Some 2-Categorical Aspects In Physics, 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### Some 2-Categorical Aspects In Physics, Arthur Parzygnat

*All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

2-categories provide a useful transition point between ordinary category theory and infinity-category theory where one can perform concrete computations for applications in physics and at the same time provide rigorous formalism for mathematical structures appearing in physics. We survey three such broad instances. First, we describe two-dimensional algebra as a means of constructing non-abelian parallel transport along surfaces which can be used to describe strings charged under non-abelian gauge groups in string theory. Second, we formalize the notion of convex and cone categories, provide a preliminary categorical definition of entropy, and exhibit several examples. Thirdly, we provide a universal description ...

Imaging Population Transfer In Atoms With Ultrafast Electron Pulses, 2016 Purdue University

#### Imaging Population Transfer In Atoms With Ultrafast Electron Pulses, Hua-Chieh Shao, Anthony F. Starace

*Anthony F. Starace Publications*

We propose the use of ultrafast electron diffraction (UED) to image a controllable, laser-driven coherent electron population transfer in lithium atoms with currently available femtosecond electron pulses. Our simulations demonstrate the ability of ultrafast electrons to image such an electronic population transfer, thus validating UED as a direct means of investigating electron dynamics. Provided the incident electron pulses have sufficient temporal resolution, the diffraction images are shown to resolve also the relative phases of the target electronic wave functions.

Introduction To Classical Field Theory, 2016 Department of Physics, Utah State University

#### Introduction To Classical Field Theory, Charles G. Torre

*All Complete Monographs*

This is an introduction to classical field theory. Topics treated include: Klein-Gordon field, electromagnetic field, scalar electrodynamics, Dirac field, Yang-Mills field, gravitational field, Noether theorems relating symmetries and conservation laws, spontaneous symmetry breaking, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms.

A Study Of The Radiative Pion Capture Process As A Background To The Search For Muon To Electron Conversion With The Mu2e Experiment., 2016 University of Louisville

#### A Study Of The Radiative Pion Capture Process As A Background To The Search For Muon To Electron Conversion With The Mu2e Experiment., Jacob Colston

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

This thesis will introduce radiative pion capture (RPC), a process which can produce a fake signal in a search for the coherent conversion of a muon to an electron in the presence of a nucleus. There will be a brief introduction to standard model (SM) physics, as well as some more in-depth discussion of the relevant high energy physics at the Mu2e experiment. We will discuss charged lepton flavor violation (CLFV), as well as Supersymmetry, which predicts CLFV at higher intensities than the SM prediction. A description of the RPC process follows, including the external and internal conversions in pion ...

Multistart Spiral Electron Vortices In Ionization By Circularly Polarized Uv Pulses, 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

#### Multistart Spiral Electron Vortices In Ionization By Circularly Polarized Uv Pulses, Jean Marcel Ngoko Djiokap, Alexei V. Meremianin, N. L. Manakov, S. X. Hu, L. B. Madsen, Anthony F. Starace

*Anthony F. Starace Publications*

*Multistart *spiral vortex patterns are predicted for the electron momentum distributions in the polarization plane following ionization of the helium atom by two time-delayed circularly polarized ultrashort laser pulses. For two ultraviolet (UV) pulses having the same frequency (such that two photons are required for ionization), single-color two-photon interferometry with corotating or counter-rotating time-delayed pulses is found to lead respectively to *zero*-start or *four*-start spiral vortex patterns in the ionized electron momentum distributions in the polarization plane. In contrast, two-color one-photon plus two-photon interferometry with time-delayed corotating or counter-rotating UV pulses is found to lead respectively to *one ...*

Black Holes And Finite-Temperature Field Theory In Ads/Cft, 2016 College of William and Mary

#### Black Holes And Finite-Temperature Field Theory In Ads/Cft, Jackson Cross Olsen

*College of William & Mary Undergraduate Honors Theses*

The Anti-de Sitter space/Conformal Field Theory (AdS/CFT) correspondence has motivated holographic models of physical phenomena at both zero and finite temperature. Zero-temperature results rely on one form of the correspondence, in which classical field theory calculations in a (usually modified) Anti-de Sitter space are said to be dual to calculations made for some quantum field theory at zero temperature. Finite-temperature calculations work similarly, except that the Anti-de Sitter space is taken to have a black hole horizon, and the correspondence is stated differently. In this work, we ask whether these two correspondences are in fact two distinct statements ...

Toward A Precision Measurement Of The Theta_13 Mixing Angle With The Double Chooz Detectors, 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

#### Toward A Precision Measurement Of The Theta_13 Mixing Angle With The Double Chooz Detectors, Ben Thomas Rybolt

*Doctoral Dissertations*

Neutrinos are the most numerous and least understood particle in the universe. In the last few decades numerous experiments have been devoted to discovering their properties. The Double Chooz experiment was designed to make a precise measurement of θ_{13} [theta 13], the neutrino mixing parameter which describes flavor oscillations governing short baselines. To accomplish this measurement, two identical neutrino detectors have been deployed at a near and far baseline outside two commercial nuclear reactors. The neutrino flux and spectrum at the near and far detector sites will determine the disappearance of anti-neutrinos created inside the reactors.

