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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Real Analysis I, Ismail Nikoufar Dec 2105

Real Analysis I, Ismail Nikoufar

Ismail Nikoufar

Real Analysis slides for my graduate students.


Effect Of Head Group Size On The Photoswitching Applications Of Azobenzene Disperse Red 1 Analogues, Chris Corkery, Alexis Goulet-Hanssens, Arri Priimagi, Christopher Barrett Dec 2103

Effect Of Head Group Size On The Photoswitching Applications Of Azobenzene Disperse Red 1 Analogues, Chris Corkery, Alexis Goulet-Hanssens, Arri Priimagi, Christopher Barrett

Chris Corkery

No abstract provided.


In Operando Mechanism Analysis On Nanocrystalline Silicon Anode Material For Reversible And Ultrafast Sodium Storage, Lei Zhang, Xianluo Hu, Chaoji Chen, Haipeng Guo, Xiaoxiao Liu, Gengzhao Xu, Haijian Zhong, Shuang Cheng, Peng Wu, Jiashen Meng, Yunhui Huang, Shi Xue Dou, Hua-Kun Liu Mar 2018

In Operando Mechanism Analysis On Nanocrystalline Silicon Anode Material For Reversible And Ultrafast Sodium Storage, Lei Zhang, Xianluo Hu, Chaoji Chen, Haipeng Guo, Xiaoxiao Liu, Gengzhao Xu, Haijian Zhong, Shuang Cheng, Peng Wu, Jiashen Meng, Yunhui Huang, Shi Xue Dou, Hua-Kun Liu

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

Presently, lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are the most promising commercialized electrochemical energy storage systems. Unfortunately, the limited resource of Li results in increasing cost for its scalable application and a general consciousness of the need to find new type of energy storage technologies. Very recently, substantial effort has been invested to sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) due to their effectively unlimited nature of sodium resources. Furthermore, the potential of Li/Li+ is 0.3 V lower than that of Na/Na+, which makes it more effective to limit the electrolyte degradation on the outer surface of the electrode.[1] Nevertheless, one major obstacle ...


Iterative Matrix Factorization Method For Social Media Data Location Prediction, Natchanon Suaysom Jan 2018

Iterative Matrix Factorization Method For Social Media Data Location Prediction, Natchanon Suaysom

HMC Senior Theses

Since some of the location of where the users posted their tweets collected by social media company have varied accuracy, and some are missing. We want to use those tweets with highest accuracy to help fill in the data of those tweets with incomplete information. To test our algorithm, we used the sets of social media data from a city, we separated them into training sets, where we know all the information, and the testing sets, where we intentionally pretend to not know the location. One prediction method that was used in (Dukler, Han and Wang, 2016) requires appending one-hot ...


Cybercrime Deterrence And International Legislation: Evidence From Distributed Denial Of Service Attacks, Kai-Lung Hui, Seung Hyun Kim, Qiu-Hong Wang Dec 2017

Cybercrime Deterrence And International Legislation: Evidence From Distributed Denial Of Service Attacks, Kai-Lung Hui, Seung Hyun Kim, Qiu-Hong Wang

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

In this paper, we estimate the impact of enforcing the Convention on Cybercrime (COC) on deterring distributed denial of service (DDOS) attacks. Our data set comprises a sample of real, random spoof-source DDOS attacks recorded in 106 countries in 177 days in the period 2004-2008. We find that enforcing the COC decreases DDOS attacks by at least 11.8 percent, but a similar deterrence effect does not exist if the enforcing countries make a reservation on international cooperation. We also find evidence of network and displacement effects in COC enforcement. Our findings imply attackers in cyberspace are rational, motivated by ...


A Weighted Möbius Function, Derek Garton Sep 2017

A Weighted Möbius Function, Derek Garton

Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Fix an odd prime ℓ and let G be the poset of isomorphism classes of finite abelian ℓ-groups, ordered by inclusion. If ξ:G→R≥0 is a discrete probability distribution on G and A ∈ G, define the Ath moment of ξ to be . The question of determining conditions that ensure ξ is completely determined by its moments has been of recent interest in many problems of Cohen–Lenstra type. Furthermore, recovering ξ from its moments requires a new Möbius-type inversion formula on G. In this paper, we define this function, relate it to the classical Möbius function ...


Investigation Into The Formation Of Information Security Influence: Network Analysis Of An Emerging Organisation, Duy Dang-Pham, Siddhi Pittayachawan, Vince Bruno Aug 2017

Investigation Into The Formation Of Information Security Influence: Network Analysis Of An Emerging Organisation, Duy Dang-Pham, Siddhi Pittayachawan, Vince Bruno

Siddhi Pittayachawan

While prior research has been examining information security behaviours in mature environments with formal policies and practices, there is less attention paid to new or transforming environments that lack security controls. It is crucial to understand what factors affect the formation of an emerging information security environment, so that security managers can make use of the forming mechanisms to improve the security environment without relying too much on enforcement. This research adopts exponential random graph modeling to predict the occurrence of information security influence among 114 employees in a recently established construction organisation. Our empirical findings show that physically co-locating ...


Rethinking Urban Green Infrastructure As A Means To Promote Avian Conservation, Allen Lau Aug 2017

Rethinking Urban Green Infrastructure As A Means To Promote Avian Conservation, Allen Lau

Master's Projects and Capstones

There is an under-recognized potential for cities to use urban green infrastructure to contribute to avian biodiversity conservation. At the global scale, climate change and growing urbanization are primary global drivers leading to decline and homogenization in world bird populations. Birds are fundamental and intricate species in ecosystems, and even in urban areas, act as indicator and regulator species contributing to healthy ecosystem function. While many cities have recognized the economic and social benefits associated with green spaces, such as the vast benefits ecosystem services provide to the urban dweller, the use of green spaces to concurrently contribute to avian ...


Vertex Weighted Spectral Clustering, Mohammad Masum Aug 2017

Vertex Weighted Spectral Clustering, Mohammad Masum

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Spectral clustering is often used to partition a data set into a specified number of clusters. Both the unweighted and the vertex-weighted approaches use eigenvectors of the Laplacian matrix of a graph. Our focus is on using vertex-weighted methods to refine clustering of observations. An eigenvector corresponding with the second smallest eigenvalue of the Laplacian matrix of a graph is called a Fiedler vector. Coefficients of a Fiedler vector are used to partition vertices of a given graph into two clusters. A vertex of a graph is classified as unassociated if the Fiedler coefficient of the vertex is close to ...


Synthesis And Catalytic Evaluation Of Novel C-Alpha-Methyl-Beta-Proline Analogues, And Concise Synthetic Approach To Nh-Fmoc-S-Trityl-C-Alpha-Methyl Cysteine, Hari Kiran Kotapati Aug 2017

Synthesis And Catalytic Evaluation Of Novel C-Alpha-Methyl-Beta-Proline Analogues, And Concise Synthetic Approach To Nh-Fmoc-S-Trityl-C-Alpha-Methyl Cysteine, Hari Kiran Kotapati

Dissertations

In the field of chemistry there is a growing demand for small molecule organocatalysts such as amino acids, more specifically proline and its analogues, which could catalyze various key chemical reactions in the synthesis of several biologically important molecules. Even though natural proline is reported to catalyze various chemical reactions, its use as organocatalyst is limited mainly due to the solubility issues in the reaction media and high catalyst loadings, which is not very ideal for bulk scale manufacturing. To address these limitations we planned to develop unnatural analogues of proline that could catalyze the reactions with lower catalyst loadings ...


Primes, Divisibility, And Factoring, Dominic Klyve Jul 2017

Primes, Divisibility, And Factoring, Dominic Klyve

Number Theory

No abstract provided.


Babylonian Numeration, Dominic Klyve Jul 2017

Babylonian Numeration, Dominic Klyve

Number Theory

No abstract provided.


Gaussian Integers And Dedekind's Creation Of An Ideal: A Number Theory Project, Janet Heine Barnett Jul 2017

Gaussian Integers And Dedekind's Creation Of An Ideal: A Number Theory Project, Janet Heine Barnett

Number Theory

No abstract provided.


Estimating Accuracy Of Personal Identifiable Information In Integrated Data Systems, Amani "Mohammad Jum'h" Amin Shatnawi Jul 2017

Estimating Accuracy Of Personal Identifiable Information In Integrated Data Systems, Amani "Mohammad Jum'h" Amin Shatnawi

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Without a valid assessment of accuracy there is a risk of data users coming to incorrect conclusions or making bad decision based on inaccurate data. This dissertation proposes a theoretical method for developing data-accuracy metrics specific for any given person-centric integrated system and how a data analyst can use these metrics to estimate the overall accuracy of person-centric data.

Estimating the accuracy of Personal Identifiable Information (PII) creates a corresponding need to model and formalize PII for both the real-world and electronic data, in a way that supports rigorous reasoning relative to real-world facts, expert opinions, and aggregate knowledge. This ...


Rigorous Debates Over Debatable Rigor: Monster Functions In Introductory Analysis, Janet Heine Barnett Jul 2017

Rigorous Debates Over Debatable Rigor: Monster Functions In Introductory Analysis, Janet Heine Barnett

Analysis

No abstract provided.


The Definite Integrals Of Cauchy And Riemann, Dave Ruch Jul 2017

The Definite Integrals Of Cauchy And Riemann, Dave Ruch

Analysis

Rigorous attempts to define the definite integral began in earnest in the early 1800's. One of the pioneers in this development was A. L. Cauchy (1789-1857). In this project, students will read from his 1823 study of the definite integral for continuous functions . Then students will read from Bernard Riemann's 1854 paper, in which he developed a more general concept of the definite integral that could be applied to functions with infinite discontinuities.


Applications Of Social Network Analysis In Behavioural Information Security Research: Concepts And Empirical Analysis, Duy Dang-Pham, Siddhi Pittayachawan, Vince Bruno Jun 2017

Applications Of Social Network Analysis In Behavioural Information Security Research: Concepts And Empirical Analysis, Duy Dang-Pham, Siddhi Pittayachawan, Vince Bruno

Siddhi Pittayachawan

The rapid digital transformation and technological disruption in modern organisations demand the development of people-centric security workplaces, whereby the employees can build up their security awareness and accountability for their actions via participation in the organisation's social networks. The social network analysis approach offers a wide array of analytical capabilities to examine in-depth the interactions and relations within an organisation, which assists the development of such security workplaces. This paper proposes the novel and practical adoption of social network analysis methods in behavioural information security field. To this end, we discuss the core features of the social network analysis ...


Computationally Efficient Solution To The Cahn–Hilliard Equation: Adaptive Implicit Time Schemes, Mesh Sensitivity Analysis And The 3d Isoperimetric Problem, Olga Wodo, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian Jun 2017

Computationally Efficient Solution To The Cahn–Hilliard Equation: Adaptive Implicit Time Schemes, Mesh Sensitivity Analysis And The 3d Isoperimetric Problem, Olga Wodo, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian

Baskar Ganapathysubramanian

We present an efficient numerical framework for analyzing spinodal decomposition described by the Cahn–Hilliard equation. We focus on the analysis of various implicit time schemes for two and three dimensional problems. We demonstrate that significant computational gains can be obtained by applying embedded, higher order Runge–Kutta methods in a time adaptive setting. This allows accessing time-scales that vary by five orders of magnitude. In addition, we also formulate a set of test problems that isolate each of the sub-processes involved in spinodal decomposition: interface creation and bulky phase coarsening. We analyze the error fluctuations using these test problems ...


Catalytic Conversion Reactions In Nanoporous Systems With Concentration-Dependent Selectivity: Statistical Mechanical Modeling, Andrés García, Jing Wang, Theresa L. Windus, Aaron D. Sadow, James W. Evans Jun 2017

Catalytic Conversion Reactions In Nanoporous Systems With Concentration-Dependent Selectivity: Statistical Mechanical Modeling, Andrés García, Jing Wang, Theresa L. Windus, Aaron D. Sadow, James W. Evans

Theresa Windus

Statistical mechanical modeling is developed to describe a catalytic conversion reaction A→Bc or Bt with concentration-dependent selectivity of the products, Bc or Bt, where reaction occurs inside catalytic particles traversed by narrow linear nanopores. The associated restricted diffusive transport, which in the extreme case is described by single-file diffusion, naturally induces strong concentration gradients. Furthermore, by comparing kinetic Monte Carlo simulation results with analytic treatments, selectivity is shown to be impacted by strong spatial correlations induced by restricted diffusivity in the presence of reaction and also by a subtle clustering of reactants, A.


A High-Speed X-Ray Detector System For Noninvasive Fluid Flow Measurements, Timothy B. Morgan, Benjamin R. Halls, Terrence R. Meyer, Theodore J. Heindel Jun 2017

A High-Speed X-Ray Detector System For Noninvasive Fluid Flow Measurements, Timothy B. Morgan, Benjamin R. Halls, Terrence R. Meyer, Theodore J. Heindel

Theodore J. Heindel

The opaque nature of many multiphase flows has long posed a significant challenge to the visualization and measurement of desired characteristics. To overcome this difficulty, X-ray imaging, both in the form of radiography and computed tomography, has been used successfully to quantify various multiphase flow phenomena. However, the relatively low temporal resolution of typical X-ray systems limit their use to moderately slow flows and time-average values. This paper discusses the development of an X-ray detection system capable of high-speed radiographic imaging that can be used to visualize multiphase flows. Details of the hardware will be given and then applied to ...


