Palladium Complexes Bearing Κ²-N,N And Κ³-N,N,O Pendant Amine Bis(Phenolate) Ligands, 2019 Ohio Northern University
Palladium Complexes Bearing Κ²-N,N And Κ³-N,N,O Pendant Amine Bis(Phenolate) Ligands, Brendan J. Graziano, Eric M. Collins, Nathaniel C. Mccutcheon, Claire L. Griffith, Nicole M. Braunscheidel, Trilisa M. Perrine, Bradley M. Wile
Chemistry Faculty Scholarship
The synthesis and characterization of ten new palladium(II) amine bis(phenolate) complexes is reported. Solution and single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies reveal the presence of both κ2-N,N and κ3-N,N,O binding modes in these square planar complexes. For complexes with sterically less demanding phenolate donors, addition of external acidic or basic reagents allows for the selective masking of a coordination site at Pd. Complexes bearing bulky cumyl substituents on phenolate donors exhibited unusual 1H NMR spectroscopic features that are consistent with an anagostic interaction with the palladium center. Computational analysis at the ωB97X-D ...
Computational Quantum Chemistry Studies Of The Interactions Of Amino Acids Side Chains With The Guanine Radical Cation., 2018 East Tennessee State Universtiy
Computational Quantum Chemistry Studies Of The Interactions Of Amino Acids Side Chains With The Guanine Radical Cation., Edward Acheampong
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Guanine is generally accepted as the most easily oxidized DNA base when cells are subjected to ionizing radiation, photoionization or photosensitization. At pH 7, the midpoint reduction potential is on the order of 0.2 – 0.3 V higher than those of the radicals of e.g. tyrosine, tryptophan cysteine and histidine, so that the radical “repair” (or at least, a thermodynamically favorable reaction) involving these amino acids is feasible. Computational quantum studies have been done on tyrosine, tryptophan, cysteine and histidine side chains as they appear in histones. Density functional theory was employed using B3LYP/6-31G+ (d, p) basis ...
Synthesis Of Dicamba Glucosides For The Study Of Environmental Dicamba Drift Effects On Soybeans, 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Synthesis Of Dicamba Glucosides For The Study Of Environmental Dicamba Drift Effects On Soybeans, Holly Wallace
Theses and Dissertations
The most popular herbicide used for weed control has been glyphosate for many years in the Midwestern United States. Plants have begun to develop a resistance to glyphosate due to over use of the herbicide. This herbicide resistance has pushed farmers to turn to alternative herbicides such as dicamba and 2,4-D. Recently agrochemical companies have developed genetically modified crops that are resistant to herbicides such as dicamba. These modified crops allow farmers to spray their fields with dicamba without fear of crop damage. Farmers of non-genetically modified crops, however, suffer damage and loss of yield from herbicide drift effects ...
Quantum Mechanical Studies Of N-H···N Hydrogen Bonding In Acetamide Derivatives And Amino Acids, 2018 Utah State University
Quantum Mechanical Studies Of N-H···N Hydrogen Bonding In Acetamide Derivatives And Amino Acids, Sandra J. Lundell
All Graduate Theses and Dissertations
Proteins are made of vast chains of amino acids that twist and fold into intricate designs. These structures are held in place by networks of noncovalent interactions. One of these, the hydrogen bond, forms bridges between adjacent pieces of the protein chain and is one of the most important contributors to the shape and stability of proteins. Hydrogen bonds come in all shapes and sizes and a full understanding of these not only aids in our understanding of proteins in general but can bridge the gap to finding cures to many protein-related diseases, such as sickle-cell anemia. The primary aim ...
Ray Et Al.: Pheromone Of The Velvet Longhorned Beetle Trichoferus Campestris, 2018 Xavier University
Ray Et Al.: Pheromone Of The Velvet Longhorned Beetle Trichoferus Campestris, Ann M. Ray, Joseph A. Francese, Yunfan Zou, Kristopher Watson, Damon J. Crook, Jocelyn G. Millar
No abstract provided.
A Near-Infrared Fluorescent Probe Based On A Fret Rhodamine Donor Linked To A Cyanine Acceptor For Sensitive Detection Of Intracellular Ph Alternations, 2018 Michigan Technological University
A Near-Infrared Fluorescent Probe Based On A Fret Rhodamine Donor Linked To A Cyanine Acceptor For Sensitive Detection Of Intracellular Ph Alternations, Yibin Zhang, Jianheng Bi, Shuai Xia, Wafa Mazi, Shulin Wan, Logan Mikesell, Rudy Luck, Haiying Liu
Department of Chemistry Publications
A fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based near-infrared fluorescent probe (B+) for double-checked sensitive detection of intracellular pH changes has been synthesized by binding a near-infrared rhodamine donor to a near-infrared cyanine acceptor through robust C-N bonds via a nucleophilic substitution reaction. To demonstrate the double-checked advantages of probe B+, a near-infrared probe (A) was also prepared by modification of a near-infrared rhodamine dye with ethylenediamine to produce a closed spirolactam residue. Under basic conditions, probe B+ shows only weak fluorescence from the cyanine acceptor while probe A displays nonfluorescence due to retention of the closed spirolactam form of the ...
