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351 full-text articles. Page 1 of 14.

A Fatal Rectus Sheath Hematoma After A Myasthenia Crisis Case Report, Robert G. Michaud, Lesley B. Gordon 2020 Tufts University School of Medicine - Maine Track Program

A Fatal Rectus Sheath Hematoma After A Myasthenia Crisis Case Report, Robert G. Michaud, Lesley B. Gordon

Journal of Maine Medical Center

Introduction: Rectus sheath hematomas (RSH) generally occur due to damage to the inferior epigastric artery. They are rare causes of abdominal pain or acute blood loss anemia, but are an important diagnostic consideration because they can be cryptic and are potentially fatal.

Clinical Findings: An 85-year-old female who had been admitted to the hospital for 10 days with a myasthenia crisis was found to be abruptly hypotensive with a tender abdominal mass in the left lower quadrant subtly crossing midline. She was on prophylactic anticoagulation during her hospitalization.

Main diagnosis, therapeutics, interventions, and outcomes: The patient was initially stabilized with ...


Coffee And Tea Consumption In The Early Adult Lifespan And Left Ventricular Function In Middle Age: The Cardia Study, Chike C. Nwabuo, Aisha S. Betoko, Jared P. Reis, Henrique T. Moreira, Henrique D. Vasconcellos, Eliseo Guallar, Christopher Cox, Stephen Sidney, Bharath Ambale-Venkatesh, Cora E. Lewis, Pamela J. Schreiner, Donald Lloyd-Jones, Catarina I. Kiefe, Samuel S. Gidding, Joao A. C. Lima 2020 Johns Hopkins University

Coffee And Tea Consumption In The Early Adult Lifespan And Left Ventricular Function In Middle Age: The Cardia Study, Chike C. Nwabuo, Aisha S. Betoko, Jared P. Reis, Henrique T. Moreira, Henrique D. Vasconcellos, Eliseo Guallar, Christopher Cox, Stephen Sidney, Bharath Ambale-Venkatesh, Cora E. Lewis, Pamela J. Schreiner, Donald Lloyd-Jones, Catarina I. Kiefe, Samuel S. Gidding, Joao A. C. Lima

Open Access Articles

AIMS: The long-term impact of coffee or tea consumption on subclinical left ventricular (LV) systolic or diastolic function has not been previously studied. We examined the association between coffee or tea consumption beginning in early adulthood and cardiac function in midlife.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated 2735 Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study participants with long-term total caffeine intake, coffee, and tea consumption data from three visits over a 20 year interval and available echocardiography indices at the CARDIA Year-25 exam (2010-2011). Linear regression models were used to assess the association between caffeine intake, tea, and coffee ...


Incidental Diagnosis Of Dual Arterial Supply Of The Right Lower Lobe, Christopher Mathis 2020 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Incidental Diagnosis Of Dual Arterial Supply Of The Right Lower Lobe, Christopher Mathis

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Myocardial Work Index: A Novel Method For Assessment Of Myocardial Function In South Asian Recreational Athletes, Shantanu Sengupta, Renuka Jain, Nitin Burkule, Susan Olet, Bijoy K. Khandheria 2020 Sengupta Hospital and Research Institute

Myocardial Work Index: A Novel Method For Assessment Of Myocardial Function In South Asian Recreational Athletes, Shantanu Sengupta, Renuka Jain, Nitin Burkule, Susan Olet, Bijoy K. Khandheria

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: We used a novel noninvasive method based on speckle-tracking echocardiography to evaluate myocardial performance in South Asian recreational athletes who completed a half marathon.

Methods: Transthoracic echocardiography was performed on 24 recreational athletes 48 hours before they took part in a half marathon (premarathon), within 2 hours of half marathon completion (postmarathon), and 72 hours after completion. Clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic variables were collected. Speckle-tracking echocardiography was performed in all subjects to characterize myocardial mechanics.

Results: Mean age of participants was 41.8 ± 7.4 years, and 23 (95.8%) were male. No subject had a prior history of ...


Relation Of Flt-1 And Endothelial Function In Women Soon After Delivery: Effect Of Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior, Chloe W. Caudell 2020 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Relation Of Flt-1 And Endothelial Function In Women Soon After Delivery: Effect Of Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior, Chloe W. Caudell

Senior Theses

Adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) are believed to be caused by poor placental formation. APOs can be characterized by elevated levels of a circulating Fms-like tyrosine kinase biomarker called Flt-1, produced by the placenta when its blood vessels are shallow or inadequately formed. Flt-1 acts directly on the maternal endothelium to impair vascular function during pregnancy and contributes to maternal features of APOs. This study aimed to evaluate the relation of Flt-1 and endothelial function in women soon after delivery. This study also aimed to evaluate the relation of Flt-1 and physical activity and sedentary behavior in women during and soon ...


A 12-Lead Ecg Database To Identify Origins Of Idiopathic Ventricular Arrhythmia Containing 334 Patients, Jianwei Zhang, Guohua Fu, Kyle Anderson, Huimin Chu, Cyril Rakovski 2020 Chapman University

A 12-Lead Ecg Database To Identify Origins Of Idiopathic Ventricular Arrhythmia Containing 334 Patients, Jianwei Zhang, Guohua Fu, Kyle Anderson, Huimin Chu, Cyril Rakovski

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Cardiac catheter ablation has shown the effectiveness of treating the idiopathic premature ventricular complex and ventricular tachycardia. As the most important prerequisite for successful therapy, criteria based on analysis of 12-lead ECGs are employed to reliably speculate the locations of idiopathic ventricular arrhythmia before a subsequent catheter ablation procedure. Among these possible locations, right ventricular outflow tract and left outflow tract are the major ones. We created a new 12-lead ECG database under the auspices of Chapman University and Ningbo First Hospital of Zhejiang University that aims to provide high quality data enabling detection of the distinctions between idiopathic ventricular ...


Follow Up Care For Heart Failure Patients And Association With Hospital Readmission, Supraja Thunuguntla, Michael Machiorlatti, Mohammad Rizwan, Sonya Rivera, Juan Cortinas Galvan, Jose Campo Maldonado 2020 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Follow Up Care For Heart Failure Patients And Association With Hospital Readmission, Supraja Thunuguntla, Michael Machiorlatti, Mohammad Rizwan, Sonya Rivera, Juan Cortinas Galvan, Jose Campo Maldonado

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Background:

The CDC reports 6.5 million adults in the US have Heart failure (HF) with yearly costs topping 30 billion. HF patients admitted to Valley Baptist (VB) are readmitted 26% of the time, which is close to the national average of 23% [1]. Standard of care for HF patients is remote nursing care for 30 days from discharge. A hospitalization for any reason within 30 days is considered a “readmission”. On October 1, 2019 at VB remote nursing care changed from weekly house visits to weekly phone calls. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of ...


Syllabus For Clinical Exercise Physiology (Kine 4700), Phillip Drouet 2020 California State University, San Bernardino

Syllabus For Clinical Exercise Physiology (Kine 4700), Phillip Drouet

Q2S Enhancing Pedagogy

The syllabus has newly developed learning objectives that will prepare students entering the field of clinical exercise physiology. This course will cover the etiology and pathophysiology of many chronic diseases that plague the population. Assessments of chronic diseases include but are not limited to understanding symptomology will also be covered. Due to the limitations in time the most prevalent chronic disease will be covered and students will have to present on a disease that was not presented in class. The practical application portion of this course will take place during a lab section. Here students will have the opportunity to ...


Optimal Multi-Stage Arrhythmia Classification Approach, Jianwei Zhang, Huimin Chu, Daniele Struppa, Jianming Zhang, Sir Magdi Yacoub, Hesham el-Askary, Anthony Chang, Louis Ehwerhemuepha, Islam Abudayyeh, Alexander Barrett, Guohua Fu, Hai Yao, Dongbo Li, Hangyuan Guo, Cyril Rakovski 2020 Chapman University

Optimal Multi-Stage Arrhythmia Classification Approach, Jianwei Zhang, Huimin Chu, Daniele Struppa, Jianming Zhang, Sir Magdi Yacoub, Hesham El-Askary, Anthony Chang, Louis Ehwerhemuepha, Islam Abudayyeh, Alexander Barrett, Guohua Fu, Hai Yao, Dongbo Li, Hangyuan Guo, Cyril Rakovski

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Arrhythmia constitutes a problem with the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat, and an early diagnosis is essential for the timely inception of successful treatment. We have jointly optimized the entire multi-stage arrhythmia classification scheme based on 12-lead surface ECGs that attains the accuracy performance level of professional cardiologists. The new approach is comprised of a three-step noise reduction stage, a novel feature extraction method and an optimal classification model with finely tuned hyperparameters. We carried out an exhaustive study comparing thousands of competing classification algorithms that were trained on our proprietary, large and expertly labeled dataset consisting of 12-lead ...


A 12-Lead Electrocardiogram Database For Arrhythmia Research Covering More Than 10,000 Patients, Jianwei Zhang, Jianming Zhang, Sidy Daniako, Hai Yao, Hangyuan Guo, Cyril Rakovski 2020 Chapman University

A 12-Lead Electrocardiogram Database For Arrhythmia Research Covering More Than 10,000 Patients, Jianwei Zhang, Jianming Zhang, Sidy Daniako, Hai Yao, Hangyuan Guo, Cyril Rakovski

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

This newly inaugurated research database for 12-lead electrocardiogram signals was created under the auspices of Chapman University and Shaoxing People’s Hospital (Shaoxing Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine) and aims to enable the scientific community in conducting new studies on arrhythmia and other cardiovascular conditions. Certain types of arrhythmias, such as atrial fibrillation, have a pronounced negative impact on public health, quality of life, and medical expenditures. As a non-invasive test, long term ECG monitoring is a major and vital diagnostic tool for detecting these conditions. This practice, however, generates large amounts of data, the analysis of which requires ...


Steps-T Program Improves Endovascular Treatment Outcomes Of Acute Ischemic Stroke; A 6-Year Study, Ameer E. Hassan, Rani R. Rabah, Laurie Preston, Wondwossen G. Tekle 2020 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Steps-T Program Improves Endovascular Treatment Outcomes Of Acute Ischemic Stroke; A 6-Year Study, Ameer E. Hassan, Rani R. Rabah, Laurie Preston, Wondwossen G. Tekle

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Background: Early endovascular recanalization of occluded vessels in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is a major contributor to good clinical outcome. We report the analysis of all AIS patients throughout a 6-year experience following the deployment of a quality initiative aiming at improving care, speed and maintaining quality for AIS treatment.

Methods: Using a prospectively collected endovascular database at a comprehensive stroke center between 2012 and 2017, workflow/outcomes were recorded. There were no exclusion criteria. During the first year, a quality program employing “digital-object” technology, staff education, and workflow improvement was implemented to reduce time-to-treatment. Using electronic recording, workflow times ...


Individualizing Patient Care During Percutaneous Coronary Intervention To Reduce Operator Risk Adjusted Bleeding Rates: A Pre/Post Interventional Study, Sarah Brown 2020 University of Kentucky

Individualizing Patient Care During Percutaneous Coronary Intervention To Reduce Operator Risk Adjusted Bleeding Rates: A Pre/Post Interventional Study, Sarah Brown

DNP Projects

OBJECTIVE: It is well documented that the most common problems associated with diagnostic and interventional angiography are major bleeding and vascular complications. While previous research and the American College of Cardiology (ACC) recommend the use of bleeding risk stratification tools, there is little evidence related to the use of bleeding avoidance strategies in the high-risk for bleeding population. This study aims to determine if individualizing access site and anticoagulation strategies based on bleeding risk stratification would positively impact NCDR Risk-Adjusted Bleeding Rates.

METHODS: This was a single-center pilot study utilizing retrospective chart reviews with pre/post design. Data was collected ...


Enhancement Of The Syncardia Total Artificial Heart For Pediatric Use, Margaret Clark, Madison Marks 2020 The University of Akron

Enhancement Of The Syncardia Total Artificial Heart For Pediatric Use, Margaret Clark, Madison Marks

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Pediatric patients with disorders and diseases of the heart have limited options with regards to implantable devices. Many of these implants are ventricular assist devices, which is not always suitable for a patient. Total artificial hearts (TAHs) have supported many adult patients until transplantation, and we believe that they could do the same for pediatric patients. SynCardia has the only Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved TAH devices. Since SynCardia is the only company with FDA approved TAHs, we decided to modify the design of the SynCardia TAH for use in pediatric patients without compromising the function of the current ...


Effects Of A Strength Training Intervention And Quality Of Life: Case Study On A Sedentary Adult Female, Lucas Frazier 2020 The University of Akron

Effects Of A Strength Training Intervention And Quality Of Life: Case Study On A Sedentary Adult Female, Lucas Frazier

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The purpose of the project is to evaluate physiological and quality of life changes in a

sedentary, senior-aged (55 or older) female using a six-week strength training

intervention. This case study will instruct how to perform a push-pull-legs split

routine by going to the gym three times per week. Prior to the six week intervention,

both quantitative and qualitative variables will be collected to assess baseline data,

including the subject’s resting heart rate, resting blood pressure, grip strength, one-

repetition maximum on seven whole body exercises (dumbbell bicep curl, tricep

pushdown, barbell bench press, wide-grip lat pull-down, seated dumbbell ...


Evaluating The Occurrence Of Age-Related Peripheral Neuropathy In Het3 Mice And Development Of A Whole Tissue Imaging Technique For Analyzing Total Innervation In The Subcutaneous Adipose Depot, Jake Willows 2019 University of Maine

Evaluating The Occurrence Of Age-Related Peripheral Neuropathy In Het3 Mice And Development Of A Whole Tissue Imaging Technique For Analyzing Total Innervation In The Subcutaneous Adipose Depot, Jake Willows

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Adipose tissue can be characterized as either being a white (energy storing) depot or a brown (energy expending) depot and both have been found to contain dense networks of neural innervation. This adipose nerve supply regulates numerous metabolic functions and likely plays an important role in the function of adipose blood vessels. Recently our lab has shown in the C57BL/6 mouse model that peripheral neuropathy, or the dying back and dysfunction of the nerves in the superficial tissues such as the skin, can extend into the subcutaneous adipose tissue in conditions commonly associated with the neuropathic phenotype (i.e ...


Pax9 Is Required For Cardiovascular Development And Interacts With Tbx1 In The Pharyngeal Endoderm To Control 4(Th) Pharyngeal Arch Artery Morphogenesis, Helen M. Phillips, Rene Maehr, Simon D. Bamforth 2019 Newcastle University

Pax9 Is Required For Cardiovascular Development And Interacts With Tbx1 In The Pharyngeal Endoderm To Control 4(Th) Pharyngeal Arch Artery Morphogenesis, Helen M. Phillips, Rene Maehr, Simon D. Bamforth

Open Access Articles

Developmental defects affecting the heart and aortic arch arteries are a significant phenotype observed in 22q11 deletion syndrome patients and are caused by a microdeletion on chromosome 22q11. TBX1, one of the deleted genes, is expressed throughout the pharyngeal arches and is considered a key gene, when mutated, for the arch artery defects. Pax9 is expressed in the pharyngeal endoderm and is downregulated in Tbx1 mutant mice. We show here that Pax9 deficient mice are born with complex cardiovascular malformations affecting the outflow tract and aortic arch arteries with failure of the 3(rd) and 4(th) pharyngeal arch arteries ...


Intersectional Effects Of Racial And Gender Discrimination On Cardiovascular Health Vary Among Black And White Women And Men In The Cardia Study, Ganga S. Bey, William M. Jesdale, Sarah N. Forrester, Sharina D. Person, Catarina I. Kiefe 2019 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Intersectional Effects Of Racial And Gender Discrimination On Cardiovascular Health Vary Among Black And White Women And Men In The Cardia Study, Ganga S. Bey, William M. Jesdale, Sarah N. Forrester, Sharina D. Person, Catarina I. Kiefe

Open Access Articles

Testing hypotheses from the emerging Identity Pathology (IP) framework, we assessed race-gender differences in the effects of reporting experiences of racial and gender discrimination simultaneously compared with racial or gender discrimination alone, or no discrimination, on future cardiovascular health (CVH). Data were from a sample of 3758 black or white adults in CARDIA, a community-based cohort recruited in Birmingham, AL; Chicago, IL; Minneapolis, MN, and Oakland, CA in 1985-6 (year 0). Racial and gender discrimination were assessed using the Experiences of Discrimination scale. CVH was evaluated using a 12-point composite outcome modified from the Life's Simple 7, with higher ...


Circulating Extracellular Rnas, Myocardial Remodeling, And Heart Failure In Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome, Khanh-Van T. Tran, Kahraman Tanriverdi, Gerard P. Aurigemma, Darleen M. Lessard, Mayank Sardana, Matthew Parker, Amir Y. Shaikh, Matthew Gottbrecht, Zachary Milstone, Selim E. Tanriverdi, Olga Vitseva, John F. Keaney Jr., Catarina I. Kiefe, David D. McManus, Jane E. Freedman 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Circulating Extracellular Rnas, Myocardial Remodeling, And Heart Failure In Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome, Khanh-Van T. Tran, Kahraman Tanriverdi, Gerard P. Aurigemma, Darleen M. Lessard, Mayank Sardana, Matthew Parker, Amir Y. Shaikh, Matthew Gottbrecht, Zachary Milstone, Selim E. Tanriverdi, Olga Vitseva, John F. Keaney Jr., Catarina I. Kiefe, David D. Mcmanus, Jane E. Freedman

Open Access Articles

Background: Given high on-treatment mortality in heart failure (HF), identifying molecular pathways that underlie adverse cardiac remodeling may offer novel biomarkers and therapeutic avenues. Circulating extracellular RNAs (ex-RNAs) regulate important biological processes and are emerging as biomarkers of disease, but less is known about their role in the acute setting, particularly in the setting of HF.

Methods: We examined the ex-RNA profiles of 296 acute coronary syndrome (ACS) survivors enrolled in the Transitions, Risks, and Actions in Coronary Events Center for Outcomes Research and Education Cohort. We measured 374 ex-RNAs selected a priori, based on previous findings from a large ...


Analyzing The Structural Properties Of Pulmonary Arterial Networks, Megan J. Chambers 2019 North Carolina State University at Raleigh

Analyzing The Structural Properties Of Pulmonary Arterial Networks, Megan J. Chambers

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Atypical Presentation Of Stemi With Cardiac Tamponade Related To Malignancy, Matthew J. Johnson, Rohan Penmetcha 2019 Rowan University

Atypical Presentation Of Stemi With Cardiac Tamponade Related To Malignancy, Matthew J. Johnson, Rohan Penmetcha

Stratford Campus Research Day

Cardiac tamponade and myocardial infarction are rare as the initial presentation of a malignancy. Here, we describe a case with an atypical presentation of a myocardial infarction due to a thrombus in the right coronary artery occurring in the setting of a pericardial effusion causing tamponade physiology related to malignancy. We present this unique case of myocardial infarction and cardiac tamponade as this was not caused by a type-A aortic dissection. In conclusion, we suggest that malignancy be considered in the differential diagnosis when these findings present together.


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