Comparison Of Combustion Efficiency To In-Situ Atmospheric Ammonia Measurements From A Miniature Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometer In The La Basin, 2016 Chapman University

#### Comparison Of Combustion Efficiency To In-Situ Atmospheric Ammonia Measurements From A Miniature Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometer In The La Basin, Taylor Krause, Barry L. Lefer, Timothy H. Betram, Steven R. Schill

*Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters*

Atmospheric ammonia (NH_{3}) has been shown to impact the environment and threaten both human and animal health, especially in heavily populated urban areas, yet to date there remains a paucity of direct measurements. Recent studies have suggested that ammonia may be generated as a byproduct of fossil fuel emissions due to highly active catalytic converters in light-duty gasoline vehicles. To investigate this relationship, an airborne miniature Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometer (miniCIMS) was used to directly measure atmospheric ammonia and combustion reaction products in the Southern California LA Basin, during the 2015 NASA Student Airborne Research Program (SARP). The temporal ...

Procesy Cieplne I Aparaty (Lab), 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Zipping Towards Stem: Simulation Wind Tunnel, 2016 University of Akron Honors College Student

#### Zipping Towards Stem: Simulation Wind Tunnel, Devon A. Goldberg, Emma Pierson, Brandon Hein, Jeremy Hein, Greg Flohr

*Honors Research Projects*

The simulation wind tunnel program created for this project is implemented within a larger, National Science Foundation funded project titled *Zipping Towards STEM: Integrating Engineering Design into the Middle School Physical Science Curriculum*. Over the course of the next two years, all Akron Public School 8th grade students will go through the *Zipping Towards STEM* project curriculum. The students will be exposed to the typical steps of engineering design (computer modeling, simulation, building, and testing) and learn about the fundamentals of aerodynamics through the design of their own Soap Box Derby mini-cars. The virtual wind tunnel will be used during ...

Forensic Chemical Analysis Of Synthetic Cathinones Using Portable Mass Spectrometric Instrumentation, 2016 Virginia Commonwealth University

#### Forensic Chemical Analysis Of Synthetic Cathinones Using Portable Mass Spectrometric Instrumentation, Caitlin N. Cain

*Undergraduate Research Posters*

Forensic laboratories face issues with large backlogs on evidence needing to be analyzed is due to two reasons: budgeting issues and the emergence of designer drugs. Currently, forensic laboratory directors cite that there are a shortage of scientists to deal with the yearly increase in caseloads. Additionally, designer drugs like synthetic cathinones, commonly known as “bath salts,” have increased the backlog due to the changing chemical compositions and misidentification as other compounds. Therefore, the use of a portable mass spectrometer for on-site forensic chemical analysis of synthetic cathinones would reduce the backlog of suspected controlled substances in forensic chemistry laboratories ...

Perspectives For Low-Carbon Electricity Production Until 2030: Lessons Learned From The Comparison Of Local Contexts In Poland And Portugal, 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

#### Perspectives For Low-Carbon Electricity Production Until 2030: Lessons Learned From The Comparison Of Local Contexts In Poland And Portugal, Wojciech Budzianowski, Joao Gomes

*Wojciech Budzianowski*

This paper compares perspectives for low-carbon electricity production in two EU member states - Poland and Portugal until 2030. Electricity production capacities, carbon emissions of electricity production, and production cost of electricity (COE) of Poland and Portugal are analyzed. The dilemmas of investments into low-carbon electricity production technologies relying on: (i) renewable energy sources (RES), (ii) nuclear fuel, and (iii) fossil fuels integrated with carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) are discussed. Roadmap 2050 recommends about 40% decarbonization of electricity generation by 2030 and 100% by 2050. Based on electricity production mix forecast for 2030 carbon emissions of electricity are estimated at ...

Inżynieria Chemiczna Lab., 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

Conference Proceedings, Resrb 2016, 22-24 June 2016, Wrocław, Poland, 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

#### Conference Proceedings, Resrb 2016, 22-24 June 2016, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

*Wojciech Budzianowski*

No abstract provided.

#### The Cost Of Karst Subsidence And Sinkhole Collapse In The United States Compared With Other Natural Hazards, David J. Weary

*Sinkhole Conference 2015*

Rocks with potential for karst formation are found in all 50 states. Damage due to karst subsidence and sinkhole collapse is a natural hazard of national scope. Repair of damage to buildings, highways, and other infrastructure represents a significant national cost. Sparse and incomplete data show that the average cost of karst-related damages in the United States over the last 15 years is estimated to be at least $300,000,000 per year and the actual total is probably much higher. This estimate is lower than the estimated annual costs for other natural hazards; flooding, hurricanes and cyclonic storms, tornadoes ...

