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Ryan Caylor, Ryan Caylor 2016 Concordia University - Portland

Ryan Caylor, Ryan Caylor

Matthew E. Wise

Ryan is a senior majoring in chemistry at Concordia University. He plans on graduating in the spring of 2017. After graduation Ryan plans on attending graduate school in the field of meteorology with an interest in becoming a weather man. Ryan is returning to the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in the summer of 2015 to study the chemical composition of secondary organic aerosol particles. He is also a pitcher on the Concordia University baseball team.


Diazonium 4-(Trifluorovinyloxy) Perfluorobutanesulfonyl Benzenesulfonimide Zwitterionic Monomer Synthesis, Isaac D. Addo 2016 East Tennessee State University

Diazonium 4-(Trifluorovinyloxy) Perfluorobutanesulfonyl Benzenesulfonimide Zwitterionic Monomer Synthesis, Isaac D. Addo

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

3-Diazonium- 4-(trifluorovinyloxy) - perfluorobutanesulfonyl benzenesulfonimide zwitterionic monomer (see figure 1) is proposed to be polymerized and further act as a new electrolyte for Polymer exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). One reason is that, the aromatic trifluorovinyl aryl ether (TFVE) group can easily be homopolymerized to aromatic perfluorocyclobutane (PFCB) polymer. Furthermore, the diazonium moiety in the monomer is expected to covalently attach the electrolyte to the carbon electrodes support. The perfluoroalkyl(aryl) sulfonimide (PFSI) pendant provides good chemical and mechanical stability as well as better proton conductivity. Several multi-step synthetic schemes are designed to obtain such monomer from perfluoroalkyl(aryl) sulfonimide ...


Chemotherapeutic Drug Design: An Efficient Synthesis Of 4-Substituted Alpha-Methylene-Gamma-Lactones, Mark F. Mechelke, Katy Platt, Connor Pribula 2016 St. Cloud State University

Chemotherapeutic Drug Design: An Efficient Synthesis Of 4-Substituted Alpha-Methylene-Gamma-Lactones, Mark F. Mechelke, Katy Platt, Connor Pribula

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Sesquiterpene lactones are plant-derived compounds that have been shown to possess significant activity against inflammation and cancer. Comparative studies of sesquiterpene lactone structure and tumor cytotoxicity indicate that the presence of an α-methylene-γ-lactone moiety is necessary for bioactivity. This observation has led to the hypothesis that simple compounds containing this pharmacophore may also exhibit similar anti-cancer properties. To test this theory, an efficient synthesis of 4-substituted α-methylene-γ-lactone has been developed. The model compound in this study, α-methylene-γ-dodecalactone, has been prepared from commercially available 1-decene in six steps. The synthesis features a nucleophilic epoxide ring-opening reaction followed by an intramolecular cyclization ...


Chemotherapeutic Agents From Natural Product Templates: The Design And Synthesis Of Novel Indanone Analogues, Mark F. Mechelke, Sarah Hopfner, Natalie McIntire, Nathanial Cherry 2016 St. Cloud State University

Chemotherapeutic Agents From Natural Product Templates: The Design And Synthesis Of Novel Indanone Analogues, Mark F. Mechelke, Sarah Hopfner, Natalie Mcintire, Nathanial Cherry

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Coumarin is a natural product found in many plants. Recently, simple coumarin analogues containing an α-methylene functional group have been synthesized and shown to exhibit cytotoxicity against cancer cell lines. The α,β-unsaturated carbonyl found in these analogues is thought to be responsible for their bioactivity. Other natural products containing this functional group have been shown to react with intracellular thiols causing tumor growth suppression. Using these analogues as a template, two new compounds have been designed that feature a novel α-methylene indanone structural framework. Since ketones are better electrophiles that esters, it is hypothesized that these analogues will react ...


Photodynamic Killing Of Human Cancer Cells With Smart Photosensitizer Materials And An Endoscopic Implement For Singlet Oxygen Delivery, Mihaela N. Minnis 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Photodynamic Killing Of Human Cancer Cells With Smart Photosensitizer Materials And An Endoscopic Implement For Singlet Oxygen Delivery, Mihaela N. Minnis

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The thesis describes progress on probe tips for a microoptic device for the precise delivery of the components necessary for photodynamic therapy (PDT) in a highly localized and controllable fashion. The thesis also summarizes results of a photosensitized oxidation study. The work focused on i) developing a photoactive fluoropolymer surface that will release sensitizer drug molecule for use in PDT, ii) designing new probe tips surfaces for use as sensitizer support for a microoptic PDT device, iii) exploring strategies for covalent attachment of sensitizers and model compounds to Teflon/PVA surfaces with the aim of being coupled with our microoptic ...


