# Physical Sciences and Mathematics Commons™

174,474 Full-Text Articles 212,519 Authors 37,243,081 Downloads 374 Institutions

## All Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

174,474 full-text articles. Page 4 of 4479.

Testing Hypotheses Of Covariance Structure In Multivariate Data, 2018 NOVA University of Lisbon

#### Testing Hypotheses Of Covariance Structure In Multivariate Data, Miguel Fonseca, Arkadiusz Koziol, Roman Zmyslony

##### Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra

In this paper there is given a new approach for testing hypotheses on the structure of covariance matrices in double multivariate data. It is proved that ratio of positive and negative parts of best unbiased estimators (BUE) provide an F-test for independence of blocks variables in double multivariate models.

Techno-Optimism And Farmers’ Attitudes Toward Climate Change Adaptation, 2018 South Dakota State University

#### Techno-Optimism And Farmers’ Attitudes Toward Climate Change Adaptation, Maaz Gardezi, J. Gordon Arbuckle

##### Sociology Publications

In industrialized societies, techno-optimism is a belief that human ingenuity, through improved science and technology, will ultimately provide remedies to most current and future threats to human well-being, such as diseases, climate change, and poverty. Here we examine: (1) whether techno-optimism is found among Midwestern corn and soybean farmers and (2) how this confidence in human ingenuity influences their support for climate change adaptation. By examining data from a survey of nearly 5000 grain farmers in the Midwestern U.S., we found that greater techno-optimism can reduce farmers’ support for climate change adaptation and increase their propensity to express a ...

Application Of Jordan Algebra For Testing Hypotheses About Structure Of Mean Vector In Model With Block Compound Symmetric Covariance Structure, 2018 Faculty of Mathematics, Computer Science and Econometrics, University of Zielona Góra,

#### Application Of Jordan Algebra For Testing Hypotheses About Structure Of Mean Vector In Model With Block Compound Symmetric Covariance Structure, Roman Zmyślony, Ivan Zezula, Arkadiusz Kozioł

##### Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra

In this article authors derive test for structure of mean vector in model with block compound symmetric covariance structure for two-level multivariate observations. One possible structure is so called structured mean vector when its components remain constant over sites or over time points, so that mean vector is of the form $\boldsymbol{1}_{u}\otimes\boldsymbol{\mu}$ with $\boldsymbol{\mu}=(\mu_1,\mu_2,\ldots,\mu_m)'\in\mathbb{R}^m$. This hypothesis is tested against alternative of unstructured mean vector, which can change over sites or over time points.

Making Sustainability Disclosure Sustainable, 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School

#### Making Sustainability Disclosure Sustainable, Jill E. Fisch

##### Faculty Scholarship

Sustainability is receiving increasing attention from issuers, investors and regulators. The desire to understand issuer sustainability practices and their relationship to economic performance has resulted in a proliferation of sustainability disclosure regimes and standards. The range of approaches to disclosure, however, limit the comparability and reliability of the information disclosed. The Securities & Exchange Commission (SEC) has solicited comment on whether to require expanded sustainability disclosures in issuer’s periodic financial reporting, and investors have communicated broad-based support for such expanded disclosures, but, to date, the SEC has not required general sustainability disclosure.

Effects Of Volcanicity In Iceland, 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

#### Effects Of Volcanicity In Iceland, Lilian Njoki Ng'ang'a

##### Student Works

Iceland is greatly known for its volcanicity as there are several eruptions that have occurred over the years. The country’s volcanology is due to its location on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, which is a divergent tectonic boundary (Promote Iceland, n.d.). Due to this, the country is known to be responsible for a third of all the fresh lava on earth (Marteinn, 2018).

This research provides a deep dive into the effects of volcanicity and how the Icelandic people have adapted to it. The methods used to collect data for this research were secondary sources and interviews. It was evident ...

2018 University of Connecticut

#### Infra-Red Microwave Spectra, Overtones, Degeneracy And Thermal Populations All In One Diagram, Carl W. David

##### Chemistry Education Materials

An old drawing, which had an error in it, is re-presented (corrected) for understanding the relationships in diatomic vibrational-rotational interactions at the introductory level.

2018 University of New Orleans, New Orleans

#### Semantic-Aware Stealthy Control Logic Infection Attack, Sushma Kalle

##### University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis work we present CLIK, a new, automated, remote attack on the control logic of a programmable logic controller (PLC) in industrial control systems. The CLIK attack modifies the control logic running in a remote target PLC automatically to disrupt a physical process. We implement the CLIK attack on a real PLC. The attack is initiated by subverting the security measures that protect the control logic in a PLC. We found a critical (zero-day) vulnerability, which allows the attacker to overwrite password hash in the PLC during the authentication process. Next, CLIK retrieves and decompiles the original logic ...

