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What Did We Learn About Vads In 2022?, Maya Guglin 2023 Indiana University

What Did We Learn About Vads In 2022?, Maya Guglin

The VAD Journal

This is our 9th annual literature review on mechanical circulatory support devices. Our previous reports were well received by the readers.

In this paper, we summarized the most interesting and important, from our standpoint, publications from 2022. There may be some slight overlap with the end of 2021 because some papers were published online first, and the year of the publication changed when they became available in print.

For the sixth time, we wrote a section on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) which primarily addresses new developments in veno-arterial ECMO.

Readers who wish to supplement this review, argue with the …


Intercellular Communication Via Gap Junctions Influences Cell Survival During Hypoxia, Lauren E. Harmon, David L. Geenen 2022 Grand Valley State University

Intercellular Communication Via Gap Junctions Influences Cell Survival During Hypoxia, Lauren E. Harmon, David L. Geenen

Student Summer Scholars Manuscripts

Stem cell therapy can be beneficial following myocardial infarction. However, when murine bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (mBM-MSCs) are injected into the ischemic area, a large percentage of these cells undergo apoptosis resulting in decreased therapeutic benefits. We hypothesize that the loss of these mBM-MSCs is regulated by intercellular channels or gap junctions (GJs) that provide apoptotic signals passed between ischemic cardiomyocytes and mBM-MSCs. Our research aims to attenuate these GJs by suppressing Connexin-43 (Cx43) expression, the predominant channel-forming protein. We will accomplish this by transiently transfecting a Cx43 siRNA into mBM-MSCs. Our data demonstrate that intracellular fluorescent dyes and …


Predicting Left Ventricular Assist Device Outcomes Utilizing The Stanford Integrated Psychosocial Assessment For Transplant Measure, Nicholas Chesher, Kristina L. Greenwood, Candace Fanale, Cody Gustaveson, Brian Jaski, Hirsch S. Mehta, Peter Hoagland, Kristine Ortiz, Marc Verlasky, Robert Adamson, Walter Dembitsky 2022 Department of Psychiatry, University of California-San Diego, San Diego, California

Predicting Left Ventricular Assist Device Outcomes Utilizing The Stanford Integrated Psychosocial Assessment For Transplant Measure, Nicholas Chesher, Kristina L. Greenwood, Candace Fanale, Cody Gustaveson, Brian Jaski, Hirsch S. Mehta, Peter Hoagland, Kristine Ortiz, Marc Verlasky, Robert Adamson, Walter Dembitsky

The VAD Journal

Objective: Durable mechanical circulatory support is a proven therapy to extend survival for patients with end-stage heart failure (HF). The International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation guidelines recommend a detailed psychosocial assessment when selecting candidates for durable mechanical circulatory support. Currently, there are no formally validated psychosocial evaluation tools for left ventricular assist device (LVAD) candidacy. The Stanford Integrated Psychosocial Assessment for Transplantation (SIPAT) uses a multidisciplinary algorithm to evaluate the impact of pre-transplant risk factors on post-transplant outcomes. Emerging literature suggests that the SIPAT might be useful for assessing psychosocial risk factors for LVAD outcomes.

Methods: A total …


Left Atrial Veno-Arterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (Lava-Ecmo): Percutaneous Bi-Atrial Drainage To Avoid Pulmonary Edema In A Patient With Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction, Kenneth R. Dulnuan, Joseph B. Zwischenberger, John G. Gurley, Maya Guglin 2022 Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital

Left Atrial Veno-Arterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (Lava-Ecmo): Percutaneous Bi-Atrial Drainage To Avoid Pulmonary Edema In A Patient With Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction, Kenneth R. Dulnuan, Joseph B. Zwischenberger, John G. Gurley, Maya Guglin

The VAD Journal

Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (V-A ECMO) is used in patients with severe cardiogenic shock refractory to medical therapy. During V-A ECMO, retrograde flow in the aorta towards the left ventricle (LV) causes increased left-sided filling pressures, which may lead to pulmonary edema. Different strategies have been proposed to decompress the left heart, including placement of an intraaortic balloon pump (IABP), Impella® (Abiomed), or TandemHeart® (Cardiac Assist). Percutaneous decompression of the left atrium via placement of a transseptal cannula incorporated into the existing venous limb had also been previously done. We describe the novel use of the VFEM venous femoral cannula …


Highlights Of The 2021 Brano Heart Failure Forum, Rajko Radovancevic, Bojan Vrtovec, Igor D. Gregoric 2022 University of Texas Health Science Center

Highlights Of The 2021 Brano Heart Failure Forum, Rajko Radovancevic, Bojan Vrtovec, Igor D. Gregoric

The VAD Journal

Since 2007, the Branislav “Brano” Radovancevic Heart Failure Forum has been held annually to provide a venue for experts to present and discuss “Innovations and New Treatment Strategies in Heart Failure.” Clinicians and researchers gather yearly in a different Eastern European city to discuss the latest in heart failure diagnostics and therapeutics. The forum was postponed in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic and then resumed in September of 2021 in Graz, Austria. It was attended by over 75 faculty from 13 countries. Due to the ongoing pandemic, 13 presentations were given virtually. Throughout the forum, 17 separate sessions focused …


Successful Percutaneous Management Of Lvad Outflow Graft Stenosis: Role Of Invasive Hemodynamics In Decision Making, Tarun Dalia, Amandeep Goyal, Harsh Mehta, Henedine C. Foster, Eric Hockstad, Aaron Rohr, Philip Johnson, Travis Abicht, Bhanu Gupta 2022 University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas

Successful Percutaneous Management Of Lvad Outflow Graft Stenosis: Role Of Invasive Hemodynamics In Decision Making, Tarun Dalia, Amandeep Goyal, Harsh Mehta, Henedine C. Foster, Eric Hockstad, Aaron Rohr, Philip Johnson, Travis Abicht, Bhanu Gupta

The VAD Journal

Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) outflow graft stenosis (OGS) is a rare but lethal complication. We present a case of a 79-year-old male with pertinent past medical history of an LVAD implanted as destination therapy, stage III chronic kidney disease, and hypertension. He was admitted for low-flow alarms, and the echocardiogram showed stable right ventricle function and no pericardial effusion. Invasive hemodynamic assessments demonstrated a peak-to-peak gradient of 90 mm Hg in the outflow graft between the mid and distal ends of the graft on pullback. Contrast angiography confirmed OGS. The OGS was successfully treated with a VBX-covered stent (Gore). …


A Unique Case Of Inflow Cannula Obstruction By A Tissue Membrane, Roopa A. Rao, Kashif Saleem, Bistees George, Maya Guglin 2022 Indiana University

A Unique Case Of Inflow Cannula Obstruction By A Tissue Membrane, Roopa A. Rao, Kashif Saleem, Bistees George, Maya Guglin

The VAD Journal

The use of a left ventricular assist device has increased and is a primary surgical treatment for heart failure. However, one major complication of left ventricular assist device support is an obstruction in the blood flow pathway. Pump thrombosis and outflow graft occlusion are some of the common causes of such obstructions. Here, we describe a unique case of HeartMate II (Abbott Laboratories) inflow cannula obstruction from a membranous structure without evidence of thrombus. The histology showed evidence of fibrous tissue and heart muscle tissue in the membrane. The patient underwent a successful device exchange with a HeartMate 3 (Abbott …


Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump May Attenuate Adverse Hemodynamic Effects Of Negative Intrathoracic Pressure In Cardiogenic Shock, Faris Araj 2022 University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump May Attenuate Adverse Hemodynamic Effects Of Negative Intrathoracic Pressure In Cardiogenic Shock, Faris Araj

The VAD Journal

High negative intrathoracic pressure (NIP), as occurs during obstructive sleep apnea or hiccups, results in adverse hemodynamic consequences, specifically a decrease in left ventricle (LV) performance. These untoward effects can potentially be catastrophic in the case of an already compromised LV in cardiogenic shock. The interplay of intra-aortic balloon pump counter pulsation during abrupt high NIP in cardiogenic shock is described.


Clinical Characteristics And Implications Of Bradycardia In Covid‐19 Patients Treated With Remdesivir: A Single‐Center Retrospective Cohort Study, Ariyon Schreiber, Justin S. Bauzon, Kavita Batra, Salman Mohammed, Kevin Lee, Nazanin Houshmand, Uyen Pham, Celica Cosme, Kim Inciong, Omar Al‑Taweel, Keaton Nasser, Jibran Rana, Chris Sossou, Ariel Go, Dalia Hawwass, Jimmy Diep, Chowdhury H. Ahsan 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Clinical Characteristics And Implications Of Bradycardia In Covid‐19 Patients Treated With Remdesivir: A Single‐Center Retrospective Cohort Study, Ariyon Schreiber, Justin S. Bauzon, Kavita Batra, Salman Mohammed, Kevin Lee, Nazanin Houshmand, Uyen Pham, Celica Cosme, Kim Inciong, Omar Al‑Taweel, Keaton Nasser, Jibran Rana, Chris Sossou, Ariel Go, Dalia Hawwass, Jimmy Diep, Chowdhury H. Ahsan

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Background and Objectives: Remdesivir is an antiviral drug used to treat coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with a relatively obscure cardiac efect profle. Previous studies have reported bradycardia associated with remdesivir, but few have examined its clinical characteristics. The objective of this study was to investigate remdesivir associated bradycardia and its associated clinical characteristics and outcomes. Methods: This is a single-institution retrospective study that investigated bradycardia in 600 patients who received remdesivir for treatment of COVID-19. A total of 375 patients were included in the study after screening for other known causes of bradycardia (atrioventricular [AV] nodal blockers). All patients were …


Rapid Changes In Vascular Compliance Contribute To Cerebrovascular ​Adjustments During Vasovagal Syncope (Vvs), Aleena Sajid 2022 Western University

Rapid Changes In Vascular Compliance Contribute To Cerebrovascular ​Adjustments During Vasovagal Syncope (Vvs), Aleena Sajid

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Background: The rapid reduction in arterial pressure (AP) during VVS is associated with a decline in diastolic cerebral blood velocity (CBV) and maintained systolic CBV. We tested the hypothesis that this response may represent increased cerebrovascular compliance (Ci) in the presence of rapid hypotension.

Methods: AP and CBV were recorded from 14 otherwise healthy patients (34 ± 11 years) at rest and during head-up tilt (80°, 5-28 min). Baseline, mid-tilt, and VVS were analyzed. Individual AP and CBV waveforms were input into a modified Windkessel model to calculate Ci.

Results: Upright posture resulted in a decrease in CBV (-9 ± …


Impact Of Atrial Fibrillation On Outcomes After Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Chandan Buttar, Sofia Lakhdar 2022 Ochsner Clinic Foundation

Impact Of Atrial Fibrillation On Outcomes After Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Chandan Buttar, Sofia Lakhdar

The VAD Journal

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common finding in patients with heart failure and is well-known for its deleterious effects on cardiac function and hemodynamics; however, there are gaps in knowledge regarding the impact of AF on patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs).

Methods: In this study, we searched PubMed/Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases through September 2021 to find articles that assessed the outcomes of AF in patients with LVADs.

Results: A total of 12 studies that underwent systematic review evaluated the outcomes of 7853 adult patients. The meta-analysis analyzed findings from a total of 1003 patients. Pooled …


Heart To Heart, Mom To Mom, Karis L. Tekwani 2022 Advocate Christ Medical Center, Advocate Aurora Health

Heart To Heart, Mom To Mom, Karis L. Tekwani

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

This essay describes the human connection forged between two young moms, one the physician and one the patient, when their paths collided one night in the emergency department of a busy hospital. It describes a challenging and most memorable care experience in the career of a young emergency physician, the clinical outcome, and the patient’s appreciative follow-up message years later.


Pulsatility Is A Predictive Marker Of Improved Cardiac Function In Patients With Liquid Matrix-Treated Left Ventricular Assist Devices, Philemon Mikail, Rinku Skaria, Marvin Slepian, Janny Garcia, Richard Smith, Zain Khalpey 2022 University of Arizona

Pulsatility Is A Predictive Marker Of Improved Cardiac Function In Patients With Liquid Matrix-Treated Left Ventricular Assist Devices, Philemon Mikail, Rinku Skaria, Marvin Slepian, Janny Garcia, Richard Smith, Zain Khalpey

The VAD Journal

Objective: Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are utilized as a bridge to transplant or as destination therapy for patients with end-stage heart failure. Although cardiac offloading from these devices rarely leads to complete remodeling and functional recovery, the use of mesenchymal cells to modulate heart failure has been explored in recent years due to its intrinsic regenerative properties. Current methods of evaluating cardiac function have too much variability, difficulty of access, or require too frequent follow up to create universal weaning protocols. We hypothesized that the administration of amniotic allograft liquid matrix (LM) containing amnion-derived mesenchymal stem cells (aMSCs) in …


Perioperative Risks Of The Patient With Heart Failure, Gabrielle Metoyer 2022 Otterbein University

Perioperative Risks Of The Patient With Heart Failure, Gabrielle Metoyer

Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)

Perioperative Risks of the Patient with Heart Failure

Gabrielle Metoyer

Department of Nursing, Otterbein University

NURS 6810 – Advanced Pathophysiology

Dr. Deanna Batross and Dr. Shivani Bhatnagar

August 5, 2022

Abstract

According to the CDC (2020), heart failure occurs when the heart cannot pump enough blood and oxygen to support other organs in your body. Heart failure is an epidemic disease affecting 1-2% of the population worldwide (Schwinger, 2020). It is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide with an estimated 6.5 million adults with heart failure in the United States (Lo et al., 2021). Medical advances …


Pathophysiology Of Aortic Stenosis, Melissa Lee 2022 Otterbein University

Pathophysiology Of Aortic Stenosis, Melissa Lee

Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)

Pathophysiology of Aortic Stenosis

Melissa J. Lee

Department of Nursing, Otterbein University

NURS 6810: Advanced Pathophysiology for the Advanced Practice Nurse

Dr. Deana Batross & Dr. Shivani Bhatnagar

July 29, 2022

Pathophysiology of Aortic Stenosis

Proper evaluation of co-morbidities is imperative for patient safety and successful outcomes for patients undergoing anesthesia. Aortic stenosis (AS) is one of the most complex diseases encountered in anesthesia, affecting five percent of older adults and ten percent of the 80-89-year-old-cohort (Joseph et al., 2017). The pathophysiological development of AS is the end result of an inflammatory process caused by endothelial damage from mechanical stress, …


Fondaparinux As An Alternative Anticoagulant Treatment In Patients With Left Ventricular Assist Devices And Recurrent Gastrointestinal Bleeding: Case Series, Daniela Piani, Andrea Lechiancole, Massimo Maiani, Igor Vendramin, Sandro Sponga, Elisabetta Auci, Ugolino Livi 2022 Cardiothoracic Department, University Hospital, Udine, Italy

Fondaparinux As An Alternative Anticoagulant Treatment In Patients With Left Ventricular Assist Devices And Recurrent Gastrointestinal Bleeding: Case Series, Daniela Piani, Andrea Lechiancole, Massimo Maiani, Igor Vendramin, Sandro Sponga, Elisabetta Auci, Ugolino Livi

The VAD Journal

Gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) can occur in patients after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. In cases of recurrent GIB, the management of anticoagulation treatment represents a challenging situation in which the risk of bleeding recurrence and the need for long-term anticoagulation must be balanced. This case series describes the successful management of anticoagulation in three patients with recurrent GIB using fondaparinux.

To our knowledge, these are the first reported cases of recurrent GIB in which a single dose of subcutaneous fondaparinux was used instead of oral anticoagulation. None of the patients presented with signs of pump thrombosis or arterial embolism. …


My Journey With The Heartware Ventricular Assist Device- An Obituary, Georg M. Wieselthaler 2022 The Texas Medical Center Library

My Journey With The Heartware Ventricular Assist Device- An Obituary, Georg M. Wieselthaler

The VAD Journal

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The Influence Of Demographic, Social, And Economic Factors On Referral For Heart Failure Services, Catherine Elaine Kelty 2022 Western Michigan University

The Influence Of Demographic, Social, And Economic Factors On Referral For Heart Failure Services, Catherine Elaine Kelty

Dissertations

Patients with end-stage advanced heart failure must go through an extensive evaluation process before being selected for either heart transplantation or left ventricular assist device (LVAD). This evaluation not only assesses a patient’s medical need for advanced heart failure treatments but also includes an assessment of psychosocial and economic factors that may affect a patient’s success post-treatment. While it is important to allocate scarce resources, such as donated organs, to the patients who will benefit the most, there is also a need for equity in the allocation of and access to healthcare services. This raises the question of whether patients …


Fortuitous Diagnosis Of Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return In A Newborn With Hypoglycemia, Joseph Maes, Terence Zach 2022 Creighton University

Fortuitous Diagnosis Of Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return In A Newborn With Hypoglycemia, Joseph Maes, Terence Zach

Child Health Research Institute Pediatric Research Forum

No abstract provided.


Diaphragmatic Adjacencies: Pulmonary Embolism Presenting As Abdominal Pain, Joseph Piraneo, Christopher Schwartz, Russell Mordecai 2022 Rowan University/Jefferson Health

Diaphragmatic Adjacencies: Pulmonary Embolism Presenting As Abdominal Pain, Joseph Piraneo, Christopher Schwartz, Russell Mordecai

Stratford Campus Research Day

Pulmonary embolism is a common yet potentially life-threatening diagnosis that should not be missed in the Emergency Department. Common presenting symptoms include dyspnea, pleuritic chest pain, cough, hemoptysis, syncope or pre-syncope. Less often, however, presenting symptoms can include abdominal pain. A clinician should recognize that pain adjacent to the diaphragm (including the lower chest and upper abdomen), can be secondary to underlying pathology either above or below the diaphragm. Here we describe an unusual case of pleuritic, post-prandial, right upper quadrant abdominal pain that was a result of pulmonary embolism.


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