# Physical Sciences and Mathematics Commons™

## All Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

209,475 full-text articles. Page 7 of 5815.

Load Balancing In Cloud Computing, 2020 San Jose State University

#### Load Balancing In Cloud Computing, Snehal Dhumal

##### Master's Projects

Cloud computing is one of the top trending technologies which primarily focuses on the end user’s use cases. The service provider needs to provide services to many clients. These increasing number of requests from the clients are giving rise to the new inventions in the load scheduling algorithms. There are different scheduling algorithms which are already present in the cloud computing, and some of them includes the Shortest Job First (SJF), First Come First Serve (FCFS), Round Robin (RR) etc. Though there are different parameters to consider when load balancing in cloud computing, makespan (time difference between start time ...

Network Traffic Based Botnet Detection Using Machine Learning, 2020 San Jose State University

#### Network Traffic Based Botnet Detection Using Machine Learning, Anand Ravindra Vishwakarma

##### Master's Projects

The field of information and computer security is rapidly developing in today’s world as the number of security risks is continuously being explored every day. The moment a new software or a product is launched in the market, a new exploit or vulnerability is exposed and exploited by the attackers or malicious users for different motives. Many attacks are distributed in nature and carried out by botnets that cause widespread disruption of network activity by carrying out DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attacks, email spamming, click fraud, information and identity theft, virtual deceit and distributed resource usage for cryptocurrency ...

2020 San Jose State University

#### Virtual Robot Locomotion On Variable Terrain With Adversarial Reinforcement Learning, Phong Nguyen

##### Master's Projects

Reinforcement Learning (RL) is a machine learning technique where an agent learns

to perform a complex action by going through a repeated process of trial and error to maximize a well-defined reward function. This form of learning has found applications in robot locomotion where it has been used to teach robots to traverse complex terrain. While RL algorithms may work well in training robot locomotion, they tend to not generalize well when the agent is brought into an environment that it has never encountered before. Possible solutions from the literature include training a destabilizing adversary alongside the locomotive learning agent ...

Ternary Polar Intermetallics Within The Pt/Sn/R Systems (R = La− Sm): Stannides Or Platinides?, 2020 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

#### Ternary Polar Intermetallics Within The Pt/Sn/R Systems (R = La− Sm): Stannides Or Platinides?, Melissa L. Rhodehouse, Volodymyr Smetana, Chris Celania, Anja-Verena Mudring, Gerd H. Meyer

##### Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Starting generally with a 4:6:3 molar ratio of Pt, Sn, and R (where R = La–Sm), with or without the application of a NaCl flux, seven ternary compounds were obtained as single crystals. The platinides Pt4Sn6R3 (R = La–Nd) crystallize with the Pt4Ge6Pr3 type of structure (oP52, Pnma, a = 27.6–27.8 Å, b = 4.59–4.64 Å, c = 9.33–9.40 Å). With R = Pr, Pt4Sn6Pr3–x (oP52, Pnma, a = 7.2863(3) Å, b = 4.4909(2) Å, c = 35.114(1) Å) is also obtained, which might be considered a ...

Simulating The Effect Of The Climate Change, Genotypes And Management On The Productivity Of Forage Cowpea In Semi-Arid Regions Of India, 2020 Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India

#### Simulating The Effect Of The Climate Change, Genotypes And Management On The Productivity Of Forage Cowpea In Semi-Arid Regions Of India, Suchit K. Rai, Sunil Kumar, D. Deb

##### International Grassland Congress Proceedings

Climate variability and change due to increase in green house gases concentration and the resultant increase in temperature has led to notable changes in different sectors including water and agriculture which would impact food security (Rai et al., 2014) in many regions of the developing world, which are largely dependent on rainfed and labor intensive agricultural production (Ziervogel and Calder, 2003). Eco-physiological models are widely used especially the potential impacts of climate change (Gitay et al., 2001; White et al., 2011). The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) is an annual herbaceous legume cultivated for its edible seeds or for fodder ...

Change In Migration And Pasture Utilization By Brokpa Pastoral Nomads: A Sustainable Adaptation Strategy For Climate Sensitive Arunachal Pradesh!?, 2020 National Research Centre on Yak, India

#### Change In Migration And Pasture Utilization By Brokpa Pastoral Nomads: A Sustainable Adaptation Strategy For Climate Sensitive Arunachal Pradesh!?, Sanjit Maiti, S. K. Jha, Sanchita Garai, Vijay Paul, G. Krishnan, A. K. Bera, D. Bhattacharya, S. M. Deb

##### International Grassland Congress Proceedings

The north-eastern states of India specially Arunachal Pradesh, one of the bio-diversity hotspot, is expected to be greatly affected by climate change. Climate change will not only adversely impact the biodiversity of Arunachal Pradesh, but also affect the livelihood of local communities as they fully dependent on the natural resources. The Monpa is a primitive tribe inhabiting parts of West Kameng and Tawang district of Arunachal Pradesh. The pastoral nomad of the Monpa tribe is popularly known as Brokpa. Transhumance system of livestock mainly yak (Poephagus grunniens L.) rearing is their main source of livelihood. In recent past, challenges of ...

Integrated Evaluation Of Soil Carbon Budget By Manure Application On Forage Production, 2020 Iwate University, Japan

#### Integrated Evaluation Of Soil Carbon Budget By Manure Application On Forage Production, Mikinori Tsuiki, Ryo Sato, Shoji Matsuura, Mariko Shimizu, Ryusuke Hatano, Takatoshi Arita, Akinori Mori, Akira Miyata, Masayuki Hojito, Mitsuhiro Niimi

##### International Grassland Congress Proceedings

Grasslands and forage crop fields produce forages and also have many services and functions such as repositories of biodiversity, climate regulation and soil conservation (Sala and Paruelo, 1997). Carbon budget is one of these important ecosystem services by high levels of carbon sequestration below ground (Hungate et al., 1997). Manure application increases carbon budget and also affects forage production, NO3- leaching to underground water and N2O emission to atmosphere. Integrated evaluation of these various environmental impacts is important to find optimum condition for forage production and environmental impacts. LIME2 (Life-cycle Impact assessment Method based on Endpoint modeling ...

Regulation Of Nitrification In Soil: Advances In Integration Of Brachiaria Hybrids To Intensify Agriculture And To Mitigate Climate Change, 2020 Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical, Colombia

#### Regulation Of Nitrification In Soil: Advances In Integration Of Brachiaria Hybrids To Intensify Agriculture And To Mitigate Climate Change, Jacobo Arango, Idupulapati M. Rao, Manabu Ishitani, John W. Miles, Michael Peters, Joe Tohme, Danilo E. Moreta, Margaret Worthington, Rein Van Der Hoek, Mario Cuchillo, Glenn Hyman, Jeimar Tapasco, Jesus Martinez

##### International Grassland Congress Proceedings

Higher rates of nitrification in soil facilitate nitrogen (N) losses from agricultural systems through nitrate-leaching and denitrification. Plants’ ability to produce and release nitrification inhibitors from roots and suppress soil-nitrifier activity is termed ‘biological nitrification inhibition’ (BNI) (Subbarao et al., 2015). Up to 70% of applied N-fertilizer is lost (via NO3−leaching and gaseous-N emissions) from agricultural systems and the annual economic loss from lost N-fertilizer is estimated at 90 US\$ billion. Previous research has indicated that Brachiaria humidicola (Bh), a tropical forage grass that is well adapted to infertile and waterlogged soils, has high capacity to inhibit nitrification in ...

Down Regulation Of Receptor Like Kinase Gene In Apomictic Cenchrus Ciliaris, 2020 University of Delhi, India

#### Down Regulation Of Receptor Like Kinase Gene In Apomictic Cenchrus Ciliaris, Shashi, Anuj Dwivedi, Vishnu Bhat

##### International Grassland Congress Proceedings

Apomixis is a potential technology for agriculture to fix heterosis or hybrid vigor in hybrid plants. Cenchrus ciliaris which is a popular forage crop reproduces predominantly through apomixis and has been used as a model plant to understand genetic and molecular mechanisms controlling apomixis. A partial receptor like kinase gene (CcRLK) was isolated from apomictic C. ciliaris which showed exclusive expression in the embryo sacs of apomictic flowers compared to sexual embryo sacs during in situ hybridization analysis. This gene showed kinase and LRR domains implying its putative role in signaling pathways. In order to understand its functional significance, it ...

