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Identification Of New Genes In Congenital Heart Defects, Naomi Siddiquee 2018 University of Georgia

Identification Of New Genes In Congenital Heart Defects, Naomi Siddiquee

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is the most common form of cyanotic congenital heart disease, occurring in 1 in 3000 live births. TOF is a combination of four heart defects that affect normal blood flow. Shone’s Syndrome is another rare congenital heart disease consisting of left-sided obstructive heart lesions. Although the diagnosis of both diseases is confirmed by clinical evaluation and physical examination, their pathogenesis is unknown. This research aimed to identify and characterize new genetic variants in hereditary cardiac diseases, specifically Tetralogy of Fallot and Shone’s Syndrome. Exome sequencing identified 20 nucleotide variants in different genes among TOF ...


Effects Of Reproductive Period Duration And Number Of Pregnancies On Midlife Ecg Indices: A Secondary Analysis From The Women's Health Initiative Clinical Trial, Nisha I. Parikh, Kristopher Kapphahn, Haley Hedlin, Jeffrey E. Olgin, Matthew A. Allison, Jared W. Magnani, Kelli R. Ryckman, Molly E. Waring, Marco Valentin Perez, Barbara V. Howard 2018 University of California, San Francisco

Effects Of Reproductive Period Duration And Number Of Pregnancies On Midlife Ecg Indices: A Secondary Analysis From The Women's Health Initiative Clinical Trial, Nisha I. Parikh, Kristopher Kapphahn, Haley Hedlin, Jeffrey E. Olgin, Matthew A. Allison, Jared W. Magnani, Kelli R. Ryckman, Molly E. Waring, Marco Valentin Perez, Barbara V. Howard

Open Access Articles

OBJECTIVES: Pregnancy, menses and menopause are related to fluctuations in endogenous sex hormones in women, which cumulatively may alter cardiac electrical conduction. Therefore, we sought to study the association between number of pregnancies and reproductive period duration (RD, time from menarche to menopause) with ECG intervals in the Women's Health Initiative Clinical Trials.

DESIGN: Secondary analysis of multicentre clinical trial.

SETTING: USA.

PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: ECGintervals: PR interval, P-wave duration, P-wave dispersion, QTc interval.

PARTICIPANTS: n=40 687 women (mean age=62 years) participating in the Women's Health Initiative Clinical Trials. 82.5% were white, 9.3% black ...


Identifying The 5’End Of The Camta1 Genes In Zebrafish, Morgan Fronk 2018 Brigham Young University

Identifying The 5’End Of The Camta1 Genes In Zebrafish, Morgan Fronk

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Congenital heart diseases (CHDs) are a significant cause of infant death and are frequently caused by mutations in transcription factors. Camta1 (calmodulin binding transcription activator 1) is a transcription factor that has been proposed as a modulator in embryonic heart development and a possible cause of CHDs. The only other known member of its family in vertebrates is involved in activating a hypertrophy gene program in adult heart failure. Unlike camta2, camta1 is expressed in the embryonic heart during heart looping. However, few studies have been done on camta1. In zebrafish, there are two camta1 ohnologs (homologs created through a ...


Superficial Ulnar Artery With High Bifurcation Of The Brachial Artery And Its Clinical Significance, Jacob Sieger OMS-2, Lajja Patel OMS-2, Emily Parker OMS-2, Max Sheng OMS-2, Kabir Sheikh OMS-2, Sumathilatha Sakthi Velavan MBBS, DGO, MS 2018 Marian University - Indianapolis

Superficial Ulnar Artery With High Bifurcation Of The Brachial Artery And Its Clinical Significance, Jacob Sieger Oms-2, Lajja Patel Oms-2, Emily Parker Oms-2, Max Sheng Oms-2, Kabir Sheikh Oms-2, Sumathilatha Sakthi Velavan Mbbs, Dgo, Ms

Student Publications and Research

Although the variations in brachial artery branching patterns are commonly observed, only 3.75% exhibit a high ulnar artery variation1. An even fewer number present with a bilateral superficial ulnar artery, as was reported by Fadel and Amonoo-Kuofi2. The compounding variations of a high bifurcation of the brachial artery and a superficial ulnar artery may be asymptomatic, but demonstrate important clinical significance in relation to accidental intra-arterial injections, errors in blood pressure readings, as well as orthopedic, plastic and vascular surgeries of the upper limbs1. This study aims to expand upon previous literature and provide additional insight to the field ...


