Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,907 Full-Text Articles 4,509 Authors 435,719 Downloads 143 Institutions

All Articles in Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics

Faceted Search

1,907 full-text articles. Page 1 of 64.

Study Of The Geometric Structure Of Low-Atomic Copper Clusters Using Computer Simulation, Nodirbek Ikromjonovich Ibrokhimov 2021 Ferghana Polytechnic Institute

Study Of The Geometric Structure Of Low-Atomic Copper Clusters Using Computer Simulation, Nodirbek Ikromjonovich Ibrokhimov

Scientific-technical journal

In this work, we investigated the geometric structure of small neutral copper clusters with low energy using the MD (Molecular Dynamics) method. When calculating the processes of interatomic interaction, we used a potential EAM (Embedded-atom method). A computer model of Cun (n = 2-13) clusters has been created. The geometric shapes of the Cu2, Cu3, Cu4, Cu5, Cu6, Cu7, Cu8, Cu9, Cu10, Cu11, Cu12, and Cu13 clusters have been studied and the structural parameters (Cu-Cu bond distance) have been calculated. The results obtained in the computer model were ...


Voltage Controlled Néel Vector Rotation In Zero Magnetic Field, Ather Mahmood, Will Echtenkamp, Mike Street, Jun Lei Wang, Shi Cao, Takashi Komesu, Peter Dowben, Pratyush Buragohain, Haidong Lu, Alexei Gruverman, Arun Parthasarathy, Shaloo Rakheja, Christian Binek 2021 University of Nebraska–Lincoln

Voltage Controlled Néel Vector Rotation In Zero Magnetic Field, Ather Mahmood, Will Echtenkamp, Mike Street, Jun Lei Wang, Shi Cao, Takashi Komesu, Peter Dowben, Pratyush Buragohain, Haidong Lu, Alexei Gruverman, Arun Parthasarathy, Shaloo Rakheja, Christian Binek

Peter Dowben Publications

Multi-functional thin films of boron (B) doped Cr2O3 exhibit voltage-controlled and nonvolatile Néel vector reorientation in the absence of an applied magnetic field, H. Toggling of antiferromagnetic states is demonstrated in prototype device structures at CMOS compatible temperatures between 300 and 400 K. The boundary magnetization associated with the Néel vector orientation serves as state variable which is read via magnetoresistive detection in a Pt Hall bar adjacent to the B:Cr2O3 film. Switching of the Hall voltage between zero and non-zero values implies Néel vector rotation by 90 degrees. Combined magnetometry, spin resolved ...


Quantum State Tomography Of Molecules By Ultrafast Diffraction, Ming Zhang, Shuqiao Zhang, Yanwei Xiong, Hankai Zhang, Anatoly A. Ischenko, Oriol Vendrell, Xiaolong Dong, Xiangxu Mu, Martin Centurion, Haitan Xu, R. J.Dwayne Miller, Zheng Li 2021 Peking University

Quantum State Tomography Of Molecules By Ultrafast Diffraction, Ming Zhang, Shuqiao Zhang, Yanwei Xiong, Hankai Zhang, Anatoly A. Ischenko, Oriol Vendrell, Xiaolong Dong, Xiangxu Mu, Martin Centurion, Haitan Xu, R. J.Dwayne Miller, Zheng Li

Martin Centurion Publications

Ultrafast electron diffraction and time-resolved serial crystallography are the basis of the ongoing revolution in capturing at the atomic level of detail the structural dynamics of molecules. However, most experiments capture only the probability density of the nuclear wavepackets to determine the time-dependent molecular structures, while the full quantum state has not been accessed. Here, we introduce a framework for the preparation and ultrafast coherent diffraction from rotational wave packets of molecules, and we establish a new variant of quantum state tomography for ultrafast electron diffraction to characterize the molecular quantum states. The ability to reconstruct the density matrix, which ...


