Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3,230 Full-Text Articles 4,843 Authors 313,730 Downloads 101 Institutions

All Articles in Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology

Faceted Search

3,230 full-text articles. Page 1 of 63.

Prospective Doctoral Statment For The University Of Southern California's School Of Cinematic Arts Media Arts + Practice Program, Gabriel Leiner 2015 University of Southern California

Prospective Doctoral Statment For The University Of Southern California's School Of Cinematic Arts Media Arts + Practice Program, Gabriel Leiner

Gabriel Leiner

After visiting L.A. again and seeing the beautiful fountains on University of Southern California campus I am filled with all kinds of ideas about the future and brimming with energy. To all those at the University of Southern California's Cinematic Arts Department, thanks for reading my ideas over the past couple years and helping me to evolve and become a better person and a better writer. Starting a position as a doctoral student in the Media Arts + Practice Program in 2016 is an exciting opportunity. I've got a really positive outlook about Kiss The Water.


Nwa 8614: The Least Heated Winonaite, Karla Farley, Alex Ruzicka, Katherine Armstrong 2015 Portland State University

Nwa 8614: The Least Heated Winonaite, Karla Farley, Alex Ruzicka, Katherine Armstrong

Student Research Symposium

Northwest Africa 8614 is classified as a winonaite on the basis of oxygen isotope ratios, mineralogy, and highly reduced chemistry. Unlike other winonaites, it contains numerous and readily apparent chondrules. Here we discuss various features of NWA 8614 and the possible significance of the meteorite.

Petrological and chemical analyses were performed using optical microscopy with a DM2500 Leica petrographic microscope and a Zeiss Sigma VP-FEG scanning electron microscope (SEM) with a high-efficiency energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS). Oxygen isotopes were analyzed by Karen Ziegler at the University of New Mexico on acid-washed samples to remove terrestrial weathering products.

Owing to the ...


Urban Scale Modeling Of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide And Validation Of Emission Inventories, James E. Powell, Christopher L. Butenhoff, Andrew L. Rice 2015 Portland State University

Urban Scale Modeling Of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide And Validation Of Emission Inventories, James E. Powell, Christopher L. Butenhoff, Andrew L. Rice

Student Research Symposium

There exists a pressing need for high resolution emissions inventories for cities. For greenhouse gases, cities and regions need a careful analysis of their carbon footprint to design effective policies to control and mitigate emissions. High resolution emissions inventories can be used in conjunction with meteorology models and atmospheric measurements to place top-down constraints on emissions. High resolution emissions inventories for criteria pollutants like NOx, CO, and O3 enable urban-scale air pollution modeling down to the neighborhood level. For example, the Vulcan project estimates CO2 using county-scale vehicle miles traveled (VMT) from the National Mobile Inventory Model ...


Early Rayleigh-Scatter Lidar Temperature Measurements From The Lower Thermosphere, Leda Sox, Vincent B. Wickwar 2015 Utah State University

Early Rayleigh-Scatter Lidar Temperature Measurements From The Lower Thermosphere, Leda Sox, Vincent B. Wickwar

Leda Sox

Rayleigh-scatter lidar observations were made on many clear nights at the Atmospheric Lidar Observatory (ALO) at Utah State University (USU) from 1993 to 2004 in the altitude range 45–90 km. An upgraded facility, 66 times more sensitive, has been brought on line. It has resulted in temperature measurements with maximum altitudes that extend into new territory—the lower thermosphere. All-night temperature averages have been recorded up to an altitude of 114 km. Temperatures from each month, starting in June 2014, are presented and discussed. They are compared to each other, to the ALO-USU climatology from the original lidar, and ...


Adcp Mooring System On The Southeast Florida Shelf, Alexandre Soloviev, Cayla Whitney Dean, Robert H. Weisberg, Mark E. Luther, Jon Wood 2015 Nova Southeastern University Oceanographic Center

Adcp Mooring System On The Southeast Florida Shelf, Alexandre Soloviev, Cayla Whitney Dean, Robert H. Weisberg, Mark E. Luther, Jon Wood

Oceanography Faculty Reports

No abstract provided.


Marine Snow Settling Velocities At An Oil Spill Site And A Control Site In The Northern Gulf Of Mexico, Clayton Dike 2015 The University of Southern Mississippi

Marine Snow Settling Velocities At An Oil Spill Site And A Control Site In The Northern Gulf Of Mexico, Clayton Dike

Master's Theses

After budgeting for response efforts and natural processes, over one million barrels of oil from the BP oil spill were unaccounted for. A hypothesis coined "The Dirty Blizzard" formed subsequent to observations of large and numerous oiled marine snow aggregates amidst the surface slick proposed that a large quantity of oil sank to depth via the aggregates. Having reached the seafloor, aggregates were subject to microbial degradation and to redistribution due to bottom currents. To assist in characterizing redistribution of particles near the seafloor, sediment traps, marine snow cameras, and acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCPs) were deployed at two sites ...


Chhs May 2015 E-Newsletter,, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, VaShone S. Wells, College of Health and Human Services 2015 Western Kentucky University

Chhs May 2015 E-Newsletter,, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, Vashone S. Wells, College Of Health And Human Services

Ogden College of Science & Engineering Publications

No abstract provided.


Ogden College Of Science And Engineering Newsletter, Cheryl Stevens, Dean, Ogden College of Science and Engineering 2015 Western Kentucky University

Ogden College Of Science And Engineering Newsletter, Cheryl Stevens, Dean, Ogden College Of Science And Engineering

Ogden College of Science & Engineering Publications

No abstract provided.


Characterizing The Influence Of Atlantic Water Intrusion On Water Mass Formation And Primary Production In Kongsfjorden, Svalbard, Courtney Michelle Payne 2015 Bowdoin College

Characterizing The Influence Of Atlantic Water Intrusion On Water Mass Formation And Primary Production In Kongsfjorden, Svalbard, Courtney Michelle Payne

Honors Projects

With warming global temperatures and changes to large-scale ocean circulation patterns, warm water intrusion into Arctic fjords is increasingly affecting fragile polar ecosystems. This study investigated how warm Atlantic water intrusion and the tidewater glacial melting it causes impacted water mass formation and primary productivity in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard. Data were collected over a 2-week period during the height of the melt season in August near the Kronebreen/Kongsvegen glacier complex, the most rapidly retreating glacier in Spitsbergen. Since 1998, intruding waters have warmed between 4 and 5.5˚C, which has prevented sea ice formation and changed the characteristics of ...


Exploration Of Spatial And Temporal Changes In Trophic Status Of Lakes In The Northern Temporal Forest Biome Using Remote Sensing, Aleksey Paltsev 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Exploration Of Spatial And Temporal Changes In Trophic Status Of Lakes In The Northern Temporal Forest Biome Using Remote Sensing, Aleksey Paltsev

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

There is a critical need for detailed surveys of lakes covering large spatial (>100 km2) and temporal scales (decades) to determine if there is an increase in the magnitude and frequency of phytoplankton blooms. Remote sensing was used to: (1) develop a regression model that relates chlorophyll a (chl-a) as a proxy of lake phytoplankton biomass to Landsat TM and ETM+ optical reflectance (r2=0.85, p


Numerical Model Derived Altimeter Correction Maps For Non-Standard Atmospheric Temperature And Pressure, Thomas A. Guinn, Frederick R. Mosher 2015 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

Numerical Model Derived Altimeter Correction Maps For Non-Standard Atmospheric Temperature And Pressure, Thomas A. Guinn, Frederick R. Mosher

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Altimeter corrections for non-standard temperature pose a challenge because accurate calculations require detailed knowledge of the temperature structure of the atmosphere between the surface and the aircraft. By applying basic hypsometric formulae to high resolution numerical model temperature and moisture output, detailed maps of current and forecasted corrected D-values are created. Corrected D-values provide the altitude difference between the true altitude and the indicated altitude from a pressure altimeter. Unlike standard D-values, the corrected D-value corrects for non-standard pressure in addition to non-standard temperature and is therefore useful for flights below class A airspace. Maps of corrected D-value may help ...


Dissipation Rate Of Turbulent Kinetic Energy In Diel Vertical Migrations: Comparison Of Ansys Fluent Model To Measurements, Cayla Whitney Dean, Alexandre Soloviev, Amy Hirons, Tamara M. Frank, Ocean Data Technologies, Inc. 2015 Nova Southeastern University Oceanographic Center

Dissipation Rate Of Turbulent Kinetic Energy In Diel Vertical Migrations: Comparison Of Ansys Fluent Model To Measurements, Cayla Whitney Dean, Alexandre Soloviev, Amy Hirons, Tamara M. Frank, Ocean Data Technologies, Inc.

Oceanography Faculty Proceedings, Presentations, Speeches, Lectures

No abstract provided.


Progressive Assessment Of Lake Depths In Cedar Lake, Samuel L. Rice 2015 Cedarville University

Progressive Assessment Of Lake Depths In Cedar Lake, Samuel L. Rice

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

In the fall of 2012, the CU Environmental Geology class did an assignment which produced a bathymetry (bottom-contour) map of Cedar Lake. Although the depth measurements using stadia rods and the position measurements using handheld GPS units were somewhat crude, the end result was a map that seemed to be a very reasonable depiction on the lake bottom configuration. In the fall 2014, measurements were again made as a part of an ongoing assessment to determine if sediment infill was occurring in the lake. The data gathering techniques duplicated those used in 2012, including equipment used. The primary difference between ...


Fluctuations And Trends In Chlorophyll-A In The Arctic Ocean, Joshua Stacy 2015 Florida State University

Fluctuations And Trends In Chlorophyll-A In The Arctic Ocean, Joshua Stacy

Undergraduate Research Symposium 2015

Primary productivity, or the rate at which energy is converted to organic substances, can be determined by analyzing trends in chlorophyll-a in an ocean region over time. Chlorophyll-a is a chemical produced by photosynthetic organisms that is used to convert light into chemicals which they can use for energy. Therefore, primary productivity and the amount of chlorophyll-a present in a region have a direct correlation. The purpose of this experiment was to determine how quickly the primary productivity in the region is changing, as any sort of rapid change could have any number of unknown effects o the ecosystem. Using ...


Late-1990s Climate Shift Impact On Corn Yield In Iowa, Christopher J. Anderson, Bruce A. Babcock, Yixing Peng, Philip W. Gassman, Todd D. Campbell 2015 Iowa State University

Late-1990s Climate Shift Impact On Corn Yield In Iowa, Christopher J. Anderson, Bruce A. Babcock, Yixing Peng, Philip W. Gassman, Todd D. Campbell

Agricultural Policy Review

The next advance in climate science will come out of experiments in forecasting shifts in climate regimes—an extended period of time in which weather conditions have consistent range, such as the Dust Bowl years or the Little Ice Age. A climate regime shift results in a new range of weather conditions for an extended period, so being able to predict a regime shift allows planners to anticipate an emerging weather risk profile that would be expected to persist for 20–30 years. One way a regime change occurs is when slowly varying ocean surface temperatures change from warm to ...


Winter Weather Services And Forecasting Options For Local Agencies, Michael Baldwin 2015 Purdue University

Winter Weather Services And Forecasting Options For Local Agencies, Michael Baldwin

Purdue Road School

Students majoring in atmospheric science at Purdue's Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences have organized a "forecasting club" to provide weather forecasting services to a wide range of customers. During the winter months, these students provide a detailed forecast of conditions across the state of Indiana that are expected to impact road maintenance operations. These forecasts are available via a web page as well as direct email. Other information regarding winter weather observations and predictions is rapidly increasing in availability. This presentation will discuss these freely available sources of winter weather information that can be used by local ...


