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Archaeological Anthropology

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Pvc-Lot-015-E-011, Russell Smith Feb 2999

Pvc-Lot-015-E-011, Russell Smith

Four Valleys Archive

No abstract provided.


Making The Old City: Life Projects And State Heritage In Rhodes And Acre, Evan Taylor Jun 2022

Making The Old City: Life Projects And State Heritage In Rhodes And Acre, Evan Taylor

Doctoral Dissertations

The “old city,” a widely recognizable category of urban space, has long been a locus of development projects, state monitoring, and mass tourism, while also being home to resident communities. This dissertation explores the intersections of community life and state-driven heritage projects in the Old Town of Rhodes, in the Greek Dodecanese, and the Old City of Acre (‘Akka), a Palestinian community in northern Israel/Palestine. Both old cities are UNESCO World Heritage sites and subjects of intense state-supported tourism development. However, their resident populations and their built environments, which coalesced mainly under Crusader and Ottoman rule, challenge the authorized ...


Dataset Of Antemortem Tooth Loss And Carious Lesions At Deir El-Medina, Anne Austin Jun 2022

Dataset Of Antemortem Tooth Loss And Carious Lesions At Deir El-Medina, Anne Austin

UMSL Datasets

These data are from observations on antemortem tooth loss and the presence of carious lesions from the site of Deir el-Medina, Egypt. The data were collected by Anne Austin and Mélie Louys as part of the mission of the Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale at the site during the 2012-14 and 2019-20 field seasons. These data were derived from human remains found in Theban Tombs 6, 217, 290, and 298. They are estimated to date from 1550-945 BCE. These data include macroscopic observations from 32 mandibles and 44 maxillae consisting of 485 observable teeth and 1,052 observable tooth sockets ...


North Of The Grid: The Black Experience Of 17th -19th Century Rural New York City, Stephanie E. Barnes Jun 2022

North Of The Grid: The Black Experience Of 17th -19th Century Rural New York City, Stephanie E. Barnes

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In the United States, transatlantic slavery was a racial project and template for race-making which created a country that relied on institutions that were organized and performed through social stratification. Today, the nation still operates on systemically racist institutions that have benefited whites while disadvantaging ‘others.’ The narratives presented in American history are rooted in whiteness and benefit the white community while marginalizing nonwhites. Over two hundred years of slavery history in this country has been purposely manipulated and left out. My research focuses on using an historical archaeological framework to research and share the lives of free and enslaved ...


Landscape, Settlement, And Community: The Natural, Human, And Sacred Geography Of Classic Maya Civilization In West-Central Guatemala, Marc A. Wolf Jun 2022

Landscape, Settlement, And Community: The Natural, Human, And Sacred Geography Of Classic Maya Civilization In West-Central Guatemala, Marc A. Wolf

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation explores the fluid and commonly multi-compositional aspects of Maya settlement patterns, which reflect concepts of space within Maya worldviews. Research will be focused on the predominantly Classic (ca. AD 650-810) era archaeological site of Cancuen and its neighbors in the Verapaz department of Guatemala. These settlements provide a complex arena where questions of identity, spirituality, and ethnic affiliations can be addressed within a spatial context. The continuing detailed settlement and environmental survey mapping within the Cancuen region is the primary source of evidence from which a more thorough appreciation of emic Maya spatial considerations will be investigated.

The ...


Activity Area Analysis For The Sanders Site (45kt315), Emily Elizabeth Laplante, Rylee A. Chadwick May 2022

Activity Area Analysis For The Sanders Site (45kt315), Emily Elizabeth Laplante, Rylee A. Chadwick

Symposium Of University Research and Creative Expression (SOURCE)

The Sanders Site (45KT315) was excavated in the 1970s by Central Washington University. The site is located on the Yakima Army Training Center some 12 kilometers up Johnson Canyon from the Columbia River. The site was occupied from as early as 9,000 years ago; however, the heaviest occupations with features and activity areas date closer to 3000 years ago which are associated with Frenchman Springs Phase. We are interested in how food processing and animal use at this seasonal upland site compares to sites on the river that may have been occupied year-round during the Frenchman Springs Phase.

https ...


Bon Appѐtit: Faunal Subsistence At Fort Tombecbe (1su7)​, Sarah Coffey May 2022

Bon Appѐtit: Faunal Subsistence At Fort Tombecbe (1su7)​, Sarah Coffey

Master's Theses

The frontier fort known as Tombecbe is situated on the Tombigbee River in present day Epes, Alabama. Tombecbe was constructed in 1736 as a staging point for Bienville’s campaign against the Chickasaw and to block encroachments by the British military. Following the Treaty of Paris, the fort was occupied successively by the British and then Spanish in the eighteenth century. Fortunately, historic documents and physical modifications to the fort suggest that it is possible to isolate and examine the French, British, and Spanish separately, however the breadth of the faunal analysis leaves this for future research. The soldiers at ...


A Cross-Cultural Survey Of The Funerary Practice Of Body Element Removal And Deposition In Mortuary Pottery, Sara Grevy May 2022

A Cross-Cultural Survey Of The Funerary Practice Of Body Element Removal And Deposition In Mortuary Pottery, Sara Grevy

Honors Theses

Proteomic residue analysis conducted on several ceramic sherds from funerary vessels dating to the early Iron Age (700-400 BCE) led to the discovery of peptides of human blood, tissue, and organs. The pottery was recovered in 1999 from Grave 5 in Tumulus 17, an early Iron Age burial mound, at the Heuneburg, a paramount settlement and mortuary complex in southwestern Germany. Prior to this discovery, there had been no evidence of the removal of body elements and their deposition in funerary pottery during the early Iron Age. This thesis presents a cross-cultural literature survey of archaeological, ethnographic, and historical evidence ...


Stature Estimates Of The Classic Period Maya From Chac Balam And San Juan, Ambergris Caye, Belize, Natalie Clark May 2022

Stature Estimates Of The Classic Period Maya From Chac Balam And San Juan, Ambergris Caye, Belize, Natalie Clark

Honors Theses

This thesis presents updated sex and stature estimates for ancient Maya females and males who lived in San Juan and Chac Balam in northern Ambergris Caye from approximately AD 700-900.

The regression formulae used in this study reflect a closer population affinity to the Maya compared to the equations used in the original analysis by Glassman (1995). Del Angel and Cisneros’ (2004) formulae were used when estimating stature based on a complete long bone. In Steele and Bramblett (1988), Steele and McKern (1969) and Steele (1970) regression formulae were used when estimating stature based on an incomplete humerus, femur, or ...


Giving Form To Flow: Modeling The Paleohydrological Context For Human Settlement And Water Use In The North-Central Coast Of Peru, Elizabeth Leclerc May 2022

Giving Form To Flow: Modeling The Paleohydrological Context For Human Settlement And Water Use In The North-Central Coast Of Peru, Elizabeth Leclerc

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Within coastal Andean archaeology there is a growing emphasis on the roles of hydrology and hydrological knowledge in Andean strategies for water management, settlement, and land use. Hydrological methods can not only help reconstruct past water environments but also illuminate the influence of changing climates and conditions in the Andean highlands on coastal water flows. Through a case study of the Supe River basin in north-central coastal Peru, focusing on the period from 5000 to 3000 calibrated radiocarbon years before present (cal. BP), I review several hydrological methods useful for archaeological study. I then combine these to develop a paleohydrological ...


Ancient Cities: Teaching And Learning In The Digital Age, Stefan Feuser, Francis Brouns, Michael Blömer, Alain Duplouy, Simon Malmberg, Stephanie Merten, Christina Videbech, Alessia Zambon, Mantha Zarmakoupi May 2022

Ancient Cities: Teaching And Learning In The Digital Age, Stefan Feuser, Francis Brouns, Michael Blömer, Alain Duplouy, Simon Malmberg, Stephanie Merten, Christina Videbech, Alessia Zambon, Mantha Zarmakoupi

Journal of Archaeology and Education

In this paper we present an overview of the Ancient Cities project’s outcomes and experiences with producing and testing digital educational material in the field of archaeology. In the first part, the Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) Discovering Greek & Roman Cities is introduced with respect to its target audiences and learning objectives, the ways in which it was disseminated to the target audiences, and how its structure and learning material were developed. Based on several questionnaires answered by the participants and user data from the MOOC platform itself, we were able to collect comprehensive information on the demography of ...