Ferromagnetic Resonances In Single-Crystal Yttrium Iron Garnet Nanofilms Fabricated By Metal-Organic Decomposition, Szu Fan Wang, Kayetan Chorazewicz, Suvechhya Lamichhane, Ronald A. Parrott, Stefano Cabrini, Peter Fischer, Noah Kent, John H. Turner, Takayuki Ishibashi, Zachary Parker Frohock, Jacob J. Wisser, Peng Li, Ruthi Zielinski, Bryce Herrington, Yuri Suzuki, Mingzhong Wu, Keiko Munechika, Carlos Pina-Hernandez, Robert Streubel, Allen A. Sweet 2021 University of California, Berkeley

Ferromagnetic Resonances In Single-Crystal Yttrium Iron Garnet Nanofilms Fabricated By Metal-Organic Decomposition, Szu Fan Wang, Kayetan Chorazewicz, Suvechhya Lamichhane, Ronald A. Parrott, Stefano Cabrini, Peter Fischer, Noah Kent, John H. Turner, Takayuki Ishibashi, Zachary Parker Frohock, Jacob J. Wisser, Peng Li, Ruthi Zielinski, Bryce Herrington, Yuri Suzuki, Mingzhong Wu, Keiko Munechika, Carlos Pina-Hernandez, Robert Streubel, Allen A. Sweet

Robert Streubel Papers

Tunable microwave and millimeter wave oscillators and bandpass filters with ultra-low phase noise play a critical role in electronic devices, including wireless communication, microelectronics, and quantum computing. Magnetic materials, such as yttrium iron garnet (YIG), possess ultra-low phase noise and a ferromagnetic resonance tunable up to tens of gigahertz. Here, we report structural and magnetic properties of single-crystal 60 and 130 nm-thick YIG films prepared by metal-organic decomposition epitaxy. These films, consisting of multiple homoepitaxially grown monolayers, are atomically flat and possess magnetic properties similar to those grown with liquid-phase epitaxy, pulsed laser deposition, and sputtering. Our approach does not ...


Conformer-Specific Photochemistry Imaged In Real Space And Time, E. G. Champenois, D. M. Sanchez, J. Yang, J. P. Figueira Nunes, A. Attar, Martin Centurion, R. Forbes, M. Gühr, K. Hegazy, F. Ji, S. K. Saha, Y. Liu, M. F. Lin, D. Luo, B. Moore, X. Shen, M. R. Ware, Xijie Wang, T. J. Martínez, Thomas J. A. Wolf 2021 SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Conformer-Specific Photochemistry Imaged In Real Space And Time, E. G. Champenois, D. M. Sanchez, J. Yang, J. P. Figueira Nunes, A. Attar, Martin Centurion, R. Forbes, M. Gühr, K. Hegazy, F. Ji, S. K. Saha, Y. Liu, M. F. Lin, D. Luo, B. Moore, X. Shen, M. R. Ware, Xijie Wang, T. J. Martínez, Thomas J. A. Wolf

Martin Centurion Publications

Conformational isomers (conformers) of molecules play a decisive role in biology and organic chemistry. However, experimental methods for investigating chemical reaction dynamics are typically not conformersensitive. We report on a gas-phase megaelectronvolt ultrafast electron diffraction investigation of a-phellandrene undergoing an electrocyclic ring-opening reaction. We directly imaged the evolution of a specific set of a-phellandrene conformers into the product isomer predicted by the Woodward-Hoffmann rules in real space and time. Our experimental results are in quantitative agreement with nonadiabatic quantum molecular dynamics simulations, which provide considerable detail of how conformation influences the time scale and quantum efficiency of photoinduced ring-opening reactions ...


Wave Function Identity: A New Symmetry For 2-Electron Systems In An Electromagnetic Field, Marlina Slamet, Viraht Sahni 2021 Sacred Heart University

Wave Function Identity: A New Symmetry For 2-Electron Systems In An Electromagnetic Field, Marlina Slamet, Viraht Sahni

Publications and Research

Stationary-state Schrödinger-Pauli theory is a description of electrons with a spin moment in an external electromagnetic field. For 2-electron systems as described by the Schrödinger-Pauli theory Hamiltonian with a symmetrical binding potential, we report a new symmetry operation of the electronic coordinates. The symmetry operation is such that it leads to the equality of the transformed wave function to the wave function. This equality is referred to as the Wave Function Identity. The symmetry operation is a two-step process: an interchange of the spatial coordinates of the electrons whilst keeping their spin moments unchanged, followed by an inversion. The Identity ...


Magnetic Field Perturbations To A Soft X-Ray-Activated Fe (Ii) Molecular Spin State Transition, Guanhua Hao, Alpha T. N’diaye, Thilini K. Ekanayaka, Ashley S. Dale, Xuanyuan Jiang, Esha Mishra, Corbyn Mellinger, Saeed Yazdani, John W. Freeland, Jian Zhang, Ruihua Cheng, Xiaoshan Xu, Peter Dowben 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Magnetic Field Perturbations To A Soft X-Ray-Activated Fe (Ii) Molecular Spin State Transition, Guanhua Hao, Alpha T. N’Diaye, Thilini K. Ekanayaka, Ashley S. Dale, Xuanyuan Jiang, Esha Mishra, Corbyn Mellinger, Saeed Yazdani, John W. Freeland, Jian Zhang, Ruihua Cheng, Xiaoshan Xu, Peter Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

The X-ray-induced spin crossover transition of an Fe (II) molecular thin film in the presence and absence of a magnetic field has been investigated. The thermal activation energy barrier in the soft X-ray activation of the spin crossover transition for [Fe{H2B(pz)2 }2 (bipy)] molecular thin films is reduced in the presence of an applied magnetic field, as measured through X-ray absorption spectroscopy at various temperatures. The influence of a 1.8 T magnetic field is sufficient to cause deviations from the expected exponential spin state transition behavior which is measured in the field free case ...


Giant Transport Anisotropy In Res2 Revealed Via Nanoscale Conducting-Path Control, Dawei Li, Shuo Sun, Jingfeng Song, Ding-Fu Shao, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Stephen Ducharme, Xia Hong 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Giant Transport Anisotropy In Res2 Revealed Via Nanoscale Conducting-Path Control, Dawei Li, Shuo Sun, Jingfeng Song, Ding-Fu Shao, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Stephen Ducharme, Xia Hong

Stephen Ducharme Publications

The low in-plane symmetry in layered 1T’-ReS2 results in strong band anisotropy, while its manifestation in the electronic properties is challenging to resolve due to the lack of effective approaches for controlling the local current path. In this work, we reveal the giant transport anisotropy in monolayer to four-layer ReS2 by creating directional conducting paths via nanoscale ferroelectric control. By reversing the polarization of a ferroelectric polymer top layer, we induce a conductivity switching ratio of >1.5 × 108 in the ReS2 channel at 300 K. Characterizing the domain-defined conducting nanowires in an insulating background shows that ...


Spontaneous Fluctuations In A Magnetic Fe/Gd Skyrmion Lattice, M. H. Seaberg, B. Holladay, S. A. Montoya, X. Y. Zheng, J. C.T. Lee, A. H. Reid, J. D. Koralek, L. Shen, V. Esposito, G. Coslovich, P. Walter, S. Zohar, V. Thampy, M. F. Lin, P. Hart, K. Nakahara, R. Streubel, S. D. Kevan, P. Fischer, W. Colocho, A. Lutman, F. J. Decker, E. E. Fullerton, M. Dunne, S. Roy, S. K. Sinha, J. J. Turner 2021 SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Spontaneous Fluctuations In A Magnetic Fe/Gd Skyrmion Lattice, M. H. Seaberg, B. Holladay, S. A. Montoya, X. Y. Zheng, J. C.T. Lee, A. H. Reid, J. D. Koralek, L. Shen, V. Esposito, G. Coslovich, P. Walter, S. Zohar, V. Thampy, M. F. Lin, P. Hart, K. Nakahara, R. Streubel, S. D. Kevan, P. Fischer, W. Colocho, A. Lutman, F. J. Decker, E. E. Fullerton, M. Dunne, S. Roy, S. K. Sinha, J. J. Turner

Robert Streubel Papers

Magnetic skyrmions are topological spin textures that exhibit classical or quantum quasiparticle behavior. A substantial amount of research has occurred in this field, both because of their unique electromagnetic properties and potential application for future nonvolatile memory storage applications, as well as fundamental questions on their topology and unique magnetic phases. Here, we investigate the fluctuation properties of a magnetic Fe/Gd skyrmion lattice, using short-pulsed x rays. We first measure spontaneous fluctuations of the skyrmion lattice phase and find an inherent, collective mode showing an underdamped oscillation with a relaxation of a couple of nanoseconds. Further observations track the ...


Nonlinear Optical Studies Of Interfacial Ferroelectricity And Strain Distribution In Perovskite Dielectric Films, Tony Le 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Nonlinear Optical Studies Of Interfacial Ferroelectricity And Strain Distribution In Perovskite Dielectric Films, Tony Le

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Dielectric and ferroelectric perovskite films have been model energy storage structures for their low-dielectric loss, extremely high charge-discharge speed, and good temperature stability, yet there is still much to understand about the material’s limitations. This dissertation presents a detailed understanding of the strain-induced ferroelectricity at the boundary between a strontium titanate (SrTiO3) ultrathin film epitaxially grown on a germanium (Ge) substrate through optical second harmonic generation (SHG), and the polydomain distribution in the Zr-doped BaTiO3 (BZT) films by time-resolved pump-probe spectroscopy.

