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Elasticity Of Cylindrical Black Holes, Conrad Pearson 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Elasticity Of Cylindrical Black Holes, Conrad Pearson

Physics

Black holes are regions of strong gravity, and are often regarded as behaving like drops of fluid. When this line of thought is applied to cylindrical black holes (black cylinders), a mapping can be made between known instabilities for black cylinders and ordinary fluid cylinders. However, this known correlation is increasingly less accurate for lower spatial dimensions, and I seek to correct this discrepancy in this thesis. By considering soft solids instead of pure fluids, elastic energy can be included, which brings us closer to a direct comparison. In improving this mapping, it becomes possible to better understand the behavior ...


Fundamental Parameters Of The Lowest Mass Stars To The Highest Mass Planets, Joseph C. Filippazzo 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Fundamental Parameters Of The Lowest Mass Stars To The Highest Mass Planets, Joseph C. Filippazzo

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The physical and atmospheric properties of ultracool dwarfs are deeply entangled due to the degenerate effects of mass, age, metallicity, clouds and dust, activity, rotation, and possibly formation mechanism on their observed properties. Accurate fundamental parameters for a wide range of substellar objects are crucial to testing stellar and planetary formation theories. To determine these quantities, we construct flux-calibrated spectral energy distributions (SEDs) for 234 M, L, T, and Y dwarfs and calculate bolometric luminosity (Lbol), effective temperature (Teff), mass, surface gravity, radius, spectral indexes, synthetic photometry, and bolometric corrections (BCs) for each object. We use these results ...


An X-Rays Survey Of The Young Stellar Population Of The Lynds 1641 And Iota Orionis Regions, I. Pillitteri, S. J. Wolk, S. T. Megeath, L. Allen, J. Bally, Marc Gagné, R. A. Gutermuth, L. Hartman, G. Micela, P. Myers, J. M. Oliveira, S. Sciortino, F. Walter, L. Rebull, J. Stauffer 2016 Harvard University

An X-Rays Survey Of The Young Stellar Population Of The Lynds 1641 And Iota Orionis Regions, I. Pillitteri, S. J. Wolk, S. T. Megeath, L. Allen, J. Bally, Marc Gagné, R. A. Gutermuth, L. Hartman, G. Micela, P. Myers, J. M. Oliveira, S. Sciortino, F. Walter, L. Rebull, J. Stauffer

Marc Gagné

We present an XMM-Newton survey of the part of Orion A cloud south of the Orion Nebula. This survey includes the Lynds 1641 (L1641) dark cloud, a region of the Orion A cloud with very few massive stars and hence a relatively low ambient UV flux, and the region around the O9 III star Orionis. In addition to proprietary data, we used archival XMM data of the Orion Nebula Cluster (ONC) to extend our analysis to a major fraction of the Orion A cloud. We have detected 1060 X-ray sources in L1641 and Ori region. About 94% of the sources ...


Dicke’S Superradiance In Astrophysics, Fereshteh Rajabi 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Dicke’S Superradiance In Astrophysics, Fereshteh Rajabi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

It is generally assumed that in the interstellar medium much of the emission emanating from atomic and molecular transitions within a radiating gas happen independently for each atom or molecule, but as was pointed out by R. H. Dicke in a seminal paper several decades ago this assumption does not apply in all conditions. As will be discussed in this thesis, and following Dicke’s original analysis, closely packed atoms/molecules can interact with their common electromagnetic field and radiate coherently through an effect he named superradiance. Superradiance is a cooperative quantum mechanical phenomenon characterized by high intensity, spatially compact ...


A Multi-Wavelength Analysis Of Cold Evolving Interstellar Clouds, Mary Spraggs 2016 Western Kentucky University

A Multi-Wavelength Analysis Of Cold Evolving Interstellar Clouds, Mary Spraggs

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

The interstellar medium (ISM) is the dynamic system of gas and dust that fills the space between the stars within galaxies. Due to its integral role in star formation and ga-lactic structure, it is important to understand how the ISM itself evolves over time, in-cluding the process of cooling and condensing required to form new stars. This work aims to constrain and better understand the physical properties of the cold ISM with sev-eral different types of data, including large surveys of neutral atomic hydrogen (HI) 21cm spectral line emission and absorption, carbon monoxide (CO) 2.6mm line emission, and multi-band ...


Lunar Stories: The Violence Of Creation, Channon Visscher 2016 Dordt College

Lunar Stories: The Violence Of Creation, Channon Visscher

Faculty Work: Comprehensive List

"Tales of the moon’s creation abound in myth, legend, history and science. Given its conspicuous brightness and nearness, we should not be surprised that the moon has captured the imagination since the dawn of human consciousness."

Posting about how the moon was made ­­­­­­­­from In All Things - an online hub committed to the claim that the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ has implications for the entire world.

http://inallthings.org/lunar-stories-the-violence-of-creation/


The Geocoronal H Α Cascade Component Determined From Geocoronal H Β Intensity Measurements, F. L. Roesler, E. J. Mierkiewicz, S. M. Nossal 2016 University of Wisconsin - Madison

The Geocoronal H Α Cascade Component Determined From Geocoronal H Β Intensity Measurements, F. L. Roesler, E. J. Mierkiewicz, S. M. Nossal

Edwin J. Mierkiewicz

"Geocoronal H α and H β intensity measurements using the Wisconsin H α Mapper Fabry-Perot are used to determine the intensity of the H α cascade component. From basic atomic physics and the work of Meier (1995), we show that the total cascade in geocoronal H α emission is 0.52 ± 0.03 times the geocoronal H β intensity, I(H β), for solar Lyman series excitation of geocoronal hydrogen. The results are consistent with the H α cascade measurements of Mierkiewicz et al. (2012), which were determined directly from the analysis of H α line profile measurements, and significantly ...


The Spectral Variability Of Astronomical Pahs, Matthew Shannon 2016 The University of Western Ontario

The Spectral Variability Of Astronomical Pahs, Matthew Shannon

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are highly abundant molecules found throughout the universe. Illuminated by ultraviolet photons, they can emit up to 10% of the total power output of star-forming galaxies and are involved in many important physical and chemical processes (e.g., gas heating). They produce prominent emission bands between 3-20 μm which vary strongly in intensity and spectral profile. The origins of these variations are not fully understood, which limits the use of PAHs as (ubiquitous) diagnostic tracers of physical conditions. To characterize their variability, we studied the relative intensities and profiles of the 10-20 μm PAH bands in ...


Experimental Results Of Neutron Fluence Outside An Iron Shield In The Forward Direction, M. M.C. Torres, A. J. Elwyn, D. Fein, E. James, K. Johns, W. Davis, D. P. Ciampa, E. Mierkiewicz 2016 Argonne National Laboratory

Experimental Results Of Neutron Fluence Outside An Iron Shield In The Forward Direction, M. M.C. Torres, A. J. Elwyn, D. Fein, E. James, K. Johns, W. Davis, D. P. Ciampa, E. Mierkiewicz

Edwin J. Mierkiewicz

This work represents the first systematic study at a high energy accelerator of the depth dependence of neutron fluence in longitudinal shielding.


What Governs Star Formation In Galaxies? A Modern Statistical Approach, Sahar Rahmani 2016 The University of Western Ontario

What Governs Star Formation In Galaxies? A Modern Statistical Approach, Sahar Rahmani

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Understanding the process of star formation is one of the key steps in understanding the formation and evolution of galaxies. In this thesis, I address the empirical star formation laws, and study the properties of galaxies that can affect the star formation rate.

The Andromeda galaxy (M31) is the nearest large spiral galaxy, and Therefore, high resolution images of this galaxy are available. These images provide data from various regions with different physical properties. Star formation rate and gas mass surface densities of M31have been measured using three different methods, and have been used to compare different star formation laws ...


High Altitude Cosmic Ray Detection, Jordan D. Van Nest 2016 Trevecca Nazarene University

High Altitude Cosmic Ray Detection, Jordan D. Van Nest

2016 Academic High Altitude Conference

Cosmic rays are high energy atomic nuclei travelling near the speed of light that collide with atoms and molecules in Earth’s upper atmosphere (primarily with nitrogen and oxygen), breaking down into a shower of particles of various energies in the stratosphere. As they travel earthward, these particles continue to break down and lose energy which results in relatively little ionizing radiation reaching the surface. Due to the scattering of cosmic rays, the angle at which the rays enter the atmosphere can affect the number and energies of ionizing particles detected at various altitudes. When using a standard Geiger counter ...


The Turning-Off Of Supernova Remnants: The Transition Into The Radiative Phase, Ryan A. Lazur, Rodolfo Barniol Duran, Dimitrios Giannios 2016 Purdue University

The Turning-Off Of Supernova Remnants: The Transition Into The Radiative Phase, Ryan A. Lazur, Rodolfo Barniol Duran, Dimitrios Giannios

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Supernovae are amongst the most energetic events in the Universe. Understanding the different stages of the life of a supernova is currently one of the main objectives in astrophysics. During a supernova explosion, material with mass several times that of the Sun is ejected with a speed about 1/10 that of light. In current models, the transition from the Sedov-Taylor to the radiative phase is assumed to be almost instantaneous, which is not entirely accurate. Here the physics of the transition to the radiative phase will be revisited. Observations indicate that the supernova ejecta remains bright in the radio ...


Introduction To Classical Field Theory, Charles G. Torre 2016 Department of Physics, Utah State University

Introduction To Classical Field Theory, Charles G. Torre

All Complete Monographs

This is an introduction to classical field theory. Topics treated include: Klein-Gordon field, electromagnetic field, scalar electrodynamics, Dirac field, Yang-Mills field, gravitational field, Noether theorems relating symmetries and conservation laws, spontaneous symmetry breaking, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms.


Surface Plasmon Modes In Toroidal Nanostructures And Applications, Marouane Salhi 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Surface Plasmon Modes In Toroidal Nanostructures And Applications, Marouane Salhi

Doctoral Dissertations

A special interest in Plasmon mode resonance in toroidal nano-particles where a full and comprehensive analytical investigation is presented for different toroidal nano-structure within the quasi-static approximation. Then the optical response of gold nanorings and the associated near-field mapping when exposed to a broadband electromagnetic wave were obtained by the implementation of numerical methods to solve for the transient response. The numerical and analytical investigation lead to the design of an optical nano-trapping system and the identification of strong coupling interaction between toroidal plasmons and J-aggregate dye molecules a promising component in the design of novel optoelectronic material.


Variability Of Mars' Seasonal North Polar Cap, Richard W. Schmude Jr. 2016 Gordon State College

Variability Of Mars' Seasonal North Polar Cap, Richard W. Schmude Jr.

Georgia Journal of Science

Mars’ seasonal north polar cap (hereafter sNPC) underwent year-to-year changes between 2008 and 2015 or Mars years 29–33. The writer monitored changes in the sNPC using images made with the MARCI camera onboard the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO). Nine isolated bright spots corresponding to Korolev, Lomonosov, and Louth Craters, the albedo features Ierne, Olympia (or Lemuria), and Cecropia, and three unnamed features were examined. The following was concluded: 1) the sNPC underwent small year-to-year changes between 2008 and 2015 [MY = 29–33], 2) there are no years where all temporary frost features lasted longer than their mean lifespan, and ...


Aging Comets And Their Meteor Showers, Quanzhi Ye 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Aging Comets And Their Meteor Showers, Quanzhi Ye

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Comets are thought to be responsible for the terrestrial accretion of water and organic materials. Comets evolve very quickly, and will generally deplete their volatiles in a few hundred revolutions. This process, or the aging of comets, is one of the most critical yet poorly understood problems in planetary astronomy. The goal of this thesis is to better understand this problem by examining different parts of the cometary aging spectrum of Jupiter-family comets (JFCs), a group of comets that dominates the cometary influx in the near-Earth space, using both telescopic and meteor observations. We examine two representative JFCs and the ...


High-Resolution Spectroscopy Of The Lunar Sodium Exosphere, E. J. Mierkiewicz, R. J. Oliversen, F. L. Roesler, O. L. Lupie 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

High-Resolution Spectroscopy Of The Lunar Sodium Exosphere, E. J. Mierkiewicz, R. J. Oliversen, F. L. Roesler, O. L. Lupie

Edwin J. Mierkiewicz

"We have applied high-resolution Fabry-Perot spectroscopy to the study of the lunar sodium exosphere for the study of exospheric effective temperature and velocity variations. Observing from the National Solar Observatory McMath-Pierce Telescope, we used a dual-etalon Fabry-Perot spectrometer with a resolving power of 180,000 to measure line widths and Doppler shifts of the sodium D2 (5889.95 Å) emission line. Our field of view was 360 km, and measurements were made in equatorial and polar regions from 500 km to 3500 km off the limb. Data were obtained from full moon to 3 days following full moon (waning phase ...


Back Half Of The Year, Ian R. Clarke 2016 Gettysburg College

Back Half Of The Year, Ian R. Clarke

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Here we are in the back half of 2016, and the days are getting shorter. We have, as of today, lost 18 minutes since the solstice on June 20, and the speed of that change is quickening. You may wonder why it is that we have our hottest weather after our longest day is behind us. The simple answer is that it takes time for land and water masses to warm up. That’s the reason that Sept. 21 is likely to be a lot warmer than March 21, even though they have the same amount of daylight. [excerpt]


Crystallographically-Oriented Carbon Nanotubes Grown On Few-Layer Graphene Films, Douglas R. Strachan, David P. Hunley 2016 University of Kentucky

Crystallographically-Oriented Carbon Nanotubes Grown On Few-Layer Graphene Films, Douglas R. Strachan, David P. Hunley

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Patents

A thermal and electrical conducting apparatus includes a few-layer graphene film having a thickness D where D≦1.5 nm and a plurality of carbon nanotubes crystallographically aligned with the few-layer graphene film.


Crystallographically-Oriented Carbon Nanotubes Grown On Few-Layer Graphene Films, David P. Hunley, Douglas R. Strachan 2016 University of Kentucky

Crystallographically-Oriented Carbon Nanotubes Grown On Few-Layer Graphene Films, David P. Hunley, Douglas R. Strachan

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Patents

A thermal and electrical conducting apparatus includes a few-layer graphene film having a thickness D where D≦1.5 nm and a plurality of carbon nanotubes crystallographically aligned with the few-layer graphene film.


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