Diverse Stellar Haloes In Nearby Milky Way Mass Disc Galaxies., 2017 University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
Diverse Stellar Haloes In Nearby Milky Way Mass Disc Galaxies., Benjamin Harmsen, Antonela Monachesi, Eric F. Bell, Roelof S. De Jong, Jeremy Bailin, David J. Radburn-Smith, Benne W. Holwerda
We have examined the resolved stellar populations at large galactocentric distances along the minor axis (from 10 kpc up to between 40 and 75 kpc), with limited major axis coverage, of six nearby highly inclined MilkyWay (MW) mass disc galaxies using Hubble Space Telescope data from the Galaxy haloes, Outer discs, Substructure, Thick discs, and Star clusters (GHOSTS) survey. We select red giant branch stars to derive stellar halo density profiles. The projected minor axis density profiles can be approximated by power laws with projected slopes of −2 to −3.7 and a diversity of stellar halo masses of 1 ...
Galaxy And Mass Assembly (Gama) : Active Galactic Nuclei In Pairs Of Galaxies., 2017 University of Hull
Galaxy And Mass Assembly (Gama) : Active Galactic Nuclei In Pairs Of Galaxies., Yjan A. Gordon, Matt S. Owers, Kevin A. Pimbblet, Scott M. Croom, Mehmet Alpaslan, Ivan K. Baldry, Sarah Brough, Michael J. I. Brown, Michelle E. Cluver, Christopher J. Conselice, Luke J. M. Davies, Benne W. Holwerda, Andrew M. Hopkins, Madusha L. P. Gunawardhana, Jonathan Loveday, Edward N. Taylor, Lingyu Wang
There exist conflicting observations on whether or not the environment of broad- and narrow-line active galatic nuclei (AGN) differ and this consequently questions the validity of the AGN unification model. The high spectroscopic completeness of the Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey makes it ideal for a comprehensive analysis of the close environment of galaxies. To exploit this, and conduct a comparative analysis of the environment of broad- and narrow-line AGN within GAMA, we use a double-Gaussian emission line fitting method to model the more complex line profiles associated with broad-line AGN. We select 209 type 1 (i.e. unobscured ...
Evidence For The Concurrent Growth Of Thick Discs And Central Mass Concentrations From S4g Imaging., 2017 University of Oulu
Evidence For The Concurrent Growth Of Thick Discs And Central Mass Concentrations From S4g Imaging., S. Comeron, B. G. Elmegreen, H. Salo, E. Laurikainen, Benne W. Holwerda, J. H. Knapen
We have produced 3.6 μm + 4.5 μm vertically integrated radial luminosity profiles of 69 edge-on galaxies from the Spitzer Survey of Stellar Structure in Galaxies (S4G). We decomposed the luminosity profiles into a disc and a central mass concentration (CMC). These fits, combined with thin/thick disc decompositions from our previous studies, allow us to estimate the masses of the CMCs, the thick discs, and the thin discs (ℳCMC, ℳT, and ℳT). We obtained atomic disc masses (ℳg) from the literature. We then consider the CMC and the thick disc to be dynamically hot components and ...
The Sizes Of Candidate Z~9-10 Galaxies : Confirmation Of The Bright Candels Sample And Relation With Luminosity And Mass., 2017 University of Louisville
The Sizes Of Candidate Z~9-10 Galaxies : Confirmation Of The Bright Candels Sample And Relation With Luminosity And Mass., Benne W. Holwerda, R. J. Bouwens, P. A. Oesch, R. Smit, G. D. Illingworth, I. Labbe
Recently, a small sample of six z ∼ 9–10 candidates was discovered in CANDELS that are ~-´ 10 20 more luminous than any of the previous z ∼ 9–10 galaxies identified over the HUDF/XDF and CLASH fields. We measure the sizes of these candidates to map out the size evolution of galaxies from the earliest observable times. Their sizes are also used to provide a valuable constraint on whether these unusual galaxy candidates are at high redshift. Using galfit to derive sizes from the CANDELS F160W images of these candidates, we find a mean size of 0. 13 0. 0 ...