Lawrence Kaplan (14 April 1926-6 March 1918), Emily Kaplan May 2022

Lawrence Kaplan (14 April 1926-6 March 1918), Emily Kaplan

Andean Past

This is an appreciation of the life and work of archaeobotanist Lawrence Kaplan, a specialist in domesticated beans.


Alana Cordy-Collins (5 June 1944-16 August 2015), Christopher B. Donnan, Rose Tyson May 2022

Alana Cordy-Collins (5 June 1944-16 August 2015), Christopher B. Donnan, Rose Tyson

Andean Past

This is an appreciation of the life and work of Andean archaeology Alana Cordy-Collins.


The Lost Emerald Mines Of Ecuador: Contrasting Patterns Of Emerald Use In Native South America, Warwick Bray May 2022

The Lost Emerald Mines Of Ecuador: Contrasting Patterns Of Emerald Use In Native South America, Warwick Bray

Andean Past

The author presents evidence for a now-lost Pre-Columbian emerald source within the territory of present day Ecuador.


The Monoliths Of Chumbivilcas, Cusco: A New Focus On Pukara Culture, Rainer Hostnig, Francois Cuynet May 2022

The Monoliths Of Chumbivilcas, Cusco: A New Focus On Pukara Culture, Rainer Hostnig, Francois Cuynet

Andean Past

Carved monoliths pertaining to the Pukara culture of the Lake Titicaca region are described, illustrated, and analyzed.


The Settlement History Of The Lucre Basin (Cusco, Peru), Brian S. Bauer, Miriam Araoz Silva, Thomas John Hardy May 2022

The Settlement History Of The Lucre Basin (Cusco, Peru), Brian S. Bauer, Miriam Araoz Silva, Thomas John Hardy

Andean Past

This article reports the results of archaeological survey from Oropesa to Andahuayllilas, Peru.


Incas And Arawaks: A Special Relationship Along The Andes-Amazonian Frontier, Darryl Wilkinson May 2022

Incas And Arawaks: A Special Relationship Along The Andes-Amazonian Frontier, Darryl Wilkinson

Andean Past

In this article the author argues that the Incas and the Arawaks had a relationship that was more complementary than antagonistic.


The Dynamics Of The Raya-Raya Farming Site In The Occupational History Of One Sector Of The Quebrada De Humahuaca (Jujuy, Argentina), Augustina Scaro May 2022

The Dynamics Of The Raya-Raya Farming Site In The Occupational History Of One Sector Of The Quebrada De Humahuaca (Jujuy, Argentina), Augustina Scaro

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Joan M. Gero (26 May 1944-14 July 2016), Jack Rossen May 2022

Joan M. Gero (26 May 1944-14 July 2016), Jack Rossen

Andean Past

This is an appreciation of the life and work of feminist archaeologist Joan Gero.


Death Notices-Joerg Haeberli, Laura Laurencich Minelli, Ursula Wagner, Nancy Ellen Kirkhuff Porter, Billie Jean Isbell, Lynn Ann Meisch, & Bernard While Bell Jr., Catherine J. Allen, Monica Barnes, Davide Domenici, Frances M. Hayashida, Vincent R. Lee, Carla Minelli, Carolina Orsini, Izumi Shimada, Ann Pollard Rowe, Sofia Venturoli May 2022

Death Notices-Joerg Haeberli, Laura Laurencich Minelli, Ursula Wagner, Nancy Ellen Kirkhuff Porter, Billie Jean Isbell, Lynn Ann Meisch, & Bernard While Bell Jr., Catherine J. Allen, Monica Barnes, Davide Domenici, Frances M. Hayashida, Vincent R. Lee, Carla Minelli, Carolina Orsini, Izumi Shimada, Ann Pollard Rowe, Sofia Venturoli

Andean Past

This consists of short biographies of deceased scholars Joerg Haeberli, Laura Laurencich Minelli, Ursula Wagner, Nancy Ellen Kirkhuff Porter, Billie Jean Isbell, Lynn Ann Meisch, and Bernard White Bell Jr.


By Stones And By Knots: The Counting And Recording Of Chili Peppers Stored During The Inca Occupation Of The Guarco Administrative Center Of Huacones-Vilcahuasi, Lower Canete Valley, Peru, Sergio Barraza Lescano, Rodrigo Areche Espinola, Giancarlo Marcone Flores May 2022

By Stones And By Knots: The Counting And Recording Of Chili Peppers Stored During The Inca Occupation Of The Guarco Administrative Center Of Huacones-Vilcahuasi, Lower Canete Valley, Peru, Sergio Barraza Lescano, Rodrigo Areche Espinola, Giancarlo Marcone Flores

Andean Past

This article discusses the Inca accounting system as exemplified at the site of Huacones-Vilcahuasi in Peru's Canete Valley.


The Ayllus Of The Chanka Heartland: An Interdisciplinary Assessment, Lucas C. Kellett May 2022

The Ayllus Of The Chanka Heartland: An Interdisciplinary Assessment, Lucas C. Kellett

Andean Past

This article discusses Chanka kinship and social organization in the light of settlement pattern studies, bioarchaeology, and the need for defense.


Research Reports, Andean Past 13, David Chicoine, Beverly Clement, Linda S. Cummings, Victor F. Vasquez S., Teresa Rosales Tham, Kylie E. Quave, Christopher Heaney, Alicia Hoffman, Reed Peck-Kris, Victor Ponte May 2022

Research Reports, Andean Past 13, David Chicoine, Beverly Clement, Linda S. Cummings, Victor F. Vasquez S., Teresa Rosales Tham, Kylie E. Quave, Christopher Heaney, Alicia Hoffman, Reed Peck-Kris, Victor Ponte

Andean Past

This section of Andean Past consists of short reports on macrofloral remains from the Peruvian Early Horizon site of Cayan, on vertebrate remains from Cayan, on a Ychsma or Inca mortuary bundle, and on figurines from the Mareniyoc site in the Callejon de Huaylas.


Creación De Un Seminario Basado En La Equidad De Contenido Y Formato: Un Estudio De Caso Y Un Llamado A La Acción, Elizabeth L. Leclerc, Emily Blackwood, Kit M. Hamley, Frankie St. Amand, Heather A. Landázuri, Madeleine Landrum, Jordi A. Rivera Prince, Monica Barnes, Kristina Douglass, Maria Gutiérrez, Sarah Herr, Kirk A. Maasch, Daniel H. Sandweiss May 2022

Creación De Un Seminario Basado En La Equidad De Contenido Y Formato: Un Estudio De Caso Y Un Llamado A La Acción, Elizabeth L. Leclerc, Emily Blackwood, Kit M. Hamley, Frankie St. Amand, Heather A. Landázuri, Madeleine Landrum, Jordi A. Rivera Prince, Monica Barnes, Kristina Douglass, Maria Gutiérrez, Sarah Herr, Kirk A. Maasch, Daniel H. Sandweiss

Anthropology Faculty Scholarship

Creación de un seminario basado en la equidad de contenido y formato: Un estudio de caso y un llamado a la acción

Creating a Seminar Based on Content and Format Equity: A Case Study and Call to Action


Cultivation Through Excavation: Performing Community And Partnership In The Historic First Baptist Church Project, Eleanor S. Renshaw May 2022

Cultivation Through Excavation: Performing Community And Partnership In The Historic First Baptist Church Project, Eleanor S. Renshaw

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis explores the relationships and partnerships developing around the First Baptist Church -- Nassau Street Archaeology Project in Colonial Williamsburg. Exploring the defining of "descendant community" and the contributions of tourists through the lens of Erving Goffman's stages and participant frameworks, this project looks at the past, present, and future of this project.