Photocatalytic Activity: Experimental Features To Report In Heterogeneous Photocatalysis, 2018 University of Kentucky
Photocatalytic Activity: Experimental Features To Report In Heterogeneous Photocatalysis, Md. Ariful Hoque, Marcelo I. Guzman
Chemistry Faculty Publications
Heterogeneous photocatalysis is a prominent area of research with major applications in solar energy conversion, air pollution mitigation, and removal of contaminants from water. A large number of scientific papers related to the photocatalysis field and its environmental applications are published in different journals specializing in materials and nanomaterials. However, many problems exist in the conception of papers by authors unfamiliar with standard characterization methods of photocatalysts as well as with the procedures needed to determine photocatalytic activities based on the determination of “apparent quantum efficiencies” within a wavelength interval or “apparent quantum yields” in the case of using monochromatic ...
Textured Nise₂ Film: Bifunctional Electrocatalyst For Full Water Splitting At Remarkably Low Overpotential With High Energy Efficiency, 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Textured Nise₂ Film: Bifunctional Electrocatalyst For Full Water Splitting At Remarkably Low Overpotential With High Energy Efficiency, Abdurazag T. Swesi, Jahangir Masud, Wipula P. R. Liyanage, Siddesh Umapathi, Eric W. Bohannan, Julia E. Medvedeva, Manashi Nath
Julia E. Medvedeva
Herein we have shown that electrodeposited NiSe2 can be used as a bifunctional electrocatalyst under alkaline conditions to split water at very low potential by catalyzing both oxygen evolution and hydrogen evolution reactions at anode and cathode, respectively, achieving a very high electrolysis energy efficiency exceeding 80% at considerably high current densities (100 mA cm-2). The OER catalytic activity as well as electrolysis energy efficiency surpasses any previously reported OER electrocatalyst in alkaline medium and energy efficiency of an electrolyzer using state-of-the-art Pt and RuO2 as the HER and OER catalyst, respectively. Through detailed electrochemical and structural ...
Flexible Laser-Induced Graphene For Nitrogen Sensing In Soil, 2018 Iowa State University
Flexible Laser-Induced Graphene For Nitrogen Sensing In Soil, Nate T. Garland, Eric S. Mclamore, Nicholas D. Cavallaro, Deyny Mendivelso-Perez, Emily A. Smith, Dapeng Jing, Jonathan C. Claussen
Mechanical Engineering Publications
Flexible graphene electronics are rapidly gaining interest, but their widespread implementation has been impeded by challenges with ink preparation, ink printing, and post-print annealing processes. Laser-induced graphene (LIG) promises a facile alternative by creating flexible graphene electronics on polyimide substrates through a one-step laser writing fabrication method. Herein we demonstrate the use of LIG, created through a low-cost UV laser, for electrochemical ion selective sensing of plant-available nitrogen (i.e., both ammonium and nitrate ions: NH4+ and NO3-) in soil samples. The laser used to create the LIG was operated at distinct pulse rates (10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 ...
Molecular And Physical Characteristics Of Aerosol At A Remote Free Troposphere Site: Implications For Atmospheric Aging, 2018 Michigan Technological University
Molecular And Physical Characteristics Of Aerosol At A Remote Free Troposphere Site: Implications For Atmospheric Aging, Simeon Schum, Bo Zhang, Katja Džepina, Paolo Fialho, Claudio Mazzoleni, Lynn Mazzoleni
Department of Chemistry Publications
Aerosol properties are transformed by atmospheric processes during long-range transport and play a key role in the Earth's radiative balance. To understand the molecular and physical characteristics of free tropospheric aerosol, we studied samples collected at the Pico Mountain Observatory in the North Atlantic. The observatory is located in the marine free troposphere at 2225m above sea level, on Pico Island in the Azores archipelago. The site is ideal for the study of long-range-transported free tropospheric aerosol with minimal local influence. Three aerosol samples with elevated organic carbon concentrations were selected for detailed analysis. FLEXPART retroplumes indicated that two ...