Uv Luminosity Functions At Redshifts Z~4 To Z~10 : 10,000 Galaxies From Hst Legacy Fields., 2017 Leiden University
Uv Luminosity Functions At Redshifts Z~4 To Z~10 : 10,000 Galaxies From Hst Legacy Fields., R. J. Bouwens, G. D. Illingworth, P. A. Oesch, M. Trenti, I. Labbe, L. Bradley, C. M. Carollo, P. G. Van Dokkum, V. Gonzalez, Benne W. Holwerda, M. Franx, L. Spitler, R. Smit, D. Magee
The remarkable Hubble Space Telescope (HST) data sets from the CANDELS, HUDF09, HUDF12, ERS, and BoRG/HIPPIES programs have allowed us to map the evolution of the rest-frame UV luminosity function (LF) from z ~ 10 to z ~ 4. We develop new color criteria that more optimally utilize the full wavelength coverage from the optical, near-IR, and mid-IR observations over our search fields, while simultaneously minimizing the incompleteness and eliminating redshift gaps. We have identified 5859, 3001, 857, 481, 217, and 6 galaxy candidates at z ~ 4, z ~ 5, z ~ 6, z ~ 7, z ~ 8, and z ~ 10, respectively, from the ...
Galaxy And Mass Assembly (Gama) : The Stellar Mass Budget By Galaxy Type., 2017 University of Western Australia
Galaxy And Mass Assembly (Gama) : The Stellar Mass Budget By Galaxy Type., Amanda J. Moffett, Stephen A. Ingarfield, Simon P. Driver, Aaron S. G. Robotham, Lee S. Kelvin, Rebecca Lange, Uros Mestric, Mehmet Alpaslan, Ivan K. Baldry, Joss Bland-Hawthorn, Sarah Brough, Michelle Cluver, Luke J. M. Davies, Benne W. Holwerda, Andrew M. Hopkins, Prajwal R. Kafle, Rebecca Kennedy, Peder Norberg, Edward N. Taylor
We report an expanded sample of visual morphological classifications from the Galaxy and Mass Assembly survey phase two, which now includes 7556 objects (previously 3727 in phase one). We define a local (z < 0.06) sample and classify galaxies into E, S0-Sa, SB0-SBa, Sab-Scd, SBab-SBcd, Sd-Irr, and ‘little blue spheroid’ types. Using these updated classifications, we derive stellar mass function fits to individual galaxy populations divided both by morphological class and more general spheroid- or disc-dominated categories with a lower mass limit of log(M*/M⊙) = 8 (one dex below earlier morphological mass function determinations). We find that all individual ...
The Mass Profile And Shape Of Bars In The Spitzer Survey Of Stellar Structure In Galaxies (S4g) : Search For An Age Indicator For Bars., Taehyun Kim, Kartik Sheth, Dimitri A. Gadotti, Myung Gyoon Lee, Dennis Zaritsky, Bruce G. Elmegreen, E. Athanassoula, Albert Bosma, Benne W. Holwerda, Luis C. Ho, Sebastien Comeron, Johan H. Knapen, Joannah Hinz, Juan Carlos Munoz-Mateos, Santiago Erroz-Ferrer, Ronald J. Buta, Minjin Kim, Eija Laurikainen, Heikki Salo, Barry F. Madore, Jarkko Laine, Karin Menendez-Delmestre, Michael Regan, Bonita De Swardt, Armando Gil De Paz, Mark Seibert, Trisha Mizusawa
We have measured the radial light profiles and global shapes of bars using two-dimensional 3.6μm image decompositions for 144 face-on barred galaxies from the Spitzer Survey of Stellar Structure in Galaxies. The bar surface brightness profile is correlated with the stellar mass and bulge-to-total (B/T) ratio of their host galaxies. Bars in massive and bulge-dominated galaxies (B/T > 0.2) show a flat profile, while bars in less massive, disk-dominated galaxies (B/T ∼ 0) show an exponential, disk-like profile with a wider spread in the radial profile than in the bulge-dominated galaxies. The global two-dimensional shapes of bars ...
