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Multivariate Spectral Analysis Of Crism Data To Characterize The Composition Of Mawrth Vallis, Melissa Luna 2018 Wesleyan University

Multivariate Spectral Analysis Of Crism Data To Characterize The Composition Of Mawrth Vallis, Melissa Luna

Melissa Luna

No abstract provided.


Experiments With The Gravitational Constant, Vildyan Yanbikov 2018 Yanbikov Vildyan Shavkyatovich

Experiments With The Gravitational Constant, Vildyan Yanbikov

Vildyan Yanbikov

Описание эксперимента определяющий зависимость гравитационной постоянной массы, центра тяжести и расстояние до этого центра


Technology, Hyperbole, And Irony, Alan G. Gross 2018 university of minnesota- twin cities

Technology, Hyperbole, And Irony, Alan G. Gross

Poroi

Except for metaphor, tropes are arguably irrelevant to the analysis of science and technology. Among tropes, moreover, hyperbole and irony seem particularly ill-suited as the former exaggerates, while the latter undermines, two strategies at odds with a language intent on closely following the contours of the world of experience. While neither hyperbole nor irony has a place in the professional discourses of science and technology, both play a role in their popular representations. Hyperbole expresses our sense that these achievements exemplify the sublime, a form of experience applied at first to feelings of awe generated by great literature, then in ...


Galileo Unbound: Synopsis And Outline, David D. Nolte 2017 Purdue University

Galileo Unbound: Synopsis And Outline, David D. Nolte

David D Nolte

In June of 1633 Galileo was found guilty of heresy and sentenced to house arrest for what remained of his life.  He was a renaissance Prometheus, bound for giving knowledge to humanity.  With little to do, and allowed few visitors, he at last had the uninterrupted time to finish his life’s labor.  When Two New Sciences was published in 1638 it contained the seeds of the science of motion that would mature into a grand and abstract vision that permeates all science today.
Galileo Unbound: A Path Across Life, The Universe and Everything explores how our understanding of motion ...


Shape Modeling And Boulder Mapping Of Asteroid 1992 Uy4, Nicholas Duong 2017 Murray State University

Shape Modeling And Boulder Mapping Of Asteroid 1992 Uy4, Nicholas Duong

Posters-at-the-Capitol

The structure and history of near-Earth asteroids are important to
study because they collide with Earth, sometimes with significant consequences for
climate and the survival of many species, including our own. If NASA is ever to deflect an asteroid on a collision course, it is crucial to know as much as possible about its size, composition, structure and boulder distribution. The boulder
distribution in turn helps to map the asteroid's gravitational field.

1992 UY4 is a near-Earth asteroid discovered in 1992. In August 2005, UY4 made a
``close" (for space) pass of Earth, about 15x farther than the Moon ...


Detection Of Survival And Proliferation Of Sulfate Reducers Under Simulated Martian Atmospheric And Soil Conditions, Sergio Mosquera Mora 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Detection Of Survival And Proliferation Of Sulfate Reducers Under Simulated Martian Atmospheric And Soil Conditions, Sergio Mosquera Mora

Theses and Dissertations

Numerous studies have tried to determine the survivability and proliferation of microorganisms under simulated Martian conditions. Furthermore, most of them have been focused on the ability of these microbes to cope with high brines’ salt (NaCl) concentrations inherent of the Martian surface. However, there are not studies related to the ability of bacteria to survive on subsurface environments that have increasing concentrations of sulfate compounds. For this research, a group of microorganisms known as sulfate-reducing bacteria or simply sulfate reducers were chosen due to their ability to use sulfate compounds as terminal electron acceptors to produce metabolic energy, their tolerance ...


Introduction To The Usu Library Of Solutions To The Einstein Field Equations, Ian M. Anderson, Charles G. Torre 2017 ian.anderson@usu.edu

Introduction To The Usu Library Of Solutions To The Einstein Field Equations, Ian M. Anderson, Charles G. Torre

Tutorials on... in 1 hour or less

This is a Maple worksheet providing an introduction to the USU Library of Solutions to the Einstein Field Equations. The library is part of the DifferentialGeometry software project and is a collection of symbolic data and metadata describing solutions to the Einstein equations.


Evaporated Aluminum Fluoride As A Barrier Layer To Retard Oxidation Of Aluminum Mirrors, Margaret Miles 2017 Brigham Young University

Evaporated Aluminum Fluoride As A Barrier Layer To Retard Oxidation Of Aluminum Mirrors, Margaret Miles

All Theses and Dissertations

The aluminum oxide growth rate for aluminum protected with 2.4 nm of aluminum fluoride has been determined. We show that a 2.4 nm aluminum fluoride layer does not prevent aluminum from oxidation but does significantly retard the oxide growth – decreasing the oxide layer thickness from 1 nm in less than an hour to 0.9 nm over 116 hours. Additionally, the optical constants for aluminum oxide growing under an aluminum fluoride barrier layer have been determined – showing an increase in absorption at high energies for Al2O3 forming at room temperature as compared to highly ordered ...


