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Clinicopathological And Prognostic Significance Of Cxcr4 Expression In Osteosarcoma: A Meta-Analysis, I Gusti Ngurah Ananda Wira Kusuma, Grace Yulia Alphani Yapson, John Nolan, I Gede Eka Wiratnaya, I Gede Putu Supadmanaba 2022 Bachelor of Medicine and Medical Doctor Profession Study Program of Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia

Clinicopathological And Prognostic Significance Of Cxcr4 Expression In Osteosarcoma: A Meta-Analysis, I Gusti Ngurah Ananda Wira Kusuma, Grace Yulia Alphani Yapson, John Nolan, I Gede Eka Wiratnaya, I Gede Putu Supadmanaba

BioMedicine

Background: The C-X-C Motif Chemokine Receptor (CXCR4) is an oncogene that has been widely studied and associated with worse clinicopathological features and prognosis outcomes in many types of cancer. Besides that, significance of CXCR4 expression on clinicopathological features and prognostic factors in osteosarcoma (OS) requires further validation.

Aim: We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the association between positive CXCR4 expression with clinicopathological features and prognosis in OS.

Methods: Literature searches on Pubmed, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science were conducted systematically up to December 2021 to find relevant references. The effects of CXCR4 expression on clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic were …


Analysis Of Antiquorum-Sensing And Antibiofilm Activity By Pomelo Peel Extract (Citrus Maxima) On Multidrug-Resistance Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, I Gede Krisna Arim Sadeva, Putri Ayu Wulandari, Aizar Vesa Prasetyo, Luh Putu Nike Wahyuntika, Putu Nindya Krisnadewi Rahadi, I Gede Aswin Parisya Sasmana, I Made Rhamandana Putra, Agus Eka Darwinata 2022 Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Analysis Of Antiquorum-Sensing And Antibiofilm Activity By Pomelo Peel Extract (Citrus Maxima) On Multidrug-Resistance Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, I Gede Krisna Arim Sadeva, Putri Ayu Wulandari, Aizar Vesa Prasetyo, Luh Putu Nike Wahyuntika, Putu Nindya Krisnadewi Rahadi, I Gede Aswin Parisya Sasmana, I Made Rhamandana Putra, Agus Eka Darwinata

BioMedicine

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is gram-negative bacteria with high adaptability by forming biofilms and quorum-sensing mechanisms to avoid immune responses and antimicrobial agents which tend to develop into Multidrug Resistance (MDR) related to Healthcare-Associated Infection (HAI) with a prevalence of 3,8% in Indonesia and a mortality of up to 69%. Polyphenol compounds found in pomelo peels (Citrus maxima) have been shown to have antibiofilm and antiquorum-sensing effects but are less investigated. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate those effects on MDR P. aeruginosa. In vitro study design is performed to evaluate the inhibition effect of ethanolic extract on bacterial …


Crosstalk Between Fatty Acid Metabolism And Tumour-Associated Macrophages In Cancer Progression, Noorzaileen Eileena Zaidi, Nur Aima Hafiza Shazali, Thean Chor Leow, Mohd Azuraidi Osman, Kamariah Ibrahim, Nik Mohd Afizan Nik Abd Rahman 2022 Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Crosstalk Between Fatty Acid Metabolism And Tumour-Associated Macrophages In Cancer Progression, Noorzaileen Eileena Zaidi, Nur Aima Hafiza Shazali, Thean Chor Leow, Mohd Azuraidi Osman, Kamariah Ibrahim, Nik Mohd Afizan Nik Abd Rahman

BioMedicine

Over the last few decades, cancer has been regarded as an independent and selfsustaining progression. The earliest hallmarks of cancer comprise of sustaining proliferative signalling, avoiding growth suppressors, resisting cell death, enabling replicative immortality, inducing angiogenesis, and activating invasion and metastasis. Nonetheless, two emerging hallmarks are being described: aberrant metabolic pathways and evasion of immune destruction. Changes in tumour cell metabolism are not restricted to tumour cells alone; the products of the altered metabolism have a direct impact on the activity of immune cells inside the tumour microenvironment, particularly tumour-associated macrophages (TAMs). The complicated process of cancer growth is orchestrated …


Is Autologous Platelet Activation The Key Step In Ovarian Therapy For Fertility Recovery And Menopause Reversal?, Natalie S. Rickers, E. Scott Sills 2022 Plasma Research Section, FertiGen CAG/Regenerative Biology Group; San Clemente, CA 92673, USA

