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The Inner Gaseous Disks Of Herbig Be Stars, Parshati Patel 2016 The University of Western Ontario

The Inner Gaseous Disks Of Herbig Be Stars, Parshati Patel

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Herbig Ae/Be stars are intermediate mass (~2 to 20Msun) pre-main sequence stars that inherit a circumstellar disk of dust and gas from their formation phase. The region of this disk closest to the star is entirely gaseous because dust evaporates at the high temperatures there, and this gaseous region is currently poorly understood. Using non-LTE circumstellar disk codes to model the optical and near-infrared spectra of five, early-type (B0Ve to B2Ve) Herbig Be stars obtained with the Canada-France-Hawaii telescope ESPaDOnS instrument, the density structure of each inner gaseous disks was determined and estimates of the disk masses and ...


Nucleosynthesis In Core-Collapse Supernovae, Rachel E Mersch 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Nucleosynthesis In Core-Collapse Supernovae, Rachel E Mersch

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

A Core-Collapse Supernova explosion occurs when nuclear fusion stops in the core of a massive star. Without a source of energy supplying enough pressure to balance gravity, the core becomes unstable and collapses to form a neutron star. Beyond the neutron star, a shockwave forms which moves outward through the star, causing heavier elements to be created through nuclear fusion. We have been studying the elements that are ejected from a Core-Collapse Supernova using a nuclear code network called XNet, which follows the thermonuclear kinetics. We use the results from a code called Chimera, which explores the mechanism of Core-Collapse ...


Better Together, 2016 DePaul University

Better Together

DePaul Magazine

Faculty have taken full advantage of the university's innovative intercollegiate grant program, and the resulting research is as interesting and diverse as the collaborators themselves. What is resulting is research on "Patient and Primary Care Provider Perspectives on Recreational and Therapeutic Cannabis Use Within a Changing Socioculltural and Political Context;" a new minor in climate change science and policy; a new class, Communication, Coding and Entrepreneurship; brain inflammation research; and the project "Cosmology Meets Continental Philosophy: Natural Laws and Why There Is Something Rather Than Nothing"


The Biomolecule Sequencer Project: Nanopore Sequencing As A Dual-Use Technology For Crew Health And Astrobiology Investigations, K. K. John, D. S. Botkin, A. S. Burton, S. L. Castro-Wallace, J. D. Chaput, J. P. Dworkin, Niles Lehman, M. L. Lupisella, C. E. Mason, D. J. Smith, S. Stahl, C. Switzer 2016 NASA Johnson Space Center

The Biomolecule Sequencer Project: Nanopore Sequencing As A Dual-Use Technology For Crew Health And Astrobiology Investigations, K. K. John, D. S. Botkin, A. S. Burton, S. L. Castro-Wallace, J. D. Chaput, J. P. Dworkin, Niles Lehman, M. L. Lupisella, C. E. Mason, D. J. Smith, S. Stahl, C. Switzer

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

Human missions to Mars will fundamentally transform how the planet is explored, enabling new scientific discoveries through more sophisticated sample acquisition and processing than can currently be implemented in robotic exploration. The presence of humans also poses new challenges, including ensuring astronaut safety and health and monitoring contamination. Because the capability to transfer materials to Earth will be extremely limited, there is a strong need for in situ diagnostic capabilities. Nucleotide sequencing is a particularly powerful tool because it can be used to: (1) mitigate microbial risks to crew by allowing identification of microbes in water, in air, and on ...


Hawking Radiation Screening And Penrose Process Shielding In The Kerr Black Hole, Eamon Mc Caughey 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

Hawking Radiation Screening And Penrose Process Shielding In The Kerr Black Hole, Eamon Mc Caughey

Articles

The radial motion of massive particles in the equatorial plane of aKerr black hole is considered. Screening of the Hawking radiation and shielding of the Penrose process are examined (both inside and outside the ergosphere) and their effect on the evaporation of the black hole is studied. In particular, the locus and width of a classically forbidden region and their dependence on the particle’s angular momentum and energy is analysed. Tunneling of particles between the boundaries of this region is considered and the transmission coefficient determined.


Stellar Activity And Exclusion Of The Outer Planet In The Hd 99492 System, Eric L. N. Jensen, S. R. Kane, B. Thirumalachari, G. W. Henry, N. R. Hinkel, T. S. Boyajian, D. A. Fischer, A. W. Howard, H. T. Isaacson, J. T. Wright 2016 Swarthmore College

Stellar Activity And Exclusion Of The Outer Planet In The Hd 99492 System, Eric L. N. Jensen, S. R. Kane, B. Thirumalachari, G. W. Henry, N. R. Hinkel, T. S. Boyajian, D. A. Fischer, A. W. Howard, H. T. Isaacson, J. T. Wright

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Works

A historical problem for indirect exoplanet detection has been contending with the intrinsic variability of the host star. If the variability is periodic, it can easily mimic various exoplanet signatures, such as radial velocity (RV) variations that originate with the stellar surface rather than the presence of a planet. Here we present an update for the HD 99492 planetary system, using new RV and photometric measurements from the Transit Ephemeris Refinement and Monitoring Survey. Our extended time series and subsequent analyses of the Ca ii H&K emission lines show that the host star has an activity cycle of ~13 ...


Session F-3: “It Is Rocket Science”, Carmela Jones, Christine L. Moskalik 2016 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

Session F-3: “It Is Rocket Science”, Carmela Jones, Christine L. Moskalik

Professional Learning Day

All current NASA rocket launchers are no longer useable because all of the available rocket-fuel sources on Earth have been depleted. Participants will serve as NASA engineers tasked with developing non-fuel-based rocket launcher prototypes in an effort to maintain current and future NASA space programs and missions. Model how you will get your students to take off with Rocket Science.


Session B-1: Model Building In Planetary Science And The Ngss, Eric Hawker 2016 IMSA

Session B-1: Model Building In Planetary Science And The Ngss, Eric Hawker

Professional Learning Day

In this session I will guide teachers through the steps my students take in Planetary Science to develop a conceptual model of how planetary interiors work. Teachers will then create concept maps from their conceptual models, and then use their models and maps to understand planetary systems other than Earth.


Probing The Fitting Accuracy Of Active Galaxy Spectra, Aaron T. Line 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Probing The Fitting Accuracy Of Active Galaxy Spectra, Aaron T. Line

Physics

Prior to this study, Dr. Vardha N. Bennert and collaborators selected a sample of ~100 local active galaxies to study the relationships between black hole mass and host galaxy properties. The broad Hβ width is necessary to determine black hole mass. This value is determined using a spectral decomposition code was scripted in IDL by Dr. Daeseong Park. The script fit spectral features and collected data for properties such as width of emission lines and continuum contribution percentages. The results were logged for further analysis.

To probe the accuracy of the fitting process, artificial spectra were created and fitted to ...


X-Ray, Uv And Optical Analysis Of Supergiants: Ε Ori, David H. Cohen, R. E. Puebla, D. J. Hillier, J. Zsargó, M. A. Leutenegger 2016 Swarthmore College

X-Ray, Uv And Optical Analysis Of Supergiants: Ε Ori, David H. Cohen, R. E. Puebla, D. J. Hillier, J. Zsargó, M. A. Leutenegger

