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Articles 1 - 30 of 69747

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

An Optimal Threshold Strategy In The Two-Envelope Problem With Partial Information, Martin Egozcue, Luis Fuentes García Oct 2015

An Optimal Threshold Strategy In The Two-Envelope Problem With Partial Information, Martin Egozcue, Luis Fuentes García

Martin Egozcue

No abstract provided.


A Comparative Study Of The Oxidation Characteristics Of Two Gasoline Fuels And An N-Heptane/Iso-Octane Surrogate Mixture, Tamour Javed, Ehson F. Nasir, Et-Touhami Es-Sebbar, Aamir Farooq Jan 2015

A Comparative Study Of The Oxidation Characteristics Of Two Gasoline Fuels And An N-Heptane/Iso-Octane Surrogate Mixture, Tamour Javed, Ehson F. Nasir, Et-Touhami Es-Sebbar, Aamir Farooq

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

Ignition delay times and CO, H2O, OH and CO2 time-histories were measured behind reflected shock waves for two FACE (Fuels for Advanced Combustion Engines) gasolines and one PRF (Primary Reference Fuel) blend. The FACE gasolines chosen for this work are primarily paraffinic and have the same octane rating (∼RON = 84) as the PRF blend, but contain varying amounts of iso- and n-paraffins. Species time-histories and ignition delay times were measured using laser absorption methods over a temperature range of 1350–1550 K and pressures near 2 atm. Measured species time-histories and ignition delay times of the PRF blend and the ...


Alignment Of The Western And Eastern Passage Tombs At Knowth Tomb 1, Frank Prendergast, Tom Ray Jan 2015

Alignment Of The Western And Eastern Passage Tombs At Knowth Tomb 1, Frank Prendergast, Tom Ray

Book/Book Chapter

This report presents a summary account of two surveys undertaken by the authors to determine and interpret the alignments of the western and eastern passage tombs at Knowth, Co. Meath. The findings indicate that contrary to earlier suggestions, the eastern passage and the western passage (inner and outer) are not aligned towards sunrise and sunset respectively at the period of the vernal and autumnal equinoxes.


Functional Regression, Jeffrey S. Morris Jan 2015

Functional Regression, Jeffrey S. Morris

Jeffrey S. Morris

Functional data analysis (FDA) involves the analysis of data whose ideal units of observation are functions defined on some continuous domain, and the observed data consist of a sample of functions taken from some population, sampled on a discrete grid. Ramsay and Silverman's 1997 textbook sparked the development of this field, which has accelerated in the past 10 years to become one of the fastest growing areas of statistics, fueled by the growing number of applications yielding this type of data. One unique characteristic of FDA is the need to combine information both across and within functions, which Ramsay ...


Matlab Programs, David D. Nolte Jan 2015

Matlab Programs, David D. Nolte

David D Nolte

No abstract provided.


Appendix, David D. Nolte Jan 2015

Appendix, David D. Nolte

David D Nolte

No abstract provided.


Joint Search By Social And Spatial Proximity, Kyriakos Mouratidis, Jing Li, Yu Tang, Nikos Mamoulis Jan 2015

Joint Search By Social And Spatial Proximity, Kyriakos Mouratidis, Jing Li, Yu Tang, Nikos Mamoulis

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

The diffusion of social networks introduces new challenges and opportunities for advanced services, especially so with their ongoing addition of location-based features. We show how applications like company and friend recommendation could significantly benefit from incorporating social and spatial proximity, and study a query type that captures these two-fold semantics. We develop highly scalable algorithms for its processing, and enhance them with elaborate optimizations. Finally, we use real social network data to empirically verify the efficiency and efficacy of our solutions.


Notes And Errata, David D. Nolte Jan 2015

Notes And Errata, David D. Nolte

David D Nolte

No abstract provided.


