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Monitoring Transverse Relaxation Times Of Kerosene-Adulterated Diesel Using Low-Field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Tristen Rumbaugh 2019 Harrisburg University of Science and Technology

Monitoring Transverse Relaxation Times Of Kerosene-Adulterated Diesel Using Low-Field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Tristen Rumbaugh

Experiential Learning Projects

Time-domain nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (TD-NMR) and low-field nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (LF-NMR) are different techniques that vary in the range of magnetic field strengths that they use, which is a determining factor for the type of analysis that can be done. In this study, LF-NMR was used to perform a time-domain analysis of petroleum products, diesel and kerosene. This is a type of analysis which is typically performed using TD-NMR. Diesel and kerosene are two petroleum products that have different characteristics such as viscosity, boiling point, and hydrocarbon length. Diluting, or adulterating, diesel fuels with kerosene is a common ...


Development Of An Innovative And Sustainable One-Step Method For Rapid Plant Dna Isolation For Targeted Pcr Using Magnetic Ionic Liquids, Arianna Marengo, Cecilia Cagliero, Barbara Sgorbini, Jared L. Anderson, Miranda N. Emaus, Carlo Bicchi, Cinzia M. Bertea, Patrizia Rubiolo 2019 Università di Torino

Development Of An Innovative And Sustainable One-Step Method For Rapid Plant Dna Isolation For Targeted Pcr Using Magnetic Ionic Liquids, Arianna Marengo, Cecilia Cagliero, Barbara Sgorbini, Jared L. Anderson, Miranda N. Emaus, Carlo Bicchi, Cinzia M. Bertea, Patrizia Rubiolo

Jared L. Anderson

Background

Nowadays, there is an increasing demand for fast and reliable plant biomolecular analyses. Conventional methods for the isolation of nucleic acids are time-consuming and require multiple and often non-automatable steps to remove cellular interferences, with consequence that sample preparation is the major bottleneck in the bioanalytical workflow. New opportunities have been created by the use of magnetic ionic liquids (MILs) thanks to their affinity for nucleic acids.

Results

In the present study, a MIL-based magnet-assisted dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction (maDLLME) method was optimized for the extraction of genomic DNA from Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh leaves. MILs containing different metal ...


Energetics Of Cu Adsorption And Intercalation At Graphite Step Edges, Yong Han, Ann Lii-Rosales, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Energetics Of Cu Adsorption And Intercalation At Graphite Step Edges, Yong Han, Ann Lii-Rosales, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

To assess the energetics of Cu intercalation on defective graphite, the chemical potentials and binding energies for Cu at graphite step edges are calculated for three main configurations: an isolated atom, a chain, and an atom attached to a chain. As expected, for Cu interacting directly with a graphite step edge, the strength of interaction depends on the stability of the step, with Cu binding more strongly at a less-stable step. However, the relationship is reversed when considering binding of a Cu atom attached to a chain. Taken together, these trends mean that if the graphite step is less stable ...


Energetics Of Cu Adsorption And Intercalation At Graphite Step Edges, Yong Han, Ann Lii-Rosales, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Energetics Of Cu Adsorption And Intercalation At Graphite Step Edges, Yong Han, Ann Lii-Rosales, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel

James W. Evans

To assess the energetics of Cu intercalation on defective graphite, the chemical potentials and binding energies for Cu at graphite step edges are calculated for three main configurations: an isolated atom, a chain, and an atom attached to a chain. As expected, for Cu interacting directly with a graphite step edge, the strength of interaction depends on the stability of the step, with Cu binding more strongly at a less-stable step. However, the relationship is reversed when considering binding of a Cu atom attached to a chain. Taken together, these trends mean that if the graphite step is less stable ...


Squeezed Nanocrystals: Equilibrium Configuration Of Metal Clusters Embedded Beneath The Surface Of A Layered Material, Scott E. Julien, Ann Lii-Rosales, Kai-tak Wan, Yong Han, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel 2019 Northeastern University

Squeezed Nanocrystals: Equilibrium Configuration Of Metal Clusters Embedded Beneath The Surface Of A Layered Material, Scott E. Julien, Ann Lii-Rosales, Kai-Tak Wan, Yong Han, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel

Patricia A. Thiel

Shapes of functional metallic nanocrystals, typically synthesized either free in solution or supported on surfaces, are key for controlling properties. Here, we consider a novel new class of metallic nanocrystals, copper islands embedded near the surface of graphite, which can be considered a model system for metals embedded beneath surfaces of layered materials, or beneath supported membranes. We develop a continuum elasticity (CE) model for the equilibrium shape of these islands, and compare its predictions with experimental data. The CE model incorporates appropriate surface energy, adhesion energies, and strain energy. The agreement between the CE model and the data is ...


Energetics Of Cu Adsorption And Intercalation At Graphite Step Edges, Yong Han, Ann Lii-Rosales, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Energetics Of Cu Adsorption And Intercalation At Graphite Step Edges, Yong Han, Ann Lii-Rosales, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel

Patricia A. Thiel

To assess the energetics of Cu intercalation on defective graphite, the chemical potentials and binding energies for Cu at graphite step edges are calculated for three main configurations: an isolated atom, a chain, and an atom attached to a chain. As expected, for Cu interacting directly with a graphite step edge, the strength of interaction depends on the stability of the step, with Cu binding more strongly at a less-stable step. However, the relationship is reversed when considering binding of a Cu atom attached to a chain. Taken together, these trends mean that if the graphite step is less stable ...


Optimization Of Remazol Brilliant Blue R Adsorption Onto Xanthium Italicum Using The Response Surface Method, Mohammed SALEH, MUTLU YALVAÇ, Hüdaverdi Arslan 2019 Mersin University

Optimization Of Remazol Brilliant Blue R Adsorption Onto Xanthium Italicum Using The Response Surface Method, Mohammed Saleh, Mutlu Yalvaç, Hüdaverdi Arslan

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

In this study, the adsorption capacity of toxic and recalcitrant organic pollutant(s) Remazol Brilliant Blue R (RBBR) onto the invader Xanthium İtalicum (XI) plant was assessed using the Response Surface Method (RSM). The adsorp-tion behavior of RBBR was determined by the spectrophotometric method, FTIR and SEM analysis were used to characterize XI, Brunauer, the Emmett and Teller (BET) analysis was accomplished to find the surface area of the ad-sorbent. The experiment procedures were planned by the Central Composite Design (CCD) whereby a model was built to examine the effects of the different parameters and the possible interaction between them ...


Wet Lay-Up Technique For Manufacturing Of Advanced Laminated Composites, Abdel-Hamid Mourad, Nizar Zaaroura, Nizamudeen Cherupurakal 2019 United Arab Emirates University

Wet Lay-Up Technique For Manufacturing Of Advanced Laminated Composites, Abdel-Hamid Mourad, Nizar Zaaroura, Nizamudeen Cherupurakal

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Incorporation of nanofillers into laminated composites is expected to produce a material with improved performance for many potential industrial applications. The focus of this work is to produce advanced composites by simple wet lay-up technique. The impact of adding three different nanofillers (multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT), silicon carbide (SiC) and aluminum oxide (Al2O3),) on the thermal and mechanical stability of woven Kevlar KM2Plus/epoxy composites was investigated. Silicon carbide and aluminum oxide were added at different weight percentages up to 3wt%, whereas the addition of multi-wall carbon nanotubes was limited to 1wt%. The mechanical behavior was evaluated through three-point bending ...


Editorial Board, 2019 Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Editorial Board

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

No abstract provided.


Quantitative Capabilities Of Stxm To Measure Spatially Resolved Organic Volume Fractions Of Mixed Organic ∕ Inorganic Particles, Matthew Fraund, Tim Park, Daniel Bonanno, Don Q. Pham, Ryan C. Moffet 2019 University of the Pacific

Quantitative Capabilities Of Stxm To Measure Spatially Resolved Organic Volume Fractions Of Mixed Organic ∕ Inorganic Particles, Matthew Fraund, Tim Park, Daniel Bonanno, Don Q. Pham, Ryan C. Moffet

Department of Chemistry Student Articles

Scanning transmission X-ray microscopy coupled with near-edge X-ray absorption and fine structure (STXM-NEXAFS) spectroscopy can be used to characterize the morphology and composition of aerosol particles. Here, two inorganic ∕ organic systems are used to validate the calculation of organic volume fraction (OVF) and determine the level of associated error by using carbon K-edge STXM data at 278, 285.4, 288.6, and 320 eV. Using the mixture of sodium chloride and sucrose as one system and ammonium sulfate and sucrose as another, three solutions were made with 10:1, 1:1, and 1:10 mass ratios (inorganic to organic). The ...


