Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Chemistry Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

20990 Full-Text Articles 28787 Authors 3708169 Downloads 233 Institutions

All Articles in Chemistry

Faceted Search

20990 full-text articles. Page 1 of 539.

Tunable Copper Complexes For Sustainable Photocatalysis, David Kline 2017 Murray State University

Tunable Copper Complexes For Sustainable Photocatalysis, David Kline

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Photoredox catalysis has direct applications in sustainable chemistry and thus an immense impact on our environment. With the ability to harness energy directly from the sun to catalyze useful chemical reactions, photocatalysts can help to eliminate the need for harsh reaction conditions and reduce generation of hazardous chemical waste. Photocatalysts based on Earth-abundant metals such as copper have recently emerged as sustainable alternatives to rare-earth metals including iridium and ruthenium, which are no longer required for many photocatalyzed chemical transformations.


Direct 3d Printing Of Catalytically Active Structures, Igor I. Slowing, J. Sebastian Manzano, Zachary B. Weinstein, Aaron D. Sadow 2017 Ames Laboratory

Direct 3d Printing Of Catalytically Active Structures, Igor I. Slowing, J. Sebastian Manzano, Zachary B. Weinstein, Aaron D. Sadow

Igor I. Slowing

3D printing of materials with active functional groups can provide customdesigned structures that promote chemical conversions. Herein, catalytically active architectures were produced by photopolymerizing bifunctional molecules using a commercial stereolithographic 3D printer. Functionalities in the monomers included a polymerizable vinyl group to assemble the 3D structures and a secondary group to provide them with active sites. The 3D-printed architectures containing accessible carboxylic acid, amine, and copper carboxylate functionalities were catalytically active for the Mannich, aldol, and Huisgen cycloaddition reactions, respectively. The functional groups in the 3D-printed structures were also amenable to post-printing chemical modification. As proof of principle, chemically active ...


Synthesis And Oxidation Catalysis Of [Tris(Oxazolinyl)Borato]Cobalt(Ii) Scorpionates, Aaron D. Sadow, Regina R. Reinig, Debabrata Mukherjee, Zachary B. Weinstein, Weiwei Xie, Toshia Albright, Benjamin Baird, Tristan S. Gray, Arkady ellern, Gordan J. Miller, Arthur H. Winter, Sergey L. Bud'ko 2017 Iowa State University

Synthesis And Oxidation Catalysis Of [Tris(Oxazolinyl)Borato]Cobalt(Ii) Scorpionates, Aaron D. Sadow, Regina R. Reinig, Debabrata Mukherjee, Zachary B. Weinstein, Weiwei Xie, Toshia Albright, Benjamin Baird, Tristan S. Gray, Arkady Ellern, Gordan J. Miller, Arthur H. Winter, Sergey L. Bud'ko

Aaron D. Sadow

The reaction of CoCl2·THF and thallium tris(4,4-dimethyl-2-oxazolinyl)phenylborate (TlToM) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) provides ToMCoCl (1) in 95 % yield; however, appropriate solvents and starting materials are required to favor 1 over two other readily formed side-products, (ToM)2Co (2) and {HToM}CoCl2 (3). ESR, NMR, FTIR, and UV/Vis spectroscopies were used to distinguish these cobalt(II) products and probe their electronic and structural properties. Even after the structures indicated by these methods were confirmed by X-ray crystallography, the spectroscopic identification of trace contaminants in the material was challenging. The recognition of possible contaminants in the synthesis of ...


Direct 3d Printing Of Catalytically Active Structures, Igor I. Slowing, J. Sebastian Manzano, Zachary B. Weinstein, Aaron D. Sadow 2017 Ames Laboratory

Direct 3d Printing Of Catalytically Active Structures, Igor I. Slowing, J. Sebastian Manzano, Zachary B. Weinstein, Aaron D. Sadow

Aaron D. Sadow

3D printing of materials with active functional groups can provide customdesigned structures that promote chemical conversions. Herein, catalytically active architectures were produced by photopolymerizing bifunctional molecules using a commercial stereolithographic 3D printer. Functionalities in the monomers included a polymerizable vinyl group to assemble the 3D structures and a secondary group to provide them with active sites. The 3D-printed architectures containing accessible carboxylic acid, amine, and copper carboxylate functionalities were catalytically active for the Mannich, aldol, and Huisgen cycloaddition reactions, respectively. The functional groups in the 3D-printed structures were also amenable to post-printing chemical modification. As proof of principle, chemically active ...