2018 University of New Orleans

#### Assessing Apache Spark Streaming With Scientific Data, Janak Dahal

##### University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Processing real-world data requires the ability to analyze data in real-time. Data processing engines like Hadoop come short when results are needed on the fly. Apache Spark's streaming library is increasingly becoming a popular choice as it can stream and analyze a significant amount of data. To showcase and assess the ability of Spark various metrics were designed and operated using data collected from the USGODAE data catalog. The latency of streaming in Apache Spark was measured and analyzed against many nodes in the cluster. Scalability was monitored by adding and removing nodes in the middle of a streaming ...

2018 University of New Orleans

#### Analysis Of Temperature And Salinity Effects On Growth And Mortality Of Oysters (Crassostrea Virginica) In Louisiana, Troy Sehlinger

##### University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Salinity (S) and temperature (T) control every facet of the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) life cycle, principally reproduction, development, growth, and mortality. Previous studies conducted in in the Breton Sound (BR) and Barataria (BA) estuaries have reported differences in growth and mortality rates between the basins. In the present study, environmental conditions were synchronized to compare growth and mortality rates between basins at similar combinations of T and S. Results indicate that when T and S are the same (synchronized), seasonal oyster growth and mortality rates differ between BR and BA. Seasonal analyses revealed that as salinities increased in both ...

Inertia Sets Allowed By Matrix Patterns, 2018 Saint Olaf College

#### Inertia Sets Allowed By Matrix Patterns, Adam H. Berliner, Dale D. Olesky, Pauline Van Den Driessche

##### Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra

Motivated by the possible onset of instability in dynamical systems associated with a zero eigenvalue, sets of inertias $\sn_n$ and $\SN{n}$ for sign and zero-nonzero patterns, respectively, are introduced. For an $n\times n$ sign pattern $\mc{A}$ that allows inertia $(0,n-1,1)$, a sufficient condition is given for $\mc{A}$ and every superpattern of $\mc{A}$ to allow $\sn_n$, and a family of such irreducible sign patterns for all $n\geq 3$ is specified. All zero-nonzero patterns (up to equivalence) that allow $\SN{3}$ and $\SN{4}$ are determined, and are described by their associated digraphs.

Ranks Of Quantum States With Prescribed Reduced States, 2018 College of William and Mary

#### Ranks Of Quantum States With Prescribed Reduced States, Chi-Kwong Li, Yiu-Tung Poon, Xuefeng Wang

##### Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra

Let $\cM_n$ be the set of $n\times n$ complex matrices. In this note, all the possible ranks of a bipartite state in $\cM_m\otimes \cM_n$ with prescribed reduced states in the two subsystems, are determined. The results are used to determine the Choi rank of quantum channels $\Phi: \cM_m \rightarrow \cM_n$ sending $I/m$ to a specific state $\sigma_2 \in \cM_n$.

2018 The University of Southern Mississippi

#### The Feasibility Of Using Inherent Optical Properties And The Apparent Optical Property Remote Sensing Reflectance To Estimate Suspended Particulate Matter, Particularly For Use In Airborne Hydrographic Surveys, Sarah Epps

##### Dissertations

Airborne hydrographic surveys are routinely used to create and update nautical charts around the world. This research is intended to assist in maximizing the utility of the data products made available from those surveys in accordance with the current survey–once, use–many–times initiatives. Specifically, this project evaluates the feasibility of using the data available airborne hydrographic systems that utilize bathymetric lasers and hyperspectral sensors to estimate the concentration of suspended particulate matter (SPM). SPM is sometimes also called suspended sediment. The ability to chart spatial distributions of SPM utilizing hydrographic survey systems already in operation will assist researchers ...

Increasing Health Threat To Greater Parts Of India Due To Crop Residue Burning, 2018 NASA

#### Increasing Health Threat To Greater Parts Of India Due To Crop Residue Burning, Sudipta Sarkar, Ramesh Singh, Akshansa Chauhan

##### Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

"Rice crop residue burning during mid-October to November every year is becoming a serious health threat because of increased burning by farmers in the states of Punjab, Haryana, and western Uttar Pradesh in northern India. Crop residue burning started in the late 1980s with the start of mechanised harvesting in Punjab. Farmers found burning to be an economical way of cleaning crop stalk residues that are left over by mechanised harvesters. In doing so, farmers ignore the impact of this practice on health and air quality in the cities located in the Indo-Gangetic Plains. In the winter season, the severity ...

Locality And Nonlocality In The Interaction-Free Measurement, 2018 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

#### Locality And Nonlocality In The Interaction-Free Measurement, Daniel Rohrlich, Yakir Aharonov, Tomer Landsberger

##### Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

We present a paradox involving a particle and a mirror. They exchange a nonlocal quantity, modular angular momentum Lz mod 2ћ, but there seems to be no local interaction between them that allows such an exchange. We demonstrate that the particle and mirror do interact locally via a weak local current 〈Lz mod 2ћ〉w. In this sense, we transform the “interaction-free measurement” of Elitzur and Vaidman, in which two local quantities (the positions of a photon and a bomb in the two arms of a Mach-Zehnder interferometer) interact nonlocally, into a thought experiment in which two nonlocal ...

Benchmarking Index 2018: Carbon, Energy, And Water, 2018 Greenview

#### Benchmarking Index 2018: Carbon, Energy, And Water, Eric Ricaurte

##### Center for Hospitality Research Publications

The fifth annual Cornell Hotel Sustainability Benchmarking study includes data from substantially more hotels than in all previous years. While the bulk of the data come from hotels in the United States, the study also recorded a greater international participation, with fifty-one nations and thirteen international brands represented. More than 10,400 hotels contributed information regarding their energy and water use, as well as greenhouse gas emissions. Complete as of 2016, the data show that the participating hotels generally have continued to reduce their energy and water usage, although the energy intensity recorded by luxury hotels continues to be relatively ...

Remote Sensing Of Soil Moisture Using S-Band Signals Of Opportunity: Model Development And Experimental Validation, 2018 Purdue University

#### Remote Sensing Of Soil Moisture Using S-Band Signals Of Opportunity: Model Development And Experimental Validation, Marvin Jesse, Benjamin Nold, James L. Garrison

##### The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Root zone soil moisture (RZSM) is a vital aspect in meteorology, hydrology, and agriculture. There are currently some methods in passive and active remote sensing at L-band, but these methods are limited to a sensing depth of approximately 10 cm. Observing RZSM (water in the top meter of soil) will require lower frequencies, thus presenting significant difficulties for a spaceborne instrument, because of the required antenna size, the presence of radio-frequency interference (RFI), and competition for spectrum allocations (in the case of active radar). Bistatic radar using Signal of Opportunity (SoOp) (e.g. digital satellite transmitters) provides an opportunity for ...

Expected Length Of The Longest Chain In Linear Hashing, 2018 PurdueUniversity

#### Expected Length Of The Longest Chain In Linear Hashing, Pongthip Srivarangkul, Hemanta K. Maji

##### The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Hash table with chaining is a data structure that chains objects with identical hash values together with an entry or a memory address. It works by calculating a hash value from an input then placing the input in the hash table entry. When we place two inputs in the same entry, they chain together in a linear linked list. We are interested in the expected length of the longest chain in linear hashing and methods to reduce the length because the worst-case look-up time is directly proportional to it.

The linear hash function used to calculate hash value is defined ...

Exploring Confidentiality Issues In Hyperledger Fabric Business Applications, 2018 Purdue University

#### Exploring Confidentiality Issues In Hyperledger Fabric Business Applications, Shivam Bajpayi, Pedro Moreno-Sanchez, Donghang Lu, Sihao Yin

##### The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

The rise of Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies over the last decade have made its underlying technology (blockchain) come into the spotlight. Blockchain is a secure ledger of linked records called blocks. These records are cryptographically immutable and any tampering with the block is evident through a change in the cryptographic signature of the block. Among the blockchains deployed in practice today, Hyperledger Fabric is a platform that allows businesses to make use of blockchains in their applications. However, confidentiality issues arise with respects to the blocks in this blockchain network due to the fact that blocks might contain sensitive information accessible ...

Deep Machine Learning For Mechanical Performance And Failure Prediction, 2018 Penn State University

#### Deep Machine Learning For Mechanical Performance And Failure Prediction, Elijah Reber, Nickolas D. Winovich, Guang Lin

##### The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Deep learning has provided opportunities for advancement in many fields. One such opportunity is being able to accurately predict real world events. Ensuring proper motor function and being able to predict energy output is a valuable asset for owners of wind turbines. In this paper, we look at how effective a deep neural network is at predicting the failure or energy output of a wind turbine. A data set was obtained that contained sensor data from 17 wind turbines over 13 months, measuring numerous variables, such as spindle speed and blade position and whether or not the wind turbine experienced ...

Electronic Effect Of Platinum Alloy Catalysts On Olefin Hydrogenation Kinetics, 2018 Creighton University

#### Electronic Effect Of Platinum Alloy Catalysts On Olefin Hydrogenation Kinetics, Colin Reedy, Jeff Miller, Stephen Purdy

##### The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Dehydrogenation of alkanes is the first step in transforming light hydrocarbons into liquid fuels and chemicals. This process has traditionally used platinum alloys as catalysts. Alloys are used industrially because they have a greater selectivity than monometallic platinum. Alloying platinum with an inactive promoter modifies the crystalline structure of the surface (geometric effect), and the 5d electrons in platinum responsible for chemistry (electronic effect); both have been suggested to be primarily responsible for dehydrogenation selectivity in platinum alloys. Alloy catalysts have been synthesized using early 3d transition metal promoters with the same Pt3M crystal structure. X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy ...