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Editorial Board, 2019 Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Editorial Board

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

No abstract provided.


Interplay Between Superconductivity And Itinerant Magnetism In Underdoped Ba1−Xkxfe2as2 (X = 0.2) Probed By The Response To Controlled Point-Like Disorder, Ruslan Prozorov, Marcin Kończykowski, Makariy A. Tanatar, Hai-Hu Wen, Rafael M. Fernandes, Paul C. Canfield 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Interplay Between Superconductivity And Itinerant Magnetism In Underdoped Ba1−Xkxfe2as2 (X = 0.2) Probed By The Response To Controlled Point-Like Disorder, Ruslan Prozorov, Marcin Kończykowski, Makariy A. Tanatar, Hai-Hu Wen, Rafael M. Fernandes, Paul C. Canfield

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The response of superconductors to controlled introduction of point-like disorder is an important tool to probe their microscopic electronic collective behavior. In the case of iron-based superconductors, magnetic fluctuations presumably play an important role in inducing high-temperature superconductivity. In some cases, these two seemingly incompatible orders coexist microscopically. Therefore, understanding how this unique coexistence state is affected by disorder can provide important information about the microscopic mechanisms involved. In one of the most studied pnictide family, hole-doped Ba1−xKxFe2As2 (BaK122), this coexistence occurs over a wide range of doping levels, 0.16 ≲ x ≲ 0.25. We used ...


New Constraints On Early-Type Galaxy Assembly From Spectroscopic Metallicities Of Globular Clusters In M87, Alexa Villaume, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Jean Brodie, Jay Strader 2019 University of California, Santa Cruz

New Constraints On Early-Type Galaxy Assembly From Spectroscopic Metallicities Of Globular Clusters In M87, Alexa Villaume, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Jean Brodie, Jay Strader

Aaron J. Romanowsky

The observed characteristics of globular cluster (GC) systems, such as metallicity distributions, are commonly used to place constraints on galaxy formation models. However, obtaining reliable metallicity values is particularly difficult because of our limited means to obtain high quality spectroscopy of extragalactic GCs. Often, "color–metallicity relations" are invoked to convert easier-to-obtain photometric measurements into metallicities, but there is no consensus on what form these relations should take. In this paper we make use of multiple photometric data sets and iron metallicity values derived from applying full-spectrum stellar population synthesis models to deep Keck/LRIS spectra of 177 GCs centrally ...


Electromagnetic Sum Rules And Response Functions From The Symmetry-Adapted No-Core Shell Model, Robert Byron Baker 2019 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Electromagnetic Sum Rules And Response Functions From The Symmetry-Adapted No-Core Shell Model, Robert Byron Baker

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Recent developments in ab initio nuclear structure have provided us with a variety of many-body methods capable of describing nuclei into the medium-mass region of the chart of nuclides. One of these, the symmetry-adapted no-core shell model (SA-NCSM), capitalizes on inherent symmetries of the nucleus and is uniquely suited to examine the underlying physics of dynamical quantities, such as the response function.

We examine the applicability of the SA-NCSM to calculations of these quantities and assess the quality of its inputs by calculating electromagnetic sum rules and response functions with the Lanczos sum rule method and Lanczos response function method ...


Assessment Of Excess Thyroid Cancer Risk Following A Hypothetical Radiological Incident In Louisiana And Best-Case Risk Reduction Achieved By Thyroid Blockade, Garrett A. Otis 2019 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Assessment Of Excess Thyroid Cancer Risk Following A Hypothetical Radiological Incident In Louisiana And Best-Case Risk Reduction Achieved By Thyroid Blockade, Garrett A. Otis

LSU Master's Theses

Radioactive isotopes of iodine are produced by nuclear power plants as a byproduct of nuclear fission reactions. If these isotopes are released into the environment, such as during a breach of containment, they constitute a health risk to exposed individuals. To mitigate the risk of thyroid cancer due to exposure to radioactive iodine, “iodide prophylaxis,” also known as “thyroid blockade,” can be used, usually by administration of potassium iodide (KI). In some areas of the world, KI has been provided to the general public by their governments as a precautionary measure against potential nuclear power plant incidents. However, in the ...