Geometric Constructions From An Algebraic Perspective, 2015 California State University-San Bernardino

#### Geometric Constructions From An Algebraic Perspective, Betzabe Bojorquez

*Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations*

Many topics that mathematicians study at times seem so unrelated such as Geometry and Abstract Algebra. These two branches of math would seem unrelated at first glance. I will try to bridge Geometry and Abstract Algebra just a bit with the following topics. We can be sure that after we construct our basic parallel and perpendicular lines, bisected angles, regular polygons, and other basic geometric figures, we are actually constructing what in geometry is simply stated and accepted, because it will be proven using abstract algebra. Also we will look at many classic problems in Geometry that are not possible ...

External Field Energy Problems On The Sphere And Minimal Energy Points Separation, 2015 Indiana University - Purdue University Fort Wayne

#### External Field Energy Problems On The Sphere And Minimal Energy Points Separation, Peter D. Dragnev, Peter Boyvalenkov, Douglas P. Hardin, Edward Saff, Maya Stoyanova

*Mathematical Sciences Faculty Presentations*

Minimal energy problems in the presence of external fields are a classic topic in logarithmic potential theory in the complex plane. Applications vary from asymptotics of orthogonal polynomials, to fast decreasing polynomials, to weighted polynomial and rational approximation, etc. Here we shall introduce the counterpart for measures supported on the unit sphere, with motivation arising from an application to separation results for minimal Riesz s-energy spherical configurations. A natural extension to axis-symmetric external fields is presented and separation results for minimal energy points with external fields. Finally, a work in progress report considers the special case s=d-2, where the ...

Energy Bounds For Spherical Codes, Test Functions And Lp Optimality, 2015 Indiana University - Purdue University Fort Wayne

#### Energy Bounds For Spherical Codes, Test Functions And Lp Optimality, Peter D. Dragnev, Peter Boyvalenkov, Douglas P. Hardin, Edward B. Saff, Maya Stoyanova

*Mathematical Sciences Faculty Presentations*

We derive universal lower bounds for the potential energy of spherical codes, that are optimal in the framework of Delsarte-Yudin linear programming method. Our bounds are universal in the sense of both Levenshtein and Cohn-Kumar; i.e., they are valid for any choice of dimension and code cardinality and they apply to any absolutely monotone potential. We further discuss a characterization on when the lower bounds are LP-optimal, that is they are the best possible in terms of the linear programming approach. Finally, we present the analogous results for codes in projective spaces.

Temperature Dependent Surface Reconstruction Of Freely Suspended Films Of 4-N-Heptyloxybenzylidene-4-N-Heptylaniline, 2015 Lawrence University

#### Temperature Dependent Surface Reconstruction Of Freely Suspended Films Of 4-N-Heptyloxybenzylidene-4-N-Heptylaniline, Daniel E. Martinez Zambrano

*Lawrence University Honors Projects*

Surfaces of freely suspended thick films of 4-n-heptyloxybenzylidene-4-n-heptylaniline (7O.7) in the crystalline-B phase have been imaged using non-contact mode atomic force microscopy. Steps are observed on the surface of the film with a height of 3.0 +/- 0.1 nm corresponding to the upright molecular length of 7O.7. In addition, we find that the step width varies with temperature between 56 and 59 degrees C. The steps are many times wider than the molecular length, suggesting that the steps are not on the surface but instead originate from edge dislocations in the interior. Using a strain model for ...

Analysis Of Synthetic Cannabinoids By Direct Analysis In Real Time Quadrupole Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry And Gas Chromatography Quadrupole Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry, 2015 Florida International University

#### Analysis Of Synthetic Cannabinoids By Direct Analysis In Real Time Quadrupole Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry And Gas Chromatography Quadrupole Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry, Tyler S. Torbet

*FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

The aim of this study was to investigate the utility of direct analysis in real time quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry and gas chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry in the analysis of 162 different synthetic cannabinoids. Direct analysis in real time quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry is shown to be a rapid and accurate analytical method for synthetic cannabinoids. Spectra can be generated with less than 1.5 ng of the drug in under a minute and be successfully searched against previously generated ESI-QTOF libraries in most cases (118/130 drugs tested) as well as can also be applied to the identification ...

Solid Angle Subtended By A Beam With Rectangular Profile Given The Horizontal & Vertical Beam Angles, 2015 M.M.M. University of Technology, Gorakhpur-273010 (UP) India

#### Solid Angle Subtended By A Beam With Rectangular Profile Given The Horizontal & Vertical Beam Angles, Harish Chandra Rajpoot Rajpoot

*Harish Chandra Rajpoot H.C. Rajpoot*

All the articles discussed & analysed here are useful for calculating the important parameters such as solid angle subtended by the beam at the point-source, total area intercepted by the beam with a spherical surface & cone angle of equivalent beam with circular section. These formula are very useful for replacing the rectangular profile by circular profile of a beam emitted by a uniform point-source & vice versa without any change in the total radiation energy/luminous flux associated with the original beam (having either rectangular or circular profile). Thus the articles discussed & analysed here are very useful for the analysis of radiation ...

Gal: A Stepwise Model For Automated Cloud Shadow Detection In Hico Oceanic Imagery Utilizing Guided Filter, Pixel Assignment, And Geometric Linking, 2015 University of Southern Mississippi

#### Gal: A Stepwise Model For Automated Cloud Shadow Detection In Hico Oceanic Imagery Utilizing Guided Filter, Pixel Assignment, And Geometric Linking, Jennerpher Renee Meyers

*Dissertations*

Detection of cloud shadow pixels is an important step in image processing in several remote sensing ocean-color application domains, such as obtaining chlorophyll content. While shadow detection algorithms do exist, the vast majority are for over land which leaves few options for detection over water.

The detection of cloud shadow over water in HICO imagery is a unique problem. As its name implies, HICO (Hyperspectral Imager for the Coastal Ocean) imagery is produced for coastal and oceanic regions. Since land based algorithms remove water before processing, these approaches would not be applicable. The only currently published HICO shadow pixel detection ...

Book Review: How To Bake Pi: An Edible Exploration Of The Mathematics Of Mathematics, 2015 Gettysburg College

#### Book Review: How To Bake Pi: An Edible Exploration Of The Mathematics Of Mathematics, Darren B. Glass

*Math Faculty Publications*

If you think about it, mathematics is really just one big analogy. For one example, the very concept of the number three is an drawing an analogy between a pile with three rocks, a collection of three books, and a plate with three carrots on it. For another, the idea of a group is drawing an analogy between adding real numbers, multiplying matrices, and many other mathematical structures. So much of what we do as mathematicians involves abstracting concrete things, and what is abstraction other than a big analogy? [*excerpt*]

Accuracy Of Supervised Classification Of Cropland In Sub–Saharan Africa, 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

#### Accuracy Of Supervised Classification Of Cropland In Sub–Saharan Africa, Sarah Lynn Lewis-Gonzales

*Masters Theses*

Mali is a country in sub–Saharan Africa where monitoring of cropped land area would greatly benefit food security initiatives and aid organizations. More importantly village–scale studies on cropped land are fundamental to making a difference in the way we look at cropped land area and food availability in this region of the world. Using Landsat surface reflectance imagery and World View–2 derived labeled data, this study focuses on accuracy of supervised classification methods while addressing various levels of scale. Several classification methods are taken into account to determine the best method possible to produce cropped area estimates ...

Mathematical Analysis Of Uniform Polyhedron (Trapezohedron) Having 2n Congruent Right Kite Faces, 4n Edges & 2n+2 Vertices Lying On A Spherical Surface By H.C. Rajpoot), 2015 M.M.M. University of Technology, Gorakhpur-273010 (UP) India

#### Mathematical Analysis Of Uniform Polyhedron (Trapezohedron) Having 2n Congruent Right Kite Faces, 4n Edges & 2n+2 Vertices Lying On A Spherical Surface By H.C. Rajpoot), Harish Chandra Rajpoot Rajpoot

*Harish Chandra Rajpoot H.C. Rajpoot*

The generalized formula are applicable on any uniform polyhedron having 2n congruent right kite faces, 4n edges & 2n+2 vertices lying on a spherical surface with a certain radius. These formula have been derived by the author Mr H.C. Rajpoot to analyse infinite no. of the uniform polyhedrons having congruent right kite faces simply by setting n=3,4,5,6,7,………………upto infinity, to calculate all the important parameters such as ratio of unequal edges, outer radius, inner radius, mean radius, surface area, volume, solid angles subtended by the polyhedron at its vertices, dihedral angles between the adjacent ...

Assessment Of Silk Degradation Using Pyrolysis, 2015 Bryant University

#### Assessment Of Silk Degradation Using Pyrolysis, Conor Makepeace

*Honors Projects in Science and Technology*

The purpose of this research is to investigate the molecular constitution of silk and the specific causes of post-production degradation in silk material. This capstone project focused specifically on the conditions and degradation of ancient Chinese silk products provided by the Chinese National Silk Museum. Modern silk products were artificially degraded and compared to the ancient silk using Py-GC-MS and comparative analytic techniques. This investigation revealed that the ancient silk products most likely underwent degradation in elevated temperatures while in the presence of moisture and the absence of sunlight or UV radiation during long term burial.

Spontaneous Dimension Reduction And The Existence Of A Local Lagrange-Hamilton Formalism For Given N-Dimensional Newtonian Equations Of Motion, 2015 University of North Georgia

#### Spontaneous Dimension Reduction And The Existence Of A Local Lagrange-Hamilton Formalism For Given N-Dimensional Newtonian Equations Of Motion, Piotr W. Hebda, Beata A. Hebda

*Faculty Publications*

A partially explicit construction of a Lagrange-Hamiltonian formalism for an arbitrary n -dimensional Newtonian system of equations of motion is given. Additional variables used in the construction are spontaneously reduced by the Dirac’s constraints resulting from degeneracy of the proposed Lagrangian, so that only the variables that appear in the original system of equations remain. A Hamiltonian and dynamical Dirac’s brackets are calculated.