An Archaeological Study Of Pit Cellars And Ethnic Identity In Tennessee, Daniel Whitaker Howard Brock May 2022

An Archaeological Study Of Pit Cellars And Ethnic Identity In Tennessee, Daniel Whitaker Howard Brock

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation examines pit cellars in Tennessee. Pit cellars are pits excavated into the ground typically underneath historic structures and are often referred to as subfloor pits, root cellars, or hidey holes. Archaeologists believe these pits were generally used for the storage of food or personal items and can provide valuable household-level information normally not obtained from other features. These pits were usually filled quickly after their use and often contain artifacts which provide data on diet, personal space, kinship, gender, race, ethnicity, class, spiritual beliefs, and the conditions of slavery. Pit cellars were also regularly constructed by their users ...


Life After Steel: How Covid-19 Shed Light On Canton Township's Industrial Past, Daniel D. Dillon Apr 2022

Life After Steel: How Covid-19 Shed Light On Canton Township's Industrial Past, Daniel D. Dillon

Mountaineer Undergraduate Research Review

Undeniably, the COVID-19 pandemic has changed the ways in which life carries on, whether this manifests in the forms of altering how people interact or how individuals work to further career goals. In the field of archaeology, attending an accredited field school takes central importance to developing much-needed skills; however, the virus made such opportunities nonexistent. Seeking a remedy for this rapidly-changing situation, I decided to make the decision to run a “field school” in my parents’ backyard. What was uncovered went beyond the nearly 300 recovered artifacts, extending into the largely unexplored history of Canton Township, Washington, Pennsylvania. Just ...


A Fusion Of Microscopy Technique In Human Coprolite Analysis: The Dyck Cliff Dwelling And The Arid West Cave, William Darwin Hertzel Apr 2022

A Fusion Of Microscopy Technique In Human Coprolite Analysis: The Dyck Cliff Dwelling And The Arid West Cave, William Darwin Hertzel

Anthropology Department Theses and Dissertations

In the two papers that comprise this thesis, I will discuss the dietary complexes of two separate Southwestern archaeological sites excavated in the 20th century through the medium of coprolite analysis. The fusion of microscopy techniques in this project expands the capability of observation and identification of microremains and their use in reconstructing the dietary habits of past peoples. I intend to highlight the value of integrating three separate methods of microscopy for the identification of diet and any practices for using that information to narrow down a coprologically unstudied site location for samples of lost provenience. Additionally, this project ...


Insular Interconnectivity In The Viking Age: A Geospatial View From Norse Jarlshof, Trent Michael Carney Apr 2022

Insular Interconnectivity In The Viking Age: A Geospatial View From Norse Jarlshof, Trent Michael Carney

Anthropology Department Theses and Dissertations

During the Viking Age, settlements and trading centers were often located near lakes, seas, waterways, and sailing routes. As such, access to other locations was facilitated, whether for the purpose of settlement, trade, resource acquisition, or conflict, by some form of seafaring vessel or watercraft. Over the course of the Scandinavian Diaspora, a level of cultural and economic interconnectedness was maintained between mainland Scandinavia and the settlements in the North Atlantic region. This shared link with Scandinavia contributed to the development of local connections between insular and coastal sites within the broader diasporic network. This thesis considers the archaeological evidence ...


Locating A Marketplace At The Ancient Maya City Of Lakamha', Mexico Using The Configurational Approach, Lydia Wolfe, Jonathan Roldan Apr 2022

Locating A Marketplace At The Ancient Maya City Of Lakamha', Mexico Using The Configurational Approach, Lydia Wolfe, Jonathan Roldan

Undergraduate Research Symposium Podium Presentations

Research Goal: Test configurational approach (Rejected markets, Confirmed markets), Propose market location at Lakamha', Mexico