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Works

We present a multi-wavelength (X-ray to optical) analysis, based on non-local thermodynamic equilibrium photospheric+wind models, of the B0 Ia-supergiant: ϵ Ori. The aim is to test the consistency of physical parameters, such as the mass-loss rate and CNO abundances, derived from different spectral bands. The derived mass-loss rate is M˙/f∞−−−√∼ 1.6 × 10−6 M⊙ yr−1 where f∞ is the volume filling factor. However, the S iv λλ1062,1073 profiles are too strong in the models; to fit the observed profiles it is necessary to use f∞ <0.01. This value is a factor of 5 to 10 lower than inferred from other diagnostics, and implies M˙≲1×10−7 M⊙ yr−1. The discrepancy could be related to porosity–vorosity effects or a problem with the ionization of sulphur in the wind. To fit the UV profiles of N v and O vi it was necessary to include emission from an interclump medium with a density contrast (ρcl/ρICM) of ∼100. X-ray emission in H/He like and Fe L lines was modelled using four plasma components located within the wind. We derive plasma temperatures from 1 × 106 to 7 × 106 K, with lower temperatures starting in the outer regions (R0 ∼ 3–6 R*), and a hot component starting closer to the star (R0 ≲ 2.9 R*). From X-ray line profiles we infer M˙<4.9 × 10−7 M⊙ yr−1. The X-ray spectrum (≥0.1 kev) yields an X-ray luminosity LX ∼ 2.0 × 10−7Lbol, consistent with the superion line profiles. X-ray abundances are in agreement with those derived from the UV and optical analysis: ϵ Ori is slightly enhanced in nitrogen and depleted in carbon and oxygen, evidence for CNO processed material.


Improvements To The Two-Point In Situ Method For Measurement Of The Room Constant And Sound Power In Semi-Reverberant Rooms, Zachary R. Jensen 2016 Brigham Young University - Provo

Improvements To The Two-Point In Situ Method For Measurement Of The Room Constant And Sound Power In Semi-Reverberant Rooms, Zachary R. Jensen

All Theses and Dissertations

The two-point in situ method is a technique for measuring the room constant of a semi-reverberant room and the sound power of a source in that room simultaneously using two measurement positions. Using a reference directivity source, where the directivity factor along any given axis of the source has been measured, one is able to use the Hopkins-Stryker equation to measure both the room constant and the sound power level of another source rather simply. Using both numerical and experimental data, it was found that by using generalized energy density (GED) as a measurement quantity, the results were more accurate ...


Development, Evaluation, And Validation Of A High-Resolution Directivity Measurement System For Played Musical Instruments, K Joshua Bodon 2016 Brigham Young University - Provo

Development, Evaluation, And Validation Of A High-Resolution Directivity Measurement System For Played Musical Instruments, K Joshua Bodon

All Theses and Dissertations

A high-resolution directivity measurement system at Brigham Young University has been renovated and upgraded. Acoustical treatments have been installed on the microphone array, professional-grade audio hardware and cabling have been utilized, and user-friendly MATLAB processing and plotting codes have been developed. The directivities of 16 played musical instruments and several loudspeakers have been measured by the system, processed, and plotted. Using loudspeakers as simulated musicians, a comprehensive analysis was completed to validate the system and understand its error bounds. A comparison and evaluation of repeated-capture to single-capture spherical systems was made to demonstrate the high level of detail provided by ...


The Mimes Survey Of Magnetism In Massive Stars: Introduction And Overview, David H. Cohen, G. A. Wade, C. Neiner, E. Alecian, J. H. Grunhut, V. Petit, B. de Batz, D. A. Bohlender, H. F. Heinrichs, O. Kochukhov, J. D. Landstreet, N. Manset, F. Martins, S. Mathis, M. E. Oksala, S. P. Owocki, T. Rivinius, M. E. Shultz, J. O. Sundqvist, R. H. D. Townsend, A. ud-Doula, J.-C. Bouret, J. Braithwaite, M. Briquet, A. C. Carciofi, A. David-Uraz, C. P. Folsom, A. W. Fullerton, B. Leroy, W. L. F. Marcolino, A. F. J. Moffat, Y. Nazé, N. St Louis, M. Aurière, S. Bagnulo, J. D. Bailey, R. H. Barbá, A. Blazère, T. Böhm, C. Catala, J.-F. Donati, L. Ferrario, D. Harrington, I. D. Howarth, R. Ignace, L. Kaper, T. Lüftinger, R. Prinja, J. S. Vink, W. W. Weiss, I. Yakunin 2016 Swarthmore College

The Mimes Survey Of Magnetism In Massive Stars: Introduction And Overview, David H. Cohen, G. A. Wade, C. Neiner, E. Alecian, J. H. Grunhut, V. Petit, B. De Batz, D. A. Bohlender, H. F. Heinrichs, O. Kochukhov, J. D. Landstreet, N. Manset, F. Martins, S. Mathis, M. E. Oksala, S. P. Owocki, T. Rivinius, M. E. Shultz, J. O. Sundqvist, R. H. D. Townsend, A. Ud-Doula, J.-C. Bouret, J. Braithwaite, M. Briquet, A. C. Carciofi, A. David-Uraz, C. P. Folsom, A. W. Fullerton, B. Leroy, W. L. F. Marcolino, A. F. J. Moffat, Y. Nazé, N. St Louis, M. Aurière, S. Bagnulo, J. D. Bailey, R. H. Barbá, A. Blazère, T. Böhm, C. Catala, J.-F. Donati, L. Ferrario, D. Harrington, I. D. Howarth, R. Ignace, L. Kaper, T. Lüftinger, R. Prinja, J. S. Vink, W. W. Weiss, I. Yakunin

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Works

The MiMeS (Magnetism in Massive Stars) project is a large-scale, high-resolution, sensitive spectropolarimetric investigation of the magnetic properties of O- and early B-type stars. Initiated in 2008 and completed in 2013, the project was supported by three Large Program allocations, as well as various programmes initiated by independent principal investigators, and archival resources. Ultimately, over 4800 circularly polarized spectra of 560 O and B stars were collected with the instruments ESPaDOnS (Echelle SpectroPolarimetric Device for the Observation of Stars) at the Canada–France–Hawaii Telescope, Narval at the Télescope Bernard Lyot and HARPSpol at the European Southern Observatory La Silla ...


Kelt-4ab: An Inflated Hot Jupiter Transiting The Bright (V~10) Component Of A Hierarchical Triple, Eric L. N. Jensen, J. D. Eastman, T. G. Beatty, R. J. Siverd, J. M. O. Antognini, M. T. Penny, E. J. Gonzales, J. R. Crepp, A. W. Howard, R. L. Avril, A. Bieryla, K. Collins, B. J. Fulton, J. Ge, J. Gregorio, B. Ma, S. N. Mellon, T. E. Oberst, J. Wang, B. S. Gaudi, J. Pepper, K. G. Stassun, L. A. Buchhave, D. W. Latham, P. Berlind, M. L. Calkins, P. A. Cargile, K. D. Colón, S. Dhital, G. A. Esquerdo, J. A. Johnson, J. F. Kielkopf, M. Manner, Q. Mao, K. K. McLeod, K. Penev, R. P. Stefanik, R. Street, R. Zambelli, D. L. DePoy, A. Gould, J. L. Marshall, R. W. Pogge, M. Trueblood, P. Trueblood 2016 Swarthmore College

Kelt-4ab: An Inflated Hot Jupiter Transiting The Bright (V~10) Component Of A Hierarchical Triple, Eric L. N. Jensen, J. D. Eastman, T. G. Beatty, R. J. Siverd, J. M. O. Antognini, M. T. Penny, E. J. Gonzales, J. R. Crepp, A. W. Howard, R. L. Avril, A. Bieryla, K. Collins, B. J. Fulton, J. Ge, J. Gregorio, B. Ma, S. N. Mellon, T. E. Oberst, J. Wang, B. S. Gaudi, J. Pepper, K. G. Stassun, L. A. Buchhave, D. W. Latham, P. Berlind, M. L. Calkins, P. A. Cargile, K. D. Colón, S. Dhital, G. A. Esquerdo, J. A. Johnson, J. F. Kielkopf, M. Manner, Q. Mao, K. K. Mcleod, K. Penev, R. P. Stefanik, R. Street, R. Zambelli, D. L. Depoy, A. Gould, J. L. Marshall, R. W. Pogge, M. Trueblood, P. Trueblood

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Works

We report the discovery of KELT-4Ab, an inflated, transiting Hot Jupiter orbiting the brightest component of a hierarchical triple stellar system. The host star is an F star with ${T}_{{\rm{eff}}}$ = $6206\pm 75$ K, $\mathrm{log}g$ = $4.108\pm 0.014$, $[{\rm{Fe}}/{\rm{H}}]$ = $-{0.116}_{-0.069}^{+0.065}$, ${M}_{*}$ = ${1.201}_{-0.061}^{+0.067}$ $\;{M}_{\odot }$, and ${R}_{*}$ = ${1.603}_{-0.038}^{+0.039}$ $\;{R}_{\odot }$. The best-fit linear ephemeris is ${\mathrm{BJD}}_{\mathrm{TDB}}$ $\;=\;2456193.29157\pm 0.00021$ $\quad +\quad E(2 ...


Leech Exoplanet Imaging Survey: Characterization Of The Coldest Directly Imaged Exoplanet, Gj 504 B, And Evidence For Super-Stellar Metallicity, Andrew J. Skemer, Caroline V. Morley, Neil T. Zimmerman, Michael F. Skrutskie, Jarron Leisenring, Esther Buenzli, Mickael Bonnefoy, Vanessa Bailey, Philip Hinz, Denis Defrere, Simone Esposito, Daniel Apai, Beth Biller, Wolfgang Brandner, Laird Close, Justin R. Crepp, Robert J. De Rosa, Silvano Desidera, Josh Eisner, Jonathan Fortney, Richard Freedman, Thomas Henning, Karl-Heinz Hofmann, Taisiya Kopytova, Roxana Lupu, Anne-Lise Maire, Jared R. Males, Mark Marley, Katie Morzinski, Apurva Oza, Jenny Patience, Abhijith Rajan, George Rieke, Dieter Schertl, Joshua Schlieder, Jordan Stone, Kate Su, Amali Vaz, Channon Visscher, Kimberly Ward-Duong, Gerd Weigelt, Charles E. Woodward 2016 University of Arizona

Leech Exoplanet Imaging Survey: Characterization Of The Coldest Directly Imaged Exoplanet, Gj 504 B, And Evidence For Super-Stellar Metallicity, Andrew J. Skemer, Caroline V. Morley, Neil T. Zimmerman, Michael F. Skrutskie, Jarron Leisenring, Esther Buenzli, Mickael Bonnefoy, Vanessa Bailey, Philip Hinz, Denis Defrere, Simone Esposito, Daniel Apai, Beth Biller, Wolfgang Brandner, Laird Close, Justin R. Crepp, Robert J. De Rosa, Silvano Desidera, Josh Eisner, Jonathan Fortney, Richard Freedman, Thomas Henning, Karl-Heinz Hofmann, Taisiya Kopytova, Roxana Lupu, Anne-Lise Maire, Jared R. Males, Mark Marley, Katie Morzinski, Apurva Oza, Jenny Patience, Abhijith Rajan, George Rieke, Dieter Schertl, Joshua Schlieder, Jordan Stone, Kate Su, Amali Vaz, Channon Visscher, Kimberly Ward-Duong, Gerd Weigelt, Charles E. Woodward

Faculty Work: Comprehensive List

As gas giant planets and brown dwarfs radiate away the residual heat from their formation, they cool through a spectral type transition from L to T, which encompasses the dissipation of cloud opacity and the appearance of strong methane absorption. While there are hundreds of known T-type brown dwarfs, the first generation of directly-imaged exoplanets were all L-type. Recently, Kuzuhara et al. (2013) announced the discovery of GJ 504 b, the first T dwarf exoplanet. GJ 504 b provides a unique opportunity to study the atmosphere of a new type of exoplanet with a ∼500 K temperature that bridges the ...


The Allure Of Mathematics Or Book Review: Seduced By Logic: E ́Milie Du ChˆAtelet, Mary Somerville, And The Newtonian Revolution, By Robyn Arianrhod, Elizabeth A. Lamprecht 2016 Adrian College

The Allure Of Mathematics Or Book Review: Seduced By Logic: E ́Milie Du ChˆAtelet, Mary Somerville, And The Newtonian Revolution, By Robyn Arianrhod, Elizabeth A. Lamprecht

Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

Today, there is a tendency to overlook the contributions of women such as Émilie du Châtelet and Mary Somerville; yet, despite numerous obstacles, they were able to make meaningful contributions to science. This review of Robyn Arianrhod’s book provides brief biographical summaries of the lives of these extraordinary women. It also considers some of the ramifications of Isaac Newton’s theory.