Thermochemistry: Heat Of Neutralization And Hess’S Law [Chemistry], 2018 CUNY La Guardia Community College
Thermochemistry: Heat Of Neutralization And Hess’S Law [Chemistry], Kevin Mark, Phil Mercier, Janet Gonzalez, Burl Yearwood
Open Educational Resources
The General Chemistry 1 (SCC 201) course has been designated for the core competency of Inquiry and Problem Solving along with the Written Communication Ability. These abilities are best observed in the laboratory section of the course where SCC 201 students are asked to submit weekly written lab reports that range in chemistry topics from chemical structures to the chemical analysis of polluted environments. SCC 201 will be implementing a new experiment in the laboratory portion of the course entitled, “Thermochemistry: Heat of Neutralization and Hess’s Law.” The design of the experiment incorporates many elements of LaGCC’s Core ...
Microwave Reflectometry As A Novel Diagnostic Tool For Detection Of Skin Cancers, 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Microwave Reflectometry As A Novel Diagnostic Tool For Detection Of Skin Cancers, Pratik Mehta, Kundan Chand, Deepak Narayanswamy, Daryl G. Beetner, R. Zoughi, William V. Stoecker
More than 1 000 000 people are diagnosed with skin cancer each year in the United States, and more than 10 000 people die from the disease. Methods such as visual inspection and dermoscopy are available for early detection of skin cancers, but improvement in accuracy is needed. This paper investigates the use of microwave reflectometry as a potential diagnostic tool for detection of skin cancers. Open-ended coaxial probes were used to measure microwave properties of skin. The influences of measurement parameters such as probe application pressure, power level, and variation in reflection properties of skin with location and hydration ...
Bdpa-Nitroxide Biradicals Tailored For Efficient Dynamic Nuclear Polarization Enhanced Solid-State Nmr At Magnetic Fields Up To 21.1 T, Dorothea Wisser, Ganesan Karthikeyan, Alicia Lund, Gilles Casano, Hakim Karoui, Maxim Yulikov, Georges Menzildjian, Arthur C. Pinon, Armin Purea, Frank Engelke, Sachin R. Chaudhari, Dominik Kubicki, Aaron Rossini, Ilia B. Moroz, David Gajan, Christophe Copéret, Gunnar Jeschke, Moreno Lelli, Lyndon Emsley, Anne Lesage, Olivier Ouari
Dynamic Nuclear Polarization (DNP) solid-state NMR has developed into an invaluable tool for the investigation of a wide range of materials. However, the sensitivity gain achieved with many polarizing agents suffers from an unfavorable field and Magic Angle Spinning (MAS) frequency dependence. We present a series of new hybrid biradicals, soluble in organic solvents, that consist of an isotropic narrow EPR line radical, BDPA, tethered to a broad line nitroxide. By tuning the distance between the two electrons and the substituents at the nitroxide moiety, correlations between the electron-electron interactions and the electronic spin relaxation times on one hand, and ...
Efforts Towards The Discovery Of Novel Methods For The Synthesis Of Pharmacologically Relevant Molecular Scaffolds, Graham Joseph Haun
Theses and Dissertations
With the introductions of pharmaceuticals into modern day society many people have been using them to improve their lives. Due to this high increase in demand along with the ever-growing concern of environmental impact pharmaceutical companies have been pressed to synthesis new and existing drugs at a higher rate. This increased rate can cause low yield drugs or have a heavy environmental impact. As the use of pharmaceuticals becomes more widespread the need for greener and simpler organic synthesis methods to make these pharmaceuticals becomes more needed.
Herein is reported the methodological development of different pharmacologically relevant scaffolds. This work ...
Hydrogen-Deuterium Exchange Mass Spectrometry And Molecular Dynamics Simulations For Studying Protein Structure And Dynamics, 2018 The University of Western Ontario
Hydrogen-Deuterium Exchange Mass Spectrometry And Molecular Dynamics Simulations For Studying Protein Structure And Dynamics, Yiming Xiao
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Deciphering properties of proteins are essential for human health and aiding in the development of new pharmaceuticals. This dissertation uses hydrogen-deuterium exchange (HDX) mass spectrometry (MS) and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to study protein dynamics, for improving the understanding of protein folding/unfolding mechanisms, and ligand binding and allosteric regulation.
Chapter 2 uses HDX-MS for probing the conformational dynamics of myoglobin in the presence of N2 bubbles. We propose a dynamic model that reproduces the observed data: “semi-unfolded” “native” “globally unfolded” -> “aggregated”. Chapter 3 focuses on osteoprotegerin (OPG), which hinders bone resorption by inhibiting RANK/RANKL interactions. The dimerization ...
Mechanism Of Protein Charging And Supercharging In Electrospray Ionization: Molecular Dynamics Simulations And Experimental Investigations, 2018 The University of Western Ontario
Mechanism Of Protein Charging And Supercharging In Electrospray Ionization: Molecular Dynamics Simulations And Experimental Investigations, Haidy S. Metwally
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) is a powerful technique for investigating protein structures, conformations, and interactions. Despite its widespread use, many fundamental aspects of ESI remain poorly understood. In this thesis, we use a combination of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and experiments to gain insights into the hidden complexities of ESI-MS.
Chapter 2 discusses the topic of salt-induced protein signal degradation. Salts such as NaCl, CsCl, and tetrabutyl ammonium chloride (NBu4Cl) interfere with MS data acquisition, leading to adduct formation and signal suppression. MD simulations provide an explanation for these salt interferences. Signal suppression can be broken down ...
Sensitivity-Enhanced 207pb Solid-State Nmr Spectroscopy For The Rapid, Non-Destructive Characterization Of Organolead Halide Perovskites, 2018 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory
Sensitivity-Enhanced 207pb Solid-State Nmr Spectroscopy For The Rapid, Non-Destructive Characterization Of Organolead Halide Perovskites, Michael P. Hanrahan, Long Men, Bryan A. Rosales, Javier Vela, Aaron J. Rossini
Organolead halide and mixed halide perovskites (CH3NH3PbX3, CH3NH3PbX3–nYn, X and Y = Cl–, Br– or I–), are promising materials for photovoltaics and optoelectronic devices. 207Pb solid-state NMR spectroscopy has previously been applied to characterize phase segregation and halide ion speciation in mixed halide perovskites. However, NMR spectroscopy is an insensitive technique that often requires large sample volumes and long signal averaging periods. This is especially true for mixed halide perovskites, which give rise to extremely broad 207Pb solid-state NMR spectra. Here, we quantitatively compare the sensitivity of the various solid-state NMR techniques on pure and mixed halide organolead perovskites and ...
Molecular Insights On Aging And Aqueous-Phase Processing From Ambient Biomass Burning Emissions-Influenced Po Valley Fog And Aerosol, 2018 Michigan Technological University
Molecular Insights On Aging And Aqueous-Phase Processing From Ambient Biomass Burning Emissions-Influenced Po Valley Fog And Aerosol, Matthew Brege, Marco Paglione, Stefania Gilardoni, Maria Cristina Facchini, Lynn Mazzoleni
Department of Chemistry Publications
To study the influence of regional biomass burning emissions and secondary processes, ambient samples of fog and aerosol were collected in the Po Valley (Italy) during the 2013 Supersito field campaign. After the extent of fresh vs. aged biomass burning influence was estimated from proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) and high-resolution time-of-flight aerosol mass spectrometry (HR-ToF-AMS), two samples of fog water and two samples of PM1 aerosol were selected for ultrahigh-resolution Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) analysis. Molecular compositions indicated that the water-soluble organic matter was largely non-polymeric without clearly repeating units. The selected ...
How To Fold And Protect Mitochondrial Ribosomal Rna With Fewer Guanines, 2018 Bowling Green State University
How To Fold And Protect Mitochondrial Ribosomal Rna With Fewer Guanines, Maryam Hosseini, Poorna Roy, Marie Sissler, Craig L. Zirbel, Eric Westhof, Neocles B. Leontis
Chemistry Faculty Publications
Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomes evolved from bacterial ribosomes by reduction of ribosomal RNAs, increase of ribosomal protein content, and loss of guanine nucleotides. Guanine is the base most sensitive to oxidative damage. By systematically comparing high-quality, small ribosomal subunit RNA sequence alignments and solved 3D ribosome structures from mammalian mitochondria and bacteria, we deduce rules for folding a complex RNA with the remaining guanines shielded from solvent. Almost all conserved guanines in both bacterial and mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal RNA form guaninespecific, local or long-range, RNA–RNA or RNA– protein interactions. Many solvent-exposed guanines conserved in bacteria are replaced in mammalian mitochondria ...
Unraveling The Stereodynamics Of Cold Controlled Hd−H2 Collisions, 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Unraveling The Stereodynamics Of Cold Controlled Hd−H2 Collisions, James F. E. Croft, Naduvalath Balakrishnan, Meng Huang, Hua Guo
Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications
Measuring inelastic rates with partial-wave resolution requires temperatures close to a Kelvin or below, even for the lightest molecule. In a recent experiment, Perreault, Mukherjee, and Zare [Nat. Chem. 10, 561 (2018).] studied collisional relaxation of excited HD molecules in the v=1, j=2 state by para- and ortho-H2 at a temperature of about 1 K, extracting the angular distribution of scattered HD in the v=1, j=0 state. By state preparation of the HD molecules, control of the angular distribution of scattered HD was demonstrated. Here, we report a first-principles simulation of that experiment which enables us ...