Development Of Est Derived Microsatellite Markers In Buffel Grass And Their Cross Transferability To Other Forage Grasses, 2020 Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India

#### Development Of Est Derived Microsatellite Markers In Buffel Grass And Their Cross Transferability To Other Forage Grasses, Auji Radhakrishna, Krishna Kumar Dwivedi

##### International Grassland Congress Proceedings

Buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris L.) is an important perennial grass grown widely in arid and semiarid regions of the world. It is one of the prominent species of the Dichanthium-Cenchrus-Lasiurus grass cover spread over the Peninsular India (Dabadghao and Shankarnarayan, 1973). C. ciliaris is a warm season, C4 grass well adapted to survive harsh conditions, elevated CO2 levels and wide range of climates and soil regimes. It is considered an excellent pasture grass as it provides highly nutritious and palatable forage during drought periods. Despite its excellent forage characteristics genetic improvement through conventional breeding methods has been difficult ...

Ploidy Dependent Expression Of Apomixis Components In Guinea Grass (Panicum Maximum Jacq.), 2020 Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India

#### Ploidy Dependent Expression Of Apomixis Components In Guinea Grass (Panicum Maximum Jacq.), P. Kaushal, Krishna Kumar Dwivedi, Auji Radhakrishna, Sheena Saxena, Sharmishtha Paul, Ajoy K. Roy, D. R. Malaviya

##### International Grassland Congress Proceedings

Apomixis is an asexual method of reproduction through seeds. The potential of apomixis has been envisaged as “asexual revolution” by virtue of its capacity to fix hybrid vigour, a much desirable feature in breeding of agricultural crops. The genetic mechanism of apomixis regulation is complex and is believed to be largely affected by polyploidy (Nogler 1984). Expression of apomixis essentially contains three components, viz. apomeiosis (formation of unreduced egg cell), parthenogenesis (fertilization independent embryo development) and functional endosperm development (autonomous or psuedogamous). In contrast to previous reports, the evidence has now gathered that these three components can be functionally uncoupled ...

Establishment Of High-Efficiency Agrobacterium-Mediated Transformation Of Callus Derived From Sehima Nervosum, An Important Range Grass Species, 2020 Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India

#### Establishment Of High-Efficiency Agrobacterium-Mediated Transformation Of Callus Derived From Sehima Nervosum, An Important Range Grass Species, Krishna Kumar Dwivedi, Tanu Sonkar, R. Katiyar, Auji Radhakrishna, P. Kaushal

##### International Grassland Congress Proceedings

Sehima nervosum is one of the important rangeland grass in India, It is commonly known as Saen grass in India, white grass in Australia, and has also been reported from the Central East Africa and Sudan. It is a good forage grass and maybe utilized for grazing as well as for hay preparation. It is a perennial grass, prefers hot and dry climate and survive even in limited rainfalls. As this natural grass is found inherently rich in precursors for several industrially important biomolecules, fractionation of these precursors seems to be a promising endeavour. Production of nutraceuticals (prebiotic xylo-oligosaccharides) from ...

Transcriptome Analysis Of Differentially Expressed Genes At Pre-Meiotic Developmental Stage In Pennisetum Hybrids With Contrasting Modes Of Reproduction, 2020 Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India

#### Transcriptome Analysis Of Differentially Expressed Genes At Pre-Meiotic Developmental Stage In Pennisetum Hybrids With Contrasting Modes Of Reproduction, Krishna Kumar Dwivedi, Auji Radhakrishna, D. R. Malaviya, Ajoy K. Roy, P. Kaushal

##### International Grassland Congress Proceedings

Apomixis is an asexual reproduction through seeds where embryo develops without meiosis and fertilization. It is widely distributed throughout plant kingdom, but is more prevalent in families like Asteraceae, Rosaceae and Poaceae (Carman, 1997). This trait is highly desirable for fixing heterosis in F1 hybrids with significant implications for crop improvement (Dwivedi et al., 2007). Therefore it is necessary to unravel the molecular and genetic basis of apomixis to tap its potential. Pennisetum is an important genus of the Poaceae family which contains a wide range of species exhibiting wide variability in morphological, molecular, and reproductive traits (Jauhar, 1998). It ...

Differential Gene Expression Patterns Of Male Sterile Lines Of Alfalfa Hybrids At Bud Differentiation Stage And Heterosis, 2020 Inner Mongolia Academy of Forestry Monitoring, China

#### Differential Gene Expression Patterns Of Male Sterile Lines Of Alfalfa Hybrids At Bud Differentiation Stage And Heterosis, Liyan Cai, Fengling Shi, Cuiping Gao, Fengyan Yi, Xia Gao

##### International Grassland Congress Proceedings

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is important legume forage that is widely cultivated in China and other countries. Alfalfa breeding can’t meet the need of production now, highlighted in yield and resistance of current alfalfa cultivars (He et al., 2000; Wei et al., 2007). Increasing heterozygosity of hybrids and thus the heterosis is a way to breed alfalfa cultivars with high yield and resistance (Hong et al., 2009). The objective of this study was to investigate the correlations of various differential gene expression patterns with forage yield in order to better understand the role the alfalfa male sterile lines may ...