I have contributed ...

Using Precise Measurements Of Muon G-2 To Constrain New Physics, 2016 Otterbein University

#### Using Precise Measurements Of Muon G-2 To Constrain New Physics, Evan M. Heintz

*Honors Thesis Projects*

We study the contributions to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon from theories beyond the Standard Model, specifically supersymmetry. Results found at Brookhaven National Laboratory in 2001 during the E821 experiment indicate that current theories may not fully account for all of the interactions between the muon and fundamental gauge bosons. We re-derive Dirac's famous result of g=2. We then reproduce the one loop contributions from electroweak theory to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon. We then use these calculations as a template for theories that go beyond the Standard Model. We show illustrative results for ...

Sensitivity Determination In The Chips Neutrino Detector, 2016 College of William and Mary

#### Sensitivity Determination In The Chips Neutrino Detector, Eve Adde Chase

*College of William & Mary Undergraduate Honors Theses*

Through neutrino detection, we strive to provide constraints on various neutrino properties such as $\delta_{CP}$ and mass hierarchy. Neutrinos are difficult to detect and require large neutrino detectors with appropriate conditions to determine $\delta_{CP}$. While several neutrino experiments strive to constrain $\delta_{CP}$, additional detectors are necessary to further constrain these parameters. We present a computational model to determine detector sensitivity towards measuring unknown oscillation properties. This model focused on the CHIPS neutrino detector, a low-cost experiment designed to test detector technologies while providing to the wealth of information on neutrino properties. Sensitivity constraints are presented for $\Delta ...

Cebaf Upgrade Bunch Length Measurements, 2016 Old Dominion University

#### Cebaf Upgrade Bunch Length Measurements, Mahmoud Mohamad Ali Ahmad

*Physics Theses & Dissertations*

Many accelerators use short electron bunches and measuring the bunch length is important for efficient operations. CEBAF needs a suitable bunch length because bunches that are too long will result in beam interruption to the halls due to excessive energy spread and beam loss. In this work, bunch length is measured by invasive and non-invasive techniques at different beam energies. Two new measurement techniques have been commissioned; a harmonic cavity showed good results compared to expectations from simulation, and a real time interferometer is commissioned and first checkouts were performed. Three other techniques were used for measurements and comparison purposes ...

Universal Scaling Properties After Quantum Quenches, 2016 The University of Western Ontario

#### Universal Scaling Properties After Quantum Quenches, Damian Andres Galante

*Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository*

In this Thesis, the problem of a quantum quench in quantum field theories is analyzed. This involves studying the real time evolution of observables in a theory that undergoes a change in one of its couplings. These quenches are then characterized by two parameters: $\delta \lambda$, the magnitude of the quench and most importantly, $\delta t$, the quench duration. In contrast to previous studies of abrupt quenches in the condensed matter theory community, we will be interested in smooth quenches with a finite $\delta t$.

Motivated by existing results in holographic theories, we studied the problem of a fast smooth ...

Atomic Photoionization Experiment By Harmonic-Generation Spectroscopy, 2016 Voronezh State University, Russia

#### Atomic Photoionization Experiment By Harmonic-Generation Spectroscopy, M. V. Frolov, T. S. Sarantseva, N. L. Manakov, K. D. Fulfer, B. P. Wilson, J. Troß, X. Ren, Erwin D. Poliakoff, A. A. Silaev, N. V. Vvedenskii, Anthony F. Starace, C. A. Trallero-Herrero

*Anthony F. Starace Publications*

Measurements of the high-order-harmonic generation yield of the argon (Ar) atom driven by a strong elliptically polarized laser field are shown to completely determine the field-free differential photoionization cross section of Ar, i.e., the energy dependence of both the angle-integrated photoionization cross section and the angular distribution asymmetry parameter.

Control Of Threshold Enhancements In Harmonic Generation By Atoms In A Two-Color Laser Field With Orthogonal Polarizations, 2016 Voronezh State University, Russia

#### Control Of Threshold Enhancements In Harmonic Generation By Atoms In A Two-Color Laser Field With Orthogonal Polarizations, M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, T. S. Sarantseva, A. A. Silaev, N. V. Vvedenskii, Anthony F. Starace

*Anthony F. Starace Publications*

Threshold phenomena (or channel-closing effects) are analyzed in high-order harmonic generation (HHG) by atoms in a two-color laser field with orthogonal linearly polarized components of a fundamental field and its second harmonic. We show that the threshold behavior of HHG rates for the case of a weak second harmonic component is sensitive to the parity of a closing multiphoton ionization channel and the spatial symmetry of the initial bound state of the target atom, while for the case of comparable intensities of both components, suppression of threshold phenomena is observed as the relative phase between the components of a two-color ...

