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Pvc-Lot-015-E-011, Russell Smith Feb 2999

Pvc-Lot-015-E-011, Russell Smith

Four Valleys Archive

No abstract provided.


The Deisher Site (36bk450): Reconciling And Reconstructing The Evidence For The Location And Date Of A Probable Lenape Cemetery Site Identified By 1847, Marshall Joseph Becker Oct 2020

The Deisher Site (36bk450): Reconciling And Reconstructing The Evidence For The Location And Date Of A Probable Lenape Cemetery Site Identified By 1847, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

Archived documents as well as records from local oral traditions abound within each of the American colonies. Gathering the accounts relevant to a specific Native American site reveals the extent of such information and how it can help us to reconstruct culture histories for the numerous tribal entities for whom detailed histories are often wanting. The period from 1700 to 1750 in Pennsylvania saw a wide assortment of complex responses of a number of local and immigrant tribal entities as each sought a mechanism by which to maintain their cultural heritage. The Deisher site (36Bk450) has long been known, but ...


Discussion Meeting The Challenge With An Integrated Model For Archaeology Education, Joanne E. Lea Sep 2020

Discussion Meeting The Challenge With An Integrated Model For Archaeology Education, Joanne E. Lea

Journal of Archaeology and Education

The articles in this issue represent collaborations based on papers presented in the session “The Other Grand Challenge: Archaeological Education & Pedagogy in the Next 50 Years” at the 2017 Chacmool Conference at the University of Calgary. A model for Archaeology Education emerged, which integrated accessibility, collaboration, and engagement by focusing on communication. It built on the foundations of Public Archaeology and Archaeology Education in the past, asked us to question our truths and practices in the present, and provided examples and direction for Archaeology Education in the future.


Grand Challenge No. 5: Communicating Archaeology Outreach And Narratives In Professional Practice, Todd J. Kristensen, Meigan Henry, Kevin Brownlee, Adrian Praetzellis, Myra Sitchon Sep 2020

Grand Challenge No. 5: Communicating Archaeology Outreach And Narratives In Professional Practice, Todd J. Kristensen, Meigan Henry, Kevin Brownlee, Adrian Praetzellis, Myra Sitchon

Journal of Archaeology and Education

Communicating archaeology to non-expert audiences can convey the role and value of the discipline, implant respect for heritage, and connect descendant communities to their past. A challenge facing archaeology communicators is to translate complex ideas while retaining their richness and maximizing audience engagement. This article discusses how archaeologists can effectively communicate with non-experts using narrative and visual tools. We provide a communication strategy and three case studies from North America. The examples include the packaging of archaeological theory in the shape of mystery novels for student consumption; the use of artwork to anchor archaeological narratives in public outreach; and, the ...


Grand Challenge No. 4: Curriculum Design – Curriculum Matters: Case Studies From Canada And The Uk, John R. Welch, Michael Corbishley Sep 2020

Grand Challenge No. 4: Curriculum Design – Curriculum Matters: Case Studies From Canada And The Uk, John R. Welch, Michael Corbishley

Journal of Archaeology and Education

Archaeology in the 21st century faces outward more than inward, with many archaeologists working on projects that actively involve young people, descendant communities, diverse colleagues and clients, and the general public. The ways and means of learning and teaching about the past, as outlined in the curricula of primary, secondary, and post-secondary schools, always reflect the prevalent pedagogies of the age. Our paper comments upon two different ways of learning about archaeology. First, it presents an online university graduate program in Canada for post-Baccalaureate Cultural Resource Management (CRM) practitioners and a module on archaeology and education, which may form part ...


Grand Challenge No. 3: Digital Archaeology Technology-Enabled Learning In Archaeology, Meaghan M. Peuramaki-Brown, Shawn G. Morton, Oula Seitsonen, Chris Sims, Dave Blaine Sep 2020

Grand Challenge No. 3: Digital Archaeology Technology-Enabled Learning In Archaeology, Meaghan M. Peuramaki-Brown, Shawn G. Morton, Oula Seitsonen, Chris Sims, Dave Blaine

Journal of Archaeology and Education

Archaeology is traditionally a hands-on, in-person discipline when it comes to formal and informal instruction; however, more and more we are seeing the application of blended and online instruction and outreach implemented within our discipline. To this point, much of the movement in this direction has been related to a greater administrative emphasis on filling university classrooms, as well as the increasing importance of public outreach and engagement when it comes to presenting our research. More recently, we have all had to adjust our activities and interactions in reaction to physical distancing requirements during a pandemic. Whether in a physical ...


Grand Challenge No. 2: Experiential Learning Public Archaeology Internships And Partnerships: The Value Of Experiential Education, Cynthia Zutter, Christie Grekul Sep 2020

Grand Challenge No. 2: Experiential Learning Public Archaeology Internships And Partnerships: The Value Of Experiential Education, Cynthia Zutter, Christie Grekul

Journal of Archaeology and Education

Experiential education is a common part of undergraduate archaeology curricula, often provided in the form of lab and field courses. While these remain important elements, students are now looking for more applied forms of archaeological education that intertwine community needs with understanding the past. The following article outlines the steps taken to create an applied form of experiential education where MacEwan University students participate in an internship at a public archaeology center: Bodo Archaeological Interpretive Centre (BAIC) located in east central Alberta. In our case, students participate in the various tasks that archaeologists conduct, while at the same time serving ...


Grand Challenge No. 1: Truth And Reconciliation Archaeological Pedagogy, Indigenous Histories, And Reconciliation In Canada, Kisha Supernant Sep 2020

Grand Challenge No. 1: Truth And Reconciliation Archaeological Pedagogy, Indigenous Histories, And Reconciliation In Canada, Kisha Supernant

Journal of Archaeology and Education

In 2015, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC) released 94 Calls to Action, many of which pertain to education. Archaeological educators are called to find ways to integrate Indigenous knowledge into our classrooms, our teaching methods, and our curriculum at all levels of education. Across Canada, discussions are happening about how to decolonize and Indigenize curriculum, a process which will have significant implications for archaeological pedagogy. Drawing on both the specific text and the overall ethic of the TRC Calls to Action, I explore who teaches archaeology, what is taught, and what that means for archaeological pedagogy in ...


Introduction The ‘Other Grand Challenge’: Learning And Sharing In Archaeological Education And Pedagogy, Meaghan M. Peuramaki-Brown Sep 2020

Introduction The ‘Other Grand Challenge’: Learning And Sharing In Archaeological Education And Pedagogy, Meaghan M. Peuramaki-Brown

Journal of Archaeology and Education

This article serves as an introduction to a special issue titled "The ‘Other Grand Challenge’: Learning and Sharing in Archaeological Education and Pedagogy." In this introductory article, I briefly discuss the history of university-level archaeological education in Canada, primarily in light of considerations of accessibility and ethics. I then introduce the focus of the conference session I co-organized—dealing with grand challenges for the future of archaeological education and pedagogy, which forms the foundation for this special issue—inspired by a personal existential crisis and the intriguing role of stories and storytelling in archaeological education. The resources presented in this ...


Identity In The Late Woodland Northeast: Interpreting Communities Of Practice From Paste Composition At The Thomas/Luckey And The Losey 3 Sites, Douglas S. Riethmuller Aug 2020

Identity In The Late Woodland Northeast: Interpreting Communities Of Practice From Paste Composition At The Thomas/Luckey And The Losey 3 Sites, Douglas S. Riethmuller

Graduate Dissertations and Theses

Thomas/Luckey’s 13th -15th and Losey 3’s 14th-17th century occupations in the Late Woodland Northeast contain assemblages with incongruous regional pottery types; Kelso Corded and an assumed non-local Shenks Ferry. I argue the presence of Shenks Ferry vessels at these two sites indicates the movement of people who reproduced their natal designs upon arrival, rather than trade. The question of whether identity and communities of practice can be discerned from pottery decorations and paste was answered by analyzing sherds with pXRF. While pottery types are based on visual attributes, pXRF looks at elemental composition. Decoration is mimicable, but ...


