Erratum: "Imaging The Three‐Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri‐Spot Point Spread Function", 2019 Washington University in St Louis
Erratum: "Imaging The Three‐Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri‐Spot Point Spread Function", Oumeng Zhang, Jin Lu, Tianben Ding, Matthew D. Lew
Electrical & Systems Engineering Publications and Presentations
In the original paper, a calibration error exists in the image-formation model used to analyze experimental images taken by our microscope, causing a bias in the orientation measurements in Figs. 2 and 3. The updated measurements are shown in Fig. E1. We have also updated the supplementary material for the original article to discuss the revised PSF model and estimation algorithms (supplementary material 2) and show the revised model and measurements (Figs. S1, S3, S7, S8, and S10–S13).
Picosecond Time-Resolved Dynamics Of Energy Transfer Between Gan And The Various Excited States Of Eu3+ Ions, Ruoqiao Wei, Brandon Mitchell, Dolf Timmerman, Tom Gregorkiewicz, Wanxin Zhu, Jun Tatebayashi, Shuhei Ichikawa, Yasufumi Fujiwara, Volkmar Dierolf
To elucidate the energy transfer and reexcitation processes in Eu-doped GaN layers that are used in recently developed, highly efficient red light-emitting diodes, a systematic series of photoluminescence and time-resolved photoluminescence (TR-PL) measurements was performed. Critical insights on how “slow” Eu processes (∼µs) can compete against fast semiconductor processes (∼ps) are revealed using TR-PL with a high temporal resolution, as it is found that the initial energy transfer from GaN to the Eu3+ ions takes place rapidly, on a timescale of <100 ps. Below band-gap resonant excitation was used to identify the states into which the energy transfer occurs. For the most efficient Eu defect complexes, this transfer dominantly occurs directly into the 5 D0 state of Eu3+. Less efficient complexes also exhibit transfer into the 5 D2 state, the emission of which can be detected using photoluminescence at low temperature, indicating the importance of the excitation pathway on device efficiency. Under high excitation intensity, reexcitation can also occur, leading to a redistribution of population into the 5 D2, 5 D1, or 5 D0 states.
Using Controlled Disorder To Probe The Interplay Between Charge Order And Superconductivity In Nbse2, 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory
Using Controlled Disorder To Probe The Interplay Between Charge Order And Superconductivity In Nbse2, Kyuil Cho, M. Kończykowski, Serafim Teknowijoyo, Makariy A. Tanatar, J. Guss, P. B. Gartin, John M. Wilde, A. Kreyssig, Robert Mcqueeney, Alan I. Goldman, V. Mishra, P. J. Hirschfeld, Ruslan Prozorov
A. I. Goldman
The interplay between superconductivity and charge-density wave (CDW) in 2H-NbSe2 is not fully understood despite decades of study. Artificially introduced disorder can tip the delicate balance between two competing long-range orders, and reveal the underlying interactions that give rise to them. Here we introduce disorder by electron irradiation and measure in-plane resistivity, Hall resistivity, X-ray scattering, and London penetration depth. With increasing disorder, the superconducting transition temperature, Tc, varies non-monotonically, whereas the CDW transition temperature, TCDW, monotonically decreases and becomes unresolvable above a critical irradiation dose where Tcdrops sharply. Our results imply that the CDW ...
Structure, Stability And Vibrational Properties Of Cdse Wurtzite Molecules And Nanocrystals: A Dft Study, 2019 Ministry of Science and Technology
Structure, Stability And Vibrational Properties Of Cdse Wurtzite Molecules And Nanocrystals: A Dft Study, Mudar A. Abdulsattar, Hayder M. Abduljalil, Hussein Hakim Abed
Karbala International Journal of Modern Science
Bare and hydrogen passivated CdSe wurtzite molecules and nanostructures are investigated. The investigation is performed using wurtzoid structures that represent the wurtzite structure at the molecular and nanoscale region. The results show that the energy gap of bare and hydrogen passivated CdSe molecules is higher than and converges to the experimental bulk energy gap. Vibrational analysis of wurtzoid molecules shows that the experimental longitudinal optical mode is in between bare and hydrogen passivated CdSe molecules and very near to bare molecules. The stability of wurtzoid molecules against transition to CdSe diamondoids and cuboids that represent the molecular scale of diamond ...
Laser Cooling With Adiabatic Transfer On A Raman Transition, 2019 JILA/CU-Boulder
Laser Cooling With Adiabatic Transfer On A Raman Transition, Graham Greve, Baochen Wu, James K. Thompson
JILA Faculty Contributions
Sawtooth Wave Adiabatic Passage (SWAP) laser cooling was recently demonstrated using a narrow-linewidth single-photon optical transition in atomic strontium and may prove useful for cooling other atoms and molecules. However, many atoms and molecules lack the appropriate narrow optical transition. Here we use such an atom, 87Rb, to demonstrate that two-photon Raman transitions with arbitrarily-tunable linewidths can be used to achieve 1D SWAP cooling without significantly populating the intermediate excited state. Unlike SWAP cooling on a narrow transition, Raman SWAP cooling allows for a final 1D temperature well below the Doppler cooling limit (here, 25 times lower); and the ...
Using Forensics To Introduce Ir Spectroscopy & Molecular Modeling, 2019 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy
Using Forensics To Introduce Ir Spectroscopy & Molecular Modeling, Joe Golab
Faculty Publications & Research
A student activity is reported that analyzes “medical evidence” with experimental and computational methods. The lesson demonstrates benefits of solving practical problems with integrated tools.
A Brief Review Of Modern Uses Of Scattering Techniques, 2019 Valdosta State University
A Brief Review Of Modern Uses Of Scattering Techniques, Daniel M. Wade, Dereth J. Drake
Georgia Journal of Science
Thomson, Rayleigh, Mie, and Raman scattering are commonly used in several disciplines in science and engineering. The techniques involve the scattering of electromagnetic radiation or particles in a sample. This paper provides a brief history for each scattering method, describes the traditional laboratory approach for implementation, and discusses current uses and variations of these four techniques.
Performance Of Plastic Electron Optics Components Fabricated Using A 3d Printer, 2019 University of Nebraska–Lincoln
Performance Of Plastic Electron Optics Components Fabricated Using A 3d Printer, Phillip Wiebe, Peter Beierle, Hua-Chieh Shao, Bret Gergely, Anthony F. Starace, Herman Batelaan
Anthony F. Starace Publications
We show images produced by an electron beam deflector, a quadrupole lens and a einzel lens fabricated from conducting and non-conducting plastic using a 3D printer. Despite the difficulties associated with the use of plastics in vacuum, such as outgassing, poor conductivity, and print defects, the devices were used successfully in vacuum to steer, stretch and focus electron beams to millimeter diameters. Simulations indicate that much smaller focus spot sizes might be possible for such 3D-printed plastic electron lenses taking into account some possible surface defects. This work was motivated by our need to place electron optical components in difficult-to-access ...
Analytic Generalized Description Of A Perturbative Nonparaxial Elegant Laguerre-Gaussian Phasor For Ultrashort Pulses In The Time Domain, 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Analytic Generalized Description Of A Perturbative Nonparaxial Elegant Laguerre-Gaussian Phasor For Ultrashort Pulses In The Time Domain, Andrew Vikartofsky, Ethan C. Jahns, Anthony F. Starace
Anthony F. Starace Publications
An analytic expression for a polychromatic phasor representing an arbitrarily short elegant Laguerre-Gauss (eLG) laser pulse of any spot size and LG mode is presented in the time domain as a nonrecursive, closed-form perturbative expansion valid to any order of perturbative correction. This phasor enables the calculation of the complex electromagnetic fields for such beams without requiring the evaluation of any Fourier integrals. It is thus straightforward to implement in analytical or numerical applications involving eLG pulses.
High Resolution Validation Of Next Generation Turbulent Flow Models Using Neutron Beams, Laser Fluorescence, And Cryogenic Helium, 2019 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
High Resolution Validation Of Next Generation Turbulent Flow Models Using Neutron Beams, Laser Fluorescence, And Cryogenic Helium, Landen G Mcdonald
EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement
Turbulent fluid flow is an incredibly unpredictable subject that continues to confound scientists and engineers. All of the empirical data that has been the basis of conventional turbulent computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models for decades only extends to roughly the equivalent turbulence created when Michael Phelps swims in a pool. The problem is that this data is then extrapolated out many orders of magnitude in order to design cruise ships, airplanes, and rockets which operate in significantly more turbulent flow regimes. This creates an incredible degree of uncertainty in the design process that demands over-engineering and increased expenditures.
The development ...
Analytic Description Of High-Order Harmonic Generation In The Adiabatic Limit With Application To An Initial S State In An Intense Bicircular Laser Pulse, 2019 Voronezh State University, Russia
Analytic Description Of High-Order Harmonic Generation In The Adiabatic Limit With Application To An Initial S State In An Intense Bicircular Laser Pulse, M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, A. A. Minina, A. A. Silaev, N. V. Vvedenskii, M. Yu. Ivanov, Anthony F. Starace
Anthony F. Starace Publications
An analytic description of high-order harmonic generation (HHG) is proposed in the adiabatic (low-frequency) limit for an initial s state and a laser field having an arbitrary wave form. The approach is based on the two-state time-dependent effective range theory and is extended to the case of neutral atoms and positively charged ions by introducing ad hoc the Coulomb corrections for HHG. The resulting closed analytical form for the HHG amplitude is discussed in terms of real classical trajectories. The accuracy of the results of our analytic model is demonstrated by comparison with numerical solutions of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation ...
Large-Scale Atomistic Simulations Of Complex And Functional Properties Of Ferroic Materials, 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Large-Scale Atomistic Simulations Of Complex And Functional Properties Of Ferroic Materials, Raymond Thomas Walter
Theses and Dissertations
Ferroelectric (FE) nanostructures have attracted considerable attention as our abilities improve to synthesize them and to predict their properties by theoretical means. Depolarizing field effects at interfaces of FE heterostructures are particularly notable for causing topological defects such as FE vortices and negative dielectric responses in superlattices. In this thesis, I employ two large-scale atomistic techniques, the first-principles-based effective Hamiltonian (HEff) method and the linear-scaling three-dimensional fragment (LS3DF) method. I use these methods to explore optical rotation in FE vortices, electro-optic effects in FE vortices and skyrmions, and voltage amplification via negative capacitance in ferroelectric-paraelectric superlattices. We employ HEff in ...
Measuring Magnetic Field Gradients Using Electromagnetically Induced Transparency In Rb Vapor, Ravn Jenkins
Undergraduate Honors Theses
We demonstrate a new method for measuring magnetic gradients in the presence of large constant magnetic fields using electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium vapor. As the Earth provides a near-constant magnetic field of 25-50 µT, most measurements of small magnetic fields involve subtracting or shielding the Earth's field. Our method can measure small gradients in the presence of large magnetic fields using Electromagnetically Induced Transparency in 87Rb. By comparing the resonances of two laser beams in a dual-rail arrangement propagating through rubidium vapor in a spatially changing magnetic field, we are able to measure a constant gradient of ...
Free Electron Sources And Diffraction In Time, 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Free Electron Sources And Diffraction In Time, Eric R. Jones
Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy
The quantum revolution of the last century advanced synergistically with technology, for example, with control of the temporal and spatial coherence, and the polarization state of light. Indeed, experimental confirmation of the quirks of quantum theory, as originally highlighted by Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen, through Bohm, and then Bell, have been performed with photons, i.e., electromagnetic wave packets prepared in the same quantum states. Experimental tests of quantum mechanics with matter wave packets have been limited due to challenges in preparing all of the packets with similar quantum states. While great strides have been made for trapped atoms and ...
A Theoretical Investigation Of Small Organic Molecules On Transition Metal Surfaces, 2019 University of Central Florida
A Theoretical Investigation Of Small Organic Molecules On Transition Metal Surfaces, Walter Malone
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
With the ever growing number of proposed desnity functional theory (DFT) functionals it becomes necessary to thoroughly screen any new method to determine its merit. Especially relevant methods include a proper description of the van der Waals (vdW) interaction, which can prove vital to a correct description of a myriad of systems of technological importance. The first part of this dissertation explores the utility of several vdW-inclusive DFT functionals including optB86b-vdW, optB88-vdW, optPBE-vdW, revPBE-vdW, rPW86-vdW2, and SCAN+rVV10 by applying them to model systems of small organic molecules, pyridine and thiophene, on transition metal surfaces. Overall, we find the optB88-vdW ...
Chemistry And Dissipation At Mineral Surfaces In The Space Environment, 2019 University of Central Florida
Chemistry And Dissipation At Mineral Surfaces In The Space Environment, William Tucker
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The composition and morphology of mineral surfaces is known to play an important role in various phenomena relevant to planetary science. For example, the synthesis and processing of complex organics likely occurs at mineral surfaces strongly affected by the space environment. Furthermore, the dissipative and adhesive properties of dust grains may depend strongly on the chemical state of the surface including the presence of dangling bonds, adsorbates, and radicals. In this dissertation, experimental results are first presented which demonstrate that mineral grains subjected to high temperatures in a reducing environment lead to iron nanoparticles which are strongly catalytic for the ...
High Resolution Near-Infrared/Visible Intracavity Laser Spectroscopy Of Small Molecules, 2019 University of Missouri-St. Louis
High Resolution Near-Infrared/Visible Intracavity Laser Spectroscopy Of Small Molecules, Jack Harms
Intracavity laser spectroscopy has been used to study the electronic structure of several small molecules. The molecules studied as part of this dissertation include germanium hydride (GeH), copper oxide (CuO), nickel chloride (NiCl), platinum fluoride (PtF), platinum chloride (PtCl), and copper hydroxide (CuOH). This work encompasses five peer-reviewed publications and two submitted manuscripts.
Roadmap On Superoscillations, 2019 University of Bristol
Roadmap On Superoscillations, Michael Berry, Nicolay Zheludev, Yakir Aharonov, Fabrizio Colombo, Irene Sabadini, Daniele C. Struppa, Jeff Tollaksen, Edward T. F. Rogers, Fei Qin, Minghui Hong, Xiangang Luo, Roei Remez, Ady Arie, Jörg B. Götte, Mark R. Dennis, Alex M. H. Wong, George V. Eleftheriades, Yaniv Eliezer, Alon Bahabad, Gang Chen, Zhongquan Wen, Gaofeng Liang, Chenglong Hao, C-W Qiu, Achim Kempf, Eytan Katzav, Moshe Schwartz
Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research
Superoscillations are band-limited functions with the counterintuitive property that they can vary arbitrarily faster than their fastest Fourier component, over arbitrarily long intervals. Modern studies originated in quantum theory, but there were anticipations in radar and optics. The mathematical understanding—still being explored—recognises that functions are extremely small where they superoscillate; this has implications for information theory. Applications to optical vortices, sub-wavelength microscopy and related areas of nanoscience are now moving from the theoretical and the demonstrative to the practical. This Roadmap surveys all these areas, providing background, current research, and anticipating future developments.
Quantum Advantages Quantum Algorithm For Finding The Minimum, 2019 Lake Forest College
Quantum Advantages Quantum Algorithm For Finding The Minimum, Binam Bajracharya
Theories about quantum computers and how they would work have been around for a few decades. Peter Shor and Lov Grover even came up with algorithms during the 1990s when the idea of building a quantum computer was far-fetched. We are now at a point where our processors are getting faster and smaller, only a few nanometres thick. This obviously has its limits. Big companies like Google, Microsoft, and IBM are at a point where their quantum computers are equivalent to the room sized computers that we see in some old pictures. Here we build up the necessary background required ...
Perturbative Generalization Of Nonparaxial Ultrashort Tightly-Focused Elegant Laguerre-Gaussian Beams, 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Perturbative Generalization Of Nonparaxial Ultrashort Tightly-Focused Elegant Laguerre-Gaussian Beams, Andrew M. Vikartofsky
Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy
An analytical method for calculating the electromagnetic fields of a nonparaxial elegant Laguerre-Gaussian (eLG) vortex beam is presented for arbitrary pulse duration, spot size, and LG mode. This perturbative approach provides a numerically tractable model for the calculation of arbitrarily high radial and azimuthal LG modes in the nonparaxial regime, without requiring integral representations of the fields. A key feature of this perturbative model is its use of a Poisson-like frequency spectrum, which allows for the proper description of pulses of arbitrarily short duration. The time-domain representation of this model is presented as a non-recursive closed-form expression to any order ...