Is Autologous Platelet Activation The Key Step In Ovarian Therapy For Fertility Recovery And Menopause Reversal?, Natalie S. Rickers, E. Scott Sills

BioMedicine

Platelets are a uniquely mammalian physiologic feature. As the only non-marine vertebrates to experience menopause, humans have a substantial post-reproductive lifespan and are believed to have a limited, non-renewable oocyte supply. Ovarian reserve typically declines after about age 35yrs, marking losses which cannot be recovered by available fertility medications. When in vitro fertilization fails due to low or absent ovarian response, gonadotropin adjustments are often ineffectual and if additional oocytes are occasionally harvested, egg quality is usually poor. This problem was confronted by Greek researchers who developed a new surgical method to insert autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) into ovaries; the …


Interferon Partly Dictates A Divergent Transcriptional Response In Poxvirus-Infected And Bystander Inflammatory Monocytes, Carolina R Melo-Silva, Marisa I Roman, Cory J Knudson, Lingjuan Tang, Ren-Huan Xu, Michel Tassetto, Patrick Dolan, Raul Andino, Luis J. Sigal 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Interferon Partly Dictates A Divergent Transcriptional Response In Poxvirus-Infected And Bystander Inflammatory Monocytes, Carolina R Melo-Silva, Marisa I Roman, Cory J Knudson, Lingjuan Tang, Ren-Huan Xu, Michel Tassetto, Patrick Dolan, Raul Andino, Luis J. Sigal

Department of Microbiology and Immunology Faculty Papers

Inflammatory monocytes (iMOs) and B cells are the main targets of the poxvirus ectromelia virus (ECTV) in the lymph nodes of mice and play distinct roles in surviving the infection. Infected and bystander iMOs control ECTV's systemic spread, preventing early death, while B cells make antibodies that eliminate ECTV. Our work demonstrates that within an infected animal that survives ECTV infection, intrinsic and bystander infection of iMOs and B cells differentially control the transcription of genes important for immune cell function and, perhaps, cell identity. Bystander cells upregulate metabolism, antigen presentation, and interferon-stimulated genes. Infected cells downregulate many cell-type-specific genes …


Genome-Scale Metabolic Modeling Reveals Sequential Dysregulation Of Glutathione Metabolism In Livers From Patients With Alcoholic Hepatitis, Alexandra Manchel, Radhakrishnan Mahadevan, Ramon Bataller, Jan B. Hoek, Rajanikanth Vadigepalli 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Genome-Scale Metabolic Modeling Reveals Sequential Dysregulation Of Glutathione Metabolism In Livers From Patients With Alcoholic Hepatitis, Alexandra Manchel, Radhakrishnan Mahadevan, Ramon Bataller, Jan B. Hoek, Rajanikanth Vadigepalli

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Alcoholic hepatitis (AH) is the most severe form of alcoholic liver disease for which there is no efficacious treatment aiding most patients. AH manifests differently in individuals, with some patients showing debilitating symptoms more so than others. Previous studies showed significant metabolic dysregulation associated with AH. Therefore, we sought to analyze how the activity of metabolic pathways differed in the liver of patients with varying degrees of AH severity. We utilized a genome-scale metabolic modeling approach that allowed for integration of a generic human cellular metabolic model with specific RNA-seq data corresponding to healthy and multiple liver disease states to …


Pathogenicity And Impact Of Hla Class I Alleles In Aplastic Anemia Patients Of Different Ethnicities, Timothy S Olson, Benjamin F Frost, Jamie L Duke, Marian Dribus, Hongbo M Xie, Zachary D Prudowsky, Elissa Furutani, Jonas Gudera, Yash B Shah, Deborah Ferriola, Amalia Dinou, Ioanna Pagkrati, Soyoung Kim, Yixi Xu, Meilun He, Shannon Zheng, Sally Nijim, Ping Lin, Chong Xu, Taizo A Nakano, Joseph H Oved, Beatriz M Carreno, Yung-Tsi Bolon, Shahinaz M Gadalla, Steven Ge Marsh, Sophie Paczesny, Stephanie J Lee, Dimitrios S Monos, Akiko Shimamura, Alison A Bertuch, Loren Gragert, Stephen R Spellman, Daria V Babushok 2022 Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Pathogenicity And Impact Of Hla Class I Alleles In Aplastic Anemia Patients Of Different Ethnicities, Timothy S Olson, Benjamin F Frost, Jamie L Duke, Marian Dribus, Hongbo M Xie, Zachary D Prudowsky, Elissa Furutani, Jonas Gudera, Yash B Shah, Deborah Ferriola, Amalia Dinou, Ioanna Pagkrati, Soyoung Kim, Yixi Xu, Meilun He, Shannon Zheng, Sally Nijim, Ping Lin, Chong Xu, Taizo A Nakano, Joseph H Oved, Beatriz M Carreno, Yung-Tsi Bolon, Shahinaz M Gadalla, Steven Ge Marsh, Sophie Paczesny, Stephanie J Lee, Dimitrios S Monos, Akiko Shimamura, Alison A Bertuch, Loren Gragert, Stephen R Spellman, Daria V Babushok

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Acquired aplastic anemia (AA) is caused by autoreactive T cell-mediated destruction of early hematopoietic cells. Somatic loss of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I alleles was identified as a mechanism of immune escape in surviving hematopoietic cells of some patients with AA. However, pathogenicity, structural characteristics, and clinical impact of specific HLA alleles in AA remain poorly understood. Here, we evaluated somatic HLA loss in 505 patients with AA from 2 multi-institutional cohorts. Using a combination of HLA mutation frequencies, peptide-binding structures, and association with AA in an independent cohort of 6,323 patients from the National Marrow Donor Program, we …


Intouch Week Of November 21, 2022, New York Medical College 2022 Touro College and University System

Improving Translatability Of Spinal Cord Injury Research By Including Age As A Demographic Variable, Andrew N. Stewart, Linda A. T. Jones, John C. Gensel 2022 University of Kentucky

Improving Translatability Of Spinal Cord Injury Research By Including Age As A Demographic Variable, Andrew N. Stewart, Linda A. T. Jones, John C. Gensel

Department of Physical Therapy Faculty Papers

Pre-clinical and clinical spinal cord injury (SCI) studies differ in study design, particularly in the demographic characteristics of the chosen population. In clinical study design, criteria such as such as motor scores, neurological level, and severity of injury are often key determinants for participant inclusion. Further, demographic variables in clinical trials often include individuals from a wide age range and typically include both sexes, albeit historically most cases of SCI occur in males. In contrast, pre-clinical SCI models predominately utilize young adult rodents and typically use only females. While it is often not feasible to power SCI clinical trials to …


The Impact Of High-Intensity Interval Training On Vascular Function In Adults: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Mousa Khalafi, Mohammad Hossein Sakhaei, Fatemeh Kazeminasab, Michael E. Symonds, Sara K. Rosenkranz 2022 University of Kashan

The Impact Of High-Intensity Interval Training On Vascular Function In Adults: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Mousa Khalafi, Mohammad Hossein Sakhaei, Fatemeh Kazeminasab, Michael E. Symonds, Sara K. Rosenkranz

Kinesiology and Nutrition Sciences Faculty Publications

Aim: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) compared with moderateintensity continuous training (MICT) or with no exercise (CON) on vascular function in adults who were free of cardiometabolic diseases and those with cardiometabolic diseases.

Methods: A search across three electronic databases including Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Science was conducted through February 2022 to identify the randomized trials evaluating HIIT vs. MICT and/or CON on vascular function as measured using brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in adults. Separate analyses were conducted for HIIT vs. MICT and/or CON to calculate weighted …


Human Dectin-1 Deficiency Impairs Macrophage-Mediated Defense Against Phaeohyphomycosis, Rebecca A. Drummond, Jigar V. Desai, Amy P. Hsu, Vasileios Oikonomou, Donald C. Vinh, Joshua A. Acklin, Michael S. Abers, Magdalena A. Walkiewicz, Sarah L. Anzick, Muthulekha Swamydas, Simon Vautier, Mukil Natarajan, Andrew J. Oler, Daisuke Yamanaka, Katrin D. Mayer-Barber, Yoichiro Iwakura, David Bianchi, Brian Driscoll, Ken Hauck, Ahnika Kline, Nicholas S.P. Viall, Christa S. Zerbe, Elise M.N. Ferré, Monica M. Schmitt, Tom DiMaggio, Stefania Pittaluga, John A. Butman, Adrian M. Zelazny, Yvonne R. Shea, Cesar A. Arias, Cameron Ashbaugh, Maryam Mahmood, Zelalem Temesgen, Alexander G. Theofiles, Masayuki Nigo, Varsha Moudgal, Karen C. Bloch, Sean G. Kelly, M. Suzanne Whitworth, Ganesh Rao, Cindy J. Whitener, Neema Mafi, Juan Gea-Banacloche, Lawrence C. Kenyon, William R. Miller, Katia Boggian, Andrea Gilbert, Matthew Sincock, Alexandra F. Freeman, John E. Bennett, Rodrigo Hasbun, Constantinos M. Mikelis, Kyung J. Kwon-Chung, Yasmine Belkaid, Gordon D. Brown, Jean K. Lim, Douglas B. Kuhns, Steven M. Holland, Michail S. Lionakis 2022 National Institutes of Health

Human Dectin-1 Deficiency Impairs Macrophage-Mediated Defense Against Phaeohyphomycosis, Rebecca A. Drummond, Jigar V. Desai, Amy P. Hsu, Vasileios Oikonomou, Donald C. Vinh, Joshua A. Acklin, Michael S. Abers, Magdalena A. Walkiewicz, Sarah L. Anzick, Muthulekha Swamydas, Simon Vautier, Mukil Natarajan, Andrew J. Oler, Daisuke Yamanaka, Katrin D. Mayer-Barber, Yoichiro Iwakura, David Bianchi, Brian Driscoll, Ken Hauck, Ahnika Kline, Nicholas S.P. Viall, Christa S. Zerbe, Elise M.N. Ferré, Monica M. Schmitt, Tom Dimaggio, Stefania Pittaluga, John A. Butman, Adrian M. Zelazny, Yvonne R. Shea, Cesar A. Arias, Cameron Ashbaugh, Maryam Mahmood, Zelalem Temesgen, Alexander G. Theofiles, Masayuki Nigo, Varsha Moudgal, Karen C. Bloch, Sean G. Kelly, M. Suzanne Whitworth, Ganesh Rao, Cindy J. Whitener, Neema Mafi, Juan Gea-Banacloche, Lawrence C. Kenyon, William R. Miller, Katia Boggian, Andrea Gilbert, Matthew Sincock, Alexandra F. Freeman, John E. Bennett, Rodrigo Hasbun, Constantinos M. Mikelis, Kyung J. Kwon-Chung, Yasmine Belkaid, Gordon D. Brown, Jean K. Lim, Douglas B. Kuhns, Steven M. Holland, Michail S. Lionakis

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis typically affects immunocompetent individuals following traumatic inoculation. Severe or disseminated infection can occur in CARD9 deficiency or after transplantation, but the mechanisms protecting against phaeohyphomycosis remain unclear. We evaluated a patient with progressive, refractory Corynespora cassiicola phaeohyphomycosis and found that he carried biallelic deleterious mutations in CLEC7A encoding the CARD9-coupled, β-glucan-binding receptor, Dectin-1. The patient's PBMCs failed to produce TNF-α and IL-1β in response to β-glucan and/or C. cassiicola. To confirm the cellular and molecular requirements for immunity against C. cassiicola, we developed a mouse model of this infection. Mouse macrophages required Dectin-1 and CARD9 for IL-1β and …


Exploration Of The Pathophysiological Mechanisms Underlying Hemodialysis Associated Cardiac Ischemic Injury, Lisa Yun Jeong Hur 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Exploration Of The Pathophysiological Mechanisms Underlying Hemodialysis Associated Cardiac Ischemic Injury, Lisa Yun Jeong Hur

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Hemodialysis (HD) provides life-saving treatment in individuals with kidney failure. However, HD is associated with poor quality of life and extremely high mortality rates mainly caused by cardiovascular disease due to heart failure and sudden cardiac death. Standard pharmacological treatment developed within the non-kidney disease community are largely ineffective in HD patients because of the difference in pathophysiology of cardiovascular mortality. HD treatment causes hypotension and recurrent ischemic injury to multiple vascular beds including the heart, leading to heart failure. These injuries can be abrogated by improving the patient’s tolerability of the treatment. To apply interventions that may improve hemodynamic …


Intouch Week Of November 14, 2022, New York Medical College 2022 Touro College and University System

