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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Matrix Multiplication, Trilinear Decompositions, Apa Algorithms, And Summation, Victor Pan Jan 2016

Matrix Multiplication, Trilinear Decompositions, Apa Algorithms, And Summation, Victor Pan

Faculty Works

Matrix multiplication (hereafter we use the acronym MM) is among the most fundamental operations of modern computations. The efficiency of its performance depends on various factors, in particular vectorization, data movement and arithmetic complexity of the computations, but here we focus just on the study of the arithmetic cost and the impact of this study on other areas of modern computing. In the early 1970s it was expected that the straightforward cubic time algorithm for MM will soon be accelerated to enable MM in nearly quadratic arithmetic time, with some far fetched implications. While pursuing this goal the mainstream research ...


River Restoration: Institutions, Boundaries, And Social Ecological Dynamics, Eileen Sylvan Johnson Dec 2015

River Restoration: Institutions, Boundaries, And Social Ecological Dynamics, Eileen Sylvan Johnson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This human dimensions research, consisting of three manuscripts, explores the social and ecological dimensions of river restoration through an examination of the restoration trajectories of the Androscoggin, an impaired system, and the Kennebec, a restored system. Manuscript one examines the influence of biophysical and community attributes and institutional rules on policy stakeholders goals and actions within the two watersheds. For manuscripts one and two, we conducted semi-structured interviews with key informants, assembled documents pertaining to restoration actions, and conducted participant observation at stakeholder meetings. We qualitatively analyzed transcripts and documents. Results suggest that policy stakeholders’ understandings of biophysical and community ...


Simulation Of An Air Cooled Single-Effect Solar Absorption Cooling System With Evacuated Tube Collectors, Mohsen Jahandardoost Dec 2015

Simulation Of An Air Cooled Single-Effect Solar Absorption Cooling System With Evacuated Tube Collectors, Mohsen Jahandardoost

UNLV Theses/Dissertations/Professional Papers/Capstones

Consistently increasing CO2 emission and ozone depletion from synthetic refrigerants are serious environmental issues challenging the scientific community. Absorption cooling systems give scope of utilizing low grade energy source for generating cooling effect. Solar energy is one of these low grade energy sources and with considering the fact that cooling demand increases with the intensity of solar radiation, solar refrigeration has been considered as a logical solution.

This thesis consists of two different simulation stages, in the first stage, a single effect lithium bromide absorption cooling system with constant cooling capacity is modeled and the effect of ambient and generator ...


Pre-Breakdown Arcing As A Proxy For Dc Dielectric Breakdown Testing Of Polymeric Insulators, Jr Dennison, Allen Andersen Oct 2015

Pre-Breakdown Arcing As A Proxy For Dc Dielectric Breakdown Testing Of Polymeric Insulators, Jr Dennison, Allen Andersen

Presentations

No abstract provided.


Mixed Weibull Distribution Model Of Dc Dielectric Breakdowns With Dual Defect Modes, Allen Andersen, Jr Dennison Oct 2015

Mixed Weibull Distribution Model Of Dc Dielectric Breakdowns With Dual Defect Modes, Allen Andersen, Jr Dennison

Presentations

No abstract provided.


Prospective Doctoral Statment For The University Of Southern California's School Of Cinematic Arts Media Arts + Practice Program, Gabriel Leiner Oct 2015

Prospective Doctoral Statment For The University Of Southern California's School Of Cinematic Arts Media Arts + Practice Program, Gabriel Leiner

Gabriel Leiner

After visiting L.A. again and seeing the beautiful fountains on University of Southern California campus I am filled with all kinds of ideas about the future and brimming with energy. To all those at the University of Southern California's Cinematic Arts Department, thanks for reading my ideas over the past couple years and helping me to evolve and become a better person and a better writer. Starting a position as a doctoral student in the Media Arts + Practice Program in 2016 is an exciting opportunity. I've got a really positive outlook about Kiss The Water.


Comments On Public Lands: Title Transfer Proposals, Chuck Howe Oct 2015

Comments On Public Lands: Title Transfer Proposals, Chuck Howe

Challenging Federal Ownership and Management: Public Lands and Public Benefits (October 11-13)

3 pages.


An Optimal Threshold Strategy In The Two-Envelope Problem With Partial Information, Martin Egozcue, Luis Fuentes García Oct 2015

An Optimal Threshold Strategy In The Two-Envelope Problem With Partial Information, Martin Egozcue, Luis Fuentes García

Martin Egozcue

No abstract provided.


Evaluating Sub-Lethal Effects Of Orchard-Applied Pyrethroids Using Video-Tracking Software To Quantify Honey Bee Behaviors, Erin M. Ingram, Julie Augustin, Marion D. Ellis, Blair Siegfried Sep 2015

Evaluating Sub-Lethal Effects Of Orchard-Applied Pyrethroids Using Video-Tracking Software To Quantify Honey Bee Behaviors, Erin M. Ingram, Julie Augustin, Marion D. Ellis, Blair Siegfried

Faculty Publications: Department of Entomology

Managed honey bee, Apis mellifera L., colonies are contracted to pollinate fruit and nut orchards improving crop quality and yield. Colonies placed in orchards are potentially exposed to pyrethroid insecticides used for broad-spectrum pest control. Pyrethroids have been reported to pose minimal risk to bees due to their low application rates in the field and putative repellent properties. This repellency is believed to alter foraging behavior with the benefit of preventing bees from encountering a lethal dose in the field. However, sub-lethal exposure to pyrethroids may adversely impact bee behavior potentially resulting in social dysfunction or disruption of foraging.

This ...


Small Satellite Verification And Assessment Test Facility With Space Environments Effects Ground-Testing Capabilities, Eric Stromberg, Crystal Frazier, Lisa Montierth Phillipps, Alex Souvall, Jr Dennison, James S. Dyer Aug 2015

Small Satellite Verification And Assessment Test Facility With Space Environments Effects Ground-Testing Capabilities, Eric Stromberg, Crystal Frazier, Lisa Montierth Phillipps, Alex Souvall, Jr Dennison, James S. Dyer

Presentations

The Utah State University Space Dynamics Laboratory (SDL) and Materials Physics Group (MPG) have developed an extensive versatile and cost-effective pre-launch test capability for verification and assessment of small satellites, system components, and spacecraft materials. The facilities can perform environmental testing, component characterization, system level hardware in-the-loop testing, and qualification testing to ensure that each element is functional, reliable, and working per its design. Unique capabilities of SDL’s Nano-Satellite Operation Verification and Assessment (NOVA) test facility include: (i) mass and moment of inertia testing using a high resolution mass measurement table to determine the center of gravity and an ...


Chaotic Behavior In Monetary Systems: Comparison Among Different Types Of Taylor Rule, Reza Moosavi Mohseni Dr., Wenjun Zhang Dr., Jiling Cao Prof. Aug 2015

Chaotic Behavior In Monetary Systems: Comparison Among Different Types Of Taylor Rule, Reza Moosavi Mohseni Dr., Wenjun Zhang Dr., Jiling Cao Prof.

Reza Moosavi Mohseni

The aim of the present study is to detect the chaotic behavior in the monetary economic relevant dynamical system. The study employs three different forms of Taylor rules: current, forward and backward looking. The result suggests the existence of the chaotic behavior in all three systems. In addition, the results strongly represent that using expectations in policy rule especially rational expectation hypothesis can increase the complexity of the system and leads to more chaotic behavior.


Three-Dimensional Scaffolds Of Graphene, Carbon Nanotubes And Transition-Metal Oxides For Applications In Electronics, Sensors And Energy Storage, Gilbert N. Mbah Aug 2015

Three-Dimensional Scaffolds Of Graphene, Carbon Nanotubes And Transition-Metal Oxides For Applications In Electronics, Sensors And Energy Storage, Gilbert N. Mbah

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

Electronics, sensors and energy storage devices are the new waves behind economic development, security and communication1. Engineering small sizes of electronic, sensors and energy storage devices is the hurdle limiting efficient, portable and vast applications of Nano-devices for economic, security and communication advancement2. Silicon the major material used in transistors has approached its limit to fabricated Nano-devices3. The discovery of free standing, one atomic layer thick and two-dimensional graphene sheets with high conductivity, inert, high specific surface area, stable and high tensile strength material in 2004 has shown capabilities to replaced silicon in electronics, sensors and energy ...


Linkage Analysis And Compositional Studies Of Β-Glucan From Saccharomyces Cerevisiae And Compositional Studies Of Mannan From Candida Albicans, Clara Arthur Aug 2015

Linkage Analysis And Compositional Studies Of Β-Glucan From Saccharomyces Cerevisiae And Compositional Studies Of Mannan From Candida Albicans, Clara Arthur

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The efficacy of a novel carbohydrate extraction procedure was investigated with methylation analysis and alditol acetate method by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. A published extraction procedure for β-glucans was compared to one developed in house. Both procedures gave a dominant glucose peak in the Gas chromatogram indicative of successful β-glucan isolation. Further linkage studies showed four linkage positions for β-glucans isolated with the published method; terminal, 1,3-linkage, 1,6-linkage and 1,3,6-linkage, while β-glucans isolated using the new method showed six linkage positions; terminal, 1,3-linkage, 1,6-linkage, 1,4-linkage, 1,2,3-linkage and 1,3,6-linkage. Diminishing β-glucan ...


Bringing Football Back To Los Angeles, Gabriel G. Leiner Mr. Jul 2015

Bringing Football Back To Los Angeles, Gabriel G. Leiner Mr.

Gabriel Leiner

Identifying a suitable parcel for a large scale professional football stadium in the greater Los Angeles, CA area, which does not conflict with current uses, environmental protection codes, or airspace rights, and also has adequate transportation access and nearby populated neighborhoods.


Gait Transition Dynamics Are Modulated By Experimental Protocol, Mohammad Abdolvahab, Jason Gordon Jul 2015

Gait Transition Dynamics Are Modulated By Experimental Protocol, Mohammad Abdolvahab, Jason Gordon

Mohammad Abdolvahab

No abstract provided.


Rotation Lightcurves Of Small Jovian Trojan Asteroids, Linda French, Robert D. Stephens, Daniel Coley, Lawrence H. Wasserman, Jennifer Sieben Jul 2015

Rotation Lightcurves Of Small Jovian Trojan Asteroids, Linda French, Robert D. Stephens, Daniel Coley, Lawrence H. Wasserman, Jennifer Sieben

Linda French

Several lines of evidence support a common origin for, and possible hereditary link between, cometary nuclei and Jovian Trojan asteroids. Due to their distance and low albedos, few comet-sized Trojans have been studied. We present new lightcurve information for 19 Trojans ≲ 30 km in diameter, more than doubling the number of objects in this size range for which some rotation information is known. The minimum densities for objects with complete lightcurves are estimated and are found to be comparable to those measured for cometary nuclei. A significant fraction (~40%) of this observed small Trojan population rotates slowly (P > 24 hours ...


A Fishery, A Sanctuary, A Sink, And A Disaster: The Often Hapless Management Of California's Salton Sea, William M. Mclaren Jul 2015

A Fishery, A Sanctuary, A Sink, And A Disaster: The Often Hapless Management Of California's Salton Sea, William M. Mclaren

Will McLaren

Over a century ago, a series of questionable management decisions and water-diversion engineering mistakes in Southern California produced an “unnatural” waterbody called the Salton Sea. Since then, the Sea has served as a recreational destination with fluctuating popularity, a sanctuary for migratory birds, a sink for agricultural runoff and urban wastewater, and one of the most productive tilapia and corvina fisheries in the United States. However, the Sea’s resources and associated uses have steadily deteriorated since its formation.

The contrast between the ethics that drove resource management decisions at the time of the Salton Sea’s formation to those ...


Lionfish As An Example Of Invasive Species Ecology, Jennifer Gardinier, Myra Morgan, Carolina Ramos Jul 2015

Lionfish As An Example Of Invasive Species Ecology, Jennifer Gardinier, Myra Morgan, Carolina Ramos

Lesson Plans

This computational model of lionfish ecology allows students to explore the effects of introducing an invasive species into a previously stable ecosystem. The stable ecosystem is represented by the coral reef habitat and clownfish population. When the lionfish are introduced, the students can graphically visualize the decline in clownfish population and subsequent destruction of the coral reef. By increasing the water temperature by 2 degrees, the students witness the increased reproductive fitness of the lionfish and resulting rapid decline in clownfish population and the coral reef environment. The model generates data which is displayed graphically and used for mathematical modeling ...


Doubly Robust Estimation Of A Marginal Average Effect Of Treatment On The Treated With An Instrumental Variable, Lan Liu, Wang Miao, Baoluo Sun, James M. Robins, Eric J. Tchetgen Tchetgen Jun 2015

Doubly Robust Estimation Of A Marginal Average Effect Of Treatment On The Treated With An Instrumental Variable, Lan Liu, Wang Miao, Baoluo Sun, James M. Robins, Eric J. Tchetgen Tchetgen

Harvard University Biostatistics Working Paper Series

No abstract provided.


Staged Tuning: A Hybrid (Compile/Install-Time) Technique For Improving Utilization Of Performance-Asymmetric Multicores, Tyler Sondag, Hridesh Rajan Jun 2015

Staged Tuning: A Hybrid (Compile/Install-Time) Technique For Improving Utilization Of Performance-Asymmetric Multicores, Tyler Sondag, Hridesh Rajan

Computer Science Technical Reports

Emerging trends towards performance-asymmetric multicore processors (AMPs) are posing new challenges, because for effective utilization of AMPs, code sections of a program must be assigned to cores such that the resource needs of the code sections closely match the resources available at the assigned core. Computing this assignment can be difficult especially in the presence of unknown or many target AMPs. We observe that finding a mapping between the code segment characteristics and the core characteristics is inexpensive enough, compared to finding a mapping between the code segments and the cores, that it can be deferred until installation-time for more ...


A High-Altitude Balloon Platform For Determining Regional Uptake Of Carbon Dioxide Over Agricultural Landscapes, Angela M. Bouche Jun 2015

A High-Altitude Balloon Platform For Determining Regional Uptake Of Carbon Dioxide Over Agricultural Landscapes, Angela M. Bouche

2015 Academic High Altitude Conference

Interactions between the biosphere and atmosphere are an important part of the global carbon cycle, and quantifying the carbon dioxide exchanges between them is helpful in predicting the uptake of carbon dioxide from anthropogenic sources by the biosphere in the future. In the Midwestern United States, agricultural systems cover a large part of the landscape, so understanding their role in influencing the global carbon budget is crucial as anthropogenic sources of carbon dioxide grow larger. Carbon dioxide exchanges can be measured by eddy covariance at the ecosystem level (bottom-up approach) or regionally by inversion techniques (top-down approach). Here we describe ...


Detecting Cosmic Rays Using Cemos Sensors In Consumer Devices, Matthew M. Plewa Jun 2015

Detecting Cosmic Rays Using Cemos Sensors In Consumer Devices, Matthew M. Plewa

2015 Academic High Altitude Conference

Since the time of Victor Hess and his balloon flight that demonstrated that cosmic rays increased with altitude, new detection methods have become widely available to be used on current day flights. One such method is to utilize CCDs with long duration exposures. During the exposures the CCD is exposed to cosmic rays which then leave a track. This phenomenon is caused by the CCD's inability to distinguish between photons of light and charged particles. Such tracks can then be separated from the CCD's background noise and classified.


Using Ion Mobility Spectrometry To Study Protein Conformations In The Gas Phase, Yu Sun Jun 2015

Using Ion Mobility Spectrometry To Study Protein Conformations In The Gas Phase, Yu Sun

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The question whether electrosprayed protein ions retain solution-like conformations remains a matter of debate. One way to address this issue involves comparisons of collision cross sections measured by travelling wave ion mobility spectrometry (TWIMS) with the values calculated for model structures. It is often implied that nanoESI is more conducive for the retention of solution structure than regular ESI. Focusing on four different proteins we demonstrated that collision cross section values and collisional unfolding profiles are virtually indistinguishable under both conditions. Calibration can be challenging because differences in the extent of collisional activation for TWIMS and drift tube calibrant data ...


Development Of An Integrated Online Balloon Flight System, Ethan E. Harstad Jun 2015

Development Of An Integrated Online Balloon Flight System, Ethan E. Harstad

2015 Academic High Altitude Conference

Aerodyne Labs has been working with the Stratospheric Ballooning Association to develop an all inclusive high altitude ballooning software suite. This software suite is intended to allow every step of conducting a balloon flight to be conducted on a single website. Flight predictions can be performed many days in advance and used to automatically generate notices for both the FAA and public. Once the balloon has been launched, telemetry can be streamed to the website to allow real-time position and telemetry updates, including a dedicated view for FAA controllers. Data that is not streamed from the payload can be uploaded ...


Collecting Multiple Data Points In A Thunderstorm Environment, Matthew Nelson Jun 2015

Collecting Multiple Data Points In A Thunderstorm Environment, Matthew Nelson

2015 Academic High Altitude Conference

Collecting multiple data points in adverse conditions such as a thunderstorm presents a number of challenges in collecting and relaying data. Wireless sensor mesh networks is a proven method for extracting and relaying data in radio environments that may either be roving, in adverse conditions or both. This paper explores using wireless sensor mesh networks to collect atmospheric data that is present in a thunderstorm system to enable researchers to learn more from these systems. A wireless sensor mesh network is ideal since it is well suited for both moving and sensor nodes that are in adverse RF conditions. A ...


Integrating K12 Outreach With Undergraduate & Graduate Student Research Through Balloonsat: High Altitude Balloons, J Tillman Kennon, Bryant Fong Jun 2015

Integrating K12 Outreach With Undergraduate & Graduate Student Research Through Balloonsat: High Altitude Balloons, J Tillman Kennon, Bryant Fong

2015 Academic High Altitude Conference

The Arkansas BalloonSAT team has successfully launched and recovered 37 BalloonSAT’s dating back to the first flight on December 16, 2006. Numerous instruments measuring such things as atmospheric temperature, humidity, radiation, and light intensity have recorded data from different locations over the State of Arkansas. The initial focus of this project was outreach with the k-12 schools, and still involves outreach; however atmospheric research has become a significant component for this endeavor. This ongoing collaborative projection has involved a number of faculty and students from different academic backgrounds, including physics, chemistry, biology, and astronomy among different ASGC schools who ...


Directional Camera Control On High Altitude Balloons, Matthew M. Plewa, Brent Scharlau Jun 2015

Directional Camera Control On High Altitude Balloons, Matthew M. Plewa, Brent Scharlau

2015 Academic High Altitude Conference

The research reported in this paper examined the design and control of a gimbal for solar eclipse tracking and video recording. The gimbal design required 3 axes of rotation to allow for full range of motion. Utilizing individual brushless motors for each of the axes ensure minimum rotational requirements on each axes. In controlling the gimbal, both a mathematical and visual method were utilized. The mathematical method is a modified version of what is currently used for solar array pointing. The visual method looks at where the position of the sun is within the image and determines what angle changes ...


Using Thermocouple, Thermistor, And Digital Sensors To Characterize The Thermal Wake Below Ascending Weather Balloons, Erick Agrimson, Kaye Smith, Rachel Newman, Kassandra Surma, Maggie Singerhouse, Britany Craig, Marilyn Mcnamara, James Flaten, Alex Pratt, Stephanie Wegner, Joe Dillon Jun 2015

Using Thermocouple, Thermistor, And Digital Sensors To Characterize The Thermal Wake Below Ascending Weather Balloons, Erick Agrimson, Kaye Smith, Rachel Newman, Kassandra Surma, Maggie Singerhouse, Britany Craig, Marilyn Mcnamara, James Flaten, Alex Pratt, Stephanie Wegner, Joe Dillon

2015 Academic High Altitude Conference

In this paper we present additional results from our on-going research effort to characterize the thermal wake that trails below ascending latex weather balloons on flights into the stratosphere; a wake which interferes with the ability of temperature sensors in payload boxes hanging from the balloon (and hence enveloped by the wake) to correctly measure the ambient temperature of the atmosphere through which the balloon is ascending. A “wake boom” is used to measure temperature variations up to 1.5 m horizontally from varying distances directly below the neck of the balloon. Results to date agree with the literature that ...


Techniques For Payload Stabilization For Improved Photography During Stratospheric Balloon Flights, James Flaten, Christopher Gosch, Joseph (Benjamin) Habeck Jun 2015

Techniques For Payload Stabilization For Improved Photography During Stratospheric Balloon Flights, James Flaten, Christopher Gosch, Joseph (Benjamin) Habeck

2015 Academic High Altitude Conference

Payload-box rotation and swing are perennial challenges to achieving high-quality photography (typically videography) during weather-balloon flights to “near-space” (AKA the stratosphere). Continuous camera motion can lead to blurred still photos, nearly-impossible-to-watch video footage, and precludes time-exposure photography required for most astronomical imaging even though altitudes are reached where the daytime sky appears black. Apparently-random payload rotation, persisting even at altitude, can often exceed servo rotation rates and frustrate attempts to do active camera pointing. Here we discuss mostly-passive payload stabilization strategies we, and our collaborators, have used to mitigate and dampen both swing and rotation of suspended payloads on high-altitude ...


Building An Undergraduate Cohort In High Altitude Ballooning, Mike Davis Jun 2015

Building An Undergraduate Cohort In High Altitude Ballooning, Mike Davis

2015 Academic High Altitude Conference

City Colleges of Chicago (CCC), in partnership with DePaul University and the Illinois Space Grant Consortium, has recently been awarded a grant from NASA to develop a research and education program in high-altitude ballooning. The project builds on the Chicago Initiative for Research and Recruitment in the Undergraduate Sciences (CIRRUS) model of undergraduate research and community college/four year college collaborative projects, a successful NSF-funded collaboration between DePaul and CCC. The project has four goals: (1) initiate a year-round undergraduate research program to recruit promising community college students into the STEM disciplines, (2) provide tuition support and fellowships to support ...