Morphology Parameters : Substructure Identification In X-Ray Galaxy Clusters., 2017 University of Cape Town
Morphology Parameters : Substructure Identification In X-Ray Galaxy Clusters., Viral Parekh, Kurt Van Der Heyden, Chiara Ferrari, Garry Angus, Benne W. Holwerda
Context. In recent years multi-wavelength observations have shown the presence of substructures related to merging events in a large proportion of galaxy clusters. Clusters can be roughly grouped into two categories – relaxed and non-relaxed – and a proper characterisation of the dynamical state of these systems is crucial for both astrophysical and cosmological studies.
Aims. In this paper we investigate the use of a number of morphological parameters (Gini, M20, concentration, asymmetry, smoothness, ellipticity, and Gini of the second-order moment, GM) introduced to automatically classify clusters as relaxed or dynamically disturbed systems.
Methods. We apply our method to a ...
Sn Ia Host Galaxy Properties And The Dust Extinction Distribution., 2017 University of Louisville
Sn Ia Host Galaxy Properties And The Dust Extinction Distribution., Benne W. Holwerda, A. Reynolds, M. Smith, R. C. Kraan-Korteweg
Type Ia supernovae (SNeIa) display a complex relation with their host galaxies. An important prior to the fit of the supernovae's light curve is the distribution of host galaxy extinction values that can be encountered. The Sloan Digital Sky Survey SuperNova survey project has published light-curve fits using both mlcs2k2 and salt2. We use the former fits extinction parameter (AV) to map this distribution of extinction values. We explore the dependence of this distribution on four observables; the inclination of the host galaxy disc, radial position of the supernova, redshift of the supernova and host, and the level of ...
High-Precision Photometric Redshifts From Spitzer/Irac : Extreme [3.6] - [4.5] Colors Identify Galaxies In The Redshift Range Z ~ 6.6 - 6.9., Renske Smit, Rychard J. Bouwens, Marijn Franx, Pascal A. Oesch, Matthew L. N. Ashby, S. P. Millner, Ivo Labbe, Benne W. Holwerda, Giovanni G. Fazio, J. S. Huang
One of the most challenging aspects of studying galaxies in the z 7 universe is the infrequent confirmation of their redshifts through spectroscopy, a phenomenon thought to occur from the increasing opacity of the intergalactic medium to Lyα photons at z > 6.5. The resulting redshift uncertainties inhibit the efficient search for [C II] in z ~ 7 galaxies with sub-millimeter instruments such as ALMA, given their limited scan speed for faint lines. One means by which to improve the precision of the inferred redshifts is to exploit the potential impact of strong nebular emission lines on the colors of z ...
Galaxy And Mass Assembly (Gama) : Galaxy Close Pairs, Mergers And The Future Fate Of Stellar Mass., 2017 University of Western Australia
Galaxy And Mass Assembly (Gama) : Galaxy Close Pairs, Mergers And The Future Fate Of Stellar Mass., A. S. G. Robotham, S. P. Driver, L. J. M. Davies, A. M. Hopkins, I. K. Baldry, N. K. Agius, A. E. Bauer, J. Bland-Hawthorn, S. Brough, M. J. I. Brown, M. Cluver, R. De Propis, M. J. Drinkwater, Benne W. Holwerda, L. S. Kelvin, M. A. Lara-Lopez, J. Liske, Angel R. Lopez-Sanchez, J. Loveday, S. Mahajan, T. Mcnaught-Roberts, A. Moffett, P. Norberg, D. Obreschkow, M. S. Owers, S. J. Penny, K. A. Pimbblet, M. Prescott, E. N. Taylor, E. Van Kampen, S. M. Wilkins
We use a highly complete subset of the Galaxy And Mass Assembly II (GAMA-II) redshift sample to fully describe the stellar mass dependence of close pairs and mergers between 108 and 1012 M⊙. Using the analytic form of this fit we investigate the total stellar mass accreting on to more massive galaxies across all mass ratios. Depending on how conservatively we select our robust merging systems, the fraction of mass merging on to more massive companions is 2.0–5.6 per cent. Using the GAMA-II data we see no significant evidence for a change in the close pair fraction ...