Development Of An Innovative And Sustainable One-Step Method For Rapid Plant Dna Isolation For Targeted Pcr Using Magnetic Ionic Liquids, Arianna Marengo, Cecilia Cagliero, Barbara Sgorbini, Jared L. Anderson, Miranda N. Emaus, Carlo Bicchi, Cinzia M. Bertea, Patrizia Rubiolo 2019 Università di Torino

Development Of An Innovative And Sustainable One-Step Method For Rapid Plant Dna Isolation For Targeted Pcr Using Magnetic Ionic Liquids, Arianna Marengo, Cecilia Cagliero, Barbara Sgorbini, Jared L. Anderson, Miranda N. Emaus, Carlo Bicchi, Cinzia M. Bertea, Patrizia Rubiolo

Chemistry Publications

Background

Nowadays, there is an increasing demand for fast and reliable plant biomolecular analyses. Conventional methods for the isolation of nucleic acids are time-consuming and require multiple and often non-automatable steps to remove cellular interferences, with consequence that sample preparation is the major bottleneck in the bioanalytical workflow. New opportunities have been created by the use of magnetic ionic liquids (MILs) thanks to their affinity for nucleic acids.

Results

In the present study, a MIL-based magnet-assisted dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction (maDLLME) method was optimized for the extraction of genomic DNA from Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh leaves. MILs containing different metal ...


Scale Up Isolation Of Aaptamine For In Vivo Evaluation Indicates Its Neurobiological Activity Is Linked To The Delta Opioid Receptor, Nicole L. McIntosh, Eptisam Lambo, Laura Millan-Lobo, Fei Li, Li He, Phillip Crews, Jennifer L. Whistler, Tyler Johnson 2019 Dominican University of California

Scale Up Isolation Of Aaptamine For In Vivo Evaluation Indicates Its Neurobiological Activity Is Linked To The Delta Opioid Receptor, Nicole L. Mcintosh, Eptisam Lambo, Laura Millan-Lobo, Fei Li, Li He, Phillip Crews, Jennifer L. Whistler, Tyler Johnson

Tyler Johnson

Opioid receptors belong to the large superfamily of seven transmembrane-spanning (7TM) G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). As a class, GPCRs are of fundamental physiological importance mediating the actions of the majority of known neurotransmitters and hormones. The Mu, Delta, and Kappa (MOP, DOP, KOP) opioid receptors are particularly intriguing members of this receptor family as they are the targets involved in many neurobiological diseases such as addiction, pain, stress, anxiety, and depression. Recently we discovered that the aaptamine class of marine sponge derived natural products exhibit selective agonist activity in vitro for the DOP versus MOP receptor. Our findings may explain ...


Synthesis, Molecular Structure, And 1h Nmr Analysis Of Bis(Tetraphenylcyclopentadienyl)Ruthenium(Ii), Michael P. Castellani, John M. Wright, Steven J. Gelb, Arnold L. Rheingold, William C. Trogler 2019 Marshall University

Synthesis, Molecular Structure, And 1h Nmr Analysis Of Bis(Tetraphenylcyclopentadienyl)Ruthenium(Ii), Michael P. Castellani, John M. Wright, Steven J. Gelb, Arnold L. Rheingold, William C. Trogler

Michael P. Castellani

Reaction of [Ru(p-cymene)Cl2]2 with K(η5-C5HPh4) in refluxing diglyme yields (η5-C5Ph4)2Ru in ca 50% yield. The complex was not susceptible to oxidation or reduction. (C5HPH4)2Ru crystallizes in the triclinic P1 space group with a = 8.549(4), b = 10.793(4), c = 12.842(5) Å, α = 65.98(3), β = 73.10(3), γ = 83.49(3)° and Z = 1. The least-squares data refined to R(F) = 3.53% and R(wF = 3.82% for the ...


(Η5‐Cyclopentadienyl)Tricarbonylmanganese(I) Complexes, Patrick N. Kirk, Michael P. Castellani 2019 Marshall University

(Η5‐Cyclopentadienyl)Tricarbonylmanganese(I) Complexes, Patrick N. Kirk, Michael P. Castellani

Michael P. Castellani

Since the initial preparation of (η5‐C5H5)Mn(CO)3 by Fischer and Jira in 1954, many methods have been developed for the synthesis of this compound (often referred to as “cymantrene”) and its C5 substituted derivatives. Interestingly, each of these preparations has at least one significant drawback from a preparative perspective (thallium reagents, high pressures, poor yields, or reactants that require significant preparative investment). Surprisingly missing from this collection of preparative methods is the direct reaction between commercially available Mn(CO)5Br and NaC5H5. In 1988, however, Smart and coworkers ...