Intelligent Firefly Algorithm For Global Optimization, Seif-Eddeen K. Fateen, Adrián Bonilla-Petriciolet Nov 2014

Intelligent Firefly Algorithm For Global Optimization, Seif-Eddeen K. Fateen, Adrián Bonilla-Petriciolet

Seif-Eddeen K Fateen

Intelligent firefly algorithm (IFA) is a novel global optimization algorithm that aims to improve the performance of the firefly algorithm (FA), whichwas inspired by the flashing communication signals among firefly swarms. This chapter introduces the IFA modification and evaluates its performance in comparison with the original algorithm in twenty multi-dimensional benchmark problems. The results of those numerical experiments show that IFA outperformed FA in terms of reliability and effectiveness in all tested benchmark problems. In some cases, the global minimum could not have been successfully identified via the firefly algorithm, except with the proposed modification for FA.


Measuring Privacy Disclosures In Url Query Strings, Andrew G. West, Adam J. Aviv Nov 2014

Measuring Privacy Disclosures In Url Query Strings, Andrew G. West, Adam J. Aviv

Andrew G. West

Publicly posted URLs may contain a wealth of information about the identities and activities of the users who share them. URLs often utilize query strings (i.e., key-value pairs appended to the URL path) as a means to pass session parameters and form data. While often benign and necessary to render the web page, query strings sometimes contain tracking mechanisms, user names, email addresses, and other information that users may not wish to publicly reveal. In isolation this is not particularly problematic, but the growth of Web 2.0 platforms such as social networks and micro-blogging means URLs (often copy-pasted ...


An Analysis Of Mayo Clinic Search Query Logs For Cardiovascular Diseases, Ashutosh Sopan Jadhav, Amit P. Sheth, Jyotishman Pathak Nov 2014

An Analysis Of Mayo Clinic Search Query Logs For Cardiovascular Diseases, Ashutosh Sopan Jadhav, Amit P. Sheth, Jyotishman Pathak

Kno.e.sis Publications

Increasingly, individuals are taking active participation in learning and managing their health by leveraging online resources. Understanding online health information searching behavior can help us to study what health topics users search for and how search queries are formulated. In this work, we analyzed 10 million cardiovascular diseases (CVD) related search queries from MayoClinic.com. We performed semantic analysis on the queries using UMLS MetaMap and analyzed structural and textual properties as well as linguistic characteristics of the queries.


Online Information Searching For Cardiovascular Diseases: An Analysis Of Mayo Clinic Search Query Logs, Ashutosh Sopan Jadhav, Amit P. Sheth, Jyotishman Pathak Nov 2014

Online Information Searching For Cardiovascular Diseases: An Analysis Of Mayo Clinic Search Query Logs, Ashutosh Sopan Jadhav, Amit P. Sheth, Jyotishman Pathak

Kno.e.sis Publications

Since the early 2000’s, Internet usage for health information searching has increased significantly. Studying search queries can help us to understand users “information need” and how do they formulate search queries (“expression of information need”). Although cardiovascular diseases (CVD) affect a large percentage of the population, few studies have investigated how and what users search for CVD. We address this knowledge gap in the community by analyzing a large corpus of 10 million CVD related search queries from MayoClinic.com. Using UMLS MetaMap and UMLS semantic types/concepts, we developed a rule-based approach to categorize the queries into 14 ...


"Be Our Guest:" Crafting A Magical Client Experience, Rebecca Klein, Kevin Steele Nov 2014

"Be Our Guest:" Crafting A Magical Client Experience, Rebecca Klein, Kevin Steele

Information Technology Faculty and Staff Publications

The Client Services team of Valparaiso University’s IT department found inspiration in Disney’s guest service models and has been building a culture of superior service throughout IT. Come along on a magic carpet ride to discover how this new world is transforming delivery of technological services to the campus. From Help Desk to training to assessment, we are increasing satisfaction levels among campus constituents as we meet their needs. We will show how we created a guest service compass that guides our decision-making and service delivery. Further, we will share areas where we learned we were creating our ...


Imls Place Grant: Press Release 2, Place Project Group Oct 2014

Imls Place Grant: Press Release 2, Place Project Group

PLACE Project

Press release dated October 25, 2014, describing the PLACE (Position-based Location Archive Coordinate Explorer) project that is funded by the Institute for Museum and Library Services. The University of New Hampshire (UNH) library partnered with the UNH Earth Systems Research Center to develop a geospatial interface that is searchable by geospatial coordinates.

Sent to the Geoportal Web page (Patrick Florence).


Enhanced Precision In The Analysis Of Randomized Trials With Ordinal Outcomes, Iván Díaz, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Michael Rosenblum Oct 2014

Enhanced Precision In The Analysis Of Randomized Trials With Ordinal Outcomes, Iván Díaz, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Michael Rosenblum

Johns Hopkins University, Dept. of Biostatistics Working Papers

We present a general method for estimating the effect of a treatment on an ordinal outcome in randomized trials. The method is robust in that it does not rely on the proportional odds assumption. Our estimator leverages information in prognostic baseline variables, and has all of the following properties: (i) it is consistent; (ii) it is locally efficient; (iii) it is guaranteed to match or improve the precision of the standard, unadjusted estimator. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first estimator of the causal relation between a treatment and an ordinal outcome to satisfy these properties. We ...


The Figure Of Bitu-Man, Paul Royster Oct 2014

The Figure Of Bitu-Man, Paul Royster

Faculty Publications, UNL Libraries

The ominously imposing figure in the above illustration is “the Syncrude bird deterrent device, locally known as ‘Bitu-man’.” He stands (or stood—the original image was from the late 1970s) in the tailings pond of the Syncrude Canada Ltd. oil sands mining operation along the Athabasca River near Fort McMurray in northeastern Alberta. That operation surface mines (i.e., strip mines) bitumen-impregnated sand, processes it with hot water and steam, and discharges the liquid effluent or “tailings” into a pond covering roughly 3000 hectares (11 square miles). (Google Map coordinates: 56.9°N, -111.3° W). Residue bitumen collects on ...


The Status Of Fishes In The Missouri River, Nebraska: Lake Sturgeon (Acipenser Fulvescens), Kirk D. Steffensen, Sam Stukel, Dane A. Shuman Oct 2014

The Status Of Fishes In The Missouri River, Nebraska: Lake Sturgeon (Acipenser Fulvescens), Kirk D. Steffensen, Sam Stukel, Dane A. Shuman

Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences and Affiliated Societies

Lake Sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens) occurrences in the Missouri River along Nebraska’s eastern border are historically sporadic and rare. Presently, the wild Lake Sturgeon population in this river reach may be extirpated. A Recovery Program initiated by the Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) has stocked almost 150,000 hatchery-reared Lake Sturgeon into the lower Missouri River at several sites in Missouri. As a result, the number of Lake Sturgeon collected has increased. Since monitoring began in 2003, no Lake Sturgeon have been collected above Gavins Point Dam while 40 fish were collected downstream of Gavins Point Dam. The majority of ...


Sigma Gamma Epsilon Undergraduate Research, Larry E. Davis Oct 2014

Sigma Gamma Epsilon Undergraduate Research, Larry E. Davis

The Compass: Earth Science Journal of Sigma Gamma Epsilon

Fifty-two abstracts of student-authored research have been accepted for presentation in the Sigma Gamma Epsilon Undergraduate Research poster session at the Geological Society of America annual meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The poster session will be held on Tuesday, 21 October 2014, 9:00 AM to 6:30 PM, in the Vancouver Convention Centre-West Exhibition Hall C. Authors will be present from 9:00 to 11:00 AM, and 5:00 to 6:30 PM.


Conesus Lake Fish Stock Assessments 2001-2009, Matthew J. Sanderson Oct 2014

Conesus Lake Fish Stock Assessments 2001-2009, Matthew J. Sanderson

Government Documents

Warm water fisheries assessments using standard gangs of gill nets were conducted in Conesus Lake in September of 2001, 2004, and 2009. The purpose of the surveys was to assess the fish community; the contribution of stocked fingerlings to the walleye (Sander vitreus) population; estimate population characteristics of walleye, smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieui), and northern pike (Esox lucius); compare fish community structure to previous surveys; and guide the development of appropriate management recommendations. From the 1990’s to the 2000’s, species dominance shifted from walleye to sunfish (Lepomis, sp.), and yellow perch (Perca flavescens) went from being a major ...


