Ryan Caylor, 2016 Concordia University - Portland
Ryan Caylor, Ryan Caylor
Matthew E. Wise
Ryan is a senior majoring in chemistry at Concordia University. He plans on graduating in the spring of 2017. After graduation Ryan plans on attending graduate school in the field of meteorology with an interest in becoming a weather man. Ryan is returning to the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in the summer of 2015 to study the chemical composition of secondary organic aerosol particles. He is also a pitcher on the Concordia University baseball team.
Silver-Polymer Nanocomposites, 2016 East Tennessee State Universtiy
Silver-Polymer Nanocomposites, Anita N. Paul
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The objective of this research was the development of an efficient method for the preparation of silver-polymer nanocomposites containing finely dispersed silver nanoparticles. The surface of nanosilver was functionalized by thiolation with 2-aminoethanethiol. Amino-modified nanosilver was covalently bonded to polyacrylic acid, biodegradable polymers like acid terminated polylactic acid, ester terminated poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) and acid terminated poly(DL lactide-co-glycolide) in the presence of diisopropylcarbodiimide by carbodiimide method. Esterification of the carboxyl groups of Ag-polyacrylic acid by hydrochloric acid in methanol resulted in the formation of a stable colloidal dispersion of Ag nanoparticles in the polymer matrix. It was observed that not ...
Molecular Docking, Synthesis And Evaluation Of Pyrrolo[2,1-C][1,4]Benzodiazepines Derivatives As Non-Β-Lactam Β-Lactamases Inhibitors, 2016 East Tennessee State University
Molecular Docking, Synthesis And Evaluation Of Pyrrolo[2,1-C][1,4]Benzodiazepines Derivatives As Non-Β-Lactam Β-Lactamases Inhibitors, Joseph Osamudiamen Osazee
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Our research aim was to design, synthesize, and study the competitive enzyme inhibition kinetics of pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]benzodiazepine (PBD) derivatives as potential non-²-lactam ²-lactamase inhibitors. All compounds (1-13) passed the Lipinski’s rule of 5 test and were docked into the active site of TEM-1 ²-lactamase. PBD derivatives 1-7 were synthesized in high yields and tested for their potency against TEM-1 and P99 ²-lactamases. Kinetic data showed that compounds 1, 4, 5, and 7 possessed inhibitory activity against TEM-1 ranging from 4-34 %. Docking results revealed significant interactive spanning of the active site of TEM-1 by ...
Synthesis, Characterization And Biological Evaluation Of Pyrrolo[2,1-C][1,4]Benzodiazepines For Cytotoxicity And Serine Β-Lactamases Inhibition, 2016 East Tennessee State University
Synthesis, Characterization And Biological Evaluation Of Pyrrolo[2,1-C][1,4]Benzodiazepines For Cytotoxicity And Serine Β-Lactamases Inhibition, Joel K. Annor-Gyamfi
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]benzodiazepine (PBD) derivatives possess cancerostatic and anti-infective properties thus making them candidates of possible antibacterial agents. ²-lactam antibiotics are vital weapons for the treatment of bacterial infections, but their existence and effectiveness has been faced with resistance from ²-lactamases. Therefore, the need for new effective antimicrobial drugs is very crucial. In this work, we synthesized in high yields, PBD analogs 1−3, 5 and 7−9 in three to four synthetic steps from commercially available L-proline and isatoic anhydride. MTT Assay was employed to test the in vitro cytotoxicity of PBD analogs 1, 2, 5 ...
Correlation Of Polymer Performance And Hansen Solubility Parameters, 2016 University of Southern Mississippi
Correlation Of Polymer Performance And Hansen Solubility Parameters, Daniel Jobse Mania
Ready-to-use (RTU) grout is becoming more important to the finish and remodeling construction industry. Market research shows it is a fast-growing product that not only is creating its own space, but is beginning to supplant existing technology.
The original intent of this research was to investigate formulation parameters and how they affect grout performance. It was learned that particle size and oil absorption (OA) value are important filler properties that affect performance as much as adequate packing density and optimal pigment volume concentration (PVC) without going beyond critical PVC (CPVC).
Polymer architecture was also determined to be extremely important, but ...
Corn Stalk Nitrate Interpretation, 2016 Iowa State University
Corn Stalk Nitrate Interpretation, John E. Sawyer
John E. Sawyer
You’ve gotten results from corn stalk nitrate samples collected this fall. (Corn stalk nitrate analysis form.) Now, what do the results mean? The stalk nitrate test is based on the concentration of nitrate-N in the lower corn stalk (8 inch segment from 6 to 14 inches above the ground) when the plant reaches maturity (See Cornstalk testing to evaluate nitrogen management, PM 1584). In general, a larger amount of plant-available N in the soil during the time period before plant maturity results in a greater concentration of nitrate in the lower stalk. However, the stalk nitrate-N concentration can be ...
Nona-Arginine Facilitates Delivery Of Quantum Dots Into Cells Via Multiple Pathways, 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Nona-Arginine Facilitates Delivery Of Quantum Dots Into Cells Via Multiple Pathways, Yi Xu, Betty Revon Liu, Han Jung Lee, Katie Shannon, Jeffrey G. Winiarz, Tien-Chun Wang, Huey-Jenn Chiang, Yue-Wern Huang
Semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) have recently been used to deliver and monitor biomolecules, such as drugs and proteins. However, QDs alone have a low efficiency of transport across the plasma membrane. In order to increase the efficiency, we used synthetic nona-arginine (SR9), a cell-penetrating peptide, to facilitate uptake. We found that SR9 increased the cellular uptake of QDs in a noncovalent binding manner between QDs and SR9. Further, we investigated mechanisms of QD/SR9 cellular internalization. Low temperature and metabolic inhibitors markedly inhibited the uptake of QD/SR9, indicating that internalization is an energy-dependent process. Results from both the pathway ...
Na₁.₅₁₅Euges₄, A Three-Dimensional Crystalline Assembly Of Empty Nanotubules Constructed With Europium(Ii/Iii) Mixed Valence Ions, 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Na₁.₅₁₅Euges₄, A Three-Dimensional Crystalline Assembly Of Empty Nanotubules Constructed With Europium(Ii/Iii) Mixed Valence Ions, Amitava Choudhury, Fernande Grandjean, Gary J. Long, Peter K. Dorhout
A new compound, Na 1.515EuGeS 4, has been synthesized at 750 °C from a reaction of elemental europium, germanium, and sulfur and Na 2S. the compound crystallizes in the trigonal system with Z = 18 and the R3c space group with a = 23.322(3) Å, c = 6.838(1) Å, and V = 3221.2(9) Å 3. Na 1.515EuGeS 4, which is isostructural with Na 2EuSiSe 4, contains quasi-infinite nanoscale ∞[EuGeS 4] 2- tubules that are held together by sodium cations through electrostatic interactions. the tubules consist of a complex network of monoface-capped EuS 7 trigonal prisms and ...
Adapting Advanced Inorganic Chemistry Lecture And Laboratory Instruction For A Legally Blind Student, 2016 Fairfield University
Adapting Advanced Inorganic Chemistry Lecture And Laboratory Instruction For A Legally Blind Student, John R. Miecznikowski, Matthew J. Guberman-Pfeffer, Elizabeth E. Butrick, Julie A. Colangelo, Cristine E. Donaruma
John R. Miecznikowski
In this article, the strategies and techniques used to successfully teach advanced inorganic chemistry, in the lecture and laboratory, to a legally blind student are described. At Fairfield University, these separate courses, which have a physical chemistry corequisite or a prerequisite, are taught for junior and senior chemistry and biochemistry majors. A student earns a separate grade in each the lecture (three credits) and the laboratory course (two credits). An overview of the course topics is given, followed by general accommodations and specific approaches that were used. Student assistants were very helpful and provided extra support for the blind student ...
A New Science, And A New Profession: Sugar Chemistry In Louisiana, 1885-1895, 2016 University of Dayton
A New Science, And A New Profession: Sugar Chemistry In Louisiana, 1885-1895, John Alfred Heitmann
John A. Heitmann
Between 1885 and 1895 the Louisiana sugar industry experienced a scientific and technological revolution in methods, process apparatus, and scale of operations. The animal-powered mills and open kettles characteristic of the antebellum period were supplanted by large, technically designed, and scientifically controlled central factories . In 1880 there were approximately 1,000 sugar houses in Louisiana with an average annual production of 110 long tons of sugar per house. By 1900 fewer than 300 factories constituted the state's sugar industry, but yearly production averaged over 980 long tons for each sugar house. One commentator of the period, Mark Twain, described ...
Preparation Of Phase Homogeneous Mn-Zn Ferrite Powder By Spray Pyrolysis, 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Preparation Of Phase Homogeneous Mn-Zn Ferrite Powder By Spray Pyrolysis, Xinyu Zhao, Baicun Zheng, Hongchen Gu, Chunzhong Li, Shi C. Zhang, P. D. Ownby
P. Darrell Ownby (Emeritus)
Two kinds of aqueous precursor solutions are used to synthesize Mn-Zn ferrite powders: (i) nitrate (NO) precursor-derived from solutions of Mn(NO3)2, Zn(NO3)2, and Fe(NO3)3; and (ii) acetate (AC) precursor-derived from solutions of Mn(CH3COOO)2, Zn(CHCH3COOO)2, and Fe(NO3)3. The composition of the powders synthesized from the precursor AC is very uniform, whereas powders derived from the precursor NO have Mn and Zn segregated on the particle surfaces. In addition, the powders synthesized from precursor AC are solid spherical particles with fine porosity ...
Generating Long-Lasting 1h And 13c Hyperpolarization In Small Molecules With Parahydrogen-Induced Polarization, 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Generating Long-Lasting 1h And 13c Hyperpolarization In Small Molecules With Parahydrogen-Induced Polarization, Thorsten Jonischkeit, Ute Bommerich, Jorg Stadler, Klaus Woelk, Heiko G. Niessen, Joachim Bargon
Recently, Levitt and co-workers demonstrated that conserving the population of long-lasting nuclear singlet states in weak magnetic fields can lead to a preservation of nuclear spin information over times substantially longer than governed by the (high-field) spin-lattice relaxation time T1. Potential benefits of the prolonged spin information for magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy were pointed out, particularly when combined with the parahydrogen induced polarization (PHIP) methodology. In this contribution, we demonstrate that an increase of the effective relaxation time by a factor up to three is achieved experimentally, when molecules hyperpolarized by PHIP are kept in a weak magnetic field ...
Thiophene Based Molecular Sensors Towards Mercury Detection, 2016 Portland State University
Thiophene Based Molecular Sensors Towards Mercury Detection, Austin K. Shigemoto, Carolyn N. Virca, Sam Underwood, Lauren Shetterly, Theresa M. Mccormick
Theresa M. McCormick
Toxic heavy metals such as mercury have increased in concentration in the environment due to pollution. Inorganic mercury in the environment can be later converted to a more toxic form: methylmercury. Regular consumption of fish containing methylmercury can lead to several cognitive and motor disorders as well as Minamata disease. The current methods used to detect both methylmercury and inorganic mercury in sea life and drinking water involve long sample preparation and cost. In order to more efficiently track this toxic metal in the environment and identify contaminated food and water sources, a cheaper and faster method of detection is ...
Synthesis Of A Small Molecule Nitrosocysteine Inhibitor To Reduce The Activity Of Caspase-1, 2016 DePaul University
Synthesis Of A Small Molecule Nitrosocysteine Inhibitor To Reduce The Activity Of Caspase-1, Catherine A. Shamblen, Caitlin E. Karver
Caspase-1 is an enzyme that is overactive in autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases cleaving pro-interleukin-1β to the cytokine interleukin-1β (IL-1β), which leads to inflammatory symptoms. The inhibition of caspase-1 will cause a decrease in the concentration of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), resulting in the reduction of inflammatory symptoms. Recent research has revealed that the appending of a nitric oxide (NO) or nitroxyl (HNO) donating group to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) reduced, or avoided, the side effects caused by currently available treatments. A small molecule based on a known caspase-1 inhibitor with a nitrosocysteine appended on was synthesized to look at the effect of ...
Serendipitous Discovery Of A New Method For The Catalytic Synthesis Of Indole-Fused Benzazepanes, 2016 DePaul Department of Chemistry
Serendipitous Discovery Of A New Method For The Catalytic Synthesis Of Indole-Fused Benzazepanes, Edward Gluzman, Paul A. Vadola
We report here on our investigations into the application of 1,5-hydride transfer cyclization mechanisms to the synthesis of 2,3-disubstituted benzofurans and indoles. We found that PtI4 in MeCN at 120 ºC was indeed capable of activating the alkyne, however, the expected 2,3-disubstituted indole product was not observed. Instead we isolated an indolyl-3-benzazepane via an unexpected intramolecular Steven’s rearrangement/ring expansion. While this transformation has been previously reported our method may prove to have increased substrate scope and more practical reaction conditions. Further studies are underway to optimize the reaction conditions and to fully explore the ...
