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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Ancestral Caddo Fine Ware Vessels From Cahokian Sites In The Mid-Continent, Ca. A.D. 1050-1300, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 2020

Ancestral Caddo Fine Ware Vessels From Cahokian Sites In The Mid-Continent, Ca. A.D. 1050-1300, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Ancestral Caddo ceramic vessels and ceramic vessel sherds have been identified from Cahokia and other sites in the U.S. Midwest in contexts dating from ca. A.D. 1050-1300. Archaeological findings from recent work in the East St. Louis Precinct by the Illinois State Archaeological Survey provides a wealth of data on the Mississippian ceramics found there as well as ceramic wares of likely ancestral Caddo manufacture. These Caddo wares comprise less than 0.3 percent of the more than 15,600 vessel batches in the East St. Louis Precinct assemblage, and almost all of them are on local pastes ...


The Oliver Bolton Collection Of Dart And Spear Points From Camp County, Texas, And Other Remarks, Robert L. Turner Jan 2020

The Oliver Bolton Collection Of Dart And Spear Points From Camp County, Texas, And Other Remarks, Robert L. Turner

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This article analyzes the Bolton Collection of 1384 lithic artifacts, including dart and spear points from the Paleoindian through the Woodland periods. The analysis places the points in the sequence used by Perttula. The points are compared with those from the middle Sabine River basin counties as well as the analysis of the Archaic points of the Cypress Creek drainage basin. In addition, the Archaic and Woodland population density of Camp County based on the proportional frequency of projectile points of known age is compared with that of the middle Sabine River basin counties and the Cypress Basin. Additional comparisons ...


The Long Site (41ce330), An Ancestral Caddo Site On Box’S Creek In The Neches River Basin, Cherokee County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Kevin Stingley Jan 2020

The Long Site (41ce330), An Ancestral Caddo Site On Box’S Creek In The Neches River Basin, Cherokee County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Kevin Stingley

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Long site is principally an ancestral Caddo site dating primarily to the Early Caddo period, and the Alto phase, on Box’s Creek in the Neches River basin in the East Texas Pineywoods. A few diagnostic decorated ceramic vessel sherds and radiocarbon dates also indicate that there is a Middle Caddo period (ca. A.D. 1200-1400) component there as well, along with a mid-19th century Anglo-American component on only one part of the site.


Archeological Investigations In The Upper Trinity River Basin In Parker County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Karen S. Bruwelheide, Douglas Owsley, Lanie Garmon Jan 2020

Archeological Investigations In The Upper Trinity River Basin In Parker County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Karen S. Bruwelheide, Douglas Owsley, Lanie Garmon

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Homer Norris (1929-2018), a commercial artist by profession and a life-time resident of eastern Parker County, in North-Central Texas, in the South Fork and Clear Fork drainages of the upper Trinity River basin, roamed the landscape from at least 30-50 years ago in search of archeological evidence of Native American use and settlement in the basin. He took and maintained detailed notes, records, and drawings of the sites he found and the artifacts he recovered, as well as pertinent information on the context of finds, including those noted eroding out of stream cut banks and in stream beds of the ...


Cultural Resources Survey Of Antiquities Permit Portions Of The Orion Refurbishment Project In Midland And Mitchell Counties, Texas, Tony Scott Jan 2020

Cultural Resources Survey Of Antiquities Permit Portions Of The Orion Refurbishment Project In Midland And Mitchell Counties, Texas, Tony Scott

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Gray and Pape, Inc., performed an intensive pedestrian cultural resources survey of the Area of Potential Effects of permitted segments of proposed pipeline refurbishment located in Midland and Mitchell Counties, Texas. To date, no federal permitting has been identified for the project. However, approximately 3.2 kilometers (2 miles) of the project area are located on lands owned by the City of Midland and the City of Colorado City, and will be reviewed under the Texas Antiquities Code (Texas Natural Resource Code, Title 9, Chapter 191), Permit number 8677. The area surveyed amounts to approximately 20 hectares (50 acres) of ...


Cultural Resources Monitoring For The San Antonio Water Systems Sewer Line Repair Project, San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, Chris Matthews, Lindy Martinez Jan 2020

Cultural Resources Monitoring For The San Antonio Water Systems Sewer Line Repair Project, San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, Chris Matthews, Lindy Martinez

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Raba Kistner, Inc. (RKI) was contracted by K-Friese + Associates (CLIENT), on behalf of San Antonio Water Systems (SAWS) to conduct archaeological monitoring for emergency repairs to a collapsed sewer lateral within West Houston Street in downtown San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas. The project involved the excavation of the area around the collapsed portion of the sewer lateral and the replacement of the damaged line. The project is located within the boundaries of a Catholic Cemetery and is between Milam Square (41BX991), which is a historic cemetery, and an area of the Children’s Hospital of San Antonio where the first ...


Cultural Resources Monitoring Investigations For The San Antonio Water Systems (Saws) Silverhorn Rehabilitation Project San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, Jason M. Whitaker Jan 2020

Cultural Resources Monitoring Investigations For The San Antonio Water Systems (Saws) Silverhorn Rehabilitation Project San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, Jason M. Whitaker

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Raba Kistner, Inc. (RKI), was contracted by K Friese + Associates (CLIENT) to conduct cultural resources monitoring investigations for the San Antonio Water Systems (SAWS) Silverhorn Rehabilitation Project in northern San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas. The project involved rehabilitating 3,690 linear feet of existing sewer line within the Silverhorn Golf Club, which is within the Walker Ranch National Register District. The majority of the proposed undertaking was conducted by non-invasive methods (i.e., cured-in-place-pipe (CIPP)); however, point repairs involving excavations were conducted in areas where broken pipe was encountered. Given that the proposed undertaking is located on lands owned by ...


Archaeological Investigations Of Sections Of The San Pedro (41bx337) And Upper Labor (41bx1273) Acequias In San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, Sarah Wigley Jan 2020

Archaeological Investigations Of Sections Of The San Pedro (41bx337) And Upper Labor (41bx1273) Acequias In San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, Sarah Wigley

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

On January 21 and February 19 of 2020, the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) excavated five exploratory backhoe trenches within two project areas in central San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas. Project Area 1 is located at 209 E. Fredericksburg Road, and Project Area 2 is at 712 W. Laurel Street. CAR was contracted by the VIA Metropolitan Transit Authority (VIAMTA) to conduct an archaeological investigation of the two locations as they planned to use the areas for employee parking lots. Plans called for the areas to be excavated to a total depth of 25.4 cm (10 in.), with 15 ...


An Intensive Cultural Resources Investigation For The Redbud Pump Station Transmission Water Line Project Collin County, Texas, Karen Belvin Jan 2020

An Intensive Cultural Resources Investigation For The Redbud Pump Station Transmission Water Line Project Collin County, Texas, Karen Belvin

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The City of McKinney (City) is proposing to construct and maintain 2.2 kilometers (km; 1.4 miles [mi]) of 42- inch (in) water transmission line for the Redbud Pump Station Transmission Water Line Project (Project) located within the City of McKinney, in west-central Collin County, Texas (Appendix A, Figure 1). On behalf of the City, BGE, Inc. (BGE) conducted an intensive pedestrian survey augmented by shovel testing of the Project. Because the proposed project is being contracted by the City of McKinney, a political subdivision of the state of Texas, the project sponsor is required under the Texas Antiquities ...


Cultural Resources Investigations For The University Of Texas Health Science Center At San Antonio Project, Bexar County, Texas, Sophia Salgado, Laura Clark Jan 2020

Cultural Resources Investigations For The University Of Texas Health Science Center At San Antonio Project, Bexar County, Texas, Sophia Salgado, Laura Clark

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

At the request of TriLeaf Corporation (TriLeaf), SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted a cultural resources investigation for the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (UTHSCSA) Project (Project) located in Bexar County, Texas. The Project involves the installation of a 432-foot-long (132-meter [m]-long) fiber-optic communication line directly south of Floyd Curl Drive in northwest San Antonio, Texas. The total disturbance of the proposed Project area measures approximately 0.28 acre (0.1 hectare [ha]) in size. The Project area is situated on the grounds of UTHSCSA and located approximately 8.48 miles (13.65 kilometers [km]) from ...


Marine Archaeology Assessment Of The South Terminal Project Orange And Jefferson Counties, Texas, Robert Gearhart Jan 2020

Marine Archaeology Assessment Of The South Terminal Project Orange And Jefferson Counties, Texas, Robert Gearhart

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

BOB Hydrographics, LLC (BOB) conducted a marine archaeological assessment in support of the Orange County South Terminal Project. The South Terminal is proposed on an oxbow channel of the Neches River, downstream from Beaumont, to accommodate loading and unloading of ships and barges and an adjacent tank storage facility. Plans for marine portions of the property include construction of two ship docks and one new barge dock. Dredging will remove sediments down to an elevation of -42 feet (ft) Mean Lower Low Water (MLLW) to create ship berths and a turning basin. Planned future expansion would increase the depth of ...


Cultural Resources Survey Of Portions Of The Rio Bravo Lng Pipeline On Port Of Brownsville Lands, Cameron County, Texas, Steve Carpenter, Christina Nielsen, Jessica Ulmer, Mercedes C. Cody, Janaka Greene Jan 2020

Cultural Resources Survey Of Portions Of The Rio Bravo Lng Pipeline On Port Of Brownsville Lands, Cameron County, Texas, Steve Carpenter, Christina Nielsen, Jessica Ulmer, Mercedes C. Cody, Janaka Greene

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

On behalf of Ecology and Environment, Inc. (E & E), Rio Grande LNG, LLC, and Rio Bravo Pipeline Company, LLC (RB Pipeline), SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted cultural resources surveys of portions of the Rio Bravo Pipeline on lands owned or controlled by the Port of Brownsville in Cameron County, Texas. Rio Grande LNG, LLC proposes to construct a natural gas liquefaction facility and liquefied natural gas (LNG) export terminal (Terminal) in Cameron County, Texas, along the north embankment of the Brownsville Ship Channel. In concert with the Terminal, RB Pipeline proposes to construct an associated pipeline system (Pipeline System/Project) within Cameron, Willacy, Kenedy, Kleberg, and Jim Wells Counties, Texas to allow for interconnection with a network of existing pipelines that traverse the northern end of Kleberg County and Jim Wells County. The proposed Pipeline System/Project will collect and transport natural gas to the Terminal site. In compliance with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers permitting requirements and oversight, SWCA conducted cultural resources investigations in compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) (54 U.S.C. 306108) and its implementing regulations in 36 Code of Federal Regulations 800. Although the entire Project is subject to compliance with Section 106 of the NHPA, this stand-alone report specifically addresses portions of the alignment that will be located on lands owned by the Port of Brownsville (Port). Since the Port is a political subdivision of the state, investigations were conducted in compliance with the Antiquities Code of Texas (ACT) under ACT Permit No. 8588 administered by the Texas Historical Commission (THC). The data in this report is also presented in Addendum IV (Carpenter et al., 2020) to the final report (Nielsen et al., 2016) of the overall investigations.

The investigations covered 0.58 mile (0.93 kilometers [km]) of proposed pipeline corridor within a 200-foot-wide (60.96-meter [m]-wide) pipeline survey corridor, and 0.31 mile (0.50 km) of proposed access roads within a 50-foot-wide (15.24-m-wide) access roads survey corridor, for a Project Area total of approximately 15.8 acres within Port property. The cultural resources investigations included a background and historical map review, and an intensive pedestrian survey with subsurface testing. The background review identified nine previously conducted archaeological surveys within a 1-mile radius of the Project Area, three of which intersect the current Project Area. The background review identified no previously recorded archaeological sites within the Project Area; however, seven archaeological sites are within a 1-mile radius none of which are immediately adjacent (within 300 feet [91.44 m]) to the Project Area. In addition, a review of historical maps determined that there are no historic-age structures or features mapped within or immediately adjacent to the Project Area.

SWCA archaeologists conducted the cultural resources intensive pedestrian survey on October 22, 2018. The investigation revealed an extensively disturbed setting due to historic & modern development in the area mainly associated with the Port. SWCA archaeologists excavated a total of nine shovel tests within the Project Area all negative for cultural materials. No cultural materials or features or historic-age structures were identified within the Project Area during the field survey.

In accordance with the ACT and Section 106 of the NHPA, SWCA has made a reasonable and good faith effort to identify cultural resources within the Project Area of Potential Effects (APE). No cultural resources were identified within the Project Area during the current investigations. Accordingly, no further investigation is recommended for the assessed sections of the Project Area. The THC concurred with these findings and recommendations on January 14, 2020. No artifacts were recovered; documentation will be curated at the Texas Archeological Research Laboratory of The University of Texas at Austin.


Cultural Resources Survey Of The Proposed Moore Park Athletic Complex, Plano, Collin County, Texas, Brett Lang, Melissa M. Green Jan 2020

Cultural Resources Survey Of The Proposed Moore Park Athletic Complex, Plano, Collin County, Texas, Brett Lang, Melissa M. Green

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In March 2020, an intensive cultural resources survey of the proposed Moore Park athletic complex in Plano, Collin County, Texas was completed in order to inventory all cultural resources. The project parcel currently lies within an open field at the southwest corner of the intersection of Chaparral Road and Cottonwood Creek. It is bounded by Chaparral Road on the north, Cottonwood Creek to the east, Bright Star Way on the south, and Cloverhaven Way on the west in a densely residential developed area. A North Texas Municipal Water District building is located in the far northwestern corner near Cottonwood Creek ...


Significance Testing Of Archeological Site 41sr242, The Cornelio Alvarez Sr. Site, Starr County, Texas, Stephen M. Carpenter, Christopher W. Ringstaff, Mercedes C. Cody, James T. Abbott, Ken Lawrence, Chris Shelton, Charles D. Frederick, Christina Nielsen Jan 2020

Significance Testing Of Archeological Site 41sr242, The Cornelio Alvarez Sr. Site, Starr County, Texas, Stephen M. Carpenter, Christopher W. Ringstaff, Mercedes C. Cody, James T. Abbott, Ken Lawrence, Chris Shelton, Charles D. Frederick, Christina Nielsen

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT), conducted National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) eligibility testing of the Cornelio Alvarez Sr. site (41SR242) as part of the State Loop (SL) 195 project (Project) (CSJ: 3632-01-001) in Starr County, Texas. Subsequent to the field investigations, SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted artifact analysis, reporting, and curation preparation for the multi-component historic and prehistoric site. Investigations were conducted in compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (54 United State Code 30601) and the Antiquities Code of Texas (9 Natural Resources Code). The investigations assessed the site’s eligibility for listing on ...


Intensive Cultural Resources Survey Of The Proposed City Of Conroe Stewarts Creek Wastewater System Improvements Project, Conroe, Montgomery County, Texas, Jeffrey D. Owens, Jesse O. Dalton Jan 2020

Intensive Cultural Resources Survey Of The Proposed City Of Conroe Stewarts Creek Wastewater System Improvements Project, Conroe, Montgomery County, Texas, Jeffrey D. Owens, Jesse O. Dalton

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Horizon Environmental Services, Inc. (Horizon) was selected by LJA Engineering, Inc. (LJA), on behalf of the City of Conroe, to conduct a cultural resources inventory and assessment for the proposed Stewarts Creek Wastewater System Improvements Project in Conroe, Montgomery County, Texas. The proposed undertaking would consist of rehabilitating and replacing approximately 2.1 kilometers (1.3 miles) of existing gravity sewer pipeline that runs along the western terraces of Stewarts Creek in the southeastern portion of Conroe. The segment of the existing sewer line proposed for rehabilitation and replacement runs along the western terraces of Stewarts Creek extending from Avenue ...


Short Report On An Intensive Archeological Survey For The Schertz-Seguin Local Government Corporation’S Proposed Sh123/Austin Street Water Line Installation Project, Guadalupe County, Texas, Steven Sarich, Josh Haefner Jan 2020

Short Report On An Intensive Archeological Survey For The Schertz-Seguin Local Government Corporation’S Proposed Sh123/Austin Street Water Line Installation Project, Guadalupe County, Texas, Steven Sarich, Josh Haefner

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Schertz-Seguin Local Government Corporation (Client) is proposing to construct an 18-inch water main pipeline along the west side of State Highway (SH) Business 123 (Stockdale Highway/South Austin Street) crossing of the Guadalupe River in the City of Seguin, Guadalupe County, Texas (Project). According to current design plans, the proposed water line would be connected to an existing pipeline located approximately 75 feet (ft) [23 meters (m)] north of the Guadalupe River near the existing Max Starke Park Water Treatment Plant and an existing main pipeline located approximately 75 ft (23 m) south of the Guadalupe River along SH 123 ...


Cultural Resources Report For The Cane Island Branch Section Of The Buffalo Bayou Project Between Katy-Flewellen Road And Kingsland Boulevard In Fort Bend County, Texas, Robert Krause, James Hughey, Jacob Hilton Jan 2020

Cultural Resources Report For The Cane Island Branch Section Of The Buffalo Bayou Project Between Katy-Flewellen Road And Kingsland Boulevard In Fort Bend County, Texas, Robert Krause, James Hughey, Jacob Hilton

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Gray & Pape, Inc., of Houston, Texas, under contract with BIO-WEST, Inc., has prepared the following report on cultural resources management activities in Fort Bend County, Texas. The project includes an archaeological survey of a total of approximately 0.93 kilometers (0.58 miles) along Buffalo Bayou between Katy-Flewellen Road and Kingsland Boulevard in Katy, Texas. The archaeological Area of Potential Effects is defined as the maintenance corridor, 30 to 60 meters (98 to 196 feet) long. The goal of this study was to assist Fort Bend County, the Texas Historical Commission, and the lead federal agency in determining whether or not intact cultural resources are present within areas for construction, and if so to provide management recommendations for these resources. All activities described herein were subject to Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act and issuance of an Antiquities Permit for Archeology (Permit 9319) applied for by Gray & Pape, Inc. on February 13, 2020, and issued by the Texas Historical Commission. No diagnostic or non-diagnostic artifacts were collected in the course of the current survey. As a project permitted through the Texas Historical Commission; however, Gray & Pape, Inc. submitted project records to the Center of Archaeological Studies at Texas State University. The Natural Resource Conservation Service is the lead federal agency for the project.

Fieldwork was conducted between March 12 and March 16, 2020 and required approximately 40person hours to complete. Subsurface testing included a combination of systematic shovel testing and judgement sample auger probing. The site file research revealed two previously recorded archaeological sites (41FB101 and 41FB102) are located within the project area. At the beginning of the survey, an initial attempt was made to relocate previously recorded Sites 41FB101 and 41FB102 through surface inspection and limited shovel testing across the Area of Potential Effects along both sides of Buffalo Bayou. Recent disturbances from mechanical excavation along the channel slopes, the dumping of spoil across the surface of the two-track right-of-way along the bayou, and the active installation of sheet piling were photographed and mapped. Sites 41FB101 and 41FB102 could not be relocated within the Area of Potential Effects during the surface inspection, shovel testing or auger probing. No other historic or prehistoric artifacts or cultural features were identified as a result of this survey.

During the initial reconnaissance, Rangia shells (n=8), including whole (closed) specimens and half shell, were observed on the surface in an area recently disturbed by heavy machinery. The shells were located east of Site 41FB101 along the two-track right-of-way and slope of the east bank of Buffalo Bayou. The majority of them were smaller than 3 centimeters (1.2 inches), with one whole specimen measuring approximately 6 centimeters (2.4 inches). Surface and subsurface inspection in the immediate area of these specimens failed to find evidence of associated cultural features or artifacts on the surface or in a buried context. A variety of modern bricks and brick fragments were also observed along the inner slopes of the east bank near the shell scatter. These same materials were later observed among the variety of riprap materials along the west bank of the bayou west of Site 41FB102 near a residential property immediately adjacent to the Area of Potential Effects. No additional cultural materials were observed on the surface with the exception of modern debris including plastics and aluminum cans.

Gray & Pape, Inc. is not recommending a site designation for the Rangia shell or brick scatter observed during the survey for the foregoing reasons:1) there were no intact, buried deposits or features found; 2) there was no material that could be positively identified as artifacts; 3) the bricks observed were modern and likely deposited by landowners in attempts to prevent erosion; 4) the size, quantity, and inclusion of whole Rangia identified on the surface appear to be natural occurrences as opposed to the remains of an archaeological deposit or feature; and 5) it is impossible to determine the original location of the shell specimens at this time.

Based on the results of this investigation, Sites 41FB101 and 41FB102 do not appear to extend into the existing easement belonging to the ...


Marine Archaeological Survey For The Webster To Seadrift Pipeline Project In Calhoun And Jackson Counties, Texas, John Rawls, Michael C. Tuttle, Jim Hughey, Michael Quennoz Jan 2020

Marine Archaeological Survey For The Webster To Seadrift Pipeline Project In Calhoun And Jackson Counties, Texas, John Rawls, Michael C. Tuttle, Jim Hughey, Michael Quennoz

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Under contract to BIO-WEST, Inc., Gray & Pape, Inc., of Houston, Texas, conducted a Phase I marine archaeological survey for the proposed Webster to Seadrift Pipeline Project in Calhoun and Jackson counties, Texas. Enterprise Products Operating LLC sponsored the archaeological survey. All marine fieldwork and reporting activities were completed with reference to state law (Antiquities Code of Texas [Title 9, Chapter 191 of the Texas Natural Resources Code] and Texas State rules found in the Texas Administrative Code [Title 13, part 2, Chapters 26 and 28]) for cultural resources investigations. Work was completed under Texas Antiquities Permit Number 9004. The United States Army Corps of Engineers, Galveston District has been identified as the lead federal agency. All project records are curated at the Center for Archaeological Studies at Texas State University in San Marcos, Texas.

The Phase I underwater archaeological investigation assessed the number, locations, cultural affiliations, components, spatial distribution, data potential, and other salient characteristics of potential submerged cultural resources within the proposed project area. The linear project area includes approximately 391 hectares (967 acres) of submerged land in Calhoun and Jackson counties, Texas. The investigation included a comprehensive magnetic and acoustic remote sensing survey and target analysis designed to determine the presence or absence of potentially significant remote sensing targets that might be affected by proposed project activity.

Background research revealed that there are no previously recorded sites within the Area of Potential Effects and that there have been two previous cultural resource surveys (Pearson et al. 1993; Gearhart 2016), conducted between 1993 and 2016, partially within the project Area of Potential Effects. Research also revealed that the 50-meter (164-foot) avoidance areas, as mandated by Texas Administrative Code, Title 13, Part 2, Chapter 26, for three previously recorded magnetic anomalies (Mag 7–Mag 9) identified by Gearhart (2016) are partially located within the survey area. These three magnetic anomalies were recommended for avoidance as they represent potential cultural resources.

The grid for the remote sensing survey within the open waters of Lavaca Bay consisted of a total of 19 track lines (Lines ...


A Phase I Cultural Resources Survey Of The Orbit Pipeline Project Jefferson, Liberty, And Chambers Counties, Texas, Jennifer Cochran, Abby Peyton, Karissa Basse Jan 2020

A Phase I Cultural Resources Survey Of The Orbit Pipeline Project Jefferson, Liberty, And Chambers Counties, Texas, Jennifer Cochran, Abby Peyton, Karissa Basse

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Energy Transfer Company (ETC) is proposing to construct the Orbit Pipeline Project (Project) located in Jefferson, Liberty, and Chambers counties, Texas. The Project consists of approximately 68.7 miles (mi) (110.6 kilometer [km]) of new 20.0-inch (in) (50.8-centimeter [cm]) diameter pipeline that will be used to transmit ethane and propane. The Project is located within the jurisdictional boundary of the United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) - Galveston District.

At the request of ETC, Perennial Environmental Services, LLC (Perennial) conducted an intensive Phase I cultural resources investigation for the proposed Project to comply with anticipated USACE permitting ...


Archaeological Survey For The Lower Greens Bayou Trail Project, Segments Gr02 And Gr03, In Harris County, Texas, Michael Quennoz, Jacob Hilton, Amanda Kleopfer, Tony Scott Jan 2020

Archaeological Survey For The Lower Greens Bayou Trail Project, Segments Gr02 And Gr03, In Harris County, Texas, Michael Quennoz, Jacob Hilton, Amanda Kleopfer, Tony Scott

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Over several mobilizations between April 2018 and January 2020, Gray & Pape, Inc., of Houston, Texas, conducted an intensive pedestrian cultural resources survey of two segments (Segments GR02 and GR03) of proposed trail development along Lower Greens Bayou in the City of Houston, Harris County, Texas. The project alignment measures approximately 10.8 kilometers (6.7 miles) in length and encompasses approximately 9.6 hectares (23.7 acres) of area. Another 0.6 kilometers (0.4 miles) or 0.6 hectares (1.4 acres) of project alignment was removed from consideration. In total, approximately 11.4 kilometers (7.1 miles) or 10.2 hectares (25.1 acres) was surveyed for the project. Because the proposed trail development occurs on publicly owned properties a Texas Antiquities Code Permit was required prior to survey. All work was completed under Texas Antiquities Permit #8328, which was assigned by the Texas Historical Commission on February 14, 2018.

Fieldwork and reporting activities were performed according to procedures set forth by the Texas Historical Commission and the Council of Texas Archeologists. The goals of the survey were to establish whether or not previously unidentified archaeological resources were located within the project area, also defined as the project’s Area of Potential Effects, and whether the proposed development would affect any previously identified cultural resources.

Prior to fieldwork, site file and background research was conducted, including a review of historic aerial and topographic maps in an attempt to locate any historic structures associated with the Area of Potential Effects. Site file review and background research indicated that there are no previously recorded sites within the project Area of Potential Effects.

Fieldwork took place between April 10, 2018 and January 7, 2020 and consisted of a combination of pedestrian survey and shovel testing. Systematic shovel testing was performed along a single transect over both project segments resulting in 131 shovel tests being excavated, of which 11 were positive for cultural material. The survey revealed that large portions of both project segments have been heavily disturbed by development and flood events, however, three new archaeological sites, 41HR1234, 41HR1235, and 41HR1236, and one historic Isolate were identified as a result of survey. Site 41HR1234 was identified as a mid-twentieth century historic trash midden. Site 41HR1235 was identified as a Late Prehistoric ephemeral campsite. Site 41HR1236 was identified as a multicomponent prehistoric campsite and historic isolate. Diagnostic artifacts were observed at all three sites; however, it is the recommendation of Gray & Pape, Inc. that only Sites 41HR1235 and 41HR1236 are significant in the materials they contain and their potential to offer additional research potential. Direct impacts to both sites have been avoided by the project alignment as currently planned. While indirect impacts such as looting are a concern, the distance between the sites and the current alignment as well the density of woods surrounding them minimizes the danger as a result of the project. Eligibility testing is recommended for the sites if they cannot ...


Report On The Results Of Eligibility Testing At Site 41tv222 For The Webberville Park New Maintenance Facility Project, Travis County, Texas, Will Pratt, Josh Haefner Jan 2020

Report On The Results Of Eligibility Testing At Site 41tv222 For The Webberville Park New Maintenance Facility Project, Travis County, Texas, Will Pratt, Josh Haefner

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In January 2016, Hicks & Company conducted eligibility testing at Site 41TV222 located within Webberville Park, Travis County, Texas. The investigations were conducted on behalf of Travis County under Texas Antiquities Permit #7513 in preparation for the proposed construction of a new maintenance building, an associated paved parking area, new walkways, and park lighting.

The area of potential effects (APE) for the proposed improvements both overlays and is immediately adjacent to the boundaries of Site 41TV222 as depicted on the Texas Historical Commission’s (THC’s) Archeological Sites Atlas. This site was previously determined eligible as a State Antiquities Landmark. Prior ...


Cultural Resources Survey For The City Of Florence Municipal Facilities Complex Project, Williamson County, Texas, Christopher M. Shelton, Victoria J. Myers Jan 2020

Cultural Resources Survey For The City Of Florence Municipal Facilities Complex Project, Williamson County, Texas, Christopher M. Shelton, Victoria J. Myers

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

On behalf of the City of Florence, Texas, SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted an intensive cultural resources survey of the proposed City of Florence Municipal Facilities Complex (Project) in Williamson County, Texas. The 1.2-acre parcel scheduled for redevelopment is located on land owned and managed by the City of Florence, a political subdivision of the state of Texas; therefore, the Project requires compliance with the Antiquities Code of Texas (ACT). In addition, the project will receive federal funds from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA); therefore, the work was conducted to comply with the National Historic Preservation Act ...


Cultural Resources Survey And Evaluation Of Archeological Sites 41ws105, 41ws159, 41ws160, And 41ws161 For The Proposed Fence Line Project In Grasslands Units 48, 62 And 63, Lyndon B. Johnson National Grassland, Wise County, Texas, Steve Sarich, Josh Haefner Jan 2020

Cultural Resources Survey And Evaluation Of Archeological Sites 41ws105, 41ws159, 41ws160, And 41ws161 For The Proposed Fence Line Project In Grasslands Units 48, 62 And 63, Lyndon B. Johnson National Grassland, Wise County, Texas, Steve Sarich, Josh Haefner

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The United States Forest Service (USFS) is proposing to reconstruct perimeter fencing surrounding three Grasslands units located within the Lyndon B. Johnson National Grassland (LBJ National Grassland) in Wise County, Texas. As part of the proposed perimeter fence reconstruction within the three proposed Grasslands units, the USFS is seeking a general inventory of cultural resources which includes background and historic research, archeological field survey, site delineation, a determination of the condition of recorded cultural resources, and recommendation of eligibility for listing on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) of any sites encountered.

The overall project tracts are subject to ...


Intensive Cultural Resources Survey Of The Proposed Dripping Springs Wastewater System Improvements Project (Eid 1), Dripping Springs, Hays County, Texas, Jahleen E. Sefton, Jeffrey D. Owens, Jesse O. Dalton Jan 2020

Intensive Cultural Resources Survey Of The Proposed Dripping Springs Wastewater System Improvements Project (Eid 1), Dripping Springs, Hays County, Texas, Jahleen E. Sefton, Jeffrey D. Owens, Jesse O. Dalton

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Horizon Environmental Services, Inc. (Horizon) was selected by the City of Dripping Springs to conduct an intensive cultural resources inventory survey and assessment of the proposed Dripping Springs Wastewater System Improvements Project (EID 1) in Dripping Springs, Hays County, Texas (USACE Project No. SWF-2020-00075). This survey represents the first phase of a larger project involving the proposed construction of wastewater system improvements in Dripping Springs. The current phase of the project would involve three separate components—the West Interceptor segment, which extends approximately 3.7 kilometers (2.3 miles) in length along Onion Creek west of Farm-to-Market Road (FM) 12 ...


An Intensive Archeological Survey Of The Owl Hills-Tunstill 138-Kv Transmission Line Route, Michael L. Mudd Jan 2020

An Intensive Archeological Survey Of The Owl Hills-Tunstill 138-Kv Transmission Line Route, Michael L. Mudd

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Oncor Electric Delivery Company, LLC (Oncor) is planning to construct the Owl Hills—Tunstill 138-kV Transmission Line Route in Culberson, Reeves and Loving Counties, Texas. Oncor contracted with Halff Associates, Inc. to conduct an intensive pedestrian survey of 18.5 miles of new 138-kV transmission line on private property. The survey was conducted January 20-24, 2020 and a total of 102 shovel tests were excavated in areas where buried archeological deposits where expected, and two 15-meter (32.8-foot) transects underwent pedestrian survey within the 70-foot (21.3-meter) wide survey corridor, which measures approximately 157 acres.

Three archeological sites (41RV208, 41RV209 ...


Cultural Resources Survey Of The Lone Star Express Ii Pipeline – Loop 3, In Eastland, Comanche, Erath, And Bosque Counties, Texas, Tony Scott, Amanda Kloepfer Jan 2020

Cultural Resources Survey Of The Lone Star Express Ii Pipeline – Loop 3, In Eastland, Comanche, Erath, And Bosque Counties, Texas, Tony Scott, Amanda Kloepfer

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Gray & Pape, Inc., of Houston, Texas, on behalf of Lone Star NGL Pipeline, LP, conducted an intensive pedestrian cultural resources survey within permitted areas of the 142.27-kilometer (88.4mile) long Lone Star Express II Pipeline Project – Loop 3, in Eastland, Comanche, Erath, and Bosque Counties, Texas. The lead agency for the project has been identified as the United States Army Corps of Engineers, Fort Worth District (Permit No. SWF-2019-00091). Thus, survey efforts concentrated on areas anticipated to be under the jurisdiction of the United States Army Corps of Engineers (permit areas). Within Loop 3, the total Area of Potential Effects within the permit areas measures approximately 209.9 hectares (518.6 acres). This area encapsulates approximately 52.8 kilometers (32.8 miles) of proposed project alignment. The procedures to be followed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers to fulfill the requirements set forth in the National Historic Preservation Act, other applicable historic preservation laws, and Presidential directives as they relate to the regulatory program of the United States Army Corps of Engineers (33 CFR Parts 320-334) are articulated in the Regulatory Program of the United States Army Corps of Engineers, Part 325 - Processing of Department of the Army Permits, Appendix C - Procedures for the Protection of Historic Properties.

All fieldwork and reporting activities were completed according to a scope of work submitted to the United States Army Corps of Engineers and the Texas Historical Commission and accepted standards set forth by the Texas Historical Commission and the Council of Texas Archeologists and in accordance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act.

A records and literature review of the project location prior to survey identified 13 previously recorded archaeological sites, four historic markers, five cemeteries, and five previously conducted surveys within a 0.8-kilometer (0.5-mile) radius of Loop 3. Of those, the mapped locations for one recorded archaeological site and three previous surveys intersect the project corridor. An additional three archaeological sites are located within 91 meters (300 feet) of the project’s Areas of Potential Effects. Fieldwork on Loop 3 was conducted in the Spring of 2019 with supplemental survey in August, October, and November of 2019 and required approximately 3,680-person hours to complete. Survey involved archaeological reconnaissance and shovel testing throughout anticipated permit areas within the project corridor. In total, approximately 901 shovel tests were excavated within permit areas, of which four were positive for cultural material.

No portions of previously recorded resources: 41ER48, 41ER49, 41ER50, or 41ER56, were re-identified; however, two new previously unrecorded resources, 41BQ358 and 41BQ359, and one isolate, BQ-07-ISO-01, were discovered. The newly recorded resources consist of sparse Prehistoric lithic scatters, consisting mainly of debitage and lacking temporally or culturally diagnostic artifacts. The lone diagnostic artifact, Isolate BQ-07-ISO-01, consists of an Ellis or Godley type projectile point dating to the Late to Transitional Archaic. The resource areas within the pipeline corridor showed clear disturbance from the adjacent pipeline right-of-way. Indications of soil deflation, erosion, and past land modifications such as agriculture or terracing were also observed. Further, Resource 41BQ358 and Isolate BQ-07-ISO-01 are located on ...


Cultural Resources Survey Of The Lone Star Express Ii Pipeline Project - Loop 1, In Midland, Martin, Howard, Mitchell, And Nolan Counties, Texas, Tony Scott, Amanda Kloepfer Jan 2020

Cultural Resources Survey Of The Lone Star Express Ii Pipeline Project - Loop 1, In Midland, Martin, Howard, Mitchell, And Nolan Counties, Texas, Tony Scott, Amanda Kloepfer

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Gray & Pape, Inc., of Houston, Texas, on behalf of Lone Star NGL Pipeline, LP, conducted an intensive pedestrian cultural resources survey within permitted areas of the 174.36-kilometer (108.34-mile) long Lone Star Express II Pipeline Project – Loop 1, in Midland, Martin, Howard, Mitchell, and Nolan Counties, Texas. The lead agency for the project has been identified as the United States Army Corps of Engineers, Fort Worth District (Permit No. SWG-2019-00091). Thus, survey efforts concentrated on areas anticipated to be under the jurisdiction of the United States Army Corps of Engineers (permit areas). Within Loop 1, the total Area of Potential Effects within the permit areas measures approximately 125.6 hectares (310.3 acres). This area encapsulates approximately 29.6 kilometers (18.4 miles) of proposed project alignment. In addition, approximately 2.3 kilometers (1.4 miles) or 8.9 hectares (21.9 acres) of the proposed route are controlled by the City of Colorado City and thus required the issuance of a Texas Antiquities Code Permit. Permit number 8896 was issued for the project. The procedures to be followed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers to fulfill the requirements set forth in the National Historic Preservation Act, other applicable historic preservation laws, and Presidential directives as they relate to the regulatory program of the United States Army Corps of Engineers (33 CFR Parts 320-334) are articulated in the Regulatory Program of the United States Army Corps of Engineers, Part 325 - Processing of Department of the Army Permits, Appendix C - Procedures for the Protection of Historic Properties.

All fieldwork and reporting activities were completed according to a scope of work submitted to the United States Army Corps of Engineers and the Texas Historical Commission and accepted standards set forth by the Texas Historical Commission and the Council of Texas Archeologists and in accordance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act. Gray & Pape, Inc. submitted project records to the Center of Archaeological Studies at Texas State University.

A records and literature review of the project location prior to survey identified 62 previously recorded archaeological resources, one cemetery, one historic marker, and 22 previously conducted surveys within a 0.8-kilometer (0.5-mile) radius of the Loop 1 segment. Of those, 10 recorded archaeological resources and six previous surveys intersect anticipated permit areas. Fieldwork on Loop 1 was conducted in the Spring of 2019 with supplemental survey in July, August, and September 2019. Survey of Loop 1 required approximately 1,200 Gray & Pape, Inc. person-hours to complete and involved archaeological reconnaissance and shovel testing throughout anticipated permit areas within the project corridor. In total, approximately 664 shovel tests were excavated within permit areas, 25 of which were positive for cultural materials. An additional 122 shovel tests were conducted as part of resource delineation efforts. Field effort also included the excavation of a total of 13 deep tests.

Nine previously recorded resources: 41NL6, 41NL313, 41NL314, 41NL315, 41NL316, 41NL320, 41NL321, 41NL323, and 41NL326; eight new previously unrecorded resources: 41HW142, 41MH128, 41MH130, 41NL377, 41NL378, 41NL379, 41NL380, and 41NL392; and four isolate finds were identified within Loop 1 permit areas. An additional 10 previously recorded resources: 41MD41, 41HW8, 41HW104, 41HW105, 41HW106, 41NL310, 41NL312, 41NL322, 41NL324, and 41NL325; and one newly identified resource, 41MH129, were identified within the Area of Potential Effects but outside of jurisdictional areas. These sites largely exhibited surface scatters of lithics which are typical for the area and were consistent with the resources identified within jurisdictional permit areas.


A Phase I Cultural Resource Survey For The Proposed Six Mile Boat Ramp Expansion Project (Texas Antiquities Permit #9155), Jay W. Gray, Jennifer M. Haney Jan 2020

A Phase I Cultural Resource Survey For The Proposed Six Mile Boat Ramp Expansion Project (Texas Antiquities Permit #9155), Jay W. Gray, Jennifer M. Haney

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Cultural Resource Analysts, Inc., personnel completed a records review and cultural resource survey for the proposed expansion of the existing Six Mile Boat Ramp in Sabine County, Texas. This work was performed to assist the Sabine River Authority of Texas in complying with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (Public Law 89-665, 16 U.S.C. 470h-2) as an applicant for a Section 404 Clean Water Act Permit from the US Army Corps of Engineers, and the provisions of the Texas Administrative Code regarding archaeological resources on public lands. The Texas Administrative Code requires review of ...


Archaeological Deep Testing Of The Nabors Tract, The Tomball Oilfield, And Approximately 1 Mile Of Streamin Harris County, Texas, Richard Thompson Stark Jan 2020

Archaeological Deep Testing Of The Nabors Tract, The Tomball Oilfield, And Approximately 1 Mile Of Streamin Harris County, Texas, Richard Thompson Stark

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In March 2020, Berg-Oliver Associates, Inc. contracted with Gray & Pape, Inc., of Houston, Texas, to perform a cultural resources survey of property proposed for conveyance improvements and regional stormwater detention development in Harris County, Texas. The proposed property is located immediately west of the western Terminus of Holderrieth Road, in the southwest portion of Tomball, Harris County, Texas. The project Area of Potential Effects is defined as an approximately 251-hectare (620-acre) area. It is understood that prior archaeological research and field efforts have been completed on portions of the current Area of Potential Effects and a primary assumption of this current archaeological endeavor is that those pedestrian survey and systematic shovel testing projects were adequate to assist Gray & Pape, Inc. in preparing this report for the completion of agency review for the Area of Potential Effects (Uecker et al. 2016; McLeod et al. 2018). For project permitting purposes, the lead federal agency for the project has been identified as the United States Army Corps of Engineers, Galveston District, in coordination with Harris County Flood Control District and the Texas Historical Commission. A Texas Antiquities Permit (9332) was received prior to the commencement of fieldwork. The wetlands were mapped and flagged prior to fieldwork under SWG-2014-00651. All fieldwork and reporting activities were completed with reference to state (the Antiquities Code of Texas and the Council of Texas Archaeologists) and federal guidelines. No ...


Cultural Resources Survey For The Big Creek Channel Repair Project In Fort Bend County, Texas, Michael Quennoz Jan 2020

Cultural Resources Survey For The Big Creek Channel Repair Project In Fort Bend County, Texas, Michael Quennoz

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This report summarizes the results of a cultural resources survey by Gray & Pape, Inc., on behalf of their client, BIO-WEST, Inc., of six workspaces within four discontiguous locations along Big Creek in Fort Bend County, Texas totaling 6.1 hectares (15.1 acres) and approximately 1.5 kilometers (0.9 miles) in length. The Big Creek Channel Repair Project calls for bank stabilization efforts at each of the four locations. The goals of the survey were to determine if the proposed project would affect any previously identified archaeological sites as defined by Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act ...