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Articles 1 - 30 of 60181

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

An Optimal Threshold Strategy In The Two-Envelope Problem With Partial Information, Martin Egozcue, Luis Fuentes García Oct 2015

An Optimal Threshold Strategy In The Two-Envelope Problem With Partial Information, Martin Egozcue, Luis Fuentes García

Martin Egozcue

No abstract provided.


Alignment Of The Western And Eastern Passage Tombs At Knowth Tomb 1, Frank Prendergast, Tom Ray Jan 2015

Alignment Of The Western And Eastern Passage Tombs At Knowth Tomb 1, Frank Prendergast, Tom Ray

Book/Book Chapter

This report presents a summary account of two surveys undertaken by the authors to determine and interpret the alignments of the western and eastern passage tombs at Knowth, Co. Meath. The findings indicate that contrary to earlier suggestions, the eastern passage and the western passage (inner and outer) are not aligned towards sunrise and sunset respectively at the period of the vernal and autumnal equinoxes.


Charge Transport And Electron Emission Of Disordered Materials: Extensions Of The Walden-Wintle Model For Charge Injection With Electron Beams, Jr Dennison, Alec Sim, Gregory Wilson, Jodie C. Gillespie Oct 2014

Charge Transport And Electron Emission Of Disordered Materials: Extensions Of The Walden-Wintle Model For Charge Injection With Electron Beams, Jr Dennison, Alec Sim, Gregory Wilson, Jodie C. Gillespie

Presentations

No abstract provided.


Pre-Breakdown Arcing And Electrostatic Discharge In Dielectrics Under High Dc Electric Field Stress, Allen Andersen, Jr Dennison Oct 2014

Pre-Breakdown Arcing And Electrostatic Discharge In Dielectrics Under High Dc Electric Field Stress, Allen Andersen, Jr Dennison

Presentations

No abstract provided.


Small Satellite Space Environments Effects Test Facility, Jr Dennison, Justin Dekany, Kent Hartley, James S. Dyer, Robert H. Johnson Aug 2014

Small Satellite Space Environments Effects Test Facility, Jr Dennison, Justin Dekany, Kent Hartley, James S. Dyer, Robert H. Johnson

Presentations

No abstract provided.


One-Dimensional Weakly Nonlinear Model Equations For Rossby Waves, David Henry, Rossen Ivanov Aug 2014

One-Dimensional Weakly Nonlinear Model Equations For Rossby Waves, David Henry, Rossen Ivanov

Articles

In this study we explore several possibilities for modelling weakly nonlinear Rossby waves in fluid of constant depth, which propagate predominantly in one direction. The model equations obtained include the BBM equation, as well as the integrable KdV and Degasperis-Procesi equations.


Density Of State Models And Temperature Dependence Of Radiation Induced Conductivity, Jodie C. Gillespie, Jr Dennison, Alec Sim Jun 2014

Density Of State Models And Temperature Dependence Of Radiation Induced Conductivity, Jodie C. Gillespie, Jr Dennison, Alec Sim

Presentations

No abstract provided.


Defects Density Of States Model Of Cathodoluminescent Intensity And Spectra Of Disordered Sio2, Amberly Evans Jensen, Jr Dennison Jun 2014

Defects Density Of States Model Of Cathodoluminescent Intensity And Spectra Of Disordered Sio2, Amberly Evans Jensen, Jr Dennison

Presentations

No abstract provided.


Electrostatic Discharge And Endurance Time Measurements Of Spacecraft Materials: A Defect-Driven Dynamic Model, Allen Andersen, Jr Dennison, Alec Sim, Charles Sim Jun 2014

Electrostatic Discharge And Endurance Time Measurements Of Spacecraft Materials: A Defect-Driven Dynamic Model, Allen Andersen, Jr Dennison, Alec Sim, Charles Sim

Presentations

No abstract provided.