Probing The Structure And Photophysics Of Porphyrinoid Systems For Functional Materials, Christopher D. Farley 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Probing The Structure And Photophysics Of Porphyrinoid Systems For Functional Materials, Christopher D. Farley

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Porphyrins (Pors) and their many cousins, including phthalocyanines (Pcs), corroles (Cors), subphthalocyanines (SubPcs), porphyrazines (Pzs), and naphthalocyanines (NPcs), play amazingly diverse roles in biological and non-biological systems because of their unique and tunable physical and chemical properties. These compounds, collectively known as porphyrinoids, can be employed in any number of functional devices that have the potential to address the challenges of modern society. Their incorporation into such devices, however, depends on many structural factors that must be well understood and carefully controlled in order to achieve the desired behavior. Self-assembly and self-organization are key processes for developing these new technologies ...


Revisiting The Fenceplot For The Maxwell Construction Of A Van Der Waals Fluid, Carl W. David 2016 University of Connecticut

Revisiting The Fenceplot For The Maxwell Construction Of A Van Der Waals Fluid, Carl W. David

Chemistry Education Materials

An earlier published plot intended to better explain the Maxwell construction of the vapor pressure construct for van der Waals fluids is improved using Inkscape.


Koh Etching Of (100) Si Wafer, No 2, Inayat Bajwa 2016 Quattrone Nanofabrication Facility

Koh Etching Of (100) Si Wafer, No 2, Inayat Bajwa

Protocols and Reports

This report describes KOH etching of (100) Si wafer through a hard mask of silicon oxide, and reveals that the scattered etch rate is ascribed to the etch rates of the different crystal planes exposed during the etching.


Nmr Analysis Of T‐Butyl‐Catalyzed Deuterium Exchange At Unactivated Arene Localities, Douglas E. Stack, Rachel Eastman 2016 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Nmr Analysis Of T‐Butyl‐Catalyzed Deuterium Exchange At Unactivated Arene Localities, Douglas E. Stack, Rachel Eastman

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Regioselective labelling of arene rings via electrophilic exchange is often dictated by the electronic environment caused by substituents present on the aromatic system. Previously, we observed the presence of a t‐butyl group, either covalently bond or added as an external reagent, could impart deuterium exchange to the unactivated, C1‐position of estrone. Here, we provide nuclear magnetic resonance analysis of this exchange in a solvent system composed of 50:50 trifluoroacetic acid and D2O with either 2‐t‐butylestrone or estrone in the presence of t‐butyl alcohol has shed insights into the mechanism of this t‐butyl‐catalyzed ...


Gc Verification Of The Spacecraft Atmosphere Monitor, Jessica S. Castro, Richard D. Kidd, Jeffrey D. Hein 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Gc Verification Of The Spacecraft Atmosphere Monitor, Jessica S. Castro, Richard D. Kidd, Jeffrey D. Hein

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Program Posters

International Space Station crew members face the unique challenge of maintaining air quality due to the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that have the potential to accumulate at unsafe levels. The Spacecraft Atmosphere Monitor (SAM) is a miniature gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer (GCMS) designed to measure major constituents (such as N2, O2 and CO2) and trace VOCs within the cabin of the spacecraft. The gas chromatograph is responsible for separating the sample into its components in order to be characterized. The oven of the gas chromatograph must reach a temperature of 150°C in order to heat constituents ...


A Study Of Chemistry: For Wind Ensemble, Morgan Duff 2016 Western Kentucky University

A Study Of Chemistry: For Wind Ensemble, Morgan Duff

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Many musicians have a limited understanding of chemistry, while many chemists aren't familiar with details of music theory or composition. Through the composition of a four-part musical work based entirely on several broad areas of chemistry, certain relationships have been shown between music and chemistry. Because of the overlap between certain scientific concepts and many aspects of music theory, it is possible for members of both fields to use what they already know in order to gain a deeper understanding of the other, very different, subject. Because everyone has learning strengths in differing areas, I believe the use of ...


Alamethicin In Lipid Bilayers: Combined Use Of X-Ray Scattering And Md Simulations, Jianjun Pan, D. Peter Tieleman, John F. Nagle, Norbert Kučerka, Prof. Stephanie Tristram-Nagle Ph.D. 2016 Carnegie Mellon University

Alamethicin In Lipid Bilayers: Combined Use Of X-Ray Scattering And Md Simulations, Jianjun Pan, D. Peter Tieleman, John F. Nagle, Norbert Kučerka, Prof. Stephanie Tristram-Nagle Ph.D.

John Copeland Nagle

We study fully hydrated bilayers of two di-monounsaturated phospholipids diC18:1PC (DOPC) and diC22:1PC with varying amounts of alamethicin (Alm). We combine the use of X-ray diffuse scattering and molecular dynamics simulations to determine the orientation of alamethicin in model lipids. Comparison of the experimental and simulated form factors shows that Alm helices are inserted transmembrane at high humidity and high concentrations, in agreement with earlier results. The X-ray scattering data and the MD simulations agree that membrane thickness changes very little up to 1/10 Alm/ DOPC. In contrast, the X-ray data indicate that the thicker diC22:1PC ...


