# Physical Sciences and Mathematics Commons™

## All Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

174,474 full-text articles. Page 6 of 4479.

Using Drones To Generate New Data For Conservation Insights, 2018 University of Saint Thomas

#### Using Drones To Generate New Data For Conservation Insights, Paul Lorah, Alice Ready, Emma Rinn

##### International Journal of Geospatial and Environmental Research

Human impact on the environment is driving a decline in biodiversity that heightens the need for informed management of conservation lands. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), also known as drones, are an increasingly cost-effective tool for generating high-quality data used to map landscape features, analyze land cover change and assess the effectiveness of conservation efforts. Traditional sources of remotely sensed data such as satellites and aircraft can be costly, inflexible and unable to detect fine-scale surface variation. This paper explores the advantages (and challenges) of analyzing data collected by drones to generate useful conservation management insights. We focus on three key ...

Some Graphs Determined By Their Distance Spectrum, 2018 Department of mathematics & statistics, McGill University, Montreal

#### Some Graphs Determined By Their Distance Spectrum, Stephen Drury, Huiqiu Lin

##### Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra

Let $G$ be a connected graph with order $n$. Let $\lambda_1(D(G))\geq \cdots\geq \lambda_n(D(G))$ be the distance spectrum of $G$. In this paper, it is shown that the complements of $P_n$ and $C_n$ are determined by their $D$-spectrum. Moreover, it is shown that the cycle $C_n$ ($n$ odd) is also determined by its $D$-spectrum.

#### Creating A Better Technological Piano Practice Aid With Knowledge Tracing, Max Feldkamp

##### Keyboard Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Modern music tutoring software and mobile instructional applications have great potential to help students practice at home effectively. They can offer extensive feedback on what the student is getting right and wrong and have adopted a gamified design with levels, badges, and other game-like elements to help gain wider appeal among students. Despite their advantages for motivating students and creating a safe practice environment, no current music instruction software demonstrates any knowledge about a student’s level of mastery. This can lead to awkward pedagogy and user frustration. Applying Bayesian Knowledge Tracing to tutoring systems provides an ideal way to ...

2018 East Tennessee State University

#### Immobilization Of Gold Nanoparticles On Nitrided Carbon Fiber Ultramicroelectrodes By Direct Reduction, George Affadu-Danful

##### Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Due to enhanced properties such as large surface area-to-volume ratio, metal nanoparticles are often employed as catalysts for various applications. However, most studies involving nanoparticle catalysts have been conducted on collections of particles rather than single nanoparticles. Results obtained for ensemble systems can be difficult to interpret due to variations in particle loading and interparticle distance, which are often challenging to control and characterize. In this study, two immobilization strategies for incorporating gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) on carbon fiber ultramicroelectrodes (UMEs) were compared with the goal of extending these techniques to nanoelectrodes for studies of single AuNPs. Both layer-by-layer deposition of ...

2018 Utah State University

#### Use Of Verified Twitter Accounts During Crisis Events, Kai Anderson

##### All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis reports on the use of verified Twitter accounts during crisis events. Twitter is a social media platform that allows users to broadcast and exchange public text messages and it can be used as a communication tool during crisis events. Verified Twitter accounts are those accounts that Twitter has investigated and found to be genuinely maintained by the claimed owner. Celebrities, public officials, and other well-known persons or companies often seek this account status. The owners of these accounts are likely to provide more accurate or relevant information during a crisis event because they represent a brand, whether themselves ...

2018 Utah State University

#### Humans As Sensors: The Influence Of Extreme Heat Vulnerability Factors On Risk Perceptions Across The Contiguous United States, Forrest Scott Schoessow

##### All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Extreme heat events are the deadliest natural hazard in the United States and will continue to get worse in the coming years due to the effects of climate change. As a result, more people will experience deadly heat conditions. This highlights the need for decision-makers to develop better strategies for preventing future losses. How badly individuals are affected by extreme heat depends on many circumstances, such as how high temperatures actually are, weather conditions, and location. For example, a dry 90 °F day in Phoenix is probably more tolerable than a humid 90 °F day in New Orleans for most ...

2018 Utah State University

#### Implementing The Use Of Personal Activity Data In An Introductory Statistics Course, Lacy Christensen

##### All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Integrating real data into a classroom is one of the recommendations in the Guidelines for Assessment and Instruction in Statistics Education (GAISE) college report which lays out guidelines for an introductory statistics course (Committee, GAISE College Report ASA Revision, 2016). In order to assess the effect of using real data in a classroom, the students received physical activity trackers to wear during an undergraduate introductory statistics course taught in the summer. This tracker, a Fitbit, enabled students to monitor and record their steps, calories, and active time throughout the class. Collecting personal activity data (PAD) creates a large database which ...

Teaching Landscape Construction Using Augmented Reality, 2018 Utah State University

#### Teaching Landscape Construction Using Augmented Reality, Arshdeep Singh

##### All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis describes the design, development, and evaluation of an interactive Microsoft HoloLens application that projects landscape models in Augmented Reality. The application was developed using the Unity framework and 3D models created in Sketchup. Using the application, students can not only visualize the models in real space but can also interact with the models using gestures. The students can interact with the models using gaze and air-tap gestures.

Application testing was conducted with 21 students from the Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning department at Utah State University. To evaluate the application, students completed a usability survey after using the ...

2018 East Tennessee State University

#### Comparing Laser Assisted Pulling And Chemical Vapor Deposition Methods In The Fabrication Of Carbon Ultramicro- And Nanoelectrodes, Theophilus Neequaye

##### Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Ultramicroelectrodes (UMEs) (limiting dimensions <~25 μm) and nanoelectrodes (<~100 nm) exhibit enhanced electrochemical properties compared to macroscopic electrodes. Their small sizes and enhanced properties make them well-suited for various interesting and important applications such as measuring redox-active species in nonaqueous solvents, studying intermediates of fast electrochemical reactions, and investigating electrochemical and electrocatalytic properties of single nanoparticles. While UMEs are commercially available, nanoelectrode fabrication is still largely confined to research labs. Various methods for constructing nanoelectrodes have been reported and continue to be developed, but most require considerable expertise, and comparisons between different fabrication processes are lacking. In this work, a comparison of laser-assisted pulling and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) methods of electrode fabrication is made with the aim of optimizing production of carbon nanoelectrodes for single nanoparticle electrochemical measurements. By examining effects of pulling parameters, post-pulling treatments, and CVD processing, electrodes as small as ~50 nm were successfully produced.

2018 Utah State University

#### Engelmann Spruce Survival And Regeneration After An Epidemic Spruce Beetle Outbreak On The Markagunt Plateau In Southern Utah, Jessika M. Pettit

##### All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Bark beetle outbreaks are becoming more intense and severe when coupled with the effects of climate change. Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmannii) is one such species facing large-scale, epidemic spruce beetle outbreaks. Large-scale disturbances, such as beetle outbreaks, have major consequences for the future success of the ecosystem, thus highlighting the importance of understanding what promotes amplified outbreaks as well as their effects on future seedling establishment. Our research focused on two parts of a large-scale beetle outbreak: the mortality of spruce trees and the subsequent regeneration of seedlings. Our first study examined the timing of spruce mortality during an outbreak ...

2018 Utah State University

#### A Comparison Of R, Sas, And Python Implementations Of Random Forests, Breckell Soifua

##### All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

The Random Forest method is a useful machine learning tool developed by Leo Breiman. There are many existing implementations across different programming languages; the most popular of which exist in R, SAS, and Python. In this paper, we conduct a comprehensive comparison of these implementations with regards to the accuracy, variable importance measurements, and timing. This comparison was done on a variety of real and simulated data with different classification difficulty levels, number of predictors, and sample sizes. The comparison shows unexpectedly different results between the three implementations.

2018 Utah State University

#### A Framework For Assessing Natural Lands And Finding Common Ground In The Bear River Range, Scott Mccomb

##### All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Forests, wetlands, grasslands, lakes and deserts make up the natural lands that humans and nature rely on. In the Bear River Range, these lands are becoming smaller and more disconnected due to residential and commercial development, agriculture, energy production and transportation corridors. In addition, natural lands are owned and managed by a variety of groups representing different values, priorities and traditions. For large-scale conservation to be successful, it needs to incorporate multiple priorities. The purpose of this study was to provide a process for identifying the remaining network of natural lands within the Bear River Range that indicate high ecological ...

2018 Utah State University

#### Commuter Rail And The Landscape: Alternative Futures For Planning In Southeastern Box Elder County, C. Michael Gottfredson

##### All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

This thesis analyzes the impact the FrontRunner commuter-rail service would have on Southeastern Box Elder County, Utah, using both anticipated future and alternative future scenarios created in a geographic information system (GIS). These alternative future scenarios include having the FrontRunner developed at anticipated stops and a transit-oriented development (TOD) scenario. Using techniques and methods developed by scholars in the bioregional planning field, these alternative future scenarios were compared against impact-data models addressing residential land-use suitability and landscape risk.

Outcomes: from this analysis, the TOD alternative future scenario had the least impact on landscape risk impact-data model. The TOD model is ...

2018 Utah State University

#### The Perception Of Utah Division Of Wildlife Resource’S Law Enforcement By Local, County And Municipal Law Enforcement Agencies, Wyatt Bubak

##### All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Like most states throughout the nation, Utah’s population has continually grown since settlement. In 2014 Utah’s population was estimated at 2.95 million and between 2015-2016 Utah had the highest percentage growth rate of any state in the nation. This profound amount of growth can be attributed to many factors that are unique to Utah; two of which are the aesthetic and recreational opportunities available to Utah residents.

Due to population growth and urban sprawl, areas commonly patrolled by Utah Division of Wildlife Resources (UDWR) conservation officers are now located closer to urban populations. Previously rural or backcountry ...

2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

#### Scaling Up An Infrastructure For Controlled Experimentation With Testing Techniques, Wayne D. Motycka

##### Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Software testing research often involves reproducing previous experimental results. Previous work created a repository infrastructure for containment and dissemination of testable research subjects using a private centralized storage mechanism for hosting these test subject archives. While this is a good way to store these subjects it can be inefficient when the size of subjects increases or the number of versions of the subject’s source code is large. The delivery of these large subjects from a centralized repository can be quite large and on occasion may not succeed requiring the user to repeat the download request. Coupled with the limited ...

2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

#### On The Well-Posedness And Global Boundary Controllability Of A Nonlinear Beam Model, Jessie Jamieson

##### Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research Papers in Mathematics

The theory of beams and plates has been long established due to works spanning many fields, and has been explored through many investigations of beam and plate mechanics, controls, stability, and the well-posedness of systems of equations governing the motions of plates and beams. Additionally, recent investigations of flutter phenomena by Dowell, Webster et al. have reignited interest into the mechanics and stability of nonlinear beams. In this thesis, we wish to revisit the seminal well-posedness results of Lagnese and Leugering for the one dimensional, nonlinear beam from their 1991 paper, "Uniform stabilization of a nonlinear beam by nonlinear boundary ...

2018 Utah State University

#### Investigations Into Factors Affecting The Wpd-Loop In The Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases Yoph And Ptp1b, Gwendolyn Moise

##### All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The research in this dissertation documents connections between the primary amino acid sequence of proteins, the dynamics of proteins, and their catalytic function. This research project studied two proteins called protein-tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs): the human enzyme PTP1B, and the bacterial enzyme YopH. PTP1B is a human enzyme that down regulates the insulin receptor on the outer cellular membrane, and causes the insulin receptor to be less responsive to insulin. A deeper knowledge of how PTP1B is different from other human PTPs might be useful in designing drugs to increase insulin sensitivity in diabetics. Yersinia Pestis is the bacteria that caused ...

2018 Utah State University

#### Canonical Coordinates On Lie Groups And The Baker Campbell Hausdorff Formula, Nicholas Graner

##### All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Lie Groups occur in math and physics as representations of continuous symmetries and are often described in terms of their Lie Algebra. This thesis is concerned with finding a concrete description of a Lie group given its associated Lie algebra. Several calculations toward this end are developed and then implemented in the Maple Differential Geometry package. Examples of the calculations are given.

2018 Utah State University

#### Feature Screening Of Ultrahigh Dimensional Feature Spaces With Applications In Interaction Screening, Randall D. Reese

##### All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Data for which the number of predictors exponentially exceeds the number of observations is becoming increasingly prevalent in fields such as bioinformatics, medical imaging, computer vision, And social network analysis. One of the leading questions statisticians must answer when confronted with such “big data” is how to reduce a set of exponentially many predictors down to a set of a mere few predictors which have a truly causative effect on the response being modelled. This process is often referred to as feature screening. In this work we propose three new methods for feature screening. The first method we propose (TC-SIS ...

2018 Utah State University

#### Towards The Prediction Of Climate Extremes With Attribution Analysis Through Climate Diagnostics And Modeling: Cases From Asia To North America, Boniface Opoku Fosu

##### All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This project summarizes the findings of research organized in two parts. The first involved the characterization of changes in the variability of climate that lead to extreme events. The second focused on the predictability of extreme climate on time-scales ranging from short forecast lead-times to long-lead climate predictions exceeding a year.

Initial studies focused on three interrelated, yet regionally unique extreme climate phenomena. First, the relationship between increasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and particulate matter (PM) concentration in basin terrain was investigated. Next, we evaluated changes in large-scale atmospheric circulation associated with two climate phenomena at either extreme side of ...