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Measurement Of The Fiducial Cross Section For Vector-Boson-Fusion Production Of The Higgs Boson In The Ww Decay Channel With The Atlas Detector, Guy Rosin 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Measurement Of The Fiducial Cross Section For Vector-Boson-Fusion Production Of The Higgs Boson In The Ww Decay Channel With The Atlas Detector, Guy Rosin

Doctoral Dissertations

This doctoral thesis presents a measurement of the fiducial and differential cross section of vector boson fusion produced Higgs boson.The measurement is taken in the H → WW∗ → lνlν channel with 139 fb−1 of data. Proton-proton collisions from the Large Hadron Collider at √s = 13 TeV were recorded by the ATLAS detector. New analysis techniques using boosted decision trees with a statistical fit are introduced to accurately estimate backgrounds in the signal region. The fiducial cross section is measured to be 1.7 ± 0.42fb. The differential cross section was measured for 13 kinematic variables. No significant deviations from ...


Introduction To Classical Field Theory, Charles G. Torre 2022 Department of Physics, Utah State University

Introduction To Classical Field Theory, Charles G. Torre

All Complete Monographs

This is an introduction to classical field theory. Topics treated include: Klein-Gordon field, electromagnetic field, scalar electrodynamics, Dirac field, Yang-Mills field, gravitational field, Noether theorems relating symmetries and conservation laws, spontaneous symmetry breaking, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms.


Partial Automation Of Data Analysis In A Z Prime Boson Search, Ethan Colbert 2022 Bellarmine University

Partial Automation Of Data Analysis In A Z Prime Boson Search, Ethan Colbert

Undergraduate Theses

Analysis of data from the ATLAS experiment at the LHC has been a research focus in the Department of Physics at Bellarmine University (BU). At BU, analysis has largely been focused on Z boson decays and searching for evidence of a Z’ (Z Prime) boson. The data are stored in the form of .xml files, with one file representing one collision event inside the ATLAS detector. Previous analyses have been conducted on an event-by-event basis, using the Hypatia software package. While this allows for high-quality visualization and effective event analysis, it is highly time-consuming. I propose and implement a piece ...


Lifetime Measurement Of The Xi_C^+ Using Belle Ii Monte Carlo, Paul Gebeline 2022 University of Mississippi

Lifetime Measurement Of The Xi_C^+ Using Belle Ii Monte Carlo, Paul Gebeline

Honors Theses

This analysis uses simulated data from the Belle II experiment to measure the lifetime of the Xi_c^+ baryon. Three different decay modes are investigated to explore the feasibility and accuracy of such measurements at Belle II. The Xi_c^+ lifetime is measured using one of these modes after reducing backgrounds from sources other than the decay of interest. The final result is 464 +/- 15 fs, which is consistent with the expected result of 442 fs within uncertainty. This result shows that Belle II can make competitive measurements of particle properties and decays.


A Performance Analysis Of The Belle Ii Detector, John Stacy 2022 University of Mississippi

A Performance Analysis Of The Belle Ii Detector, John Stacy

Honors Theses

The Belle II experiment has recently (2018) started data taking at the SuperKEKB electron-positron collider in Tsukuba, Japan. Detector performance studies are necessary to understand early data and prepare for more complex analyses. This study of the proton detection efficiency of the Belle II detector compares real and simulated data to find discrepancies with the intention to provide useful information for detector and calibration experts to better gauge detector performance. It also attempts to improve the characterization of proton identification efficiency at low momenta, which performs poorly under the current fitting model. This helps analysts exploring final states that include ...


Monte Carlo Study Of Lepton Flavor Universality Violation In B Decays With Belle Ii Simulation, Sakul Mahat 2022 University of Mississippi

Monte Carlo Study Of Lepton Flavor Universality Violation In B Decays With Belle Ii Simulation, Sakul Mahat

Honors Theses

Belle II, the first super B-Factory experiment, is designed to make precise measurements of weak interaction parameters and search for New Physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics. The Standard Model of particle physics is a theory that classifies all known elementary particles and describes three of the four known fundamental forces in the universe. Physics beyond the Standard Model that addresses the theoretical developments needed to explain the deficiencies in the Standard Model is often referred to as New Physics. One of the assumptions of the Standard Model is that the couplings of particles that mediate the weak ...


Development Of A Prototype Electron Detector For Use In Ucna+, Richard McDonald 2022 East Tennessee State University

Development Of A Prototype Electron Detector For Use In Ucna+, Richard Mcdonald

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The UCNA Experiment at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) uses an electron spectrometer to observe angular correlations between the neutron spin and the momenta of β particles emitted during the process of β decay. These angular correlations give rise to an asymmetry determined by the ratio of two coupling constants, gA and gV . Combined with neutron lifetime measurements, these observations probe physics beyond the standard model through unitarity tests of the Cabbibo-Kobayashi-Maskawa Matrix. UCNA’s current spectrometer uses a multi-wire proportional chamber and a plastic scintillator coupled to four photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) by 2 meters of light guides ...


Measurement Of Neutrino-Induced Neutron Production In Lead, Brandon J. Becker 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Measurement Of Neutrino-Induced Neutron Production In Lead, Brandon J. Becker

Doctoral Dissertations

The COHERENT Collaboration is an experimental effort to make the first measurement of coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering (CE𝜈NS). The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory provides an intense, timed source of neutrinos from the decay of pions and muons produced during the spallation of mercury by 1 GeV protons generated in a particle accelerator. COHERENT seeks to make an unambiguous measurement by using a variety of low-threshold detectors capable of measuring the low-energy nuclear recoils resulting from CE𝜈NS interactions. This already challenging task is further complicated with the presence of backgrounds. Consequently, we must seek to reduce ...


Studies Of Bonus12 Radial Gem Detector And Tcs Beam Spin Asymmetry In Clas12, Jiwan Poudel 2022 Old Dominion University

Studies Of Bonus12 Radial Gem Detector And Tcs Beam Spin Asymmetry In Clas12, Jiwan Poudel

Physics Theses & Dissertations

The Barely Offshell Nucleon Structure (BONuS12) experiment adopted the concept of spectator tagging technique to study the nearly-free neutron structure function F2n in the CLAS12 of Jefferson Lab. A novel Radial Time Projection Chamber (RTPC) detector was built, tested and integrated into the CLAS12 system to detect a back-moving low momentum tagged proton in d(e, ep)X deep-inelastic scattering. It was a 40 cm long gaseous detector consisting of 3 layers of cylindrical GEM foils for the charge amplification, with the data readout directly from the surrounding padboard. The RTPC detected the recoiling spectator proton, in coincidence with the ...


Einstein's Equations, Lagrangians For General Relativity, And Adm Formalism, Timothy Corbett 2022 University of Mary Washington

Einstein's Equations, Lagrangians For General Relativity, And Adm Formalism, Timothy Corbett

Student Research Submissions

Einstein’s equations describe the relation of spacetime curvature and present matter. We will consider the case of a Lorentzian manifold diffeomorphic to ℝ × Σ, where time t ∈ ℝ and the three-dimensional manifold Σ represents space. In a homogeneous and isotropic universe, the three-dimensional manifold Σ of the Lorentzian manifold has Riemann curvature tensor (3)R = KI, where K is a constant and I is the 3 × 3 identity matrix. Space is flat when K = 0, spherical when K is positive, and hyperbolic when K is negative. In this paper, we will show models agreeing with each. We will derive ...


Physics 516: Electromagnetic Phenomena (Spring 2022), Philip C. Nelson 2022 University of Pennsylvania

Physics 516: Electromagnetic Phenomena (Spring 2022), Philip C. Nelson

Department of Physics Papers

These course notes are made publicly available in the hope that they will be useful. All reports of errata will be gratefully received. I will also be glad to hear from anyone who reads them, whether or not you find errors: pcn@upenn.edu.


Using Z Boson Events To Study Parton-Medium Interactions In Pb-Pb Collisions, The CMS Collaboration, A. M. Sirunyan, A. Tumasyan, W. Adam, F. Ambrogi, T. Bergauer, Julie M. Hogan 2022 Yerevan Physics Institute

Using Z Boson Events To Study Parton-Medium Interactions In Pb-Pb Collisions, The Cms Collaboration, A. M. Sirunyan, A. Tumasyan, W. Adam, F. Ambrogi, T. Bergauer, Julie M. Hogan

Physics and Engineering Faculty Publications

The spectra measurements of charged hadrons produced in the shower of a parton originating in the same hard scattering with a leptonically decaying Z boson are reported in lead-lead nuclei (Pb-Pb) and proton-proton (pp) collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. Both Pb-Pb and pp data sets are recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 1.7 nb-1 and 320 pb-1, respectively. Hadronic collision data with one reconstructed Z boson candidate with the transverse momentum pT>30 GeV/c are analyzed. The Z boson constrains the initial energy and ...


Search For Wγ Resonances In Proton-Proton Collisions At S=13 Tev Using Hadronic Decays Of Lorentz-Boosted W Bosons, The CMS Collaboration, A. Tumasyan, W. Adam, J. W. Andrejkovic, T. Bergauer, S. Chatterjee, Julie M. Hogan 2022 Yerevan Physics Institute

Search For Wγ Resonances In Proton-Proton Collisions At S=13 Tev Using Hadronic Decays Of Lorentz-Boosted W Bosons, The Cms Collaboration, A. Tumasyan, W. Adam, J. W. Andrejkovic, T. Bergauer, S. Chatterjee, Julie M. Hogan

Physics and Engineering Faculty Publications

A search for Wγ resonances in the mass range between 0.7 and 6.0 TeV is presented. The W boson is reconstructed via its hadronic decays, with the final-state products forming a single large-radius jet, owing to a high Lorentz boost of the W boson. The search is based on proton-proton collision data at s=13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb−1, collected with the CMS detector at the LHC in 2016–2018. The Wγ mass spectrum is parameterized with a smoothly falling background function and examined for the presence of resonance-like signals. No significant ...


Erratum: Search For Heavy Higgs Bosons Decaying To A Top Quark Pair In Proton-Proton Collisions At S = 13 Tev (Journal Of High Energy Physics, (2020), 2020, 4, (171), 10.1007/Jhep04(2020)171), The CMS Collaboration, A. M. Sirunyan, A. Tumasyan, W. Adam, F. Ambrogi, T. Bergauer, Julie M. Hogan 2022 Yerevan Physics Institute

Erratum: Search For Heavy Higgs Bosons Decaying To A Top Quark Pair In Proton-Proton Collisions At S = 13 Tev (Journal Of High Energy Physics, (2020), 2020, 4, (171), 10.1007/Jhep04(2020)171), The Cms Collaboration, A. M. Sirunyan, A. Tumasyan, W. Adam, F. Ambrogi, T. Bergauer, Julie M. Hogan

Physics and Engineering Faculty Publications

In figure 7 of the original publication, the label of the y axis should have been (Formula presented.)”. The corrected version is shown in figure 1. Accordingly, the text pointing to the figure should read “figure 7 shows scans of (Formula presented.) for this hypothesis, as a function of the coupling modifier gAtt-”.


Study Of Dijet Events With Large Rapidity Separation In Proton-Proton Collisions At √S = 2.76 Tev, The CMS Collaboration, A. Tumasyan, W. Adam, J. W. Andrejkovic, T. Bergauer, S. Chatterjee, Julie M. Hogan 2022 Yerevan Physics Institute

Study Of Dijet Events With Large Rapidity Separation In Proton-Proton Collisions At √S = 2.76 Tev, The Cms Collaboration, A. Tumasyan, W. Adam, J. W. Andrejkovic, T. Bergauer, S. Chatterjee, Julie M. Hogan

Physics and Engineering Faculty Publications

The cross sections for inclusive and Mueller-Navelet dijet production are measured as a function of the rapidity separation between the jets in proton-proton collisions at s = 2.76 TeV for jets with transverse momentum pT> 35 GeV and rapidity |y| < 4.7. Various dijet production cross section ratios are also measured. A veto on additional jets with pT> 20 GeV is introduced to improve the sensitivity to the effects of the Balitsky-Fadin-Kuraev-Lipatov (BFKL) evolution. The measurement is compared with the predictions of various Monte Carlo models based on leading-order and next-to-leading-order calculations including the Dokshitzer-Gribov-Lipatov-Altarelli-Parisi leading-logarithm (LL) parton shower as well as the LL BFKL resummation. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]


Measurement Of W±Γ Differential Cross Sections In Proton-Proton Collisions At S =13 Tev And Effective Field Theory Constraints, The CMS Collaboration, A. Tumasyan, W. Adam, J. W. Andrejkovic, T. Bergauer, S. Chatterjee, Julie M. Hogan 2022 Yerevan Physics Institute