Photo-Isomerizable Self-Complementary Hydrogen Bond Arrays, Iamnica Janic Linares Mendez 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Photo-Isomerizable Self-Complementary Hydrogen Bond Arrays, Iamnica Janic Linares Mendez

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis exploits the use of a photochromic system in a self-complementary hydrogen bond array; i.e. the azo group, -N=N. The novelty of the approach described in this thesis resides in the double function of the azo group within the array: as a hydrogen bond acceptor site and as an element that promotes a structural change capable of disrupting the complexation equilibrium when irradiated with light.

The photo-isomerizable self-complementary hydrogen bond arrays presented are obtained by a general and practical synthetic method from inexpensive starting materials. Their self-complementary recognition was corroborated by 1H NMR dilution experiments and ...


Sustainability: Energy & Global Chemistry, Kurt W. Kolasinski 2016 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Sustainability: Energy & Global Chemistry, Kurt W. Kolasinski

Kurt W. Kolasinski

No abstract provided.


Making Bread From Air: The World's Most Important Chemical Synthesis, Kurt W. Kolasinski 2016 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Making Bread From Air: The World's Most Important Chemical Synthesis, Kurt W. Kolasinski

Kurt W. Kolasinski

No abstract provided.


Porous Layers Composed Of Oxide Crystallites Formed By The Combination Of Laser Ablation And Anodization Of Metal, Abbie S. Ganas, Dmitry A. Znamensky, Nahúm Méndez Alba, José Luis Hernández-Pozos, Kurt W. Kolasinski 2016 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Porous Layers Composed Of Oxide Crystallites Formed By The Combination Of Laser Ablation And Anodization Of Metal, Abbie S. Ganas, Dmitry A. Znamensky, Nahúm Méndez Alba, José Luis Hernández-Pozos, Kurt W. Kolasinski

Kurt W. Kolasinski

No abstract provided.


Isotopic Abundance Ratio Analysis Of Biofield Energy Treated Indole Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Alice Branton, Gopal Nayak 2016 Selected Works

Isotopic Abundance Ratio Analysis Of Biofield Energy Treated Indole Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi, Alice Branton, Gopal Nayak

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

The objective of the current experiment was to evaluate the effect of biofield energy treatment on the isotopic abundance ratio of PM+1/PM (2H/1H or 13C/12C or 15N/14N) in indole using the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The sample of organic compound indole was divided into two parts - one part was designated as a control sample (untreated), and another part was considered as biofield energy treated sample, which was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment (The Trivedi Effect®). The biofield energy treated indole sample was analyzed at different time intervals and were symbolized as T1 ...


Laser Writing Of Semiconductor Nanoparticles And Quantum Dots, Massimo F. Bertino, Raghuveer Reddy Gadipalli, J. Greg Story, C. G. Williams, Guo-Hui Zhang, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Akira Tokuhiro, Suchi Guha, Nicholas Leventis 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Laser Writing Of Semiconductor Nanoparticles And Quantum Dots, Massimo F. Bertino, Raghuveer Reddy Gadipalli, J. Greg Story, C. G. Williams, Guo-Hui Zhang, Lia Sotiriou-Leventis, Akira Tokuhiro, Suchi Guha, Nicholas Leventis

J. Story

Silica aerogels were patterned with CdS using a photolithographic technique based on local heating with infrared (IR) light. The solvent of silica hydrogels was exchanged with an aqueous solution of the precursors CdNO3 and NH4 OH, all precooled to a temperature of 5°C. Half of the bathing solution was then replaced by a thiourea solution. After thiourea diffused into the hydrogels, the samples were exposed to a focused IR beam from a continuous wave, Nd-YAG laser. The precursors reacted in the spots heated by the IR beam to form CdS nanoparticles. We lithographed features with a diameter ...


Nanometal Containing Nanocomposites And Photolithographic Polyaniline Nanofibers, Frank D. Blum, Sunil K. Pillalamarri, Lalani K. Werake, J. Greg Story, Massimo F. Bertino, Akira Tokuhiro 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Nanometal Containing Nanocomposites And Photolithographic Polyaniline Nanofibers, Frank D. Blum, Sunil K. Pillalamarri, Lalani K. Werake, J. Greg Story, Massimo F. Bertino, Akira Tokuhiro

J. Story

There is considerable interest in the use of nanofibers and nanoparticles in electronic devices. These materials have potential application in sensors, actuators, and memory, to name just a few.i,ii the size of the materials used may improve sensitivity because of their high specific surface areas. The nanoparticles may also have properties that are inherently different from their bulk counterparts. The use of synthetic polymers may result in considerable mass savings over conventional metal-based systems. It is clear that these systems have many potential advantages, however, there is still a great deal to be learned about how to make ...


Preferential Silicon Site Occupation In Y₂Fe₁₄₋ₓSiₓB, G. K. Marasinghe, Oran Allan Pringle, Gary J. Long, Fernande Grandjean, William B. Yelon 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Preferential Silicon Site Occupation In Y₂Fe₁₄₋ₓSiₓB, G. K. Marasinghe, Oran Allan Pringle, Gary J. Long, Fernande Grandjean, William B. Yelon

Oran Pringle

No abstract provided.


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