Laser Cooling With Adiabatic Transfer On A Raman Transition, Graham Greve, Baochen Wu, James K. Thompson 2019 JILA/CU-Boulder

Laser Cooling With Adiabatic Transfer On A Raman Transition, Graham Greve, Baochen Wu, James K. Thompson

JILA Faculty Contributions

Sawtooth Wave Adiabatic Passage (SWAP) laser cooling was recently demonstrated using a narrow-linewidth single-photon optical transition in atomic strontium and may prove useful for cooling other atoms and molecules. However, many atoms and molecules lack the appropriate narrow optical transition. Here we use such an atom, 87Rb, to demonstrate that two-photon Raman transitions with arbitrarily-tunable linewidths can be used to achieve 1D SWAP cooling without significantly populating the intermediate excited state. Unlike SWAP cooling on a narrow transition, Raman SWAP cooling allows for a final 1D temperature well below the Doppler cooling limit (here, 25 times lower); and the ...


Concentration Of Bacterial Specimens During Centrifugation Prior To Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Analysis, Alexandra E. Paulicka, Dylan J. Malenfanta, Steven J. Rehse 2019 University of Windsor

Concentration Of Bacterial Specimens During Centrifugation Prior To Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Analysis, Alexandra E. Paulicka, Dylan J. Malenfanta, Steven J. Rehse

Physics Publications

A metal cone device has been designed and fabricated for use with a custom centrifuge tube insert to allow the simple and rapid concentration of bacterial cells in a circular area with a diameter of 1 mm. The device concentrates cells suspended in up to 1 mL of liquid at the center of a highly flat disposable filter medium which can be easily removed from the centrifuge tube insert for subsequent testing with laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. Two-dimensional elemental mapping of the filter evidenced a high concentration of bacteria on the filter under the location of the cone hole, as well ...


Merging Parallel-Plate And Levitation Actuators To Enable Linearity And Tunability In Electrostatic Mems, Mark Pallay, Ronald N. Miles, Shahrzad Towfighian 2019 Binghamton University--SUNY

Merging Parallel-Plate And Levitation Actuators To Enable Linearity And Tunability In Electrostatic Mems, Mark Pallay, Ronald N. Miles, Shahrzad Towfighian

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Scholarship

In this study, a linear electrostatic MEMS actuator is introduced. The system consists of a MEMS cantilever beam with combined parallel-plate and electrostatic levitation forces. By using these two forcing methods simultaneously, the static response and natural frequency can be made to vary linearly with the voltage. The static response shows a linear increase of 90 nm/V and is maintained for more than 12μm of the tip displacement. The natural frequency shows a linear increase of 16 Hz/V and is maintained throughout a 2.9 kHz shift in the natural frequency. This wide range of linear displacement and ...


Using Forensics To Introduce Ir Spectroscopy & Molecular Modeling, Joe Golab 2019 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

Using Forensics To Introduce Ir Spectroscopy & Molecular Modeling, Joe Golab

Faculty Publications & Research

A student activity is reported that analyzes “medical evidence” with experimental and computational methods. The lesson demonstrates benefits of solving practical problems with integrated tools.


Multiwavelength Digital Holographic Imaging And Phase Unwrapping Of Protozoa Using Custom Fiji Plug-Ins, David Cohoe, Iulia Hanczarek, J. Kent Wallace, Jay Nadeau 2019 Portland State University

Multiwavelength Digital Holographic Imaging And Phase Unwrapping Of Protozoa Using Custom Fiji Plug-Ins, David Cohoe, Iulia Hanczarek, J. Kent Wallace, Jay Nadeau

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Multiwavelength digital holographic microscopy (DHM) has been used to improve phase reconstructions of digital holograms by reducing 2p phase ambiguities. However, most samples used as test images have been solid or adhered to a surface, making it easy to determine focal planes and correct for chromatic aberration. In this study we apply 3-wavelength off-axis DHM to swimming protozoa containing distinct spectral features such as chlorophyll and carotenoids. We reconstruct the holograms into amplitude and phase images using the angular spectrum method. Methods for noise subtraction, chromatic aberration correction, and image registration are presented for both amplitude and phase. Approaches to ...