Kinetics, Energetics, And Size Dependence Of The Transformation From Pt To Ordered Ptsn Intermetallic Nanoparticles, Minda Chen, Yong Han, Tian Wei Goh, Rong Sun, Raghu V. Maligal‐Ganesh, Yuchen Pei, Chia‐ Kuang Tsung, James W. Evans, Wenyu Huang 2019 Iowa State University

Kinetics, Energetics, And Size Dependence Of The Transformation From Pt To Ordered Ptsn Intermetallic Nanoparticles, Minda Chen, Yong Han, Tian Wei Goh, Rong Sun, Raghu V. Maligal‐Ganesh, Yuchen Pei, Chia‐ Kuang Tsung, James W. Evans, Wenyu Huang

James W. Evans

The outstanding catalytic activity and chemical selectivity of intermetallic compounds make them excellent candidates for heterogeneous catalysis. However, the kinetics of their formation at the nanoscale is poorly understood or characterized, and precise control of their size, shape as well as composition during synthesis remains challenging. Here, using well-defined Pt nanoparticles (5 nm and 14 nm) encapsulated in mesoporous silica, we study the transformation kinetics from monometallic Pt to intermetallic PtSn at different temperatures by a series of time-evolution X-ray diffraction studies. Observations indicate an initial transformation stage mediated by Pt surface-controlled intermixing kinetics, followed by a second stage with ...


National Chemistry Week In The Greater Lafayette Area: Chemistry Is Out Of This World!, Daniela Mesa Sanchez, Jessica Callus, Daisy Unsihuay 2019 Purdue University

National Chemistry Week In The Greater Lafayette Area: Chemistry Is Out Of This World!, Daniela Mesa Sanchez, Jessica Callus, Daisy Unsihuay

Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Connecting Through Listening & Scholarship

National Chemistry Week (NCW), an outreach program initiated by the American Chemical Society (ACS), encourages scientists to bring their love of chemistry to the community. The Plutonium Chapter (Purdue University) of Iota Sigma Pi (ISP) organizes an annual celebration of this event in which over 1600 elementary school students are exposed to hands-on experiments related to the annual theme. In 2018, the theme was “Chemistry is Out of This World,” which allowed nearly a 100 volunteers to explore several space-themed experiments with children from three different school districts all over the Greater Lafayette area. Our poster outlines the preparation of ...


Table Of Contents, 2019 University of South Carolina

Table Of Contents

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Lake Sediment Analysis At Heron Haven Nature Center, Erik Lato 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Lake Sediment Analysis At Heron Haven Nature Center, Erik Lato

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Understanding the chemical composition of a wetland sanctuary lakebed can help us understand how recent developments may have changed the chemical composition. Due to recent dredging by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and previous research on water composition at Heron Haven, the goal of this project was to determine the chemical composition as a function of sediment depth. The concentration of seven different metals and nutrients were analyzed in terms of depth. The aluminum, iron, and phosphate concentrations had no real discernible concentration change as a function of depth. There is some hint of a steady increase of ...


Investigating Daily Variation In Lotic Prairie Ecosystems, Dominick Caniglia 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Investigating Daily Variation In Lotic Prairie Ecosystems, Dominick Caniglia

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

The goal of this project is to investigate the hydrochemistry of the prairie stream system at Glacier Creek Preserve, namely to determine the chemical behavior as it varies over time. Past sampling revealed annual/seasonal trends, which prompted this study investigating possible changes over the course of a day. To accomplish this, water samples were taken hourly for a twelve hour period in September and November 2018, and were analyzed at the Durham Science Center. All samples were obtained at the furthest downstream site available. The main focus was to study alkalinity and dissolved mineral content. Preliminary data suggests that ...


Synthesis Of A Sulfur Variant For Treatment Of Trypanosomiasis, Carlos Vera-Esquivel 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Synthesis Of A Sulfur Variant For Treatment Of Trypanosomiasis, Carlos Vera-Esquivel

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Previous work in our lab has found diphenyl ether benzylamines showed a successful response with a micromolar concentration of our lead compound to treat the deadly Trypanosamiosis rhodesience. Furthermore, mammalian cell lines saw promising resistance towards damages. The goal of this study was to synthesize a diphenyl thio benzylamine variant. This variant was more active toward T. b. rhodesience but showed more toxicity to both rat 10 (IC50 mM) and human cell lines (HFF, HC-04, U-2 OS, and HEK293). The selectivity index (ratio of toxicity to activity in the same concentration units (SI)) varied from 55 ...


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