Synergistic Models Of Electron Emission And Transport Measurements Of Disordered Sio2, Jr Dennison, Justin Dekany, Jodie C. Gillespie, Phil Lundgreen, Allen Andersen, Amberly Evans, Greg Wilson, Alec Sim, Ryan Carl Hoffmann Jun 2014

Synergistic Models Of Electron Emission And Transport Measurements Of Disordered Sio2, Jr Dennison, Justin Dekany, Jodie C. Gillespie, Phil Lundgreen, Allen Andersen, Amberly Evans, Greg Wilson, Alec Sim, Ryan Carl Hoffmann

Presentations

No abstract provided.


Variations In Cathodoluminescent Intensity Of Spacecraft Materials Exposed To Energetic Electron Bombardment, Justin Dekany, Justin Christensen, Jr Dennison, Amberly Evans, Greg Wilson, Todd Schneider, Charles W. Bowers, Robert H. Meloy Jun 2014

Variations In Cathodoluminescent Intensity Of Spacecraft Materials Exposed To Energetic Electron Bombardment, Justin Dekany, Justin Christensen, Jr Dennison, Amberly Evans, Greg Wilson, Todd Schneider, Charles W. Bowers, Robert H. Meloy

Presentations

No abstract provided.


Measurements Of Intrinsic Electron Emission Yields Of High Resistivity Ceramic Materials, Justin Dekany, Jr Dennison, Ryan Carl Hoffmann, Clint D. Thomson, Ender Savrun Jun 2014

Measurements Of Intrinsic Electron Emission Yields Of High Resistivity Ceramic Materials, Justin Dekany, Jr Dennison, Ryan Carl Hoffmann, Clint D. Thomson, Ender Savrun

Presentations

No abstract provided.


Study Of Nonlinear Vibration Of Euler-Bernoulli Beams By Using Analytical Approximate Techniques, Saman Bagheri, Ali Nikkar Jun 2014

Study Of Nonlinear Vibration Of Euler-Bernoulli Beams By Using Analytical Approximate Techniques, Saman Bagheri, Ali Nikkar

Ali Nikkar

In this paper, nonlinear responses of a clamped-clamped buckled beam are investigated. Two efficient and easy mathematical techniques called He’s Variational Approach and Laplace Iteration Method are used to solve the governing differential equation of motion. To assess the accuracy of solutions, we compare the results with the Runge-Kutta 4th order. The results show that both methods can be easily extended to other nonlinear oscillations and it can be predicted that both methods can be found widely applicable in engineering and physics.


Free Energies In A General Non-Local Theory Of A Material With Memory, Giovambattista Amendola, Mauro Fabrizio, Murrough Golden Jun 2014

Free Energies In A General Non-Local Theory Of A Material With Memory, Giovambattista Amendola, Mauro Fabrizio, Murrough Golden

Articles

A general theory of non-local materials, with linear constitutive equations and memory effects, is developed within a thermodynamic framework. Several free energy and dissipation functionals are constructed and explored. These include an expression for the minimum free energy and a functional that is a free energy for important categories of memory kernels and is explicitly a functional of the minimal state. The functionals discussed have a similar general form to the corresponding expressions for simple materials. A number of new results are derived for them, most of which apply equally to both types of material. In particular, detailed formulae are ...


Ligand-Receptor Interactions For Supramolecular Disassembly With Applications In Screening And Drug Delivery, Diego F. Amado Torres May 2014

Ligand-Receptor Interactions For Supramolecular Disassembly With Applications In Screening And Drug Delivery, Diego F. Amado Torres

Diego Amado Torres

Proteins have the capacity to bind specific sets of compounds known as ligands, these are small molecules with a recurrent theme in their molecular design that is a characteristic exploited here to (i) identify particular affinities of small molecules for proteins with the aim of using them as ligands, inhibitors, or targeting moieties in more complex systems by means of a methodology that screens small molecules based on protein affinity; (ii) decorate a self-assembling supramolecular system at different positions, making it responsive to a complementary protein with the aim of exploring differences in disassembly and sensitivity of the release of ...


