Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Respiratory System Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

84 Full-Text Articles 250 Authors 23035 Downloads 22 Institutions

All Articles in Respiratory System

Faceted Search

84 full-text articles. Page 1 of 4.

Cigarette Smoke Impairs A2a Adenosine Receptor Mediated Wound Repair Through Up-Regulation Of Duox-1 Expression., Zhi Tian, Hui Zhang, Jendayi Dixon, Nicole Traphagen, Todd A. Wyatt, Kusum K. Kharbanda, Samantha Simet, Narasaiah Kolliputi, Diane S Allen-Gipson 2017 University of South Florida

Cigarette Smoke Impairs A2a Adenosine Receptor Mediated Wound Repair Through Up-Regulation Of Duox-1 Expression., Zhi Tian, Hui Zhang, Jendayi Dixon, Nicole Traphagen, Todd A. Wyatt, Kusum K. Kharbanda, Samantha Simet, Narasaiah Kolliputi, Diane S Allen-Gipson

Journal Articles: Pulmonary & Critical Care Med

Cigarette smoke (CS) exposure and intrinsic factors such as the NADPH oxidases produce high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), ensuing inflammatory tissue injury. We previously demonstrated that CS-generated ROS, particularly hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), impaired adenosine stimulated wound repair. We hypothesized that CS exposure modulates expression of Dual oxidase 1 (Duox-1), a NADPH oxidases known to generate H2O2. To test this hypothesis, we used human bronchial epithelial cell line Nuli-1 and C57BL/6 mice. Cells were treated with 5% CS extract (CSE) for various periods of time, and mice were exposed to whole body CS for six weeks. Both CSE ...


Effect Of Low-Level Co2 On Innate Inflammatory Protein Response To Organic Dust From Swine Confinement Barns., David Schneberger, Jane M. DeVasure, Kristina L. Bailey, Debra J. Romberger, Todd A. Wyatt 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Effect Of Low-Level Co2 On Innate Inflammatory Protein Response To Organic Dust From Swine Confinement Barns., David Schneberger, Jane M. Devasure, Kristina L. Bailey, Debra J. Romberger, Todd A. Wyatt

Journal Articles: Pulmonary & Critical Care Med

BACKGROUND: Organic hog barn dust (HDE) exposure induces lung inflammation and long-term decreases in lung function in agricultural workers. While concentrations of common gasses in confined animal facilities are well characterized, few studies have been done addressing if exposure to elevated barn gasses impacts the lung immune response to organic dusts. Given the well documented effects of hypercapnia at much higher levels we hypothesized that CO2 at 8 h exposure limit levels (5000 ppm) could alter innate immune responses to HDE.

METHODS: Using a mouse model, C57BL/6 mice were nasally instilled with defined barn dust extracts and then housed ...


The Effects Of Intrauterine Growth Restriction (Iugr) On The Pulmonary Surfactant And Lung Injury, Reza Khazaee 2017 University of Western Ontario

The Effects Of Intrauterine Growth Restriction (Iugr) On The Pulmonary Surfactant And Lung Injury, Reza Khazaee

Western Research Forum

The Effects of Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR) on the Pulmonary Surfactant and Lung Injury

Khazaee R1, McCaig LA2, Hardy D1, Yamashita CM2, Veldhuizen, RAW2

Department of Physiology and Pharmacology1, Western University, London, ON, Canada. Lawson Health Research Institute2, London, ON, Canada

Background: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is defined as severe lung dysfunction that occurs after an insult to the lung such as an infection. The lung dysfunction in ARDS is due to alterations to surfactant, a lipid-protein mixture coats the inside of the lung and maintains the lungs’ ability to expand easily ...


Angioedema: Adverse Reaction From Ace-Inhibitors, Jennifer L. Hawkins 2016 Otterbein University

Angioedema: Adverse Reaction From Ace-Inhibitors, Jennifer L. Hawkins

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) medications are one of the leading causes of angioedema in the United States, also known as ACEI-RA (Chan & Soliman, 2015). ACEI medications are frequently prescribed to help manage diseases, such as hypertension and congestive heart failure, and include, but are not limited to lisinopril and enalapril, with lisinopril being the most commonly prescribed at this time (Chan & Soliman, 2015). In addition, ACEIs are used to help prevent myocardial infarction, diabetic neuropathy, and a cerebrovascular accident (Chua, Ignaszewski, & Schwenger, 2011). There are several risk factors for developing ACEI-RA, with African-American females being the greatest at risk group ...