First, SHG measurements were performed to reveal interfacial ferroelectricity in the epitaxial SrTiO3/Ge (100 ...


Development Of A Low Field Mri-Based Approach For Observation Of Water Penetration Into Clay: Preliminary Results, Shivam Gupta 2021 Western University

Development Of A Low Field Mri-Based Approach For Observation Of Water Penetration Into Clay: Preliminary Results, Shivam Gupta

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are considered one of the most efficient and non-invasive methods of observing water content in permeable substances. MRI can visualize and quantify the movement of water in real time. In this study, MRI was used to observe the water penetration through clay. Furthermore, MRI can acquire three-dimensional data due to its radio-frequency signals from any orientation. The contrast of the images produced by MRI is a display of the fluid concentration. As such, any change in the contrast intensity is interpreted as a regional change in the concentration of fluid. This report summarizes the preliminary results ...


Simulating 129-Xe Hyperpolarization, Jacob F. Abiad 2021 Western University

Simulating 129-Xe Hyperpolarization, Jacob F. Abiad

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Hyperpolarized 129-Xe is an important resource in many fields of medical physics and MRI research. The physics of the efficient production of hyperpolarized 129-Xe is therefore equally worth investigation. The main process of hyperpolarizing 129-Xe is Spin Exchange Optical Pumping (SEOP) and is dependent on several physical factors that can be difficult to constantly change in a lab setting. Physical modelling of 129-Xe hyperpolarization allows for the more efficient testing of hyperpolarization physics in a wide array of experimental setups to better determine the optimal values for hyperpolarization. This research project attempted to create a working model for 129-Xe hyperpolarization ...


Beam Formation And Vernier Steering Off Of A Rough Surface, Eric K. Nagamine, Kenneth W. Burgi, Samuel D. Butler 2021 Air Force Institute of Technology

Beam Formation And Vernier Steering Off Of A Rough Surface, Eric K. Nagamine, Kenneth W. Burgi, Samuel D. Butler

Faculty Publications

Wavefront shaping can refocus light after it reflects from an optically rough surface. One proposed use case of this effect is in indirect imaging; if any rough surface could be turned into an illumination source, objects out of the direct line of sight could be illuminated. In this paper, we demonstrate the superior performance of a genetic algorithm compared to other iterative feedback-based wavefront shaping algorithms in achieving reflective inverse diffusion for a focal plane system. Next, the ability to control the pointing direction of the refocused beam with high precision over a narrow angular range is demonstrated, though the ...


Fabrication Of Specialized Scintillators For Nuclear Security Applications, Cordell James Delzer 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Fabrication Of Specialized Scintillators For Nuclear Security Applications, Cordell James Delzer

Doctoral Dissertations

Radiation detectors are important for a variety of fields including medical imaging, oil drilling, and nuclear security. Within nuclear security, they can serve a multitude of purposes whether that be imaging, localization, isotopic identification, or even just activity measurement. Even without directly seeing a nuclear material it is often able to notice their existence without a detector. Scintillators make up an important part of these detectors due to their large intrinsic efficiency, low cost, large volume, and relatively low upkeep. Due to the importance of the large number of purposes these scintillators may be used for, it can often be ...


A Combined Theoretical And Photoelectron Spectroscopy Study Of Al3hn- (N=1-9) Clusters, Jing Xu, Xinxing Zhang, Haopeng Wang, Lijuan Fu, Xiang Li, Andrej Grubisic, Rachel M. Harris, Bryan Eichhorn, Gerd Gantefoer, Yihong Ding, Boggavarapu Kiran, Anil K. Kandalam, Kit H. Bowen 2021 Jilin University

A Combined Theoretical And Photoelectron Spectroscopy Study Of Al3hn- (N=1-9) Clusters, Jing Xu, Xinxing Zhang, Haopeng Wang, Lijuan Fu, Xiang Li, Andrej Grubisic, Rachel M. Harris, Bryan Eichhorn, Gerd Gantefoer, Yihong Ding, Boggavarapu Kiran, Anil K. Kandalam, Kit H. Bowen

Physics & Engineering Faculty Publications

Combined photoelectron spectroscopic experiments and computational studies have been performed on Al3Hn- (n=1-9) clusters. Three modes of hydrogen bonding to the Al-3 moiety have been observed: terminal, bridging, and capping. Among various hydrides, Al3H5- and Al3H8- clusters have highest HOMO-LUMO gap and largest electron affinity, respectively. Our studies indicate that as the number of hydrogen atoms increase the presence of AlH2 groups, representing the tetrahedral coordination of the Al atom, which in turn led to the stoichiometric ring structure.


