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Targeting Residential Energy Reduction For City Utilities Using Historical Electrical Utility Data And Readily Available Building Data, Kevin P. Hallinan, J. Kelly Kissock, Robert J. Brecha, Austin Mitchell 2016 University of Dayton

Targeting Residential Energy Reduction For City Utilities Using Historical Electrical Utility Data And Readily Available Building Data, Kevin P. Hallinan, J. Kelly Kissock, Robert J. Brecha, Austin Mitchell

Kevin Hallinan

Energy use data for the eight-year period 2003–2010 was analyzed for over 1200 single family residences in Village of Yellow Springs, Ohio. Electricity, natural gas, residential building, and weather databases are merged to permit determination of the energy intensity of each home in the village. The energy use intensity for each home is disaggregated into weather independent and weather dependent electric and natural gas use. This use is compared to typical baseline, cooling, and heating energy use for the region. From this comparison, priority homes are identified for energy reduction investment. Collective potential low cost energy reduction is estimated ...


Prioritizing Investment In Residential Energy Efficiency And Renewable Energy: A Case Study For The U.S. Midwest, Robert J. Brecha, Austin Mitchell, Kevin P. Hallinan, J. Kelly Kissock 2016 University of Dayton

Prioritizing Investment In Residential Energy Efficiency And Renewable Energy: A Case Study For The U.S. Midwest, Robert J. Brecha, Austin Mitchell, Kevin P. Hallinan, J. Kelly Kissock

Kevin Hallinan

Residential building energy use is an important contributor to greenhouse gas emissions and in the United States represents about 20% of total energy consumption. A number of previous macro-scale studies of residential energy consumption and energy-efficiency improvements are mainly concerned with national or international aggregate potential savings. In this paper we look into the details of how a collection of specific homes in one region might reduce energy consumption and carbon emissions, with particular attention given to some practical limits to what can be achieved by upgrading the existing residential building stock. Using a simple model of residential, single-family home ...


Cost-Availability Curves For Hierarchical Implementation Of Residential Energy-Efficiency Measures, Roman Villoria-Siegert, Philip Brodrick, Kevin P. Hallinan, Robert J. Brecha 2016 University of Dayton

Cost-Availability Curves For Hierarchical Implementation Of Residential Energy-Efficiency Measures, Roman Villoria-Siegert, Philip Brodrick, Kevin P. Hallinan, Robert J. Brecha

Kevin Hallinan

Historical residential electricity data and natural gas consumption data were collected for, respectively, 1,200 and 178 residences in a small town in the USA. These data were merged with local building and weather databases, and energy consumption models were developed for each residence, revealing substantial variation in heating and cooling intensity. After estimating approximate physical building characteristics, energy profiles for each residence were calculated, and savings from adoption of the most cost-effective energy-efficiency measures for each residence were estimated. Effectively, we wish to leverage commonly available data sets to infer characteristics of building envelopes and equipment, without the need ...


E-Waste Management As A Global Challenge (Introductory Chapter), Florin C. MIHAI, Maria G. Gnoni 2016 "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University

E-Waste Management As A Global Challenge (Introductory Chapter), Florin C. Mihai, Maria G. Gnoni

Florin C MIHAI

No abstract provided.


The Snakehead War: Administrative Rule-Making And Legislative Strategies To Minimize Destruction By The Northern Snakehead, Joshua Rice 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

The Snakehead War: Administrative Rule-Making And Legislative Strategies To Minimize Destruction By The Northern Snakehead, Joshua Rice

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Aransas Project V. Shaw: The Fifth Circuit’S Incorrect And Attenuated Proximate Cause Analysis On What Killed The Whooping Crane, Brian Reagan 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

Aransas Project V. Shaw: The Fifth Circuit’S Incorrect And Attenuated Proximate Cause Analysis On What Killed The Whooping Crane, Brian Reagan

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Litigation Against Fracking Bans And Moratoriums In The United States: Exit, Voice And Loyalty, Christopher J. Hilson 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

Litigation Against Fracking Bans And Moratoriums In The United States: Exit, Voice And Loyalty, Christopher J. Hilson

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

A number of U.S. states, counties and municipalities have responded to the public health and environmental concerns surrounding fracking by imposing bans or moratoriums on unconventional oil and gas drilling. These restrictions have, in recent years, given rise to litigation challenges by oil and gas companies and by property owners deprived of potential revenues. The current Article begins by examining precisely who has litigated. Have large companies dominated or is it mostly smaller independents? Is there a difference in litigation rates between private and public companies? The Article then considers how Hirschman’s ideas of exit, voice and loyalty ...