Patterns Of Growth And Decline In Lung Function In Persistent Childhood Asthma, Michael J. McGeachie, Gaurav Jain, Amartya Sanyal, Ye Zhan, Bryan R. Lajoie, Job Dekker, Scott T. Weiss, CAMP Research Group 2016 Brigham and Women’s Hospital

Patterns Of Growth And Decline In Lung Function In Persistent Childhood Asthma, Michael J. Mcgeachie, Gaurav Jain, Amartya Sanyal, Ye Zhan, Bryan R. Lajoie, Job Dekker, Scott T. Weiss, Camp Research Group

Program in Systems Biology Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Tracking longitudinal measurements of growth and decline in lung function in patients with persistent childhood asthma may reveal links between asthma and subsequent chronic airflow obstruction.

METHODS: We classified children with asthma according to four characteristic patterns of lung-function growth and decline on the basis of graphs showing forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), representing spirometric measurements performed from childhood into adulthood. Risk factors associated with abnormal patterns were also examined. To define normal values, we used FEV1 values from participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey who did not have asthma.

RESULTS: Of the 684 ...


The Utilization Of Exogenous Surfactant In The Neonate, Katherine Thorkildsen 2016 Liberty University

The Utilization Of Exogenous Surfactant In The Neonate, Katherine Thorkildsen

Senior Honors Theses

Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a common consequence of pulmonary immaturity in the lungs of neonates. RDS is the result of the deficient secretion of endogenous surfactant, causing increased surface tension in the alveolar sacs leading to respiratory compromise. RDS is more common in the preterm neonate but can be experienced by neonates at any gestational age. Treatment for RDS formerly consisted of mechanical ventilation and oxygen therapy to treat and relieve symptoms but not the cause. A new treatment method, developed largely in the 1980s and 90s is the use of exogenous surfactant to treat the deficiency exhibited in ...


Complications Of Prone Positioning During Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation For Respiratory Failure: A Systematic Review, Rachel Culbreth, Lynda T. Goodfellow 2016 Georgia State University

Complications Of Prone Positioning During Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation For Respiratory Failure: A Systematic Review, Rachel Culbreth, Lynda T. Goodfellow

Respiratory Therapy Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is often used in patients with severe respiratory failure to improve oxygenation and survival. ECMO gives the lungs an opportunity to rest and recover. The addition of prone positioning therapy used concurrently with ECMO can further aid in optimizing alveolar recruitment and reducing ventilator-induced lung injury, ultimately resulting in fewer ICU admission days and improved overall survival. The objective of this review is to perform a systematic analysis of the complications reported with prone positioning and ECMO in the adult population and to briefly report on the patient outcomes in the studies. METHODS: PubMed, MEDLINE ...


Drug Delivery Interfaces: A Way To Optimize Inhalation Therapy In Spontaneously Breathing Children, Arzu Ari 2016 Georgia State University

Drug Delivery Interfaces: A Way To Optimize Inhalation Therapy In Spontaneously Breathing Children, Arzu Ari

Respiratory Therapy Faculty Publications

There are several different types of drug delivery interfaces available on the market. Using the right interface for aerosol drug delivery to children is essential for effective inhalation therapy. However, clinicians usually focus on selecting the right drug-device combination and often overlook the importance of interface selection that lead to suboptimal drug delivery and therapeutic response in neonates and pediatrics. Therefore, it is necessary to critically assess each interface and understand its advantage and disadvantages in aerosol drug delivery to this patient population. The purpose of this paper is to provide a critical assessment of drug delivery interfaces used for ...


Secondhand Aerosol Exposure During Mechanical Ventilation With And Without Expiratory Filters: An In-Vitro Study, Arzu Ari, James B. Fink, Susan P. Pilbeam 2016 Georgia State University

Secondhand Aerosol Exposure During Mechanical Ventilation With And Without Expiratory Filters: An In-Vitro Study, Arzu Ari, James B. Fink, Susan P. Pilbeam

Respiratory Therapy Faculty Publications

Background: Concerns have been expressed about risk of exposure to exhaled aerosols to ICU personnel.

AIM: To quantify amount of aerosol collected at the exhaust outlet of mechanical ventilators operated with and without filters in the expiratory limb.

Methods: Two categories of ventilators were tested: (1) Ventilators without Proprietary Filters: Servo-i (Maquet) and Galileo (Hamilton) and (2) Ventilator with proprietary filters: PB 840 (Covidien). Each ventilator was attached to a simple test lung and operated with VT 500 ml, RR 20 bpm, PIF 50 L/min, PEEP 5 cmH2O. Four separate doses of albuterol (2.5 mg/3mL) were administered ...


Evolution Of An Interprofessional Patient Skills Course With The Incorporation Of Simulation Scenarios, Lutana Haan, Rosemary Macy, Leslie E. Kendrick 2016 Boise State University

Evolution Of An Interprofessional Patient Skills Course With The Incorporation Of Simulation Scenarios, Lutana Haan, Rosemary Macy, Leslie E. Kendrick

Respiratory Therapy Faculty Publications and Presentations

A university level interprofessional patient care skills course including Nursing, Radiologic Sciences, and Respiratory Care students has evolved over 20 years. The course includes a lecture and laboratory portion with specific content and skills focused on principles common to the three disciplines. Students are placed in interprofessional groups during lab to practice and learn together including a simulation scenario on each week’s content. This educational strategy has enhanced the students’ teamwork and communication skills and prepared them to apply these skills to clinical practice. Further research is needed to look at IPE undergraduate healthcare course outcomes related to teamwork.


Right-Sided Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia And Myelomeningocele: A Rare Association, Syed Rehan Ali, Shakeel Ahmed 2016 Aga Khan University

Right-Sided Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia And Myelomeningocele: A Rare Association, Syed Rehan Ali, Shakeel Ahmed

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a rare birth defect with a prevalence of < 0.5 per 1,000 live births. Majority of these defects are left-sided as most studies suggest that frequency of right-sided CDH was 10% of the total. The association of CDH with myelomeningocele (MMC) is extremely rare; as in Sweed's study of 116 consecutive cases of CDH, the incidence of associated MMC with CDH was stated as 4.3%. There has been one previous case report of leftsided CDH, MMC and hydrocephalus prenatally diagnosed; but to the best of authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of the above constellation with a right-sided CDH diagnosed prenatally.


Atrial Thrombus In A Premature Newborn Following Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation, Syed Rehan Ali, Shakeel Ahmed, Nadeem Aslam, Heeramani Lohana 2016 Aga Khan University

Atrial Thrombus In A Premature Newborn Following Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation, Syed Rehan Ali, Shakeel Ahmed, Nadeem Aslam, Heeramani Lohana

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Critically ill newborns, whether term or preterm, are at great risk for developing symptomatic thromboembolic disease. Comorbidities like inflammation, DIC, fluctuations in cardiac output, congenital heart disease, as well as central venous or arterial catheters, are the predisposing risk factors. Clinically symptomatic or asymptomatic cases are usually picked up by echocardiography, usually done for other indications. Management usually comprises of observation, heparin therapy, thrombo-embolectomy, and catheter directed revascularization. We present a case of premature neonate who developed thrombus at inter-atrial septum as a possible consequence of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, detected by echocardiography. Conversely, there is always a possibility of paradoxical emboli ...


Pulmonary Imaging To Better Understand Asthma, Sarah Svenningsen 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Pulmonary Imaging To Better Understand Asthma, Sarah Svenningsen

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Asthma is characterized using the spirometry measurement of the forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1). Simple and inexpensive, FEV1 provides a global estimate of lung function but this metric cannot regionally identify airways responsible for airflow limitation, asthma symptoms or control. Work that brought about an understanding that airway abnormalities are heterogeneously distributed within the lung in asthma patients has motivated the development of pulmonary imaging approaches, such as hyperpolarized helium-3 (3He) and xenon-129 (129Xe) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These methods provide a way to visualize and quantify lung regions accessed by gas during a ...


Myd88 In Lung Resident Cells Governs Airway Inflammatory And Pulmonary Function Responses To Organic Dust Treatment., Jill A. Poole, Todd A. Wyatt, Debra J. Romberger, Elizabeth Staab, Samantha Simet, Stephen J. Reynolds, Joseph H. Sisson, Tammy Kielian 2015 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Myd88 In Lung Resident Cells Governs Airway Inflammatory And Pulmonary Function Responses To Organic Dust Treatment., Jill A. Poole, Todd A. Wyatt, Debra J. Romberger, Elizabeth Staab, Samantha Simet, Stephen J. Reynolds, Joseph H. Sisson, Tammy Kielian

Journal Articles: Pulmonary & Critical Care Med

Inhalation of organic dusts within agriculture environments contributes to the development and/or severity of airway diseases, including asthma and chronic bronchitis. MyD88 KO (knockout) mice are nearly completely protected against the inflammatory and bronchoconstriction effects induced by acute organic dust extract (ODE) treatments. However, the contribution of MyD88 in lung epithelial cell responses remains unclear. In the present study, we first addressed whether ODE-induced changes in epithelial cell responses were MyD88-dependent by quantitating ciliary beat frequency and cell migration following wounding by electric cell-substrate impedance sensing. We demonstrate that the normative ciliary beat slowing response to ODE is delayed ...


Cfap54 Is Required For Proper Ciliary Motility And Assembly Of The Central Pair Apparatus In Mice., Casey W. McKenzie, Branch Craige, Tiffany V. Kroeger, Rozzy Finn, Todd A. Wyatt, Joseph H. Sisson, Jacqueline A. Pavlik, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Gregory M. Hendricks, George B. Witman, Lance Lee 2015 Sanford Research

Cfap54 Is Required For Proper Ciliary Motility And Assembly Of The Central Pair Apparatus In Mice., Casey W. Mckenzie, Branch Craige, Tiffany V. Kroeger, Rozzy Finn, Todd A. Wyatt, Joseph H. Sisson, Jacqueline A. Pavlik, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Gregory M. Hendricks, George B. Witman, Lance Lee

Journal Articles: Pulmonary & Critical Care Med

Motile cilia and flagella play critical roles in fluid clearance and cell motility, and dysfunction commonly results in the pediatric syndrome primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). CFAP221, also known as PCDP1, is required for ciliary and flagellar function in mice and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, where it localizes to the C1d projection of the central microtubule apparatus and functions in a complex that regulates flagellar motility in a calcium-dependent manner. We demonstrate that the genes encoding the mouse homologues of the other C. reinhardtii C1d complex members are primarily expressed in motile ciliated tissues, suggesting a conserved function in mammalian motile cilia. The ...


Engaging General Practitioners In Public–Private Mix Tuberculosis Dots Program In An Urban Area In Pakistan Need For Context-Specific Approach, Amin Pethani, Mubashir Zafar, Adeel Khan, Unaib Sana, Sana Ahmed, Zafar Fatmi 2015 Aga Khan University

Engaging General Practitioners In Public–Private Mix Tuberculosis Dots Program In An Urban Area In Pakistan Need For Context-Specific Approach, Amin Pethani, Mubashir Zafar, Adeel Khan, Unaib Sana, Sana Ahmed, Zafar Fatmi

Zafar Fatmi

A public–private mix tuberculosis (TB) DOTS project was implemented to enhance coverage and collaboration between the public and private sectors, with an objective to increase case detection and to improve TB case management in a large urban area. General practitioners (GPs) were trained to provide DOTS services. Patients were diagnosed and treated as per national guidelines and outcomes were reported to national TB control program. Treatment and sputum microscopy were provided free of cost. A total of 94 GPs were trained. In all, 57.4% of trained GPs remained actively involved in the project. Overall treatment success rate of ...


Exercise Improves Host Response To Influenza Viral Infection In Obese And Non-Obese Mice Through Different Mechanisms., Kristi J. Warren, Molly M. Olson, Nicholas J. Thompson, Mackenzie L. Cahill, Todd A. Wyatt, Kyoungjin J. Yoon, Christina M. Loiacono, Marian L. Kohut 2015 Iowa State University, Ames

Exercise Improves Host Response To Influenza Viral Infection In Obese And Non-Obese Mice Through Different Mechanisms., Kristi J. Warren, Molly M. Olson, Nicholas J. Thompson, Mackenzie L. Cahill, Todd A. Wyatt, Kyoungjin J. Yoon, Christina M. Loiacono, Marian L. Kohut

Journal Articles: Pulmonary & Critical Care Med

Obesity has been associated with greater severity of influenza virus infection and impaired host defense. Exercise may confer health benefits even when weight loss is not achieved, but it has not been determined if regular exercise improves immune defense against influenza A virus (IAV) in the obese condition. In this study, diet-induced obese mice and lean control mice exercised for eight weeks followed by influenza viral infection. Exercise reduced disease severity in both obese and non-obese mice, but the mechanisms differed. Exercise reversed the obesity-associated delay in bronchoalveolar-lavage (BAL) cell infiltration, restored BAL cytokine and chemokine production, and increased ciliary ...


Tiki_Goddess 2015 Biotechniques, May Issue Cover, George McNamara 2015 M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Tiki_Goddess 2015 Biotechniques, May Issue Cover, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

May 2015 Biotechniques cover

http://www.biotechniques.com/BiotechniquesJournal/2015/May/

Cover: "Tiki Goddess" trichrome stained frontal baby mouse tissue section. Image courtesy of George McNamara, L.J.N Cooper Lab, M.D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX. Cover design Genevieve McCarthy.

More images of Tiki_Goddess, at a lot higher resolution, is available at the following web pages:

Tiki_Goddess (small file, with back story)

http://home.earthlink.net/~tiki_goddess/

Tiki_Goddess ("full size" for 2000, The full size version is 8.8 Mb, JPEG quality 10 saved with Photoshop CS)

http://home.earthlink.net/~tiki_goddess/TikiGoddess.jpg

Tiki_Goddess on ThorLabs Digital ...


Non-Invasive Quantification Of Alveolar Morphometry Measurements In Older Never-Smokers, Gregory A. Paulin 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Non-Invasive Quantification Of Alveolar Morphometry Measurements In Older Never-Smokers, Gregory A. Paulin

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Diffusion-weighted noble gas pulmonary magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides in vivo images with a contrast uniquely sensitive to molecular displacement at cellular and sub-cellular length scales. We estimated the external airway radius (R) and internal airway radius (r) of the alveolar dimensions to evaluate potential differences in acinar duct morphometries in healthy older never-smokers and compared those with a group of ex-smokers. The acinar duct and alveolar MRI morphometry results were within the physiologically-valid range of parameters. Estimated values of internal (r) and external (R) airway radius as well as alveolar sheath (h) and mean linear intercept (Lm) for ...


Gait Mechanics In Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease., Jennifer M. Yentes, Kendra Schmid, Daniel Blanke, Debra J. Romberger, Stephen I. Rennard, Nicholas Stergiou 2015 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Gait Mechanics In Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease., Jennifer M. Yentes, Kendra Schmid, Daniel Blanke, Debra J. Romberger, Stephen I. Rennard, Nicholas Stergiou

Journal Articles: Pulmonary & Critical Care Med

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by the frequent association of disease outside the lung. The objective of this study was to determine the presence of biomechanical gait abnormalities in COPD patients compared to healthy controls while well rested and without rest.

METHODS: Patients with COPD (N = 17) and aged-matched, healthy controls (N = 21) walked at their self-selected pace down a 10-meter walkway while biomechanical gait variables were collected. A one-minute rest was given between each of the five collected trials to prevent tiredness (REST condition). Patients with COPD then walked at a self-selected pace on a treadmill ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress