Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medical Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

20,309 Full-Text Articles 62,297 Authors 4,202,203 Downloads 313 Institutions

All Articles in Medical Sciences

Faceted Search

20,309 full-text articles. Page 5 of 818.

Pathogenicity And Impact Of Hla Class I Alleles In Aplastic Anemia Patients Of Different Ethnicities, Timothy S Olson, Benjamin F Frost, Jamie L Duke, Marian Dribus, Hongbo M Xie, Zachary D Prudowsky, Elissa Furutani, Jonas Gudera, Yash B Shah, Deborah Ferriola, Amalia Dinou, Ioanna Pagkrati, Soyoung Kim, Yixi Xu, Meilun He, Shannon Zheng, Sally Nijim, Ping Lin, Chong Xu, Taizo A Nakano, Joseph H Oved, Beatriz M Carreno, Yung-Tsi Bolon, Shahinaz M Gadalla, Steven Ge Marsh, Sophie Paczesny, Stephanie J Lee, Dimitrios S Monos, Akiko Shimamura, Alison A Bertuch, Loren Gragert, Stephen R Spellman, Daria V Babushok 2022 Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Pathogenicity And Impact Of Hla Class I Alleles In Aplastic Anemia Patients Of Different Ethnicities, Timothy S Olson, Benjamin F Frost, Jamie L Duke, Marian Dribus, Hongbo M Xie, Zachary D Prudowsky, Elissa Furutani, Jonas Gudera, Yash B Shah, Deborah Ferriola, Amalia Dinou, Ioanna Pagkrati, Soyoung Kim, Yixi Xu, Meilun He, Shannon Zheng, Sally Nijim, Ping Lin, Chong Xu, Taizo A Nakano, Joseph H Oved, Beatriz M Carreno, Yung-Tsi Bolon, Shahinaz M Gadalla, Steven Ge Marsh, Sophie Paczesny, Stephanie J Lee, Dimitrios S Monos, Akiko Shimamura, Alison A Bertuch, Loren Gragert, Stephen R Spellman, Daria V Babushok

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Acquired aplastic anemia (AA) is caused by autoreactive T cell-mediated destruction of early hematopoietic cells. Somatic loss of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I alleles was identified as a mechanism of immune escape in surviving hematopoietic cells of some patients with AA. However, pathogenicity, structural characteristics, and clinical impact of specific HLA alleles in AA remain poorly understood. Here, we evaluated somatic HLA loss in 505 patients with AA from 2 multi-institutional cohorts. Using a combination of HLA mutation frequencies, peptide-binding structures, and association with AA in an independent cohort of 6,323 patients from the National Marrow Donor Program, we …


Genome-Scale Metabolic Modeling Reveals Sequential Dysregulation Of Glutathione Metabolism In Livers From Patients With Alcoholic Hepatitis, Alexandra Manchel, Radhakrishnan Mahadevan, Ramon Bataller, Jan B. Hoek, Rajanikanth Vadigepalli 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Genome-Scale Metabolic Modeling Reveals Sequential Dysregulation Of Glutathione Metabolism In Livers From Patients With Alcoholic Hepatitis, Alexandra Manchel, Radhakrishnan Mahadevan, Ramon Bataller, Jan B. Hoek, Rajanikanth Vadigepalli

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Alcoholic hepatitis (AH) is the most severe form of alcoholic liver disease for which there is no efficacious treatment aiding most patients. AH manifests differently in individuals, with some patients showing debilitating symptoms more so than others. Previous studies showed significant metabolic dysregulation associated with AH. Therefore, we sought to analyze how the activity of metabolic pathways differed in the liver of patients with varying degrees of AH severity. We utilized a genome-scale metabolic modeling approach that allowed for integration of a generic human cellular metabolic model with specific RNA-seq data corresponding to healthy and multiple liver disease states to …


Intouch Week Of November 21, 2022, New York Medical College 2022 Touro College and University System

Improving Translatability Of Spinal Cord Injury Research By Including Age As A Demographic Variable, Andrew N. Stewart, Linda A. T. Jones, John C. Gensel 2022 University of Kentucky

Improving Translatability Of Spinal Cord Injury Research By Including Age As A Demographic Variable, Andrew N. Stewart, Linda A. T. Jones, John C. Gensel

Department of Physical Therapy Faculty Papers

Pre-clinical and clinical spinal cord injury (SCI) studies differ in study design, particularly in the demographic characteristics of the chosen population. In clinical study design, criteria such as such as motor scores, neurological level, and severity of injury are often key determinants for participant inclusion. Further, demographic variables in clinical trials often include individuals from a wide age range and typically include both sexes, albeit historically most cases of SCI occur in males. In contrast, pre-clinical SCI models predominately utilize young adult rodents and typically use only females. While it is often not feasible to power SCI clinical trials to …


The Impact Of High-Intensity Interval Training On Vascular Function In Adults: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Mousa Khalafi, Mohammad Hossein Sakhaei, Fatemeh Kazeminasab, Michael E. Symonds, Sara K. Rosenkranz 2022 University of Kashan

The Impact Of High-Intensity Interval Training On Vascular Function In Adults: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Mousa Khalafi, Mohammad Hossein Sakhaei, Fatemeh Kazeminasab, Michael E. Symonds, Sara K. Rosenkranz

Kinesiology and Nutrition Sciences Faculty Publications

Aim: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) compared with moderateintensity continuous training (MICT) or with no exercise (CON) on vascular function in adults who were free of cardiometabolic diseases and those with cardiometabolic diseases.

Methods: A search across three electronic databases including Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Science was conducted through February 2022 to identify the randomized trials evaluating HIIT vs. MICT and/or CON on vascular function as measured using brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in adults. Separate analyses were conducted for HIIT vs. MICT and/or CON to calculate weighted …


Human Dectin-1 Deficiency Impairs Macrophage-Mediated Defense Against Phaeohyphomycosis, Rebecca A. Drummond, Jigar V. Desai, Amy P. Hsu, Vasileios Oikonomou, Donald C. Vinh, Joshua A. Acklin, Michael S. Abers, Magdalena A. Walkiewicz, Sarah L. Anzick, Muthulekha Swamydas, Simon Vautier, Mukil Natarajan, Andrew J. Oler, Daisuke Yamanaka, Katrin D. Mayer-Barber, Yoichiro Iwakura, David Bianchi, Brian Driscoll, Ken Hauck, Ahnika Kline, Nicholas S.P. Viall, Christa S. Zerbe, Elise M.N. Ferré, Monica M. Schmitt, Tom DiMaggio, Stefania Pittaluga, John A. Butman, Adrian M. Zelazny, Yvonne R. Shea, Cesar A. Arias, Cameron Ashbaugh, Maryam Mahmood, Zelalem Temesgen, Alexander G. Theofiles, Masayuki Nigo, Varsha Moudgal, Karen C. Bloch, Sean G. Kelly, M. Suzanne Whitworth, Ganesh Rao, Cindy J. Whitener, Neema Mafi, Juan Gea-Banacloche, Lawrence C. Kenyon, William R. Miller, Katia Boggian, Andrea Gilbert, Matthew Sincock, Alexandra F. Freeman, John E. Bennett, Rodrigo Hasbun, Constantinos M. Mikelis, Kyung J. Kwon-Chung, Yasmine Belkaid, Gordon D. Brown, Jean K. Lim, Douglas B. Kuhns, Steven M. Holland, Michail S. Lionakis 2022 National Institutes of Health

Human Dectin-1 Deficiency Impairs Macrophage-Mediated Defense Against Phaeohyphomycosis, Rebecca A. Drummond, Jigar V. Desai, Amy P. Hsu, Vasileios Oikonomou, Donald C. Vinh, Joshua A. Acklin, Michael S. Abers, Magdalena A. Walkiewicz, Sarah L. Anzick, Muthulekha Swamydas, Simon Vautier, Mukil Natarajan, Andrew J. Oler, Daisuke Yamanaka, Katrin D. Mayer-Barber, Yoichiro Iwakura, David Bianchi, Brian Driscoll, Ken Hauck, Ahnika Kline, Nicholas S.P. Viall, Christa S. Zerbe, Elise M.N. Ferré, Monica M. Schmitt, Tom Dimaggio, Stefania Pittaluga, John A. Butman, Adrian M. Zelazny, Yvonne R. Shea, Cesar A. Arias, Cameron Ashbaugh, Maryam Mahmood, Zelalem Temesgen, Alexander G. Theofiles, Masayuki Nigo, Varsha Moudgal, Karen C. Bloch, Sean G. Kelly, M. Suzanne Whitworth, Ganesh Rao, Cindy J. Whitener, Neema Mafi, Juan Gea-Banacloche, Lawrence C. Kenyon, William R. Miller, Katia Boggian, Andrea Gilbert, Matthew Sincock, Alexandra F. Freeman, John E. Bennett, Rodrigo Hasbun, Constantinos M. Mikelis, Kyung J. Kwon-Chung, Yasmine Belkaid, Gordon D. Brown, Jean K. Lim, Douglas B. Kuhns, Steven M. Holland, Michail S. Lionakis

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis typically affects immunocompetent individuals following traumatic inoculation. Severe or disseminated infection can occur in CARD9 deficiency or after transplantation, but the mechanisms protecting against phaeohyphomycosis remain unclear. We evaluated a patient with progressive, refractory Corynespora cassiicola phaeohyphomycosis and found that he carried biallelic deleterious mutations in CLEC7A encoding the CARD9-coupled, β-glucan-binding receptor, Dectin-1. The patient's PBMCs failed to produce TNF-α and IL-1β in response to β-glucan and/or C. cassiicola. To confirm the cellular and molecular requirements for immunity against C. cassiicola, we developed a mouse model of this infection. Mouse macrophages required Dectin-1 and CARD9 for IL-1β and …


Exploration Of The Pathophysiological Mechanisms Underlying Hemodialysis Associated Cardiac Ischemic Injury, Lisa Yun Jeong Hur 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Exploration Of The Pathophysiological Mechanisms Underlying Hemodialysis Associated Cardiac Ischemic Injury, Lisa Yun Jeong Hur

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Hemodialysis (HD) provides life-saving treatment in individuals with kidney failure. However, HD is associated with poor quality of life and extremely high mortality rates mainly caused by cardiovascular disease due to heart failure and sudden cardiac death. Standard pharmacological treatment developed within the non-kidney disease community are largely ineffective in HD patients because of the difference in pathophysiology of cardiovascular mortality. HD treatment causes hypotension and recurrent ischemic injury to multiple vascular beds including the heart, leading to heart failure. These injuries can be abrogated by improving the patient’s tolerability of the treatment. To apply interventions that may improve hemodynamic …


Intouch Week Of November 14, 2022, New York Medical College 2022 Touro College and University System

Intouch Week Of November 14, 2022, New York Medical College

InTouch


Corneal Edema Associated With Degenerating Soemmering Ring Cataract: Clinical-Pathologic Correlation, Jordan P Safran, Nathan Nataneli, Jayesh Vazirani, Ralph C. Eagle Jr, Tatyana Milman 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Corneal Edema Associated With Degenerating Soemmering Ring Cataract: Clinical-Pathologic Correlation, Jordan P Safran, Nathan Nataneli, Jayesh Vazirani, Ralph C. Eagle Jr, Tatyana Milman

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

Purpose: To report three patients with an uncommon delayed complication of cataract extraction: corneal edema following dispersion of calcific lens particles from a degenerating Soemmering ring cataract.

Observations: We report three patients, 75-92 years old, presenting with corneal edema and dispersed, degenerated calcific lens material in the anterior chamber and vitreous 20-30 years after cataract surgery. In all patients, calcific particles studded the posterior surface of the cornea in a gravity-dependent distribution without apparent inflammation and were associated with localized corneal edema. In one patient, calcific particles were also associated with secondary open angle glaucoma. Deposits originated from the calcified …


Caspase-8 Inactivation Drives Autophagy-Dependent Inflammasome Activation In Myeloid Cells., Yung-Hsuan Wu, Shu-Ting Mo, I-Ting Chen, Fu-Yi Hsieh, Shie-Liang Hsieh, Jianke Zhang, Ming-Zong Lai 2022 Academia Sinica, Taipei

Caspase-8 Inactivation Drives Autophagy-Dependent Inflammasome Activation In Myeloid Cells., Yung-Hsuan Wu, Shu-Ting Mo, I-Ting Chen, Fu-Yi Hsieh, Shie-Liang Hsieh, Jianke Zhang, Ming-Zong Lai

Department of Microbiology and Immunology Faculty Papers

Caspase-8 activity controls the switch from cell death to pyroptosis when apoptosis and necroptosis are blocked, yet how caspase-8 inactivation induces inflammasome assembly remains unclear. We show that caspase-8 inhibition via IETD treatment in Toll-like receptor (TLR)-primed Fadd-/-Ripk3-/- myeloid cells promoted interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and IL-18 production through inflammasome activation. Caspase-8, caspase-1/11, and functional GSDMD, but not NLRP3 or RIPK1 activity, proved essential for IETD-triggered inflammasome activation. Autophagy became prominent in IETD-treated Fadd-/-Ripk3-/- macrophages, and inhibiting it attenuated IETD-induced cell death and IL-1β/IL-18 production. In contrast, inhibiting GSDMD or autophagy did not prevent IETD-induced septic …


Reproducibility Efforts As A Teaching Tool: A Pilot Study, Nestoras Karathanasis, Daniel Hwang, Vibol Heng, Rimal Abhimannyu, Phillip Slogoff-Sevilla, Gina Buchel, Victoria Frisbie, Peiyao Li, Dafni Kryoneriti, Isidore Rigoutsos 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Reproducibility Efforts As A Teaching Tool: A Pilot Study, Nestoras Karathanasis, Daniel Hwang, Vibol Heng, Rimal Abhimannyu, Phillip Slogoff-Sevilla, Gina Buchel, Victoria Frisbie, Peiyao Li, Dafni Kryoneriti, Isidore Rigoutsos

Computational Medicine Center Faculty Papers

The "replication crisis" is a methodological problem in which many scientific research findings have been difficult or impossible to replicate. Because the reproducibility of empirical results is an essential aspect of the scientific method, such failures endanger the credibility of theories based on them and possibly significant portions of scientific knowledge. An instance of the replication crisis, analytic replication, pertains to reproducing published results through computational reanalysis of the authors' original data. However, direct replications are costly, time-consuming, and unrewarded in today's publishing standards. We propose that bioinformatics and computational biology students replicate recent discoveries as part of their curriculum. …


Follow-Up Blood Cultures In Gram-Negative Bacteremia: How Do They Impact Outcomes?, Azza Elamin, Faisal Khan, Rajasekhar Jagarlamudi 2022 Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Trinity Health St. Joseph Mercy Hospital Ann Arbor

Follow-Up Blood Cultures In Gram-Negative Bacteremia: How Do They Impact Outcomes?, Azza Elamin, Faisal Khan, Rajasekhar Jagarlamudi

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Introduction: Several studies have questioned the utility of obtaining follow-up blood cultures in Gram-negative bacteremia, but the impact of this practice on clinical outcomes is not fully understood. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of adult patients admitted with Gram-negative bacteremia over a two year period, to compare outcomes in those with and without follow-up blood cultures obtained. Data collected included demographics, comorbidities and presumed source of bacteremia. White blood cell count and presence of fever or hemodynamic compromise on the day of follow-up blood culture were recorded. The primary objective was to compare 30-day mortality between the two groups. Secondary …


Uncovering The Biological Basis Of Control Energy: Structural And Metabolic Correlates Of Energy Inefficiency In Temporal Lobe Epilepsy, Xiaosong He, Lorenzo Caciagli, Linden Parkes, Jennifer Stiso, Teresa M. Karrer, Jason Z. Kim, Zhixin Lu, Tommaso Menara, Fabio Pasqualetti, Michael R. Sperling, Joseph I. Tracy, Dani S. Bassett 2022 University of Science and Technology of China

Uncovering The Biological Basis Of Control Energy: Structural And Metabolic Correlates Of Energy Inefficiency In Temporal Lobe Epilepsy, Xiaosong He, Lorenzo Caciagli, Linden Parkes, Jennifer Stiso, Teresa M. Karrer, Jason Z. Kim, Zhixin Lu, Tommaso Menara, Fabio Pasqualetti, Michael R. Sperling, Joseph I. Tracy, Dani S. Bassett

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Network control theory is increasingly used to profile the brain's energy landscape via simulations of neural dynamics. This approach estimates the control energy required to simulate the activation of brain circuits based on structural connectome measured using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging, thereby quantifying those circuits' energetic efficiency. The biological basis of control energy, however, remains unknown, hampering its further application. To fill this gap, investigating temporal lobe epilepsy as a lesion model, we show that patients require higher control energy to activate the limbic network than healthy volunteers, especially ipsilateral to the seizure focus. The energetic imbalance between ipsilateral and …


Capture At The Er-Mitochondrial Contacts Licenses Ip, Máté Katona, Ádám Bartók, Zuzana Nichtova, György Csordás, Elena Berezhnaya, David Weaver, Arijita Ghosh, Péter Várnai, David I. Yule, György Hajnóczky 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Capture At The Er-Mitochondrial Contacts Licenses Ip, Máté Katona, Ádám Bartók, Zuzana Nichtova, György Csordás, Elena Berezhnaya, David Weaver, Arijita Ghosh, Péter Várnai, David I. Yule, György Hajnóczky

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Endoplasmic reticulum-mitochondria contacts (ERMCs) are restructured in response to changes in cell state. While this restructuring has been implicated as a cause or consequence of pathology in numerous systems, the underlying molecular dynamics are poorly understood. Here, we show means to visualize the capture of motile IP3 receptors (IP3Rs) at ERMCs and document the immediate consequences for calcium signaling and metabolism. IP3Rs are of particular interest because their presence provides a scaffold for ERMCs that mediate local calcium signaling, and their function outside of ERMCs depends on their motility. Unexpectedly, in a cell model with little ERMC Ca2+ coupling, IP3Rs …


Intouch Week Of November 7, 2022, New York Medical College 2022 Touro College and University System

Pi3k Isoform-Specific Regulation Of Leader And Follower Cell Function For Collective Migration And Proliferation In Response To Injury, Morgan D Basta, A. Menko, Janice L Walker 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Pi3k Isoform-Specific Regulation Of Leader And Follower Cell Function For Collective Migration And Proliferation In Response To Injury, Morgan D Basta, A. Menko, Janice L Walker

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

To ensure proper wound healing it is important to elucidate the signaling cues that coordinate leader and follower cell behavior to promote collective migration and proliferation for wound healing in response to injury. Using an ex vivo post-cataract surgery wound healing model we investigated the role of class I phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) isoforms in this process. Our findings revealed a specific role for p110α signaling independent of Akt for promoting the collective migration and proliferation of the epithelium for wound closure. In addition, we found an important role for p110α signaling in orchestrating proper polarized cytoskeletal organization within both leader and …


The Nogo Receptor Ngr2, A Novel Αvβ3 Integrin Effector, Induces Neuroendocrine Differentiation In Prostate Cancer, Fabio Quaglia, Shiv Ram Krishn, Khalid Sossey-Alaoui, Priyanka Shailendra Rana, Elzbieta Pluskota, Pyung Hun Park, Christopher D. Shields, Stephen Lin, Peter McCue, Andrew V. Kossenkov, Yanqing Wang, David W. Goodrich, Sheng-Yu Ku, Himisha Beltran, William K. Kelly, Eva Corey, Maja Klose, Christine Bandtlow, Qin Liu, Dario C. Altieri, Edward F. Plow, Lucia R. Languino 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

The Nogo Receptor Ngr2, A Novel Αvβ3 Integrin Effector, Induces Neuroendocrine Differentiation In Prostate Cancer, Fabio Quaglia, Shiv Ram Krishn, Khalid Sossey-Alaoui, Priyanka Shailendra Rana, Elzbieta Pluskota, Pyung Hun Park, Christopher D. Shields, Stephen Lin, Peter Mccue, Andrew V. Kossenkov, Yanqing Wang, David W. Goodrich, Sheng-Yu Ku, Himisha Beltran, William K. Kelly, Eva Corey, Maja Klose, Christine Bandtlow, Qin Liu, Dario C. Altieri, Edward F. Plow, Lucia R. Languino

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

Androgen deprivation therapies aimed to target prostate cancer (PrCa) are only partially successful given the occurrence of neuroendocrine PrCa (NEPrCa), a highly aggressive and highly metastatic form of PrCa, for which there is no effective therapeutic approach. Our group has demonstrated that while absent in prostate adenocarcinoma, the αVβ3 integrin expression is increased during PrCa progression toward NEPrCa. Here, we show a novel pathway activated by αVβ3 that promotes NE differentiation (NED). This novel pathway requires the expression of a GPI-linked surface molecule, NgR2, also known as Nogo-66 receptor homolog 1. We show here that NgR2 is upregulated by αVβ3, …


Creatively Capturing Structure And Energy: Zero Balancing's Essential Elements (Article & Video), Lisa Bardarson 2022 Zero Balancing Faculty

Creatively Capturing Structure And Energy: Zero Balancing's Essential Elements (Article & Video), Lisa Bardarson

Journal of Transformative Touch

Through the creative use of coloring, I am devising a way to document Zero Balancing’s two foundational elements, structure and energy and the changes that occur following a ZB session. I believe this experiential activity will be a creative fulcrum, helping the client connect more effectively with the deepest part of themselves thereby experiencing greater ease and freedom from their issues. As the activity of coloring is a “right brain”/ creative endeavor, I believe it can serve to enhance a client’s expanded state of consciousness, one of the hallmarks of a Zero Balancing session, as well as improve their overall …


Children’S Experiences Of Hospitalization Over Time: An Evaluation Of Using Poetry And Creative Writing By Children To Assess Their Experiences Of Hospitalization, David Wood 2022 Royal Manchester Children's Hospital

Children’S Experiences Of Hospitalization Over Time: An Evaluation Of Using Poetry And Creative Writing By Children To Assess Their Experiences Of Hospitalization, David Wood

Patient Experience Journal

This article explores children’s experiences of hospital admissions through their poetry and creative writing and assesses the validity of this medium compared to other methods of evaluation. Pediatric patient experiences of hospital and their effects on children have been studied in various ways and there have been stepwise changes throughout the past century, matching the overall changes of medical care from paternalistic to patient centered. 17 poems were analyzed from children aged 6-13 years old (median 10) for recurrent themes whilst admitted to a large tertiary hospital in the north of England. Children frequently wrote about attacks on their senses, …


The Importance Of Patient Engagement In The Management Of Giant Cell Arteritis, Nikhil S. Patil, Maxwell J. Gelkopf, Santano L. Rodrigues, Arun NE. Sundaram 2022 McMaster University

The Importance Of Patient Engagement In The Management Of Giant Cell Arteritis, Nikhil S. Patil, Maxwell J. Gelkopf, Santano L. Rodrigues, Arun Ne. Sundaram

Patient Experience Journal

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a vascular condition characterized by ocular, systemic and neurological symptoms. Visual loss is the dreaded complication of this condition, prompting expedient diagnosis and treatment. Treatment typically involves prolonged glucocorticoid therapy which is often accompanied by several undesired side effects. In this report, we document one patient’s experience with GCA, its treatment, and relapse. Particularly, the patient highlights the difficulties and successes he had with the disease and its treatment. We also document the physician perspective on this disease and its treatment, specifically discussing the significance of prolonged treatment with glucocorticoids. We comment on the importance …


Digital Commons powered by bepress