Coercing Collaboration: The Chesapeake Bay Experience, Jamison E. Colburn 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

Coercing Collaboration: The Chesapeake Bay Experience, Jamison E. Colburn

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

This Article uses a detailed case study of the Chesapeake to describe an emergent model of intergovernmental administration tailored to address our largest-scale environmental problems. The Obama EPA’s “total maximum daily load” (“TMDL”) in the Chesapeake has yet to be replicated. But it should be. The TMDL and its supporting norms were unique as an operational plan, achieving a level of transparency, accountability, means/ends rationality, and continuous improvement that were unprecedented at its scale. And whether this model can be replicated elsewhere turns out to be as much a question of law as of politics.


Transformative Education For Sustainability Transition At Edith Cowan University: A Discussion Paper, Sandra Woolltorton 2016 Edith Cowan University

Transformative Education For Sustainability Transition At Edith Cowan University: A Discussion Paper, Sandra Woolltorton

Sandra Wooltorton

"Recently the Australian Government released a National Action Plan for sustainability education (DEWHA, 2009) that prescribes for universities a reorientation to sustainability through teaching and learning, research and campus management. It specifies a transformative approach to education, together with a whole‐of‐school, whole‐of‐system philosophy. In this paper I define ‘transformative education’ in the context of sustainability and discuss the implications of the National Action Plan for Edith Cowan University. I also conduct a reconnaissance of the sustainability websites of a small sample of international universities to consider the depth of their transformative approaches to teaching and learning ...


Trajectory Analysis Of Black Carbon In The Arctic Region, Kimberly Gottschalk 2016 Portland State University

Trajectory Analysis Of Black Carbon In The Arctic Region, Kimberly Gottschalk

PSU McNair Scholars Online Journal

Black carbon (BC) is a troubling particulate. Commonly known as soot, BC forms through the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, biofuels, and biomass. It has a very low albedo compared to natural particulates making it a very efficient absorber of solar radiation. As BC is deposited on snow and ice, albedo is decreased - enhancing solar heating and increasing meltwater production. With rising air temperatures, melting rates of polar ice are increasing and are being enhanced by BC, leading to accelerated global sea level rise.

This study aimed to document sources and deposition areas of BC in the Arctic. Utilizing HySplit ...


An Architectural Overview Of Hydroshare, A Next-Generation Hydrologic Information System, Jefferson Heard, David G. Tarboton, Ray Idaszak, Jeffery S. Horsburgh, Dan Ames, Alex Bedig, Anthony M. Castronova, Alva Couch 2016 Selected Works

An Architectural Overview Of Hydroshare, A Next-Generation Hydrologic Information System, Jefferson Heard, David G. Tarboton, Ray Idaszak, Jeffery S. Horsburgh, Dan Ames, Alex Bedig, Anthony M. Castronova, Alva Couch

Jeffery Horsburgh

HydroShare is an online, open-source, collaborative system being developed for sharing hydrologic data and models as part of the NSF’s Software Infrastructure for Sustained Innovation (SI2) program. The goal of HydroShare is to enable scientists to easily discover and access hydrologic data and models, retrieve them to their desktop, or perform analyses in a distributed computing environment that may include grid, cloud, or high performance computing. Scientists may also publish outcomes (data, results or models) into HydroShare, using the system as a collaboration platform for sharing data, models, and analyses. HydroShare involves a large distributed software development effort requiring ...


Odm Tools Python: Open Source Software For Managing Continuous Sensor Data, Jeffery S. Horsburgh, Stephanie Reeder, Amber Spackman Jones 2016 Selected Works

Odm Tools Python: Open Source Software For Managing Continuous Sensor Data, Jeffery S. Horsburgh, Stephanie Reeder, Amber Spackman Jones

Jeffery Horsburgh

Hydrologic and water quality data is being collected at high frequencies, for extended durations, and with spatial distributions that require infrastructure for data storage and management. The Observations Data Model (ODM), which is part of the Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Science, Inc. (CUAHSI) Hydrologic Information System (HIS), was developed as a framework in which to organize, store, and describe point observations data. In this paper we describe ODM Tools Python, which is an open source software application that allows ODM users to query and export, visualize, and edit data stored in an ODM database. Previous versions ...


