The Pharmabiotic For Phenylketonuria: Development Of A Novel Therapeutic, 2019 University of South Carolina
The Pharmabiotic For Phenylketonuria: Development Of A Novel Therapeutic, Chloé Elizabeth Lebegue
Phenylketonuria, now known as phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) deficiency, is a genetic disorder of metabolism affecting approximately one in every 15,000 infants born in the United States. Patients have nonfunctional PAH enzyme secondary to one or more genetic mutations. The enzyme deficit results in destructive supraphysiologic blood phenylalanine levels upon consumption of the essential dietary amino acid phenylalanine. Current standards of care mitigate signs and symptoms of the disorder, but do not approach a cure. The methods for creating a prototype pharmabiotic as an innovative treatment strategy for PAH deficiency are described herein.
DNA molecular cloning techniques were utilized to ...
Naktide Targeted To Adipocytes Ameliorates Western Diet Induced Obesity, 2019 Marshall University
Naktide Targeted To Adipocytes Ameliorates Western Diet Induced Obesity, Rebecca D. Pratt
Theses, Dissertations and Capstones
Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic and is a major risk factor for metabolic syndrome. It is believed that cellular oxidant stress plays a key role in both the development and maintenance of obesity as well as its associated comorbidities such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). We have previously reported that systemic administration of pNaKtide, which targets the Na/K-ATPase oxidant amplification loop was able to decrease oxidative stress and adiposity in mice fed a high fat and fructose supplemented western diet (WD). As adipocytes are believed to play an active role in the development of obesity ...
Development Of Qpcr Based Method To Quantify Colonization Of An Engineered Bacterium In Gut, 2019 Iowa State University
Development Of Qpcr Based Method To Quantify Colonization Of An Engineered Bacterium In Gut, Alexandra (Alex) Mcmullen
Parkinson’s Disease is the leading neurodegenerative disease in the western world, caused by degeneration of neurons in the substantia nigra. This causes a decrease of dopamine in nigrostriatal neural circuitry, leading to motor and nonmotor symptoms which can be incredibly debilitating for the patient. Current dopamine supplementation therapy does not provide a steady state neurotransmitter level and can lead to dyskinesias and dystonia’s. However, Escherichia coli Nissle (EcN) bacteria have been shown to prove effective therapeutic treatments that can be engineered to specifically treat certain diseases, such as Phenylketonuria. EcN can be engineered to upregulate production of L-DOPA ...
Session 3 Discussion: The Microstructure Of Eating, 2018 Purdue University
Session 3 Discussion: The Microstructure Of Eating, Cordelia Running, Bryony James, James Hollis, Kelly Higgins
Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications
The Microstructure of Eating.
Dietary Habits And Lifestyle In School-Aged Children From Bucharest, Romania, 2018 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolic Disease
Dietary Habits And Lifestyle In School-Aged Children From Bucharest, Romania, Anca Pantea Stoian, Liliana F. Andronache, Razvan Hainarosie, Dan N. Paduraru, Cristinel D. Badiu, Andreea Arsene, Claudia Mehedintu, Georgiana Ditu, Silviu M. Pituru, Cristina Orlov, Mihaela Oros, Cornelia Nitipir
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Background. This study evaluated the difference between boys and girls in terms of nutritional status, lifestyle, and dietary habits during school life.
Materials and Methods. A descriptive and observational study was conducted in 2016, in which 251 children, aged 7-17, from 3 elementary schools and a high school inBucharest,Romania, were evaluated. A questionnaire was used to assess food behavior, eating, and lifestyle habits.
Results. Boys had a significantly higher waist circumference (71.18±9) than girls (67.46±9.91) (p=0.004). Thus 27% of boys were overweight or obese compared with only 22% of the girls. Differences ...
Development Of A Self-Care Questionnaire For Clinical Assessment Of Self-Care In Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Psychometric Evaluation, Loven Wickman, Henrik Hjortswang, Marika Wenemark, Henrik Stjernman, Gunilla H. Frisman, Barbara Riegel, Pia Yngman-Uhlin
School of Nursing Departmental Papers
Background: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease have lifelong needs to learn how to manage their symptoms and life situation. The range of actions that patients take in order to manage daily life and maintain health is referred to as self-care. Assessment of self-care inpatients with inflammatory bowel disease could allow targeted support and education by health care professionals.There are no existing measures assessing self-care in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.
Objectives: The aim was to develop and evaluate the self-care questionnaire for assessment of self-care among patients with inflammatory bowel disease.
Methods: Qualitative and quantitative methods were used to ...
Understanding The Role Of Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase And Its Function As A Driving Force Behind The Er Stress Response In Fibrostenotic Crohn’S Disease-Affected Ileal Smooth Muscle Cells, 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University
Understanding The Role Of Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase And Its Function As A Driving Force Behind The Er Stress Response In Fibrostenotic Crohn’S Disease-Affected Ileal Smooth Muscle Cells, Prashant Yadav
Theses and Dissertations
Crohn’s disease (CD) affects about 780,000 people in the United States alone, and it is estimated that 6-15 per 100,000 persons will receive a diagnosis of this disease each year. There currently is no cure for Crohn’s disease, and available medical therapies simply serve to alleviate the inflammation. This does not help treat fibrostenosis that Crohn’s disease patients may develop, which can only be treated surgically. Finding alternatives to treat CD requires an understanding of mechanisms at the biochemical level. In this thesis, we attempted to gain a better understanding of certain pathways found to ...
A Gut Feeling: A Hypothesis Of The Role Of The Microbiome In Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorders., 2018 Rutgers University - Newark
A Gut Feeling: A Hypothesis Of The Role Of The Microbiome In Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorders., Xue Ming, Neil Chen, Carly Ray, Gretchen Brewer, Jeffrey Kornitzer, Robert A Steer
School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurologic disorder characterized by hyperactivity/impulsivity and/or inattentiveness, with genetic and environmental factors contributing to the disorder. With the growing recognition of the microbiome's role in many neurological disorders, the authors propose that it may also be implicated in ADHD. Here, we describe several evolving areas of research to support this hypothesis. First, a unique composition of gut bacteria has been identified and linked to behaviors in ADHD. Second, our research found an increased incidence of 2 gastrointestinal symptoms (constipation and flatulence) in children with ADHD, as compared to controls. Finally, emerging ...
Problems In Embalming: Cyanide Poisoning, 2017 Southern Illinois University Carbondale
Problems In Embalming: Cyanide Poisoning, Rebecca Majus
ASA Multidisciplinary Research Symposium
To inform funeral professionals, or anyone interested, what cyanide poisoning is, how death from it occurs, how to detect it in postmortem remains, how it poses a problem for embalmers, and what embalming techniques can be used to treat it.
Numerical Simulation Of Heat Stress In Chemical Protective Clothing, 2017 Donghua University
Numerical Simulation Of Heat Stress In Chemical Protective Clothing, Jie Yang, Guowen Song, Liwen Wang, Yun Su, Chunhui Xiang
Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications
The aim of the paper is to predict heat stress of human wearing chemical protective clothing (CPC). A proposed human thermal model was applied to simulate the core and skin temperatures with inputs of human activity level, clothing properties, and environmental conditions. Manikin tests were conducted to measure the thermal insulation and evaporative resistance of clothing which were two important inputs of the thermal model. The core temperature was predicted as an indicator of heat stress to evaluate the maximum exposure time. The effects of ambient temperature, relative humidity, and metabolic rate on core temperature, skin temperature, and maximum exposure ...
Herpes Simplex Proctitis Mimicking Inflammatory Bowel Disease In A Teenaged Male, 2017 University of Iowa
Herpes Simplex Proctitis Mimicking Inflammatory Bowel Disease In A Teenaged Male, Kristen E Sandgren, Nathan B Price, Warren P Bishop, Patrick J Mccarthy
Stead Family Department of Pediatrics Publications
We report the case of a 17-year-old male who was initially assessed for pain with defecation, bloody rectal discharge, and diarrhea, consistent with proctitis. Though proctitis is most commonly due to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), infectious etiologies must also be considered, including sexually transmitted causes of infectious proctitis. In discussion of his sexual history, he identified as homosexual and acknowledged engaging in receptive anal intercourse. Rectal biopsies obtained via colonoscopy were culture-positive for herpes simplex virus (HSV), leading to a diagnosis of HSV proctitis and treatment with an appropriate antiviral medication. HSV proctitis is more common in individuals with high-risk ...
The Host Microbiome Regulates And Maintains Human Health: A Primer And Perspective For Non-Microbiologists, 2017 Lankenau Institute for Medical Research, Wynnewood, Pennsylvania
The Host Microbiome Regulates And Maintains Human Health: A Primer And Perspective For Non-Microbiologists, Sunil Thomas, Jacques Izard, Emily Walsh, Kristen Batich, Pakawat Chongsathidkiet, Gerard Clarke, David A. Sela, Alexander J. Muller, James M. Mullin, Korin Albert, John P. Gilligan, Katherine Diguilio, Rima Dilbarova, Walker Alexander, George P. Prendergast
Faculty Publications in Food Science and Technology
Humans consider themselves discrete autonomous organisms, but recent research is rapidly strengthening the appreciation that associated microorganisms make essential contributions to human health and well being. Each person is inhabited and also surrounded by his/her own signature microbial cloud. A low diversity of microorganisms is associated with a plethora of diseases, including allergy, diabetes, obesity, arthritis, inflammatory bowel diseases, and even neuropsychiatric disorders. Thus, an interaction of microorganisms with the host immune system is required for a healthy body. Exposure to microorganisms from the moment we are born and appropriate microbiome assembly during childhood are essential for establishing an ...
Addressing The Decline In The Uptake Of The Iowa Maternal And Prenatal Screening Program, 2017 University of Iowa
Addressing The Decline In The Uptake Of The Iowa Maternal And Prenatal Screening Program, Sandra Daack-Hirsch, Jane Pendergast, Elizabeth Momany, Timothy Ginader, Andrew Emile Ghattas, Stephanie Stewart, Stanley Grant
Noncommunicable chronic diseases (NCDs) account for almost 90% of total deaths in the United States. The four most common NCDs—cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancers, and chronic respiratory diseases—share common risk factors, including tobacco and alcohol use and dietary behaviors associated with obesity and elevated blood sugar. The most common oral diseases— dental caries, periodontal disease, and oral cancer—share these common risk factors. A coordinated approach to primary prevention, the “common risk factor approach,” argues that coordinated primary prevention of oral and systemic diseases will reduce programmatic costs and increase efficiency and effectiveness. However, use of this coordinated approach ...
Evaluation Of Oral Nutritional Supplement Use In Elderly Patients Admitted With Heart Failure, 2017 University of Kentucky
Evaluation Of Oral Nutritional Supplement Use In Elderly Patients Admitted With Heart Failure, Geri L. Sipe
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of enhanced ordering privileges among registered dieticians (RD) on oral nutritional supplement (ONS) ordering frequency and prevalence of oral nutritional supplement use among elderly patients admitted with heart failure (HF).
METHODS: This study was a single facility, retrospective pre-post implementation evaluation of the impact of expanded ONS ordering privileges among elderly patients (age ≥ 65 years old) hospitalized with heart failure at Frankfort Regional Medical Center (FRMC). The sample consisted of 105 patients for the pre-evaluation period and 259 for the post-evaluation period.
RESULTS: There were no differences among groups ...
Commonly Used H1 And H2 Histamine Receptor (Hr) Blockers Decrease Cholangiocarcinoma Xenograft Tumor Growth, Angiogenesis And Emt, 2017 Texas A & M University System Health Science Center
Commonly Used H1 And H2 Histamine Receptor (Hr) Blockers Decrease Cholangiocarcinoma Xenograft Tumor Growth, Angiogenesis And Emt, Lindsey Kennedy, Laura Hargrove, Jennifer Demieville, Walker Karstens, Steven Smith, Heather Francis
Hepatobiliary Cancers: Pathobiology and Translational Advances
No abstract provided.
Cca Development In The Background Of Congenital Hepatic Fibrosis/Caroli Disease, 2017 Yale University
Cca Development In The Background Of Congenital Hepatic Fibrosis/Caroli Disease, Eleanna Kaffe Mrs, Carlo Spirli, Luca Fabris, Massimiliano Cadamuro, Mario Strazzabosco
Hepatobiliary Cancers: Pathobiology and Translational Advances
No abstract provided.
Signaling Components Involved In The Hormone Induced Translocation Of Enac In Cultured Adult Human Fungiform (Hbo) Taste Cells, 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University
Signaling Components Involved In The Hormone Induced Translocation Of Enac In Cultured Adult Human Fungiform (Hbo) Taste Cells, Deanna Hojati
Theses and Dissertations
The amiloride-sensitive epithelial Na+ channel, ENaC, is the Na+-specific salt taste receptor in rodents. Compared to rodents, human salt taste perception is amiloride-insensitive. In rodents the ENaC is composed of aβg-subunits. Whereas humans express an additional subunit, the d-ENaC subunit. ENaC in human taste cells is composed of aβg-subunits or dβg-subunits, with the latter being amiloride-insensitive. Currently, it is not known if dβg-ENaC expression and trafficking is regulated by hormones and their downstream intracellular signaling effectors. The aim of this study is to investigate if arginine vasopressin (AVP), aldosterone, and cAMP regulate d-ENaC expression and trafficking in cultured fungiform ...
Short And Long Chain Free Fatty Acids Differentially Regulate Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 And Peptide Yy Transcript Levels In Enteroendocrine Cells (Stc-1), 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University
Short And Long Chain Free Fatty Acids Differentially Regulate Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 And Peptide Yy Transcript Levels In Enteroendocrine Cells (Stc-1), Colin M. Catherman
Theses and Dissertations
The regulation of glucagon-like peptide-1 and peptide YY hormone levels are regulated based on different influential factors, but primarily levels are dependent upon ingested food content. As meals today become more fat-enriched, there is greater requirement for evaluation of these hormones that regulate insulin and satiety levels within the body. We have shown that the gene expression transcript production of glucagon-like peptide-1 and peptide YY are modulated by different concentrations, and times of short-chain fatty acids and long-chain fatty acids. Although the peptide hormone levels have the influential physiological role on effector tissue, the regulation of these hormones begins at ...
The Skin Microbiome: Impact Of Modern Environments On Skin Ecology, Barrier Integrity, And Systemic Immune Programming, Susan Prescott, Danica-Lea Larcombe, Alan Logan, Christina West, Wesley Burks, Luis Caraballo, Michael Levin, Eddie Van Etten, Pierre Horwitz, Anita Kozyrskyj, Dianne Campbell
ECU Publications Post 2013
Skin barrier structure and function is essential to human health. Hitherto unrecognized functions of epidermal keratinocytes show that the skin plays an important role in adapting whole-body physiology to changing environments, including the capacity to produce a wide variety of hormones, neurotransmitters and cytokine that can potentially influence whole-body states, and quite possibly, even emotions. Skin microbiota play an integral role in the maturation and homeostatic regulation of keratinocytes and host immune networks with systemic implications. As our primary interface with the external environment, the biodiversity of skin habitats is heavily influenced by the biodiversity of the ecosystems in which ...
Oral Carbohydrate Administration Prior To Colorectal Surgery: Practice Change Outcomes And Economic Analysis, 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi
Oral Carbohydrate Administration Prior To Colorectal Surgery: Practice Change Outcomes And Economic Analysis, Joshua Kendrick Ezelle
Difference in recovery times has been an interest of mine for many years. I observed that an open heart surgery routinely recovered and discharged on the third post-op day, while a colorectal patient often required a hospital stay of five to ten days. I began researching recovery methods of colorectal patients. I found enhanced recovery techniques like decreased narcotic, use of NSAID’s, early ambulation, and the use of medications that assist with bowel peristalsis are being employed nationally. Other techniques are now starting to be used with positive results. One of these is Carb-loading. Carb-loading is the oral intake ...