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Cybercrime Deterrence And International Legislation: Evidence From Distributed Denial Of Service Attacks, Kai-Lung HUI, Seung Hyun KIM, QIU-HONG WANG 2017 Singapore Management University

Cybercrime Deterrence And International Legislation: Evidence From Distributed Denial Of Service Attacks, Kai-Lung Hui, Seung Hyun Kim, Qiu-Hong Wang

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

In this paper, we estimate the impact of enforcing the Convention on Cybercrime (COC) on deterring distributed denial of service (DDOS) attacks. Our data set comprises a sample of real, random spoof-source DDOS attacks recorded in 106 countries in 177 days in the period 2004-2008. We find that enforcing the COC decreases DDOS attacks by at least 11.8 percent, but a similar deterrence effect does not exist if the enforcing countries make a reservation on international cooperation. We also find evidence of network and displacement effects in COC enforcement. Our findings imply attackers in cyberspace are rational, motivated by ...


Selecting Link Resolver And Knowledge Base Software: Implications Of Interoperability, Cyndy Chisare, Jody C. Fagan, David J. Gaines, Michael Trocchia 2017 James Madison University

Selecting Link Resolver And Knowledge Base Software: Implications Of Interoperability, Cyndy Chisare, Jody C. Fagan, David J. Gaines, Michael Trocchia

Libraries

Link resolver software and their associated knowledge bases are essential technologies for modern academic libraries. However, because of the increasing number of possible integrations involving link resolver software and knowledge bases, a library’s vendor relationships, product choices, and consortial arrangements may have the most dramatic effects on the user experience and back-end maintenance workloads. A project team at a large comprehensive university recently investigated link resolver products in an attempt to increase efficiency of back-end workflows while maintaining or improving the patron experience. The methodology used for product comparison may be useful for other libraries.


Learning To Identify Depth Edges In Real-World Images With 3d Ground Truth, Krista A. Ehinger, Kevin T. Joseph, Wendy J. Adams, Erich W. Graf, James H. Elder 2017 York University

Learning To Identify Depth Edges In Real-World Images With 3d Ground Truth, Krista A. Ehinger, Kevin T. Joseph, Wendy J. Adams, Erich W. Graf, James H. Elder

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


Scoring Scene Symmetry, Morteza Rezanejad, John D. Wilder, Sven Dickinson, Allan Jepson, Dirk B. Walther, Kaleem Siddiqi 2017 McGill University

Scoring Scene Symmetry, Morteza Rezanejad, John D. Wilder, Sven Dickinson, Allan Jepson, Dirk B. Walther, Kaleem Siddiqi

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


Large-Scale Discovery Of Visual Features For Object Recognition, Drew Linsley, Sven Eberhardt, Dan Shiebler, Thomas Serre 2017 Brown University

Large-Scale Discovery Of Visual Features For Object Recognition, Drew Linsley, Sven Eberhardt, Dan Shiebler, Thomas Serre

MODVIS Workshop

A central goal in vision science is to identify features that are important for object and scene recognition. Reverse correlation methods have been used to uncover features important for recognizing faces and other stimuli with low intra-class variability. However, these methods are less successful when applied to natural scenes with variability in their appearance.

To rectify this, we developed Clicktionary, a web-based game for identifying features for recognizing real-world objects. Pairs of participants play together in different roles to identify objects: A “teacher” reveals image regions diagnostic of the object’s category while a “student” tries to recognize the object ...


Extensible Energy Planning Framework For Preemptive Tasks, Jin Hyun Kim, Deepak Gangadharan, Oleg Sokolsky, Axel Legay, Insup Lee 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Extensible Energy Planning Framework For Preemptive Tasks, Jin Hyun Kim, Deepak Gangadharan, Oleg Sokolsky, Axel Legay, Insup Lee

Departmental Papers (CIS)

Cyber-physical systems (CSPs) are demanding energy-efficient design not only of hardware (HW), but also of software (SW). Dynamic Voltage and and Frequency Scaling (DVFS) and Dynamic Power Manage (DPM) are most popular techniques to improve the energy efficiency. However, contemporary complicated HW and SW designs requires more elaborate and sophisticated energy management and efficiency evaluation techniques. This paper is concerned about energy supply planning for real-time scheduling systems (units) of which tasks need to meet deadlines. This paper presents a modelbased compositional energy planning technique that computes a minimal ratio of processor frequency that preserves schedulability of independent and preemptive ...