Archaeology Or Crime Scene? Teeth Micro And Macro Structure Analysis As Dating Variable, Jessica A. Vincenty Aug 2020

Archaeology Or Crime Scene? Teeth Micro And Macro Structure Analysis As Dating Variable, Jessica A. Vincenty

Student Theses

Simple methods to aid in the determination of forensic or archaeologic relevancy of skeletonized remains have been researched since the 1950s. With advances in microscopic imaging techniques and machine learning computer data analysis methods the relevancy of decontextualized, comingled remains has room for improvement. This thesis is a study done to pioneer a new approach to analyzing dental skeletal remains to determine forensic relevancy.

Archaeological dental samples collected from the ancient city of Ur in modern day southern Iraq in addition to modern dental extractions were processed for scanning electron microscopy imaging. Archaeological and modern samples displayed different surface and ...


Seeing The Invisible: An Integrated Remote Sensing Approach To Mapping Buried Architecture At Las Colmenas, Virú Valley, Peru, Kayla C. Golay Lausanne Jul 2020

Seeing The Invisible: An Integrated Remote Sensing Approach To Mapping Buried Architecture At Las Colmenas, Virú Valley, Peru, Kayla C. Golay Lausanne

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis reports on the results of a survey project conducted in 2018 and 2019, intending to address two main research questions: (1) What remote sensing technique(s) worked best to identify buried features at Las Colmenas? (2) What combinations of techniques proved to be optimal for identifying buried features, and what are the benefits and limitations of the use of an integrated approach? This project incorporated two scales of analysis: macroscale optical and thermal Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) surveys and microscale Ground-Penetrating Radar (GPR), magnetic susceptibility, and magnetometry surveys. A side-by-side comparison proved the thermal UAV, GPR, and magnetic ...


Lesieur, John Bryan "Jack," B. 1986 (Mss 707), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jul 2020

Lesieur, John Bryan "Jack," B. 1986 (Mss 707), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and selected scanned files (Click on "Additional Files" below) for Manuscripts Collection 707. Documentation for an archaeological study, conducted by John Bryan LeSieur, of Kyrock, a planned industrial community in Edmonson County, Kentucky. Includes interviews, photographs, and an interpretive narrative.


Supplementary Material For A Functional Classification Of Hawaiian Curved-Edge Adzes And Gouges, Jennifer G. Kahn, Thomas S. Dye Jul 2020

Supplementary Material For A Functional Classification Of Hawaiian Curved-Edge Adzes And Gouges, Jennifer G. Kahn, Thomas S. Dye

Arts & Sciences Data

This document describes 24 Hawaiian adzes from the collection of B.P. Bishop Museum in Honolulu, Hawaiʻi. It supplements and partially reproduces an article by the authors entitled ”Functional classification of Hawaiian curved-edge adzes and gouges” that was published in the Journal of Pacific Archaeology.


The Orientalizing And Lucanian Tombs From Loc. De Santis I At Pontecagnano By Margit Von Mehren (Book Review), Marshall Joseph Becker Jul 2020

The Orientalizing And Lucanian Tombs From Loc. De Santis I At Pontecagnano By Margit Von Mehren (Book Review), Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Applying Settlement Scaling At Copán: Furthering Exploration Into Ancient Maya Urban Dynamics, Ellis Owen Arnold Codd Jul 2020

Applying Settlement Scaling At Copán: Furthering Exploration Into Ancient Maya Urban Dynamics, Ellis Owen Arnold Codd

Anthropology Department Theses and Dissertations

For decades, many archaeologists did not consider ancient Maya centers such as Tikal, Palenque, and Copán to be cities. While today most archaeologists would agree that large Maya centers were cities, the nature of Maya urbanism is still little understood. Maya cities seem different, and in attempt to explain these differences, they have been termed “garden cities” and “low-density agrarian-based cities.” In this thesis, I apply Settlement Scaling Theory (SST) — a quantitative framework for examining the mathematical relationships between human population, social connectivity, and other socioeconomic urban properties — to examine the quantitative relationship between population and area for communities in ...