Electrochemistry And Spectroscopy Of A Molybdenum Porphyrin Compound, 2016 DePaul University
Electrochemistry And Spectroscopy Of A Molybdenum Porphyrin Compound, Jay S. Bhanot, Kyle A. Grice
Carbon dioxide has been a problematic greenhouse gas since the beginning of the industrial age. In an effort to remediate its effects on the climate, multiple techniques have been utilized in the chemical and electrochemical reduction of CO2. Homogeneous electrocatalysis for carbon dioxide reduction has been a topic of increasing interest. However, a full examination of the catalytic performance of early transition metals supported by macroligands has yet to be done. The research reported involves synthesis of a chelate of molybdenum within a tetraphenylporphyrin, and then synthesis, purification, and characterization of its ability to reduce carbon dioxide. The complex ...
Synthesis And Studies Of Cyclopentadienyl Molybdenum Complexes, 2016 DePaul University Department Of Chemistry
Synthesis And Studies Of Cyclopentadienyl Molybdenum Complexes, Cesar Saucedo, Kyle A. Grice
The synthesis and electrochemical responses of [CpMo(CO)3]2, CpMo(CO)3I, CpMo(CO)3(OTf), and [CpMo(bpy)(CO)2] (Cp = cyclopentadienyl, bpy = 2,2’-bipyridine, OTf = trifluoromethansulfonate) in organic solvent are reported. Transition metal compounds such as Re(bpy)(CO)3Cl have been shown to be effective carbon dioxide reduction catalysts. The molybdenum metal complexes studied herein were examined under argon and carbon dioxide gas for the potential reduction of carbon dioxide. Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, infrared (IR) spectroscopy and an electrochemical method know as cyclic voltammetry were used to gather data on ...
Dnp-Enhanced Ultrawideline Solid-State Nmr Spectroscopy: Studies Of Platinum In Metal–Organic Frameworks, 2016 Iowa State University
Dnp-Enhanced Ultrawideline Solid-State Nmr Spectroscopy: Studies Of Platinum In Metal–Organic Frameworks, Takeshi Kobayashi, Frédéric A. Perras, Tian Wei Goh, Tanner L. Metz, Wenyu Huang, Marek Pruski
Ultrawideline dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP)-enhanced 195Pt solid-state NMR (SSNMR) spectroscopy and theoretical calculations are used to determine the coordination of atomic Pt species supported within the pores of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs). The 195Pt SSNMR spectra, with breadths reaching 10 000 ppm, were obtained by combining DNP with broadbanded cross-polarization and CPMG acquisition. Although the DNP enhancements in static samples are lower than those typically observed under magic-angle spinning conditions, the presented measurements would be very challenging using the conventional SSNMR methods. The DNP-enhanced ultrawideline NMR spectra served to separate signals from cis- and trans-coordinated atomic Pt ...
A Ship-In-A-Bottle Strategy To Synthesize Encapsulated Intermetallic Nanoparticle Catalysts: Exemplified For Furfural Hydrogenation, Raghu V. Maligal-Ganesh, Chaoxian Xiao, Tian Wei Goh, Lin-Lin Wang, Jeffrey Gustafson, Yuchen Pei, Zhiyuan Qi, Duane D. Johnson, Shiran Zhang, Franklin Feng Tao, Wenyu Huang
Intermetallic compounds are garnering increasing attention as efficient catalysts for improved selectivity in chemical processes. Here, using a ship-in-a-bottle strategy, we synthesize single-phase platinum-based intermetallic nanoparticles (NPs) protected by a mesoporous silica (mSiO2) shell by heterogeneous reduction and nucleation of Sn, Pb, or Zn in mSiO2-encapsulated Pt NPs. For selective hydrogenation of furfural to furfuryl alcohol, a dramatic increase in activity and selectivity is observed when intermetallic NPs catalysts are used in comparison to Pt@mSiO2. Among the intermetallic NPs, PtSn@mSiO2 exhibits the best performance, requiring only one-tenth of the quantity of Pt used ...
Controlling Catalytic Properties Of Pd Nanoclusters Through Their Chemical Environment At The Atomic Level Using Isoreticular Metal–Organic Frameworks, Xinle Li, Tian Wei Goh, Lei Li, Zhiyong Guo, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Wenyu Huang
Control of heterogeneous catalytic sites through their surrounding chemical environment at an atomic level is crucial to catalyst design. We synthesize Pd nanoclusters (NCs) in an atomically tunable chemical environment using isoreticular metal–organic framework (MOF) supports (Pd@UiO-66-X, X = H, NH2, OMe). In an aerobic reaction between benzaldehyde and ethylene glycol, these catalysts show product distributions that are completely altered from the acetal to the ester when we change the functional groups on the MOF linkers from −NH2 to −H/–OMe. Diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS) studies, along with density functional theory (DFT) calculations, show ...