Random Access In Nondelimited Variable-Length Record Collections For Parallel Reading With Hadoop, Jason Anderson, Christopher Gropp, Linh Ngo, Amy W. Apon 2017 Clemson University

Random Access In Nondelimited Variable-Length Record Collections For Parallel Reading With Hadoop, Jason Anderson, Christopher Gropp, Linh Ngo, Amy W. Apon

Publications

The industry standard Packet CAPture (PCAP) format for storing network packet traces is normally only readable in serial due to its lack of delimiters, indexing, or blocking. This presents a challenge for parallel analysis of large networks, where packet traces can be many gigabytes in size. In this work we present RAPCAP, a novel method for random access into variable-length record collections like PCAP by identifying a record boundary within a small number of bytes of the access point. Unlike related heuristic methods that can limit scalability with a nonzero probability of error, the new method offers a correctness guarantee ...


Hierarchical Active Learning Application To Mitochondrial Disease Protein Dataset, James D. Duin 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Hierarchical Active Learning Application To Mitochondrial Disease Protein Dataset, James D. Duin

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

This study investigates an application of active machine learning to a protein dataset developed to identify the source of mutations which give rise to mitochondrial disease. The dataset is labeled according to the protein's location of origin in the cell; whether in the mitochondria or not, or a specific target location in the mitochondria's outer or inner membrane, its matrix, or its ribosomes. This dataset forms a labeling hierarchy. A new machine learning approach is investigated to learn the high-level classifier, i.e., whether the protein is a mitochondrion, by separately learning finer-grained target compartment concepts and combining ...


Continuous Top-K Monitoring On Document Streams, Leong Hou U, Junjie ZHANG, Kyriakos MOURATIDIS, Ye LI 2017 Singapore Management University

Continuous Top-K Monitoring On Document Streams, Leong Hou U, Junjie Zhang, Kyriakos Mouratidis, Ye Li

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

The efficient processing of document streams plays animportant role in many information filtering systems. Emerging applications,such as news update filtering and social network notifications, demandpresenting end-users with the most relevant content to their preferences. Inthis work, user preferences are indicated by a set of keywords. A centralserver monitors the document stream and continuously reports to each user thetop-k documents that are most relevant to her keywords. Our objective is tosupport large numbers of users and high stream rates, while refreshing thetop-k results almost instantaneously. Our solution abandons the traditionalfrequency-ordered indexing approach. Instead, it follows an identifier-orderingparadigm that suits better ...


Recommender Response To Diversity And Popularity Bias In User Profiles, Sushma Channamsetty, Michael D. Ekstrand 2017 Boise State University

Recommender Response To Diversity And Popularity Bias In User Profiles, Sushma Channamsetty, Michael D. Ekstrand

Michael D. Ekstrand

Recommender system evaluation usually focuses on the overall effectiveness of the algorithms, either in terms of measurable accuracy or ability to deliver user satisfaction or improve business metrics. When additional factors are considered, such as the diversity or novelty of the recommendations, the focus typically remains on the algorithm’s overall performance. We examine the relationship of the recommender’s output characteristics – accuracy, popularity (as an inverse of novelty), and diversity – to characteristics of the user’s rating profile. The aims of this analysis are twofold: (1) to probe the conditions under which common algorithms produce more or less diverse ...


Osspal: Finding And Evaluating Open Source Software, Anthony Wasserman 2017 Carnegie Mellon University

Osspal: Finding And Evaluating Open Source Software, Anthony Wasserman

Tony Wasserman

This paper describes the OSSpal project, which is aimed at helping companies, government agencies, and other organizations find high quality free and open source software (FOSS) that meets their needs. OSSpal is a successor to the Business Readiness Rating (BRR), combining quantitative and qualitative evaluation measures for software in various categories. Instead of a purely numeric calculated score OSSpal adds curation of high-quality FOSS projects and individual user reviews of these criteria. Unlike the BRR project, for which there was no automated support, OSSpal has an operational, publicly available website where users may search by project name or category, and ...


The Creation Of A Building Map Application For A University Setting, William T. Whitesell 2017 Liberty University

The Creation Of A Building Map Application For A University Setting, William T. Whitesell

Senior Honors Theses

The use of navigational technology in mobile and web devices has sharply increased in recent years. With the capability to create interactive maps now available, navigating in real time between locations has become possible. This is especially essential in areas and organizations experiencing rapid expansion like Liberty University (LU). Therefore, the author proposes a project to create an interactive map application (IMA) for LU’s academic buildings that is scalable and usable through both the university’s website and with a mobile application. There are several considerations that must be taken into account when creating the LU map application, such ...


Mapping Community Space And Place In Mto Wa Mbu, Tanzania Through Surveys And Gis, Jessica Craigg 2017 Georgia College and State University

Mapping Community Space And Place In Mto Wa Mbu, Tanzania Through Surveys And Gis, Jessica Craigg

Georgia College Student Research Events

Cities throughout the African continent have been developing at an unprecedented pace, many of them due to the influence of the tourism industry. This is particularly true in Tanzania, a country famous for its national parks and their draw to tourists who help provide money for development. However, the only way to get the whole story on how to spend this money is through the experiences and needs of the people themselves. This study focuses on a small town in northeastern Tanzania, Mto wa Mbu, situated near Lake Manyara National Park, and its people’s perceptions of the park and ...


Does Logic Help Us Beat Monty Hall?, Adam J. Hammett, Nathan A. Harold, Tucker R. Rhodes 2017 Cedarville University

Does Logic Help Us Beat Monty Hall?, Adam J. Hammett, Nathan A. Harold, Tucker R. Rhodes

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

The classical Monty Hall problem entails that a hypothetical game show contestant be presented three doors and told that behind one door is a car and behind the other two are far less appealing prizes, like goats. The contestant then picks a door, and the host (Monty) is to open a different door which contains one of the bad prizes. At this point in the game, the contestant is given the option of keeping the door she chose or changing her selection to the remaining door (since one has already been opened by Monty), after which Monty opens the chosen ...


Cusigns: A Dynamic Solution For Digital Signage, Jonathan Easterday, Wesley Kelly, Todd Landis, Nicole D. Perez 2017 Cedarville University

Cusigns: A Dynamic Solution For Digital Signage, Jonathan Easterday, Wesley Kelly, Todd Landis, Nicole D. Perez

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Cedarville University has computer monitors located throughout campus in order to show advertisements and important information to students, faculty, and staff. The slides shown on these displays are scheduled using Concerto: web-based software which manages digital signage. Though the Concerto software is currently used to manage digital signage, Cedarville University’s IT department desires features which Concerto does not provide, including the ability to play videos, a better slide randomization algorithm, emergency broadcasting features, and an intuitive user interface. We have created a new solution for digital signage called CUSigns with the goal of providing the existing functionality of Concerto ...


The Bible Story Producer App, Michael D. Baxter, Noah W. Bragg, Grant W. Dennison, Robert J. Jacubec, Andrew D. Lockridge, Abigail M. Riffle 2017 Cedarville University

The Bible Story Producer App, Michael D. Baxter, Noah W. Bragg, Grant W. Dennison, Robert J. Jacubec, Andrew D. Lockridge, Abigail M. Riffle

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

The Bible Story Producer team at Cedarville University has been spending the past year on the Bible Story Producer app for Android. This app is a tool whose purpose is to facilitate the translation of Bible stories by bilingual laypersons in places where the Bible is unavailable in the vernacular. The aim of the app is to facilitate the oral translation of Bible stories transmitted as templates consisting of voice narration in a Language of Wider Communication (LWC). The narration is accompanied by a series of high-quality illustrations animated by the Ken Burns (pan and zoom) effect. An instance of ...


Smart Signalling For Bicycles Using User Riding Behavior, Nishant Tushar Sinha 2017 Georgia State University

Smart Signalling For Bicycles Using User Riding Behavior, Nishant Tushar Sinha

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Semantic Description Of Activities In Videos, Fillipe Dias Moreira De Souza 2017 University of South Florida

Semantic Description Of Activities In Videos, Fillipe Dias Moreira De Souza

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Description of human activities in videos results not only in detection of actions and objects but also in identification of their active semantic relationships in the scene. Towards this broader goal, we present a combinatorial approach that assumes availability of algorithms for detecting and labeling objects and actions, albeit with some errors. Given these uncertain labels and detected objects, we link them into interpretative structures using domain knowledge encoded with concepts of Grenander’s general pattern theory. Here a semantic video description is built using basic units, termed generators, that represent labels of objects or actions. These generators have multiple ...


The Chess Puzzle Lock Screen, Ryan J. Hayes 2017 Lynchburg College

The Chess Puzzle Lock Screen, Ryan J. Hayes

Student Scholar Showcase

The Chess Puzzle Lock Screen

Many times each day, owners of cellphones use their phone’s lock screen in order to access their device. The goal of this project has been to take advantage of the action of unlocking one’s device by incorporating an element of self-help into the process. Every time a user who is interested in learning a new field attempts to access their device, that user is faced with a problem pertaining to a subject they are interested in learning more about. After many repetitions of this scenario, the user will have increased their understanding of ...


Virtual Reality: Google Cardboard And Unity, Emma Elliott 2017 Lynchburg College

Virtual Reality: Google Cardboard And Unity, Emma Elliott

Student Scholar Showcase

Virtual Reality is currently the hottest way for people to play video games because it provides an immersive and interactive world to explore. It uses computer software to create sounds, realistic images, and other effects to simulate a virtual setting. The current craze started on the Oculus Rift headset and has incited other companies to make their own, but most are expensive or require another system to play. Instead of buying an expensive headset, anyone with a smartphone can play in Virtual Reality with Google’s cheap alternative, the Google Cardboard. The goal of this project is to complete a ...


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