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Distributed Modeling Of Ablation (1996–2011) And Climate Sensitivity On The Glaciers Of Taylor Valley, Antarctica, Matthew J. Hoffman, Andrew G. Fountain, Glen E. Liston 2016 Los Alamos National Laboratory

Distributed Modeling Of Ablation (1996–2011) And Climate Sensitivity On The Glaciers Of Taylor Valley, Antarctica, Matthew J. Hoffman, Andrew G. Fountain, Glen E. Liston

Andrew G. Fountain

The McMurdo Dry Valleys of Antarctica host the coldest and driest ecosystem on Earth, which is acutely sensitive to the availability of water coming from glacial runoff. We modeled the spatial variability in ablation and assessed climate sensitivity of the glacier ablation zones using 16 years of meteorological and surface mass-balance observations collected in Taylor Valley. Sublimation was the primary form of mass loss over much of the ablation zones, except for near the termini where melt, primarily below the surface, dominated. Microclimates in ~10 m scale topographic basins generated melt rates up to ten times higher than over smooth ...


Lafferty Et Al. 2016 Dcco Biotic And Abiotic Impacts To Islands In The Se Foreco.Pdf, Diana Lafferty, Katie Hanson-Dorr, Amanda Prisock, Brian Dorr 2016 Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources, North Carolina State University

Lafferty Et Al. 2016 Dcco Biotic And Abiotic Impacts To Islands In The Se Foreco.Pdf, Diana Lafferty, Katie Hanson-Dorr, Amanda Prisock, Brian Dorr

Brian S Dorr


Double-crested Cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus) numbers have increased in North America, and con- comitantly cormorants appear to be expanding their nesting range in the southeastern United States.
Because colonial nesting waterbirds can impact water quality, soil chemistry and subsequent vegetation succession patterns, our goal was to assess the extent to which cormorant breeding colonies are influencing the biotic and abiotic attributes of forested islands in the southeastern United States. Our objectives were to (1) compare water quality characteristics in near-shore surface waters around forested islands with and without nesting cormorants during the peak-nesting/fledgling period and post-fledgling period, (2) measure soil ...


Portland-Vancouver Ultra-Ex: Evaluating Relationships Between Governance And Environmental Quality In Urban Ecosystems, J. Alan Yeakley, Sally Duncan, Steve Bollens, Connie P. Ozawa, Vivek Shandas, Heejun Chang, Marion Dresner, Sean N. Gordon, John A. Harrison, Jeffrey D. Kline, Anita T. Morzillo, Noelwah R. Netusil, Gretchen Rollwagen-Bollens, Mark Stephan, Paul R. Thiers 2016 Portland State University

Portland-Vancouver Ultra-Ex: Evaluating Relationships Between Governance And Environmental Quality In Urban Ecosystems, J. Alan Yeakley, Sally Duncan, Steve Bollens, Connie P. Ozawa, Vivek Shandas, Heejun Chang, Marion Dresner, Sean N. Gordon, John A. Harrison, Jeffrey D. Kline, Anita T. Morzillo, Noelwah R. Netusil, Gretchen Rollwagen-Bollens, Mark Stephan, Paul R. Thiers

Sean N. Gordon

The Portland-Vancouver Urban Long Term Research Area (ULTRA-Ex) is a multidisciplinary project aimed at understanding the feedbacks between human and natural systems in urban settings. The ULTRA-Ex project is seeking to answer the overarching question: How do human governance and biophysical systems respond interactively to both press and pulse disturbances in urban socio-ecological systems? This presentation provides early observations and findings from the PV ULTRA-Ex project.


Modelling Of Gas To Hydrate Conversion For Promoting Co2 Capture Processes In The Oil And Gas Industry, Alireza Baghban, Mohammad Bahadori, Tomoaki Kashiwao, Alireza Bahadori 2016 Petroleum University of Technology

Modelling Of Gas To Hydrate Conversion For Promoting Co2 Capture Processes In The Oil And Gas Industry, Alireza Baghban, Mohammad Bahadori, Tomoaki Kashiwao, Alireza Bahadori

Dr Alireza Bahadori

In this contribution, equilibrium conditions of clathrate hydrates containing mixtures of carbon dioxide and tetra-n butylammonium bromide and tetra-n butylammonium chloride are modeled by a combination of particle swarm optimization algorithm with least square support vector machine intelligent approach. The evaluation of aforementioned model has been conducted by statistical analyses between experimental and predicted values. The obtained results show excellent performance of proposed model.


The Effect Of Marine Protected Areas On Fishers' Income In The Philippines, Giselle PB. Samonte, Victoria C. Ramenzoni, Terence U. Dacles, Dominik Fortenbacher 2016 Earth Resources Technology, Inc. (ERT)

The Effect Of Marine Protected Areas On Fishers' Income In The Philippines, Giselle Pb. Samonte, Victoria C. Ramenzoni, Terence U. Dacles, Dominik Fortenbacher

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

The fisheries sector is vital to the Philippine economy, providing substantial employment and income, contributing export earnings, and meeting local food security and nutrition requirements. To protect coastal and marine habitat and to sustain fisheries, over 1000 marine protected areas (MPAs) have been established, in the Philippines. This paper provides empirical evidence on the variance of net revenues linked with MPA establishment and the possible range of relocation costs for fishing effort displaced by an MPA. A total of 424 households were randomly selected from 18 barangays (villages) adjacent to MPAs in three regions in the Philippines. Results show that ...


Assessing Non-Market Benefits Of Seagrass Restoration In The Gulf Of Gdańsk, Tobias Börger, Joanna Piwowarczyk 2016 Plymouth Marine Laboratory

Assessing Non-Market Benefits Of Seagrass Restoration In The Gulf Of Gdańsk, Tobias Börger, Joanna Piwowarczyk

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

Seagrass meadows (Zostera marina) are an important ecosystem in the coastal environment of the Baltic Sea. This study employs a discrete choice experiment to value a set of non-market benefits provided by seagrass meadows in the Gulf of Gdańsk, Poland. The benefits valued in this study are a reduction of filamentous algae in the water and on the beach; access to seagrass meadows for boaters and divers; and improved water clarity. Results show significant willingness to pay for each attribute and differences of value estimates across different groups of survey respondents. It is discussed how to link choice attributes and ...


Zno Thin Films Generated By Ex-Situ Thermal Oxidation Of Metallic Zn For Photovoltaic Applications, Kovas Zygas 2016 Macalester College

Zno Thin Films Generated By Ex-Situ Thermal Oxidation Of Metallic Zn For Photovoltaic Applications, Kovas Zygas

Macalester Journal of Physics and Astronomy

ZnO thin films that function as either transparent conducting oxides in solid-state photovoltaic cells or as nanocrystalline dye-absorbers in dye-sensitized solar cells have the potential to reduce the cost of producing electricity from solar energy. Although there exist many methods to produce ZnO thin films, the most economical and practical method may be oxidation of metallic Zn thin films. This research examined the utility of ex-situ thermal oxidation of DC magnetron sputtered Zn thin films in generating useful ZnO thin films for these photovoltaic applications. We annealed Zn thin films in air at 570° C in order to produce ZnO ...


Processes Controlling Carbon Cycling In Antarctic Glacier Surface Ecosystems, Elizabeth A. Bagshaw, Martyn Tranter, Jemma L. Wadham, Andrew G. Fountain, A. Dubnick, S. Fitzsimons 2016 Cardiff University

Processes Controlling Carbon Cycling In Antarctic Glacier Surface Ecosystems, Elizabeth A. Bagshaw, Martyn Tranter, Jemma L. Wadham, Andrew G. Fountain, A. Dubnick, S. Fitzsimons

Andrew G. Fountain

Glacier surface ecosystems, including cryoconite holes and cryolakes, are significant contributors to regional carbon cycles. Incubation experiments to determine the net production (NEP) of organic matter in cryoconite typically have durations of 6-24 hours, and produce a wide range of results, many of which indicate that the system is net heterotrophic. We employ longer term incubations to examine the temporal variation of NEP in cryoconite from the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica to examine the effect of sediment disturbance on system production, and to understand processes controlling production over the lifetimes of glacier surface ecosystems. The shorter-term incubations have durations of ...


Media Alert: Students Build Water Sensors In Prep For King Tide Day, Robert E. Gutsche Jr. 2016 School of Journalism and Mass Communication, Florida International University

Media Alert: Students Build Water Sensors In Prep For King Tide Day, Robert E. Gutsche Jr.

Robert Gutsche

Announcement of collaborative work between the MAST@FIU BBC and FIU's School of Journalism and Mass Communication for King Tide Day events on October 9, 2015.


It Takes A Village To Build A Sea Level Rise App: Civic Hacking As An Approach To Informing Citizens About Sea Level Rise In Miami, Susan Jacobson, Juliet Pinto, Robert E. Gutsche Jr., Kate MacMillin, Jennifer Fu 2016 Journalism and Mass Communications Department, Florida International University

It Takes A Village To Build A Sea Level Rise App: Civic Hacking As An Approach To Informing Citizens About Sea Level Rise In Miami, Susan Jacobson, Juliet Pinto, Robert E. Gutsche Jr., Kate Macmillin, Jennifer Fu

Robert Gutsche

No abstract provided.


Hacking The Curriculum: Creating Collaborative Classrooms, Robert E. Gutsche Jr. 2016 School of Journalism and Mass Communication, Florida International University

Hacking The Curriculum: Creating Collaborative Classrooms, Robert E. Gutsche Jr.

Robert Gutsche

Description of collaboration between FIU faculty students and high school students.


Fall Update: See What We've Been Doing, Robert E. Gutsche Jr. 2016 School of Journalism and Mass Communication, Florida International University

Fall Update: See What We've Been Doing, Robert E. Gutsche Jr.

Robert Gutsche

This post includes text related to the required October Interim Report for the Online News Association, which was submitted on October 28, 2014.


Eyes In The Sky: Alta Partners Begin To Capture Rising Seas, Robert E. Gutsche Jr. 2016 School of Journalism and Mass Communication, Florida International University

Eyes In The Sky: Alta Partners Begin To Capture Rising Seas, Robert E. Gutsche Jr.

Robert Gutsche

FIU-ALTA Partnership Captures High-Resolution Images of SLR.


Eyes Initiative Leads To Summer Camp, Robert E. Gutsche Jr. 2016 School of Journalism and Mass Communication, Florida International University

Eyes Initiative Leads To Summer Camp, Robert E. Gutsche Jr.

Robert Gutsche

Description of summer camp program for STEM students at the FIU Biscayne Bay Campus.


Eyes Team, Students Present On Slr Work, Robert E. Gutsche Jr. 2016 School of Journalism and Mass Communication, Florida International University

Eyes Team, Students Present On Slr Work, Robert E. Gutsche Jr.

Robert Gutsche

SJMC faculty members Susan Jacobson, Juliet Pinto, Kate MacMillin, and Ted Gutsche presented the work of their students, FIU faculty, and local community members to a group of the university’s leading sea level rise researchers and communicators. The “All Hands” meeting was hosted by FIU’s Sea Level Solutions Center.


Eyes Represents At Un, French Meetings, Robert E. Gutsche Jr. 2016 School of Journalism and Mass Communication, Florida International University

Eyes Represents At Un, French Meetings, Robert E. Gutsche Jr.

Robert Gutsche

Announcing

"Eyes member Juliet Pinto has been selected to be part of the International Environmental Communication Association’s (IECA’s) Climate Negotiations Working Group at the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP21) in Paris in November."


Eyes App Goes To The White House, Robert E. Gutsche Jr. 2016 School fo Journalism and Mass Communication, Florida International University

Eyes App Goes To The White House, Robert E. Gutsche Jr.

Robert Gutsche

No abstract provided.


Challenge Fund For Innovation In Journalism Education Final Report [Sea Level Rise, South Florida], Robert E. Gutsche Jr., Susan Jacobson, Kate MacMillin, Juliet Pinto 2016 School of Journalism and Mass Communication, Florida International University

Challenge Fund For Innovation In Journalism Education Final Report [Sea Level Rise, South Florida], Robert E. Gutsche Jr., Susan Jacobson, Kate Macmillin, Juliet Pinto

Robert Gutsche

No abstract provided.


How Can Occupancy Modeling And Occupancy Sensors Reduce Energy Usage In Academic Buildings: An Application Approach To University Of San Francisco, Paloma R. Duong 2016 University of San Francisco

How Can Occupancy Modeling And Occupancy Sensors Reduce Energy Usage In Academic Buildings: An Application Approach To University Of San Francisco, Paloma R. Duong

Master's Projects

Buildings are amongst the highest energy consumers relative to industry and transportation. They account for 40% of the world’s energy consumption, due to the need for lighting, equipment, heating, cooling and ventilation. Academic buildings are multi-purpose buildings that create a challenge on energy reduction. Most are old and have fixed occupancy schedules, resulting in high energy consumption because these buildings experience significant occupancy variation throughout the day. Five academic buildings were analyzed; their building information, energy consumption data and methods to project energy savings have been analyzed. The case studies presented different strategies on predicting energy savings, but these ...


Northern San Francisco Bay Ecological Risk Assessment: Potential Crude By Rail Incident, Meagan Bowis 2016 University of San Francisco

Northern San Francisco Bay Ecological Risk Assessment: Potential Crude By Rail Incident, Meagan Bowis

Master's Projects

Oil spill models, ecological risks, response options, and costs were assessed for a discharge of Bakken crude oil into the Northern San Francisco Bay from a train derailment. This assessment was based on the risk of crude by rail derailments into the San Francisco Bay; in 2014, California oil refineries imported over 240 million gallons of Bakken crude oil by rail for processing. A hypothetical scenario was developed from a derailment on the Union Pacific Railroad Bridge and discharging 100,000 gallons of Bakken crude oil into the Northern San Francisco Bay. The oil trajectory impacted the Carquinez Strait, Suisun ...


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