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Mechanochemical Investigation Of A Glassy Epoxy-Amine Thermoset Subjected To Fatigue, Stephen F. Foster Mr. 2015 The University of Southern Mississippi

Mechanochemical Investigation Of A Glassy Epoxy-Amine Thermoset Subjected To Fatigue, Stephen F. Foster Mr.

Dissertations

Covalent bonds in organic molecules can be produced, altered, and broken through various sources of energy and processes. These include photochemical, thermochemical, chemical, and mechanochemical processes. Polymeric materials derive their physical properties from the time scale of motion, summation of intermolecular forces, and number of chain entanglements and crosslinks. Glassy thermoset polymers experience mechanical fatigue during dynamic stress loading and properties diminish with inevitable material failure at stress levels below the ultimate tensile strength (UTS). Damage modeling has been successful in predicting the number of cycles required to induce failure in a specimen due to stress. However, it does not ...


L-Lactide And Ε-Caprolactone Ring Opening Polymerization By Binary Catalysts Systems That Include Bis-Ligated Magnesium Complexes, Reile M. Slattery, Arnold L. Rheingold, Joseph M. Fritsch 2015 Pepperdine University

L-Lactide And Ε-Caprolactone Ring Opening Polymerization By Binary Catalysts Systems That Include Bis-Ligated Magnesium Complexes, Reile M. Slattery, Arnold L. Rheingold, Joseph M. Fritsch

Undergraduate Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium

A series of bis-ligated magnesium complexes supported by tridentate ketoiminates containing electron-donating and electron-withdrawing groups were prepared. The complexes were characterized with 1H, 13C, and 19F NMR, absorbance spectroscopy, and x-ray crystallography. The complexes were assessed for their ring opening polymerization activity with L-lactide (L-lac) and ϵ-caprolactone (eCL) in binary catalyst systems with 4-fluorophenol at 100 °C. The magnesium complexes supported by ketoiminates bearing electron-donating groups yielded greater percentage conversions from monomers to polymers than those containing electron-withdrawing groups for both L-lac and eCL. The magnesium complexes were more efficient at polymerizing L-lac than eCL, and ...


Magical Science: Chemistry Magic Tricks Just For Fun! (Workshop), Regan L. Silvestri 2015 Lorain County Community College

Magical Science: Chemistry Magic Tricks Just For Fun! (Workshop), Regan L. Silvestri

Cleveland State University Regional Chemistry Teaching Symposium: March 12 & 13, 2015

Chemistry magic tricks are simply chemistry demonstrations cleverly performed, and are highly valuable for engaging and motivating students in the study of chemistry. Our agenda has been to adapt common chemistry demonstrations into presentations with clever twists, essentially turning them into magic tricks. This workshop will show how a science demonstration can be turned into a science magic trick simply by adapting the presentation. Science magic tricks provide a unique forum not only for expanding scientific knowledge, but moreover scientific interest. Our hope is that students will be engaged and motivated in the future study of chemistry.


Addressing The Achievement Gap: Engaging Students In The Chemistry Classroom, Haidy Kamel Dr. 2015 Cuyahoga Community College East Campus

Addressing The Achievement Gap: Engaging Students In The Chemistry Classroom, Haidy Kamel Dr.

Cleveland State University Regional Chemistry Teaching Symposium: March 12 & 13, 2015

No abstract provided.


Green Synthesis, Photocatalytic And Photoelectrochemical Performance Of Au-Graphene Nanocomposite, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, Mohammad Ehtisham Khan, M. H. Cho 2015 Yeungnam University

Green Synthesis, Photocatalytic And Photoelectrochemical Performance Of Au-Graphene Nanocomposite, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, Mohammad Ehtisham Khan, M. H. Cho

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

A simplistic and environment friendly approach using electrochemically active biofilms (EABs) was developed for the synthesis of Au-Graphene (Au-G) nanocomposite without the use of surfactants or capping agents. The as-prepared Au-G nanocomposite was characterized by X-ray diffraction, diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, photoluminescence spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. In this study, the anchoring of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) on graphene sheets was achieved using an EAB. The EAB assists in the bio-reduction of Au3+ to Au0, and the AuNPs prevent the aggregation of graphene sheets and keep them apart because of the decrease in attractive forces between the ...


