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Real-Time Rfi Mitigation In Radio Astronomy, Emily Ramey, Nick Joslyn, Richard Prestage, Michael Lam, Luke Hawkins, Tim Blattner, Mark Whitehead 2019 Washington University in St. Louis

Real-Time Rfi Mitigation In Radio Astronomy, Emily Ramey, Nick Joslyn, Richard Prestage, Michael Lam, Luke Hawkins, Tim Blattner, Mark Whitehead

Senior Honors Papers / Undergraduate Theses

As the use of wireless technology has increased around the world, Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) has become more and more of a problem for radio astronomers. Preventative measures exist to limit the presence of RFI, and programs exist to remove it from saved data, but the use of algorithms to detect and remove RFI as an observation is occurring is much less common. Such a method would be incredibly useful for observations in which the data must undergo several rounds of processing before being saved, as in pulsar timing studies. Strategies for real-time mitigation have been discussed and tested with ...


Table Of Contents, 2018 University of South Carolina

Table Of Contents

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Application Of Bradford’S Law Of Scattering On Research Publication In Astronomy & Astrophysics Of India, Satish Kumar, Senthilkumar R. 2018 Bharathiar University, Coimbatore & IIT(ISM) Dhanbad

Application Of Bradford’S Law Of Scattering On Research Publication In Astronomy & Astrophysics Of India, Satish Kumar, Senthilkumar R.

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The present study is focused on examining the application of Bradford’s law of scattering on research articles published in the field of Astronomy & Astrophysics by Indian scientist during 1988-2017. The bibliographic data was retrieved from Web of Science (WoS) bibliographic data base for different period of time. Total 18,877 journal’s article have been published by Indian scientist in the field of Astronomy & Astrophysics during 1988-2017 which was further retrieved and analyzed separately for different blocks of 10 years as well as for 30 years consolidated too. The core journal of the field was identified. The Bradford law ...


Multiwavelength, Machine Learning, And Parallax Studies Of X-Ray Binaries In Three Local Group Galaxies, Robin Arnason 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Multiwavelength, Machine Learning, And Parallax Studies Of X-Ray Binaries In Three Local Group Galaxies, Robin Arnason

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

X-ray binary stars are rare systems consisting of a black hole or neutron star and a main-sequence companion star. They are useful probes of galaxy properties and interesting laboratories for extreme physical conditions. In this thesis, I investigated the X-ray binary population of three galaxies in the Local Group.

The Sculptor Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy offers the chance to study a primordial low-mass X-ray binary (LMXB) population in an isolated, low-metallicity environment. Combining X-ray, optical, and infrared observations, I have studied nine previously-identified and discovered four additional LMXB candidates in this galaxy. Of these candidates, all but one are either background ...


Methanogens, Plausible Extraterrestrial Life Forms On Mars, And Their Tolerance To Increasing Concentrations Of Illite Clay, Chandler Kern 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Methanogens, Plausible Extraterrestrial Life Forms On Mars, And Their Tolerance To Increasing Concentrations Of Illite Clay, Chandler Kern

Biological Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses

Methanogens, some of Earth’s most primitive prokaryotic organisms, are candidates for possible life forms capable of inhabiting Mars. Specifically, four different species (Methanobacterium formicicum, Methanococcus maripaludis, Methanosarcina barkeri, Methanothermobacter wolfeii) were analyzed for their tolerance to the presence of illite clay. Illite is a crystalline mineral that has been identified from regions of Mars’s surface. Results indicated that all four species grew with some success in the illite at different concentrations. This experimentation with methanogens’ abilities to survive and reproduce in the presence of illite allows for a more accurate understanding of the potential capability of microbial growth ...


Challenges With Large Transverse Momentum In Semi-Inclusive Deeply Inelastic Scattering, J. O. Gonzalez-Hernandez, T. C. Rogers, N. Sato, B. Wang 2018 Old Dominion University

Challenges With Large Transverse Momentum In Semi-Inclusive Deeply Inelastic Scattering, J. O. Gonzalez-Hernandez, T. C. Rogers, N. Sato, B. Wang

Physics Faculty Publications

We survey the current phenomenological status of semi-inclusive deeply inelastic scattering at moderate hard scales and in the limit of very large transverse momentum. As the transverse momentum becomes comparable to or larger than the overall hard scale, the differential cross sections should be calculable with fixed order perturbative QCD (pQCD) methods, while small transverse momentum (transverse-momentum-dependent factorization) approximations should eventually break down. We find large disagreement between HERMES and COMPASS data and fixed order calculations done with modern parton densities, even in regions of kinematics where such calculations should be expected to be very accurate. Possible interpretations are suggested.


Magic, Matrimony, And The Moon: Medieval Lunar Symbolism In J.R.R. Tolkien’S “The Lay Of Aotrou And Itroun” And “The Fall Of Arthur”, Kristine Larsen 2018 Central Connecticut State University

Magic, Matrimony, And The Moon: Medieval Lunar Symbolism In J.R.R. Tolkien’S “The Lay Of Aotrou And Itroun” And “The Fall Of Arthur”, Kristine Larsen

Journal of Tolkien Research

This paper (originally delivered at the 2017 International Medieval Congress at the University of Leeds, UK) explores common lunar symbolism in "The Lay of Aotrou and Itroun" and "The Fall of Arthur."


Photospheric Radius Evolution Of Homologous Explosions, Liang-Duan Liu, Bing Zhang, Ling-Jun Wang, Zi-Gao Dai 2018 Nanjing University; University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Photospheric Radius Evolution Of Homologous Explosions, Liang-Duan Liu, Bing Zhang, Ling-Jun Wang, Zi-Gao Dai

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

Recent wide-field surveys discovered new types of peculiar optical transients that showed diverse behaviors of the evolution of photospheric properties. We develop a general theory of homologous explosions with constant opacity, paying special attention to the evolution of the photospheric radius R ph. We find that regardless of the density distribution profile, R ph always increases early on and decreases at late times. This result does not depend on the radiation and cooling processes inside the ejecta. The general rising/falling behavior of R ph can be used to quickly diagnose whether the source originates from a supernova-like explosion. The ...


Diffusion And Concentration Of Solids In The Dead Zone Of A Protoplanetary Disk, Chao-Chin Yang, Mordecai-Mark Mac Low, Anders Johansen 2018 Lund University; University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Diffusion And Concentration Of Solids In The Dead Zone Of A Protoplanetary Disk, Chao-Chin Yang, Mordecai-Mark Mac Low, Anders Johansen

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

The streaming instability is a promising mechanism to drive the formation of planetesimals in protoplanetary disks. To trigger this process, it has been argued that sedimentation of solids onto the mid-plane needs to be efficient, and therefore that a quiescent gaseous environment is required. It is often suggested that dead-zone or disk-wind structure created by non-ideal magnetohydrodynamical (MHD) effects meets this requirement. However, simulations have shown that the mid-plane of a dead zone is not completely quiescent. In order to examine the concentration of solids in such an environment, we use the local-shearing-box approximation to simulate a particlegas system with ...


Bunching Coherent Curvature Radiation In Three-Dimensional Magnetic Field Geometry: Application To Pulsars And Fast Radio Bursts, Yuan-Pei Yang, Bing Zhang 2018 Peking University; Chinese Academy of Sciences; KIAA-CAS Fellow

Bunching Coherent Curvature Radiation In Three-Dimensional Magnetic Field Geometry: Application To Pulsars And Fast Radio Bursts, Yuan-Pei Yang, Bing Zhang

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

The extremely high brightness temperatures of pulsars and fast radio bursts (FRBs) require their radiation mechanisms to be coherent. Coherent curvature radiation from bunches has been long discussed as the mechanism for radio pulsars and recently for FRBs. Assuming that bunches are already generated in pulsar magnetospheres, we calculate the spectrum of coherent curvature radiation under a three-dimensional magnetic field geometry. Different from previous works assuming parallel trajectories and a monoenergetic energy distribution of electrons, we consider a bunch characterized by its length, curvature radius of the trajectory family, bunch opening angle, and electron energy distribution. We find that the ...


Reason In Motion, Luke Francis 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Reason In Motion, Luke Francis

Student Works

This essay will explain the historical models of the solar system, which was the known universe for most of human history. There is far more to each model than simply positioning different celestial bodies at the center of the system, and the stories of the astronomers who derived the controversial theories are not discussed often enough. The creation of these theories is part of a much broader revolution in scientific thought and marked the start of a series of observational discoveries that would change the the philosophy of science for centuries to come.


Dance Of Two Supermassive Binary Black Holes, Karishma Bansal 2018 University of New Mexico

Dance Of Two Supermassive Binary Black Holes, Karishma Bansal

Shared Knowledge Conference

Black holes exist in a various range of masses ranging from stellar mass (~ 10 Solar Mass) to Supermassive black holes (SMBHs, million to billion Solar Mass). It is expected that as the separation between the black holes decreases, emission of gravitational waves will grow stronger, which makes binary black holes one of the most promising sources for gravitational radiation detection. Gravitational waves from merging stellar-mass black holes have recently been discovered by LIGO; however, we are yet to detect them from binary SMBHs. These massive black holes reside at the heart of most of the galaxies and when two such ...


Nonthermal Dark Matter From Early Matter Domination, Jacek Ksawery Osinski 2018 University of New Mexico

Nonthermal Dark Matter From Early Matter Domination, Jacek Ksawery Osinski

Shared Knowledge Conference

Dark matter (DM) production in the early universe traditionally assumes a standard thermal history where the universe is in a radiation-dominated phase after the end of inflation until matter-radiation equality. However, the presence of additional scalar fields (which is a generic prediction of explicit string constructions) can lead to an epoch of early matter domination (EMD) that ends before the onset of big bang nucleosynthesis. Such an EMD phase has important cosmological consequences and renders thermal production of DM irrelevant. We present three scenarios for DM production involving an era of EMD: evaporation of primordial black holes into DM, DM ...


The Undeniable Attraction Of Lunar Swirls, Cierra Waller, Dhananjay Ravat 2018 University of Kentucky

The Undeniable Attraction Of Lunar Swirls, Cierra Waller, Dhananjay Ravat

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Lunar swirls are complex patterns on the Moon with distinct brightness signatures and magnetic characteristics. Current research has suggested that the formation of lunar swirls relies on local magnetic fields to shield impinging solar wind, based on a shift in electromagnetic wavelength peaks related to solar radiation and space weathering. Our research combined recent models and methods to characterize these anomalies at the surface of the Moon, exploring the effects of field strength and position. We have produced a high resolution map of a famous swirl named Reiner Gamma using magnetic dipole modeling. These maps and models are considered when ...


5 - Irregularities In Young Stellar Models: Are Starspots To Blame?, Jessica Hamilton 2018 University of North Georgia

5 - Irregularities In Young Stellar Models: Are Starspots To Blame?, Jessica Hamilton

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Starspots are dark areas on a star’s surface formed by intense magnetic fields that actively suppress the flow of energy, causing the area to become cooler and darker than its surroundings. Starspots threaten a star’s equilibrium because they prevent energy from leaving the star, causing a buildup of pressure. The prevailing assumption is that increased pressure will cause the star to inflate, producing a cooler and larger star. For this reason, starspots have been proposed to explain why some stars appear cooler and larger than we expect. This requires energy blocked by a spot to be trapped deep ...


4 - A Flexible Model For Investigating The Properties Of Starspots: Comparison Of Model Predictions To Observed Data, Amanda Ash 2018 University of North Georgia

4 - A Flexible Model For Investigating The Properties Of Starspots: Comparison Of Model Predictions To Observed Data, Amanda Ash

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Accurate age estimates provide a wealth of information about the mechanisms of different astrophysical phenomenon. However, current methods of applying stellar evolution models to obtain these estimates has proven to be flawed, with models having little consistency. It has been speculated the source of this inconsistency may arise from deviations in stellar properties due to the presence of dark blemishes, starspots, present on young cool stars (Feiden, 2016). Using predictions of expected properties from the flexible starspot model to observed properties of various open clusters, we aim to define what starspot properties bring model predictions into agreement with observed data ...