Measurement Of W±Γ Differential Cross Sections In Proton-Proton Collisions At S =13 Tev And Effective Field Theory Constraints, The Cms Collaboration, A. Tumasyan, W. Adam, J. W. Andrejkovic, T. Bergauer, S. Chatterjee, Julie M. Hogan

Physics and Engineering Faculty Publications

Differential cross section measurements of W±γ production in proton-proton collisions at s=13 TeV are presented. The data set used in this study was collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC in 2016-2018 with an integrated luminosity of 138 fb-1. Candidate events containing an electron or muon, a photon, and missing transverse momentum are selected. The measurements are compared with standard model predictions computed at next-to-leading and next-to-next-to-leading orders in perturbative quantum chromodynamics. Constraints on the presence of TeV-scale new physics affecting the WWγ vertex are determined within an effective field theory framework, focusing on the O3W ...


Isolated Objects And Their Evolution: A Derivation Of The Propagator’S Path Integral For Spinless Elementary Particles, Domenico Napoletani, Daniele Carlo Struppa 2022 Chapman University

Isolated Objects And Their Evolution: A Derivation Of The Propagator’S Path Integral For Spinless Elementary Particles, Domenico Napoletani, Daniele Carlo Struppa

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

We formalize the notion of isolated objects (units), and we build a consistent theory to describe their evolution and interaction. We further introduce a notion of indistinguishability of distinct spacetime paths of a unit, for which the evolution of the state variables of the unit is the same, and a generalization of the equivalence principle based on indistinguishability. Under a time reversal condition on the whole set of indistinguishable paths of a unit, we show that the quantization of motion of spinless elementary particles in a general potential field can be derived in this framework, in the limiting case of ...


A New Non-Inheriting Homogeneous Solution Of The Einstein-Maxwell Equations With Cosmological Term, Charles G. Torre 2022 Department of Physics, Utah State University

A New Non-Inheriting Homogeneous Solution Of The Einstein-Maxwell Equations With Cosmological Term, Charles G. Torre

Research Vignettes

No abstract provided.


Transversity Parton Distribution Function Of The Nucleon Using The Pseudodistribution Approach, Colin Egerer, Christos Kallidonis, Joseph Karpie, Nikhil Karthik, Christopher J. Monahan, Wayne Morris, Kostas Orginos, Anatoly Radyushkin, Eloy Romero, Raza Sabbir Sufian, Savvas Zafeiropoulos, On behalf of the HadStruc Collaboration 2022 Old Dominion University

Transversity Parton Distribution Function Of The Nucleon Using The Pseudodistribution Approach, Colin Egerer, Christos Kallidonis, Joseph Karpie, Nikhil Karthik, Christopher J. Monahan, Wayne Morris, Kostas Orginos, Anatoly Radyushkin, Eloy Romero, Raza Sabbir Sufian, Savvas Zafeiropoulos, On Behalf Of The Hadstruc Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

We present a determination of the nonsinglet transversity parton distribution function (PDF) of the nucleon, normalized with respect to the tensor charge at μ2 ¼ 2 GeV2 from lattice quantum chromodynamics. We apply the pseudodistribution approach, using a gauge ensemble with a lattice spacing of 0.094 fm and the light quark mass tuned to a pion mass of 358 MeV. We extract the transversity PDF from the analysis of the short-distance behavior of the Ioffe-time pseudodistribution using the leading-twist nextto-leading order (NLO) matching coefficients calculated for transversity. We reconstruct the x-dependence of the transversity PDF through an expansion in ...


Short-Distance Structure Of Unpolarized Gluon Pseudodistributions, Ian Balitsky, Wayne Morris, Anatoly Radyushkin 2022 Old Dominion University

Short-Distance Structure Of Unpolarized Gluon Pseudodistributions, Ian Balitsky, Wayne Morris, Anatoly Radyushkin

Physics Faculty Publications

We present the results that form the basis for calculations of the unpolarized gluon parton distributions (PDFs) using the pseudo-PDF approach. We give the results for the most complicated box diagram both for gluon bilocal operators with arbitrary indices and for combinations of indices corresponding to three matrix elements that are most convenient to extract the twist-2 invariant amplitude. We also present detailed results for the gluon-quark transition diagram. The additional results for the box diagram and the gluon-quark contribution may be used for extractions of the gluon PDF from different matrix elements, with a possible cross-check of the results ...


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