Varicosities Affecting The Lower Limb Veins Consequent To A Unique Variant Drainage Pattern Of The Small Saphenous Vein, Shauna Mary Rice, Elke Sarah Schipani, Ana Maleesa Rae Santos, Katherine Anais Sadaniantz, Prithwijit Roychowdhury, Eustathia Lela Giannaris, Manas Das 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Varicosities Affecting The Lower Limb Veins Consequent To A Unique Variant Drainage Pattern Of The Small Saphenous Vein, Shauna Mary Rice, Elke Sarah Schipani, Ana Maleesa Rae Santos, Katherine Anais Sadaniantz, Prithwijit Roychowdhury, Eustathia Lela Giannaris, Manas Das

Radiology Publications and Presentations

We report varicosities affecting the right deep femoral vein and the right femoral vein consequent to a unique unilateral variation in the course of the small saphenous vein. The right small saphenous vein, instead of draining into the popliteal vein at the popliteal fossa, expanded considerably in girth and thickness and continued as the deep femoral vein. The deep femoral vein then pierced the adductor magnus muscle, appeared in the anterior compartment, and joined the femoral vein. Four centimeters distal to this junction, a two-centimeter long varicosity in the deep femoral vein was noted. There was also a one-centimeter long ...


In-Vitro Simulation Of Acute Ischemic Stroke, Paolo Garcia 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

In-Vitro Simulation Of Acute Ischemic Stroke, Paolo Garcia

Biomedical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is a condition that involves the occlusion of a blood vessel within the brain, effectively preventing the passage of oxygen and nutrients. AIS is highly prevalent in the United States, where nearly 795,000 strokes happen per year and 87% of those are ischemic. From a medical standpoint, the obstructing clot can be removed with the use of a stroke retrieval device. However, a need arises for testing the aforementioned devices on a patient’s specific vascular geometries in order to increase the likelihood of a successful procedure. Outlined is a process for developing a physical ...


Problems Experienced In The First Month After Discharge From A Heart Failure-Related Hospitalization, Joan S. Grant, Lucinda J. Graven, Kelly Fuller 2018 University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Nursing

Problems Experienced In The First Month After Discharge From A Heart Failure-Related Hospitalization, Joan S. Grant, Lucinda J. Graven, Kelly Fuller

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Heart failure is a global health concern with high morbidity and mortality rates. Individuals with heart failure commonly experience problems that impact daily life. However, little is known regarding which problems are most significant during the immediate posthospitalization period. Thus, the purpose of this study was to identify high-priority problems experienced by individuals the first month after discharge from an acute care facility with a diagnosis of heart failure.

Methods: This descriptive, exploratory study was part of a 12-week randomized controlled pilot study that examined the efficacy of a coping partnership intervention (COPE-HF Partnership) between a trained research nurse ...


The Effects Of Heart Medication On The Heart Rates Of Drosophila Melanogaster, Felicia A. Baer 2018 Olivet Nazarene University

The Effects Of Heart Medication On The Heart Rates Of Drosophila Melanogaster, Felicia A. Baer

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Background

Current models of human cardiac disease may be similar in anatomy and physiology, but are often expensive and tedious to work with. The current need is for a model organism that is more efficient to work with in lab while still an accurate model of human cardiac disease, of which Drosophila melanogaster (D. mel) is a candidate as it is a more efficient organism to work with in lab. To test whether D. mel could be used as a model for human cardiac disease, the medications atropine and propranolol hydrochloride were used. I hypothesized that atropine and propranolol hydrochloride ...


Comparing Cardiac Dynamics Between Neonatal And Adult Rats, Luther Swift, Rafael Jaimes, Morgan Burke, J Hiebert, Nikki G. Posnack 2018 George Washington University

Comparing Cardiac Dynamics Between Neonatal And Adult Rats, Luther Swift, Rafael Jaimes, Morgan Burke, J Hiebert, Nikki G. Posnack

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Background:

Cardiovascular physiology studies have been largely limited to adult models; yet, significant developmental differences exist between the immature and adult heart. The field of pediatric research has largely been limited to immortalized cardiomyocyte cell lines, which lack physiologically relevant action potentials, and primary neonatal myocytes that have a limited life span and lack physiologically relevant automaticity. As a result, our understanding of developmental changes in ion channel expression, t-tubule development, and excitation-contraction coupling have been deduced from 2D simplified cell models. To fully understand cardiac development from neonate to adult, a physiologically-relevant 3D whole heart model is needed to ...


Risk Stratification For Bleeding Complications In Patients With Venous Thromboembolism: Application Of The Has-Bled Bleeding Score During The First 6 Months Of Anticoagulant Treatment, Joshua D. Brown, Amie J. Goodin, Gregory Y. H. Lip, Val R. Adams 2018 University of Florida

Risk Stratification For Bleeding Complications In Patients With Venous Thromboembolism: Application Of The Has-Bled Bleeding Score During The First 6 Months Of Anticoagulant Treatment, Joshua D. Brown, Amie J. Goodin, Gregory Y. H. Lip, Val R. Adams

Pharmacy Practice and Science Faculty Publications

Background—The Hypertension, Abnormal renal/liver function, Stroke, Bleeding, Labile International Normalized Ratio (INR), Elderly, Drugs or alcohol use (HAS-BLED) score has strong predictive validity for major bleeding complications, but limited validation has been conducted in venous thromboembolism (VTE). This study evaluates the HAS-BLED score in a large cohort of VTE patients.

Methods and Results—A retrospective cohort of adults ≥ 18 years with primary diagnosis of VTE between January 1, 2010 and November 31, 2013 were identified in an insurance claims database. Patients were tracked until death, any bleed event, or end of study period. HAS-BLED score and components were ...


A Rare Case Of Paradoxical Left Sided Endocarditis Through Patent Foramen Ovale., George M. Yousef, Paul I. Okhumale, Haytham Aljoudi, Silvestre Cansino 2018 Marshall University

A Rare Case Of Paradoxical Left Sided Endocarditis Through Patent Foramen Ovale., George M. Yousef, Paul I. Okhumale, Haytham Aljoudi, Silvestre Cansino

Silvestre P. Cansino

A 36 -year old woman IV drug abuser admitted with Right-Sided Infective Endocarditis (RSIE) as demonstrated by transthoracic echocardiogram. Patient was admitted 8 weeks later with recurrence of symptoms, moreover signs of systemic embolization were noted. Transthoracic and Transesophageal Echocardiograms revealed tricuspid valve vegetation, severe tricuspid regurgitation, left atrial mass, Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO), severely dilated right atrium and prominent Chiari's network. Systemic embolization included brain and Left iliacus abscesses. Patent Foramen ovale is the proposed mechanism leading to extensive systemic embolization in the present case.


A Rare Case Of Paradoxical Left Sided Endocarditis Through Patent Foramen Ovale., George M. Yousef, Paul I. Okhumale, Haytham Aljoudi, Silvestre Cansino 2018 Marshall University

A Rare Case Of Paradoxical Left Sided Endocarditis Through Patent Foramen Ovale., George M. Yousef, Paul I. Okhumale, Haytham Aljoudi, Silvestre Cansino

George M. Yousef

A 36 -year old woman IV drug abuser admitted with Right-Sided Infective Endocarditis (RSIE) as demonstrated by transthoracic echocardiogram. Patient was admitted 8 weeks later with recurrence of symptoms, moreover signs of systemic embolization were noted. Transthoracic and Transesophageal Echocardiograms revealed tricuspid valve vegetation, severe tricuspid regurgitation, left atrial mass, Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO), severely dilated right atrium and prominent Chiari's network. Systemic embolization included brain and Left iliacus abscesses. Patent Foramen ovale is the proposed mechanism leading to extensive systemic embolization in the present case.


