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Modeling Gyrating Motion Using Mathematica, Jonathan Alvarado-Gomez 2021 Macalester College

Modeling Gyrating Motion Using Mathematica, Jonathan Alvarado-Gomez

Macalester Journal of Physics and Astronomy

In this report I will describe a method of creating animations of gyrating objects in Mathematica [4]. There are 4 inputs to a function called trajectory, which are a time step, maximum time duration, initial force vector, and a 3x3 matrix that represents a tensor for the gyration of the object. I utilized the computer program Mathematica [4] to create 3D images of a gyrating object in the object frame of view. A collection of these images were put together in order to make an animation, which can be used as a tool for future researchers to investigate interesting paths ...


Curved Spacetime In The Causal Set Approach To Quantum Gravity, Ayush Dhital 2021 University of Mississippi

Curved Spacetime In The Causal Set Approach To Quantum Gravity, Ayush Dhital

Honors Theses

Causal Set theory is an approach to quantum gravity. In this approach, the spacetime continuum is assumed to be discrete rather than continuous. The discrete points in a causal set can be seen as a continuum spacetime if they can be embedded in a manifold such that the causal structure is preserved. In this regard, a manifold can be constructed by embedding a causal set preserving causal information between the neighboring points. In this thesis, some of the fundamental properties of causal sets are discussed and the curvature and dimension information of Minkowski, de Sitter, and Anti-de Sitter spaces is ...


Exploring Manifoldlike Causal Sets And Their Dimensions, Santosh Bhandari 2021 University of Mississippi

Exploring Manifoldlike Causal Sets And Their Dimensions, Santosh Bhandari

Honors Theses

Causal Set Theory is an approach to quantum gravity that tries to replace the continuum spacetime structure of general relativity with the spacetime that has the property of discreteness and causality. From the standpoint of causal set theory, our spacetime is made up of discrete points that are causally related to one another. A causal set is said to be manifoldlike if it can be faithfully embedded in a Lorentzian manifold. In this thesis, some of the fundamental properties of causal sets are discussed. The first chapter is devoted to the historical background of quantum gravity with a discussion of ...


Erratum: A Non-Linear Approximate Solution To The Damped Pendulum Derived Using The Method Of Successive Approximations [Georgia Journal Of Science, Vol. 76, No. 2, Article 9], Javier E. Hasbun 2021 University of West Georgia

Erratum: A Non-Linear Approximate Solution To The Damped Pendulum Derived Using The Method Of Successive Approximations [Georgia Journal Of Science, Vol. 76, No. 2, Article 9], Javier E. Hasbun

Georgia Journal of Science

In an earlier publication [Hill and Hasbun, 2018] considered an approximate solution to the damped pendulum, named the improved modified method of successive approximations (IMMSA), and compared it to an approximation from the work of [Johannessen, 2014]. Here, a correction is made to that comparison due to an error made in calculating Johannessen's approximation.


Superfluid Swimmers, German Kolmakov, Igor S. Aranson 2021 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Superfluid Swimmers, German Kolmakov, Igor S. Aranson

Publications and Research

The propulsion of living microorganisms ultimately relies on viscous drag for body-fluid interactions. The self-locomotion in superfluids such as 4He is deemed impossible due to the apparent lack of viscous resistance. Here, we investigate the self-propulsion of a Janus (two-face) light-absorbing particle suspended in superfluid helium 4He (He-II). The particle is energized by the heat flux due to the absorption of light from an external source. We show that a quantum mechanical propulsion force originates due to the transformation of the superfluid to a normal fluid on the heated particle face. The theoretical analysis is supported by the ...


Once Upon A Party - An Anecdotal Investigation, Vijay Fafat 2021 Ariana Investment Management

Once Upon A Party - An Anecdotal Investigation, Vijay Fafat

Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

Mathematicians and Physicists attending let-your-hair-down parties behave exactly like their own theories. They live by their theorems, they jive by their theorems. Life imitates their craft, and we must simply observe the deep truths hiding in their party-going behavior...


Treated Hfo2 Based Rram Devices With Ru, Tan, Tin As Top Electrode For In-Memory Computing Hardware, Yuvraj Dineshkumar Patel 2020 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Treated Hfo2 Based Rram Devices With Ru, Tan, Tin As Top Electrode For In-Memory Computing Hardware, Yuvraj Dineshkumar Patel

Theses

The scalability and power efficiency of the conventional CMOS technology is steadily coming to a halt due to increasing problems and challenges in fabrication technology. Many non-volatile memory devices have emerged recently to meet the scaling challenges. Memory devices such as RRAMs or ReRAM (Resistive Random-Access Memory) have proved to be a promising candidate for analog in memory computing applications related to inference and learning in artificial intelligence. A RRAM cell has a MIM (Metal insulator metal) structure that exhibits reversible resistive switching on application of positive or negative voltage. But detailed studies on the power consumption, repeatability and retention ...