2020 San Jose State University

#### Using Color Thresholding And Contouring To Understand Coral Reef Biodiversity, Scott Vuong Tran

##### Master's Projects

This paper presents research outcomes of understanding coral reef biodiversity through the usage of various computer vision applications and techniques. It aims to help further analyze and understand the coral reef biodiversity through the usage of color thresholding and contouring onto images of the ARMS plates to extract groups of microorganisms based on color. The results are comparable to the manual markup tool developed to do the same tasks and shows that the manual process can be sped up using computer vision. The paper presents an automated way to extract groups of microorganisms based on color without the use of ...

Implementing Tontinecoin, 2020 San Jose State University

#### Implementing Tontinecoin, Prashant Pardeshi

##### Master's Projects

One of the alternatives to proof-of-work (PoW) consensus protocols is proof-of- stake (PoS) protocols, which address its energy and cost related issues. But they suffer from the nothing-at-stake problem; validators (PoS miners) are bound to lose nothing if they support multiple blockchain forks. Tendermint, a PoS protocol, handles this problem by forcing validators to bond their stake and then seizing a cheater’s stake when caught signing multiple competing blocks. The seized stake is then evenly distributed amongst the rest of validators. However, as the number of validators increases, the benefit in finding a cheater compared to the cost of ...

2020 Southern Methodist University

#### Sensitivity Analysis For Incomplete Data And Causal Inference, Heng Chen

##### Statistical Science Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, we explore sensitivity analyses under three different types of incomplete data problems, including missing outcomes, missing outcomes and missing predictors, potential outcomes in \emph{Rubin causal model (RCM)}. The first sensitivity analysis is conducted for the \emph{missing completely at random (MCAR)} assumption in frequentist inference; the second one is conducted for the \emph{missing at random (MAR)} assumption in likelihood inference; the third one is conducted for one novel assumption, the sixth assumption'' proposed for the robustness of instrumental variable estimand in causal inference.

Soil Moisture Contributions To Insar Phase And Decorrelation, 2020 Southern Methodist University

#### Soil Moisture Contributions To Insar Phase And Decorrelation, Yusuf Eshqi Molan

##### Earth Sciences Theses and Dissertations

Interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) provides capability to detect surface deformation. Between two SAR images, in addition to ground surface deformations, changes may happen in the surface parameters such as soil moisture, vegetation layer water content, and so on. Despite deformation, the other changes may not be of interest for a common InSAR analysis and an ordinary InSAR analysis rarely takes into account their influences on InSAR phase and coherence. The effect of the changes on InSAR phase and coherence can potentially impede accurate estimation of ground surface deformation but also can open new window into soil moisture retrieval and ...

Statistical Models And Analysis Of Univariate And Multivariate Degradation Data, 2020 Southern Methodist University

#### Statistical Models And Analysis Of Univariate And Multivariate Degradation Data, Lochana Palayangoda

##### Statistical Science Theses and Dissertations

For degradation data in reliability analysis, estimation of the first-passage time (FPT) distribution to a threshold provides valuable information on reliability characteristics. Recently, Balakrishnan and Qin (2019; Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry, 35:571-590) studied a nonparametric method to approximate the FPT distribution of such degradation processes if the underlying process type is unknown. In this thesis, we propose improved techniques based on saddlepoint approximation, which enhance upon their suggested methods. Numerical examples and Monte Carlo simulation studies are used to illustrate the advantages of the proposed techniques. Limitations of the improved techniques are discussed and some possible ...

2020 Southern Methodist University

#### The Boundary Element Method For Parabolic Equation And Its Implementation In Bem++, Sihao Wang

##### Mathematics Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this work is to develop a fast method for solving Galerkin discretizations of boundary integral formulations of the heat equation. The main contribution of this work is to devise a new fast algorithm for evaluating the dense matrices of the discretized integral equations.

Similar to the parabolic FMM, this method is based on a subdivision of the matrices into an appropriate hierarchical block structure. However, instead of an expansion of the kernel in both space and time we interpolate kernel in the temporal variables and use of the adaptive cross approximation (ACA) in the spatial variables.

The ...