Homoleptic Organolanthanide Compounds Supported By The Bis(Dimethylsilyl)Benzyl Ligand, Aaron D. Sadow, Kasuni C. Boteju, Arkady Ellern 2017 Iowa State University

Homoleptic Organolanthanide Compounds Supported By The Bis(Dimethylsilyl)Benzyl Ligand, Aaron D. Sadow, Kasuni C. Boteju, Arkady Ellern

Aaron D. Sadow

A β-SiH functionalized benzyl anion [C(SiHMe2)2Ph]− is obtained by deprotonation of HC(SiHMe2)2Ph with KCH2Ph or by reaction of KOtBu and (Me2HSi)3CPh; LnI3(THF)n and three equivalents of this carbanion combine to provide homoleptic tris(alkyl)lanthanide compounds Ln{C(SiHMe2)2Ph}3 (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd) containing secondary metal–ligand interactions.


52nd Rocky Mountain Conference On Analytical Chemistry, 2017 University of Denver

52nd Rocky Mountain Conference On Analytical Chemistry

Rocky Mountain Conference on Magnetic Resonance

Final program, abstracts, and information about the 52nd annual meeting of the Rocky Mountain Conference on Analytical Chemistry, co-endorsed by the Colorado Section of the American Chemical Society and the Society for Applied Spectroscopy. Held in Snowmass, Colorado, August 1-5, 2010.


53rd Rocky Mountain Conference On Analytical Chemistry, 2017 University of Denver

53rd Rocky Mountain Conference On Analytical Chemistry

Rocky Mountain Conference on Magnetic Resonance

Final program, abstracts, and information about the 53rd annual meeting of the Rocky Mountain Conference on Analytical Chemistry, co-endorsed by the Colorado Section of the American Chemical Society and the Society for Applied Spectroscopy. Held in Snowmass, Colorado, July 24-28, 2011.


55th Annual Rocky Mountain Conference On Magnetic Resonance, 2017 University of Denver

55th Annual Rocky Mountain Conference On Magnetic Resonance

Rocky Mountain Conference on Magnetic Resonance

Final program, abstracts, and information about the 55th annual meeting of the Rocky Mountain Conference on Magnetic Resonance, co-endorsed by the Colorado Section of the American Chemical Society and the Society for Applied Spectroscopy. Held in Denver, Colorado, July 28 - August 1, 2013.


Synthesis And Functionalization Of Small Silver Nanoparticles, Chris Menter, Jeunghoon Lee, Sarah Rhen, Elton Graugnard, Bernard Yurke, William Knowlton, Will Hughes, Wan Kuang 2017 Department of Chemistry, Boise State University

Synthesis And Functionalization Of Small Silver Nanoparticles, Chris Menter, Jeunghoon Lee, Sarah Rhen, Elton Graugnard, Bernard Yurke, William Knowlton, Will Hughes, Wan Kuang

William B. Knowlton

Metal nanoparticles in general exhibit interesting properties due to their small sizes. This response shows up as an intense absorption band in the visible region making metallic nanoparticles ideal probes for medical imaging as well as for countless other applications. Functionalizing metallic nanoparticles with DNA enables targeted labeling, controlled by their base sequence. Another purpose of functionalization is to attach the nanoparticle to a DNA substrate allowing controlled bottom up engineering of nanoscale devices. Gold or gold-encapsulated silver is usually used for these purposes instead of bare silver due to the ease with which silver is oxidized although silver nanoparticles ...


Undergraduate Research Opportunities In Microelectronics At Boise State University, S. Burkett, J. Lusth, D. Russell, W. B. Knowlton, S. Parke 2017 Boise State University

Undergraduate Research Opportunities In Microelectronics At Boise State University, S. Burkett, J. Lusth, D. Russell, W. B. Knowlton, S. Parke

William B. Knowlton

Several opportunities exist for undergraduates in the Microelectronics area at Boise State University. This paper will describe the Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) program funded by the National Science Foundation and other opportunities that have resulted for undergraduates due to external support. BSU became a NSF REU site for Microelectronics research in 1999. Each year 10 students are recruited nation-wide from various engineering and science disciplines to come to BSU for 8 weeks. The students work intensively with various faculty advisors and graduate student mentors. Another unique feature of our program is the tie to local industry. In 1999-2001, three ...


Evaluation Of The Potential Hmga1-Ef24 Nexus In Human Colon Cancer, Madeline Diaz, Takita Sumter 2017 Winthrop University

Evaluation Of The Potential Hmga1-Ef24 Nexus In Human Colon Cancer, Madeline Diaz, Takita Sumter

The Winthrop McNair Research Bulletin

The architectural chromatin binding proteins High Mobility Group A1 (HMGA1) are proteins expressed at high levels in malignant cancers and induce neoplastic transformation. The protein is increased as the last step of the Wnt/B-catenin/TCF-4 pathway and mediates drug resistance, therefore correlating with a poor patient prognosis. HMGA1-mediated chemoresistance results from a self-protective process called cellular senescence. Analogs of the antioxidant, curcumin, when used in combination with traditional chemotherapeutic agents, are useful treatment options for drug resistant tumors. This study had two specific aims. The first being to investigate how colon cancer cells HCT116 respond to treatment with ...


Gamma-Radiation Induced Corrosion Of Alloy 800, Mojtaba Momeni 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Gamma-Radiation Induced Corrosion Of Alloy 800, Mojtaba Momeni

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis presents a newly developed mechanism and predictive model for the corrosion of Alloy 800. The Fe-Cr-Ni Alloy (Incoloy 800) is mainly used for steam generator (SG) tubing in CANDU and PWR reactors and is a candidate material for the proposed Canadian Supercritical Water Reactor (SCWR) in which it will be exposed to extreme conditions of high radiation flux and large temperature gradients. The influence of gamma radiation and water chemistry conditions on the corrosion behaviour of Alloy 800 are studied in this work. Ionizing radiation creates reducing (•eaq, •H, •O2-) and oxidizing radiolysis (•OH, H2 ...


The Effect Of Different Heavy Metal Acetate Solutions On The Inhibition Of Catalase Enzyme, Athreya Murali, Sonali Patel 2017 Heathwood Hall Episcopal School, Columbia, SC

The Effect Of Different Heavy Metal Acetate Solutions On The Inhibition Of Catalase Enzyme, Athreya Murali, Sonali Patel

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

The purpose of this experiment was to determine the effect of different aqueous solutions of ionic compounds on the rate of reaction of the enzyme catalase. The hypothesis states that zinc and cadmium acetate solutions will significantly inhibit catalase and its ability to produce oxygen. In the experiment, there were five trials performed with the lead acetate, zinc acetate, acetic acid, cadmium acetate, and distilled water (the last being the control group). In order to calculate the results, the ANOVA single factor test was used, comparing each solution to water. From results of the ANOVA test, it was found that ...


The Effects Of Tension, Curvature, And Lipid Diffusion On The Enrichment Of Ras Proteins In Model Membranes, Nina Daneshvar 2017 Dutch Fork High School

The Effects Of Tension, Curvature, And Lipid Diffusion On The Enrichment Of Ras Proteins In Model Membranes, Nina Daneshvar

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

An intriguing aspect of the cell membrane that provokes study is lipid-anchor enrichment of lipidated proteins on the cell membrane. Specifically, recent in vitro studies involving the enrichment of Ras proteins were done to see how enrichment was affected by changes in membrane curvature. These studies demonstrated the Ras protein’s inclination to the expanded, or outer, leaflet of highly curved membranes. Other research done in vivo, however, provoked further inquiry into Ras protein behavior, since when highly curved protrusions were created in living cells, Ras proteins showed affinity for the inner leaflet. This inspired research to determine the exact ...


The Effect Of Temperature On Zinc Leaching From Rubber Tire Mulch, Elizabeth Dillon 2017 Spring Valley High School, Columbia, SC

The Effect Of Temperature On Zinc Leaching From Rubber Tire Mulch, Elizabeth Dillon

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Scrap tires are being recycled into many products in order to bypass slow degradation in landfills. Recycled rubber tire mulch contains zinc oxide used in tire formation that can be released through the creation of leachates. This study examines the relationship between temperature environment and leachate zinc concentration. After observing rubber mulch surface temperatures in conjunction with other factors, it was hypothesized that higher temperatures would lead to increased zinc release by rubber mulch and higher leachate zinc concentrations. Leachates were created by mixing 10 grams of mulch and 200 mL distilled water and placing in 5ºC, 29ºC, and 71ºC ...