Sulfidic Spring In The Gypsum Karst System Of Monte Conca (Cl, Italy): Chemistry And Microbiological Evidences, Marianna Messina, Tiziana Grech, Fiorenzo Fiorenza, Alessandro Marlettta, Pietro Valenti, Salvatore Petralia 2015 Centro Speleologico Etneo, Catania, Italy

Sulfidic Spring In The Gypsum Karst System Of Monte Conca (Cl, Italy): Chemistry And Microbiological Evidences, Marianna Messina, Tiziana Grech, Fiorenzo Fiorenza, Alessandro Marlettta, Pietro Valenti, Salvatore Petralia

International Journal of Speleology

Monte Conca Cave is a karst system placed in Messinian evaporites, consisting of an active cave and a resurgence located on the massif of Monte Conca, Campofranco within the "Riserva Naturale Integrale di Monte Conca". A sulfidic spring is located in the terminal gallery of the cave. To characterize the physical and chemical parameters of the Monte Conca cave and of the sulfidic spring, air temperature, relative humidity, water pH, and concentrations of dissolved sulfides, nitrates and sulfates were monitored. The high sulfide consumption rate in the sulfidic spring, evaluated by a kinetic study, suggests that biotic consumption is dominant ...


Chemical And Biological Characterization Of Plant Volatiles And Pyrolysis Bio-Oils, Luis A. Caceres 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Chemical And Biological Characterization Of Plant Volatiles And Pyrolysis Bio-Oils, Luis A. Caceres

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A dynamic headspace method was developed for the non-targeted analysis of volatile organic compounds (VOC) in Arabidopsis and Micro-Tom plants. The method allowed to determine differences from wild type (WT) and transformed plants overexpressing the carotene cleavage dioxygenase 1 (CCD1) genes. In the Arabidopsis study it was revealed the presence of unsaturated hydrocarbons, aromatic derivatives, alcohols, and terpenes. Among extracted volatiles, the apocarotenoid compound β-ionone was also detected, four-fold higher in the transgenic plants than the WT. There were not significant differences in the VOCs between the HS of Micro-Tom tomato plants overexpressing the CCD1 genes and WT. The compounds ...


Analysis Of The Surface Density And Reactivity Of Perfluorophenylazide And The Impact On Ligand Immobilization, Gilad Zorn, David G. Castner, Anuradha Tyagi, Xin Wang, Hui Wang, Mingdi Yan 2015 University of Washington

Analysis Of The Surface Density And Reactivity Of Perfluorophenylazide And The Impact On Ligand Immobilization, Gilad Zorn, David G. Castner, Anuradha Tyagi, Xin Wang, Hui Wang, Mingdi Yan

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

Perfluorophenylazide (PFPA) chemistry is a novel method for tailoring the surface properties of solid surfaces and nanoparticles. It is general and versatile, and has proven to be an efficient way to immobilize graphene, proteins, carbohydrates, and synthetic polymers. The main thrust of this work is to provide a detailed investigation on the chemical composition and surface density of the PFPA tailored surface. Specifically, gold surfaces were treated with PFPA-derivatized (11-mercaptoundecyl) tetra(ethylene glycol) (PFPA-MUTEG) mixed with 2-[2-(2-mercaptoethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (MDEG) at varying solution mole ratios. Complementary analytical techniques were employed to characterize the resulting films including Fourier transform ...


Working With High School Students, The Pros And Cons", Luciana Aronne 2015 Penn State Erie - The Behrend College

Working With High School Students, The Pros And Cons", Luciana Aronne

Cleveland State University Regional Chemistry Teaching Symposium: March 12 & 13, 2015

No abstract provided.


Csu 4th Annual Regional Chemistry Symposium: March 12 & 13, 2015, Zhihai Li Dr. 2015 Ball State University

Csu 4th Annual Regional Chemistry Symposium: March 12 & 13, 2015, Zhihai Li Dr.

Cleveland State University Regional Chemistry Teaching Symposium: March 12 & 13, 2015

CSU 4th Annual Regional Chemistry Symposium: March 12 & 13, 2015

Register here for the 4th Annual Regional Chemistry Symposium March 12 & 13, 2015 Fee: $100 for two days $50 for one day Limited Time special registration fee! The registration fee for the two-day symposium is $100 and includes breakfast, lunch, an outstanding wine and cheese social hour, and discount rates on lodging. A schedule of events will also include a list of Cleveland's best sights, sounds and tastes.

To pay with credit card, visit CSU's ShopNet page at https://campusnet.csuohio.edu/ShopNet/index.jsp

You may also ...


The Stoichiometry Of Metal Assisted Etching (Mae) Of Si In V2o5 + Hf And Hooh + Hf Solutions, Kurt W. Kolasinski, William B. Barclay, Yu Sun, Mark Aindow 2015 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

The Stoichiometry Of Metal Assisted Etching (Mae) Of Si In V2o5 + Hf And Hooh + Hf Solutions, Kurt W. Kolasinski, William B. Barclay, Yu Sun, Mark Aindow

Chemistry

No abstract provided.


Homologous Recombination, Regulation, And Breast Cancer Emergence, Elliot Corless 2015 Utah State University

Homologous Recombination, Regulation, And Breast Cancer Emergence, Elliot Corless

Research on Capitol Hill

No abstract provided.


Visible Light-Induced Enhanced Photoelectrochemical And Photocatalytic Studies Of Gold Decorated Sno2 Nanostructures, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, S. A. Ansari, M. E. Khan, M. O. Ansari, B. K. Min, M. H. Cho 2015 Yeungnam University

Visible Light-Induced Enhanced Photoelectrochemical And Photocatalytic Studies Of Gold Decorated Sno2 Nanostructures, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, S. A. Ansari, M. E. Khan, M. O. Ansari, B. K. Min, M. H. Cho

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

This paper reports a novel one-pot biogenic synthesis of Au–SnO2 nanocomposite using electrochemically active biofilm. The synthesis, morphology and structure of the as-synthesized Au–SnO2 nanocomposite were in-depth studied and confirmed by UV-vis spectroscopy, photoluminescence spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. It was observed that the SnO2 surface was decorated homogeneously with Au nanoparticles. The photoelectrochemical behavior of the Au–SnO2 nanocomposite was examined by cyclic voltammetry, differential pulse voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and linear sweep voltammetry in the dark and under visible light irradiation. Visible light-induced photoelectrochemical studies confirmed that the Au–SnO2 nanocomposite ...


The Influence Of Long-Term Gamma-Radiation And Initially Dissolved Chemicals On Aqueous Kinetics And Interfacial Processes, Pamela A. Yakabuskie 2015 The University of Western Ontario

The Influence Of Long-Term Gamma-Radiation And Initially Dissolved Chemicals On Aqueous Kinetics And Interfacial Processes, Pamela A. Yakabuskie

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis presents work focusing on the long-term effect of gamma-radiation on aqueous solution kinetics. Ionizing radiation drives the decomposition of water to form both oxidizing (•OH, O2, H2O2) and reducing (•eaq, •O2, •H, H2) chemical species. Over time, these radiolysis products can react with dissolved solutes and participate in interfacial reactions. This can lead to significant changes in the eventual solution redox condition, and gas phase composition, and in certain cases result in the formation of solid species. Understanding the long-term solution kinetics for radiolysis systems is particularly important for the improvement ...


Tetrel, Chalcogen, And Ch⋅⋅O Hydrogen Bonds In Complexes Pairing Carbonyl-Containing Molecules With 1, 2, And 3 Molecules Of Co2, L. M. Azofra, Steve Scheiner 2015 Utah State University

Tetrel, Chalcogen, And Ch⋅⋅O Hydrogen Bonds In Complexes Pairing Carbonyl-Containing Molecules With 1, 2, And 3 Molecules Of Co2, L. M. Azofra, Steve Scheiner

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

The complexes formed by H2CO, CH3CHO, and (CH3)2CO with 1, 2, and 3 molecules of CO2 are studied by ab initio calculations. Three different types of heterodimers are observed, most containing a tetrel bond to the C atom of CO2, and some supplemented by a CH⋅⋅O H-bond. One type of heterodimer is stabilized by an anti-parallel arrangement of the C=O bonds of the two molecules. The binding energies are enhanced by methyl substitution on the carbonyl, and vary between 2.4 and 3.5 kcal/mol. Natural bond orbital analysis identifies a prime source of interaction as ...


Gamma-Radiation Induced Redox Reactions And Colloidal Formation Of Chromium And Cobalt Oxide Nanoparticles, Leena M. Alrehaily 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Gamma-Radiation Induced Redox Reactions And Colloidal Formation Of Chromium And Cobalt Oxide Nanoparticles, Leena M. Alrehaily

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The main goal of this thesis research is to develop a mechanistic understanding of radiation-induced chromium oxide and cobalt oxide nanoparticle formation in aqueous solutions containing initially dissolved metal ions. When exposed to ionizing radiation, water decomposes to form a range of chemically reactive radical and molecular products. This redox agents can readily change the oxidation state of dissolved metal ions. The solubility of a transition metal ion can vary by several orders of magnitude depending on its oxidation state and the solution pH. Thus, reactions that can alter the oxidation state of a dissolved ion can lead to the ...


A Comparative Study Of The Oxidation Characteristics Of Two Gasoline Fuels And An N-Heptane/Iso-Octane Surrogate Mixture, Tamour Javed, Ehson F. Nasir, Et-touhami Es-sebbar, Aamir Farooq 2015 KAUST

A Comparative Study Of The Oxidation Characteristics Of Two Gasoline Fuels And An N-Heptane/Iso-Octane Surrogate Mixture, Tamour Javed, Ehson F. Nasir, Et-Touhami Es-Sebbar, Aamir Farooq

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

Ignition delay times and CO, H2O, OH and CO2 time-histories were measured behind reflected shock waves for two FACE (Fuels for Advanced Combustion Engines) gasolines and one PRF (Primary Reference Fuel) blend. The FACE gasolines chosen for this work are primarily paraffinic and have the same octane rating (∼RON = 84) as the PRF blend, but contain varying amounts of iso- and n-paraffins. Species time-histories and ignition delay times were measured using laser absorption methods over a temperature range of 1350–1550 K and pressures near 2 atm. Measured species time-histories and ignition delay times of the PRF blend and the ...


Application Of Colloidal Gas Aphron Suspensions Produced From Sapindus Mukorossi For Arsenic Removal From Contaminated Soil, Soumyadeep Mukhopadhyay Dr, Sumona Mukherjee Ms, Mohd Ali Hashim Dr, Bhaskar Sen Gupta Dr 2015 University of Malaya

Application Of Colloidal Gas Aphron Suspensions Produced From Sapindus Mukorossi For Arsenic Removal From Contaminated Soil, Soumyadeep Mukhopadhyay Dr, Sumona Mukherjee Ms, Mohd Ali Hashim Dr, Bhaskar Sen Gupta Dr

Soumyadeep Mukhopadhyay Dr

Colloidal gas aphron dispersions (CGAs) can be described as a system of microbubbles suspended homogenously in a liquid matrix. This work examines the performance of CGAs in comparison to surfactant solutions for washing low levels of arsenic from an iron rich soil. Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate (SDS) and saponin, a biodegradable surfactant, obtained from Sapindus mukorossi or soapnut fruit were used for generating CGAs and solutions for soil washing. Column washing experiments were performed in down-flow and up flow modes at a soil pH of 5 and 6 using varying concentration of SDS and soapnut solutions as well as CGAs. Soapnut ...


Targeted Cancer Therapy Systems: An In Silico Study Of Radiohalogenated Ligands In The Estrogen Receptor And The Synthesis Of A Molecular Toolkit For The Fabrication Of Customizable Nanoparticles, Kelton Kerry Barnsley 2015 Northeastern University

Targeted Cancer Therapy Systems: An In Silico Study Of Radiohalogenated Ligands In The Estrogen Receptor And The Synthesis Of A Molecular Toolkit For The Fabrication Of Customizable Nanoparticles, Kelton Kerry Barnsley

Chemistry Master's Theses

Chemotherapy is often limited by off-target toxicity and the development of multi-drug resistance in response to treatment. Strategies which reduce off-target toxicity by passively or actively targeting cancer cells may improve the efficacy of chemotherapy. Herein, two projects relating to targeted therapy are described. In the first project, the binding modes of 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-phenylethylenes (THPEs), a class of synthetic estrogens previously developed by our group, in the human estrogen receptor alpha-ligand binding domain were studied using molecular modeling programs YASARA AutoDock and Schrodinger Glide. The results were internally consistent and supported the observation that a bromine or iodine ...


Development Of Methods For The Analysis Of Protein Post-Translational Modifications: Isoaspartic Acid And Protein Crosslinking, Min Liu 2015 Northeastern University

Development Of Methods For The Analysis Of Protein Post-Translational Modifications: Isoaspartic Acid And Protein Crosslinking, Min Liu

Chemistry Dissertations

Analysis of protein posttranslational modifications (PTMs) plays pivotal roles for the understanding of their biological importance. Isoaspartic acid (isoAsp) as the smallest PTM is observed in vivo and in vitro. No mass difference and subtle difference in physiochemical property between isoAsp and Asp pose a great challenging for sensitive detection and ambiguous location of isoAsp site in complex samples. A novel assay of isoAsp by exploiting methylation specificity of protein isoaspartate methyltransferase (PIMT) at isoAsp and subsequent 18O-incorporation during methyl ester hydrolysis is presented for sensitive detection and unambiguous site location of several isoAsp residues in IgG1 (Anal Chem ...


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