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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Deisher Site (36bk450): Reconciling And Reconstructing The Evidence For The Location And Date Of A Probable Lenape Cemetery Site Identified By 1847, Marshall Joseph Becker Oct 2020

The Deisher Site (36bk450): Reconciling And Reconstructing The Evidence For The Location And Date Of A Probable Lenape Cemetery Site Identified By 1847, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

Archived documents as well as records from local oral traditions abound within each of the American colonies. Gathering the accounts relevant to a specific Native American site reveals the extent of such information and how it can help us to reconstruct culture histories for the numerous tribal entities for whom detailed histories are often wanting. The period from 1700 to 1750 in Pennsylvania saw a wide assortment of complex responses of a number of local and immigrant tribal entities as each sought a mechanism by which to maintain their cultural heritage. The Deisher site (36Bk450) has long been known, but ...


The Orientalizing And Lucanian Tombs From Loc. De Santis I At Pontecagnano By Margit Von Mehren (Book Review), Marshall Joseph Becker Jul 2020

The Orientalizing And Lucanian Tombs From Loc. De Santis I At Pontecagnano By Margit Von Mehren (Book Review), Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Ashes To Caches: Is Dust Dust Among The Heterarchichal Maya?, Marshall Joseph Becker Jun 2020

Ashes To Caches: Is Dust Dust Among The Heterarchichal Maya?, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

Caches and burials, or specially placed deposits of all types, among the Classic Period lowland Maya represent the material remains of religious or ritual behaviors. These behaviors are shared by people of all economic levels but expanded according to available economic resources. Discussions of these aspects of material culture commonly focus on elite or upscale examples found within various contexts. At Tikal, as at other Lowland Maya sites, the expression of these rituals varied by the wealth of the participants. Elite offerings involved greater quantities of precious and durable goods such as jade, marine shell, and elaborate lithic items. [FIGURE ...


Surface Survey And Ground Testing At Sam's Site (36ch283): A Multicomponent Site In Chester County, Pennsylvania With A Nearby Shenks Ferry Occupation, Marshall Joseph Becker Oct 2019

Surface Survey And Ground Testing At Sam's Site (36ch283): A Multicomponent Site In Chester County, Pennsylvania With A Nearby Shenks Ferry Occupation, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

Surface collecting from 36Ch283, a multicomponent site in southcentral Chester County, Pennsylvania, suggests that activities at this location over a long period of time were confined to a very slight rise not larger than 15 by 25 m. Phase II testing of the area adjacent to this site revealed a possible Shenks Ferry habitation area located on the shallower grade above the knoll, at a short distance from the focus of surface collecting. The very different picture presented by the surface finds, however impoverished by intensive activities of amateur collectors, demonstrates the importance of surface collections in the interpretation of ...


A Wampum Hand Of 12 Strings: An Extraordinarily Well Documented Piece, Now Missing, Marshall Joseph Becker Oct 2019

A Wampum Hand Of 12 Strings: An Extraordinarily Well Documented Piece, Now Missing, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Arsenic And Old Pelts: An Update On Deadly Pesticides In Museum Collections, Alice B. Kehoe, Marshall Joseph Becker Oct 2019

Arsenic And Old Pelts: An Update On Deadly Pesticides In Museum Collections, Alice B. Kehoe, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

The use of toxic chemicals within museums is an issue only recently addressed by anthropologists and scholars in related fields. A case of arsenic poisoning in an anthropologist during the 1960s is reviewed for what it may tell us about a mysterious ailment that afflicted Clark Wissler 50 years earlier. While no conclusive diagnosis can be made, Wissler’s case reminds us that we have come a long way in protecting against one of the lesser known dangers confronting anthropologists. All museums use pesticides and preservatives of some form, though the health impact of these agents is not always known ...


Almenas Revisited: Archaeology At Cihuatán, El Salvador With Observations And Suggestions For Further Research On Roof Ornaments, Marshall Joseph Becker Oct 2019

Almenas Revisited: Archaeology At Cihuatán, El Salvador With Observations And Suggestions For Further Research On Roof Ornaments, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

A focused study of almenas, or decorative roof ornaments, at Cihuatán in El Salvador revealed that a wide range of structures were adorned with examples in ceramic. The best known examples, from Structure Q-1, provide indications of how these decorations were arranged, but left unanswered many questions about their use. Studies of roof ornaments at other sites confirm Pre-Classic origins in the Valley of Mexico and their use well into the 1500s, and their wide use in Yucatan and elsewhere. Suggestions regarding socio-political or ideological correlates may be premature, but help to structure programs for future research.

Un estudio centrado ...


A Very Distinctive Smile: Etruscan Dental Appliances, Jean Macintosh Turfa, Marshall Joseph Becker Jan 2019

A Very Distinctive Smile: Etruscan Dental Appliances, Jean Macintosh Turfa, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Fort Nya Göteborg And The Printzhof (36de3): Archaeology And Ethnohistory Of The First Two European Structures Built In Present Pennsylvania, Marshall Joseph Becker Sep 2018

Fort Nya Göteborg And The Printzhof (36de3): Archaeology And Ethnohistory Of The First Two European Structures Built In Present Pennsylvania, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Chocolate: A Brief Review Of Recent Research, Marshall Joseph Becker Jun 2018

Chocolate: A Brief Review Of Recent Research, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Focus On Fortifications: New Research On Fortifications In The Ancient Mediterranean And The Near East, Edited By Rune Frederiksen, Silke MüTh, Peter I. Schneider, And Mike Schnelle (Review), Marshall Joseph Becker Jan 2018

Focus On Fortifications: New Research On Fortifications In The Ancient Mediterranean And The Near East, Edited By Rune Frederiksen, Silke MüTh, Peter I. Schneider, And Mike Schnelle (Review), Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Halieis. A Preliminary Analysis Of Human Skeletal Remains Recovered From Excavations At Halieis, Greece, Marshall Joseph Becker Jan 2018

Halieis. A Preliminary Analysis Of Human Skeletal Remains Recovered From Excavations At Halieis, Greece, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Stone Moulds In Sardinian Museum Collections: Indicators Of Bronze Age Metallurgical Technology, Marshall Joseph Becker Jan 2018

Stone Moulds In Sardinian Museum Collections: Indicators Of Bronze Age Metallurgical Technology, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

The casting of tools from copper and bronze using stone moulds has a history that dates back to the earliest smelting of metals. Sardinia has an abundance of deposits for steatite and related soft stone types that can be easily carved to form moulds for a wide range of shapes. A wide range of stone blocks with or or more forms for the casting of bronze tools have been conserved in several museums in Sardinia. This detailed catalogue, with individual drawings, provide insights into the manufacture of tools for a number of different types of bronze artifacts such as those ...


Protected: Arsenic And Old Pelts: Deadly Pesticides In Museum Collections, Alice B. Kehoe, Marshall Joseph Becker Dec 2017

Protected: Arsenic And Old Pelts: Deadly Pesticides In Museum Collections, Alice B. Kehoe, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Ceramic Roof Ornaments (Almenas) From Cihuatan, El Salvador: Contexts, Descriptions And Inferences From Other Sites, Marshall Joseph Becker Apr 2017

Ceramic Roof Ornaments (Almenas) From Cihuatan, El Salvador: Contexts, Descriptions And Inferences From Other Sites, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

Discovery of dozens of broken ceramic roof ornaments (almenas) on the floor abutting the front (western) margin of an elite residence (Structure Q-1) at Cihuatan, El Salvador provides a new context for this category of artifacts. While relatively well-known from sites in the Valley of Mexico, elsewhere in Mesoamerica almenas have been documented only from a single Teotihuacan-style structure at the lowland Maya site of Tikal, one structure at Mayapan, and possibly at a few other sites in Yucatan. A preliminary program to reconstruct a portion of the many box-like almenasat Cihuatan, of a date much later than the one ...


A Wampum Basket From New England: Discovery Of An Account Providing Verification Of An Oral Tradition, Marshall Joseph Becker Apr 2017

A Wampum Basket From New England: Discovery Of An Account Providing Verification Of An Oral Tradition, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Spytinĕv (Ce 875-915), Duke Of Bohemia: An Osteobiographic Perspective On Society Status And Stature In The Emerging Czech State, Marshall Joseph Becker Jan 2017

Spytinĕv (Ce 875-915), Duke Of Bohemia: An Osteobiographic Perspective On Society Status And Stature In The Emerging Czech State, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Etruscan Gold Dental Appliances, Marshall Joseph Becker Jan 2017

Etruscan Gold Dental Appliances, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Maniwaki Wampum Group: A History, Marshall Joseph Becker Oct 2016

The Maniwaki Wampum Group: A History, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Book Review Of La Tomba Del Guerriero Di Tarquinia: Identità Elitaria, Concentrazione Del Potere E Networks Dinamici Nell’Avanzato Viii Sec. A.C., By Andrea Babbi And Uwe Peltz, Marshall Joseph Becker Jul 2016

Book Review Of La Tomba Del Guerriero Di Tarquinia: Identità Elitaria, Concentrazione Del Potere E Networks Dinamici Nell’Avanzato Viii Sec. A.C., By Andrea Babbi And Uwe Peltz, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Human Skeletal Remains Recovered From Tomb 6423. Appendice 1, Marshall Joseph Becker Jan 2016

Human Skeletal Remains Recovered From Tomb 6423. Appendice 1, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Raritan Valley Buffer Zone: A Refuge Area For Some Wiechquaskeck And Other Native Americans During The 17th Century, Marshall Joseph Becker Jan 2016

The Raritan Valley Buffer Zone: A Refuge Area For Some Wiechquaskeck And Other Native Americans During The 17th Century, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Nuovi Dati Sulla Necropoli Del Cavone Di Monte Li Santi A Narce (Scavo 2015), Maria Anna De Lucia Brolli, Jacopo Tabolli, Marco Pacifici, Marshall Joseph Becker, Nicola Pagani Jan 2016

Nuovi Dati Sulla Necropoli Del Cavone Di Monte Li Santi A Narce (Scavo 2015), Maria Anna De Lucia Brolli, Jacopo Tabolli, Marco Pacifici, Marshall Joseph Becker, Nicola Pagani

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

This paper presents the results of the 2015 excavation in the necropolis of Monte Li Santi at the Faliscan site of Narce. Our knowledge of the necropolis was based until now mainly on the 1894 publication in the Monumenti Antichi dei Lincei. During the 2015 excavation, three large rock-cut chamber tombs were discovered, unfortunately already looted, together with a series of niches near them, used probably for ritual practices. In the different sections of this paper, the authors discuss the history of the research, the stratigraphy, the finds, the few human remains discovered and the process of conservation of the ...


Dentistry In Ancient Rome: Direct Evidence For Extractions Based On The Teeth From Excavations At The Temple Of Castor And Pollux In The Roman Forum, Marshall Joseph Becker Jan 2014

Dentistry In Ancient Rome: Direct Evidence For Extractions Based On The Teeth From Excavations At The Temple Of Castor And Pollux In The Roman Forum, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


John Skickett (1823? - After 1870): A Lenopi Descent Basketmaker Working In Connecticut, Marshall Joseph Becker Jan 2014

John Skickett (1823? - After 1870): A Lenopi Descent Basketmaker Working In Connecticut, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


A Seed In Skokloster Castle, Sweden: Searching For The Origins Of Eight Susquehannock Artifacts, Marshall Joseph Becker Jan 2014

A Seed In Skokloster Castle, Sweden: Searching For The Origins Of Eight Susquehannock Artifacts, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Re: Archaeology In The Gordon?, Heather A. Wholey, Gerard Hertel Jan 2013

Re: Archaeology In The Gordon?, Heather A. Wholey, Gerard Hertel

Gordon Natural Area Archaeology Project Documents

No abstract provided.


A Gis Analysis Of The Pre-Columbian Chaco Landscape: Applying New Tools To Old Problems, Aaron Clark, Joy Fritschle Jan 2011

A Gis Analysis Of The Pre-Columbian Chaco Landscape: Applying New Tools To Old Problems, Aaron Clark, Joy Fritschle

Geography & Planning Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Late Woodland (Ca. 1000 - 1740 Ce) Foraging Patterns Of The Lenape And Their Neighbors In The Delaware Valley, Marshall Joseph Becker Apr 2010

Late Woodland (Ca. 1000 - 1740 Ce) Foraging Patterns Of The Lenape And Their Neighbors In The Delaware Valley, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Small Wampum Bands Used By Native Americans In The Northeast: Functions And Recycling, Marshall Joseph Becker Apr 2008

Small Wampum Bands Used By Native Americans In The Northeast: Functions And Recycling, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.