Approximating A Three-Dimensional Fluidized Bed With Two-Dimensional Simulations, Mirka Deza, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel Jun 2017

Approximating A Three-Dimensional Fluidized Bed With Two-Dimensional Simulations, Mirka Deza, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel

Theodore J. Heindel

Fluidized beds can be used to gasify biomass in the production of producer gas, a flammable gas that can replace natural gas in process heating. Modeling these reactors with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations is advantageous when performing parametric studies for design and scale-up. From a computational resource point of view, two-dimensional simulations are easier to perform than three-dimensional simulations, but they may not capture the proper physics. This paper will compare two- and three-dimensional simulations in a 10.2 cm diameter fluidized bed with side air injection to determine when two-dimensional simulations are adequate to capture the bed hydrodynamics ...


A Validation Study For The Hydrodynamics Of Biomass In A Fluidized Bed, Mirka Deza, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel Jun 2017

A Validation Study For The Hydrodynamics Of Biomass In A Fluidized Bed, Mirka Deza, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel

Theodore J. Heindel

Computational modeling of fluidized beds can be used to predict operation of biomass gasifiers after extensive validation with experimental data. The present work focused on computational simulations of a fluidized bed using a multifluid Eulerian-Eulerian model to represent the gas and solid phases as interpenetrating continua. Hydrodynamic results from the simulations were quantitatively compared with X-ray flow visualization studies of a similar bed. It was found that the Gidaspow model can accurately predict the hydrodynamics of the biomass in a fluidized bed. The coefficient of restitution of biomass was fairly high and did not affect the hydrodynamics of the bed ...


Cavitation From A Butterfly Valve: Comparing 3d Simulations To 3d X-Ray Computed Tomography Flow Visualization, Graham Brett, Marc Riveland, Terrence C. Jensen, Theodore J. Heindel Jun 2017

Cavitation From A Butterfly Valve: Comparing 3d Simulations To 3d X-Ray Computed Tomography Flow Visualization, Graham Brett, Marc Riveland, Terrence C. Jensen, Theodore J. Heindel

Theodore J. Heindel

Flow control valves may experience localized cavitation when the local static pressure drops to the liquid vapor pressure. Localized damage to the valve and surrounding area can occur when the vapor cavity collapses. Valve designs that reduce cavitation are based on empirical evidence and accumulated experience, but there are still considerable cavitation problems in industry. Valve designers may use computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to simulate cavitation in flow control valves, but model validation is challenging because there are limited data of local cavitation from the valve surface. Typically, the intensity of cavitation in a control valve is inferred from measurements ...


Design Of Batrun Distributed Processing System, Fredy Tandiary, Suraj C. Kothari, Ashish Dixit Jun 2017

Design Of Batrun Distributed Processing System, Fredy Tandiary, Suraj C. Kothari, Ashish Dixit

Suraj Kothari

This paper discusses the design of BATRUN Distributed Processing System (DPS). We have developed this system to automate the execution of jobs in a cluster of workstations where machines belong to different owners. The objective is to use a general purpose cluster as one massive computer for processing large applications. In contrast to a dedicated cluster, the scheduling in BATRUN DPS must ensure that only the idle cycles are used for distributed computing and local users, when they are operating, have the full control of their machines. BATRUN DPS has several unique features: (1) group-based scheduling policy to ensure execution ...


Assessing Surface Flowpaths And Vegetative Buffers Using Arcgis Hydrologic Spatial Analysis For Rock Creek Watershed, Central Iowa, M. Bansal, S. K. Mickelson, M. J. Helmers, K. Arora, D. Webber, B. K. Gelder, M. Shrivastav, C. J. Judge Jun 2017

Assessing Surface Flowpaths And Vegetative Buffers Using Arcgis Hydrologic Spatial Analysis For Rock Creek Watershed, Central Iowa, M. Bansal, S. K. Mickelson, M. J. Helmers, K. Arora, D. Webber, B. K. Gelder, M. Shrivastav, C. J. Judge

Steven K. Mickelson

Non point-source (NPS) pollution is a major cause of surface water quality degradation due to the transport of chemicals, nutrients, and sediments into lakes and streams. Vegetative buffers comprise several effective landscape Best Management Practices (BMPs) that include Vegetative Filter Strip (VFS) buffers, grassed waterways, terraces, and wetlands. However, some BMPs are ineffective due to concentrated surface flow, improper cropland/contributing area to VFS buffer area ratios, and flowpaths that completely bypass vegetative buffers. The primary objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of VFS buffers and other vegetative BMPs to intercept surface runoff by quantifying the accuracy ...