Throughout history, various factors have impeded women from full participation in scientific research; nevertheless, Émilie du Châtelet and Mary Somerville found and took advantage of opportunities to engage in scientific activities. This raises the question: had these women ...


The Differentialgeometry Package, Ian M. Anderson, Charles G. Torre 2016 Utah State University

The Differentialgeometry Package, Ian M. Anderson, Charles G. Torre

Downloads

This is the entire DifferentialGeometry package, a zip file (DifferentialGeometry.zip) containing (1) a Maple Library file, DifferentialGeometryUSU.mla, (2) a Maple help file DifferentialGeometry.help. This is the latest version of the DifferentialGeometry software; it supersedes what is released with Maple. It has been tested on Maple versions 17, 18, 2015.

Installation instructions


Evidence Of Dispersion And Refraction Of A Spectrally Broad Gravity Wave Packet In The Mesopause Region Observed By The Na Lidar And Mesospheric Temperature Mapper Above Logan, Utah (In Press), T. Yuan, C. Heale, J. Snively, X. Cai, P. Pautet, C. Fish, Y. Zhao, M. Taylor, W. Pendelton, V. Wickwar, N. Mitchell 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Evidence Of Dispersion And Refraction Of A Spectrally Broad Gravity Wave Packet In The Mesopause Region Observed By The Na Lidar And Mesospheric Temperature Mapper Above Logan, Utah (In Press), T. Yuan, C. Heale, J. Snively, X. Cai, P. Pautet, C. Fish, Y. Zhao, M. Taylor, W. Pendelton, V. Wickwar, N. Mitchell

Jonathan B. Snively

"Gravity wave packets excited by a source of finite duration and size possess a broad frequency and wave number spectrum and thus span a range of temporal and spatial scales. Observing at a single location relatively close to the source, the wave components with higher frequency and larger vertical wavelength dominate at earlier times and at higher altitudes, while the lower frequency components, with shorter vertical wavelength, dominate during the latter part of the propagation. Utilizing observations from the Na lidar at Utah State University and the nearby Mesospheric Temperature Mapper at Bear Lake Observatory (41.9°N, 111.4 ...


Holographic Renormalization Of Asymptotically Lifshitz Spacetimes, Robert McNees, Robert Mann 2016 Loyola University Chicago

Holographic Renormalization Of Asymptotically Lifshitz Spacetimes, Robert Mcnees, Robert Mann

Robert A McNees IV

A variational formulation is given for a theory of gravity coupled to a massive vector in four dimensions, with Asymptotically Lifshitz boundary conditions on the fields. For theories with critical exponent z=2 we obtain a well-defined variational principle by explicitly constructing two actions with local boundary counterterms. As part of our analysis we obtain solutions of these theories on a neighborhood of spatial infinity, study the asymptotic symmetries, and consider different definitions of the boundary stress tensor and associated charges. A constraint on the boundary data for the fields figures prominently in one of our formulations, and in that ...


Black Holes In The Conical Ensemble, Robert McNees, Daniel Grumiller 2016 Loyola University Chicago

Black Holes In The Conical Ensemble, Robert Mcnees, Daniel Grumiller

Robert A McNees IV

We consider black holes in an “unsuitable box”: a finite cavity coupled to a thermal reservoir at a temperature different than the black hole’s Hawking temperature. These black holes are described by metrics that are continuous but not differentiable due to a conical singularity at the horizon. We include them in the Euclidean path integral sum over configurations, and analyze the effect this has on black hole thermodynamics in the canonical ensemble. Black holes with a small deficit (or surplus) angle may have a smaller internal energy or larger density of states than the nearby smooth black hole, but ...


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