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Use Of Aerosol Drug Therapy In Pulmonary Rehabilitation, Arzu Ari 2015 Georgia State University

Use Of Aerosol Drug Therapy In Pulmonary Rehabilitation, Arzu Ari

Respiratory Therapy Faculty Publications

Clinical applications of pulmonary rehabilitation are patientfocused and consist of individualized therapies such as aerosol drug therapy, airway clearance, chest physical therapy, exercise, and patient education. Devices that are used in aerosol drug delivery are divided into the following 3 categories: (1) small volume nebulizers, (2) metered-dose inhalers, and (3) dry powder inhalers. Although these devices are commonly used for the treatment of patients with pulmonary diseases, there are a limited number of objective studies on the physiologic and clinical effects of aerosol drug therapy on pulmonary rehabilitation. The purpose of this review paper is to explain all the devices …


Performance Comparisons Of Jet And Mesh Nebulizers Using Different Interfaces In Simulated Spontaneously Breathing Adults And Children, Arzu Ari, Armèle Dornelas de Andrade, Meryl M. Sheard, Bshayer R. Alhamad, James B. Fink 2015 Georgia State University

Performance Comparisons Of Jet And Mesh Nebulizers Using Different Interfaces In Simulated Spontaneously Breathing Adults And Children, Arzu Ari, Armèle Dornelas De Andrade, Meryl M. Sheard, Bshayer R. Alhamad, James B. Fink

Respiratory Therapy Faculty Publications

Background: Different types of nebulizers and interfaces are used for the treatment of adults and children with pulmonary diseases. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficiency of a mesh nebulizer (MN) with a proprietary adapter and a jet nebulizer (JN) under different configurations in adult and pediatric models of spontaneous breathing. We hypothesize that delivery efficiency of JN and MN will differ depending on the interface used during aerosol therapy in simulated spontaneously breathing adult and pediatric models. While we expect that aerosol delivery with JN will be less efficient than MN, we also hypothesize that lung …


Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors Prevent Pulmonary Endothelial Hyperpermeability And Acute Lung Injury By Regulating Heat Shock Protein 90 Function, Atul D. Joshi, Nektarios Barabutis, Charalampos Birmpas, Christiana Dimitropoulou, Gagan Thangjam, Mary Cherian-Shaw, John Dennison, John D. Catravas 2015 Old Dominion University

Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors Prevent Pulmonary Endothelial Hyperpermeability And Acute Lung Injury By Regulating Heat Shock Protein 90 Function, Atul D. Joshi, Nektarios Barabutis, Charalampos Birmpas, Christiana Dimitropoulou, Gagan Thangjam, Mary Cherian-Shaw, John Dennison, John D. Catravas

Bioelectrics Publications

Transendothelial hyperpermeability caused by numerous agonists is dependent on heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) and leads to endothelial barrier dysfunction (EBD). Inhibition of Hsp90 protects and restores transendothelial permeability. Hyperacetylation of Hsp90, as by inhibitors of histone deacetylase (HDAC), suppresses its chaperone function and mimics the effects of Hsp90 inhibitors. In this study we assessed the role of HDAC in mediating lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced transendothelial hyperpermeability and acute lung injury (ALI). We demonstrate that HDAC inhibition protects against LPS-mediated EBD. Inhibition of multiple HDAC by the general inhibitors panobinostat or trichostatin provided protection against LPS-induced transendothelial hyperpermeability, acetylated and suppressed Hsp90 …


The Omega-3 Fatty Acid Docosahexaenoic Acid Attenuates Organic Dust-Induced Airway Inflammation., Tara M. Nordgren, Taylor D. Friemel, Art J. Heires, Jill A. Poole, Todd A. Wyatt, Debra J. Romberger 2014 University of Nebraska Medical Center

The Omega-3 Fatty Acid Docosahexaenoic Acid Attenuates Organic Dust-Induced Airway Inflammation., Tara M. Nordgren, Taylor D. Friemel, Art J. Heires, Jill A. Poole, Todd A. Wyatt, Debra J. Romberger

Journal Articles: Pulmonary & Critical Care Med

Workers exposed to organic dusts from concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) are at risk for developing airway inflammatory diseases. Available preventative and therapeutic measures for alleviating dust-induced lung disease are inadequate. Because omega-3 fatty acids can mitigate inflammatory processes, we aimed to determine whether nutritional supplementation with the omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) could reduce the airway inflammatory consequences of exposures to organic dust. Aqueous extracts of organic dusts from swine CAFOs (ODE) were utilized. In DHA-pretreated human bronchial epithelial cells, lung fibroblasts, monocyte cell cultures, and precision-cut murine lung slices, we found that DHA pretreatment dose-dependently decreased ODE-induced …


Vascular Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome: A Rare Disorder Presenting With Focal Convulsions, Shakeel Ahmed, Syed Rehan Ali, Naila Nadeem, Muhammad Hamid 2014 Bahria University Medical and Dental College, Karachi

Vascular Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome: A Rare Disorder Presenting With Focal Convulsions, Shakeel Ahmed, Syed Rehan Ali, Naila Nadeem, Muhammad Hamid

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Vascular Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (VEDS), previously called Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type-IV, is a heterogeneous group of heritable connective tissue disorders characterized by thin, translucent skin, easy bruising, arterial, intestinal, and/or uterine fragility. There is large vessel involvement that leads to arterial rupture often preceded by aneurysm, arteriovenous fistulae, or dissection. Noninvasive imaging studies such as CT angiography and MR angiography are preferred as diagnostic studies for this condition. We are reporting a 4 years old girl who was presented with right sided unilateral convulsions and hypertension. CT angiogram showed stenosis with post-stenotic dilatation of coeliac and superior mesenteric arteries. There were extensive …


Role Of A Genetic Variant On The 15q25.1 Lung Cancer Susceptibility Locus In Smoking-Associated Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma, Xuemei Ji, Weidong Zhang, Jiang Gui, Xia Fan, Weiwei Zhang, Yafang Li, Guangyu An, Dakai Zhu, Qiang Hu 2014 Dartmouth College

Role Of A Genetic Variant On The 15q25.1 Lung Cancer Susceptibility Locus In Smoking-Associated Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma, Xuemei Ji, Weidong Zhang, Jiang Gui, Xia Fan, Weiwei Zhang, Yafang Li, Guangyu An, Dakai Zhu, Qiang Hu

Dartmouth Scholarship

Background: The 15q25.1 lung cancer susceptibility locus, containing CHRNA5, could modify lung cancer susceptibility and multiple smoking related phenotypes. However, no studies have investigated the association between CHRNA5 rs3841324, which has been proven to have the highest association with CHRNA5 mRNA expression, and the risk of other smoking-associated cancers, except lung cancer. In the current study we examined the association between rs3841324 and susceptibility to smoking-associated nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).

Methods: In this case-control study we genotyped the CHRNA5 rs3841324 polymorphism with 400 NPC cases and 491 healthy controls who were Han Chinese and frequency-matched by age (±5 years), gender, and …


Over Prescription Of Antibiotics For Adult Pharyngitis Is Prevalent In Developing Countries But Can Be Reduced Using Mcisaac Modification Of Centor Scores: A Cross-Sectional Study., Amber Hanif Palla, Rafeeq Alam Khan, Anwar H. Gilani, Fawziah Marra 2014 Aga Khan University

Over Prescription Of Antibiotics For Adult Pharyngitis Is Prevalent In Developing Countries But Can Be Reduced Using Mcisaac Modification Of Centor Scores: A Cross-Sectional Study., Amber Hanif Palla, Rafeeq Alam Khan, Anwar H. Gilani, Fawziah Marra

Anwar Gilani

Background

Although Group A beta hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS) can cause bacterial pharyngitis, the most common etiology is viral; despite this viral etiology, antibiotics are commonly prescribed for this infection in industrialized countries. We investigated the prevalence of GABHS in adult pharyngitis patients from lower socioeconomic settings in Karachi, Pakistan, how often antibiotics are prescribed for pharyngitis and if appropriate agents were used in a developing world setting. Finally, we wanted to see the usefulness of modified McIsaac scores in predicting positive cultures.

Methods

Adult patients were recruited from three local hospital outpatient dispensaries (OPDs). All patients aged 14–65 years who …


Pathscan Enabler At Md Anderson Cancer Center, George McNamara 2014 M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Pathscan Enabler At Md Anderson Cancer Center, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

McNamara 20140703 - Additional Pathscan and Tiki_Goddess related resources

http://works.bepress.com/gmcnamara/52

http://home.earthlink.net/~tiki_goddess/

http://works.bepress.com/gmcnamara/1/

http://works.bepress.com/gmcnamara/11/

https://www.linkedin.com/in/georgemcnamara

Our Pathscan Enabler IV, delivered July 2014, uses the QuickScan software to scan a histology slide in "two clicks" (after loading the

slide):

1. Push the QuickScan button on the front of the Pathscan Enabler.

2. Click the Scan button in the QuickScan pop-up application (optional: change scan area in the Prescan image window).

The image gets saved as a TIFF file to the Windows 7 (64-bit) desktop.

I have been using Pathscan Enabler's since version I in 2000. See Chantrain et al 2003:

Chantrain CF, …


Pkc-Dependent Phosphorylation Of Enos At T495 Regulates Enos Coupling And Endothelial Barrier Function In Response To G(+) -Toxins, Feng Chen, Sanjiv Kumar, Yanfang Yu, Saurabh Aggarwal, Christine Gross, Yusi Wang, Trinad Chakraborty, Alexander D. Verin, John D. Catravas, Rudolf Lucas, Stephen M. Black, David J. R. Fulton 2014 Old Dominion University

Pkc-Dependent Phosphorylation Of Enos At T495 Regulates Enos Coupling And Endothelial Barrier Function In Response To G(+) -Toxins, Feng Chen, Sanjiv Kumar, Yanfang Yu, Saurabh Aggarwal, Christine Gross, Yusi Wang, Trinad Chakraborty, Alexander D. Verin, John D. Catravas, Rudolf Lucas, Stephen M. Black, David J. R. Fulton

Bioelectrics Publications

Gram positive (G(+)) infections make up similar to 50% of all acute lung injury cases which are characterized by extensive permeability edema secondary to disruption of endothelial cell (EC) barrier integrity. A primary cause of increased permeability are cholesterol-dependent cytolysins (CDCs) of G(+)-bacteria, such as pneumolysin (PLY) and listeriolysin-O (LLO) which create plasma membrane pores, promoting Ca2+-influx and activation of PKC alpha. In human lung microvascular endothelial cells (HLMVEC), pretreatment with the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, ETU reduced the ability of LLO to increase microvascular cell permeability suggesting an endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)-dependent mechanism. LLO stimulated superoxide production …


Assessing The Relationship Between The Blood-Air Partition Coefficient And Fractional Uptake Of Inspired Halothane, Acetone, And Ethanol Vapors In The Airways Of The C57bl/6j Mouse, Joshua Baruch Baldino 2014 University of Connecticut

Assessing The Relationship Between The Blood-Air Partition Coefficient And Fractional Uptake Of Inspired Halothane, Acetone, And Ethanol Vapors In The Airways Of The C57bl/6j Mouse, Joshua Baruch Baldino

Honors Scholar Theses

The following series of studies investigates the elimination and uptake trends of halothane, acetone, and ethanol vapors in the airways of C57BL/6J mice. These vapors were chosen because they span a wide range of solubilities, as indicated by their blood-air partition coefficients, and are not associated with any significant airway metabolism or reactivity with tissue substrates in vivo. Mice were exposed to a homogeneous vapor mixture containing a 1:1:1 ratio of halothane, acetone, and ethanol at relative concentrations of approximately 10 ppm. Exposure studies were performed with mice in two states, conscious and deceased, in order to provide control …


Measured Expiratory Resistance Of The Blue And Green Acapella Devices As Setting Is Increased From 1–5; Amplitude 20, 30, 40, Amanda Wroblewski, Scott Hawkins 2014 College of Health Sciences, Boise State University

Measured Expiratory Resistance Of The Blue And Green Acapella Devices As Setting Is Increased From 1–5; Amplitude 20, 30, 40, Amanda Wroblewski, Scott Hawkins

College of Health Sciences Presentations

Background: After reviewing the literature on both high flow and low flow Acapella devices, it was determined that most researchers evaluated only three frequency dial settings. Due to this gap, we chose to determine the expiratory resistance at each frequency dial setting for both high flow and low flow Acapella devices, as patient effort (amplitude) is increased on an electronic lung simulator. Hypothesis: 1) As the frequency dial setting is increased on the Acapella, the expiratory resistance will increase, and 2) as the patient effort (amplitude) is increased, the expiratory resistance will increase.

Methods: Each Acapella device was attached, separately, …


Implementation Of Do Not Attempt Resuscitate Orders In A Japanese Nursing Home, Nobuhiro Asai, Yoshihiro Ohkuni, Lonny Ashworth, Norihiro Kaneko 2014 Kameda Medical Center

Implementation Of Do Not Attempt Resuscitate Orders In A Japanese Nursing Home, Nobuhiro Asai, Yoshihiro Ohkuni, Lonny Ashworth, Norihiro Kaneko

Respiratory Therapy Faculty Publications and Presentations

Objective: To investigate whether do not attempt resuscitation (DNAR) orders can be implemented in a standard nursing home in Japan, where routine DNAR orders are not yet common in many facilities including hospitals.

Method: Ninety-eight residents in a 100-bed nursing home were evaluated. All of the eligible residents and/or their family members were asked whether they wanted to receive resuscitation, including mechanical ventilation.

Result: The residents were 54 to 101 years of age (mean 83.3), with 27 males and 71 females. After administering the questionnaire, 92 (94%) patients did not want resuscitation and mechanical ventilation.

Conclusion: In a nursing home, …


Dimethylarginine Dimethylaminohydrolase Ii Overexpression Attenuates Lps-Mediated Lung Leak In Acute Lung Injury, Saurabh Aggarwal, Christine M. Gross, Sanjiv Kumar, Christiana Dimitropoulou, Shruti Sharma, Boris A. Gorshkov, Supriya Sridhar, Qing Lu, Natalia V. Bogatcheva, Agnieszka J. Jezierska-Drutel, Rudolf Lucas, John D. Catravas, Stephen M. Black 2014 Old Dominion University

Dimethylarginine Dimethylaminohydrolase Ii Overexpression Attenuates Lps-Mediated Lung Leak In Acute Lung Injury, Saurabh Aggarwal, Christine M. Gross, Sanjiv Kumar, Christiana Dimitropoulou, Shruti Sharma, Boris A. Gorshkov, Supriya Sridhar, Qing Lu, Natalia V. Bogatcheva, Agnieszka J. Jezierska-Drutel, Rudolf Lucas, John D. Catravas, Stephen M. Black

Bioelectrics Publications

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a severe hypoxemic respiratory insufficiency associated with lung leak, diffuse alveolar damage, inflammation, and loss of lung function. Decreased dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH) activity and increases in asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), together with exaggerated oxidative/nitrative stress, contributes to the development of ALI in mice exposed to LPS. Whether restoring DDAH function and suppressing ADMA levels can effectively ameliorate vascular hyperpermeability and lung injury in ALI is unknown, and was the focus of this study. In human lung microvascular endothelial cells, DDAH II overexpression prevented the LPS-dependent increase in ADMA, superoxide, peroxynitrite, and protein nitration. DDAH II also attenuated …


Jet, Ultrasonic, And Mesh Nebulizers: An Evaluation Of Nebulizers For Better Clinical Outcomes, Arzu Ari 2014 Georgia State University

Jet, Ultrasonic, And Mesh Nebulizers: An Evaluation Of Nebulizers For Better Clinical Outcomes, Arzu Ari

Respiratory Therapy Faculty Publications

For over a century, nebulizers have been commonly used to deliver aerosolized medications in the treatment of patients with pulmonary diseases. They are the aerosol device of choice when patients can not coordinate inhalation and actuation needed for the use of the pressurized metered-dose inhalers (pMDIs) or are not able to provide the necessary inspiratory flow required by the dry powder inhaler (DPI) for effective aerosol drug delivery. Three types of nebulizers exist: (1) jet nebulizers, (2) ultrasonic nebulizers, and (3) mesh nebulizers. The purpose of this paper is to explain the types of nebulizers available on the market and …


Posterior Mediastinal Branchial Cleft Cyst: An Unusual Site, Abdul Rashid, Vaqas Ahmad, Saqib Qazi, Abdul Gaffar Billoo, Sajida Rashid, Ali Faisal Saleem 2014 Aga Khan University

Posterior Mediastinal Branchial Cleft Cyst: An Unusual Site, Abdul Rashid, Vaqas Ahmad, Saqib Qazi, Abdul Gaffar Billoo, Sajida Rashid, Ali Faisal Saleem

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

A two and a half year old Kenyan girl presented with recurrent chest infections and difficulty in swallowing. Her clinical and laboratory workup was suggestive of lower respiratory tract infection for which she received a course of antibiotics; however, she remains symptomatic after the management of her suspected diagnosis. Therefore, further radiological workup including a chest CT scan and barium study were performed. This showed a homogeneous mass surrounded by ascending and descending aorta in the posterior mediastinum that was compressing the middle esophagus. She had a posterolateral thoracotomy which revealed a cystic mass with smooth surfaces (5x5 cm) in …


Early Recovery In Post Varicella Transverse Myelitis, Prem Chand, Shahnaz brahim, Syed Sohail Zaidi, Nida Amjad 2014 Aga Khan University

Early Recovery In Post Varicella Transverse Myelitis, Prem Chand, Shahnaz Brahim, Syed Sohail Zaidi, Nida Amjad

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

A two and a half year old Kenyan girl presented with recurrent chest infections and difficulty in swallowing. Her clinical and laboratory workup was suggestive of lower respiratory tract infection for which she received a course of antibiotics; however, she remains symptomatic after the management of her suspected diagnosis. Therefore, further radiological workup including a chest CT scan and barium study were performed. This showed a homogeneous mass surrounded by ascending and descending aorta in the posterior mediastinum that was compressing the middle esophagus. She had a posterolateral thoracotomy which revealed a cystic mass with smooth surfaces (5 x 5 …


Role Of Defensins In The Pathogenesis Of Chronic Lung Allograft Rejection, Venkataswarup Tiriveedhi, Babak Banan, Saini Deepti, Angaswamy Nataraju, Ramsey Hachem, Elbert Trulock, Patterson G. Alexander, Thalachallour Mohanakumar 2013 Tennessee State University

Role Of Defensins In The Pathogenesis Of Chronic Lung Allograft Rejection, Venkataswarup Tiriveedhi, Babak Banan, Saini Deepti, Angaswamy Nataraju, Ramsey Hachem, Elbert Trulock, Patterson G. Alexander, Thalachallour Mohanakumar

Biology Faculty Research

Chronic rejection predominantly manifested as bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS), still remains a major problem affecting long-term outcomes in human lung transplantation (LTx). Donor specific antibodies (DSA) and infiltration of neutrophils in the graft have been associated with the development of BOS. This study determines the role of defensins, produced by neutrophils, and its interaction with α-1-antitrypsin (AAT) towards induction of airway inflammation and fibrosis which are characteristic hallmarks of BOS. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and serum from LTx recipients, BOS+ (n=28), BOS− (n=26) and normal healthy controls (n=24) were analyzed. Our results show that BOS+ LTx recipients had higher α-defensins (HNP1–3) …


Proteomic Profiling Of Burkholderia Cenocepacia Clonal Isolates With Different Virulence Potential Retrieved From A Cystic Fibrosis Patient During Chronic Lung Infection., Siobhan McClean, Máire Callaghan, Jean Tyrrell, Isabelle Sa Correia 2013 Institute of Technology Tallaght

Proteomic Profiling Of Burkholderia Cenocepacia Clonal Isolates With Different Virulence Potential Retrieved From A Cystic Fibrosis Patient During Chronic Lung Infection., Siobhan Mcclean, Máire Callaghan, Jean Tyrrell, Isabelle Sa Correia

Articles

Respiratory infections with Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) bacteria in cystic fibrosis (CF) are associated with a worse prognosis and increased risk of death. In this work, we assessed the virulence potential of three B. cenocepacia clonal isolates obtained from a CF patient between the onset of infection (isolate IST439) and before death with cepacia syndrome 3.5 years later (isolate IST4113 followed by IST4134), based on their ability to invade epithelial cells and compromise epithelial monolayer integrity. The two clonal isolates retrieved during late-stage disease were significantly more virulent than IST439. Proteomic profiling by 2-D DIGE of the last isolate recovered …


A Cell Permeable Peptide Targeting The Intracellular Loop 2 Of Endothelin B Receptor Reduces Pulmonary Hypertension In A Hypoxic Rat Model, Daniel S. Green, Chamila Rupasinghe, Rod Warburton, Jamie L. Wilson, Christine O. Sallum, Linda Taylor, Achan Yatawara, Dale Mierke, Peter Polgar, Nicholas Hill 2013 Boston University

A Cell Permeable Peptide Targeting The Intracellular Loop 2 Of Endothelin B Receptor Reduces Pulmonary Hypertension In A Hypoxic Rat Model, Daniel S. Green, Chamila Rupasinghe, Rod Warburton, Jamie L. Wilson, Christine O. Sallum, Linda Taylor, Achan Yatawara, Dale Mierke, Peter Polgar, Nicholas Hill

Dartmouth Scholarship

Cell permeable peptides (CPP) aid cellular uptake of targeted cargo across the hydrophobic plasma membrane. CPP-mediated cargo delivery of receptor signaling motifs provides an opportunity to regulate specific receptor initiated signaling cascades. Both endothelin-1 receptors, ETA and ETB, have been targets of antagonist therapies for individuals with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). These therapies have had success but have been accompanied by adverse reactions. Also, unlike the CPP which target specific signaling cascades, the antagonists target the entire function of the receptor. Using the CPP strategy of biased antagonism of the ETB receptor’s intracellular loop 2 (ICB2), we demonstrate blunting of …


Unique Microbial Communities Persist In Individual Cystic Fibrosis Patients Throughout A Clinical Exacerbation, Katherine E. Price, Thomas H. Hampton, Alex H. Gifford, Emily L. Dolben, Deborah A. Hogan, Hilary G. Morrison, Mitchell L. Sogin, George A. O’Tooled 2013 Dartmouth College

Unique Microbial Communities Persist In Individual Cystic Fibrosis Patients Throughout A Clinical Exacerbation, Katherine E. Price, Thomas H. Hampton, Alex H. Gifford, Emily L. Dolben, Deborah A. Hogan, Hilary G. Morrison, Mitchell L. Sogin, George A. O’Tooled

Dartmouth Scholarship

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by inherited mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene and results in a lung environment that is highly conducive to polymicrobial infection. Over a lifetime, decreasing bacterial diversity and the presence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the lung are correlated with worsening lung disease. However, to date, no change in community diversity, overall microbial load or individual microbes has been shown to correlate with the onset of an acute exacerbation in CF patients. We followed 17 adult CF patients throughout the course of clinical exacerbation, treatment and recovery, using deep sequencing and quantitative PCR …


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