Field Excavation Report Season 1: 2018 Summer Field School Millard’S Farmstead 41na416 Permit #8424, Cassandra Smith, Megan Zewe, Leslie G. Cecil Jul 2020

Field Excavation Report Season 1: 2018 Summer Field School Millard’S Farmstead 41na416 Permit #8424, Cassandra Smith, Megan Zewe, Leslie G. Cecil

SFA Archaeology Field School Reports

In the summer of 2018 (June 4-July6), SFA Archaeological Field School (ANT440) was lead by Dr. Leslie G. Cecil and Laura Short (adjunct professor at the time) and had 10 students and one volunteer. The site selected was the Millard’s Farmstead located behind the Nacogdoches ISD Agricultural Center on the Northwest Loop in Nacogdoches, TX. The site is approximately 1.62 acres in area of which only 28 m2 were excavated. Alton Frailey (the NISD superintendent at the time) approved the excavation of the site for multiple field seasons. The site currently sits on NISD property. A pedestrian ...


2014 Field Excavations At The Little Creek Community Nacogdoches County 41na378, Morgan Ballard, Elizabeth Benitez, Jade Boyce, Leslie G. Cecil, Briana Cox, Cynthia Josie Duke, Mitchell Glover, Jennifer Luce, Monty Mcknight, Samantha Valencia Jul 2020

2014 Field Excavations At The Little Creek Community Nacogdoches County 41na378, Morgan Ballard, Elizabeth Benitez, Jade Boyce, Leslie G. Cecil, Briana Cox, Cynthia Josie Duke, Mitchell Glover, Jennifer Luce, Monty Mcknight, Samantha Valencia

SFA Archaeology Field School Reports

In the summer of 2014 (June 2-July 3), SFA Archaeological Field School (ANT 440) was led by Dr. Leslie G. Cecil and had 13 students and three volunteers. The site selected was the Little Creek Community (41NA378) that was decimated by the floods of 1974. The site is approximately six acres in area of which only 51 meters2 were excavated. Brian Bray approved the selection of the site and gave approval for excavations. Today it is under the Nacogdoches Banita Creek Park and Dog Park in Nacogdoches, TX. The location of the community was based on the ethnographic map ...


Arbor Groves 41ho02 Final Report, Jayden Franke, Reagan Harvey, Ezra Jennings, Gabriella Rivera, Leslie G. Cecil Jul 2020

Arbor Groves 41ho02 Final Report, Jayden Franke, Reagan Harvey, Ezra Jennings, Gabriella Rivera, Leslie G. Cecil

SFA Archaeology Field School Reports

Arbor Groves, located in the heart of the Piney Woods and west of multiple large bodies of fresh water, was most likely a sanctuary for woodland animals and early Americans. In fact, artifacts from the Clovis period (ca. 10,000 BP) to the modern era have been excavated from the site. Most of the artifacts excavated during the 2016 field season dated to the late Archaic period (8000-500 BC) to the early Woodlands period (beginning approximately 500 BC). The amount of lithic debris and projectile points found strongly suggest that Arbor Groves was a lithic manufacturing site. The manufacture of ...