Modeling Of Argon Bombardment And Densification Of Low Temperature Organic Precursors Using Reactive Md Simulations And Machine Learning, Kwabena Asante-Boahen 2021 Missouri State University

Modeling Of Argon Bombardment And Densification Of Low Temperature Organic Precursors Using Reactive Md Simulations And Machine Learning, Kwabena Asante-Boahen

MSU Graduate Theses

In this study, an important aspect of the synthesis process for a-BxC:Hy was systematically modeled by utilizing the Reactive Molecular Dynamics (MD) in modeling the argon bombardment from the orthocarborane molecules as the precursor. The MD simulations are used to assess the dynamics associated with the free radicals that result from the ion bombardment. By applying the Data Mining/Machine Learning analysis into the datasets generated from the large reactive MD simulations, I was able to identify and quality the kinetics of these radicals. Overall, this approach allows for a better understanding of the overall mechanism at the atomistic ...


54fe(D,P)55fe Single Neutron Transfer Presentation, Matthew Quirin, Raymond Saunders 2021 Ursinus College

54fe(D,P)55fe Single Neutron Transfer Presentation, Matthew Quirin, Raymond Saunders

Physics and Astronomy Presentations

During our summer research at the John D Fox Laboratory, we used the 9 MV Tandem van de Graaff accelerator and the Super Enge Split-Pole Spectrograph to make measurements of the neutron transfer reaction 54Fe(d,p) 55Fe to observe and explore excited states of 55Fe and shell structure beyond the magic number N=28. We have created momentum spectra and angular distribution plots of the protons from the reaction which will be analyzed to determine the angular momentum values of states and single-neutron energies in 55Fe in an effort to better understand nuclear structure.


Publications Of Paul D. Burrow, Paul Burrow 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Publications Of Paul D. Burrow, Paul Burrow

Paul Burrow Publications

A chronological list of 111 publications (1967-2014), with links to public access copies of 50 or more in the UNL Digital Commons. Updated as of 6/18/2021.


Self-Contained Photon Coincidence Counting With National Instruments Myrio Ecosystem, Georges Mason Edouard Oates Larsen, Andres H. La Rosa 2021 Portland State University

Self-Contained Photon Coincidence Counting With National Instruments Myrio Ecosystem, Georges Mason Edouard Oates Larsen, Andres H. La Rosa

University Honors Theses

Digital coincidence counting units (CCU) have made experimental verification of fundamental quantum mechanical principles financially accessible to undergraduate level teaching programs. However, recent implementations of these systems are not easily ported to National Instruments (NI) FPGAs, making them unsuitable for physics departments that have heavily invested in the NI ecosystem. Therefore, there is clear need for a detailed implementation based on an NI FPGA. We present a formal description of one such implementation, based on the NI myRIO (NI's lower-cost, student-oriented offering) which achieves 6.9 ns minimum guaranteed-distinguishable delay and 32.2 MHz peak coincidence counting rate with ...


The Design Of The N2edm Experiment, N. J. Ayres, G. Ban, L. Bienstman, G. Bison, K. Bodek, V. Bondar, T. Bouillaud, E. Chanel, J. Chen, P.-J. Chiu, B. Clément, C. B. Crawford, M. Daum, B. Dechenaux, C. B. Doorenbos, S. Emmenegger, L. Ferraris-Bouchez, M. Fertl, A. Fratangelo, P. Flaux 2021 ETH Zürich, Switzerland

The Design Of The N2edm Experiment, N. J. Ayres, G. Ban, L. Bienstman, G. Bison, K. Bodek, V. Bondar, T. Bouillaud, E. Chanel, J. Chen, P.-J. Chiu, B. Clément, C. B. Crawford, M. Daum, B. Dechenaux, C. B. Doorenbos, S. Emmenegger, L. Ferraris-Bouchez, M. Fertl, A. Fratangelo, P. Flaux

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We present the design of a next-generation experiment, n2EDM, currently under construction at the ultracold neutron source at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) with the aim of carrying out a high-precision search for an electric dipole moment of the neutron. The project builds on experience gained with the previous apparatus operated at PSI until 2017, and is expected to deliver an order of magnitude better sensitivity with provision for further substantial improvements. An overview is of the experimental method and setup is given, the sensitivity requirements for the apparatus are derived, and its technical design is described.


Digital Commons powered by bepress