Galaxy And Mass Assembly (Gama) : The Wavelength Dependence Of Galaxy Structure Versus Redshift And Luminosity., 2017 University of Nottingham
Galaxy And Mass Assembly (Gama) : The Wavelength Dependence Of Galaxy Structure Versus Redshift And Luminosity., Rebecca Kennedy, Steven P. Bamford, Ivan K. Baldry, Boris Haußler, Benne W. Holwerda, Andrew M. Hopkins, Lee S. Kelvin, Rebecca Lange, Amanda J. Moffett, Cristina C. Popescu, Edward N. Taylor, Richard Tuffs, Marina Vika, Benedetta Vulcani
We study how the sizes and radial profiles of galaxies vary with wavelength, by fitting Sersic ´ functions simultaneously to imaging in nine optical and near-infrared bands. To quantify the wavelength dependence of effective radius we use the ratio, R, of measurements in two rest-frame bands. The dependence of Sersic index on wavelength, ´ N , is computed correspondingly. Vulcani et al. have demonstrated that different galaxy populations present sharply contrasting behaviour in terms of R and N . Here we study the luminosity dependence of this result. We find that at higher luminosities, early-type galaxies display a more substantial decrease in effective radius ...
A Classical Morphological Analysis Of Galaxies In The Spitzer Survey Of Stellar Structure In Galaxies (S4g)., 2017 University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
A Classical Morphological Analysis Of Galaxies In The Spitzer Survey Of Stellar Structure In Galaxies (S4g)., Ronald J. Buta, Kartik Sheth, E. Athanassoula, Albert Bosma, Johan H. Knapen, Eija Laurikainen, Heikki Salo, Debra M. Elmegreen, Luis C. Ho, Dennis Zaritsky, Helene M. Courtois, Joannah Hinz, Juan Carlos Muñoz-Mateos, Taehyun Kim, Michael Regan, Dimitri A. Gadotti, Armando Gil De Paz, Jarkko Laine, Karin Menendez-Delmestre, Sebastien Comeron, Santiago Erroz-Ferrer, Mark Seibert, Trisha Mizusawa, Benne W. Holwerda, Barry Madore
The Spitzer Survey of Stellar Structure in Galaxies (S4 G) is the largest available database of deep, homogeneous middle-infrared (mid-IR) images of galaxies of all types. The survey, which includes 2352 nearby galaxies, reveals galaxy morphology only minimally affected by interstellar extinction. This paper presents an atlas and classifications of S4 G galaxies in the Comprehensive de Vaucouleurs revised Hubble-Sandage (CVRHS) system. The CVRHS system follows the precepts of classical de Vaucouleurs morphology, modified to include recognition of other features such as inner, outer, and nuclear lenses, nuclear rings, bars, and disks, spheroidal galaxies, X patterns and box/peanut structures ...
Galaxy And Mass Assembly (Gama) Blended Spectra Catalogue : Strong Galaxy–Galaxy Lens And Occulting Galaxy Pair Candidates., 2017 University of Louisville
Galaxy And Mass Assembly (Gama) Blended Spectra Catalogue : Strong Galaxy–Galaxy Lens And Occulting Galaxy Pair Candidates., Benne W. Holwerda, I. K. Baldry, M. Alpaslan, A. E. Bauer, J. Bland-Hawthorn, S. Brough, M. J. I. Brown, M. E. Cluver, C. J. Conselice, S. P. Driver, A. M. Hopkins, D. H. Jones, Angel R. Lopez-Sanchez, J. Loveday, M. J. Meyer, A. Moffett
We present the catalogue of blended galaxy spectra from the Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey. These are cases where light from two galaxies are significantly detected in a single GAMA fibre. Galaxy pairs identified from their blended spectrum fall into two principal classes: they are either strong lenses, a passive galaxy lensing an emission-line galaxy; or occulting galaxies, serendipitous overlaps of two galaxies, of any type. Blended spectra can thus be used to reliably identify strong lenses for follow-up observations (high-resolution imaging) and occulting pairs, especially those that are a late-type partly obscuring an early-type galaxy which are of ...