The Differentialgeometry Package, 2016 Utah State University

#### The Differentialgeometry Package, Ian M. Anderson, Charles G. Torre

*Downloads*

This is the entire DifferentialGeometry package, a zip file (DifferentialGeometry.zip) containing (1) a Maple Library file, DifferentialGeometryUSU.mla, (2) a Maple help file DifferentialGeometry.help. This is the latest version of the DifferentialGeometry software; it supersedes what is released with Maple. It has been tested on Maple versions 17, 18, 2015.

Holographic Renormalization Of Asymptotically Lifshitz Spacetimes, 2016 Loyola University Chicago

#### Holographic Renormalization Of Asymptotically Lifshitz Spacetimes, Robert Mcnees, Robert Mann

*Robert A McNees IV*

A variational formulation is given for a theory of gravity coupled to a massive vector in four dimensions, with Asymptotically Lifshitz boundary conditions on the fields. For theories with critical exponent z=2 we obtain a well-defined variational principle by explicitly constructing two actions with local boundary counterterms. As part of our analysis we obtain solutions of these theories on a neighborhood of spatial infinity, study the asymptotic symmetries, and consider different definitions of the boundary stress tensor and associated charges. A constraint on the boundary data for the fields figures prominently in one of our formulations, and in that ...

Black Holes In The Conical Ensemble, 2016 Loyola University Chicago

#### Black Holes In The Conical Ensemble, Robert Mcnees, Daniel Grumiller

*Robert A McNees IV*

We consider black holes in an “unsuitable box”: a finite cavity coupled to a thermal reservoir at a temperature different than the black hole’s Hawking temperature. These black holes are described by metrics that are continuous but not differentiable due to a conical singularity at the horizon. We include them in the Euclidean path integral sum over configurations, and analyze the effect this has on black hole thermodynamics in the canonical ensemble. Black holes with a small deficit (or surplus) angle may have a smaller internal energy or larger density of states than the nearby smooth black hole, but ...

Conventions, Definitions, Identities, And Other Useful Formulae, 2016 Loyola University Chicago

#### Conventions, Definitions, Identities, And Other Useful Formulae, Robert Mcnees

*Robert A McNees IV*

As the name suggests, these notes contain a summary of important conventions, definitions, identities, and various formulas that I often refer to. They may prove useful for researchers working in General Relativity, Supergravity, String Theory, Cosmology, and related areas.

Boundary Terms Unbound! Holographic Renormalization Of Asymptotically Linear Dilaton Gravity, 2016 Loyola University Chicago

#### Boundary Terms Unbound! Holographic Renormalization Of Asymptotically Linear Dilaton Gravity, Robert Mcnees, Robert Mann

*Robert A McNees IV*

A variational principle is constructed for gravity coupled to an asymptotically linear dilaton and a p-form field strength. This requires the introduction of appropriate surface terms—also known as 'boundary counterterms'—in the action. The variation of the action with respect to the boundary metric yields a boundary stress tensor, which is used to construct conserved charges that generate the asymptotic symmetries of the theory. In most cases a minimal set of assumptions leads to a unique set of counterterms. However, for certain examples we find families of actions that depend on one or more continuous parameters. We show that ...

Evidence For Simultaneous Production Of J/Ψ And ϒ Mesons, 2016 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia

#### Evidence For Simultaneous Production Of J/Ψ And ϒ Mesons, V. M. Abazov, Kenneth Bloom, Daniel R. Claes, Kayle Devaughan, A. Dominguez, Ioannis Katsanos, Sudhir Malik, Gregory Snow, D0 Collaboration

*Kenneth Bloom Publications*

We report evidence for the simultaneous production of *J/**ψ* and ϒ mesons in 8.1 fb^{−}^{1} of data collected at √s = 1.96 TeV by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab *p¯p* Tevatron Collider. Events with these characteristics are expected to be produced predominantly by gluon-gluon interactions. In this analysis, we extract the effective cross section characterizing the initial parton spatial distribution, *σ*_{eff} = 2.2 ± 0.7(stat) ± 0.9(syst) mb.

Monte Carlo Simulation Of Stopped Muon Monitors For Dune/Lbnf, 2016 University of Colorado, Boulder

#### Monte Carlo Simulation Of Stopped Muon Monitors For Dune/Lbnf, Andrew D. Loeliger

*Undergraduate Honors Theses*

The composition of neutrino flavor eigenstates in terms of neutrino mass states leads to the phenomenon of “neutrino oscillation”, whereby a neutrino created in one flavor may change to another in flight. DUNE (Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment) is an experiment designed with a 1300 km baseline to study and measure the parameters involved in neutrino oscillation. To measure the tertiary muon beam created with the neutrinos, a detector designed to measure stopping muons is used. The detector will pick up light created in the decay of a muon in mineral oil in the center. To study the response of the ...