Decaf: A New Event Detection Logic For The Purpose Of Fusing Delineated-Continuous Spatial Information, Kerry Q. Hart May 2014

Decaf: A New Event Detection Logic For The Purpose Of Fusing Delineated-Continuous Spatial Information, Kerry Q. Hart

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Geospatial information fusion is the process of synthesizing information from complementary data sources located at different points in space and time. Spatial phenomena are often measured at discrete locations by sensor networks, technicians, and volunteers; yet decisions often require information about locations where direct measurements do not exist. Traditional methods assume the spatial phenomena to be either discrete or continuous, an assumption that underlies and informs all subsequent analysis. Yet certain phenomena defy this dichotomy, alternating as they move across spatial and temporal scales. Precipitation, for example, appears continuous at large scales, but it can be temporally decomposed into discrete ...


Magnetism Of Zn-Doped Sno2: Role Of Surfaces, Pushpa Raghani, Balaji Ramanujam May 2014

Magnetism Of Zn-Doped Sno2: Role Of Surfaces, Pushpa Raghani, Balaji Ramanujam

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Surface effects on the magnetization of Zn-doped SnO2 are investigated using first principles method. Magnetic behavior of Zn-doped bulk and highest and lowest energy surfaces—(001) and (110), respectively, are investigated in presence and absence of other intrinsic defects. The Zn-doped (110) and (001) surfaces of SnO2 show appreciable increase in the magnetic moment (MM) compared to Zn-doped bulk SnO2. Formation energies of Zn defects on both the surfaces are found to be lower than those in bulk SnO2. Zn doping favors the formation of oxygen vacancies. The density of states analysis on the Zn-doped (110 ...


Initial Characterization Of A Conserved Active Site Residue For The Cdc34 Ubiquitin Conjugating Enzyme, Arvin Akoopie May 2014

Initial Characterization Of A Conserved Active Site Residue For The Cdc34 Ubiquitin Conjugating Enzyme, Arvin Akoopie

Theses

Ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes (E2s) covalently modify protein substrates with ubiquitins. The active site cysteine residues on E2s are essential for catalyzing the transfer of ubiquitin from the E2 active site onto the protein substrate, however there is a limited amount of information available concerning additional active site residues for E2s that may also participate in catalysis. Cdc34 is an essential E2 that has merited the lion’s share of attention for biochemical analysis of the E2 family. Previous phylogenetic analysis of Cdc34 amino acid sequences has identified an invariably conserved histidine residue close to the active site cysteine in the primary ...


Tweet Mapper Visualization Software, Andrew W. Nash, Shawn M. Cox, Michael T. Adams May 2014

Tweet Mapper Visualization Software, Andrew W. Nash, Shawn M. Cox, Michael T. Adams

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Capturing And Analyzing Network Traffic From Common Mobile Devices For Security And Privacy, Billy Overton May 2014

Capturing And Analyzing Network Traffic From Common Mobile Devices For Security And Privacy, Billy Overton

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Mobile devices such as tablets and smartphones are becoming more common, and they are holding more information. This includes private information such as contacts, financial data, and passwords. At the same time these devices have network capability with access to the Internet being a prime feature. Little research has been done in observing the network traffic produced by these mobile devices. To determine if private information was being transmitted without user knowledge, the mobile capture lab and a set of procedures have been created to observe, capture and analyze the network traffic produced by mobile devices. The effectiveness of the ...


Understanding The Role Of Trust In Cooperation With Natural Resources Institutions, Joseph A. Hamm May 2014

Understanding The Role Of Trust In Cooperation With Natural Resources Institutions, Joseph A. Hamm

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Psychology

This dissertation investigates the role of trust in predicting cooperation with a natural resources management institution. It begins with an exploration of the legal landscape against which the relationship between land owners and natural resources management institutions is contextualized, presents a review of the often ostensibly disparate trust literature and a framework for its integration, and proposes and tests a model of trust and cooperation in the natural resources context. The results provide mixed support for the model as proposed but confirm the importance of trust in this context and suggest implications for policy, especially the potential importance of increasing ...


Traditional Lecture Versus An Activity Approach For Teaching Statistics: A Comparison Of Outcomes, Jennifer L. Loveland May 2014

Traditional Lecture Versus An Activity Approach For Teaching Statistics: A Comparison Of Outcomes, Jennifer L. Loveland

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Many educational researchers have proposed teaching statistics with less lecture and more active learning methods. However, there are only a few comparative studies that have taught one section of statistics with lectures and one section with activity-based methods; of those studies, the results are contradictory. To address the need for more research on the actual effectiveness of active learning methods in introductory statistics, this research study was undertaken.

An introductory, university level course was divided into two sections. One section was taught entirely with traditional lecture. The other section was taught using active learning methods and a minimal amount of ...


Aminoglycoside-Induced Sensitization Of Cancer Cells And Development Of Carbohydrate-Containing Drugs, Michael F. Cuccarese May 2014

Aminoglycoside-Induced Sensitization Of Cancer Cells And Development Of Carbohydrate-Containing Drugs, Michael F. Cuccarese

Chemistry Dissertations

Modern drug discovery requires that synthesis of compounds with unique structures and properties is performed in concert with in-depth research on the biological event being targeted. The synergy of these two components of drug discovery generates the meaningful data necessary for a hypothesis-driven approach toward novel therapeutics. Herein, research is presented that pertains both to the study of biological activity, as well as the development of novel synthetic methods.

While the bactericidal effects of aminoglycosides are well understood, their therapeutic potential in human cells is emerging. Herein, a novel use of this class of compounds in cancer therapy is described ...


Speleothems In Cova Des Pas De Vallgornera: Their Distribution And Characteristics Within An Extensive Coastal Cave From The Eogenetic Karst Of Southern Mallorca (Western Mediterranean), Antoni Merino, Joaquín Ginés, Paola Tuccimei, Michele Soligo, Joan Fornós May 2014

Speleothems In Cova Des Pas De Vallgornera: Their Distribution And Characteristics Within An Extensive Coastal Cave From The Eogenetic Karst Of Southern Mallorca (Western Mediterranean), Antoni Merino, Joaquín Ginés, Paola Tuccimei, Michele Soligo, Joan Fornós

International Journal of Speleology

The abundance and variety of speleothems are undoubtedly among the remarkable features of Cova des Pas de Vallgornera, the longest cave system in Mallorca Island developed in the eogenetic karst of its southern coast. Due to the monotonous carbonate lithology of the area, most of the speleothems are composed of calcite and in a few cases aragonite, although other minerals are also represented (e.g., gypsum, celestine, barite.). However, in spite of the rather common mineralogy of the speleothems, its distribution results strongly mediated by the lithologic and textural variability linked to the architecture of the Upper Miocene reefal rocks ...


Predicting Response In Mobile Advertising With Hierarchical Importance-Aware Factorization Machine, Richard Jayadi Oentaryo, Ee Peng Lim, David Jia Wei Low, David Lo, Michael Finegold May 2014

Predicting Response In Mobile Advertising With Hierarchical Importance-Aware Factorization Machine, Richard Jayadi Oentaryo, Ee Peng Lim, David Jia Wei Low, David Lo, Michael Finegold

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Mobile advertising has recently seen dramatic growth, fueled by the global proliferation of mobile phones and devices. The task of predicting ad response is thus crucial for maximizing business revenue. However, ad response data change dynamically over time, and are subject to cold-start situations in which limited history hinders reliable prediction. There is also a need for a robust regression estimation for high prediction accuracy, and good ranking to distinguish the impacts of different ads. To this end, we develop a Hierarchical Importance-aware Factorization Machine (HIFM), which provides an effective generic latent factor framework that incorporates importance weights and hierarchical ...


Microbe-Mineral Relationships And Biogenic Mineral Transformations In Actively Venting Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Sulfide Chimneys, Tzihsuan J. Lin May 2014

Microbe-Mineral Relationships And Biogenic Mineral Transformations In Actively Venting Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Sulfide Chimneys, Tzihsuan J. Lin

TZIHSUAN J LIN

This dissertation uses a combination of microbiology, mineralogy, and geochemistry to understand dissimilatory iron reduction in hyperthermophilic archaea and the role and potential impact of these and other vent microorganisms within active deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimneys. The central objective of the dissertation is to determine if mineral composition and chimney type are among the primary determinants of microbial community composition and hyperthermophilic, dissimilatory iron reducer growth, in addition to other environmental factors such as nutrient availability, temperature, pH, and chlorinity. This is done using samples and organisms collected from the Endeavour Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge in the ...


Fault And Fluid Interactions In The Elsinore Fault-West Salton Detachment Fault Damage Zones, Agua Caliente County Park, California, Rebekah Erin Wood May 2014

Fault And Fluid Interactions In The Elsinore Fault-West Salton Detachment Fault Damage Zones, Agua Caliente County Park, California, Rebekah Erin Wood

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study area provides a unique opportunity to study the intersection of the Elsinore and West Salton detachment faults in southern California, effusing warm springs, and alteration products in the midst of the fault intersection. Structural mapping and compiling previous maps supply an interpretation of the fault zone geometries within the Tierra Blanca Mountains. Geochemical analysis of the crystalline basement and altered protolith help determine the effects of faulting and fluid flow in the study area. In the Tierra Blanca Mountains, the Elsinore strike-slip fault system transitions from the double-stranded Julian segment and Earthquake Valley fault in the northwest, to ...


Dynamics Of And On Complex Networks, Arda Halu May 2014

Dynamics Of And On Complex Networks, Arda Halu

Physics Dissertations

Complex networks are dynamic, evolving structures that can host a great number of dynamical processes. In this thesis, we address current challenges regarding the dynamics of and dynamical processes on complex networks. First, we study complex network dynamics from the standpoint of network growth. As a quantitative measure of the complexity and information content of networks generated by growing network models, we define and evaluate their entropy rate. We propose stochastic growth models inspired by the duplication-divergence mechanism to generate epistatic interaction networks and find that they exhibit the property of monochromaticity as a result of their dynamical evolution. Second ...


Tapping The Apocalypse & Healing With Intention, Julianne E. Henderson Ms. Apr 2014

Tapping The Apocalypse & Healing With Intention, Julianne E. Henderson Ms.

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

When crisis strikes, practical skills and strategies are critical to one's survival. However, one's positive mentality, relationship with and knowledge of his or her environment, and capacity for compassion when faced with an apocalyptic landscape are just as likely to boost their morale. Maintaining an optimistic consciousness assists human beings with survival, regardless of what level of adversity we face. This research project combines an important skill, which is knowing how to heal oneself naturally with what Nature provides, with the power of our consciousness to determine our success, strength, and overall capacity for withstanding the hurricanes of ...


Data Processing For Oscillatory Pumping Tests, Tania Bakhos, Michael C. Cardiff, Warren Barrash, Peter K. Kitanidis Apr 2014

Data Processing For Oscillatory Pumping Tests, Tania Bakhos, Michael C. Cardiff, Warren Barrash, Peter K. Kitanidis

CGISS Publications and Presentations

Characterizing the subsurface is important for many hydrogeologic projects such as site remediation and groundwater resource exploration. Methods based on the analysis of conventional pumping tests have the notable disadvantage that at a certain distance, the signal is small relative to the noise due to the effects of recharge, pumping in neighboring wells, change in the level or adjacent streams, and other common disturbances. This work focuses on oscillatory pumping tests in which fluid is extracted for half a period, then reinjected. We discuss a major advantage of oscillatory pumping tests: small amplitude signals can be recovered from noisy data ...