Neutron Lifetime Puzzle And Nuclear Stability: A Possible Relation, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich 2019 University of Texas at El Paso

Neutron Lifetime Puzzle And Nuclear Stability: A Possible Relation, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

It is known that a free neutron decays into a proton, an electron, and an anti-neutrino. Interesting, recent attempts to measure the neutron's lifetime has led to two slightly different estimates: namely, the number of decaying neutrons is somewhat larger than the number of newly created protons. This difference is known as the neutron lifetime puzzle. A natural explanation for this difference is that in some cases, a neutron decays not into a proton, but into some other particle. If this explanation is true, this implies that nuclei with a sufficiently large number of neutrons will be unstable. Based ...


60th Annual Rocky Mountain Conference On Magnetic Resonance, 2019 University of Denver

60th Annual Rocky Mountain Conference On Magnetic Resonance

Rocky Mountain Conference on Magnetic Resonance

Final program, abstracts, and information about the 60th annual meeting of the Rocky Mountain Conference on Magnetic Resonance, co-endorsed by the Colorado Section of the American Chemical Society and the Society for Applied Spectroscopy. Held in Denver, Colorado, July 21-25, 2019.


Arduino Lab Assignments For Principles Of Physics Ii, William Baird, Jeffery Secrest 2019 Georgia Southern University

Arduino Lab Assignments For Principles Of Physics Ii, William Baird, Jeffery Secrest

Physics and Astronomy Ancillary Materials

This set of two Arduino assignments for Principles of Physics II includes an introductory assignment in exploring the Arduino's capabilities, followed by a lab assignment on data collection using the Arduino. These assignments were created as part of a Round Twelve Textbook Transformation Grant for Principles of Physics II.


Principles Of Physics Ii (Ga Southern), William Baird, Jeffery Secrest 2019 Georgia Southern University

Principles Of Physics Ii (Ga Southern), William Baird, Jeffery Secrest

Physics and Astronomy Grants Collections

This Grants Collection for Principles of Physics II was created under a Round Twelve ALG Textbook Transformation Grant.

Affordable Learning Georgia Grants Collections are intended to provide faculty with the frameworks to quickly implement or revise the same materials as a Textbook Transformation Grants team, along with the aims and lessons learned from project teams during the implementation process.

Documents are in .pdf format, with a separate .docx (Word) version available for download. Each collection contains the following materials:

  • Linked Syllabus
  • Initial Proposal
  • Final Report


Interaction Dynamics Between Ferroelectric And Antiferroelectric Domains In A Pbzro3-Based Ceramic, Zhongming Fan, Fei Xue, Goknur Tutuncu, Long-Qing Chen, Xiaoli Tan 2019 Iowa State University

Interaction Dynamics Between Ferroelectric And Antiferroelectric Domains In A Pbzro3-Based Ceramic, Zhongming Fan, Fei Xue, Goknur Tutuncu, Long-Qing Chen, Xiaoli Tan

Xiaoli Tan

The antiferroelectric-ferroelectric phase transition in PbZrO3-based oxides is of both fundamental and practical importance. In ceramics in which such a transition readily occurs, the antiferroelectric and the ferroelectric phases often coexist in individual grains with a coherent interphase interface. In this work, the electric biasing in situ transmission electron microscopy technique is employed to directly observe a unique microstructural dynamic when ferroelectric and antiferroelectric domains are driven by a moderate electric field to interact. It is found that, under monotonic loading, the ferroelectric domain grows until it is blocked by the ferroelectric-antiferroelectric interface. At the same time, a kink is ...


Application Of The Optimal Estimation Method (Oem) To Retrieve Relative Humidity From Raman Lidar Backscatter Measurements., Shayamila N. Mahagammulla Gamage, Robert Sica, Alexander Haefele 2019 Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada

Application Of The Optimal Estimation Method (Oem) To Retrieve Relative Humidity From Raman Lidar Backscatter Measurements., Shayamila N. Mahagammulla Gamage, Robert Sica, Alexander Haefele

Western Research Forum

Accurate measurements of relative humidity (RH) vertical profiles in the atmosphere is important for understanding the earth's weather and the climate system. RH represent the current state of the water vapor in the atmosphere with respect to the ambient air related to saturation. Even minor changes of the RH in the lower atmosphere has a large impact of the global circulation and cloud formation. Due to its high variability RH measurements in the lower atmosphere is significantly challenging. Raman lidar is one of the potential tools that can provide vertical profiles of RH. Typically, temperature and water vapor mixing ...


A Brief Review Of Modern Uses Of Scattering Techniques, Daniel M. Wade, Dereth J. Drake 2019 Valdosta State University

A Brief Review Of Modern Uses Of Scattering Techniques, Daniel M. Wade, Dereth J. Drake

Georgia Journal of Science

Thomson, Rayleigh, Mie, and Raman scattering are commonly used in several disciplines in science and engineering. The techniques involve the scattering of electromagnetic radiation or particles in a sample. This paper provides a brief history for each scattering method, describes the traditional laboratory approach for implementation, and discusses current uses and variations of these four techniques.


Turbulent Dispersion In Cloudy Boundary Layers, Remco A. Verzijlbergh, Harmen J.J. Jonker, Thijs Heus, J. Vilà-Guerau de Arellano 2019 Delft University of Technology

Turbulent Dispersion In Cloudy Boundary Layers, Remco A. Verzijlbergh, Harmen J.J. Jonker, Thijs Heus, J. Vilà-Guerau De Arellano

Thijs Heus

Compared to dry boundary layers, dispersion in cloud-topped boundary layers has received less attention. In this LES based numerical study we investigate the dispersion of a passive tracer in the form of Lagrangian particles for four kinds of atmospheric boundary layers: 1) a dry convective boundary layer (for reference), 2) a "smoke" cloud boundary layer in which the turbulence is driven by radiative cooling, 3) a stratocumulus topped boundary layer and 4) a shallow cumulus topped boundary layer. We show that the dispersion characteristics of the smoke cloud boundary layer as well as the stratocumulus situation can be well understood ...


Observational Validation Of The Compensating Mass Flux Through The Shell Around Cumulus Clouds, Thijs Heus, C. Freek J. Pols, Harmen J.J. Jonker, Harry E.A. Van den Akker, Donald H. Lenschow 2019 Cleveland State University

Observational Validation Of The Compensating Mass Flux Through The Shell Around Cumulus Clouds, Thijs Heus, C. Freek J. Pols, Harmen J.J. Jonker, Harry E.A. Van Den Akker, Donald H. Lenschow

Thijs Heus

The existence of a subsiding shell around cumulus clouds has been observed before in several aircraft measurement campaigns. Recent results from large-eddy simulations (LES) showed that the downward mass flux through the shell compensates for a significant fraction of the upward mass flux through the cloud. In this study, aeroplane measurements from the Rain In Cumulus over the Ocean (RICO) field campaign are used to verify the existence of this compensating mass flux. Just as in the LES results, the in-shell downward mass flux is found to be significant. However, a few differences were found in comparison with the LES ...


Reconciling And Validating The Cloud Thickness And Liquid Water Path Tendencies, Mohamed S. Ghonima, Joel R. Norris, Thijs Heus, Jan Kleissl 2019 University of California

Reconciling And Validating The Cloud Thickness And Liquid Water Path Tendencies, Mohamed S. Ghonima, Joel R. Norris, Thijs Heus, Jan Kleissl

Thijs Heus

A detailed derivation of stratocumulus cloud thickness and liquid water path tendencies as a function of the well-mixed boundary layer mass, heat, and moisture budget equations is presented. The derivation corrects an error in the cloud thickness tendency equation derived by R. Wood to make it consistent with the liquid water path tendency equation derived by J. J. van der Dussen et al. The validity of the tendency equations is then tested against the output of large-eddy simulations of a typical stratocumulus-topped boundary layer case and is found to be in good agreement.


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