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Real-Time Rfi Mitigation In Radio Astronomy, Emily Ramey, Nick Joslyn, Richard Prestage, Michael Lam, Luke Hawkins, Tim Blattner, Mark Whitehead 2019 Washington University in St. Louis

Real-Time Rfi Mitigation In Radio Astronomy, Emily Ramey, Nick Joslyn, Richard Prestage, Michael Lam, Luke Hawkins, Tim Blattner, Mark Whitehead

Senior Honors Papers / Undergraduate Theses

As the use of wireless technology has increased around the world, Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) has become more and more of a problem for radio astronomers. Preventative measures exist to limit the presence of RFI, and programs exist to remove it from saved data, but the use of algorithms to detect and remove RFI as an observation is occurring is much less common. Such a method would be incredibly useful for observations in which the data must undergo several rounds of processing before being saved, as in pulsar timing studies. Strategies for real-time mitigation have been discussed and tested with ...


Measurement Of Solar Spectral Irradiance And Surface Ozone At Carrollton, Georgia, Usa, During The Great American Eclipse On 21 August 2017, Kirthi Tennakone, L Ajith DeSilva, Charles A. Zander*, Shea Rose, Austin B. Kerlin 2019 Georgia State University

Measurement Of Solar Spectral Irradiance And Surface Ozone At Carrollton, Georgia, Usa, During The Great American Eclipse On 21 August 2017, Kirthi Tennakone, L Ajith Desilva, Charles A. Zander*, Shea Rose, Austin B. Kerlin

Georgia Journal of Science

Measurements conducted at the University of West Georgia, Carrollton, Georgia, during the time of the solar eclipse of 21st August 2017 demonstrated that the integrated spectral irradiance in defined wavelength ranges in the ultraviolet and visible calculated as a fraction of the total irradiance reached a minimum at maximum obscuration of the Sun, whereas in an infrared range it was maximum. The method of analysis adopted supports the view that the changes in spectral irradiance during highly obscured partial phases is a consequence of limb darkening. In a surface ozone measurement, a minimum in ozone concentration occurred 30 +_ ...


Engaging The Greater Lafayette Community In A Journey Through The Earth Sciences: Purdue’S Eaps Earth Science Passport Day Event, Dara Laczniak, Bradley Garczynski 2019 Purdue University

Engaging The Greater Lafayette Community In A Journey Through The Earth Sciences: Purdue’S Eaps Earth Science Passport Day Event, Dara Laczniak, Bradley Garczynski

Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Connecting Through Listening & Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents, 2019 University of South Carolina

Table Of Contents

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Nanosat Tracking And Identification Techniques And Technologies, Mark A. Skinner 2019 Aerospace

Nanosat Tracking And Identification Techniques And Technologies, Mark A. Skinner

Space Traffic Management Conference

Nanosats (and CubeSats, ‘Smallsats’, etc.) are of order 10 cm in size, and are at or near the limits of what can be tracked and characterized, using existing space surveillance assets. Additionally, given the CubeSat form-factor, they are often launched in large numbers (scores), and can be virtually identical. Thus are they difficult to track and to identify.

We have identified a number of technologies that future nanosat missions could employ that would enhance the trackability and/or identification of their satellites when on-orbit. Some of these technologies require active illumination of the satellite with electromagnetic energy, either in the ...


On The Broad-Band Synchrotron Spectra Of Pulsar Wind Nebulae, Siyao Xu, Noel Klinger, Oleg Kargaltsev, Bing Zhang 2019 University of Wisconsin

On The Broad-Band Synchrotron Spectra Of Pulsar Wind Nebulae, Siyao Xu, Noel Klinger, Oleg Kargaltsev, Bing Zhang

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

As shown by broad-band observations, pulsar wind nebulae (PWNe) are characterized by a broken power-law spectrum of synchrotron emission. Based on the modern magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence theories, we investigate the re-acceleration of electrons in the PWN through the adiabatic stochastic acceleration (ASA), which arises from fundamental dynamics of MHD turbulence. The ASA acts to flatten the injected energy spectrum of electrons at low energies, while synchrotron cooling results in a steep spectrum of electrons at high energies. Their dominance in different energy ranges leads to a flat radio spectrum (Fν ) and a steep X-ray spectrum. Our analytical spectral shapes generally ...


Cosmology, Craig W. Steele 2019 Edinboro University

Cosmology, Craig W. Steele

Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

No abstract provided.


Astronomy For Educators, Daniel E. Barth 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Astronomy For Educators, Daniel E. Barth

Open Educational Resources

Astronomy for Educators provides new and accomplished K-12 instructors with concepts and projects for low-cost, high-impact STEM classroom instruction that is built around the National Academies National Research Council's K-12 Framework for Science Education.