Intouch Week Of November 14, 2022, New York Medical College

InTouch


Caspase-8 Inactivation Drives Autophagy-Dependent Inflammasome Activation In Myeloid Cells., Yung-Hsuan Wu, Shu-Ting Mo, I-Ting Chen, Fu-Yi Hsieh, Shie-Liang Hsieh, Jianke Zhang, Ming-Zong Lai 2022 Academia Sinica, Taipei

Caspase-8 Inactivation Drives Autophagy-Dependent Inflammasome Activation In Myeloid Cells., Yung-Hsuan Wu, Shu-Ting Mo, I-Ting Chen, Fu-Yi Hsieh, Shie-Liang Hsieh, Jianke Zhang, Ming-Zong Lai

Department of Microbiology and Immunology Faculty Papers

Caspase-8 activity controls the switch from cell death to pyroptosis when apoptosis and necroptosis are blocked, yet how caspase-8 inactivation induces inflammasome assembly remains unclear. We show that caspase-8 inhibition via IETD treatment in Toll-like receptor (TLR)-primed Fadd-/-Ripk3-/- myeloid cells promoted interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and IL-18 production through inflammasome activation. Caspase-8, caspase-1/11, and functional GSDMD, but not NLRP3 or RIPK1 activity, proved essential for IETD-triggered inflammasome activation. Autophagy became prominent in IETD-treated Fadd-/-Ripk3-/- macrophages, and inhibiting it attenuated IETD-induced cell death and IL-1β/IL-18 production. In contrast, inhibiting GSDMD or autophagy did not prevent IETD-induced septic …


Corneal Edema Associated With Degenerating Soemmering Ring Cataract: Clinical-Pathologic Correlation, Jordan P Safran, Nathan Nataneli, Jayesh Vazirani, Ralph C. Eagle Jr, Tatyana Milman 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Corneal Edema Associated With Degenerating Soemmering Ring Cataract: Clinical-Pathologic Correlation, Jordan P Safran, Nathan Nataneli, Jayesh Vazirani, Ralph C. Eagle Jr, Tatyana Milman

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

Purpose: To report three patients with an uncommon delayed complication of cataract extraction: corneal edema following dispersion of calcific lens particles from a degenerating Soemmering ring cataract.

Observations: We report three patients, 75-92 years old, presenting with corneal edema and dispersed, degenerated calcific lens material in the anterior chamber and vitreous 20-30 years after cataract surgery. In all patients, calcific particles studded the posterior surface of the cornea in a gravity-dependent distribution without apparent inflammation and were associated with localized corneal edema. In one patient, calcific particles were also associated with secondary open angle glaucoma. Deposits originated from the calcified …


Data Supporting The Roles Of Bap1, Sting, And Ifn-Β In Isgf3 Activation In Ccrcc, Lauren E Langbein, Eleonora Sementino, Zhijiu Zhong, Wei Jiang, Li Li, Joseph R Testa, Haifeng Yang 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Data Supporting The Roles Of Bap1, Sting, And Ifn-Β In Isgf3 Activation In Ccrcc, Lauren E Langbein, Eleonora Sementino, Zhijiu Zhong, Wei Jiang, Li Li, Joseph R Testa, Haifeng Yang

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

The data presented in this article are companion materials to our manuscript titled "BAP1 maintains HIF-dependent interferon beta induction to suppress tumor growth in clear cell renal cell carcinoma" (Langbein et al., 2022), where we investigated the downstream effects of BAP1 (BRCA1-associated protein 1) expression in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) cell lines and mouse xenograft models. In the manuscript, we showed that BAP1 upregulates STING (stimulator of interferon genes) expression and activity in ccRCC cells, leading to IFN-β transcription and activation of interferon stimulated gene factor 3 (ISGF3), the transcription factor that mediates the effects of type I …


Reproducibility Efforts As A Teaching Tool: A Pilot Study, Nestoras Karathanasis, Daniel Hwang, Vibol Heng, Rimal Abhimannyu, Phillip Slogoff-Sevilla, Gina Buchel, Victoria Frisbie, Peiyao Li, Dafni Kryoneriti, Isidore Rigoutsos 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Reproducibility Efforts As A Teaching Tool: A Pilot Study, Nestoras Karathanasis, Daniel Hwang, Vibol Heng, Rimal Abhimannyu, Phillip Slogoff-Sevilla, Gina Buchel, Victoria Frisbie, Peiyao Li, Dafni Kryoneriti, Isidore Rigoutsos