Origin Of The Diffuse, Far Ultraviolet Emission In The Interarm Regions Of M101., 2017 University of Toledo
Origin Of The Diffuse, Far Ultraviolet Emission In The Interarm Regions Of M101., Alison F. Crocker, Rupali Chandar, Daniela Calzetti, Benne W. Holwerda, Claus Leitherer, Cristina C. Popescu, R. J. Tuffs
We present images from the Solar Blind Channel on the Hubble Space Telescope that resolve hundreds of farultraviolet (FUV) emitting stars in two ∼1 kpc2 interarm regions of the grand-design spiral M101. The luminosity functions of these stars are compared with predicted distributions from simple star formation histories, and are best reproduced when the star formation rate has recently declined (past 10–50 Myr). This pattern is consistent with stars forming within spiral arms and then streaming into the interarm regions. We measure the diffuse FUV surface brightness after subtracting all of the detected stars, clusters, and background galaxies. A ...
The Dependence Of The Av Prior For Sn Ia On Host Mass And Disc Inclination., 2017 University of Louisville
The Dependence Of The Av Prior For Sn Ia On Host Mass And Disc Inclination., Benne W. Holwerda, W. C. Keel, M. A. Kenworthy, K. J. Mack
Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) are used as ‘standard candles’ for cosmological distance scales. To fit their light-curve shape–absolute luminosity relation, one needs to assume an intrinsic colour and a likelihood of host galaxy extinction or a convolution of these, a colour distribution prior. The host galaxy extinction prior is typically assumed to be an exponential drop-off for the current supernova programmes ( P(AV)∝e−AV/τ0" role="presentation" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: normal; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; display: inline-table; word-spacing: normal; word-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction ...
Galaxy And Mass Assembly (Gama) : End Of Survey Report And Data Release 2., 2017 European Southern Observatory
Galaxy And Mass Assembly (Gama) : End Of Survey Report And Data Release 2., J. Liske, I. K. Baldry, S. P. Driver, R. J. Tuffs, M. Alpaslan, E. Andrae, S. Brough, M. E. Cluver, M. W. Grootes, M. L. P. Gunawardhana, L. S. Kelvin, J. Loveday, A. S. G. Robotham, E. N. Taylor, S. P. Bamford, J. Bland-Hawthorn, M. J. I. Brown, M. J. Drinkwater, A. M. Hopkins, M. Meyer, P. Norberg, J. A. Peacock, N. K. Agius, S. K. Andrews, A. E. Bauer, J. H. Y. Ching, M. Colless, C. J. Conselice, S. M. Croom, L. J. M. Davies, R. De Propris, L. Dunne, E. M. Eardley, S. Ellis, C. Foster, C. S. Frenk, B. Haußler, Benne W. Holwerda, C. Howlett, H. Ibarra, M. J. Jarvis, D. H. Jones, P. R. Kafle, C. G. Lacey, R. Lange, M. Lara-Lopez, Angel R. Lopez-Sanchez, S. J. Maddox, B. F. Madore, T. Mcnaught-Roberts, A. J. Moffett, R. C. Nichol, M. S. Owers, D. Palamara, S. J. Penny, S. Phillipps, K. A. Pimbblet, C. C. Popescu, M. Prescott, R. Proctor, E. M. Sadler, A. E. Sansom, M. Seibert, R. Sharp, W. Sutherland, J. A. Vazquez-Mata, E. Van Kampen, S. M. Wilkins, R. Williams, A. H. Wright
The Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey is one of the largest contemporary spectroscopic surveys of low redshift galaxies. Covering an area of ∼286 deg2 (split among five survey regions) down to a limiting magnitude of r < 19.8 mag, we have collected spectra and reliable redshifts for 238 000 objects using the AAOmega spectrograph on the Anglo-Australian Telescope. In addition, we have assembled imaging data from a number of independent surveys in order to generate photometry spanning the wavelength range 1 nm–1 m. Here, we report on the recently completed spectroscopic survey and present a series of diagnostics ...