Late Delivery Of Nitrogen To The Earth, Cheng Chen, Jeremy L. Smallwood, Rebecca G. Martin, Mario Livio 2019 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Late Delivery Of Nitrogen To The Earth, Cheng Chen, Jeremy L. Smallwood, Rebecca G. Martin, Mario Livio

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

Atmospheric nitrogen may be a necessary ingredient for the habitability of a planet as its presence helps to prevent water loss from a planet. The present-day nitrogen isotopic ratio, N-15/N-14, in the Earth's atmosphere is a combination of the primitive Earth's ratio and the ratio that might have been delivered in comets and asteroids. Asteroids have a nitrogen isotopic ratio that is close to the Earth's. This indicates either a similar formation environment to the Earth or that the main source of nitrogen was delivery by asteroids. However, according to geological records, the Earth's atmosphere ...


Ua1c2/36 Hardin Planetarium Photos, WKU Archives 2019 Western Kentucky University

Ua1c2/36 Hardin Planetarium Photos, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Images of Hardin Planetarium


Atlas Of Experimental And Theoretical High Temperature Methane Cross Sections From T = 295 To 1000k In The Near-Infrared, Andy Wong, Peter F. Bernath, Michael Rey, Andrei V. Nikitin, Vladimir G. Tyuterev 2019 Old Dominion University

Atlas Of Experimental And Theoretical High Temperature Methane Cross Sections From T = 295 To 1000k In The Near-Infrared, Andy Wong, Peter F. Bernath, Michael Rey, Andrei V. Nikitin, Vladimir G. Tyuterev

Chemistry & Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Spectra of hot methane were recorded using a tube furnace and a high-resolution Fourier transform spectrometer. We obtained experimental absorption spectra in the 1.85-1.11 μm near-infrared region at eight temperatures ranging from 295 K up to 1000 K. We have converted these into an atlas of absorption cross sections at each temperature for the methane tetradecad, icosad and triacontad polyads, excluding some spectral intervals either strongly contaminated by water or due to baseline fringes. On the theoretical side, the spectra were simulated from the ab initio-based Reims-Tomsk TheoReTS line list for the same experimental conditions. This line list ...


Satellite Maintenance: An Opportunity To Minimize The Kessler Effect, Bettina M. Mrusek Dr. 2019 Embry Riddle Aeronautical University

Satellite Maintenance: An Opportunity To Minimize The Kessler Effect, Bettina M. Mrusek Dr.

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Recently, there has been an emphasis on the growing problem of orbital debris. While the advantages of placing satellites into space are numerous, advances in satellite technology combined with the growth of the industry have resulted with a significant amount of debris in the orbits surrounding our planet. The harshness of the space environment has also contributed to the debris, as evidenced by the number of objects currently in orbit which are not operational. As the amount of debris grows, so too does the likelihood of collisions, ultimately culminating in the Kessler Effect. However, recent advances in propulsion, advanced navigation ...


Ua1c2/86 Bell Observatory Photos, WKU Archives 2019 Western Kentucky University

Ua1c2/86 Bell Observatory Photos, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Images of the Bell Observatory.


Umsl Faculty Expertise, 2018 Selected Works

Umsl Faculty Expertise

Bruce Wilking

Research Capabilities: Cosmology; Newtonian Dynamics; and Theoretical Physics


Table Of Contents, 2018 University of South Carolina

Table Of Contents

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


The Disk Substructures At High Angular Resolution Project (Dsharp). Iii. Spiral Structures In The Millimeter Continuum Of The Elias 27, Im Lup, And Waoph 6 Disks, Jane Huang, Sean M. Andrews, Laura M. Pérez, Zhaohuan Zhu, Cornelis P. Dullemond, Andrea Isella, Myriam Benisty, Xue-Ning Bai, Tilman Birnstiel, John M. Carpenter, Viviana V. Guzmán, A. Meredith Hughes, Karin I. Öberg, Luca Ricci, David J. Wilner, Shangjia Zhang 2018 Universidad de Chile

The Disk Substructures At High Angular Resolution Project (Dsharp). Iii. Spiral Structures In The Millimeter Continuum Of The Elias 27, Im Lup, And Waoph 6 Disks, Jane Huang, Sean M. Andrews, Laura M. Pérez, Zhaohuan Zhu, Cornelis P. Dullemond, Andrea Isella, Myriam Benisty, Xue-Ning Bai, Tilman Birnstiel, John M. Carpenter, Viviana V. Guzmán, A. Meredith Hughes, Karin I. Öberg, Luca Ricci, David J. Wilner, Shangjia Zhang

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

We present an analysis of Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array 1.25 mm continuum observations of spiral structures in three protoplanetary disks from the Disk Substructures at High Angular Resolution Project. See full text for full abstract.


The Disk Substructures At High Angular Resolution Project (Dsharp). Iv. Characterizing Substructures And Interactions In Disks Around Multiple Star Systems, Nicolás T. Kurtovic, Laura M. Pérez, Myriam Benisty, Zhaohuan Zhu, Shangjia Zhang, Jane Huang, Sean M. Andrews, Cornelis P. Dullemond, Andrea Isella, Xue-Ning Bai, John M. Carpenter, Viviana V. Guzmán, Luca Ricci, David J. Wilner 2018 Universidad de Chile

The Disk Substructures At High Angular Resolution Project (Dsharp). Iv. Characterizing Substructures And Interactions In Disks Around Multiple Star Systems, Nicolás T. Kurtovic, Laura M. Pérez, Myriam Benisty, Zhaohuan Zhu, Shangjia Zhang, Jane Huang, Sean M. Andrews, Cornelis P. Dullemond, Andrea Isella, Xue-Ning Bai, John M. Carpenter, Viviana V. Guzmán, Luca Ricci, David J. Wilner

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

To characterize the substructures induced in protoplanetary disks by the interaction between stars in multiple systems, we study the 1.25 mm continuum and the 12CO(J = 2–1) spectral line emission of the triple systems HT Lup and AS 205, at scales of ≈5 au, as part of the "Disk Substructures at High Angular Resolution Project" (DSHARP). In the continuum emission, we find two symmetric spiral arms in the disk around AS 205 N, with a pitch angle of 14°, while the southern component AS 205 S, itself a spectroscopic binary, is surrounded by a compact inner disk and ...


The Disk Substructures At High Angular Resolution Project (Dsharp). Vii. The Planet–Disk Interactions Interpretation, Shangjia Zhang, Zhaohuan Zhu, Jane Huang, Viviana V. Guzmán, Sean M. Andrews, Tilman Birnstiel, Cornelis P. Dullemond, John M. Carpenter, Andrea Isella, Laura M. Pérez, Myriam Benisty, David J. Wilner, Clément Baruteau, Xue-Ning Bai, Luca Ricci 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

The Disk Substructures At High Angular Resolution Project (Dsharp). Vii. The Planet–Disk Interactions Interpretation, Shangjia Zhang, Zhaohuan Zhu, Jane Huang, Viviana V. Guzmán, Sean M. Andrews, Tilman Birnstiel, Cornelis P. Dullemond, John M. Carpenter, Andrea Isella, Laura M. Pérez, Myriam Benisty, David J. Wilner, Clément Baruteau, Xue-Ning Bai, Luca Ricci

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

The Disk Substructures at High Angular Resolution Project (DSHARP) provides a large sample of protoplanetary disks with substructures that could be induced by young forming planets. To explore the properties of planets that may be responsible for these substructures, we systematically carry out a grid of 2D hydrodynamical simulations, including both gas and dust components. We present the resulting gas structures, including the relationship between the planet mass, as well as (1) the gaseous gap depth/width and (2) the sub/super-Keplerian motion across the gap. We then compute dust continuum intensity maps at the frequency of the DSHARP observations ...


The Disk Substructures At High Angular Resolution Program (Dsharp). Viii. The Rich Ringed Substructures In The As 209 Disk, Viviana V. Guzmán, Jane Huang, Sean M. Andrews, Andrea Isella, Laura M. Pérez, John M. Carpenter, Cornelis P. Dullemond, Luca Ricci, Tilman Birnstiel, Shangjia Zhang, Zhaohuan Zhu, Xue-Ning Bai, Myriam Benisty, Karin I. Öberg, David J. Wilner 2018 Joint ALMA Observatory; Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

The Disk Substructures At High Angular Resolution Program (Dsharp). Viii. The Rich Ringed Substructures In The As 209 Disk, Viviana V. Guzmán, Jane Huang, Sean M. Andrews, Andrea Isella, Laura M. Pérez, John M. Carpenter, Cornelis P. Dullemond, Luca Ricci, Tilman Birnstiel, Shangjia Zhang, Zhaohuan Zhu, Xue-Ning Bai, Myriam Benisty, Karin I. Öberg, David J. Wilner

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

The Disk Substructures at High Angular Resolution Program (DSHARP). VIII. The Rich Ringed Substructures in the AS 209 Disk


The Disk Substructures At High Angular Resolution Project (Dsharp). Vi. Dust Trapping In Thin-Ringed Protoplanetary Disks, Cornelis P. Dullemond, Tilman Birnstiel, Jane Huang, Nicolás T. Kurtovic, Sean M. Andrews, Viviana V. Guzmán, Laura M. Pérez, Andrea Isella, Zhaohuan Zhu, Myriam Benisty, David J. Wilner, Xue-Ning Bai, John M. Carpenter, Shangjia Zhang, Luca Ricci 2018 Heidelberg University

The Disk Substructures At High Angular Resolution Project (Dsharp). Vi. Dust Trapping In Thin-Ringed Protoplanetary Disks, Cornelis P. Dullemond, Tilman Birnstiel, Jane Huang, Nicolás T. Kurtovic, Sean M. Andrews, Viviana V. Guzmán, Laura M. Pérez, Andrea Isella, Zhaohuan Zhu, Myriam Benisty, David J. Wilner, Xue-Ning Bai, John M. Carpenter, Shangjia Zhang, Luca Ricci

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

A large fraction of the protoplanetary disks observed with ALMA display multiple well-defined and nearly perfectly circular rings in the continuum, in many cases with substantial peak-to-valley contrast. The DSHARP campaign shows that several of these rings are very narrow in radial extent. In this Letter we test the hypothesis that these dust rings are caused by dust trapping in radial pressure bumps, and if confirmed, put constraints on the physics of the dust trapping mechanism. We model this process analytically in 1D, assuming axisymmetry. By comparing this model to the data, we find that all rings are consistent with ...


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