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Digestive, Oral, and Skin Physiology Commons

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Novel Ceramic Bone Replacement Material Ceraball® Seeded With Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells, Timothy Douglas, Qin Liu, Andreas Humpe, Jörg Wiltfang, Sureshan Sivananthan, Patrick Warnke 2013 University of Kiel

Novel Ceramic Bone Replacement Material Ceraball® Seeded With Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells, Timothy Douglas, Qin Liu, Andreas Humpe, Jörg Wiltfang, Sureshan Sivananthan, Patrick Warnke

Qin Liu

Objectives: Hydroxyapatite (HA) and tricalcium phosphate (TCP) are two very common ceramic materials for bone replacement. A recently developed material for bone replacement is CeraBall®, which is a mixed HA-TCP scaffold available as porous spherical scaffolds of diameter 4 and 6 mm. Before their use as bone replacement materials in vivo, in vitro testing of these scaffolds is necessary. The goal of this study was to characterise 4 and 6 mm CeraBall® scaffolds in vitro with a view to their future use as bone replacement materials. Materials and methods: The proliferation of human mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSCs) seeded on CeraBall ...


Increasing The Number Of Masticatory Cycles Is Associated With Reduced Appetite And Altered Postprandial Plasma Concentrations Of Gut Hormones, Insulin And Glucose, Yong Zhu, Walter H. Hsu, James Hollis 2013 Iowa State University

Increasing The Number Of Masticatory Cycles Is Associated With Reduced Appetite And Altered Postprandial Plasma Concentrations Of Gut Hormones, Insulin And Glucose, Yong Zhu, Walter H. Hsu, James Hollis

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

To determine the influence of masticatory efficiency on postprandial satiety and glycaemic response, twenty-one healthy males were recruited for this randomised cross-over trial. The participants consumed a fixed amount of pizza provided in equal-sized portions by chewing each portion either fifteen or forty times before swallowing. Subjective appetite was measured by appetite questionnaires at regular intervals for 3 h after the meal and plasma samples were collected for the measurement of selected satiety-related hormones, glucose, insulin and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) concentrations. An ad libitum meal was provided shortly after the last blood sample was drawn and the amount eaten ...


Effect Of Coconut Oil On Ulcerative Colitis In The Mouse Model, Pranav Chandra Alok 2013 Western Kentucky University

Effect Of Coconut Oil On Ulcerative Colitis In The Mouse Model, Pranav Chandra Alok

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic disease of the colon or large intestine that causes inflammation and ulceration of the inner lining of the colon and rectum. In patients with ulcerative colitis, the body’s immune system overreacts and the body mistakes food, bacteria or other internal materials in the colon for an invading substance. The immune system attacks the material, thus irritating the colon. Limited knowledge of inflammatory conditions coupled with a narrow range of therapeutic options necessitates investigating the role of natural products. This study describes the effect of natural coconut oil on chemically-induced acute and chronic disease ...


Celiac Disease And Neurological Symptoms, Lauren V. Cook 2013 Liberty University

Celiac Disease And Neurological Symptoms, Lauren V. Cook

Senior Honors Theses

New research has revealed that Celiac disease, an autoimmune illness affecting the small intestine, has more ties with neurological side effects than once was thought. The classic and most well known presentation of Celiac disease is gastrointestinal, including symptoms such as abdominal pains, nausea, diarrhea, and flatulence. Researchers have more recently found a correlation between Celiac disease and neurological illnesses such as epilepsy, depression, dementia, and ADHD. Physician awareness of the disease and the neurological side of the illness should be heightened in order for patients to receive earlier diagnosis and a better quality of life. Because of the difficulty ...


Nuclear Receptor Expression And Characterization Of The Major Retinoic Acid Target Gene In Melanoma, Linda L. Eastham 2012 Marshall University

Nuclear Receptor Expression And Characterization Of The Major Retinoic Acid Target Gene In Melanoma, Linda L. Eastham

Linda L. Eastham

Malignant melanoma is the primary cause of death from all diseases arising from the skin and it is one of the most resistant tumors to standard treatment options. The increasing incidence of melanoma and its poor prognosis makes the understanding of melanoma cell biology very important. Melanoma progression is a complex, multi-step process, and the molecular events leading to melanoma tumor cell proliferation and invasion still need further examination. This study is focused on measuring the expression and activity of two specific genes and their protein counterparts that are altered during melanoma progression. It also examines the mechanism through which ...


Dietary Fibre On Cell Proliferation In Large Bowel Mucosal Crypts Near Or Away From Lymphoid Nodules And On Mineral Bioavailability, Ivan Cameron, W. Hardman, D. Heitman, J. Carter 2012 Marshall University

Dietary Fibre On Cell Proliferation In Large Bowel Mucosal Crypts Near Or Away From Lymphoid Nodules And On Mineral Bioavailability, Ivan Cameron, W. Hardman, D. Heitman, J. Carter

Elaine Hardman Ph.D.

The effect of consumption for 24 weeks of different amounts (0%, 5% or 10% w/w) of fermentable (pectin and guar gum) or nonfermentable (cellulose and lignin) dietary fibres on cell proliferation and other parameters in large bowel mucosal crypts was studied in rats. In all 12 dietary groups, the crypts located over the distal aggregate of lymphoid nodules (ALN) had more colchicine arrested metaphase figures per midaxial crypt section (MC) and a longer crypt column height than crypts located three to four cm away from this ALN. These differences are attributed to the tropic in¯uence of nodular cells ...


Numerical Distribution Of Lymphoid Nodules In The Human Sigmoid Colon, Rectosigmoidal Junction, Rectum, And Anal Canal, Ivan L. Cameron, James E. Kent, Ron Philo, Christopher J. Barnes, W. Elaine Hardman 2012 Marshall University

Numerical Distribution Of Lymphoid Nodules In The Human Sigmoid Colon, Rectosigmoidal Junction, Rectum, And Anal Canal, Ivan L. Cameron, James E. Kent, Ron Philo, Christopher J. Barnes, W. Elaine Hardman

Elaine Hardman Ph.D.

There is little information on the numerical distribution of lymphoid nodules (LN) in distal segments of the human large bowel. A novel approach was therefore developed to assess the number of LN in the sigmoid colon, the rectosigmoid segment, the rectum, and the anal canal in humans. The distal large bowel from five cadavers was selected for quantitative study. The number of LN was scored macroscopically from the proximal sigmoid colon to the distal anal canal. A numerical distribution, previously unreported, consisting of two circular bands of LN was observed in each of the five cadavers. One band was located ...


Racemization Of Amino Acids In Teeth For The Determination Of Age, Andrea Lee Toll 2012 Western Kentucky University

Racemization Of Amino Acids In Teeth For The Determination Of Age, Andrea Lee Toll

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Instrumental to forensic investigations is the ability to identify unknown human remains providing key evidence to criminal cases, resolution to missing persons, and assistance in mass or natural disasters. Identification of remains in an effort to determine age is an area of forensics that has received considerable attention. Traditional methods in age determination such as morphology are often biased, antiquated, and frequently result in a large margin of error. Conversely, the emergence of new forensic techniques provide promise to reduce the margin of error in determining age. One such technique has focused on relating the extent of amino acid racemization ...


Nuclear Receptor Expression And Characterization Of The Major Retinoic Acid Target Gene In Melanoma, Linda L. Eastham 2012 Marshall University

Nuclear Receptor Expression And Characterization Of The Major Retinoic Acid Target Gene In Melanoma, Linda L. Eastham

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

Malignant melanoma is the primary cause of death from all diseases arising from the skin and it is one of the most resistant tumors to standard treatment options. The increasing incidence of melanoma and its poor prognosis makes the understanding of melanoma cell biology very important. Melanoma progression is a complex, multi-step process, and the molecular events leading to melanoma tumor cell proliferation and invasion still need further examination. This study is focused on measuring the expression and activity of two specific genes and their protein counterparts that are altered during melanoma progression. It also examines the mechanism through which ...


Role Of Prostaglandin E2 In The Regulation Of Pancreatic Stellate Cells Hyper Activity Associated With Pancreatic Cancer, Chantale Charo 2011 The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston

Role Of Prostaglandin E2 In The Regulation Of Pancreatic Stellate Cells Hyper Activity Associated With Pancreatic Cancer, Chantale Charo

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal type of cancer due to its high metastasis rate and resistance to chemotherapy. Pancreatic fibrosis is a constant pathological feature of chronic pancreatitis and the hyperactive stroma associated with pancreatic cancer. Strong evidence supports an important role of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and COX-2 generated prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) during pancreatic fibrosis. Pancreatic stellate cells (PSC) are the predominant source of extracellular matrix production (ECM), thus being the key players in both diseases. Given this background, the primary objective is to delineate the role of PGE2 on human pancreatic stellate cells (PSC) hyper activation associated ...


Muscle Plasticity And Intramuscular Signaling In The Insulin-Resistant Obese Zucker Rat, Anjaiah Katta 2011 Marshall University

Muscle Plasticity And Intramuscular Signaling In The Insulin-Resistant Obese Zucker Rat, Anjaiah Katta

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

The ability to increase skeletal muscle mass may have important implications for the treatment of insulin resistance (IR) and diabetes [1-3]. Recent data suggest that IR muscle may adapt differently than normal muscle; however, molecular mechanism(s) responsible for this finding are not well understood [4]. Herein, we investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the skeletal muscle remodeling in the IR Obese Zucker (OZ) rat.

The OZ rat is characterized by skeletal muscle insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, and hyperlipidemia. Compared to LZ rats, our data demonstrate that soleus muscle hypertrophy was significantly attenuated in the OZ rats after 3-weeks of muscle overload ...


Probiotic Therapy - Recruiting Old Friends To Fight New Foes, Roy D. Sleator 2010 Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre; University College Cork; Cork, Ireland; Department of Biological Sciences; Cork Institute of Technology; Cork, Ireland.

Probiotic Therapy - Recruiting Old Friends To Fight New Foes, Roy D. Sleator

Department of Biological Sciences Publications

Against a backdrop of increasing antibiotic resistance, and the emergence of new and evolving pathogens, clinicians are increasingly forced to consider alternative therapies - probiotics are one such alternative.


Investigating The Role Of P311 In The Hypertrophic Scar, Jianglin Tan, Xu Peng, Gaoxing Luo, Bing Ma, Chuan Cao, Weifeng He, Shunzong Yuan, Shirong Li, John A. Wilkins, Jun Wu 2010 Marshall University

Investigating The Role Of P311 In The Hypertrophic Scar, Jianglin Tan, Xu Peng, Gaoxing Luo, Bing Ma, Chuan Cao, Weifeng He, Shunzong Yuan, Shirong Li, John A. Wilkins, Jun Wu

MIIR Faculty Research

The mechanisms of hypertrophic scar formation are not fully understood. We previously screened the differentially expressed genes of human hypertrophic scar tissue and identified P311 gene as upregulated. As the activities of P311 in human fibroblast function are unknown, we examined the distribution of it and the effects of forced expression or silencing of expression of P311. P311 expression was detected in fibroblast-like cells from the hypertrophic scar of burn injury patients but not in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, epidermal cells or normal skin dermal cells. Transfection of fibroblasts with P311 gene stimulated the expression ...


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