A Resource Centric Approach For Advancing Collaboration Through Hydrologic Data And Model Sharing, David G. Tarboton, Ray Idaszak, Jeffery S. Horsburgh, Jefferson Heard, Dan Ames, Jonathan L. Goodall, Lawrence E. Band, Venkatesh Merwade 2016 Selected Works

A Resource Centric Approach For Advancing Collaboration Through Hydrologic Data And Model Sharing, David G. Tarboton, Ray Idaszak, Jeffery S. Horsburgh, Jefferson Heard, Dan Ames, Jonathan L. Goodall, Lawrence E. Band, Venkatesh Merwade

Jeffery Horsburgh

HydroShare is an online, collaborative system being developed for open sharing of hydrologic data and models. The goal of HydroShare is to enable scientists to easily discover and access hydrologic data and models, retrieve them to their desktop or perform analyses in a distributed computing environment that may include grid, cloud or high performance computing model instances as necessary. Scientists may also publish outcomes (data, results or models) into HydroShare, using the system as a collaboration platform for sharing data, models and analyses. HydroShare is expanding the data sharing capability of the CUAHSI Hydrologic Information System by broadening the classes ...


The Early Angling And Hunting Information About Tim Pond, Maine, William B. Krohn 2016 University of Maine

The Early Angling And Hunting Information About Tim Pond, Maine, William B. Krohn

William B. Krohn

Attached is a partial bibliography documenting the early fishing and hunting history of Tim Pond, Maine.  The sporting camps at Tim Pond, located in Maine’s western mountains, dates back to the 1870s, making these camps among the oldest of the Pine Tree State’s commercial sporting camps to be in continuous operation. Tim Pond is also unique among Maine sporting camps because the early history of the camps, and Tim Pond, were documented in photographs by E. R. Starbird in the late 1800s.


Developing A Sustainable Water Supply In The American West: The Case Of Rio Rancho, New Mexico, Hubert B. Stroud, Mary K. Kilmer 2016 Arkansas State University-Main Campus

Developing A Sustainable Water Supply In The American West: The Case Of Rio Rancho, New Mexico, Hubert B. Stroud, Mary K. Kilmer

Suburban Sustainability

Suburban and urban communities in the American West are challenged by rapid population growth combined with limited natural resources. Supporting sustainable development is of great concern in this region and in similar regions throughout the world. This research examines the sustainability of the water supply within a rapidly growing suburban city in the American West. The city, Rio Rancho, New Mexico, began as an interstate land sales operation and rapidly became a “boom” town, in part because of its location near metropolitan Albuquerque.

Because of a very limited water supply and an increasing demand for water associated with population growth ...


Agenda: Coping With Water Scarcity In River Basins Worldwide: Lessons Learned From Shared Experiences, University of Colorado Boulder. Getches-Wilkinson Center for Natural Resources, Energy, and the Environment 2016 University of Colorado Law School

Agenda: Coping With Water Scarcity In River Basins Worldwide: Lessons Learned From Shared Experiences, University Of Colorado Boulder. Getches-Wilkinson Center For Natural Resources, Energy, And The Environment

Coping with Water Scarcity in River Basins Worldwide: Lessons Learned from Shared Experiences (Martz Summer Conference, June 9-10)

Water scarcity is increasingly dominating headlines throughout the world. In the southwestern USA, the looming water shortages on the Colorado River system and the unprecedented drought in California are garnering the greatest attention. Similar stories of scarcity and crisis can be found across the globe, suggesting an opportunity for sharing lessons and innovations. For example, the Colorado River and Australia's Murray-Darling Basin likely can share many lessons, as both systems were over-allocated, feature multiple jurisdictions, face similar climatic risks and drought stresses, and struggle to balance human demands with environmental needs. In this conference we cast our net broadly ...