Simplified Reversed Chloroquines To Overcome Malaria Resistance To Quinoline-Based Drugs, Bornface Gunsaru, Steven J. Burgess, Westin Morrill, Jane X. Kelly, Shawheen Shomloo, Martin J. Smilkstein, Katherine May Liebman, David H. Peyton 2017 Portland State University

Simplified Reversed Chloroquines To Overcome Malaria Resistance To Quinoline-Based Drugs, Bornface Gunsaru, Steven J. Burgess, Westin Morrill, Jane X. Kelly, Shawheen Shomloo, Martin J. Smilkstein, Katherine May Liebman, David H. Peyton

David H. Peyton

Building on our earlier work of attaching a chemosensitizer (reversal agent) to a known drug pharmacophore, we have now expanded the structure-activity relationship study to include simplified versions of the chemosensitizer. The change from two aromatic rings in this head group to a single ring does not appear to detrimentally affect the antimalarial activity of the compounds. Data from in vitro heme binding and beta-hematin inhibition assays suggest that the single aromatic RCQ compounds retain activities against Plasmodium falciparum similar to those of CQ, although other mechanisms of action may be relevant to their activities.


Formaldehyde Hemiacetal Sampling, Recovery, And Quantification From Electronic Cigarette Aerosols, James C. Salamanca, Ian Munhenzva, Jorge O. Escodedo, R. Paul Jensen, Angela Shaw, Robert Campbell, Wentai Luo, David H. Peyton, Robert Strongin 2017 Portland State University

Formaldehyde Hemiacetal Sampling, Recovery, And Quantification From Electronic Cigarette Aerosols, James C. Salamanca, Ian Munhenzva, Jorge O. Escodedo, R. Paul Jensen, Angela Shaw, Robert Campbell, Wentai Luo, David H. Peyton, Robert Strongin

David H. Peyton

The electronic cigarette solvents propylene glycol and glycerol are known to produce toxic byproducts such as formaldehyde, acetaldehyde and acrolein. However, the aerosol toxin yield depends upon a variety of chemical and physical variables. The formaldehyde hemiacetals derived from these solvents were reported as major electronic cigarette aerosol components by us in 2015. In the study described herein, the formaldehyde hemiacetals were found at higher levels than those of free formaldehyde via an orthogonal sample collection protocol. In addition, the common aldehyde collection methods for electronic cigarettes, such as impingers and sorbent tubes containing DNPH, significantly underestimate the levels of ...


Ensemble-Based Modeling And Rigidity Decomposition Of Allosteric Interaction Networks And Communication Pathways In Cyclin-Dependent Kinases: Differentiating Kinase Clients Of The Hsp90-Cdc37 Chaperone, Gabrielle Stetz, Amanda Tse, Gennady M. Verkhivker 2017 Chapman University

Ensemble-Based Modeling And Rigidity Decomposition Of Allosteric Interaction Networks And Communication Pathways In Cyclin-Dependent Kinases: Differentiating Kinase Clients Of The Hsp90-Cdc37 Chaperone, Gabrielle Stetz, Amanda Tse, Gennady M. Verkhivker

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

The overarching goal of delineating molecular principles underlying differentiation of protein kinase clients and chaperone-based modulation of kinase activity is fundamental to understanding activity of many oncogenic kinases that require chaperoning of Hsp70 and Hsp90 systems to attain a functionally competent active form. Despite structural similarities and common activation mechanisms shared by cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) proteins, members of this family can exhibit vastly different chaperone preferences. The molecular determinants underlying chaperone dependencies of protein kinases are not fully understood as structurally similar kinases may often elicit distinct regulatory responses to the chaperone. The regulatory divergences observed for members of CDK ...


The Synthesis And Characterization Of Corannulene-Based Metal-Organic Frameworks, MaryGrace H. Rainsford 2017 South Carolina Governor’s School for Science and Mathematics

The Synthesis And Characterization Of Corannulene-Based Metal-Organic Frameworks, Marygrace H. Rainsford

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Due to the great demands within the energy community, the need to develop materials that can significantly alter the vitality of different substances is one of the top priorities of researchers. In recent years, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have been synthesized to potentially be used as these advances. The objective of this project is to specifically alter the synthetic route of corannulene-based MOFs to create a new anode for a Li-ion battery used in hybrid cars. Due to the crystalline materials porosity and high surface area, the rate performance of this battery can effectively be improved. To do this, a three ...


Table Of Contents, 2017 University of South Carolina

Table Of Contents

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress