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Archaeological Anthropology

2007

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Articles 1 - 30 of 126

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Re-Evaluation Of The Main Ridge Site And Adjacent Areas: Quarterly Progress Report, October 1 - December 31, 2007, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2007

Re-Evaluation Of The Main Ridge Site And Adjacent Areas: Quarterly Progress Report, October 1 - December 31, 2007, Margaret N. Rees

Archaeology

• Visited the National Administration of Records and Archives in College Park, Maryland to collect additional archival data for the Finder’s Guide.

• Visited the National Museum of the American Indian to collect additional photographs for the Finder’s Guide.

• Submitted Finder’s Guide documenting the results of the archival study.

• Completed an analysis of the variation in Tusayan White Ware ceramics from Main Ridge.

• Attended the Virgin Anasazi Pottery Conference at the Museum of Northern Arizona.


Archaeological Inventory, Site Assessment, And Data Management, Lake Mead National Recreation Area (Lmnra) And Parashant National Monument (Para): Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2007, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2007

Archaeological Inventory, Site Assessment, And Data Management, Lake Mead National Recreation Area (Lmnra) And Parashant National Monument (Para): Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2007, Margaret N. Rees

Archaeology

• Completed subsurface test excavations at Site 26Ck4943. Field work included the excavation of 11 test units and 10 shovel probes, and the recovery of 52 artifacts and 6.0 gallons of feature fill.

• Inventoried 435 acres, documented 13 new sites and conducted condition assessments on 12 other sites.

• Completed a review of all 1,932 ASMIS site records, of which 857 are sites located within LMNRA or PARA, while 1,075 are “Local Resource Types.”

• Gave five presentations on Task Agreement projects at the Three Corners Conference at UNLV.


Southern Nevada Agency Partnership Cultural Site Stewardship Program – Program Expansion And Steward Retention: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2007, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2007

Southern Nevada Agency Partnership Cultural Site Stewardship Program – Program Expansion And Steward Retention: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2007, Margaret N. Rees

Cultural Site Stewardship Program

• An ATV safety class was conducted to certify Clark County site stewards.

• Stewards reported ten major cultural site impacts and nine lesser impacts.

• Technical design for the new CSSP database is 80% complete.


Site Formation Processes In An Upland Paleoindian Site: The 2005 – 2007 Topper Firebreak Excavations, Darcy Shane Miller Dec 2007

Site Formation Processes In An Upland Paleoindian Site: The 2005 – 2007 Topper Firebreak Excavations, Darcy Shane Miller

Masters Theses

In the Southeastern United States, archaeological sites dating to the Paleoindian period are elusive. This study examined whether the Topper Site (38AL23) in Allendale County, South Carolina has buried, relatively undisturbed Paleoindian deposit using a sample excavation block removed during the 2005-2007 field seasons. Artifact horizons were defined by plotting the density of each bulk provenience against a vertical profile. The vertical displacement of refitted artifacts and the position of diagnostic artifacts were used to test the integrity of these horizons. The results indicate a discrete deposit associated with diagnostic Clovis artifacts. Subsequent analyses tested for horizontal post-depositional movement, and ...


Lost And Found: (Re)-Placing Say Ka In The La Milpa Suburban Settlement Pattern, Jon B. Hageman, Brett A. Houk Dec 2007

Lost And Found: (Re)-Placing Say Ka In The La Milpa Suburban Settlement Pattern, Jon B. Hageman, Brett A. Houk

Anthropology Faculty Publications

The site of Say Ka, less than 4 km from the major center of La Milpa, has generated a large degree of interest among researchers in northwestern Belize in part because of its elusiveness. After being recorded by archaeologists in 1990, Say Ka was "lost"; attempts to relocate it failed for nearly a decade (Figure I). It was fortuitously rediscovered in 1999, and three seasons of excavation began in 2004. This paper considers the history of Say Ka, its rediscovery, the results of initial excavations, and the possible implications of this minor center for studying the La Milpa suburban zone.


Assessment Of Human Trabecular Architecture In The Pubis By Three Radiographic Modalities, Andrew D. Wade, Andrew J. Nelson, Gregory J. Garvin, David W. Holdsworth Nov 2007

Assessment Of Human Trabecular Architecture In The Pubis By Three Radiographic Modalities, Andrew D. Wade, Andrew J. Nelson, Gregory J. Garvin, David W. Holdsworth

Anthropology Presentations

This poster discusses technical aspects of an investigation into the use of non-destructive radiological analyses of pubic cancellous bone structure to estimate age-at-death from human skeletal remains. This study stems from findings, in X-ray plain films, of increased rarification and orientation of trabeculae with age [1]; likely in concert with the macroscopic remodelling of the symphyseal surface currently used in estimation of age-at-death.

The study uses three non-destructive X-ray imaging modalities: plain film radiography, computed tomography (CT), and micro-CT (μCT). Plain film radiography has greater spatial resolution than CT [2] and is relatively inexpensive, widely available, and, with portable X-ray ...


Group Works To Raise Historic Indian's Head Rock From River, Steven Shaffer Oct 2007

Group Works To Raise Historic Indian's Head Rock From River, Steven Shaffer

Indian Head Rock Project

Article published in the Huntington Herald-Dispatch on the removal of Indian Head Rock from October 2, 2007.


Issue 51, Autumn 2007, Society Of Bead Researchers Oct 2007

Issue 51, Autumn 2007, Society Of Bead Researchers

The Bead Forum: Newsletter of the Society of Bead Researchers

Glass Trade Beads: An Assemblage Found on a Shipwreck off the Coast of West Africa, by Lisa Hopwood.


Atua Of The Aga: A Comparison Of Ancestor Worship In The Highlands Of Bali And Polynesia, Jamison Liang Oct 2007

Atua Of The Aga: A Comparison Of Ancestor Worship In The Highlands Of Bali And Polynesia, Jamison Liang

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

The purpose of this study is to understand the practice of ancestor worship among the Bali Aga village of Sukawana and its relation to how its inhabitants trace their origins. When did their ancestors arrive in Sukawana and where did they come from? Did any of their descendents continue to migrate across Indonesia? And how do the Bali Aga practice ancestor reverence through the use of shrines and temples—tangible evidence—in their villages? The responses to these questions provided a platform for comparison to current anthropological, linguistic, and archaeological theories in order to understand how locally constructed truth in ...


Climate Change And Cultural Dynamics: A Global Perspective On Mid-Holocene Transitions, David Anderson Sep 2007

Climate Change And Cultural Dynamics: A Global Perspective On Mid-Holocene Transitions, David Anderson

David G. Anderson

The Middle Holocene epoch (8,000 to 3,000 years ago) was a time of dramatic changes in the physical world and in human cultures. Across this span, climatic conditions changed rapidly, with cooling in the high to mid-latitudes and drying in the tropics. In many parts of the world, human groups became more complex, with early horticultural systems replaced by intensive agriculture and small-scale societies being replaced by larger, more hierarchial organizations. Climate Change and Cultural Dynamics explores the cause and effect relationship between climatic change and cultural transformations across the mid-Holocene (c. 4000 B.C.).


"In This Here Place": Interpreting Enslaved Homeplaces, Whitney L. Battle_Baptiste Sep 2007

"In This Here Place": Interpreting Enslaved Homeplaces, Whitney L. Battle_Baptiste

Whitney Battle-Baptiste

No abstract provided.


Re-Evaluation Of The Main Ridge Site And Adjacent Areas: Quarterly Progress Report, July 1, 2007-September 30, 2007, Margaret N. Rees Sep 2007

Re-Evaluation Of The Main Ridge Site And Adjacent Areas: Quarterly Progress Report, July 1, 2007-September 30, 2007, Margaret N. Rees

Archaeology

• Finalized the report on the fieldwork conducted during the Fall 2006.

• Finalized the Finder’s Guide documenting the results of the archival study.

• Received reports from (a) Dr. Mary Malainey, on the results of the residue study of the Main Ridge pottery, (b) Dr. Linda Scott Cummings, containing the results of the pollen and macrobotanical analyses of samples recovered during the Fall 2006 fieldwork, (c) Sharlyn Anderson, on the results of the ceramic analyses, and (d) Dr. James Watson, on the results of the faunal analyses.

• Visited the National Museum of the American Indian to (a) collect additional archival data ...


Archaeological Inventory, Site Assessment, And Data Management, Lake Mead National Recreation Area (Lame) And Parashant National Monument (Para), Annual Report For 2007, Public Lands Institute Sep 2007

Archaeological Inventory, Site Assessment, And Data Management, Lake Mead National Recreation Area (Lame) And Parashant National Monument (Para), Annual Report For 2007, Public Lands Institute

Archaeology

This cooperative task agreement was awarded to the Public Lands Institute (PLI) at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) on October 1, 2006, with the term ending on September 30, 2008. The following information constitutes an annual report for all of the major activities performed during the first year of this agreement, as stipulated. A brief summary of all work performed for each project in the agreement between October 1, 2006 and September 30, 2007 is presented. Other important tasks or activities associated with this agreement, but not identified under any specific project, also are summarized.

Executive Summary

• More ...


Southern Nevada Agency Partnership Cultural Site Stewardship Program – Program Expansion And Steward Retention: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Covering July 1 – September 30, 2007, Margaret N. Rees Sep 2007

Southern Nevada Agency Partnership Cultural Site Stewardship Program – Program Expansion And Steward Retention: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Covering July 1 – September 30, 2007, Margaret N. Rees

Cultural Site Stewardship Program

• Stewards have been assigned sites in the Desert National Wildlife Range for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

• The CSSP has expanded into the Laughlin area, the southernmost region of Nevada, the last stage of five designated stewardship areas in Clark County.

• Two basic training classes were conducted, adding 33 new site stewards.

• Stewards reported a total of 63 significant site impacts for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2007, as opposed to 51 significant impacts for the same period last year.

• Creation of a CSSP relational database is underway.

• Annual reports are being prepared for federal agencies.


Removal Of Indian Head Rock, Unknown. Sep 2007

Removal Of Indian Head Rock, Unknown.

Indian Head Rock Project

Removal of Indian Head Rock on September 9, 2007.


Removal Of Indian Head Rock, Unknown. Sep 2007

Removal Of Indian Head Rock, Unknown.

Indian Head Rock Project

Removal of Indian Head Rock on September 9, 2007.


Removal Of Indian Head Rock, Unknown. Sep 2007

Removal Of Indian Head Rock, Unknown.

Indian Head Rock Project

Removal of Indian Head Rock on September 9, 2007.


Historic River Rock Rescued, Frank Lewis Sep 2007

Historic River Rock Rescued, Frank Lewis

Indian Head Rock Project

Article published in the Portsmouth Daily Times on the extraction of the Indian Head Rock on September 9, 2007.


Sociopolitical And Geomorphologic Dynamics At Chavín De Huántar, Peru, Daniel A. Contreras Aug 2007

Sociopolitical And Geomorphologic Dynamics At Chavín De Huántar, Peru, Daniel A. Contreras

Daniel A. Contreras

The research presented here links questions of human-environment interaction and emergent sociopolitical complexity in the context of the Central Andean Formative Period, at the early monumental center of Chavín de Huántar. Recent work in the monumental core of Chavín has focused more on architecture than environment, leading to the development of a model of “built authority” at Chavín—a vision of monumental construction and ritual practice at the site as part of a carefully designed elite project of naturalizing social inequality and elite authority. My work links this local approach to sociopolitical dynamics at Chavín with broad-based approaches to Andean ...


Gis Aided Archaeological Research Of El Camino Real De Los Tejas With Focus On The Landscape And River Crossings Along El Camino Carretera., Jeffrey M. Williams Aug 2007

Gis Aided Archaeological Research Of El Camino Real De Los Tejas With Focus On The Landscape And River Crossings Along El Camino Carretera., Jeffrey M. Williams

Faculty Publications

Many generations of indigenous pathways through the forests of eastern Texas have their origins obscured in antiquity. Utilized by early European explorers, these pathways became modified through heavy use and the expansions and improvements needed to accommodate easy passage of European horses and carts and finally the heavy wagons of Anglo-American settlers. The first road through Texas, El Camino Real de Los Tejas, utilized portions of these early trails.

El Camino Carretera (known as the cart road) is an early segment of El Camino Real de los Tejas that crossed the Sabine River at the boundary between Texas and Louisiana ...


Informe Preliminar Del Trabajo, 2007, John H. Walker, Jaime Bocchietti Aug 2007

Informe Preliminar Del Trabajo, 2007, John H. Walker, Jaime Bocchietti

ProSIGAB Documents

No abstract provided.


Review Of The Archaeology Of Chaco Canyon: An Eleventh-Century Pueblo Regional Center, Edited By Stephen H. Lekson, Carrie Heitman Jul 2007

Review Of The Archaeology Of Chaco Canyon: An Eleventh-Century Pueblo Regional Center, Edited By Stephen H. Lekson, Carrie Heitman

Anthropology Faculty Publications

The Archaeology of Chaco Canyon is one of two synthesis volumes resulting from the National Park Service Chaco Project (1971-1982) (see also Mathien 2005). As the capstone to that project, this volume has much to offer the student of Chaco and those interested in the intellectual history and trajectories of archaeological theory. From 1999 to 2004, Stephen Lekson (and many others) organized six working conferences to address different dimensions of Chacoan prehistory. Broadly called the Chaco Synthesis, the topics included ecology and economy, architecture, the organization of production, the Chaco world, and so- ciety and polity and concluded with a ...


Archaeological Inventory, Site Assessment, And Data Management, Lake Mead National Recreation Area (Lake Mead Nra) And Parashant National Monument (Para): Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending June 30, 2007, Margaret N. Rees Jun 2007

Archaeological Inventory, Site Assessment, And Data Management, Lake Mead National Recreation Area (Lake Mead Nra) And Parashant National Monument (Para): Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending June 30, 2007, Margaret N. Rees

Archaeology

• Inventoried 4,000 acres and recorded 59 archaeological sites for NPS and BLM Fire Management Projects

• Archaeological Field School at site AZ A:14:50 in progress

• Information on over 1,200 sites obtained for settlement pattern study; pilot database complete

• Draft report for Lost City Class III Inventory complete

• Four presentations/posters given at professional conferences/research forums


The Shifting Baseline Of Northern Fur Seal Ecology In The Northeast Pacific Ocean, Seth D. Newsome, Michael A. Etnier, Diane Gifford-Gonzalez, Donald L. Phillips, Marcel Van Tuinen, Elizabeth A. Hadley, Daniel P. Costa, Douglas J. Kennett, Tom P. Guilderson, Paul L. Koch Jun 2007

The Shifting Baseline Of Northern Fur Seal Ecology In The Northeast Pacific Ocean, Seth D. Newsome, Michael A. Etnier, Diane Gifford-Gonzalez, Donald L. Phillips, Marcel Van Tuinen, Elizabeth A. Hadley, Daniel P. Costa, Douglas J. Kennett, Tom P. Guilderson, Paul L. Koch

Anthropology Faculty and Staff Publications

Historical data provide a baseline against which to judge the significance of recent ecological shifts and guide conservation strategies, especially for species decimated by pre-20th century harvesting. Northern fur seals (NFS; Callorhinus ursinus) are a common pinniped species in archaeological sites from southern California to the Aleutian Islands, yet today they breed almost exclusively on offshore islands at high latitudes. Harvest profiles from archaeological sites contain many unweaned pups, confirming the presence of temperate-latitude breeding colonies in California, the Pacific Northwest, and the eastern Aleutian Islands. Isotopic results suggest that prehistoric NFS fed offshore across their entire range, that California ...


Clark County Cultural Site Stewardship Program: Final Project Report, George Phillips, Margaret N. Rees May 2007

Clark County Cultural Site Stewardship Program: Final Project Report, George Phillips, Margaret N. Rees

Cultural Site Stewardship Program

Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity through Community Partnerships – Cultural Site Stewardship Program is a Round 4 Southern Nevada Public Land Management Act (SNPLMA)- funded project implemented by the University of Nevada, Las Vegas Public Lands Institute on behalf of and in cooperation with four Federal agencies. This project resulted in the design, development, and implementation of an Interagency Cultural Site Stewardship Program. The program:

  • Was recognized with Department of the Interior Cooperative Conservation Service Award (2007).
  • Was modeled after the successful Arizona Site Steward Program developed and implemented with the following components:
  • ─ recruitment activities
    ─ required classroom and field training and optional ...


Variations In Style In Eastern Abenaki Narratives, Pauleena Macdougall May 2007

Variations In Style In Eastern Abenaki Narratives, Pauleena Macdougall

Papers on the Penobscot Language

In this article, MacDougall discusses different variations in the Eastern Abenaki narratives.


Peruvian Beach Ridges: Records Of Human Activity And Climate Change, David A. Reid May 2007

Peruvian Beach Ridges: Records Of Human Activity And Climate Change, David A. Reid

Honors College

Among the many unusual features of the desert coast of northern Peru are the five major beach-ridge sets: Santa (9˚S), Piura (5˚30' S), Colán (5˚S), Chira (4˚50' S), and Tumbes (3˚40’ S). These features of the landscape began forming after 5800 cal yr B.P., initiated by severe El Niño and seismic events. Archaeological remains on the beach-ridge sets of Santa, Colán, and Chira provide evidence of local prehistoric peoples. The extent of prehistoric occupation and utilization of beach ridges varied due to environmental limitations influenced by beach-ridge substrate material, local paleoenvironments, and climate-change events.


Issue 50, Spring 2007, Society Of Bead Researchers Apr 2007

Issue 50, Spring 2007, Society Of Bead Researchers

The Bead Forum: Newsletter of the Society of Bead Researchers

No abstract provided.


Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 68, No. 1, Massachusetts Archaeological Society Apr 2007

Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 68, No. 1, Massachusetts Archaeological Society

Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society

  • Editor's Note (James W. Bradley)
  • A Prehistory of Boston Common (Joseph M. Bagley)
  • PaleoIndian Sites and Finds in the Lower Merrimac River Drainage (James W. Bradley)
  • A Preliminary Report on the McWade Site: A Middle Archaic Site on Massachusetts Bay (Jeff Boudreau and Mike McWade)
  • Additional Information on Late Archaic Caches in Essex County (Eugene Winter)
  • A Late Middle Woodland Burial at Seaver Farm (William Taylor)


The Relationship Of The Maya And Teotihuacan: A Mesoamerican Mystery, Keith Ferguson Apr 2007

The Relationship Of The Maya And Teotihuacan: A Mesoamerican Mystery, Keith Ferguson

Inquiry Journal 2007

No abstract provided.