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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Curriculum Vitae, Megan E. Springate Apr 2015

Curriculum Vitae, Megan E. Springate

Megan E. Springate

No abstract provided.


The Evolution Of Equality: Rethinking Variability And Egalitarianism Among Modern Forager Societies, Grant Mccall, Karl Widerquist Jan 2015

The Evolution Of Equality: Rethinking Variability And Egalitarianism Among Modern Forager Societies, Grant Mccall, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

This article is a spin off of our book project, "Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy." Using hunter-gatherer societies as a focus, we argue for a heuristic continuum of egalitarian social systems ranging between relatively strong and weak forms. Weak egalitarianism is characterized by an absence of real political hierarchy, and limited differences between individuals in terms of rank, status, wealth, or power, while strongly egalitarian societies are characterized by these with some combination of powerful sharing and leveling norms, assertive social mechanisms of norm enforcement, extensive formal networks of reciprocity spanning geographical regions, and ritual practices designed to alleviate ...


Cv References, Eric R. Force Jan 2015

Cv References, Eric R. Force

Eric R Force

Attached in chronological order are all my published articles, minus abstracts, showing citations as of 2015 (USGS publications etc. excepted). The greatest number of recent citations have been to my work on titanium-mineral deposits (especially #59) and manganese deposits (especially #54). More recent work includes my monograph on the geology of the Santa Catalina Mountains of Arizona (#79). Current work is on Nova Scotia (#91, 100-102) and tectonic environments of ancient complex cultures (#94, 96, 99, 103, 104). Of interest to those managing response to climate change is #101.


El Surgimiento Del Paisaje Monumentalizado En La Cuenca Del Lago Titicaca, Luis A. Flores Jan 2014

El Surgimiento Del Paisaje Monumentalizado En La Cuenca Del Lago Titicaca, Luis A. Flores

Luis FLORES

The present paper proposes a new interpretation on the origin of the monumentalized landscape in the Titicaca lake area (South-Central Andes), whose consequences were the emergence of barrow structures at the transition from the Formative to the Archaic periods. Such process could be detected through the analysis of the last complex hunter-gatherers’ houses, where domestic and funerary practices coexisted. Both of them allowed the houses to be seen at objects and subjects at the same time within a cyclical system of existence. In that way monumentality is understood as conveying a form of thinking, whose origins are in the domestic ...


Ams Radiocarbon Dates From Prehispanic Fortifications In The Huaura Valley, Central Coast Of Peru, Margaret Brown Vega, Nathan Craig, Brendan Culleton, Douglas Kennett, Gerbert Asencios Lindo Jan 2013

Ams Radiocarbon Dates From Prehispanic Fortifications In The Huaura Valley, Central Coast Of Peru, Margaret Brown Vega, Nathan Craig, Brendan Culleton, Douglas Kennett, Gerbert Asencios Lindo

Margaret Brown Vega

In this paper, we report 11 AMS radiocarbon dates from 8 Prehispanic fortifications located in the Huaura Valley, central coast of Perú. Small fragments of organic material embedded in preserved mud mortar in architecture, and samples from construction layers exposed by looter’s holes were used to date architectural features without undertaking extensive excavations. These dates contribute toward refining the chronology of fort building in the valley, and provide a test for assumptions about temporal change and architectural style. The results indicate that fortifications date to at least 3 periods. These data provide a starting point for exploring the occurrence ...


Overseas Chinese Archaeology, Douglas Ross Jan 2013

Overseas Chinese Archaeology, Douglas Ross

Douglas Ross

No abstract provided.


Index To Triangulating Archaeological Landscapes: The Us Coast Survey In California, 1850-1895, Scott Byram Jan 2013

Index To Triangulating Archaeological Landscapes: The Us Coast Survey In California, 1850-1895, Scott Byram

R. Scott Byram, Ph.D.

Index to ARF Contributions Volume 65.

Volume Abstract:

Archival maps and other field records from nineteenth century surveys of the Pacific Coast of North America are examined for archaeological information using site records, historical documents and landscape characteristics as context. Over fifty archaeological and historical site locations are depicted in sketches, mapped coordinates, topographic maps and narrative text. Representing the early phase of archaeological use of the US Coast Survey materials at the National Archives, this volume demonstrates the wealth of material yet to be incorporated into West Coast research.


Migration Narratives And Material Traces Of A Japanese Canadian Heritage Community, Douglas Ross Nov 2012

Migration Narratives And Material Traces Of A Japanese Canadian Heritage Community, Douglas Ross

Douglas Ross

No abstract provided.


Deadly Powers: Animal Predators And The Mythic Imagination By Paul A. Trout, Lizzy A. Walker Oct 2012

Deadly Powers: Animal Predators And The Mythic Imagination By Paul A. Trout, Lizzy A. Walker

Lizzy A. Walker

Paul Trout's book on animal predators and myth is well researched and presented in such a way that it is informative and entertaining. He illustrates his assertions with numerous examples of myths from ancient cultures. The content is also meant to make the reader "uncomfortable" with the idea that humans did not start out at the top of the food chain. When applicable, Trout likens myths to some modern tales of terror where humanity must face its fear of the predator in various forms, such as in modern horror and science fiction films.


Early Evidence For Complex Social Structure In Proboscidea From A Late Miocene Trackway Site In The United Arab Emirates, Faysal Bibi, Brian Kraatz, Nathan M. Craig, Mark Beech, Mathieu Schuster Jan 2012

Early Evidence For Complex Social Structure In Proboscidea From A Late Miocene Trackway Site In The United Arab Emirates, Faysal Bibi, Brian Kraatz, Nathan M. Craig, Mark Beech, Mathieu Schuster

Nathan M Craig

Many living vertebrates exhibit complex social structures, evidence for the antiquity of which is limited to rare and exceptional fossil finds. Living elephants possess a characteristic social structure that is sex-segregated and multitiered, centred around a matriarchal family and solitary or loosely associated groups of adult males. Although the fossil record of Proboscidea is extensive, the origin and evolution of social structure in this clade is virtually unknown. Here, we present imagery and analyses of an extensive late Miocene fossil trackway site from the United Arab Emirates. The site of Mleisa 1 preserves exceptionally long trackways of a herd of ...


Museo De Aguas De Alicante El Agua En El Origen De Alicante Una Visión Histórico-Arqueológica Desde La Prehistoria Hasta La Época Moderna, Pablo Rosser Jan 2012

Museo De Aguas De Alicante El Agua En El Origen De Alicante Una Visión Histórico-Arqueológica Desde La Prehistoria Hasta La Época Moderna, Pablo Rosser

pablo rosser

A partir de restos arqueológicos, de documentación de archivo y de cartografía histórica, se hace una evolución sobre cómo el agua y su uso permitió el asentamiento de población en Alicante desde el neolítico hasta época contemporánea.


Review Of In The Shadow Of Slavery: Africa's Botanical Legacy In The Atlantic World By Judith A. Carney And Richard N. Rosomoff (2009) University Of California Press, Megan E. Springate Jan 2012

Review Of In The Shadow Of Slavery: Africa's Botanical Legacy In The Atlantic World By Judith A. Carney And Richard N. Rosomoff (2009) University Of California Press, Megan E. Springate

Megan E. Springate

No abstract provided.


Resorts And Reform: Archaeology At The Wiawaka Holiday House, Lake George, New York, Megan E. Springate Jan 2012

Resorts And Reform: Archaeology At The Wiawaka Holiday House, Lake George, New York, Megan E. Springate

Megan E. Springate

The Wiawaka Holiday House on Lake George, New York is among the oldest continuously operating women’s holiday retreats in the United States. The Holiday House was founded on the grounds of a failing resort hotel at the turn of the twentieth century by wealthy women largely from industrial families to provide factory “girls” opportunities for healthful vacations in the countryside. Before the Holiday House was established, the property was the site of two resort hotels; their histories, spanning much of the nineteenth century, reflect the rise and transformations in the Adirondack resort hotel business. Presented in the early stages ...


Comparative Frames For The Diachronic Analysis Of Complex Societies: Next Steps, Gary M. Feinman Jan 2012

Comparative Frames For The Diachronic Analysis Of Complex Societies: Next Steps, Gary M. Feinman

Gary M. Feinman

No abstract provided.


Comparative Frames For The Diachronic Analysis Of Complex Societies: Next Steps, Gary M. Feinman Jan 2012

Comparative Frames For The Diachronic Analysis Of Complex Societies: Next Steps, Gary M. Feinman

Gary M. Feinman

No abstract provided.


The Late Prehispanic Economy Of The Valley Of Oaxaca, Mexico: Weaving Threads From Data, Theory, And Subsequent History, Gary M. Feinman, Linda M. Nicholas Jan 2012

The Late Prehispanic Economy Of The Valley Of Oaxaca, Mexico: Weaving Threads From Data, Theory, And Subsequent History, Gary M. Feinman, Linda M. Nicholas

Gary M. Feinman

Models of prehispanic Mesoamerican economies have long been derived from theoretical constructs broadly associated with Marx’s Asiatic mode of production, specifically the writings of Wittfogel and Polanyi, which emphasized centralized control of irrigation and managed systems of production and distribution. Yet, for the Valley of Oaxaca, ethnographic data point to smaller-scale, more flexible systems of production, the importance of market exchange, and mechanisms for domestic cooperation. Drawing on residential excavation data from three Classic-period sites, systematic regional surveys, and other sources, the authors find that the data from the prehispanic era conform much more closely to the ethnographic findings ...


Book Review: Ceramic Makers' Marks, Douglas Ross Jan 2012

Book Review: Ceramic Makers' Marks, Douglas Ross

Douglas Ross

No abstract provided.


Late Nineteenth- And Early Twentieth-Century Japanese Domestic Wares From British Columbia, Douglas Ross Jan 2012

Late Nineteenth- And Early Twentieth-Century Japanese Domestic Wares From British Columbia, Douglas Ross

Douglas Ross

No abstract provided.


Where The Tinder Was Lit: Archaeological Excavations At The Wesleyan Chapel, Women's Rights National Historical Park, Seneca Falls, New York, Megan E. Springate Oct 2011

Where The Tinder Was Lit: Archaeological Excavations At The Wesleyan Chapel, Women's Rights National Historical Park, Seneca Falls, New York, Megan E. Springate

Megan E. Springate

The Wesleyan Chapel, built in 1843, was the location of the First Women’s Rights Convention held in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848. It is now one of several significant structures that make up the Women’s Rights National Historical Park in Seneca Falls and Waterloo, New York. Over time, the form and the function of the Chapel building has changed – often dramatically. Archaeological investigations at the Wesleyan Chapel have revealed both the extent of these changes and information about the people associated with the property. Results of these excavations, particularly those conducted in 2008, are presented in the ...


Coffin Handles From The African Burial Ground New York City: Notes On Their Source And Context, Megan E. Springate Jun 2011

Coffin Handles From The African Burial Ground New York City: Notes On Their Source And Context, Megan E. Springate

Megan E. Springate

Coffin hardware refers to both functional and decorative elements, generally metallic, used on coffins and caskets in historic mortuary contexts. Examples of coffin hardware include handles, hinges, caplifters, thumbscrews, name plates, and decorative elements. Although the British industry was well-established in the eighteenth century, the mass-produced coffin hardware industry did not take hold in North America until the middle of the nineteenth century. Coffin hardware use in North America pre-dating the establishment of a domestic industry is not unknown; it is, however, uncommon, and generally has been associated with the burials of high social status or wealthy individuals. That said ...


Early Settlement At Bombay Hook, Kent County, Delaware, Megan E. Springate May 2011

Early Settlement At Bombay Hook, Kent County, Delaware, Megan E. Springate

Megan E. Springate

This paper describes early colonial settlement in the vicinity of the Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge, Kent County, Delaware spanning the seventeenth, eighteenth, and early nineteenth centuries. Included is a discussion of the archaeological sensitivity of sunken soils in the marshlands.


A Concealed Shoe Recovered At The Updike Farmstead, Princeton Township, Mercer County, New Jersey, Megan E. Springate May 2011

A Concealed Shoe Recovered At The Updike Farmstead, Princeton Township, Mercer County, New Jersey, Megan E. Springate

Megan E. Springate

This paper describes a protective shoe concealment deliberately placed in the walls of a Princeton, New Jersey farmhouse during the nineteenth century.


World History Encyclopedia, Kevin Murray Mcgeough Jan 2011

World History Encyclopedia, Kevin Murray Mcgeough


No abstract provided.


