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Electrochemical And Corrosion Examination Of Copper Under Deep Geologic Conditions For The Application Of Nuclear Waste Containers, Taylor L. Martino 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Electrochemical And Corrosion Examination Of Copper Under Deep Geologic Conditions For The Application Of Nuclear Waste Containers, Taylor L. Martino

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Copper is the selected material for the fabrication of nuclear fuel waste containers in Sweden, Finland and Canada due to its corrosion resistance in the anoxic aqueous environments, anticipated in deep geological repositories. A potential oxidant for copper is bisulphide produced either by the dissolution of minerals or by sulphate-reducing bacteria. The primary goals of this thesis were to determine the mechanism of corrosion of copper in bisulphide environments and to investigate the chemistry of the bentonite porewater that will ultimately be in contact with the copper container.

The mechanism of sulphide film growth and the details of copper corrosion ...


4,5-Dimethoxy-2-Nitrobenzohydrazides And 1-(1-Benzylpiperidin-4-Yl)Ethan-1-Ones As Potential Antioxidant/Cholinergic Endowed Small Molecule Leads, Rukhsar Banu, Jason Gerding, Cynthia Franklin, Donald Sikazwe, William Horton, Marianna Török, Julian Davis, Kwan H. Cheng, Muziya Nakazwe, Bereket Mochona 2018 Trinity University

4,5-Dimethoxy-2-Nitrobenzohydrazides And 1-(1-Benzylpiperidin-4-Yl)Ethan-1-Ones As Potential Antioxidant/Cholinergic Endowed Small Molecule Leads, Rukhsar Banu, Jason Gerding, Cynthia Franklin, Donald Sikazwe, William Horton, Marianna Török, Julian Davis, Kwan H. Cheng, Muziya Nakazwe, Bereket Mochona

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Research

The objective of this research is to generate leads for developing our ultimate poly-active molecules with utility in central nervous system (CNS) diseases. Indeed, poly-active molecules capable of mitigating brain free radical damage while enhancing acetylcholine signaling (via cholinesterase inhibition) are still being sought for combating Alzheimer’s disease (AD). We differentiate “poly-active” agents from “multi-target” ones by defining them as single molecular entities designed to target only specific contributory synergistic pharmacologies in a disease. For instance, in AD, free radicals either initiate or act in synergy with other pharmacologies, leading to disease worsening. For this preliminary report, a total ...


In Operando Mechanism Analysis On Nanocrystalline Silicon Anode Material For Reversible And Ultrafast Sodium Storage, Lei Zhang, Xianluo Hu, Chaoji Chen, Haipeng Guo, Xiaoxiao Liu, Gengzhao Xu, Haijian Zhong, Shuang Cheng, Peng Wu, Jiashen Meng, Yunhui Huang, Shi Xue Dou, Hua-Kun Liu 2018 University of Wollongong

In Operando Mechanism Analysis On Nanocrystalline Silicon Anode Material For Reversible And Ultrafast Sodium Storage, Lei Zhang, Xianluo Hu, Chaoji Chen, Haipeng Guo, Xiaoxiao Liu, Gengzhao Xu, Haijian Zhong, Shuang Cheng, Peng Wu, Jiashen Meng, Yunhui Huang, Shi Xue Dou, Hua-Kun Liu

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

Presently, lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are the most promising commercialized electrochemical energy storage systems. Unfortunately, the limited resource of Li results in increasing cost for its scalable application and a general consciousness of the need to find new type of energy storage technologies. Very recently, substantial effort has been invested to sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) due to their effectively unlimited nature of sodium resources. Furthermore, the potential of Li/Li+ is 0.3 V lower than that of Na/Na+, which makes it more effective to limit the electrolyte degradation on the outer surface of the electrode.[1] Nevertheless, one major obstacle ...