Wpływ Prędkości I Kierunku Wiatru Na Jakość Powietrza W Krakowie, Robert Oleniacz, Marek Bogacki, Adriana Szulecka, Mateusz Rzeszutek, Marian Mazur 2016 AGH University o Science and Technology

Wpływ Prędkości I Kierunku Wiatru Na Jakość Powietrza W Krakowie, Robert Oleniacz, Marek Bogacki, Adriana Szulecka, Mateusz Rzeszutek, Marian Mazur

Robert Oleniacz

The paper discusses the role of wind speed and direction in shaping the levels of pollutant concentrations in the air in Krakow. For this purpose, the hourly averaged measurements of meteorological parameters and concentrations of selected air pollutants (PM10, PM2,5, NOx, NO2, SO2, CO, O3, and C6H6) derived from the period of 2014-2015 and recorded within the area of Krakow city were used, with the differentiation associated with the type and location of measuring stations. Impact assessment of the meteorological parameters on air pollutant concentrations was determined with a nonparametric Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient values and on the ...


Przykład Wykorzystania Próbników Pasywnych Do Oceny Przestrzennego Zróżnicowania Stężeń Zanieczyszczeń W Powietrzu Miejskim, Paulina Bździuch, Angelika Zemełka, Kamil Kozieł, Joanna Żołyniak, Ewelina Bączek, Barbara Rososińska, Robert Oleniacz, Marek Bogacki 2016 AGH University o Science and Technology

Przykład Wykorzystania Próbników Pasywnych Do Oceny Przestrzennego Zróżnicowania Stężeń Zanieczyszczeń W Powietrzu Miejskim, Paulina Bździuch, Angelika Zemełka, Kamil Kozieł, Joanna Żołyniak, Ewelina Bączek, Barbara Rososińska, Robert Oleniacz, Marek Bogacki

Robert Oleniacz

The paper presents the estimation of the spatial differentiation of selected gaseous pollutant concentrations in urban air using measurement results performed with the passive method. The research was conducted in the city of Sucha Beskidzka in the winter season (2014/2015) and in the city of Krakow in the summer season (2015). Analysis comprised three major air pollutants for which it was possible to use the passive samplers – nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and additionaly benzene. Exposure time of passive samplers lasted one month. In Sucha Beskidzka and Krakow respectively two and three measurement series of NO2 and SO2 ...


Investigating The Potential Of Land Use Modifications To Mitigate The Respiratory Health Impacts Of No2: A Case Study In The Portland-Vancouver Metropolitan Area, Meenakshi Rao 2016 Portland State University

Investigating The Potential Of Land Use Modifications To Mitigate The Respiratory Health Impacts Of No2: A Case Study In The Portland-Vancouver Metropolitan Area, Meenakshi Rao

Dissertations and Theses

The health impacts of urban air pollution are a growing concern in our rapidly urbanizing world. Urban air pollutants show high intra-urban spatial variability linked to urban land use and land cover (LULC). This correlation of air pollutants with LULC is widely recognized; LULC data is an integral input into a wide range of models, especially land use regression models developed by epidemiologists to study the impact of air pollution on human health. Given the demonstrated links between LULC and urban air pollution, and between urban air pollution and health, an interesting question arises: what is the potential of LULC ...


The Terroir Of Pinot Noir Wine In The Willamette Valley, Oregon €“ A Broad Analysis Of Vineyard Soils, Grape Juice And Wine Chemistry, Kathryn Nora Barnard 2016 Portland State University

The Terroir Of Pinot Noir Wine In The Willamette Valley, Oregon €“ A Broad Analysis Of Vineyard Soils, Grape Juice And Wine Chemistry, Kathryn Nora Barnard

Dissertations and Theses

Terroir is determined by a combination of factors in the vineyard including the grape varietal, geology and soil, soil hydrology, physiography, and climate. Although most studies have examined regional differences in wine flavors and associated provenance of wine based on chemistry, few have examined the chemistry of the soil and the ability to trace that chemistry to grape juice and, finally, to the wine. This dissertation examines what soil physical and chemical differences specific to this region might influence grape juice chemistry and wine chemistry.

Wine-grapes in the Willamette Valley, Oregon, are grown on three major soil parent materials: volcanic ...


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