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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Archaeological Evidence Of Architectural Remains At Fort St. Joseph (20be23), Niles, Mi, Erika K. Loveland Apr 2017

Archaeological Evidence Of Architectural Remains At Fort St. Joseph (20be23), Niles, Mi, Erika K. Loveland

Master's Theses

Throughout New France, Native and non-Native peoples frequently interacted as a result of French colonialism. These prolonged relationships affected the ways in which people identified themselves and others around them. To explore this dynamic process, historical archaeologists can examine the material culture left behind. Architectural remains are particularly informative because inhabitants construct their buildings in accordance to their needs and cultural values. Fort St. Joseph, an eighteenth-century mission, garrison, and trading post, is utilized as a case study to examine architecture and how it was employed to express identity. Daily interaction between Native and French peoples in the fur trade ...


Book Review: Historical Archaeology Of The Delaware Valley, 1600–1850, Ed. By Richard F. Veit And David Orr, Lu Ann De Cunzo Jun 2015

Book Review: Historical Archaeology Of The Delaware Valley, 1600–1850, Ed. By Richard F. Veit And David Orr, Lu Ann De Cunzo

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Historical Archaeology of the Delaware Valley, 1600–1850, ed. By Richard F. Veit and David Orr, 2014, University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, $54.95 (cloth).


Continuity Of Lithic Practice From The Eighteenth To The Nineteenth Centuries At The Nipmuc Homestead Of Sarah Boston, Grafton, Massachusetts, Joseph M. Bagley, Stephen Mrozowski, Heather Law Pezzarossi, John Steinberg Jun 2015

Continuity Of Lithic Practice From The Eighteenth To The Nineteenth Centuries At The Nipmuc Homestead Of Sarah Boston, Grafton, Massachusetts, Joseph M. Bagley, Stephen Mrozowski, Heather Law Pezzarossi, John Steinberg

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Stone tools have been found at all Nipmuc-related house sites in central Massachusetts dating from the 17th through 20th centuries. This article explores in detail the lithic assemblage recovered from the kitchen midden of the late 18th and early 19th century Sarah Burnee/Sarah Boston farmstead in Grafton, Massachusetts. Quartz and quartzite lithics were found in similar concentrations as historic ceramics within the midden suggesting that these tools were in active use within the household. Ground-stone tools of ancient origin indicate curation and reuse of older materials, and knapped glass and re-worked gunflints suggest knowledge of flintknapping. This article argues ...


Feasting On Broken Glass: Making A Meal Of Seeds, Bones, And Sherds, Mary C. Beaudry Aug 2014

Feasting On Broken Glass: Making A Meal Of Seeds, Bones, And Sherds, Mary C. Beaudry

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Drawing on various lines of evidence that provide insight into late 18th- and early 19th-century episodes of dining at the Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm in Newbury, Massachusetts, I explore ways in which historical archaeologists can move from discussions of food and foodstuffs to explore menus, meals, and dining. I argue that by drawing together many lines of evidence—food remains such as bones, seeds, and shells; documentary sources; and ceramics, glassware, and utensils—archaeologists are able to “feast” upon the evidence and to go beyond merely reporting on what people ate in the past. They do so by exploring ways of interpreting ...


Consumerism And Control: Archaeological Perspectives On The Harvard College Buttery, Christina J. Hodge Aug 2014

Consumerism And Control: Archaeological Perspectives On The Harvard College Buttery, Christina J. Hodge

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Harvard College in Cambridge, Massachusetts, offers a unique setting through which to explore cultural changes within 17th- and 18th-century America, including shifting foodways and consumerisms. Harvard’s early leaders constructed their collegiate community by controlling many aspects of scholars’ lives, including their eating, drinking, and purchasing practices. Between 1650 and 1800, the college operated the “Buttery,” a commissary where students supplemented meager institutional meals by purchasing snacks and sundries. As a marketplace, the buttery organized material practices of buying and selling as people and things flowed through it. Archaeological and documentary evidence reveals how college officials attempted to regulate, but ...


Historic Philadelphia Foodways: A Consideration Of Catfish Cookery, Teagan Schweitzer Aug 2014

Historic Philadelphia Foodways: A Consideration Of Catfish Cookery, Teagan Schweitzer

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This article explores the consumption of catfish in the Philadelphia area during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Although not extremley popular in the region today, in the past this fish was an important part of the culinary landscape, in particular as part of a meal referred to as "catfish and waffles." Evidence from zooarchaeological and documentary research is used to justify this claim.


Dining With John And Catharine Butler Before The Close Of The Eighteenth Century, Eva Macdonald, Suzanne Needs-Howarth Aug 2014

Dining With John And Catharine Butler Before The Close Of The Eighteenth Century, Eva Macdonald, Suzanne Needs-Howarth

Northeast Historical Archaeology

The partial excavation of the homestead of Colonel John Butler in the town of Niagara-on-the-Lake has afforded the opportunity to explore the daily activities of one Loyalist family after the establishment of the British colony of Upper Canada in the 1780s. In particular, the large collection of zooarchaeological material (over 14,5000 specimens) can provide information about the availability of wild animal species, as well as the types of domestic animals that the Butlers kept on their farm. Butchering marks provide further insight into the types of meat cuts used in cooking meals for the family and guests. These are ...


Aerial Archaeology At The Moland House: Balloon-Elevated Videography In Search Of Colonial Period Structures, Richard E. Gambler Iii, Andrew Notarfranceso, P. J. Capelotti Apr 2014

Aerial Archaeology At The Moland House: Balloon-Elevated Videography In Search Of Colonial Period Structures, Richard E. Gambler Iii, Andrew Notarfranceso, P. J. Capelotti

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Archaeological excavations have taken place for more than twenty years at the Colonial Period Moland House site in Hartsville, PA (36BU301). These have unearthed thousands of artifacts, and numerous buried features, that support historical accounts pertaining to the site. In the summer of 2009, field school students from Penn State University Abington College deployed a balloon-elevated digital video system to gather remote imagery of the site at altitudes from 10-100’ above the ground. The resulting images gathered by the aerial videography suggest a variety of potential additional buried structures on the site. These data will guide future excavations aimed at ...


A Dendroarchaeological Study Of Wood From Fort Lennox National Historic Site, Île-Aux-Noix, Québec, Emilie Young-Vigneault, Louis Filion, Allison Bain Apr 2014

A Dendroarchaeological Study Of Wood From Fort Lennox National Historic Site, Île-Aux-Noix, Québec, Emilie Young-Vigneault, Louis Filion, Allison Bain

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Samples of wood excavated from the Fort Lennox National Historic Site, on Île-aux-Noix in the Upper Richelieu River, were entrusted to Université Laval by Parks Canada for tree-ring analysis in 2004. These samples consisted primarily of coniferous species, namely 29 samples of white cedar (Thuja occidentals), 18 of white pine (Pinus strobus), and a single sample of hemlock (Tsuga canadensis). Tree-ring and historical data suggest an alternative explanation for the use of this wood than that originally proposed by archaeologists. The wood originally was thought to have been part of a late 18th-century structure that was torn down, and the ...


A Battle Of Remembrance: Memorialization And Heritage At The Newtown Battlefield, New York, Brant Venables Apr 2014

A Battle Of Remembrance: Memorialization And Heritage At The Newtown Battlefield, New York, Brant Venables

Northeast Historical Archaeology

On 29 August 1779, Loyalist soldiers and Native American warriors fought against overwhelming numbers of invading Continental forces in the Battle of Newtown. After Newtown, the Continental forces destroyed 40 Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) towns. In 1879, Newtown Battlefield, near present-day Elmira, New York, was transformed into a heritage landscape memorializing the victors and the early expansion of the United States. To analyze the changing rituals of memorialization from 1879 to 2012, I examined monuments, interpretive signage, and primary-source documents, such as speech transcripts and newspaper accounts. I concluded that the rituals of memorialization at Newtown reflected the U.S. national attitudes ...


It's Elemental! A Case Study In The Use Of Multi-Element Geochemical Analysis As An Aid In Locating Cultural Features At The Foundation Site, Michael J. Gall Apr 2014

It's Elemental! A Case Study In The Use Of Multi-Element Geochemical Analysis As An Aid In Locating Cultural Features At The Foundation Site, Michael J. Gall

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Analysis of soil pH and anthropogenic multi-element chemical residue distribution patterns has proved a valuable prospecting method for locating areas of concentrated human and/or domesticated-animal activity within archaeological sites. The application, analysis, and results of a geochemical study at the Foundation site (28MO352), a significant ca. 1733 to 1790s farmstead site in Manalapan Township, Monmouth County, New Jersey, is presented as a case study. Multi-element geochemical analysis using Mehlich-3 and ICP-AES was employed as a critical, cost-efficient method to aid in targeting areas for intensive excavation. The method enabled the identification of numerous activity areas and buried cultural features ...


A Sword From The Taunton River, E. Andrew Mowbray Apr 2014

A Sword From The Taunton River, E. Andrew Mowbray

Northeast Historical Archaeology

No abstract is available at this time.


Colonial Crown Point And Its Artifacts, Frank J. Kravic Apr 2014

Colonial Crown Point And Its Artifacts, Frank J. Kravic

Northeast Historical Archaeology

No abstract is available at this time.


Artillery Implements And Carriage Hardware: Fort Plain, New York, Wayne Lenig Apr 2014

Artillery Implements And Carriage Hardware: Fort Plain, New York, Wayne Lenig

Northeast Historical Archaeology

No abstract is available at this time.


Gunflints: Fort Michilimackinac, Lyle M. Stone Apr 2014

Gunflints: Fort Michilimackinac, Lyle M. Stone

Northeast Historical Archaeology

No abstract is available at this time.


Fort Nonsense, Edward S. Rutsch, Sally Skinner Apr 2014

Fort Nonsense, Edward S. Rutsch, Sally Skinner

Northeast Historical Archaeology

No abstract is available at this time.


Fort Stanwix, Dick Ping Hsu Apr 2014

Fort Stanwix, Dick Ping Hsu

Northeast Historical Archaeology

No abstract is available at this time.


Fort Bull, Gilbert Hagerty Apr 2014

Fort Bull, Gilbert Hagerty

Northeast Historical Archaeology

No abstract is available at this time.


The Forts Of Oswego, Wallace F. Workmaster Apr 2014

The Forts Of Oswego, Wallace F. Workmaster

Northeast Historical Archaeology

No abstract is available at this time.


The Marquis De Vauban, Lee H. Hanson Jr. Apr 2014

The Marquis De Vauban, Lee H. Hanson Jr.

Northeast Historical Archaeology

No abstract is available at this time.


The Delmarva Bog Iron Industry, Edward F. Heite Apr 2014

The Delmarva Bog Iron Industry, Edward F. Heite

Northeast Historical Archaeology

No abstract is available at this time.


Peter Hasenclever And The American Iron Company, Edward J. Lenik Apr 2014

Peter Hasenclever And The American Iron Company, Edward J. Lenik

Northeast Historical Archaeology

No abstract is available at this time.


European Vs. American Engineering: Pierre Charles L'Enfant And The Water Power System Of Paterson, Nj, Russell I. Fries Apr 2014

European Vs. American Engineering: Pierre Charles L'Enfant And The Water Power System Of Paterson, Nj, Russell I. Fries

Northeast Historical Archaeology

No abstract is available at this time.


Fort Gaddis: Fact Or Misnomer, Ronald L. Michael Mar 2014

Fort Gaddis: Fact Or Misnomer, Ronald L. Michael

Northeast Historical Archaeology

No abstract is available at this time.


Camp Reading: Logistics Of A Revolutionary War Winter Encampment, David A. Poirier Mar 2014

Camp Reading: Logistics Of A Revolutionary War Winter Encampment, David A. Poirier

Northeast Historical Archaeology

No abstract is available at this time.


The Metallurgical Study Of Fort Ligonier Bayonet Sections, Hand Forged Spikes, And Copper Powder Keg Hoop Sections, J. Alfred Berger, Catherine A. Hawks, Jacob L. Grimm Mar 2014

The Metallurgical Study Of Fort Ligonier Bayonet Sections, Hand Forged Spikes, And Copper Powder Keg Hoop Sections, J. Alfred Berger, Catherine A. Hawks, Jacob L. Grimm

Northeast Historical Archaeology

No abstract is available at this time.


Excavations At The Bull-Jackson Farmstead, Orange County, New York, Thomas J. Riley Mar 2014

Excavations At The Bull-Jackson Farmstead, Orange County, New York, Thomas J. Riley

Northeast Historical Archaeology

No abstract is available at this time.


Ringoes: An Eighteenth Century Pottery Site, Brenda Lockhart Springsted Mar 2014

Ringoes: An Eighteenth Century Pottery Site, Brenda Lockhart Springsted

Northeast Historical Archaeology

No abstract is available at this time.


Stoneware From Fayette, Greene, And Washington Counties, Pennsylvania, Ronald L. Michael Mar 2014

Stoneware From Fayette, Greene, And Washington Counties, Pennsylvania, Ronald L. Michael

Northeast Historical Archaeology

No abstract is available at this time.


The Yorktown Pottery Industry, Yorktown, Virginia, Norman F. Barka, Chris Sheridan Mar 2014

The Yorktown Pottery Industry, Yorktown, Virginia, Norman F. Barka, Chris Sheridan

Northeast Historical Archaeology

No abstract is available at this time.