A Model Of Competition Between Perpetual Software And Software As A Service, Zhiling GUO, Dan MA 2018 Singapore Management University

A Model Of Competition Between Perpetual Software And Software As A Service, Zhiling Guo, Dan Ma

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Software as a service (SaaS) has grown to be a significant segment of many software product markets. SaaS vendors, which charge customers based on use and continuously improve the quality of their products, have put competitive pressure on traditional perpetual software vendors, which charge a licensing fee and periodically upgrade the quality of their software. We develop an analytical model to study the competitive pricing strategies of an incumbent perpetual software vendor in the presence of a SaaS competitor. We find that, depending on both the SaaS quality improvement rate and the network effect, the perpetual software vendor adopts one ...


Studies Of Geometrical Profiling In Fabricated Tapered Optical Fbers Using Whispering Gallery Modes Spectroscopy, Vishnu Kavungal, Gerald Farrell, Qiang Wu, Arun Kumar Mallik, Yuliya Semenova 2018 Dublin Institute of Technology

Studies Of Geometrical Profiling In Fabricated Tapered Optical Fbers Using Whispering Gallery Modes Spectroscopy, Vishnu Kavungal, Gerald Farrell, Qiang Wu, Arun Kumar Mallik, Yuliya Semenova

Articles

This paper experimentally demonstrates a method for geometrical profiling of asymmetries in fabricated thin microfiber tapers with waist diameters ranging from ∼10 to ∼50µm with submicron accuracy. The method is based on the analysis of whispering gallery mode resonances excited in cylindrical fiber resonators as a result of evanescent coupling of light propagating through the fiber taper. The submicron accuracy of the proposed method has been verified by SEM studies. The method can be applied as a quality control tool in fabrication of microfiber based devices and sensors or for fine-tuning of microfiber fabrication set-ups.


The "Double Standard" Of Nonproliferation: Regime Type And The U.S. Response To Nuclear Weapons Program, Alina Shymanska 2018 NEREC Research Fellow

The "Double Standard" Of Nonproliferation: Regime Type And The U.S. Response To Nuclear Weapons Program, Alina Shymanska

International Journal of Nuclear Security

There is no doubt that the NPT regime is far from being equal for all states involved. As the predominant hegemonic power since WWII, the United States plays a major role in deciding the fates of non-great power proliferators. This article tries to find the logical explanation of the phenomenon whereby some nuclear proliferators are absolved regardless of their active accumulation of nuclear arsenals while others are labeled as “rogue states” and ordered to disarm. The article suggests that a particular proliferator’s political regime could affect the way in which its state is approached by the U.S., known ...


Monomial Progenitors And Related Topics, Madai Obaid Alnominy 2018 California State University - San Bernardino

Monomial Progenitors And Related Topics, Madai Obaid Alnominy

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

The main objective of this project is to find the original symmetric presentations of some very important finite groups and to give our constructions of some of these groups. We have found the Mathieu sporadic group M11, HS × D5, where HS is the sporadic group Higman-Sim group, the projective special unitary group U(3; 5) and the projective special linear group L2(149) as homomorphic images of the monomial progenitors 11*4 :m (5 :4), 5*6 :m S5 and 149*2 :m D37. We have also discovered 24 : S3 × C2, 2 ...


A Model Of Competition Between Perpetual Software And Software As A Service, Zhiling GUO, Dan MA 2018 Singapore Management University

A Model Of Competition Between Perpetual Software And Software As A Service, Zhiling Guo, Dan Ma

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Software as a service (SaaS) has grown to be a significant segment of many software product markets. SaaS vendors, which charge customers based on use and continuously improve the quality of their products, have put competitive pressure on traditional perpetual software vendors, which charge a licensing fee and periodically upgrade the quality of their software. We develop an analytical model to study the competitive pricing strategies of an incumbent perpetual software vendor in the presence of a SaaS competitor. We find that, depending on both the SaaS quality improvement rate and the network effect, the perpetual software vendor adopts one ...


Selection Methods Of Genetic Algorithms, Ryan Champlin 2018 Olivet Nazarene University

Selection Methods Of Genetic Algorithms, Ryan Champlin

Student Scholarship - Computer Science

The goal of the paper is to exhibit how four different types of selections work within genetic algorithms. It goes through what a genetic algorithm is, how the different forms of selection work, and how they were tested. I ran each of the four selection methods by creating three programs that tested different aspects. One showed the difference between brute force, one showed how they solved a NP problem, and one showed how they solved a game theory problem. Each of the selections performed well.


Nesynth Project, John Falco 2018 Olivet Nazarene University

Nesynth Project, John Falco

Student Scholarship - Computer Science

This project was designed to create a program that can interface with user input through a keyboard to produce sounds through the use of the MIDI protocol. The goal functionality was to have the unit be able to interface with a Nintendo Entertainment System to produce synthetic sounds along with sampled sounds through the MIDI protocol. However, this goal was not able to be achieved due to technical limitations. Due to this, the sound of the A203 chip was emulated through use of sampled instruments using MIDI. The goal of this project initially was to also include a USB keyboard ...


Lsat Practicum: An Application Of Human Based Computation, Seth Rivett 2018 Olivet Nazarene University

Lsat Practicum: An Application Of Human Based Computation, Seth Rivett

Student Scholarship - Computer Science

Human-based computation can be applied to solve problems too hard for a single computer. Crowdsourcing can be applied to ethical modeling by splitting ethical situations among humans. In this senior research project, the crowdsourcing method is applied to produce an ethical model for what web crawlers are allowed to do on websites. By evaluating questions about terms of use on a website, users provide context for the robots. An obstacle to this project is getting the right crowd to participate in the problem. The crowd of potential law students was selected as students typically answer questions to study for a ...


How Intelligence Community Interprets Imprecise (Fuzzy) Words, And How To Justify This Empirical-Based Interpretation, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich 2018 University of Texas at El Paso

How Intelligence Community Interprets Imprecise (Fuzzy) Words, And How To Justify This Empirical-Based Interpretation, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

To provide a more precise meaning to imprecise (fuzzy) words like "probable" or "almost certain", researchers analyzed how often intelligence predictions hedged by each corresponding word turned out to be true. In this paper, we provide a theoretical explanation for the resulting empirical frequencies.


How To Gauge Repair Risk?, Francisco Zapata, Vladik Kreinovich 2018 University of Texas at El Paso

How To Gauge Repair Risk?, Francisco Zapata, Vladik Kreinovich

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

At present, there exist several automatic tools that, given a software, find locations of possible defects. A general tool does not take into account a specificity of a given program. As a result, while many defects discovered by this tool can be truly harmful, many uncovered alleged defects are, for this particular software, reasonably (or even fully) harmless. A natural reaction is to repair all the alleged defects, but the problem is that every time we correct a program, we risk introducing new faults. From this viewpoint, it is desirable to be able to gauge the repair risk. This will ...


How To Explain Empirical Distribution Of Software Defects By Severity, Francisco Zapata, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich 2018 University of Texas at El Paso

How To Explain Empirical Distribution Of Software Defects By Severity, Francisco Zapata, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

In the last decades, several tools have appeared that, given a software package, mark possible defects of different potential severity. Our empirical analysis has shown that in most situations, we observe the same distribution or software defects by severity. In this paper, we present this empirical distribution, and we use interval-related ideas to provide an explanation for this empirical distribution.


Virtual Agent Interaction Framework (Vaif): A Tool For Rapid Development Of Social Agents, Ivan Gris, David G. Novick 2018 University of Texas at El Paso

Virtual Agent Interaction Framework (Vaif): A Tool For Rapid Development Of Social Agents, Ivan Gris, David G. Novick

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

Creating an embodied virtual agent is often a complex process. It involves 3D modeling and animation skills, advanced programming knowledge, and in some cases artificial intelligence or the integration of complex interaction models. Features like lip-syncing to an audio file, recognizing the users’ speech, or having the character move at certain times in certain ways, are inaccessible to researchers that want to build and use these agents for education, research, or industrial uses. VAIF, the Virtual Agent Interaction Framework, is an extensively documented system that attempts to bridge that gap and provide inexperienced researchers the tools and means to develop ...


Why Superforecasters Change Their Estimates On Average By 3.5%: A Possible Theoretical Explanation, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich 2018 University of Texas at El Paso

Why Superforecasters Change Their Estimates On Average By 3.5%: A Possible Theoretical Explanation, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

A recent large-scale study of people's forecasting ability has shown that there is a small group of superforecasters, whose forecasts are significantly more accurate than the forecasts of an average person. Since forecasting is important in many application areas, researchers have studied what exactly the supreforecasters do differently -- and how we can learn from them, so that we will be able to forecast better. One empirical fact that came from this study is that, in contrast to most people, superforecasters make much smaller adjustments to their probability estimates. On average, their average probability change is 3.5%. In this ...


How To Explain The Results Of The Richard Thaler's 1997 Financial Times Contest, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich 2018 University of Texas at El Paso

How To Explain The Results Of The Richard Thaler's 1997 Financial Times Contest, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

In 1997, by using a letter published in Financial Times, Richard H. Thaler, the 2017 Nobel Prize winner in Economics, performed the following experiment: he asked readers to submit numbers from 0 to 100, so that the person whose number is the closest to 2/3 of the average will be the winner. An intuitive answer is to submit 2/3 of the average (50), i.e., 33 1/3. A logical answer, as can be explained, is to submit 0. The actual winning submission was -- depending on how we count -- 12 or 13. In this paper, we propose a ...


Virtualized Cloud Platform Management Using A Combined Neural Network And Wavelet Transform Strategy, Chunyu Liu 2018 California State University – San Bernardino

Virtualized Cloud Platform Management Using A Combined Neural Network And Wavelet Transform Strategy, Chunyu Liu

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This study focuses on implementing a log analysis strategy that combines a neural network algorithm and wavelet transform. Wavelet transform allows us to extract the important hidden information and features of the original time series log data and offers a precise framework for the analysis of input information. While neural network algorithm constitutes a powerfulnonlinear function approximation which can provide detection and prediction functions. The combination of the two techniques is based on the idea of using wavelet transform to denoise the log data by decomposing it into a set of coefficients, then feed the denoised data into a neural ...


Redescription And Phylogenetic Analysis Of The Materials Assigned To The Taxon "Captorhinikos" Chozaensis, Jason Paul Jung 2018 California State University - San Bernardino

Redescription And Phylogenetic Analysis Of The Materials Assigned To The Taxon "Captorhinikos" Chozaensis, Jason Paul Jung

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

“Captorhinikos” chozaensis is a multiple-tooth-rowed captorhinid reptile from the Lower Permian Clear Fork Group, undivided formation. Upon re-examination of the materials associated with the species from both the Chicago Field Museum of Natural History, and the Smithsonian United States National Museum, I reaffirm their affinity and collective identity as a valid taxon. “Captorhinikos” chozaensis does not, however, belong with either of the two members of its genus, C. valensis or “C.” parvus, instead occupying its own branch on the phylogenetic tree of the Captorhinidae. This conclusion is based in strong results from a combined phylogenetic parsimony analysis combined with an ...


Using Autoencoder To Reduce The Length Of The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (Ados), Sara Hussain Daghustani 2018 California State University - San Bernardino

Using Autoencoder To Reduce The Length Of The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (Ados), Sara Hussain Daghustani

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This thesis uses autoencoders to explore the possibility of reducing the length of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), which is a series of tests and observations used to diagnose autism spectrum disorders in children, adolescents, and adults of different developmental levels. The length of the ADOS, directly and indirectly, causes barriers to its access for many individuals, which means that individuals who need testing are unable to get it. Reducing the length of the ADOS without significantly sacrificing its accuracy would increase its accessibility. The autoencoders used in this thesis have specific connections between layers that mimic the sectional ...


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