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Mechanisms Of Left Ventricular Thrombus Formation In Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction: Novel Insights From Two-Dimensional Speckle Tracking Echocardiography, Dhruv Chawla, Tracy Hammonds, Tadele Mengesha, Matt Umland, Khawaja Afzal Ammar, Vinay Thohan 2017 Aurora Cardiovascular Services

Mechanisms Of Left Ventricular Thrombus Formation In Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction: Novel Insights From Two-Dimensional Speckle Tracking Echocardiography, Dhruv Chawla, Tracy Hammonds, Tadele Mengesha, Matt Umland, Khawaja Afzal Ammar, Vinay Thohan

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Patients suffering from heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) are at increased risk for left ventricular (LV) thrombus and subsequent thromboembolism, yet anticoagulation is not routinely recommended for left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) alone. We sought to determine the role of two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) to quantify regional changes in cardiac function associated with LV thrombus, which may prospectively guide anticoagulation.

Purpose: Help enable cardiovascular clinicians to use 2D-STE to evaluate regional strain patterns among patients with HFrEF with and without LV thrombus. Our results suggest that statistically lower regional longitudinal strain patterns in a well-matched cohort ...


Relative Associations Of Age, Height, And Weight On Sinus Of Valsalva And Mid-Ascending Aorta: An Imaging And Epidemiology Study, Mirza Nubair Ahmad, Syed Haris Pir, Mirza Mujadil Ahmad, Sharmeen Hussaini, Bijoy K. Khandheria, A. Jamil Tajik, Khawaja Afzal Ammar 2017 Department of Internal Medicine, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

Relative Associations Of Age, Height, And Weight On Sinus Of Valsalva And Mid-Ascending Aorta: An Imaging And Epidemiology Study, Mirza Nubair Ahmad, Syed Haris Pir, Mirza Mujadil Ahmad, Sharmeen Hussaini, Bijoy K. Khandheria, A. Jamil Tajik, Khawaja Afzal Ammar

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Prior studies show ascending aorta diameter varies with age, height and weight, but they did not evaluate relative influence of these variables on aortic diameter. Since height is genetically determined, and genetic disorders like Marfan syndrome are predominantly associated with sinus of Valsalva (SOV) dilation, we hypothesized height may have stronger association with SOV.

Purpose: Based on anecdotal observation, since age, weight and obesity are acquired attributes, we hypothesized age, weight and body mass index may have greater association with mid-ascending aorta (MAA) diameter, even in normal patients.

Methods: We evaluated echocardiographic studies of patients ≥ 15 years old that ...


Assessment Of Chronic Disease To Determine Appropriateness Of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Therapy, Bilal M. Omery, Maharaj Singh, Randy S. Turkel, Robyn Shearer, Arshad Jahangir, M. Eyman Mortada, Jasbir S. Sra, Indrajit Choudhuri 2017 Aurora Cardiovascular Services

Assessment Of Chronic Disease To Determine Appropriateness Of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Therapy, Bilal M. Omery, Maharaj Singh, Randy S. Turkel, Robyn Shearer, Arshad Jahangir, M. Eyman Mortada, Jasbir S. Sra, Indrajit Choudhuri

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy is considered appropriate when a patient is felt to have a reasonable expectation of 1-year survival. Chronic diseases have been estimated to be associated with greater than 10% annual mortality and may reduce benefits of ICD therapy. Frailty has been estimated to be associated with greater than 20% annual mortality and has been suggested to contraindicate ICD therapy.

Purpose: Determine a risk score that may identify patients in whom ICD implantation may not be appropriate.

Methods: Patients who received an ICD for primary and secondary prevention from 2008 through 2013 at the Aurora Health Care ...


Disaggregating The Relative Influence Of Genetic, Environmental And Individual Factors On Lcl And Hdl Cholesterols And Bmi For A Sample Of African American (Aa) Mothers And Daughters, C. Jayne Brahler, Jewel Harden, Michelle McHone, Matthew Soules, Eric Evans, Ann Alyanak, Fred Diakpieng, Paul M. Vanderburgh 2017 University of Dayton

Disaggregating The Relative Influence Of Genetic, Environmental And Individual Factors On Lcl And Hdl Cholesterols And Bmi For A Sample Of African American (Aa) Mothers And Daughters, C. Jayne Brahler, Jewel Harden, Michelle Mchone, Matthew Soules, Eric Evans, Ann Alyanak, Fred Diakpieng, Paul M. Vanderburgh

Paul M. Vanderburgh

There are many reports about the associations between blood lipids, body mass index (BMI) and dietary cholesterol intakes both within the individual and between related individuals. The purpose of this descriptive research project was to investigate the relationships between LDL and HDL cholesterols, body mass index and dietary cholesterol intakes for a sample of African American (AA) mothers and their daughters and to attempt to separate the contribution of genetic versus environmental factors. Mother and daughter participants (n =42 and 66, respectively) were 12-14-hours fasted when blood samples were drawn, heights and weights measured, and 24 hour food recalls completed.


Influence Of Differential Calcification In The Descending Thoracic Aorta On Aortic Pulse Pressure, Mirza Mujadil Ahmad, Syed Haris Ahmed Pir, Mustafa Noor Muhammad, Sharmeen Hussaini, Immad Arif Kiani, Mirza Nubair Ahmad, Imaad Razzaque, Muhammad Nabeel Syed, Rafath Ullah, Suhail Allaqaband, Anjan Gupta, Steven C. Port, Khawaja Afzal Ammar 2017 Aurora Cardiovascular Services, Aurora Sinai/Aurora St. Luke’s Medical Centers

Influence Of Differential Calcification In The Descending Thoracic Aorta On Aortic Pulse Pressure, Mirza Mujadil Ahmad, Syed Haris Ahmed Pir, Mustafa Noor Muhammad, Sharmeen Hussaini, Immad Arif Kiani, Mirza Nubair Ahmad, Imaad Razzaque, Muhammad Nabeel Syed, Rafath Ullah, Suhail Allaqaband, Anjan Gupta, Steven C. Port, Khawaja Afzal Ammar

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Multiple studies have shown pulse pressure (PP) to be a strong predictor of aortic calcification. However, no studies are available that correlate PP with aortic calcification at the segmental level.

Methods: We identified 37 patients with aortic PP measured during cardiac catheterization. Their noncontrast chest computed tomography scans were evaluated for the presence of calcium in different segments (ascending aorta, arch of aorta [arch], descending aorta) and quantified. Patients with calcification (Calcified Group A) were compared against patients without calcification (Noncalcified Group B) in terms of PP, calcification and compliance.

Results: The mean of the total calcium score was ...


Local Anesthesia Toxicity, Nicole McCleery 2017 Otterbein University

Local Anesthesia Toxicity, Nicole Mccleery

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

Local anesthesia (LA) provides a way to relieve temporary pain in a small part of the body and has been used for over 100 years (Fencl, 2015). LA also prevents the passage of surgical stimuli into the central nervous system (CNS) making a surgical procedure less painful for the patient (Noble, 2015). According to Noble, “altering the passage of stimuli from smaller diameter neurons in a confined area with lower drug dosages is called LA, such as the injection of LA around a surgical incision” (Noble, 2015, p.325). LA can be used in a variety of settings, such as ...


New Paradigms In The Treatment Of Acute Complicated And Uncomplicated Type B Aortic Dissection, Eric S. Weiss 2017 Aurora St. Luke's Medical Center, Aurora Health Care

New Paradigms In The Treatment Of Acute Complicated And Uncomplicated Type B Aortic Dissection, Eric S. Weiss

Eric Weiss, MD, MPH

The treatment of acute type B aortic dissection is a rapidly evolving field, due in a large part to the advent of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). This review will summarize the current literature on the management of both complicated and uncomplicated type B dissections, with special attention paid to emerging evidence supporting earlier aggressive treatment.


The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann 2017 Bond University

The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann

Paul Glasziou

Background While the clinical benefits of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation are well established, there is extensive variation in the interventions used within these trials. It is unknown whether variations in individual components of these exercise interventions provide different relative contributions to overall clinical outcomes. This study aims to systematically examine the relationship between individual components of the exercise intervention in cardiac rehabilitation (such as intensity and frequency) and clinical outcomes for people with coronary heart disease. Methods In this systematic review, eligible trials were identified via searches of databases (PubMed, Allied and Complementary Medicine, EMBASE, PEDro, Science Citation Index Expanded, CINAHL ...


The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann 2017 Bond University

The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann

Tammy Hoffmann

Background While the clinical benefits of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation are well established, there is extensive variation in the interventions used within these trials. It is unknown whether variations in individual components of these exercise interventions provide different relative contributions to overall clinical outcomes. This study aims to systematically examine the relationship between individual components of the exercise intervention in cardiac rehabilitation (such as intensity and frequency) and clinical outcomes for people with coronary heart disease. Methods In this systematic review, eligible trials were identified via searches of databases (PubMed, Allied and Complementary Medicine, EMBASE, PEDro, Science Citation Index Expanded, CINAHL ...


A Cadaveric Study Of Coronary Artery Variations, Mitchell Lee Milanuk 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

A Cadaveric Study Of Coronary Artery Variations, Mitchell Lee Milanuk

Theses & Dissertations

Coronary artery diseases, such as angina or myocardial infarction, are extremely prevalent and impact millions of people worldwide. Underlying the diseases, and how they affect each individual in a distinct manner, is the individual’s coronary artery anatomy. The aim of the present study is to have an intimate knowledge of the normal and variant anatomy of the coronary arteries. As an attempt to gain such knowledge, complete analysis of the anatomical variations of coronary arteries was performed. Classical cadaveric dissection of sixty human hearts was performed in the gross anatomy laboratory at the University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC ...


The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann 2017 Bond University

The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

Background

While the clinical benefits of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation are well established, there is extensive variation in the interventions used within these trials. It is unknown whether variations in individual components of these exercise interventions provide different relative contributions to overall clinical outcomes. This study aims to systematically examine the relationship between individual components of the exercise intervention in cardiac rehabilitation (such as intensity and frequency) and clinical outcomes for people with coronary heart disease.

Methods

In this systematic review, eligible trials were identified via searches of databases (PubMed, Allied and Complementary Medicine, EMBASE, PEDro, Science Citation Index Expanded, CINAHL ...


May 2017, SWOSU Bulldog Wellness Committee 2017 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

May 2017, Swosu Bulldog Wellness Committee

SWOSU BULLDOG WELLNESS

No abstract provided.


Heart Pump Modelling: Design Of Pulsatile Flow Phantoms, Olivia Coiado, Kevin Jones, Parker Schibel, Nicolas de Almeida 2017 University of Portland

Heart Pump Modelling: Design Of Pulsatile Flow Phantoms, Olivia Coiado, Kevin Jones, Parker Schibel, Nicolas De Almeida

Biomedical Engineering Western Regional Conference

The purpose of this project is to build a model, which mimics physiological conditions of the human cardiovascular system in order to simulate the parameters of the human heart in vivo. For this project, it was developed a flow phantom with vessel mimicking material, as well as blood-mimicking and tissue-mimicking fluid. Phantoms in general are specifically designed objects involving dedicated biomaterials to simulate special realistic circuits of human beings. To develop the flow phantom, low-priced biomaterials for blood mimicking fluid, tissue mimicking, and vessel mimicking material was researched.

Keywords: Cardiovascular system, heart pump, modelling, pulsatile.


A Rare Case Of Paradoxical Left Sided Endocarditis Through Patent Foramen Ovale., George M. Yousef, Paul I. Okhumale, Haytham Aljoudi, Silvestre Cansino 2017 Marshall University

A Rare Case Of Paradoxical Left Sided Endocarditis Through Patent Foramen Ovale., George M. Yousef, Paul I. Okhumale, Haytham Aljoudi, Silvestre Cansino

Marshall Journal of Medicine

A 36 -year old woman IV drug abuser admitted with Right-Sided Infective Endocarditis (RSIE) as demonstrated by transthoracic echocardiogram. Patient was admitted 8 weeks later with recurrence of symptoms, moreover signs of systemic embolization were noted. Transthoracic and Transesophageal Echocardiograms revealed tricuspid valve vegetation, severe tricuspid regurgitation, left atrial mass, Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO), severely dilated right atrium and prominent Chiari's network. Systemic embolization included brain and Left iliacus abscesses. Patent Foramen ovale is the proposed mechanism leading to extensive systemic embolization in the present case.


Lead Burden As A Factor For Higher Complication Rate In Patients With Implantable Cardiac Devices, Christopher Kolibash, Naoyo Mori, Jasbir Sra, Masood Akhtar, M. Eyman Mortada 2017 Aurora Sinai/Aurora St. Luke’s Medical Centers, Aurora Health Care

Lead Burden As A Factor For Higher Complication Rate In Patients With Implantable Cardiac Devices, Christopher Kolibash, Naoyo Mori, Jasbir Sra, Masood Akhtar, M. Eyman Mortada

Mohammad Mortada, MD, FACC, FHRS

Purpose Lead revisions have increased over the last decade. Patients who do not undergo lead extraction face an increased lead burden. Consequences of increased lead burden have not been fully defined. We sought to characterize the complication rate and outcomes in patients with sterile redundant leads. Methods We retrospectively reviewed 242 consecutive patients [mean age 74 ± 12 years; 66.9% male] who underwent lead revision that resulted in an abandoned lead from January 2005 to June 2010. Patients were placed in a cohort based on number of leads after last recorded procedure (Group A: ≤2 [n=58]; Group B: 3-4 ...