Computational Medicine Center Faculty Papers

The "replication crisis" is a methodological problem in which many scientific research findings have been difficult or impossible to replicate. Because the reproducibility of empirical results is an essential aspect of the scientific method, such failures endanger the credibility of theories based on them and possibly significant portions of scientific knowledge. An instance of the replication crisis, analytic replication, pertains to reproducing published results through computational reanalysis of the authors' original data. However, direct replications are costly, time-consuming, and unrewarded in today's publishing standards. We propose that bioinformatics and computational biology students replicate recent discoveries as part of their curriculum. …


Follow-Up Blood Cultures In Gram-Negative Bacteremia: How Do They Impact Outcomes?, Azza Elamin, Faisal Khan, Rajasekhar Jagarlamudi 2022 Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Trinity Health St. Joseph Mercy Hospital Ann Arbor

Follow-Up Blood Cultures In Gram-Negative Bacteremia: How Do They Impact Outcomes?, Azza Elamin, Faisal Khan, Rajasekhar Jagarlamudi

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Introduction: Several studies have questioned the utility of obtaining follow-up blood cultures in Gram-negative bacteremia, but the impact of this practice on clinical outcomes is not fully understood. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of adult patients admitted with Gram-negative bacteremia over a two year period, to compare outcomes in those with and without follow-up blood cultures obtained. Data collected included demographics, comorbidities and presumed source of bacteremia. White blood cell count and presence of fever or hemodynamic compromise on the day of follow-up blood culture were recorded. The primary objective was to compare 30-day mortality between the two groups. Secondary …


Capture At The Er-Mitochondrial Contacts Licenses Ip, Máté Katona, Ádám Bartók, Zuzana Nichtova, György Csordás, Elena Berezhnaya, David Weaver, Arijita Ghosh, Péter Várnai, David I. Yule, György Hajnóczky 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Capture At The Er-Mitochondrial Contacts Licenses Ip, Máté Katona, Ádám Bartók, Zuzana Nichtova, György Csordás, Elena Berezhnaya, David Weaver, Arijita Ghosh, Péter Várnai, David I. Yule, György Hajnóczky

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Endoplasmic reticulum-mitochondria contacts (ERMCs) are restructured in response to changes in cell state. While this restructuring has been implicated as a cause or consequence of pathology in numerous systems, the underlying molecular dynamics are poorly understood. Here, we show means to visualize the capture of motile IP3 receptors (IP3Rs) at ERMCs and document the immediate consequences for calcium signaling and metabolism. IP3Rs are of particular interest because their presence provides a scaffold for ERMCs that mediate local calcium signaling, and their function outside of ERMCs depends on their motility. Unexpectedly, in a cell model with little ERMC Ca2+ coupling, IP3Rs …


Uncovering The Biological Basis Of Control Energy: Structural And Metabolic Correlates Of Energy Inefficiency In Temporal Lobe Epilepsy, Xiaosong He, Lorenzo Caciagli, Linden Parkes, Jennifer Stiso, Teresa M. Karrer, Jason Z. Kim, Zhixin Lu, Tommaso Menara, Fabio Pasqualetti, Michael R. Sperling, Joseph I. Tracy, Dani S. Bassett 2022 University of Science and Technology of China

Uncovering The Biological Basis Of Control Energy: Structural And Metabolic Correlates Of Energy Inefficiency In Temporal Lobe Epilepsy, Xiaosong He, Lorenzo Caciagli, Linden Parkes, Jennifer Stiso, Teresa M. Karrer, Jason Z. Kim, Zhixin Lu, Tommaso Menara, Fabio Pasqualetti, Michael R. Sperling, Joseph I. Tracy, Dani S. Bassett

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Network control theory is increasingly used to profile the brain's energy landscape via simulations of neural dynamics. This approach estimates the control energy required to simulate the activation of brain circuits based on structural connectome measured using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging, thereby quantifying those circuits' energetic efficiency. The biological basis of control energy, however, remains unknown, hampering its further application. To fill this gap, investigating temporal lobe epilepsy as a lesion model, we show that patients require higher control energy to activate the limbic network than healthy volunteers, especially ipsilateral to the seizure focus. The energetic imbalance between ipsilateral and …


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