Newsvendor Models With Monte Carlo Sampling, 2016 East Tennessee State University

#### Newsvendor Models With Monte Carlo Sampling, Ijeoma W. Ekwegh

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

Newsvendor Models with Monte Carlo Sampling by Ijeoma Winifred Ekwegh The newsvendor model is used in solving inventory problems in which demand is random. In this thesis, we will focus on a method of using Monte Carlo sampling to estimate the order quantity that will either maximizes revenue or minimizes cost given that demand is uncertain. Given data, the Monte Carlo approach will be used in sampling data over scenarios and also estimating the probability density function. A bootstrapping process yields an empirical distribution for the order quantity that will maximize the expected proﬁt. Finally, this method will be used ...

Reducing Pollen Dispersal Using Forest Windbreaks, 2016 University of Connecticut - Storrs

#### Reducing Pollen Dispersal Using Forest Windbreaks, Carol Auer, Thomas Meyer, Vernie Sagun

*Plant Science Articles*

The adoption of genetically engineered (GE) crops has created a demand for practical methods to mitigate pollen dispersal and gene flow. The goal of this project was to measure the ability of a narrow forest windbreak to reduce downwind pollen fluxes from switchgrass (*Panicum virgatum* L.), a North American grass and model biofuels feedstock. Switchgrass fields were established in two identical plots where one had a forest windbreak and the other was in an open (control) site. Switchgrass reproduction, pollen dispersal, wind speed, and wind direction were measured over two years. Daily release of switchgrass pollen peaked at 11:00-13 ...

Comparison Of Combustion Efficiency To In-Situ Atmospheric Ammonia Measurements From A Miniature Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometer In The La Basin, 2016 Chapman University

#### Comparison Of Combustion Efficiency To In-Situ Atmospheric Ammonia Measurements From A Miniature Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometer In The La Basin, Taylor Krause, Barry L. Lefer, Timothy H. Betram, Steven R. Schill

*Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters*

Atmospheric ammonia (NH_{3}) has been shown to impact the environment and threaten both human and animal health, especially in heavily populated urban areas, yet to date there remains a paucity of direct measurements. Recent studies have suggested that ammonia may be generated as a byproduct of fossil fuel emissions due to highly active catalytic converters in light-duty gasoline vehicles. To investigate this relationship, an airborne miniature Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometer (miniCIMS) was used to directly measure atmospheric ammonia and combustion reaction products in the Southern California LA Basin, during the 2015 NASA Student Airborne Research Program (SARP). The temporal ...

Procesy Cieplne I Aparaty (Lab), 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Zipping Towards Stem: Simulation Wind Tunnel, 2016 University of Akron Honors College Student

#### Zipping Towards Stem: Simulation Wind Tunnel, Devon A. Goldberg, Emma Pierson, Brandon Hein, Jeremy Hein, Greg Flohr

*Honors Research Projects*

The simulation wind tunnel program created for this project is implemented within a larger, National Science Foundation funded project titled *Zipping Towards STEM: Integrating Engineering Design into the Middle School Physical Science Curriculum*. Over the course of the next two years, all Akron Public School 8th grade students will go through the *Zipping Towards STEM* project curriculum. The students will be exposed to the typical steps of engineering design (computer modeling, simulation, building, and testing) and learn about the fundamentals of aerodynamics through the design of their own Soap Box Derby mini-cars. The virtual wind tunnel will be used during ...

Forensic Chemical Analysis Of Synthetic Cathinones Using Portable Mass Spectrometric Instrumentation, 2016 Virginia Commonwealth University

#### Forensic Chemical Analysis Of Synthetic Cathinones Using Portable Mass Spectrometric Instrumentation, Caitlin N. Cain

*Undergraduate Research Posters*

Forensic laboratories face issues with large backlogs on evidence needing to be analyzed is due to two reasons: budgeting issues and the emergence of designer drugs. Currently, forensic laboratory directors cite that there are a shortage of scientists to deal with the yearly increase in caseloads. Additionally, designer drugs like synthetic cathinones, commonly known as “bath salts,” have increased the backlog due to the changing chemical compositions and misidentification as other compounds. Therefore, the use of a portable mass spectrometer for on-site forensic chemical analysis of synthetic cathinones would reduce the backlog of suspected controlled substances in forensic chemistry laboratories ...

Perspectives For Low-Carbon Electricity Production Until 2030: Lessons Learned From The Comparison Of Local Contexts In Poland And Portugal, 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

#### Perspectives For Low-Carbon Electricity Production Until 2030: Lessons Learned From The Comparison Of Local Contexts In Poland And Portugal, Wojciech Budzianowski, Joao Gomes

*Wojciech Budzianowski*

This paper compares perspectives for low-carbon electricity production in two EU member states - Poland and Portugal until 2030. Electricity production capacities, carbon emissions of electricity production, and production cost of electricity (COE) of Poland and Portugal are analyzed. The dilemmas of investments into low-carbon electricity production technologies relying on: (i) renewable energy sources (RES), (ii) nuclear fuel, and (iii) fossil fuels integrated with carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) are discussed. Roadmap 2050 recommends about 40% decarbonization of electricity generation by 2030 and 100% by 2050. Based on electricity production mix forecast for 2030 carbon emissions of electricity are estimated at ...

Inżynieria Chemiczna Lab., 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

Order Form Resrb 2017, 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

#### Order Form Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

*Wojciech Budzianowski*

No abstract provided.

Renewable Energy And Sustainable Development (Resd) Group, 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

#### Renewable Energy And Sustainable Development (Resd) Group, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

*Wojciech Budzianowski*

No abstract provided.

Conference Proceedings, Resrb 2016, June 22-24, 2016, Wrocław, Poland, 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

#### Conference Proceedings, Resrb 2016, June 22-24, 2016, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

*Wojciech Budzianowski*

No abstract provided.

A1, 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

Abstract Template Resrb 2017, 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

#### Abstract Template Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

*Wojciech Budzianowski*

No abstract provided.

#### The Cost Of Karst Subsidence And Sinkhole Collapse In The United States Compared With Other Natural Hazards, David J. Weary

*Sinkhole Conference 2015*

Rocks with potential for karst formation are found in all 50 states. Damage due to karst subsidence and sinkhole collapse is a natural hazard of national scope. Repair of damage to buildings, highways, and other infrastructure represents a significant national cost. Sparse and incomplete data show that the average cost of karst-related damages in the United States over the last 15 years is estimated to be at least $300,000,000 per year and the actual total is probably much higher. This estimate is lower than the estimated annual costs for other natural hazards; flooding, hurricanes and cyclonic storms, tornadoes ...

Geometric Constructions From An Algebraic Perspective, 2015 California State University-San Bernardino

#### Geometric Constructions From An Algebraic Perspective, Betzabe Bojorquez

*Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations*

Many topics that mathematicians study at times seem so unrelated such as Geometry and Abstract Algebra. These two branches of math would seem unrelated at first glance. I will try to bridge Geometry and Abstract Algebra just a bit with the following topics. We can be sure that after we construct our basic parallel and perpendicular lines, bisected angles, regular polygons, and other basic geometric figures, we are actually constructing what in geometry is simply stated and accepted, because it will be proven using abstract algebra. Also we will look at many classic problems in Geometry that are not possible ...

External Field Energy Problems On The Sphere And Minimal Energy Points Separation, 2015 Indiana University - Purdue University Fort Wayne

#### External Field Energy Problems On The Sphere And Minimal Energy Points Separation, Peter D. Dragnev, Peter Boyvalenkov, Douglas P. Hardin, Edward Saff, Maya Stoyanova

*Mathematical Sciences Faculty Presentations*

Minimal energy problems in the presence of external fields are a classic topic in logarithmic potential theory in the complex plane. Applications vary from asymptotics of orthogonal polynomials, to fast decreasing polynomials, to weighted polynomial and rational approximation, etc. Here we shall introduce the counterpart for measures supported on the unit sphere, with motivation arising from an application to separation results for minimal Riesz s-energy spherical configurations. A natural extension to axis-symmetric external fields is presented and separation results for minimal energy points with external fields. Finally, a work in progress report considers the special case s=d-2, where the ...

Energy Bounds For Spherical Codes, Test Functions And Lp Optimality, 2015 Indiana University - Purdue University Fort Wayne

#### Energy Bounds For Spherical Codes, Test Functions And Lp Optimality, Peter D. Dragnev, Peter Boyvalenkov, Douglas P. Hardin, Edward B. Saff, Maya Stoyanova

*Mathematical Sciences Faculty Presentations*

We derive universal lower bounds for the potential energy of spherical codes, that are optimal in the framework of Delsarte-Yudin linear programming method. Our bounds are universal in the sense of both Levenshtein and Cohn-Kumar; i.e., they are valid for any choice of dimension and code cardinality and they apply to any absolutely monotone potential. We further discuss a characterization on when the lower bounds are LP-optimal, that is they are the best possible in terms of the linear programming approach. Finally, we present the analogous results for codes in projective spaces.

Temperature Dependent Surface Reconstruction Of Freely Suspended Films Of 4-N-Heptyloxybenzylidene-4-N-Heptylaniline, 2015 Lawrence University

#### Temperature Dependent Surface Reconstruction Of Freely Suspended Films Of 4-N-Heptyloxybenzylidene-4-N-Heptylaniline, Daniel E. Martinez Zambrano

*Lawrence University Honors Projects*

Surfaces of freely suspended thick films of 4-n-heptyloxybenzylidene-4-n-heptylaniline (7O.7) in the crystalline-B phase have been imaged using non-contact mode atomic force microscopy. Steps are observed on the surface of the film with a height of 3.0 +/- 0.1 nm corresponding to the upright molecular length of 7O.7. In addition, we find that the step width varies with temperature between 56 and 59 degrees C. The steps are many times wider than the molecular length, suggesting that the steps are not on the surface but instead originate from edge dislocations in the interior. Using a strain model for ...

Analysis Of Synthetic Cannabinoids By Direct Analysis In Real Time Quadrupole Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry And Gas Chromatography Quadrupole Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry, 2015 Florida International University

#### Analysis Of Synthetic Cannabinoids By Direct Analysis In Real Time Quadrupole Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry And Gas Chromatography Quadrupole Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry, Tyler S. Torbet

*FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

The aim of this study was to investigate the utility of direct analysis in real time quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry and gas chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry in the analysis of 162 different synthetic cannabinoids. Direct analysis in real time quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry is shown to be a rapid and accurate analytical method for synthetic cannabinoids. Spectra can be generated with less than 1.5 ng of the drug in under a minute and be successfully searched against previously generated ESI-QTOF libraries in most cases (118/130 drugs tested) as well as can also be applied to the identification ...

Solid Angle Subtended By A Beam With Rectangular Profile Given The Horizontal & Vertical Beam Angles, 2015 M.M.M. University of Technology, Gorakhpur-273010 (UP) India

#### Solid Angle Subtended By A Beam With Rectangular Profile Given The Horizontal & Vertical Beam Angles, Harish Chandra Rajpoot Rajpoot

*Harish Chandra Rajpoot H.C. Rajpoot*

All the articles discussed & analysed here are useful for calculating the important parameters such as solid angle subtended by the beam at the point-source, total area intercepted by the beam with a spherical surface & cone angle of equivalent beam with circular section. These formula are very useful for replacing the rectangular profile by circular profile of a beam emitted by a uniform point-source & vice versa without any change in the total radiation energy/luminous flux associated with the original beam (having either rectangular or circular profile). Thus the articles discussed & analysed here are very useful for the analysis of radiation ...