Machine Learning To Discover And Optimize Materials, Conrad Waldhar Rosenbrock 2017 Brigham Young University

Machine Learning To Discover And Optimize Materials, Conrad Waldhar Rosenbrock

All Theses and Dissertations

For centuries, scientists have dreamed of creating materials by design. Rather than discovery by accident, bespoke materials could be tailored to fulfill specific technological needs. Quantum theory and computational methods are essentially equal to the task, and computational power is the new bottleneck. Machine learning has the potential to solve that problem by approximating material behavior at multiple length scales. A full end-to-end solution must allow us to approximate the quantum mechanics, microstructure and engineering tasks well enough to be predictive in the real world. In this dissertation, I present algorithms and methodology to address some of these problems at ...


The Morphology And Uniformity Of Circumstellar Oh/H2O Masers Around Oh/Ir Stars, Derek Sean Felli 2017 Brigham Young University

The Morphology And Uniformity Of Circumstellar Oh/H2O Masers Around Oh/Ir Stars, Derek Sean Felli

All Theses and Dissertations

Even though low mass stars (< 8 solar masses) vastly outnumber high mass stars (< 8 solar masses), the more massive stars drive the chemical evolution of galaxies from which the next generation of stars and planets can form. Understanding mass loss of asymptotic giant branch stars contributes to our understanding of the chemical evolution of the galaxy, stellar populations, and star formation history. Stars with mass < 8 solar masses form planetary nebulae, while those with mass < 8 solar masses go supernova. In both cases, these stars enrich their environments with elements heavier than simple hydrogen and helium molecules. While some general info about how stars die and form planetary nebulae are known, specific details are missing due to a lack of high-resolution observations and analysis of the intermediate stages. For example, we know that mass loss in stars creates morphologically diverse planetary nebulae, but we do not know the uniformity of these processes, and therefore lack detailed models to better predict how spherically symmetric stars form asymmetric nebulae. We have selected a specific group of late-stage stars and observed them at different scales to reveal the uniformity of mass loss through different layers close to the star. This includes observing nearby masers that trace the molecular shell structure around these stars. This study revealed detailed structure that was analyzed for uniformity to place constraints on how the mass loss processes behave in models. These results will feed into our ability to create more detailed models to better predict the chemical evolution of the next generation of stars and planets.


Energy From Active Galactic Nuclei And The Effects On Host Spiral Galaxies, Amanda Schilling 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Energy From Active Galactic Nuclei And The Effects On Host Spiral Galaxies, Amanda Schilling

Theses and Dissertations

I have investigated the energy output of active galactic nuclei (AGN) in order to understand how these objects evolve and the impact they may have on host galaxies. First, I looked at a sample of 96 AGN at redshifts $z \sim 2, 3,$ and $4$ which have imaging and thus luminosity measurements in the $griz$ and $JHK$ observed wavebands. For these galaxies, I have co-epochal data across those bands which accounted for variability in AGN luminosity. I used the luminosity measurements in the five bands to construct spectral energy distributions (SED) in the emitted optical-UV bands for each AGN. I ...


Physical Properties Of Faint Meteors Through High-Resolution Observations, Dilini Subasinghe 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Physical Properties Of Faint Meteors Through High-Resolution Observations, Dilini Subasinghe

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Small, faint meteors (with masses between 10-7 and 10-4 kg) were once part of an asteroid or comet, and collide with Earth's atmosphere daily. Studying meteors is an effective way to survey the physical properties of their parent bodies. Meteor light curves and orbital information is easily obtained from wide-field observations, from which meteoroid structure can be inferred through meteoroid ablation modelling. A high-resolution narrow-field camera can provide much more detail about the poorly understood ablation processes and physical properties of the meteoroid. The goal of this thesis is to better understand the physical properties of meteors ...


Gw151226: Observation Of Gravitational Waves From A 22-Solar-Mass Binary Black Hole Coalescence, B. P. Abbott, K. Gill, B. Hughey, M. J. Szczepanczyk, M. Zanolin, et al. 2017 California Institute of Technology

Gw151226: Observation Of Gravitational Waves From A 22-Solar-Mass Binary Black Hole Coalescence, B. P. Abbott, K. Gill, B. Hughey, M. J. Szczepanczyk, M. Zanolin, Et Al.

Michele Zanolin

We report the observation of a gravitational-wave signal produced by the coalescence of two stellar-mass black holes. The signal, GW151226, was observed by the twin detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) on December 26, 2015 at 03:38:53 UTC. The signal was initially identified within 70 s by an online matched-filter search targeting binary coalescences. Subsequent off-line analyses recovered GW151226 with a network signal-to-noise ratio of 13 and a significance greater than 5 σ. The signal persisted in the LIGO frequency band for approximately 1 s, increasing in frequency and amplitude over about 55 cycles from 35 ...


Table Of Contents, 2017 University of South Carolina

Table Of Contents

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


A Gravitational-Wave Standard Siren Measurement Of The Hubble Constant, B. P. Abbott, K. AultONeal, S. Gaudio, K. Gill, E. M. Gretarrson, B. Hughey, M. Muratore, J. W. W. Pratt, S. G. Schwalde, K. Staats, M. J. Szczepańczyk, M. Zanolin, et al. 2017 California Institute of Technology

A Gravitational-Wave Standard Siren Measurement Of The Hubble Constant, B. P. Abbott, K. Aultoneal, S. Gaudio, K. Gill, E. M. Gretarrson, B. Hughey, M. Muratore, J. W. W. Pratt, S. G. Schwalde, K. Staats, M. J. Szczepańczyk, M. Zanolin, Et Al.

Publications

The detection of GW170817 (Abbott et al. 2017a) in both gravitational waves and electromagnetic waves heralds the age of gravitational-wave multi-messenger astronomy. On 17 August 2017 the Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) (LIGO Scientific Collaboration et al. 2015) and Virgo (Acernese et al. 2015) detectors observed GW170817, a strong signal from the merger of a binary neutron-star system. Less than 2 seconds after the merger, a gamma-ray burst (GRB 170817A) was detected within a region of the sky consistent with the LIGO-Virgo-derived location of the gravitational-wave source (Abbott et al. 2017b; Goldstein et al. 2017; Savchenko et al. 2017 ...


Kelt-20b: A Giant Planet With A Period Of P ~ 3.5 Days Transiting The V ~ 7.6 Early A Star Hd 185603, M. B. Lund, J. E. Rodriguez, G. Zhou, B. S. Gaudi, K. G. Stassun, M. C. Johnson, A. Bieryla, R. J. Oelkers, D. J. Stevens, K. A. Collins, K. Penev, S. N. Quinn, D. W. Latham, S. Villanueva Jr., J. D. Eastman, J. F. Kielkopf, T. E. Oberst, Eric L.N. Jensen, David H. Cohen, M. D. Joner, D. C. Stephens, H. Relles, G. Corfini, J. Gregorio, R. Zambelli, G. A. Esquerdo, M. L. Calkins, P. Berlind, D. R. Ciardi, C. Dressing, R. Patel, P. Gagnon, E. Gonzales, T. G. Beatty, R. J. Siverd, J. Labadie-Bartz, R. B. Kuhn, K. D. Colón, D. James, J. Pepper, B. J. Fulton, K. K. McLeod, C. Stockdale, S. Calchi Novati, D. L. DePoy, A. Gould, J. L. Marshall, M. Trueblood, P. Trueblood, J. A. Johnson, J. Wright, N. McCrady, R. A. Wittenmyer, S. A. Johnson, A. Sergi, M. Wilson, D. H. Sliski 2017 Swarthmore College

Kelt-20b: A Giant Planet With A Period Of P ~ 3.5 Days Transiting The V ~ 7.6 Early A Star Hd 185603, M. B. Lund, J. E. Rodriguez, G. Zhou, B. S. Gaudi, K. G. Stassun, M. C. Johnson, A. Bieryla, R. J. Oelkers, D. J. Stevens, K. A. Collins, K. Penev, S. N. Quinn, D. W. Latham, S. Villanueva Jr., J. D. Eastman, J. F. Kielkopf, T. E. Oberst, Eric L.N. Jensen, David H. Cohen, M. D. Joner, D. C. Stephens, H. Relles, G. Corfini, J. Gregorio, R. Zambelli, G. A. Esquerdo, M. L. Calkins, P. Berlind, D. R. Ciardi, C. Dressing, R. Patel, P. Gagnon, E. Gonzales, T. G. Beatty, R. J. Siverd, J. Labadie-Bartz, R. B. Kuhn, K. D. Colón, D. James, J. Pepper, B. J. Fulton, K. K. Mcleod, C. Stockdale, S. Calchi Novati, D. L. Depoy, A. Gould, J. L. Marshall, M. Trueblood, P. Trueblood, J. A. Johnson, J. Wright, N. Mccrady, R. A. Wittenmyer, S. A. Johnson, A. Sergi, M. Wilson, D. H. Sliski

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Works

We report the discovery of KELT-20b, a hot Jupiter transiting a early A star, HD 185603, with an orbital period of days. Archival and follow-up photometry, Gaia parallax, radial velocities, Doppler tomography, and AO imaging were used to confirm the planetary nature of KELT-20b and characterize the system. From global modeling we infer that KELT-20 is a rapidly rotating ( ) A2V star with an effective temperature of K, mass of , radius of , surface gravity of , and age of . The planetary companion has a radius of , a semimajor axis of au, and a linear ephemeris of . We place a upper limit of ...


A Micro-Raman Study Of Exfoliated Few-Layered N-Type Bi2 Te2.7 Se0.3, Liu Fengjiao, Karakaya Mehmet, Pooja Puneet, Rahul Rao, Podila Ramakrishna, Sriparna Bhattacharya, Apparao M. Rao 2017 Clemson University

A Micro-Raman Study Of Exfoliated Few-Layered N-Type Bi2 Te2.7 Se0.3, Liu Fengjiao, Karakaya Mehmet, Pooja Puneet, Rahul Rao, Podila Ramakrishna, Sriparna Bhattacharya, Apparao M. Rao

Publications

Previously we showed that the thermoelectric (TE) performance of bulk n-type Bi2Te2.7Se0.3 can be enhanced by subjecting it to a combined process of chemical or mechanical exfoliation (C/ME) followed by a rapid densification and restacking of the exfoliated layers via the spark-plasma-sintering technique (SPS). Here, we present a systematic micro-Raman study of two-dimensional flakes of n-type Bi2Te2.7Se0.3 produced by the C/ME process, as a function of the flake thickness. We found Raman evidence for flakes with: (i) integer number of quintuples which ...


Lattice Qcd Exploration Of Parton Pseudo-Distribution Functions, Kostas Orginos, Anatoly Radyushkin, Joseph Karpie, Savvas Zafeiropoulos 2017 Old Dominion University

Lattice Qcd Exploration Of Parton Pseudo-Distribution Functions, Kostas Orginos, Anatoly Radyushkin, Joseph Karpie, Savvas Zafeiropoulos

Physics Faculty Publications

We demonstrate a new method of extracting parton distributions from lattice calculations. The starting idea is to treat the generic equal-time matrix element M(Pz(3), z(3)(2)) as a function of the Ioffe time nu = Pz(3) and the distance z(3). The next step is to divide M(Pz(3), z(3)(2)) by the rest-frame density M(0, z(3)(2)). Our lattice calculation shows a linear exponential z(3)-dependence in the rest-frame function, expected from the Z(z(3)(2)) factor generated by the gauge link. Still, we observe that the ratio M (Pz ...


Book Review: Chandra's Cosmos: Dark Matter, Black Holes, And Other Wonders Revealed By Nasa's Premier X-Ray Observatory, T. D. Oswalt 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Book Review: Chandra's Cosmos: Dark Matter, Black Holes, And Other Wonders Revealed By Nasa's Premier X-Ray Observatory, T. D. Oswalt

Publications

This document is Dr. Oswalt’s review of Chandra's cosmos: dark matter, black holes, and other wonders revealed by NASA's premier X-ray observatory by Wallace H. Tucker. Smithsonian Books, 2017. 266p bibl index ISBN 9781588345875, $29.95; ISBN 9781588345882 ebook, contact publiser for price.


Solar Eclipse Induced Atmospheric Turbulence Effects On High Altitude Balloons, Fnu Anamika, Denise Buckner, Peter Henson, Jennifer Fowler, Nanette Valentour 2017 University of North Dakota

Solar Eclipse Induced Atmospheric Turbulence Effects On High Altitude Balloons, Fnu Anamika, Denise Buckner, Peter Henson, Jennifer Fowler, Nanette Valentour

2017 Academic High Altitude Conference

The North Dakota Atmospheric Education Student Initiated Research (ND-AESIR) team launched a balloon during the total solar eclipse in Rexburg, Idaho. After the umbra’s passage, the balloon experienced unexpectedly high levels of atmospheric turbulence. Video footage taken from the payload displays the conditions, and analysis of flight path data models created from the iridium GPS confirm that unusually violent turbulence occurred. These forces caused the key rings holding the bottom of the parachute to the payload train to rip open; the balloon and parachute flew away and the payloads free fell to the surface from an altitude of 68 ...


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