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Medical Toxicology Commons

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400 full-text articles. Page 15 of 15.

A Bland–Altman Comparison Of The Lead Care® System And Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry For Detecting Low-Level Lead In Child Whole Blood Samples, Christina Sobin, Tanner Schaub, Natali Parisi, Eva de la Riva 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

A Bland–Altman Comparison Of The Lead Care® System And Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry For Detecting Low-Level Lead In Child Whole Blood Samples, Christina Sobin, Tanner Schaub, Natali Parisi, Eva De La Riva

Christina Sobin, Ph.D.

Chronic childhood lead exposure, yielding blood lead levels consistently below 10 μg/dL, remains a major public health concern. Low neurotoxic effect thresholds have not yet been established. Progress requires accurate, efficient, and cost-effective methods for testing large numbers of children. The LeadCare® System (LCS) may provide one ready option. The comparability of this system to the “gold standard” method of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) for the purpose of detecting blood lead levels below 10 μg/dL has not yet been examined. Paired blood samples from 177 children ages 5.2–12.8 years were tested with LCS ...


Structural Instability Of Human Ribosomal Rna Gene Clusters, Dawn Michelle Stults 2010 University of Kentucky

Structural Instability Of Human Ribosomal Rna Gene Clusters, Dawn Michelle Stults

University of Kentucky Doctoral Dissertations

The human ribosomal RNA genes are critically important for cell metabolism and viability. They code for the catalytic RNAs which, encased in a housing of more than 80 ribosomal proteins, link together amino acids by peptide bonds to generate all cellular proteins. Because the RNAs are not repeatedly translated, as is the case with messenger RNAs, multiple copies are required. The genes which code for the human ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs) are arranged as clusters of tandemly repeated sequences. Three of four catalytic RNAs are spliced from a single transcript. The genes are located on the short arms of the five ...


Letter To The Editor: Reproductive Toxicology, Robert L. Brent 2010 duPont Hosp for Children

Letter To The Editor: Reproductive Toxicology, Robert L. Brent

The Selected Works of Robert Brent

No abstract provided.


What Are The Reproductive And Developmental Risks Of Ionizing Radiation?, Robert L. Brent Dr. 2010 duPont Hosp for Children

What Are The Reproductive And Developmental Risks Of Ionizing Radiation?, Robert L. Brent Dr.

The Selected Works of Robert Brent

None


Ionizing Radiation, Robert L. Brent Dr. 2010 duPont Hosp for Children

Ionizing Radiation, Robert L. Brent Dr.

The Selected Works of Robert Brent

None


In Remembrance Of Denis Alan Trevor New, Robert L. Brent Dr. 2010 duPont Hosp for Children

In Remembrance Of Denis Alan Trevor New, Robert L. Brent Dr.

The Selected Works of Robert Brent

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Biochemical Characterization Of Human Mismatch Recognition Proteins Mutsα And Mutsβ, Lei Tian 2010 University of Kentucky

Biochemical Characterization Of Human Mismatch Recognition Proteins Mutsα And Mutsβ, Lei Tian

University of Kentucky Doctoral Dissertations

The integrity of an organism's genome depends on the fidelity of DNA replication and the efficiency of DNA repair. The DNA mismatch repair (MMR) system, which is highly conserved from prokaryotes to eukaryotes, plays an important role in maintaining genome stability by correcting base-base mismatches and insertion/deletion (ID) mispairs generated during DNA replication and other DNA transactions. Mismatch recognition is a critical step in MMR. Two mismatch recognition proteins, MutSα (MSH2-MSH6 heterodimer) and MutSβ (MSH2-MSH3 heterodimer), have been identified in eukaryotic cells. MutSα and MutSβ have partially overlapping functions, with MutSα recognizing primarily base-base mismatches and 1-2 nt ...


The Radiosensitization Effect Of Parthenolide In Prostate Cancer: Implications For Selective Cancer Killing By Modulation Of Intracellular Redox State, Yulan Sun 2010 University of Kentucky

The Radiosensitization Effect Of Parthenolide In Prostate Cancer: Implications For Selective Cancer Killing By Modulation Of Intracellular Redox State, Yulan Sun

University of Kentucky Doctoral Dissertations

Parthenolide (PN), a major active component of the traditional herbal medicine feverfew, has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor properties. More remarkably, the cytotoxicity of PN seems selective to tumor cells but not their normal cell counterparts. In the present study, we investigate whether and how PN selectively enhances tumor sensitivity to radiation therapy by using prostate cancer cells LNCaP, DU145 and PC3, as well as normal prostate epithelial cells PrEC.

Our study demonstrates that inhibition of NF-κB pathway and suppression of its downstream target MnSOD are common mechanisms for the radiosensitization effect of PN in prostate cancer cells ...


Function Of Androgen Receptor In Prostate Cancer Epithelial Mesenchymal Transition And Microtubule Targeting, Menglei Zhu 2010 University of Kentucky

Function Of Androgen Receptor In Prostate Cancer Epithelial Mesenchymal Transition And Microtubule Targeting, Menglei Zhu

University of Kentucky Doctoral Dissertations

Prostate cancer is the most frequently diagnosed non-skin cancer and the third leading cause of cancer mortality among men in the US. Androgens are functionally required for the normal growth of the prostate gland and play a critical role in prostate tumor development and progression. Epithelial-mesenchymal-transition (EMT) is an important process during normal development, and cancer cell metastasis.

This study examined the ability of androgens to influence EMT of prostate cancer epithelial cells and evaluate the effect of taxol chemotherapy on androgen signaling in prostate cancer cells in prostate cancer. The EMT pattern was evaluated on the basis of expression ...


Fk228 And Oncogenic H-Ras Synergistically Induce Mek1/2 And Nox-1 To Generate Reactive Oxygen Species For Differential Cell Death, SHAMBHUNATH CHOUDHARY, Kusum Rathore, Hwa-Chain Robert Wang 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Fk228 And Oncogenic H-Ras Synergistically Induce Mek1/2 And Nox-1 To Generate Reactive Oxygen Species For Differential Cell Death, Shambhunath Choudhary, Kusum Rathore, Hwa-Chain Robert Wang

Shambhunath Choudhary DVM, PhD

To investigate the mechanism behind the pro-apoptotic ability of oncogenic H-Ras to enhance FK228-induced apoptosis, we primarily used the 10T1/2-TR-H-Ras cell line, in which ectopic expression of oncogenic H-Ras(V12) is controlled by the addition of tetracycline into cultures, and secondarily used oncogenic H-Ras-expressing MCF10A cells in our studies. Our results showed the pro-apoptotic roles of Mek1/2 activation, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-oxidase 1 (Nox-1) elevation, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in FK228-induced selective cell death of oncogenic H-Ras-expressing cells versus counterpart cells. We found that although Nox-1 elevation and ROS production played essential roles in oncogenic H-Ras-induced ...


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