Pre-Breakdown Arcing And Electrostatic Discharge In Dielectrics Under High Dc Electric Field Stress, Allen Andersen, Jr Dennison Oct 2014

Pre-Breakdown Arcing And Electrostatic Discharge In Dielectrics Under High Dc Electric Field Stress, Allen Andersen, Jr Dennison

Presentations

No abstract provided.


Charge Transport And Electron Emission Of Disordered Materials: Extensions Of The Walden-Wintle Model For Charge Injection With Electron Beams, Jr Dennison, Alec Sim, Gregory Wilson, Jodie C. Gillespie Oct 2014

Charge Transport And Electron Emission Of Disordered Materials: Extensions Of The Walden-Wintle Model For Charge Injection With Electron Beams, Jr Dennison, Alec Sim, Gregory Wilson, Jodie C. Gillespie

Presentations

No abstract provided.


Applications Of The Wei-Lachin Multivariate One-Sided Test For Multiple Outcomes On Possibly Different Scales, John M. Lachin Oct 2014

Applications Of The Wei-Lachin Multivariate One-Sided Test For Multiple Outcomes On Possibly Different Scales, John M. Lachin

GW Biostatistics Center Faculty Publications

Many studies aim to assess whether a therapy has a beneficial effect on multiple outcomes simultaneously relative to a control. Often the joint null hypothesis of no difference for the set of outcomes is tested using separate tests with a correction for multiple tests, or using a multivariate T2-like MANOVA or global test. However, a more powerful test in this case is a multivariate one-sided or one-directional test directed at detecting a simultaneous beneficial treatment effect on each outcome, though not necessarily of the same magnitude. The Wei-Lachin test is a simple 1 df test obtained from a simple ...


Comparing Near-Regional And Local Measurements Of Infrasound From Mount Erebus, Antarctica: Implications For Monitoring, A. L. Dabrowa, D. N. Green, J. B. Johnson, J. C. Phillips, A. C. Rust Oct 2014

Comparing Near-Regional And Local Measurements Of Infrasound From Mount Erebus, Antarctica: Implications For Monitoring, A. L. Dabrowa, D. N. Green, J. B. Johnson, J. C. Phillips, A. C. Rust

Geosciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Local (100s of meters from vent) monitoring of volcanic infrasound is a common tool at volcanoes characterized by frequent low-magnitude eruptions, but it is generally not safe or practical to have sensors so close to the vent during more intense eruptions. To investigate the potential and limitations of monitoring at near-regional ranges (10s of km) we studied infrasound detection and propagation at Mount Erebus, Antarctica. This site has both a good local monitoring network and an additional International Monitoring System infrasound array, IS55, located 25 km away. We compared data recorded at IS55 with a set of 117 known Strombolian ...


Evidence Of Large Scale Tectonic Processes On The Tharsis Rise, Mars, Genevieve Kidman, John S. Maclean, David Maxwell Oct 2014

Evidence Of Large Scale Tectonic Processes On The Tharsis Rise, Mars, Genevieve Kidman, John S. Maclean, David Maxwell

The Compass: Earth Science Journal of Sigma Gamma Epsilon

Past observations of Mars have led scientists to believe that tectonic kinematics stopped early in its planetary development. Recent exploration of Mars has led to new theories that support an active tectonic regime on the Tharsis rise. With the advancement of new satellite imagery and technologies such as Thermal Emission Imaging System, High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment satellite imagery, the Mars Orbital Laser Altimeter, and interactive software such as J-Mars and Esri GIS, we have identified additional large-scale surface features in the Tharsis Rise and surrounding areas. Large-scale Martian lineations, folds, and conjugate joints can be compared to similar structures ...


Five Tectonic Settings In Five National Parks And Forests: A Field Camp Experience, Spencer Francisco, John S. Maclean Oct 2014

Five Tectonic Settings In Five National Parks And Forests: A Field Camp Experience, Spencer Francisco, John S. Maclean

The Compass: Earth Science Journal of Sigma Gamma Epsilon

In summer 2014, Southern Utah University’s field camp visited five national parks and forests to study five different tectonic settings in five weeks. These included: thick-skinned contraction of the Laramide Orogeny at Capitol Reef National Park; normal faulting due to salt tectonics of the Paradox Formation at Arches National Park; thin-skinned folding and thrusting of the Sevier Orogeny at Fish Lake National Forest and Kolob Canyon of Zion National Park; foreland sedimentary transitions in the Book’s Cliffs areas of Utah; thrusting and conjugate fracture development due to the gravitational collapse of the Marysvale volcanic field at Bryce Canyon ...


Letter From Sge National Secretary, James Walters Oct 2014

Letter From Sge National Secretary, James Walters

The Compass: Earth Science Journal of Sigma Gamma Epsilon

No abstract provided.


Letter From Sge President, Erika Elswick Oct 2014

Letter From Sge President, Erika Elswick

The Compass: Earth Science Journal of Sigma Gamma Epsilon

No abstract provided.


Optimal Bayesian Adaptive Trials When Treatment Efficacy Depends On Biomarkers, Yifan Zhang, Lorenzo Trippa, Giovanni Parmigiani Oct 2014

Optimal Bayesian Adaptive Trials When Treatment Efficacy Depends On Biomarkers, Yifan Zhang, Lorenzo Trippa, Giovanni Parmigiani

Harvard University Biostatistics Working Paper Series

No abstract provided.


K. Dots To Data: Manufacturing Digital Seismic Traces From Scanned Images Of The Paper Sign Bit: Sections From The 1970 Flathead Lake Seismic Survey, Robert W. Lankston Oct 2014

K. Dots To Data: Manufacturing Digital Seismic Traces From Scanned Images Of The Paper Sign Bit: Sections From The 1970 Flathead Lake Seismic Survey, Robert W. Lankston

Flathead Lake Seismic Survey

This lecture was presented by Robert W. Lankston on October 13, 2014 in the University of Montana, Department of Geosciences Colloquium Lecture Series.

The thesis is offered that more value can be gained from the 1970 Flathead Lake seismic sections if they are converted to digital traces and georegistered for easy use in a modern seismic workstation and for processing with modern deconvolution and migration tools. A time line with three segments from the early 1960’s to the present shows the mid-1960’s to mid-1970’s era that includes the summer when the Flathead Lake data were recorded, a ...


Hiv Testing Implementation In Two Urban Cities: Practice, Policy And Perceived Barriers, Camden J. Hallmark, Jennifer Skillicorn, Thomas P. Giordano, Jessica A. Davila, Marlene Mcneese, Nestor Rocha, Avemaria Smith, Stacey Cooper, Amanda D. Castel Oct 2014

Hiv Testing Implementation In Two Urban Cities: Practice, Policy And Perceived Barriers, Camden J. Hallmark, Jennifer Skillicorn, Thomas P. Giordano, Jessica A. Davila, Marlene Mcneese, Nestor Rocha, Avemaria Smith, Stacey Cooper, Amanda D. Castel

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Faculty Publications

Background

Although funding has supported the scale up of routine, opt-out HIV testing in the US, variance in implementation mechanisms and barriers in high-burden jurisdictions remains unknown.

Methods

We conducted a survey of health care organizations in Washington, DC and Houston/Harris County to determine number of HIV tests completed in 2011, policy and practices associated with HIV testing, funding mechanisms, and reported barriers to testing in each jurisdiction and to compare results between jurisdictions.

Results

In 2012, 43 Houston and 35 DC HIV-testing organizations participated in the survey. Participants represented 85% of Department of Health-supported testers in DC and ...