Galaxy And Mass Assembly (Gama) : The Bright Void Galaxy Population In The Optical And Mid-Ir., 2017 University of Portsmouth
Galaxy And Mass Assembly (Gama) : The Bright Void Galaxy Population In The Optical And Mid-Ir., S. J. Penny, M. J. I. Brown, K. A. Pimbblet, M. E. Cluver, D. J. Croton, M. S. Owers, R. Lange, M. Alpaslan, I. K. Baldry, J. Bland-Hawthorn, S. Brough, S. P. Driver, Benne W. Holwerda, A. M. Hopkins, T. H. Jarrett, D. Heath Jones, L. S. Kelvin, M. A. Lara-Lopez, J. Liske, Angel R. Lopez-Sanchez, J. Loveday, M. Meyer, P. Norberg, A. S. G. Robotham, M. Rodrigues
We examine the properties of galaxies in the Galaxies and Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey located in voids with radii >10 h−1 Mpc. Utilizing the GAMA equatorial survey, 592 void galaxies are identified out to z ≈ 0.1 brighter than Mr = −18.4, our magnitude completeness limit. Using the WHα versus [N ii]/Hα (WHAN) line strength diagnostic diagram, we classify their spectra as star forming, AGN, or dominated by old stellar populations. For objects more massive than 5 × 109 M⊙, we identify a sample of 26 void galaxies with old stellar populations classed as passive and retired galaxies in ...
Herschel Observations Of Edge-On Spirals (Heroes) : Ii. Tilted-Ring Modelling Of The Atomic Gas Disks., F. Allaert, G. Gentile, M. Baes, G. De Geyter, T. M. Hughes, F. Lewis, S. Bianchi, I. De Looze, J. Fritz, Benne W. Holwerda, J. Verstappen, S. Viaene
Context. Edge-on galaxies can offer important insight into galaxy evolution because they are the only systems where the distribution of the different components can be studied both radially and vertically. The HEROES project was designed to investigate the interplay between the gas, dust, stars, and dark matter (DM) in a sample of 7 massive edge-on spiral galaxies. Aims. In this second HEROES paper, we present an analysis of the atomic gas content of 6 out of 7 galaxies in our sample. The remaining galaxy was recently analysed according to the same strategy. The primary aim of this work is to ...
Erratum : "The Impact Of Bars On Disk Breaks As Probed By S4g Imaging"., 2017 National Radio Astronomy Observatory
Erratum : "The Impact Of Bars On Disk Breaks As Probed By S4g Imaging"., Juan Carlos Muñoz-Mateos, Kartik Sheth, Armando Gil De Paz, Sharon Meidt, E. Athanassoula, Albert Bosma, Sebastien Comeron, Debra M. Elmegreen, Bruce G. Elmegreen, Santiago Erroz-Ferrer, Dimitri A. Gadotti, Joannah L. Hinz, Luis C. Ho, Benne W. Holwerda, Thomas H. Jarrett, Taehyun Kim, Johan H. Knapen, Jarkko Laine, Eija Laurikainen, Barry F. Madore, Karin Menendez-Delmestre, Trisha Mizusawa, Michael Regan, Heikki Salo, Eva Schinnerer, Michael Seibert, Ramin Skibba, Dennis Zaritsky
No abstract provided.