Increased Abundance And First Breeding Record Of The Neotropic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax Brasilianus) On The Alluvial Plain Of Mississippi, Katie C. Hanson, Travis L. Devault, Stephen J. Dinsmore Jun 2017

Increased Abundance And First Breeding Record Of The Neotropic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax Brasilianus) On The Alluvial Plain Of Mississippi, Katie C. Hanson, Travis L. Devault, Stephen J. Dinsmore

Stephen J Dinsmore

Phalacrocorax brasilianus (Neotropic Cormorant) has been observed with increasing frequency in the alluvial plain (Delta region) of Mississippi. In the past 6 years, 22 individuals have been observed in 20 separate sightings during spring and summer. These sightings have occurred at breeding colonies of other colonial waterbirds and commercial aquaculture facilities of Ictalurus punctatus (Channel Catfi sh). Two sexually mature Neotropic Cormorants have been collected at a colonial waterbird breeding colony near the Mississippi River in the western Delta region among fl ocks of Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorants). Twice during the summer of 2008, confi rmed nesting of Neotropic Cormorants ...


Range Expansion Of The Great-Tailed Grackle In The 1900s, James J. Dinsmore, Stephen J. Dinsmore Jun 2017

Range Expansion Of The Great-Tailed Grackle In The 1900s, James J. Dinsmore, Stephen J. Dinsmore

Stephen J Dinsmore

In 1900, the range of the Great-tailed Grackle extended north of the Mexican border only into Texas. Since then, it has expanded its range greatly. It now nests in 14 states and has strayed to an additional eight states and three Canadian provinces. Much of this expansion has occurred since 1960. Great-tails often stray far from their normal range, especially in spring. Most of these strays are single individuals. In states where they have nested, breeding birds typically reach the state a few years after the first reports of the species. Great-tailed Grackles do well in a variety of human ...


Food Habits Of The Northern Saw-Whet Owl M Central Iowa: Effects Of Roost Location, Stephen J. Dinsmore, William R. Clark Jun 2017

Food Habits Of The Northern Saw-Whet Owl M Central Iowa: Effects Of Roost Location, Stephen J. Dinsmore, William R. Clark

Stephen J Dinsmore

During the period 1979-89, 900 northern saw-whet owl (Aegolius acadicus) pellets with identifable remains of prey were collected at 18 central Iowa locations. Peromyscus were the most frequent prey consumed, comprising 81.2% of all prey items. Other prey species were voles (Microtus), western harvest mice (Reithrodontomys megalotis), shrews (Blarina brevicauda, Sorex cinereus, and Cryptotis parva), and a single unidentified bird. Peromyscus comprised the largest proportion of pellets from different successional stages. There were significant differences for four prey groups (Peromyscus, Microtus, Reithrodontomys, and shrews) among years. Peromyscus and R. megalotis showed significant differences among locations. Microtus and shrews were ...


Mountain Plover Population Responses To Black-Tailed Prairie Dogs In Montana, Stephen J. Dinsmore, Gary C. White, Fritz L. Knopf Jun 2017

Mountain Plover Population Responses To Black-Tailed Prairie Dogs In Montana, Stephen J. Dinsmore, Gary C. White, Fritz L. Knopf

Stephen J Dinsmore

We studied a local population of mountain plovers (Charadrius montanus) in southern Phillips County, Montana, USA, from 1995 to 2000 to estimate annual rates of recruitment rate (f) and population change (λ). We used Pradel models, and we modeled λ as a constant across years, as a linear time trend, as year-specific, and with an additive effect of area occupied by prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus). We modeled recruitment rate (f) as a function of area occupied by prairie dogs with the remaining model structure identical to the best model used to estimate λ. Our results indicated a strong negative effect ...


Using Variance Components To Estimate Power In A Hierarchically Nested Sampling Design, Maria Dzul, Philip M. Dixon, Michael C. Quist, Stephen J. Dinsmore, Michael R. Bower, Kevin P. Wilson, D. Bailey Gaines Jun 2017

Using Variance Components To Estimate Power In A Hierarchically Nested Sampling Design, Maria Dzul, Philip M. Dixon, Michael C. Quist, Stephen J. Dinsmore, Michael R. Bower, Kevin P. Wilson, D. Bailey Gaines

Stephen J Dinsmore

We used variance components to assess allocation of sampling effort in a hierarchically nested sampling design for ongoing monitoring of early life history stages of the federally endangered Devils Hole pupfish (DHP) (Cyprinodon diabolis). Sampling design for larval DHP included surveys (5 days each spring 2007–2009), events, and plots. Each survey was comprised of three counting events, where DHP larvae on nine plots were counted plot by plot. Statistical analysis of larval abundance included three components: (1) evaluation of power from various sample size combinations, (2) comparison of power in fixed and random plot designs, and (3) assessment of ...