Northeast Conference On Andean Archaeology And Ethnohistory (Ncaae) Statement On Sexual Harassment And Community Values, Monica Barnes, Richard L. Burger, Lucy Salazar, Lisa Deleonardis, David Fleming, Dan Sandweiss, Parker Vanvalkenburgh, Matthew Velasco Jun 2020

Northeast Conference On Andean Archaeology And Ethnohistory (Ncaae) Statement On Sexual Harassment And Community Values, Monica Barnes, Richard L. Burger, Lucy Salazar, Lisa Deleonardis, David Fleming, Dan Sandweiss, Parker Vanvalkenburgh, Matthew Velasco

Andean Past Special Publications

This is a statement on sexual harassment and community values signed by eight members of the Northeast Conference on Andean Archaeology and Ethnohistory (NCAAE)


Chronological Listing Of Papers Presented At The Northeast Conference On Andean Archaeology And Ethnohistory, First To Thirty-Eighth Meetings, Richard E. Daggett, Monica Barnes Jun 2020

Chronological Listing Of Papers Presented At The Northeast Conference On Andean Archaeology And Ethnohistory, First To Thirty-Eighth Meetings, Richard E. Daggett, Monica Barnes

Andean Past Special Publications

This is a chronological list of the papers presented at the Northeast Conference on Andean Archaeology and Ethnohistory from 1982 through 2019.


Like Listening To A Seashell: A Midden Analysis From La Consentida, Oaxaca, Mexico, Steven Powell Jun 2020

Like Listening To A Seashell: A Midden Analysis From La Consentida, Oaxaca, Mexico, Steven Powell

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Oaxaca is a state in Southern Mexico with a long history of human occupation. In fact, some of the earliest village sites in Mexico are found there, dating to the Early Formative period (2000 – 1000 BCE). These early settlements provide archaeologists an opportunity to study a time period which saw increasing development of social complexity in Mesoamerica. For this thesis, I examined shellfish remains recovered from middens during excavation at the coastal Oaxacan site of La Consentida conducted by Dr. Guy Hepp in 2012 as part of the La Consentida Archaeological Project. I examine this material for evidence of paleoenvironmental ...


A Chronological Analysis Of Fish Ridge, San Miguel Island, Channel Islands, California, David Faith Jun 2020

A Chronological Analysis Of Fish Ridge, San Miguel Island, Channel Islands, California, David Faith

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

In this thesis, I discuss Fish Ridge on San Miguel Island. Fish Ridge is an area located on east San Miguel Island that contains numerous archaeological sites. For my thesis, I went to San Miguel Island in the summer of 2019 to collect 18 radiocarbon samples from five sites. In this thesis, I present the results of my analysis, which include radiocarbon dating, calibration of the radiocarbon dates, and Bayesian statistical analysis. I offer an interpretation of the results, including a discussion of them and avenues for future research.

Prior to this study, a comprehensive chronological analysis of Fish Ridge ...


Bones, Burials, And The Riddle Of Truth: Reconstructing The Past Through What Has Been Left Behind, Jelena M. Begonja Jun 2020

Bones, Burials, And The Riddle Of Truth: Reconstructing The Past Through What Has Been Left Behind, Jelena M. Begonja

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Mortuary archaeology is known to be the study of human remains and burials. The primary focus of this work has been to study all of the elements associated in burials to learn more about the burial practices and rituals in a group’s culture, however, there is much more potential in studying burial sites than just learning about a group’s burial rituals and practices. This thesis will demonstrate that it is indeed possible to make different inferences about the rest of people’s daily lives, and the truth, based from materials found in studying burials alone. For some groups ...


Ashes To Caches: Is Dust Dust Among The Heterarchichal Maya?, Marshall Joseph Becker Jun 2020

Ashes To Caches: Is Dust Dust Among The Heterarchichal Maya?, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

Caches and burials, or specially placed deposits of all types, among the Classic Period lowland Maya represent the material remains of religious or ritual behaviors. These behaviors are shared by people of all economic levels but expanded according to available economic resources. Discussions of these aspects of material culture commonly focus on elite or upscale examples found within various contexts. At Tikal, as at other Lowland Maya sites, the expression of these rituals varied by the wealth of the participants. Elite offerings involved greater quantities of precious and durable goods such as jade, marine shell, and elaborate lithic items. [FIGURE ...


Prehistory Of The Ica-Nazca Littoral, Peru, Patrick Henry Carmichael, Alana Cordy-Collins May 2020

Prehistory Of The Ica-Nazca Littoral, Peru, Patrick Henry Carmichael, Alana Cordy-Collins

Andean Past Special Publications

Maritime resources played a significant economic role in the prehistoric coastal communities of Central and Northern Peru, and, prior to the current study, it was reasonable to assume they were equally important on the South Coast. In the 1980s, researchers postulated that the Nasca culture of the Early Intermediate Period was a state-level society based on inland agriculture, heavily augmented by aquatic foodstuffs gathered and processed at coastal settlements. Carmichael calls this the Nasca Maritime Hypothesis. It envisioned permanent, ocean front towns providing massive amounts of marine resources to inland centers, in exchange for agricultural produce. The research reported here ...


Life, Death And Burial Practices During The Inca Occupation Of Farfán On Peru's North Coast, Carol J. Mackey, Andrew J. Nelson May 2020

Life, Death And Burial Practices During The Inca Occupation Of Farfán On Peru's North Coast, Carol J. Mackey, Andrew J. Nelson

Andean Past Special Publications

This is a report on Inca burials excavated at the site of Farfán on Peru’s North Coast. Farfán was excavated by Carol J. Mackey from 1999 until 2004. Bioarchaeologist Andrew J. Nelson analyzed the human remains recovered. An important provincial center, Farfán was occupied successively by the Lambayeque, Chimu, and Inca cultures. This monograph postulates that female Inca burials at Farfán were those of aqlla, the “chosen women”, virgins who played important roles variously as weavers of fine cloth and brewers of chicha, as high status brides of important men, as religious officiants, and as the victims of human ...


Exploring The Archaeological And Geographical Past Of Fort Spokane: A Proposal, Hope Sands, Brian Buchanan May 2020

Exploring The Archaeological And Geographical Past Of Fort Spokane: A Proposal, Hope Sands, Brian Buchanan

2020 Symposium Posters

This poster presents the project design of a student-led research project addressing the history and archaeological significance of Fort Spokane, a 19th century military fortification along Lake Roosevelt and south of Coolie Dam, Washington. Portions of the Fort were previously excavated, however, since then not much has been done in terms of archaeological research and key questions remain on the development and landscape history of the fort (Riser and DePuydt 2012). New methodologies and theoretical approaches make this an ideal time to reexamine the fort, and to address key questions on how the fort developed, why it was located where ...


The Impact Of Gender And Class On Disease And Trauma In 18th Century London: A Case Study Of Three Cemetery Populations, Maria A. Barca May 2020

The Impact Of Gender And Class On Disease And Trauma In 18th Century London: A Case Study Of Three Cemetery Populations, Maria A. Barca

Theses and Dissertations

The bioarchaeological study of paleopathology integrates interdisciplinary approaches, such as gender and class theory, and the study of trauma and disease. Using multiple lines of evidence, this thesis examines the impact of gender and class on skeletal evidence for disease and trauma in three 18th century London cemeteries serving different socio-economic populations. Contemporary written sources for prescribed gender and class roles are tested against the bioarchaeological evidence to investigate the extent to which these norms reflected lived reality or differentially impacted the incidence of trauma and disease in populations of varying socioeconomic status. Conformity to prescribed gender roles should be ...


Typological And Iconographic Analyses Of Casas Grandes Pottery At The Milwaukee Public Museum, Samantha Bomkamp May 2020

Typological And Iconographic Analyses Of Casas Grandes Pottery At The Milwaukee Public Museum, Samantha Bomkamp

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis presents the results of analyses conducted on 80 ceramic vessels from the

Casas Grandes region (Chihuahua, Mexico) currently housed at the Milwaukee Public Museum

(MPM). This collection, most of which was donated in 1977, was accompanied with little to no

provenience information, and no research has been conducted on the materials since they came

to the Museum. Drawing upon published studies of Casas Grandes pottery, a detailed coding

scheme was developed in order to record formal and stylistic data that could be used to classify

the vessels typologically and chronologically. Fifteen different ceramic types dating to the Viejo ...