Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Endocrine System Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

16 Full-Text Articles 40 Authors 2,318 Downloads 7 Institutions

All Articles in Endocrine System

Faceted Search

16 full-text articles. Page 1 of 1.

Effects Of Prenatal Testosterone On The Reproductive And Metabolic Neurons Of The Sheep Hypothalamus, Maria Cernea 2013 Western University

Effects Of Prenatal Testosterone On The Reproductive And Metabolic Neurons Of The Sheep Hypothalamus, Maria Cernea

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders affecting reproductively aged women. Women with PCOS and ewes prenatally exposed to testosterone (T) show similar reproductive and metabolic defects, including anovulatory dysfunctions stemming from abnormal gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion and insulin resistance. For this dissertation, I examined the effects of prenatal T treatment on androgen receptor (AR) and insulin receptor (IR) expression with the reproductive and metabolic neurons of the hypothalamus, the ARC KNDy (co-expressing kisspeptin, neurokinin B/dynorphin), AgRP (agouti-related peptide) and proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons, and the preoptic area (POA) kisspeptin neurons, and the GnRH ...


The Role Of Kisspeptin And Kndy Cells In The Reproductive Neuroendocrine System, Christina M. Merkley 2013 Western University

The Role Of Kisspeptin And Kndy Cells In The Reproductive Neuroendocrine System, Christina M. Merkley

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons in the hypothalamus represent the final common output in the central control of reproduction. GnRH secretion is modulated indirectly by steroid feedback action of gonadal steroids on afferent interneurons. In recent years, the neuropeptide, kisspeptin, has emerged as a key mediator of steroid feedback onto GnRH neurons and the reproductive system. Kisspeptin neurons located in the preoptic area (POA) mediate estradiol (E2) positive feedback leading to the preovulatory surge, and kisspeptin cells in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) have been shown to mediate the negative feedback actions of E2 on pulsatile GnRH secretion. ARC kisspeptin neurons ...


Gene Expression And Profiling Of Human Islet Cell Subtypes: A Master’S Thesis, David M. Blodgett 2012 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Gene Expression And Profiling Of Human Islet Cell Subtypes: A Master’S Thesis, David M. Blodgett

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Background: The endocrine pancreas contains multiple cell types co-localized into clusters called the Islets of Langerhans. The predominant cell types include alpha and beta cells, which produce glucagon and insulin, respectively. The regulated release of these hormones maintains whole body glucose homeostasis, essential for normal metabolism and to prevent diabetes and complications from the disease. Given the heterogeneous nature of islet composition and absence of unique surface markers, many previous studies have focused on the whole islet. Sorting islet cells by intracellular hormone expression overcomes this limitation and provides pure populations of individual islet cell subsets, specifically alpha and beta ...


Endocrine Complications In Patients Of Beta Thalassemia Major In A Tertiary Care Hospital In Pakistan, Amina Adil, Zain A. Sobani, Abdul Jabbar, Salman N Adil, Safia Awan 2012 The Aga Khan University

Endocrine Complications In Patients Of Beta Thalassemia Major In A Tertiary Care Hospital In Pakistan, Amina Adil, Zain A. Sobani, Abdul Jabbar, Salman N Adil, Safia Awan

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

OBJECTIVE: To determine the major endocrine complications present in patients of Thalassemia major presenting to a tertiary care center in Karachi, Pakistan.

METHODS: Records of all thallasemia major patients at a Haematology Department in a tertiary care hospital of Karachi were retrospectively reviewed from May to August 2009 with specific focus on endocrine data and investigations. The patients' data was recorded in a questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS v.17, frequencies and percentages along with corresponding 95% confidence interval were computed.

RESULTS: Our data revealed that a significantly small percentage of those under care received regular endocrine follow-up. Male hypo-gonadal ...


Cover Page, 2012 McMaster University

Cover Page

The Meducator

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of 17Α-Ethynylestradiol (Ee2) On Gonadal Development And Differentiation In The Estuarine Killifish, Fundulus Heteroclitus, Ibrahim Chehade 2012 Wilfrid Laurier University

The Effects Of 17Α-Ethynylestradiol (Ee2) On Gonadal Development And Differentiation In The Estuarine Killifish, Fundulus Heteroclitus, Ibrahim Chehade

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Endocrine disrupting substances (EDSs) comprise a wide variety of chemicals that perturb normal endocrine function including developmental and reproductive processes in vertebrates. The synthetic estrogen 17α-ethynylestradiol (EE2) is a commonly-used model EDS because of its environmental relevance and its effects on the reproductive endocrine system. Early life-stage exposure of fish to estrogenic EDSs causes effects such as intersex (ovotestes in males) and feminization. This study aims to confirm the period of gonadal differentiation in the estuarine killifish or mummichog (Fundulus heteroclitus) and to determine the sensitivity of gonadal development to EE2. Artificially-regressed mummichog were spawned, and fertilized eggs ...


Post Gastric Bypass Hypoglycemia: Four Cases Treated Successfully With Alphaglucosidase Inhibitor Therapy, Shavon S. Frankhouser DO, Aakif N. Ahmad DO, Gretchen A. Perilli MD, Benjamin Quintana MD, Marc A. Vengrove DO, FACP 2012 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Post Gastric Bypass Hypoglycemia: Four Cases Treated Successfully With Alphaglucosidase Inhibitor Therapy, Shavon S. Frankhouser Do, Aakif N. Ahmad Do, Gretchen A. Perilli Md, Benjamin Quintana Md, Marc A. Vengrove Do, Facp

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of Quality Outcomes In Patients Having A Hysterectomy: Robotics Vs The Vaginal Approach, Martin A. Martino MD, Jocelyn Shubella, Elizabeth A. Berger DO 2012 Lehigh Valley Health Network

An Analysis Of Quality Outcomes In Patients Having A Hysterectomy: Robotics Vs The Vaginal Approach, Martin A. Martino Md, Jocelyn Shubella, Elizabeth A. Berger Do

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology

No abstract provided.


Frequency Of Silent Myocardial Ischaemia In Diabetics: A Single Centre Study, Adil Sheikh, Syed Shah Faisal, Abdul Jabbar 2011 The Aga Khan University

Frequency Of Silent Myocardial Ischaemia In Diabetics: A Single Centre Study, Adil Sheikh, Syed Shah Faisal, Abdul Jabbar

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

OBJECTIVE: To find the frequency of silent myocardial ischaemia in diabetics as compared to non-diabetics.

METHODS: This was a cross sectional study conducted between November 2008 and March 2010. Two hundred subjects were recruited by convenience sampling after informed consent. All were subjected to an exercise stress test. Electrocardiographic changes were noted for silent Ischaemia Descriptive Statistics were applied for significance.

RESULT: Of the 200 subjects included in the study, 31 had diabetes and 1 69 were non-diabetics. The mean age was 46 +/- 10 years. Twenty eight subjects tested positive for silent ischaemia, of whom six were diabetics (19%) and ...


The Role Of Sonic Hedgehog In The Hypothalamus, Solsire E. Zevallos 2011 University of Pennsylvania

The Role Of Sonic Hedgehog In The Hypothalamus, Solsire E. Zevallos

Publicly accessible Penn Dissertations

ABSTRACT

THE REQUIREMENT OF SONIC HEDGEHOG IN THE HYPOTHALAMUS

Solsire E. Zevallos

Douglas J. Epstein

Sonic hedgehog (Shh) is a morphogen secreted during early development that is required for the formation of the ventral neural tube, including the ventral forebrain. The prechordal source of Shh underlying the forebrain is required early to bifurcate the cerebral hemispheres and eye vesicles as well as to specify a rostroventral forebrain region, the hypothalamus. We hypothesized that Shh expressed later in the hypothalamus may be required for other known functions of Shh, such as patterning within a region, cell proliferation, cell specification, and axon ...


Spurious Hyperkalaemia: An Insight, Khawaja Salman Zaki, Uzma Majid, Najmul Islam 2011 The Aga Khan University

Spurious Hyperkalaemia: An Insight, Khawaja Salman Zaki, Uzma Majid, Najmul Islam

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

Hyperkalaemia is a common electrolyte disorder with potentially lethal consequences and can lead to life-threatening cardiac dysrhythmias. Spurious hyperkalaemia, also known as pseudohyperkalaemia or factitious hyperkalaemiais, is also quite common in clinical practice and it's a source of avoidable emergency department visits or hospital admissions. We report a case in which alarming hyperkalaemia was found in a patient having Chronic Monomyelocytic Leukaemia on two different occasions, later diagnosed to be spurious.


A Large Goiter In A Euthyroid Child Due To A Thyroglobulin Gene Defect, Arnold H. Slyper MD, Pia Hermanns MS, PhD, Jessica Okamoto RN, Leeyat Slyper 2011 Lehigh Valley Health Network

A Large Goiter In A Euthyroid Child Due To A Thyroglobulin Gene Defect, Arnold H. Slyper Md, Pia Hermanns Ms, Phd, Jessica Okamoto Rn, Leeyat Slyper

Department of Pediatrics

No abstract provided.


Self-Glucose Monitoring And Glycaemic Control At A Tertiary Care University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, Khurshid Khowaja, Humaira Waheed 2010 The Aga Khan University

Self-Glucose Monitoring And Glycaemic Control At A Tertiary Care University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, Khurshid Khowaja, Humaira Waheed

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between Self Monitoring of Blood Glucose (SMBG) levels and improved glycemic control (HbA1c level) among type 2 diabetic patients, receiving oral hypoglycaemic agents and insulin, and to ascertain the factors influencing SMBG.

METHOD: Using Comparative cross sectional study design five hundred Type 2 diabetes patients through convenient sampling between 30-70 years were interviewed through a structured questionnaire in year 2006 and 2007 at AKUH Ambulatory setting. These 500 subjects were divided as 250 in case (doing SMBG) and 250 in control (not doing SMBG) groups.

RESULTS: We identified that HbA1c value was maintained at good ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress