Optimization Of Quantum Optical Metrology Systems, 2019 Louisiana State University
Optimization Of Quantum Optical Metrology Systems, Nicholas Michael Studer
LSU Doctoral Dissertations
It can be said that all of humanity's efforts can be understood as a problem of optimization. We each have a natural sense of what is ``good'' or ``bad'' and thus our actions tend towards maximizing -- or optimizing -- some notion of good and minimizing those things we perceive as bad or undesirable.
Within the sciences, the greatest form of good is knowledge. It is this pursuit of knowledge that leads to not only life-saving innovations and technology, but also to furthering our understanding of our natural world and driving our philosophical pursuits.
The principle method of obtaining knowledge in ...
Measurement Of Solar Spectral Irradiance And Surface Ozone At Carrollton, Georgia, Usa, During The Great American Eclipse On 21 August 2017, Kirthi Tennakone, L Ajith Desilva, Charles A. Zander*, Shea Rose, Austin B. Kerlin
Georgia Journal of Science
Measurements conducted at the University of West Georgia, Carrollton, Georgia, during the time of the solar eclipse of 21st August 2017 demonstrated that the integrated spectral irradiance in defined wavelength ranges in the ultraviolet and visible calculated as a fraction of the total irradiance reached a minimum at maximum obscuration of the Sun, whereas in an infrared range it was maximum. The method of analysis adopted supports the view that the changes in spectral irradiance during highly obscured partial phases is a consequence of limb darkening. In a surface ozone measurement, a minimum in ozone concentration occurred 30 +_ ...
Phase Estimation In Linear And Nonlinear Interferometers, 2019 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College
Phase Estimation In Linear And Nonlinear Interferometers, Sushovit Adhikari
LSU Doctoral Dissertations
Phase estimation has a wide range of applications. Over the years, several strategies have been studied to improve precision in phase estimation. These strategies include using exotic quantum states to quantum detection schemes. This dissertation summarizes my effort in improving the precision of phase estimation with a linear and nonlinear interferometer.
Chapter 1 introduces quantum optics and quantum metrology. I introduce all relevant quantum states of light used. We also look into tools and terminologies of quantum metrology such as Fisher information, shot-noise limit, Heisenberg limit, etc., along with examples of phase estimation with a Mach-Zehnder interferometer.
In Chapter 2 ...
University Physics I: Classical Mechanics, 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
University Physics I: Classical Mechanics, Julio Gea-Banacloche
Open Educational Resources
This is a “minimalist” textbook for a first semester of university, calculus-based physics, covering classical mechanics (including one chapter on mechanical waves, but excluding fluids), plus a brief introduction to thermodynamics. The presentation owes much to Mazur’s The Principles and Practice of Physics: conservation laws, momentum and energy, are introduced before forces, and one-dimensional setups are thoroughly explored before two-dimensional systems are considered. It contains both problems and worked-out examples.
A Demonstration Of The Infrared Activity Of Carbon Dioxide, 2019 University of Pennsylvania
A Demonstration Of The Infrared Activity Of Carbon Dioxide, Philip Sieg, William Berner, Peter Harnish, Philip C. Nelson
Department of Physics Papers
Before they can talk meaningfully about anthropogenic climate change, students need to grasp basic principles of natural planetary climates, for example, the key role of trace atmospheric gases in setting surface temperature. We describe a dramatic demonstration that scales well for large audiences and that requires as little as ten classroom minutes to show the crucial difference between room air and carbon dioxide gas. Beyond its significance for public policy, the demonstration can serve as a springboard to motivate discussion of important physics concepts such as rotation and vibration spectra.
Measurement Of The Beam Spin Asymmetry Of →Ep → E'P'Η In The Deep-Inelastic Regime With Clas, 2019 Old Dominion University
Measurement Of The Beam Spin Asymmetry Of →Ep → E'P'Η In The Deep-Inelastic Regime With Clas, B. Zhao, A. Kim, K. Joo, I . Bedlinskiy, W. Kim, V. Kubarovsky, M. Ungaro, G. Gavalian, A. Klein, S. E. Kuhn, Clas Collaboration
Physics Faculty Publications
The beam spin asymmetry of the exclusive pseudoscalar channel →ep→e′p′η was measured for the first time in the deep-inelastic regime (W > 2 GeV/c2 and Q2 > 1 GeV2 /c2) using a longitudinally polarized 5.78 GeV electron beam at Jefferson Lab with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer. The data were accumulated in 144 four-dimensional bins of Q2, xB, −t and ϕ over a wide kinematic range, where ϕ is the azimuthal angle between the lepton and hadron scattering planes, The measured azimuthal dependence with large amplitudes of the sin ϕ moments ...