Fast Radio Burst Energetics And Detectability From High Redshifts, Bing Zhang 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Fast Radio Burst Energetics And Detectability From High Redshifts, Bing Zhang

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

We estimate the upper limit redshifts of known fast radio bursts (FRBs) using the dispersion measure (DM)-redshift (z) relation and derive the upper limit peak luminosity L p and energy E of FRBs within the observational band. The average z upper limits range from 0.17 to 3.10, the average L p upper limits range from 1.24 × 1042 erg s−1 to 7.80 × 1044 erg s−1, and the average E upper limits range from 6.91 × 1039 erg to 1.94 × 1042 erg. FRB 160102 with DM = 2596.1 ± 0.3 pc cm−3 likely ...


Interaction Between Gravitational Radiation And Electromagnetic Radiation, Preston Jones, Douglas Singleton 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Interaction Between Gravitational Radiation And Electromagnetic Radiation, Preston Jones, Douglas Singleton

Publications

In this review paper we investigate the connection between gravity and electromagnetism from Faraday to the present day. The particular focus is on the connection between gravitational and electromagnetic radiation. We discuss electromagnetic radiation produced when a gravitational wave passes through a magnetic field. We then discuss the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with gravitational waves via Feynman diagrams of the process graviton + graviton → photon + photon. Finally we review recent work on the vacuum production of counterpart electromagnetic radiation by gravitational waves.


The Kelt Follow-Up Network And Transit False-Positive Catalog: Pre-Vetted False Positives For Tess, K. A. Collins, K. I. Collins, J. Pepper, J. Labadie-Bartz, K. G. Stassun, B. S. Gaudi, D. Bayliss, J. Bento, K. D. Colón, D. Feliz, D. James, M. C. Johnson, R. B. Kuhn, M. B. Lund, M. T. Penny, J. E. Rodriguez, R. J. Siverd, D. J. Stevens, X. Yao, G. Zhou, M. Akshay, G. F. Aldi, C. Ashcraft, S. Awiphan, Ö. Baştürk, D. Baker, T. G. Beatty, P. Benni, P. Berlind, G. B. Berriman, Z. Berta-Thompson, A. Bieryla, V. Bozza, S. C. Novati, M. L. Calkins, J. M. Cann, D. R. Ciardi, W. D. Cochran, David H. Cohen, D. Conti, J. R. Crepp, I. A. Curtis, G. D'Ago, K. A. Diazeguigure, C. D. Dressing, F. Dubois, E. Ellington, T. G. Ellis, G. A. Esquerdo, P. Evans, A. Friedli, A. Fukui, B. J. Fulton, E. J. Gonzales, J. C. Good, J. Gregorio, T. Gumusayak, D. A. Hancock, C. K. Harada, R. Hart, E. G. Hintz, H. Jang-Condell, E. J. Jeffery, Eric L.N. Jensen, E. Jofré, M. D. Joner, A. Kar, D. H. Kasper, B. Keten, J. F. Kielkopf, S. Komonjinda, C. Kotnik, D. W. Latham, J. Leuquire, T. R. Lewis, L. Logie, S. J. Lowther, P. J. Macqueen, T. J. Martin, D. Mawet, K. K. Mcleod, G. Murawski, N. Narita, J. Nordhausen, T. E. Oberst, C. Odden, P. A. Panka, R. Petrucci, P. Plavchan, S. N. Quinn, S. Rau, P. A. Reed, H. Relles, J. P. Renaud, G. Scarpetta, R. L. Sorber, A. D. Spencer, M. Spencer, D. C. Stephens, C. Stockdale, T.-G. Tan, M. Trueblood, P. Trueblood, S. Vanaverbeke, S. Villanueva Jr., E. M. Warner, M. L. West, S. Yalçınkaya, R. Yeigh, R. Zambelli 2018 Swarthmore College

The Kelt Follow-Up Network And Transit False-Positive Catalog: Pre-Vetted False Positives For Tess, K. A. Collins, K. I. Collins, J. Pepper, J. Labadie-Bartz, K. G. Stassun, B. S. Gaudi, D. Bayliss, J. Bento, K. D. Colón, D. Feliz, D. James, M. C. Johnson, R. B. Kuhn, M. B. Lund, M. T. Penny, J. E. Rodriguez, R. J. Siverd, D. J. Stevens, X. Yao, G. Zhou, M. Akshay, G. F. Aldi, C. Ashcraft, S. Awiphan, Ö. Baştürk, D. Baker, T. G. Beatty, P. Benni, P. Berlind, G. B. Berriman, Z. Berta-Thompson, A. Bieryla, V. Bozza, S. C. Novati, M. L. Calkins, J. M. Cann, D. R. Ciardi, W. D. Cochran, David H. Cohen, D. Conti, J. R. Crepp, I. A. Curtis, G. D'Ago, K. A. Diazeguigure, C. D. Dressing, F. Dubois, E. Ellington, T. G. Ellis, G. A. Esquerdo, P. Evans, A. Friedli, A. Fukui, B. J. Fulton, E. J. Gonzales, J. C. Good, J. Gregorio, T. Gumusayak, D. A. Hancock, C. K. Harada, R. Hart, E. G. Hintz, H. Jang-Condell, E. J. Jeffery, Eric L.N. Jensen, E. Jofré, M. D. Joner, A. Kar, D. H. Kasper, B. Keten, J. F. Kielkopf, S. Komonjinda, C. Kotnik, D. W. Latham, J. Leuquire, T. R. Lewis, L. Logie, S. J. Lowther, P. J. Macqueen, T. J. Martin, D. Mawet, K. K. Mcleod, G. Murawski, N. Narita, J. Nordhausen, T. E. Oberst, C. Odden, P. A. Panka, R. Petrucci, P. Plavchan, S. N. Quinn, S. Rau, P. A. Reed, H. Relles, J. P. Renaud, G. Scarpetta, R. L. Sorber, A. D. Spencer, M. Spencer, D. C. Stephens, C. Stockdale, T.-G. Tan, M. Trueblood, P. Trueblood, S. Vanaverbeke, S. Villanueva Jr., E. M. Warner, M. L. West, S. Yalçınkaya, R. Yeigh, R. Zambelli

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Works

The Kilodegree Extremely Little Telescope (KELT) project has been conducting a photometric survey of transiting planets orbiting bright stars for over 10 years. The KELT images have a pixel scale of ~23'' pixel⁻¹—very similar to that of NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS)—as well as a large point-spread function, and the KELT reduction pipeline uses a weighted photometric aperture with radius 3'. At this angular scale, multiple stars are typically blended in the photometric apertures. In order to identify false positives and confirm transiting exoplanets, we have assembled a follow-up network (KELT-FUN) to conduct imaging with ...


Search For A Dark Photon In Electroproduced E + E − Pairs With The Heavy Photon Search Experiment At Jlab, P. H. Adrian, N. A. Baltzell, M. Battaglieri, M. Bondí, S. Boyarinov, S. Bueltmann, G. Kalicy, H. Szumila-Vance, L. B. Weinstein, Heavy Photon Search Collaboration 2018 Old Dominion University

Search For A Dark Photon In Electroproduced E + E − Pairs With The Heavy Photon Search Experiment At Jlab, P. H. Adrian, N. A. Baltzell, M. Battaglieri, M. Bondí, S. Boyarinov, S. Bueltmann, G. Kalicy, H. Szumila-Vance, L. B. Weinstein, Heavy Photon Search Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

The Heavy Photon Search experiment took its first data in a 2015 engineering run using a 1.056 GeV, 50 nA electron beam provided by CEBAF at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, searching for a prompt, electroproduced dark photon with a mass between 19 and 81  MeV/c2. A search for a resonance in the e+e invariant mass distribution, using 1.7 days (1170  nb−1) of data, showed no evidence of dark photon decays above the large QED background, confirming earlier searches and demonstrating the full functionality of the experiment. Upper limits on the square of ...


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