Efficient General Computational Method For Estimation Of Standard Atmosphere Parameters, Nihad E. Daidzic Ph.D., Sc.D. 2015 AAR Aerospace Consulting, LLC

Efficient General Computational Method For Estimation Of Standard Atmosphere Parameters, Nihad E. Daidzic Ph.D., Sc.D.

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Knowledge of standard air temperature, pressure, density, speed of sound, and viscosity as a function of altitude is essential information in aircraft design, performance testing, pressure altimeter calibration, and several other aeronautical engineering and aviation science applications. A new efficient computational method for rapid calculations of standard atmospheric parameters up to 86 orthometric km is presented. Additionally, mass and weight of each standard atmospheric layer were calculated using a numerical integration method. The sum of all fractional masses and weights represents the total mass and weight of Earth’s atmosphere. The results obtained here agree well with measurements and models ...


Ship-Induced Solitary Riemann Waves Of Depression In Venice Lagoon, Kevin E. Parnall, Tarmo Soomere, Luca Zaggia, Artem Rodin, Giuliano Lorenzetti, John Rapaglia, Gian Marco Scarpaf 2015 James Cook University

Ship-Induced Solitary Riemann Waves Of Depression In Venice Lagoon, Kevin E. Parnall, Tarmo Soomere, Luca Zaggia, Artem Rodin, Giuliano Lorenzetti, John Rapaglia, Gian Marco Scarpaf

Biology Faculty Publications

We demonstrate that ships of moderate size, sailing at low depth Froude numbers (0.37–0.5) in a navigation channel surrounded by shallow banks, produce depressions with depths up to 2.5 m. These depressions (Bernoulli wakes) propagate as long-living strongly nonlinear solitary Riemann waves of depression substantial distances into Venice Lagoon. They gradually become strongly asymmetric with the rear of the depression becoming extremely steep, similar to a bore. As they are dynamically similar, air pressure fluctuations moving over variable-depth coastal areas could generate meteorological tsunamis with a leading depression wave followed by a devastating bore-like feature.


Dynamics Of Marine Bacterial Community Diversity Of The Coastal Waters Of The Reefs, Inlets, And Wastewater Outfalls Of Southeast Florida, Alexandra Mandina Campbell, Jay Fleisher, Christopher D. Sinigalliano, James R. White, Jose V. Lopez 2015 Nova Southeastern University Oceanographic Center

Dynamics Of Marine Bacterial Community Diversity Of The Coastal Waters Of The Reefs, Inlets, And Wastewater Outfalls Of Southeast Florida, Alexandra Mandina Campbell, Jay Fleisher, Christopher D. Sinigalliano, James R. White, Jose V. Lopez

Oceanography Faculty Articles

Coastal waters adjacent to populated southeast Florida possess different habitats (reefs, oceanic inlets, sewage outfalls) that may affect the composition of their inherent microbiomes. To determine variation according to site, season, and depth, over the course of 1 year, we characterized the bacterioplankton communities within 38 nearshore seawater samples derived from the Florida Area Coastal Environment (FACE) water quality survey. Six distinct coastal locales were profiled – the Port Everglades and Hillsboro Inlets, Hollywood and Broward wastewater outfalls, and associated reef sites using culture-independent, high-throughput pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA V4 region. More than 227,000 sequences helped describe longitudinal taxonomic ...


Signed Peer Reviews As A Means To Improve Scholarly Publishing, Linwood H. Pendleton 2015 University of Brest

Signed Peer Reviews As A Means To Improve Scholarly Publishing, Linwood H. Pendleton

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

Peer review is a necessary process with a long history of complaints, including over-solicitation of a small number of reviewers, delays, inadequate numbers of reviewers, and a lack of incentives to provide strong reviews or avoid reviews with little helpful information for the author. In the era of Web-based distribution of research, through working paper or project reports, anonymous peer reviews are much less likely. The Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics will use signed peer reviews and an open communication process among authors, reviewers, and editors. This approach, to be developed over time, should lead to stronger communication of ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress