Study Of Neon Collisional Negative Ion Compound Resonance Using A Trochoidal Electron Monochromator, 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

#### Study Of Neon Collisional Negative Ion Compound Resonance Using A Trochoidal Electron Monochromator, Will Brunner

*Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln*

This thesis describes the experimental apparatus and procedure used to measure the excitation function of the 2p^{5}3p ^{3}D_{3} state of neon. First I describe the effect on this excitation of negative ion resonances and previous experiments to measure the excitation function, as well as suggestions for future applications of such studies. Then the experimental apparatus is described in three parts. The vacuum system uses a turbomolecular pump to decrease the pressure of the chamber to as low as 4*10^{-9} Torr. The electron beam system incorporates a trochoidal electron monochromator to send a highly monochromatic ...

Applications Of Quantum Optics: From The Quantum Internet To Analogue Gravity, 2021 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

#### Applications Of Quantum Optics: From The Quantum Internet To Analogue Gravity, Anthony Brady

*LSU Doctoral Dissertations*

The aim of this thesis is to highlight applications of quantum optics in two very distinct fields: space-based quantum communication and the Hawking effect in analogue gravity. Regarding the former: We simulate and analyze a constellation of satellites, equipped with entangled photon-pair sources, which provide on-demand entanglement distribution ser- vices to terrestrial receiver stations. Satellite services are especially relevant for long-distance quantum-communication scenarios, as the loss in satellite-based schemes scales more favor- ably with distance than in optical fibers or in atmospheric links, though establishing quantum resources in the space-domain is expensive. We thus develop an optimization technique which balances ...

Mach-Zehnder Quantum Interference Rules In Hydrocarbons With Substituents, 2021 University of Anbar

#### Mach-Zehnder Quantum Interference Rules In Hydrocarbons With Substituents, Alaa Al-Jobory, Zainelabideen Y. Mijbil

*Karbala International Journal of Modern Science*

We have investigated the conditions of quantum interferences in hydrocarbons with substituents using density functional theory and tight binding approximation combined with non-equilibrium Green’s function technique. The chosen model systems, namely benzene and tripyridyl–triazine molecules, have elucidated three prominent rules. The ‘*first rule*’ is the occurrence of inevitable, destructive quantum interference when 1,3-benzene ring incorporates single substituent at the fifth site. The ‘*second rule*’ is the chaotic occurrence of quantum interferences due the position and/or type of the substituents. The ‘*third rule*’: the substituents decrease (increase) the probability of destructive (constructive) interferences

Effect Of Peg Addition On An Sno2 Gas Sensor Fabricated Using Spin Coating, 2021 University of Kerbala College of science

#### Effect Of Peg Addition On An Sno2 Gas Sensor Fabricated Using Spin Coating, Mohammed Abdulhur Kadhim Dr., Amer Abbas Ramadhan Dr., Mohammed Oudah Salman Al-Gburi Dr

*Karbala International Journal of Modern Science*

Tin dioxide (SnO_{2}) and tin dioxide: polyethylene glycol (SnO_{2}: PEG) nano-composite thin films, at 10 and 20 wt % PEG, were fabricated by spin coating techniques from a mixed solution of ethanol and water. The structural, morphological, and optical properties of the prepared samples were examined to study the effect of PEG addition on SnO_{2} thin film properties. X-ray diffraction shows a polycrystalline structure for all samples, where the crystalline size reduced from 8.3 nm (for the pure sample) to 7.2 nm (for the 20% PEG sample). The addition of PEG with the precursors significantly affected ...

Third- And Fifth-Order Geometric Aberrations In Magnetic Exponential Lens Model For Object Magnetic Immersion, 2021 Al Nahrain Univrsity

#### Third- And Fifth-Order Geometric Aberrations In Magnetic Exponential Lens Model For Object Magnetic Immersion, Aymen Amer Mr., Ahmad K. Ahmad Professor

*Karbala International Journal of Modern Science*

We numerically employ the differential algebraic technique to calculate the third and fifth-order geometric aberrations coefficients, which are derived by using the map method, of the magnetic exponential lens model. These coefficients are calculated for object magnetic immersion (OMI). The magnetic exponential model is used as an example for the magnetic round lens to calculate the coefficients. The numerical electron optical results are perfectly in match with the analytically results with a very small relative error (10^{-10}- 10^{-12}). The DA advantage technique is a very compendious, effective, proper, and accurate for analysis of electron optical aberration. The COSYINFINITY ...

Physical-Chemical Characterization And Heavy Metals Assessment Of Waters And Sediments Of Sebou Watershed (Top Sebou, Morocco), 2021 Université Hassan 2

#### Physical-Chemical Characterization And Heavy Metals Assessment Of Waters And Sediments Of Sebou Watershed (Top Sebou, Morocco), Mohamed Kabriti, Eda Mahougnon Léonce, Chaimaa Merbouh, Bensaber Abdelfattah, Abdelmajid Achkir, Abdlhakim Aouragh, Iounes Nadia

*Karbala International Journal of Modern Science*

The main purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of human activities, geochemical background and seasons on pollutant pathway. Surface water, groundwater and sediments were assessed to highlight and confirm those impacts. Sixteen physico-chemical parameters were measured (T°, pH, O2, salinity, conductivity, BOD5, COD, SM, Cl-, NO2-, NO3-, NH4+, TAC, TH, SO₄²- and PO43-) and twelve metallic trace elements were analyzed (Ar, Cr, Zn, Mn, Ni, Fe, Al, Cd, Cu, Pb, K and Na). Five sampling campaigns were carried out in 18 sampling points for over one year, between July 2018 and July 2019 in the upstream part ...

Molecular Structure Vibrational & Electronic Properties Of Some Isatin Derivatives, 2021 Kastamonu university

#### Molecular Structure Vibrational & Electronic Properties Of Some Isatin Derivatives, Fatma K. Fkandermili Prof, Fatma M. Aldibashi S, Hakan S. Sayiner Prof

*Karbala International Journal of Modern Science*

## Abstract

In this study, Natural Bonding Orbitals (NBOs) were applied to isatin, 5‑fluoroisatin, 5‑chloroisatin, 5‑methylisatin and 5‑methoxyisatin using the Lee-Yang-Parr correlation functional B3LYP with 6‑311++G(2d,2p) basis set. Natural bonding analysis was performed to consider the transfer interactions of intra-molecular charge, pre-hybridization and electron density within the isatin, 5‑fluoroisatin, 5‑chloroisatin, 5‑methylisatin and 5‑methoxyisatin. In natural bonding orbital analysis, the wave functions of the electrons were explicated in sets of occupied Lewis type terms, (bonds or lone pairs) and sets of unoccupied non‑Lewis (anti‑bond and Rydberg) localized natural ...

Editorial Board, 2021 Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

All-Sky Search In Early O3 Ligo Data For Continuous Gravitational-Wave Signals From Unknown Neutron Stars In Binary Systems, 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

#### All-Sky Search In Early O3 Ligo Data For Continuous Gravitational-Wave Signals From Unknown Neutron Stars In Binary Systems, R. Abbott, T. D. Abbott, S. Abraham, F. Acernese, Teviet Creighton, Mario C. Diaz, Soma Mukherjee, Volker Quetschke, K. E. Ramirez, W. H. Wang

*Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations*

Rapidly spinning neutron stars are promising sources of continuous gravitational waves. Detecting such a signal would allow probing of the physical properties of matter under extreme conditions. A significant fraction of the known pulsar population belongs to binary systems. Searching for unknown neutron stars in binary systems requires specialized algorithms to address unknown orbital frequency modulations. We present a search for continuous gravitational waves emitted by neutron stars in binary systems in early data from the third observing run of the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo detectors using the semicoherent, GPU-accelerated, BinarySkyHough pipeline. The search analyzes the most sensitive frequency ...

Identifying, Analyzing, And Using Discriminatory Variables For Classification Of Neutrino Signal And Background Noise In Multivariate Analysis In The Askaryan Radio Array Experiment, 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

#### Identifying, Analyzing, And Using Discriminatory Variables For Classification Of Neutrino Signal And Background Noise In Multivariate Analysis In The Askaryan Radio Array Experiment, Jesse Osborn

*Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln*

The Askaryan Radio Array Experiment, located near the South Pole, works to pinpoint specific instances of neutrinos from outside the solar system interacting with nucleons inside the Antarctic ice, emitting radio waves. I have taken data from the ARA stations which is presumed to be background noise and compared it to simulated data meant to look like a neutrino signal. I developed a suite of variables for discrimination between the two data sets, using a computer algorithm to generate a single output variable which can be used to distinguish noise events from signal events. I maximized this discrimination process for ...

