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974 full-text articles. Page 1 of 31.

Stacking 2d Materials, Michael Hernandez, John C. Mann 2017 Pepperdine University

Stacking 2d Materials, Michael Hernandez, John C. Mann

Seaver College Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium

Monolayer Transition Metal Dichalcogenides are atomically thin semi-conductors that are considered quasi 2D materials due to their extremely small thickness. It has been observed that atomically thin crystals exhibit different physical properties than their bulk counterparts due to quantum confinement effects. We are attempting discover new physical properties by developing a technique to stack two different monolayer crystals, MoS2 and MoSe2.


Enhancement Of The Superconducting Gap By Nesting In Cakfe4as4: A New High Temperature Superconductor, Daixiang Mou, Tai Kong, William R. Meier, Felix Lochner, Lin-Lin Wang, Qisheng Lin, Yun Wu, S. L. Bud’ko, Ilya Eremin, Duane D. Johnson, Paul C. Canfield, Adam Kaminski 2017 Iowa State University

Enhancement Of The Superconducting Gap By Nesting In Cakfe4as4: A New High Temperature Superconductor, Daixiang Mou, Tai Kong, William R. Meier, Felix Lochner, Lin-Lin Wang, Qisheng Lin, Yun Wu, S. L. Bud’Ko, Ilya Eremin, Duane D. Johnson, Paul C. Canfield, Adam Kaminski

Duane D. Johnson

We use high resolution angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy and density functional theory with measured crystal structure parameters to study the electronic properties of CaKFe4As4. In contrast to the related CaFe2As2 compounds, CaKFe4As4 has a high Tc of 35 K at stochiometric composition. This presents a unique opportunity to study the properties of high temperature superconductivity in the iron arsenides in the absence of doping or substitution. The Fermi surface consists of several hole and electron pockets that have a range of diameters. We find that the values of the superconducting gap are nearly isotropic (within the explored portions of the ...


Measurement Of The Stochasticity Of Low-Latitude Geomagnetic Temporal Variations, Mark Anthony Reynolds, James A. Wanliss 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

Measurement Of The Stochasticity Of Low-Latitude Geomagnetic Temporal Variations, Mark Anthony Reynolds, James A. Wanliss

M. Anthony Reynolds

Ground magnetometer measurements of total magnetic field strength from 6 stations at low latitudes were analyzed using power spectrum and Hurst range scaling techniques. The Hurst exponents for most of these time-series were near 0.5, which indicates stochasticity, with the highest latitude stations exhibiting some persistence with Hurst exponents greater than 0.6. Although no definite correlations are evident, the relative increase of the Hurst exponent with latitude suggests the possibility that the underlying dynamics of the magnetosphere change with latitude. This result may help quantify the dynamics of the inner magnetosphere itself without the direct presence of the ...


The Property Of Mass: An Interdisciplinary Metaphysical Investigation, Benjamin Hayworth 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

The Property Of Mass: An Interdisciplinary Metaphysical Investigation, Benjamin Hayworth

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

The property of mass as used in the physical sciences is somewhat of a metaphysical conundrum. Not only has the definition of mass changed with various paradigm shifts in physics, but the powers belonging to the property have also varied. In my study, I begin by examining the historical context surrounding the term, including the changes to its definition. In doing so, it is revealed that various definitions of mass are used and circulated in general discussion, so a cogent criterion of identity is established by which each definition can be measured. After determining the distinctions between each mass term ...


Chiral Light Intrinsically Couples To Extrinsic/Pseudo-Chiral Metasurfaces Made Of Tilted Gold Nanowires, Alessandro Belardini, Marco Centini, Grigore Leahu, David C. Hooper, Roberto Li Voti, Eugenio Fazio, Joseph W. Haus, Andrew Sarangan, Ventsislav K. Valev, Concita Sibilia 2017 Sapienza Università di Roma

Chiral Light Intrinsically Couples To Extrinsic/Pseudo-Chiral Metasurfaces Made Of Tilted Gold Nanowires, Alessandro Belardini, Marco Centini, Grigore Leahu, David C. Hooper, Roberto Li Voti, Eugenio Fazio, Joseph W. Haus, Andrew Sarangan, Ventsislav K. Valev, Concita Sibilia

Andrew Sarangan

Extrinsic or pseudo-chiral (meta)surfaces have an achiral structure, yet they can give rise to circular dichroism when the experiment itself becomes chiral. Although these surfaces are known to yield differences in reflected and transmitted circularly polarized light, the exact mechanism of the interaction has never been directly demonstrated. Here we present a comprehensive linear and nonlinear optical investigation of a metasurface composed of tilted gold nanowires. In the linear regime, we directly demonstrate the selective absorption of circularly polarised light depending on the orientation of the metasurface. In the nonlinear regime, we demonstrate for the first time how second ...


Chiral Light Intrinsically Couples To Extrinsic/Pseudo-Chiral Metasurfaces Made Of Tilted Gold Nanowires, Alessandro Belardini, Marco Centini, Grigore Leahu, David C. Hooper, Roberto Li Voti, Eugenio Fazio, Joseph W. Haus, Andrew Sarangan, Ventsislav K. Valev, Concita Sibilia 2017 Sapienza Università di Roma

Chiral Light Intrinsically Couples To Extrinsic/Pseudo-Chiral Metasurfaces Made Of Tilted Gold Nanowires, Alessandro Belardini, Marco Centini, Grigore Leahu, David C. Hooper, Roberto Li Voti, Eugenio Fazio, Joseph W. Haus, Andrew Sarangan, Ventsislav K. Valev, Concita Sibilia

Joseph W Haus

Extrinsic or pseudo-chiral (meta)surfaces have an achiral structure, yet they can give rise to circular dichroism when the experiment itself becomes chiral. Although these surfaces are known to yield differences in reflected and transmitted circularly polarized light, the exact mechanism of the interaction has never been directly demonstrated. Here we present a comprehensive linear and nonlinear optical investigation of a metasurface composed of tilted gold nanowires. In the linear regime, we directly demonstrate the selective absorption of circularly polarised light depending on the orientation of the metasurface. In the nonlinear regime, we demonstrate for the first time how second ...


Role Of Antenna Modes And Field Enhancement In Second Harmonic Generation From Dipole Nanoantennas, Domenico de Ceglia, Maria Antonietta Vincenti, Costantino De Angelis, Andrea Locatelli, Joseph W. Haus, Michael Scalora 2017 Charles M. Bowden Research Center

Role Of Antenna Modes And Field Enhancement In Second Harmonic Generation From Dipole Nanoantennas, Domenico De Ceglia, Maria Antonietta Vincenti, Costantino De Angelis, Andrea Locatelli, Joseph W. Haus, Michael Scalora

Joseph W Haus

We study optical second harmonic generation from metallic dipole antennas with narrow gaps. Enhancement of the fundamental-frequency field in the gap region plays a marginal role on conversion efficiency. In the symmetric configuration, i.e., with the gap located at the center of the antenna axis, reducing gap size induces a significant red-shift of the maximum conversion efficiency peak. Either enhancement or inhibition of second-harmonic emission may be observed as gap size is decreased, depending on the antenna mode excited at the harmonic frequency. The second-harmonic signal is extremely sensitive to the asymmetry introduced by gap’s displacements with respect ...


A Sonic Net Excludes Birds From An Airfield: Implications For Reducing Bird Strike And Crop Losses, John P. Swaddle, Dana L. Moseley, Mark H. Hinders, Elizabeth P. Smith 2017 College of William and Mary

A Sonic Net Excludes Birds From An Airfield: Implications For Reducing Bird Strike And Crop Losses, John P. Swaddle, Dana L. Moseley, Mark H. Hinders, Elizabeth P. Smith

John Swaddle

Collisions between birds and aircraft cause billions of dollars of damages annually to civil, commercial, and military aviation. Yet technology to reduce bird strike is not generally effective, especially over longer time periods. Previous information from our lab indicated that filling an area with acoustic noise, which masks important communication channels for birds, can displace European Starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) from food sources. Here we deployed a spatially controlled noise (termed a “sonic net”), designed to overlap with the frequency range of bird vocalizations, at an airfield. By conducting point counts, we monitored the presence of birds for four weeks before ...


Laboratory Model Of Magnetic Frictionless Flywheel And Hoverboard, Angel J. Gutarra-leon, Vincent Cordrey, Walerian Majewski 2017 Northern Virginia Community College

Laboratory Model Of Magnetic Frictionless Flywheel And Hoverboard, Angel J. Gutarra-Leon, Vincent Cordrey, Walerian Majewski

Exigence

We constructed a ring Halbach array of strong NdBeB grade 52 arc-segment magnets, with magnetizations chosen to create a one-sided magnet with the field magnified on the flat side. We investigated a repulsive axial levitating forces and associated circumferential drag forces acting on an assembly of inductors suspended above the rotating array. After measuring induced currents, voltages and magnetic fields in the individual inductors (in the form of short solenoids) of our induction wheels, we investigated the dependence of lift/drag forces on the speed of relative rotation of magnets and inductors. The ratio of lift to drag increases uniformly ...


Low-Density Self-Driven Electromagnetic Wheel: Comparison Of Different Tracks, Nathan GR Gaul, Walerian Majewski 2017 Northern Virginia Community College

Low-Density Self-Driven Electromagnetic Wheel: Comparison Of Different Tracks, Nathan Gr Gaul, Walerian Majewski

Exigence

The rotation of a permanent magnetic multipole wheel near a conducting non-magnetic plate creates a time-varying magnetic field that can produce by induction both repulsive levitation and propulsion forces. We constructed such an electrodynamic wheel using a motorized bicycle wheel with a radius of 12 inches and 36 one-inch cube Nd magnets attached to the rim of the wheel. The radial magnetic field on the outer rim of the wheel was maximized by arranging the magnets into a series of Halbach arrays which amplify the field along the rim. When a conductive metal “track” is immersed in this area of ...


Enhancement Of The Superconducting Gap By Nesting In Cakfe4as4: A New High Temperature Superconductor, Daixiang Mou, Tai Kong, William R. Meier, Felix Lochner, Lin-Lin Wang, Qisheng Lin, Yun Wu, S. L. Bud’ko, Ilya Eremin, Duane D. Johnson, Paul C. Canfield, Adam Kaminski 2017 Iowa State University

Enhancement Of The Superconducting Gap By Nesting In Cakfe4as4: A New High Temperature Superconductor, Daixiang Mou, Tai Kong, William R. Meier, Felix Lochner, Lin-Lin Wang, Qisheng Lin, Yun Wu, S. L. Bud’Ko, Ilya Eremin, Duane D. Johnson, Paul C. Canfield, Adam Kaminski

Qisheng Lin

We use high resolution angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy and density functional theory with measured crystal structure parameters to study the electronic properties of CaKFe4As4. In contrast to the related CaFe2As2 compounds, CaKFe4As4 has a high Tc of 35 K at stochiometric composition. This presents a unique opportunity to study the properties of high temperature superconductivity in the iron arsenides in the absence of doping or substitution. The Fermi surface consists of several hole and electron pockets that have a range of diameters. We find that the values of the superconducting gap are nearly isotropic (within the explored portions of the ...


Lorentz Transformation From An Elementary Point Of View, Arkadiusz Jadczyk, Jerzy Szulga 2017 Laboratoire de Physique Th\'{e}orique, Universit\'{e} de Toulouse III \& CNRS

Lorentz Transformation From An Elementary Point Of View, Arkadiusz Jadczyk, Jerzy Szulga

Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra

Elementary methods are used to examine some nontrivial mathematical issues underpinning the Lorentz transformation. Its eigen-system is characterized through the exponential of a $G$-skew symmetric matrix, underlining its unconnectedness at one of its extremes (the hyper-singular case). A different yet equivalent angle is presented through Pauli coding which reveals the connection between the hyper-singular case and the shear map.


Abstract Template Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Abstract Template Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Order Form Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Order Form Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


C.V., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

C.V., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Enhancement Of The Superconducting Gap By Nesting In Cakfe4as4: A New High Temperature Superconductor, Daixiang Mou, Tai Kong, William R. Meier, Felix Lochner, Lin-Lin Wang, Qisheng Lin, Yun Wu, S. L. Bud’ko, Ilya Eremin, Duane D. Johnson, Paul C. Canfield, Adam Kaminski 2016 Iowa State University

Enhancement Of The Superconducting Gap By Nesting In Cakfe4as4: A New High Temperature Superconductor, Daixiang Mou, Tai Kong, William R. Meier, Felix Lochner, Lin-Lin Wang, Qisheng Lin, Yun Wu, S. L. Bud’Ko, Ilya Eremin, Duane D. Johnson, Paul C. Canfield, Adam Kaminski

Chemistry Publications

We use high resolution angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy and density functional theory with measured crystal structure parameters to study the electronic properties of CaKFe4As4. In contrast to the related CaFe2As2 compounds, CaKFe4As4 has a high Tc of 35 K at stochiometric composition. This presents a unique opportunity to study the properties of high temperature superconductivity in the iron arsenides in the absence of doping or substitution. The Fermi surface consists of several hole and electron pockets that have a range of diameters. We find that the values of the superconducting gap are nearly isotropic (within the explored portions of the ...


Static Magnetic Field Interactions Of Medical Devices In The Mri Environment, Spencer Baird Parent 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Static Magnetic Field Interactions Of Medical Devices In The Mri Environment, Spencer Baird Parent

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Background: The current procedures and guidelines for testing medical devices require that conservative testing be carried-out using the “worst-case” device or device configuration for each interaction (force, torque, heating, et cetera) of importance, and the results of those tests be used to inform regulatory labeling for that device. One of the most difficult elements of carrying out the above procedure is the determination of what represents a “worst-case” device or device configuration. A simulation “pipeline” would enable a systematic procedure for identification of the worst-case device or device configuration for magnetic force from an otherwise impossibly large set of options ...


Jaguar Sun, Anya Nadal 2016 Claremont Colleges

Jaguar Sun, Anya Nadal

The STEAM Journal

Cymatics, is derived from a Greek word, meaning "wave", is a subset of modal vibrational phenomena. The term was coined by Hans Jenny, a Swiss follower of the philosophical school known as anthroposophy. This is a visual representation of the frequency field. I created this piece from acrylic on canvas based on the subtle energies I can see and feel.


Space Traffic Management Concepts Leveraging Existing Frameworks, Stephen K. Hunter 2016 USAF

Space Traffic Management Concepts Leveraging Existing Frameworks, Stephen K. Hunter

Space Traffic Management Conference

Leveraging existing U.S. regulatory frameworks, as well as international organizations, will dramatically shorten the time needed to develop an effective Space Traffic Management concept. Both the Department of Defense and the Department of Transportation have been working with the U.S. Congress to define and develop a Space Traffic Management concept that will allow the Office of Commercial Space Launch to begin a new mission that will help to ensure the safety and resilience of the space domain. Outside observers can easily see forward progress toward this, still, undeveloped concept. This paper explores potential final U.S. Space Traffic ...


Mechanical Properties Of Self-Assembled Nanoparticle Membranes: Stretching And Bending, Yifan Wang, Pongsakorn Kanjanaboos, Sean P. McBride, Edward Barry, Xiao-Min Lin, Heinrich M. Jaeger 2016 Marshall University

Mechanical Properties Of Self-Assembled Nanoparticle Membranes: Stretching And Bending, Yifan Wang, Pongsakorn Kanjanaboos, Sean P. Mcbride, Edward Barry, Xiao-Min Lin, Heinrich M. Jaeger

Dr. Sean P. McBride

Monolayers composed of colloidal nanoparticles, with thickness less than ten nanometers, have remarkable mechanical strength and can suspend over micron-sized holes to form free-standing membranes. We discuss experiments probing the tensile strength and bending stiffness of these self-assembled nanoparticle sheets. The fracture behavior of monolayers and multilayers is investigated by attaching them to elastomer substrates which are then stretched. For different applied strain the fracture patterns are imaged down to the scale of single particles. The resulting detailed information about the crack width distribution allows us to relate the measured overall tensile strength to the distribution of local bond strengths ...


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