Score Big For Decreasing Mortality: Icd Risk Score Model, Linda Francaviglia, Rachel Petersen, Maria Stone, M. Eyman Mortada 2017 Cardiovascular Data Services, Aurora Health Care

Score Big For Decreasing Mortality: Icd Risk Score Model, Linda Francaviglia, Rachel Petersen, Maria Stone, M. Eyman Mortada

Mohammad Mortada, MD, FACC, FHRS

Background: Aurora Health Care, a system of 14 acute care hospitals in eastern Wisconsin, has been a long-time participant in the American College of Cardiology’s National Cardiovascular Data Registries, submitting data to its ICD Registry™ since 2005. Our system’s implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) procedure volume averages 930 cases annually. During 2012 we experienced an increase in in-hospital mortality/morbidity for ICD cases.

Purpose: A single-center study examining in-hospital mortality/morbidity post-ICD implant before and after changes in practice and patient selection.

Methods: ICD implants and generator changes discharged from January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2012, were included in ...


Novel Roles Of Adhesion G Protein-Coupled Receptors In Cardiovascular Development, Andrew Poggemiller 2017 University of Iowa

Novel Roles Of Adhesion G Protein-Coupled Receptors In Cardiovascular Development, Andrew Poggemiller

University of Iowa Honors Theses

Congenital heart disease is the most common congenital birth defect, affecting 1.35 million newborns every year. Though therapeutic techniques have been developed to assist those afflicted, new issues arise as those that have been treated may have a higher likelihood to pass on their cardiovascular defect to their children. Adhesion G protein-coupled receptors are an increasingly studied member of the G protein-coupled receptor superfamily. aGPCRs have a wide array of molecular mechanisms that it affects; however, their role in the development of organ systems, specifically the cardiovascular system, is the focus of our research. When screening for aGPCRs within ...


Use Of Personalized Patient Heart Diagrams At The Bedside To Improve Quality Of Care, Melissa D. Elliott 2017 Childrens Mercy Hospital

Use Of Personalized Patient Heart Diagrams At The Bedside To Improve Quality Of Care, Melissa D. Elliott

Posters

Title: Use of personalized patient heart diagrams at the bedside to improve quality of care

Background/Introduction: With congenital heart disease no two hearts are exactly the same. Even with the same lesion, the anatomy of the heart can be completely different. In response to a bedside nursing idea following a cardiac arrest, advanced practice nurses (APN) initiated a program to provide personalized cardiac anatomy diagrams at the bedside of every patient on the cardiology service.

Methods: When a cardiac patient is admitted to cardiology floor, the nurse will check the patients chart for an anatomy picture, then will place ...


Mechanical Factors Affecting Heart Morphogenesis, Moshe Fenster 2017 Touro College

Mechanical Factors Affecting Heart Morphogenesis, Moshe Fenster

The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences

For years, the genetic element of heart morphogenesis has been studied. This review focuses on a relatively new area of study, namely, mechanical factors influencing heart morphogenesis. To understand the context of the role of mechanical factors in heart development, an extensive review of the stages of heart morphogenesis is provided. It is found that shear stress, surface tension, fluid forces, and contractions of certain cells play a role in various stages of heart development. Numerous studies have shown that in cases where these mechanical forces were modified, abnormal heart defects were produced. These studies prove that the mechanical forces ...


Functional Alterations Of Ion Channels From Cardiac Fibroblasts In Heart Diseases, Gracious R. Ross, Arshad Jahangir 2016 Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani Center for Integrative Research on Cardiovascular Aging, Aurora Research Institute, Aurora Health Care

Functional Alterations Of Ion Channels From Cardiac Fibroblasts In Heart Diseases, Gracious R. Ross, Arshad Jahangir

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

In an aged population, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of fatality and morbidity. Age-related fibrotic remodeling of the heart contributes to progressive myocardial dysfunction. Cardiac fibroblasts (CF), responsible for the maintenance of extracellular matrix and fibrosis process, play an important role in cardiac health and disease. CFs influence myocardial function by their chemical, electrical and mechanical interactions with cardiomyocytes through extracellular matrix deposition or secretion of cytokines and growth factors. These, in turn, are modulated by ion channels, macromolecular pores in the plasma membrane that allow selective ionic fluxes of major ions like K+, Ca2+, Na+ or Cl ...


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