Drawing Parallels In Art Science For Collaborative Learning: A Case Study, Karen Westland 2020 University of Dundee

Drawing Parallels In Art Science For Collaborative Learning: A Case Study, Karen Westland

The STEAM Journal

This research paper explores drawing as a tool to facilitate interdisciplinary practice. Outlined is the personal experience of PhD researcher [name removed] in their physics/craft research project, combined with thoughts and opinions from collaborators gathered through group discursive interviews. Interdisciplinary projects face interpersonal and conceptually ambiguous challenges which can be addressed through adopting drawing techniques for educational purposes. Findings highlight that drawing can assist across a breadth of applications as a learning tool for everyone, regardless of drawing ability, to improve the functionality of collaborative projects. Specifically, drawing combined with other communication techniques develops a performative communicative approach that ...


Indoor Radon-222 Concentration Levels Measurements And Exhalation Rates Calculations In Some Offices And Rooms Of Aauj During The Winter And The Spring Of 2014, Mohammad Abu-Samreh 2020 Arab American University

Indoor Radon-222 Concentration Levels Measurements And Exhalation Rates Calculations In Some Offices And Rooms Of Aauj During The Winter And The Spring Of 2014, Mohammad Abu-Samreh

Journal of the Arab American University مجلة الجامعة العربية الامريكية للبحوث

In this study, we report on the radon concentration levels, the radon exhalation rate, and the annual effective dose equivalent in 10 buildings of AAUJ during the winter and the spring of 2014 using the CR-39 track detectors. The inspected facilities include 46 offices, 24 labs, seven storage rooms, nine coffee rooms, a cleaning room, eight bathrooms, four Xeroxing rooms, and three meeting rooms. The indoor radon concentration levels were found to vary from 26 to 258 Bq/m3, with an arithmetic mean and standard deviation of 76.6 and 16.2. In general, the bathrooms and stores were found ...


Helmholtz Spacing Of Thin Rectangular Magnetic Field Coils, Karl J. Ahrendsen, Sarah Reyes, Timothy J. Gay 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Helmholtz Spacing Of Thin Rectangular Magnetic Field Coils, Karl J. Ahrendsen, Sarah Reyes, Timothy J. Gay

Timothy J. Gay Publications

In this Note, we discuss the Helmholtz spacing for a pair of thin rectangular coils of arbitrary aspect ratio and consider how best to use such coils to compensate for Earth’s magnetic field along the coils’ Cartesian symmetry axes. Such coils are frequently used in conjunction with charged-particle beam machines. The Helmholtz spacing varies non-monotonically between that for square coils and that for four optimally spaced infinite wires. We consider other coil spacings that extend the length over which the field varies by less than some tolerance along the Cartesian symmetry axes. The calculations also provide a convenient means ...


Laboratory Experiments To Study The Effect Of Temperature On Cigs Solar Cells, Asliddin Komilov 2020 Physical technical institute of the Academy of Science of Uzbekistan

Laboratory Experiments To Study The Effect Of Temperature On Cigs Solar Cells, Asliddin Komilov

Acta of Turin Polytechnic University in Tashkent

Abstract - In this work, we studied the effect of temperature on CIGS solar cells as a function of the thickness of the CdS buffer layer. It was found that with an increase in temperature in CIGS-based solar cells (SC), an increase in the acceptor doping concentration occurs in the region where carrier-generation- recombination prevails. It was also established that in solar cells with a thin buffer layer, generationrecombination through interface prevail, and the temperature influences them more.


Flare Emission Observed In High Resolution And Comparison With Numerical Modeling, Nengyi Huang 2020 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Flare Emission Observed In High Resolution And Comparison With Numerical Modeling, Nengyi Huang

Dissertations

As one of the most intense activities on the solar surface, flares have been extensively observed and studied ever since the first report. The standard model of solar flares has been established and commonly accepted. However, many limitations from the researching tools have left some of the problems unsolved or controversial. For example, the density of electrons in the corona is lower than it is required to activate the observed emission in HXR, and the mechanism that these electron beams can penetrate down to lower chromosphere is unclear. Many theoretical scenarios were suggested, and more observations had been in need ...


Efficient Time-Stepping Approaches For The Dispersive Shallow Water Equations, Linwan Feng 2020 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Efficient Time-Stepping Approaches For The Dispersive Shallow Water Equations, Linwan Feng

Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on developing efficient and stable (high order) time-stepping strategies for the dispersive shallow water equations (DSWE) with variable bathymetry. The DSWE extends the regular shallow water equations to include dispersive effects. Dispersion is physically important and can maintain the shape of a wave that would otherwise form a shock in the shallow water system.

In some cases, the DSWE may be simplified when the bathymetry length scales are small (or large) in relation to other length scales in the shallow water system. These simplified DSWE models, which are related to the full DSWEs, are also considered in ...


Understanding The Magnetic Properties Of Ii-Vi Semiconductor Nanocrystals, Alex Khammang 2020 University of Maine

Understanding The Magnetic Properties Of Ii-Vi Semiconductor Nanocrystals, Alex Khammang

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Semiconductor nanocrystals (NC) are well known for their unique size tunable optical properties making them suitable candidates for devices such as light emitting diodes (LEDs), solar cells, and cellular labels. II-VI semiconductors in the bulk form behave diamagnetically, but can inherit paramagnetic (PM) or ferromagnetic (FM) properties at the nanoscale. Reports suggest that the emergence of weak PM or FM behavior in undoped NCs are attributed to the increased surface to volume ratio compared for NCs. Traditionally, these NCs only obtain magnetic properties after doping with certain transition metals, such as Co, Mn, or Fe. Many mechanisms have been proposed ...


Elmer Fem-Dakota: A Unified Open-Source Computational Framework For Electromagnetics And Data Analytics, Anjali Sandip 2020 University of North Dakota

Elmer Fem-Dakota: A Unified Open-Source Computational Framework For Electromagnetics And Data Analytics, Anjali Sandip

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

Open-source electromagnetic design software, Elmer FEM, was interfaced with data analytics toolkit, Dakota. Furthermore, the coupled software was validated against a benchmark test. The interface developed provides a unified open-source computational framework for electromagnetics and data analytics. Its key features include uncertainty quantification, surrogate modelling and parameter studies. This framework enables a richer understanding of model predictions to better design electric machines in a time sensitive manner.


An Expanded Model Of Unmatter From Neutrosophic Logic Perspective: Towards Matter-Spirit Unity View, Florentin Smarandache, Victor Christianto, Robert Neil Boyd 2020 University of New Mexico

An Expanded Model Of Unmatter From Neutrosophic Logic Perspective: Towards Matter-Spirit Unity View, Florentin Smarandache, Victor Christianto, Robert Neil Boyd

Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications

In Neutrosophic Logic, a basic assertion is that there are variations of about everything that we can measure; the variations surround three parameters called T, I, F (truth, indeterminacy, falsehood) which can take a range of values. A previous paper in IJNS, 2020 shortly reviews the links among aether and matter creation from the perspective of Neutrosophic Logic. In any case, matter creation process in nature stays a major puzzle for physicists, scientists and other science analysts. To this issue neutrosophic logic offers an answer: "unmatter." This paper examines an extended model of unmatter, to incorporate issue soul solidarity. So ...


Active Magnetic Radiation Shielding For Long-Duration Human Spaceflight, Kristine Ferrone 2020 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Active Magnetic Radiation Shielding For Long-Duration Human Spaceflight, Kristine Ferrone

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Exploration of interplanetary space presents dramatic hazards to human survival.

Space radiation hazards outside the protection of the Earth’s magnetosphere can

produce both acute and chronic health risks and thus become limiting factors for

NASA’s planned mission to Mars by the 2030s. Radiation exposure on a Mars mission

is delivered primarily by high energy ions from galactic cosmic rays and moderate

energy protons from solar particle events. The chronic radiation dose due to galactic

cosmic rays on a typical Mars mission is on the order of 1 Sv, and additional acute

radiation dose from solar flares can reach ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Carbon Coated Barium Titanate Core-Shell Nanoparticles, Moudip Nandi 2020 Missouri State University

Synthesis And Characterization Of Carbon Coated Barium Titanate Core-Shell Nanoparticles, Moudip Nandi

MSU Graduate Theses

Core-shell nanoparticles (CSNP) with fascinating ferroelectric properties have diverse applications in biotechnology and the electronic field of studies. Among so many perovskites, barium titanate (BTO) nanoparticles draw much interest due to their distinct electronic and ferroelectric features. Additionally, the incorporation of carbon in the shell of CSNP makes it suitable for application in many fields due to its innocuous nature. Carbon not only increases the biocompatible properties of an element but also gives mechanical stability to the CSNP. This thesis is targeted towards the synthesis of oxide-carbide CSNP, where the core is made of BTO and the shell is made ...


Design, Monitoring And Management Approaches For The Root-Zone In Microgravity, Scott B. Jones 2020 Utah State University

Design, Monitoring And Management Approaches For The Root-Zone In Microgravity, Scott B. Jones

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


The Crisis Of Communication In The Information Age: Revisiting C.P. Snow's Two Cultures In The Era Of Fake News, Aaron Green 2020 Compliance & Risks, Ltd.

The Crisis Of Communication In The Information Age: Revisiting C.P. Snow's Two Cultures In The Era Of Fake News, Aaron Green

Irish Communication Review

The purpose of this paper is to revisit C.P. Snow’s “Two Cultures” lecture in light of the cultural dominance of information technology. The crisis of communication in the information age, whether in fake news, political polarisation or science denial, has come about because both scientific and literary cultures, in seeking a world without entropy, have inadvertently stumbled upon a world without meaning. In order to explain how this has happened, the paper first explores Snow's challenge: to describe the second law of thermodynamics. The paper then provides a description of entropy that is neutral with regard to ...


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