Evidence For Terahertz Acoustic Phonon Parametric Oscillator Based On Acousto-Optic Degenerate Four-Wave Mixing In A Silicon Doping Superlattice, Thomas E. Wilson
Physics Faculty Research
We report evidence for a 1.0-THz self-starting mirrorless acoustic phonon parametric oscillator (MAPPO) produced from acousto-optic phase-conjugate degenerate four-wave (D4WM) mixing in a THz laser-pumped silicon doping superlattice (DSL). The DSL was grown by molecular beam epitaxy on a (100) boron-doped silicon substrate. A superconducting NbTiN subwavelength grating was used to couple the THz laser radiation into the DSL. Superconducting granular aluminum bolometric detection, coupled with Si:B piezophonon spectroscopy, revealed excitation of THz coherent compressional and shear waves, along the ⟨111⟩ direction only. The Bragg scattering condition for distributed feedback, and the energy conservation requirement for the D4WM ...
Theoretical Studies Of Ultrafast Electron Dynamics In Atoms And Molecules Via High-Order Harmonic Generation, 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College
Theoretical Studies Of Ultrafast Electron Dynamics In Atoms And Molecules Via High-Order Harmonic Generation, Paul Abanador
Optical Micro-Seismometer Based On Evanescent Field Perturbation Of Whispering Gallery Modes, 2018 Southern Methodist University
Optical Micro-Seismometer Based On Evanescent Field Perturbation Of Whispering Gallery Modes, Jaime Da Silva
Mechanical Engineering Research Theses and Dissertations
This thesis proposes a light-weight, compact, and accurate optical micro-seismometer that could be used in many applications, such as planetary exploration. The sensor proposed here is based on the principle of whispering gallery optical mode (WGM) resonance shifts of a dielectric micro-resonator due to disturbances of its evanescent field. The micro-seismometer could be used in place of the traditional bulky seismometers. The design of a waveguide-resonator and mechanical structure to disturb the evanescent field are presented. A proof-of-concept a seismometer model that uses a 5µm ring resonator is numerically tested with actual seismic data. The results show that a WGM-based ...
Computational Spectroscopy Of C-Like Mg Vii, 2018 Atlanta University Center
Computational Spectroscopy Of C-Like Mg Vii, Saleh Allehabi
Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University
In this thesis, energy levels, lifetimes, oscillator strengths and transition probabilities of Mg VII have been calculated. The Hartree-Fock (HF) and Multiconfiguration Hartree-Fock (MCHF) methods were used in the calculations of these atomic properties. We have included relativistic operators mass correction, spin-orbit interaction, one body Darwin term and spin-other-orbit interaction in the Breit-Pauli Hamiltonian. The configurations, (1s2)2s22p2, 2s2p3,2p4, 2s22p3s, 2s22p3p,2s2p2(4P)3s and 2s22p3d which correspond to 52 fine-structure levels, were included in the atomic model for the Mg VII ions. The present ...
Dynamical Electron Vortices In Attosecond Double Photoionization Of H2, 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Dynamical Electron Vortices In Attosecond Double Photoionization Of H2, Jean Marcel Ngoko Djiokap, A. V. Meremianin, N. L. Manakov, L. B. Madsen, S. X. Hu, Anthony F. Starace
Anthony F. Starace Publications
We study electron momentum vortices in single-photon double ionization of H2 by time-delayed, counterrotating, elliptically polarized attosecond pulses propagating along kˆ either parallel or perpendicular to the molecular axis R. For kˆ | R, kinematical vortices occur similar to those found for He. For kˆ ⊥ R, we find dynamical vortex structures originating from an ellipticity-dependent interplay of 1∑+u and 1∏+u continuum amplitudes. We propose a complete experiment to determine the magnitudes and relative phase of these amplitudes by varying pulse ellipticities and time delays.
Computational Techniques For Scattering Amplitudes, 2018 CUNY New York City College of Technology
Computational Techniques For Scattering Amplitudes, Juliano A. Everett
Publications and Research
Scattering amplitudes in quantum field theory can be described as the probability of a scattering process to happen within a high energy particle interaction, as well as a bridge between experimental measurements and the prediction of the theory.
In this research project, we explore the Standard Model of Particle Theory, it’s representation in terms of Feynman diagrams and the algebraic formulas associated with each combination.
Using the FeynArts program as a tool for generating Feynman diagrams, we evaluate the expressions of a set of physical processes, and explain why these techniques become necessary to achieve this goal.
Improving The State Selectivity Of Field Ionization With Quantum Control, 2018 Bryn Mawr College
Improving The State Selectivity Of Field Ionization With Quantum Control, Vincent C. Gregoric, Jason Bennett, Bianca R. Gualtieri, Ankitha Kannad, Zhimin Cheryl Liu, Zoe A. Rowley, Thomas J. Carroll, Michael W. Noel
Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications
The electron signals from the field ionization of two closely spaced Rydberg states of rubidium-85 are separated using quantum control. In selective field ionization, the state distribution of a collection of Rydberg atoms is measured by ionizing the atoms with a ramped electric field. Generally, atoms in higher energy states ionize at lower fields, so ionized electrons which are detected earlier in time can be correlated with higher energy Rydberg states. However, the resolution of this technique is limited by the Stark effect. As the electric field is increased, the electron encounters numerous avoided Stark level crossings which split the ...
Computational Modeling Of Radiation Interactions With Molecular Nitrogen, 2018 The University of Southern Mississippi
Computational Modeling Of Radiation Interactions With Molecular Nitrogen, Tyler Reese
The ability to detect radiation through identifying secondary effects it has on its surrounding medium would extend the range at which detections could be made and would be a valuable asset to many industries. The development of such a detection instrument requires an accurate prediction of these secondary effects. This research aims to improve on existing modeling techniques and help provide a method for predicting results for an affected medium in the presence of radioactive materials. A review of radioactivity and the interactions mechanisms for emitted particles as well as a brief history of the Monte Carlo Method and its ...
High-Performance Self-Powered Uv Detector Based On Sno2-Tio2 Nanomace Arrays, 2018 School of Physics and State Key Laboratory of Crystal MaterialsShandong UniversityJinanPeople’s Republic of China
High-Performance Self-Powered Uv Detector Based On Sno2-Tio2 Nanomace Arrays, Duo Chen, Lin Wei, Lingpan Meng, Yanxue Chen, Yufeng Tian, Shishen Yan, Liangmo Mei, Jun Jiao
Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations
Photoelectrochemical cell-typed self-powered UV detectors have attracted intensive research interest due to their low cost, simple fabrication process, and fast response. In this paper, SnO2-TiO2 nanomace arrays composed of SnO2 nanotube trunk and TiO2 nanobranches were prepared using soft chemical methods, and an environment-friendly self-powered UV photodetector using this nanostructure as the photoanode was assembled. Due to the synergistic effect of greatly accelerated electron-hole separation, enhanced surface area, and reduced charge recombination provided by SnO2-TiO2 nanomace array, the nanostructured detector displays an excellent performance over that based on bare SnO2 arrays. The impact of the growing time of TiO2 branches ...
Time-Resolved Double-Resonance Spectroscopy: Lifetime Measurement Of The 61Σ+G(7,31) Electronic State Of Molecular Sodium, Michael Saaranen, Dinesh Wagle, Emma Mclaughlin, Amelia Paladino, Seth T. Ashman, Burcin Bayram
Completely Top–Down Hierarchical Structure In Quantum Mechanics, 2018 Chapman University
Completely Top–Down Hierarchical Structure In Quantum Mechanics, Yakir Aharonov, Eliahu Cohen, Jeff Tollaksen
Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research
Can a large system be fully characterized using its subsystems via inductive reasoning? Is it possible to completely reduce the behavior of a complex system to the behavior of its simplest “atoms”? In this paper we answer these questions in the negative for a specific class of systems and measurements. After a general introduction of the topic, we present the main idea with a simple two-particle example, where strong correlations arise between two apparently empty boxes. This leads to surprising effects within atomic and electromagnetic systems. A general construction based on preand postselected ensembles is then suggested, wherein the Nbody ...
Sampling Complexity Of Bosonic Random Walkers On A One-Dimensional Lattice, 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus
Sampling Complexity Of Bosonic Random Walkers On A One-Dimensional Lattice, Gopikrishnan Muraleedharan, Akimasa Miyake, Ivan Deutsch
Shared Knowledge Conference
Computers based quantum logic are believed to solve problems faster and more efficiently than computers based on classical boolean logic. However, a large-scale universal quantum computer with error correction may not be realized in near future. But we can ask the question: can we devise a specific problem that a quantum device can solve faster than current state of the art super computers? One such problem is the so called "Boson Sampling" problem introduced by Aaronson and Arkhipov. The problem is to generate random numbers according to same distribution as the output number configurations of photons in linear optics. It ...
44 - Computational Techniques To Analyze The Nitrogen Second Positive System, 2018 Valdosta State University
44 - Computational Techniques To Analyze The Nitrogen Second Positive System, Bakari Bethea
Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)
One of the most easily identifiable parts of a nitrogen molecular emission spectra is the second positive system, which has strong emission bands between 300 nm and 400 nm. This system is often used to determine the gas temperature for electric discharges since the rotational temperature in most of these systems is very close to the actual gas temperature. However, when using these systems many researchers assume that the band intensity for middle range angular momentum quantum numbers can be fitted by a Boltzmann distribution. This assumption is only true if the system is in thermal dynamic equilibrium, which does ...
3 - The Zeeman Effect And Its Potential In Molecular Spectroscopy, 2018 Valdosta State University
3 - The Zeeman Effect And Its Potential In Molecular Spectroscopy, Megan L. Climer
Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)
Zeeman Effect and Its Potential in Molecular Spectroscopy
The Zeeman Effect is a splitting of energy levels or shells within an atom that is caused by an external magnetic field exerting torque on the electrons in the atom. The splitting itself is proportional to the strength of the magnetic field applied while the number of splits depends on the energy level of the atom itself. These splits can be observed in spectroscopy as distinct spectral lines that are formed in the place where only one was before. Studying this difference due to the magnetic field allows us to ...