The Physics Of Fire By Friction, 2021 University of Dayton

#### The Physics Of Fire By Friction, Bradley D. Duncan

*Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications*

In what follows I will attempt to produce a rigorous, macroscopic, time averaged model of the process of creating fire by friction – up to the point of initial ember formation. I will employ reasonable, practical approximations with the goal of developing mathematical results that are experimentally verifiable. Although force, velocity, pressure and the like are actually vector quantities, due to the symmetry of the problem I will perform a scalar analysis only. Also, to simplify the analysis I will assume that the assortment of variables we will encounter are independent. Mostly this assumption is valid, though on occasion I will ...

Quantum Simulation Of Schrödinger's Equation, 2021 American University in Cairo

#### Quantum Simulation Of Schrödinger's Equation, Mohamed Eltohfa

*Capstone and Graduation Projects*

Quantum computing is one of the promising active areas in physics research. This is because of the potential of quantum algorithms to outperform their classical counterparts. Grover’s search algorithm has a quadratic speed-up compared to the classical linear search. The quantum simulation of Schrödinger’s equation has an exponential memory save-up compared to the classical simulation. In this thesis, the ideas and tools of quantum computing are reviewed. Grover’s algorithm is studied and simulated as an example. Using the Qiskit quantum computing library, a code to simulate Schrödinger’s equation for a particle in one dimension is developed ...

The Prospect Of Microwave Heating: Towards A Faster And Deeper Crack Healing In Asphalt Pavement, 2021 Delft University of Technology

#### The Prospect Of Microwave Heating: Towards A Faster And Deeper Crack Healing In Asphalt Pavement, Shi Xu, Xueyan Liu, Amir Tabakovic, Erik Schlangen

*Articles*

Microwave heating has been shown to be an effective method of heating asphalt concrete and in turn healing the damage. As such, microwave heating holds great potential in rapid (1–3 min) and effective damage healing, resulting in improvement in the service life, safety, and sustainability of asphalt pavement. This study focused on the microwave healing effect on porous asphalt concrete. Steel wool fibres were incorporated into porous asphalt to improve the microwave heating efficiency, and the optimum microwave heating time was determined. Afterwards, the microwave healing efficiency was evaluated using a semi–circular bending and healing programme. The results ...

A Gravitational-Wave Measurement Of The Hubble Constant Following The Second Observing Run Of Advanced Ligo And Virgo, 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

#### A Gravitational-Wave Measurement Of The Hubble Constant Following The Second Observing Run Of Advanced Ligo And Virgo, B. P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T. D. Abbott, S. Abraham, Teviet Creighton, Mario C. Diaz, Soma Mukherjee, Volker Quetschke, Malik Rakhmanov, K. E. Ramirez, Satzhan Sitmukhambetov, Robert Stone, D. Tuyenbayev, W. H. Wang, Adam Zadrozny

*Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations*

This paper presents the gravitational-wave measurement of the Hubble constant (H0) using the detections from the first and second observing runs of the Advanced LIGO and Virgo detector network. The presence of the transient electromagnetic counterpart of the binary neutron star GW170817 led to the first standard-siren measurement of H0. Here we additionally use binary black hole detections in conjunction with galaxy catalogs and report a joint measurement. Our updated measurement is H0 = - 69+8 16 km s−1 Mpc−1 (68.3% of the highest density posterior interval with a flat-in-log prior) which is an improvement by a factor ...

Magnetic Normal Mode Calculations In Big Systems: A Highly Scalable Dynamical Matrix Approach Applied To A Fibonacci-Distorted Artificial Spin Ice, 2021 Università di Ferrara, Italy

#### Magnetic Normal Mode Calculations In Big Systems: A Highly Scalable Dynamical Matrix Approach Applied To A Fibonacci-Distorted Artificial Spin Ice, Loris Giovannini, Barry W. Farmer, Justin S. Woods, Ali Frotanpour, Lance E. De Long, Federico Montoncello

*Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications*

We present a new formulation of the dynamical matrix method for computing the magnetic normal modes of a large system, resulting in a highly scalable approach. The motion equation, which takes into account external field, dipolar and ferromagnetic exchange interactions, is rewritten in the form of a generalized eigenvalue problem without any additional approximation. For its numerical implementation several solvers have been explored, along with preconditioning methods. This reformulation was conceived to extend the study of magnetization dynamics to a broader class of finer-mesh systems, such as three-dimensional, irregular or defective structures, which in recent times raised the interest among ...

Erratum: A Non-Linear Approximate Solution To The Damped Pendulum Derived Using The Method Of Successive Approximations [Georgia Journal Of Science, Vol. 76, No. 2, Article 9], 2021 University of West Georgia

#### Erratum: A Non-Linear Approximate Solution To The Damped Pendulum Derived Using The Method Of Successive Approximations [Georgia Journal Of Science, Vol. 76, No. 2, Article 9], Javier E. Hasbun

*Georgia Journal of Science*

In an earlier publication [Hill and Hasbun, 2018] considered an approximate solution to the damped pendulum, named the improved modified method of successive approximations (IMMSA), and compared it to an approximation from the work of [Johannessen, 2014]. Here, a correction is made to that comparison due to an error made in calculating Johannessen's approximation.

Towards A General Framework For Practical Quantum Network Protocols, 2021 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

#### Towards A General Framework For Practical Quantum Network Protocols, Sumeet Khatri

*LSU Doctoral Dissertations*

The quantum internet is one of the frontiers of quantum information science. It will revolutionize the way we communicate and do other tasks, and it will allow for tasks that are not possible using the current, classical internet. The backbone of a quantum internet is entanglement distributed globally in order to allow for such novel applications to be performed over long distances. Experimental progress is currently being made to realize quantum networks on a small scale, but much theoretical work is still needed in order to understand how best to distribute entanglement and to guide the realization of large-scale quantum ...

Rationalizing Device Performance Of Perylenediimide Derivatives As Acceptors For Bulk-Heterojunction Organic Solar Cells, 2021 Department of Physics and Institute of Advanced Materials, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong

#### Rationalizing Device Performance Of Perylenediimide Derivatives As Acceptors For Bulk-Heterojunction Organic Solar Cells, Hang Yin, Song Chen, Pengqing Bi, Xiaopeng Xu, Sin Hang Cheung, Xiaotao Hao, Qiang Peng, Xunjin Zhu, Shu Kong So

*HKBU Staff Publication*

This study examines the correlation between the structure of four perylenediimide (PDI) derivatives and their optoelectronic behaviors. Three of them with one, two or four PDI moieties conjugated peripherally to porphyrin core by phenylene linker, denoted as nPDI-ZnP (n = 1,2,4), are investigated as acceptors on the charge transport propertyand device performance in non-fullerene (NF) bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) organic photovoltaic cells with a commercial polymer PTB7-Th as the donor material. Besides, the parent PDI molecule is studied as a control. Detailed charge carrier transport analysis is carried out on these PTB7-Th:Acceptor BHJs. Among all acceptor molecules, PTB7-Th:4PDI-ZnP film ...

La Teoria Relativista De La Gravitacion De Einstein, 2021 Livre de Lyon

#### La Teoria Relativista De La Gravitacion De Einstein, Manuel Almeyda Arroyo

*Science and Mathematical Science*

No abstract provided.

Quantum Computing: Resolving Myths, From Physics To Metaphysics, 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

#### Quantum Computing: Resolving Myths, From Physics To Metaphysics, Jacob R. Mandel

*Physics*

As the field of quantum computing becomes popularized, *myths* or misconceptions will inevitably come along with it. From the sci-fi genre to the casual usage of the term *quantum, *idealism begins to take over our projections of the technological future. But *what are quantum computers?* And what does *quantum *mean? How are they any different than the computers we use on an everyday basis? Will there be quantum computing smartphones? Are quantum computers just a faster version of conventional computing or a wholly new way of computing altogether? The objective of this paper is to resolve common *myths* or misconceptions ...