Geologic Constraints On Rain-Fed Qocha Reservoir Agricultural Infrastructure, Northern Lake Titicaca Basin, Peru, Nathan M. Craig, Mark Aldenderfer, Paul Baker, Catherine Rigsby, :Luis Flores Blanco Jan 2011

Geologic Constraints On Rain-Fed Qocha Reservoir Agricultural Infrastructure, Northern Lake Titicaca Basin, Peru, Nathan M. Craig, Mark Aldenderfer, Paul Baker, Catherine Rigsby, :Luis Flores Blanco

Nathan M Craig

This paper reports new data on qocha ponds from the Rio PucaraeAzángaro interfluvial zone, northern Lake Titicaca Basin, Peru. Qocha are a little known form of Andean agriculture that developed around 800e500 B.C. and remain in use today. Prior estimates suggested that in the study area, there were more than 25,000 qocha. While most Andean sunken beds are excavated to reach groundwater, qocha are rain- fed ponds. How these rain-fed ponds functioned has been an open question, but one that is answered in part by research presented in this paper.We suggest that a thick impermeable stratum of ...


Ground Truthing Of Remotely Identified Fortifications On The Central Coast Of Perú, Margaret Brown Vega, Nathan M. Craig, Gerbert Asencios Lindo Jan 2011

Ground Truthing Of Remotely Identified Fortifications On The Central Coast Of Perú, Margaret Brown Vega, Nathan M. Craig, Gerbert Asencios Lindo

Nathan M Craig

Remote imagery, including freely available satellite images viewed in Google Earth_ and historic aerial photographs, was used to identify anomalies in a 25,000 km2 macroregion encompassing 13 river valleys along the Peruvian coast. These anomalies, located atop hills and mountains, were hypothesized prehispanic fortifications. A sample of remotely identified anomalies was ground truthed in the Huaura and Fortaleza Valleys on the Central Coast of Perú. 140 positive anomalies were documented and assessed using a simple defensibility index. Our results significantly increase the number of fortifications identified in both valleys. We demonstrate the efficacy of this method for locating fortifications ...


Una Reflexión Entorno A “El Espíritu De La Ilustración” De Tzvetan Todorov., Mariado Hinojosa Jan 2011

Una Reflexión Entorno A “El Espíritu De La Ilustración” De Tzvetan Todorov., Mariado Hinojosa

Mariado Hinojosa

Tomando como referencia la obra de Tzvetan Todorov, el presente artículo reflexiona brevemente sobre algunos de los presupuestos heredados de la Ilustración y que marcaron profundamente el horizonte social, cultural y político del pasado siglo XX.


Geologic Constraints On Rain-Fed Qocha Reservoir Agricultural Infrastructure,Northern Lake Titicaca Basin, Peru, Nathan Craig, Mark Aldenderfer, Catherine Rigsby, Paul Baker, Luis A. Flores Jan 2011

Geologic Constraints On Rain-Fed Qocha Reservoir Agricultural Infrastructure,Northern Lake Titicaca Basin, Peru, Nathan Craig, Mark Aldenderfer, Catherine Rigsby, Paul Baker, Luis A. Flores

Luis FLORES

This paper reports new data on qocha ponds from the Rio PucaraeAzángaro interfluvial zone, northern Lake Titicaca Basin, Peru. Qocha are a little known form of Andean agriculture that developed around 800e500 B.C. and remain in use today. Prior estimates suggested that in the study area, there were more than 25,000 qocha. While most Andean sunken beds are excavated to reach groundwater, qocha are rainfed ponds. How these rain-fed ponds functioned has been an open question, but one that is answered in part by research presented in this paper. We suggest that a thick impermeable stratum of clay ...


Artículo Político Campaña Electoral 2011 B, Pablo Rosser Jan 2011

Artículo Político Campaña Electoral 2011 B, Pablo Rosser

pablo rosser

No abstract provided.


Artículo Político Campaña Electoral 2011 C, Pablo Rosser Jan 2011

Artículo Político Campaña Electoral 2011 C, Pablo Rosser

pablo rosser

No abstract provided.


Artículo Político Campaña Electoral 2011 E, Pablo Rosser Jan 2011

Artículo Político Campaña Electoral 2011 E, Pablo Rosser

pablo rosser

No abstract provided.