Adropin: An Endocrine Link Between The Biological Clock And Cholesterol Homeostasis, Sarbani Ghoshal, Joseph R. Stevens, Cyrielle Billon, Clemence Girardet, Sadichha Sitaula, Arthur S. Leon, D.C. Rao, James S. Skinner, Tuomo Rankinen, Claude Bouchard, Marinelle V. Nuñez, Kimber L. Stanhope, Deborah A. Howatt, Alan Daugherty, Jinsong Zhang, Matthew Schuelke, Edward P. Weiss, Alisha R. Coffey, Brian J. Bennett, Praveen Sethupathy, Thomas P. Burris, Peter J. Havel, Andrew A. Butler 2018 Saint Louis University

Adropin: An Endocrine Link Between The Biological Clock And Cholesterol Homeostasis, Sarbani Ghoshal, Joseph R. Stevens, Cyrielle Billon, Clemence Girardet, Sadichha Sitaula, Arthur S. Leon, D.C. Rao, James S. Skinner, Tuomo Rankinen, Claude Bouchard, Marinelle V. Nuñez, Kimber L. Stanhope, Deborah A. Howatt, Alan Daugherty, Jinsong Zhang, Matthew Schuelke, Edward P. Weiss, Alisha R. Coffey, Brian J. Bennett, Praveen Sethupathy, Thomas P. Burris, Peter J. Havel, Andrew A. Butler

Physiology Faculty Publications

Objective

Identify determinants of plasma adropin concentrations, a secreted peptide translated from the Energy Homeostasis Associated (ENHO) gene linked to metabolic control and vascular function.

Methods

Associations between plasma adropin concentrations, demographics (sex, age, BMI) and circulating biomarkers of lipid and glucose metabolism were assessed in plasma obtained after an overnight fast in humans. The regulation of adropin expression was then assessed in silico, in cultured human cells, and in animal models.

Results

In humans, plasma adropin concentrations are inversely related to atherogenic LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels in men (n = 349), but not in women (n = 401). Analysis of hepatic Enho ...


Cognitive Impairment And Risk Of All-Cause And Cardiovascular Disease Mortality Over 20-Year Follow-Up: Results From The Blsa, Ji An, Haibin Li, Zhe Tang, Deqiang Zheng, Jin Guo, Yue Liu, Wei Feng, Xia Li, Anxin Wang, Xiangtong Liu, Lixin Tao, Chengbei Hou, Feng Zhang, Xinghua Yang, Qi Gao, Wei Wang, Xiuhua Guo, Yanxia Luo 2018 Edith Cowan University

Cognitive Impairment And Risk Of All-Cause And Cardiovascular Disease Mortality Over 20-Year Follow-Up: Results From The Blsa, Ji An, Haibin Li, Zhe Tang, Deqiang Zheng, Jin Guo, Yue Liu, Wei Feng, Xia Li, Anxin Wang, Xiangtong Liu, Lixin Tao, Chengbei Hou, Feng Zhang, Xinghua Yang, Qi Gao, Wei Wang, Xiuhua Guo, Yanxia Luo

ECU Publications Post 2013

Background-Cognitive impairment may increase the risk of all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. This study examined the association between cognitive function and risk of all-cause and CVD mortality among the elderly in Beijing, China. Methods and Results-A total of 1996 participants aged ≥55 years at baseline were enrolled from the BLSA (Beijing Longitudinal Study of Aging). Cognitive function was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and participants were categorized as:


Sedentary Time And The Cumulative Risk Of Preserved And Reduced Ejection Fraction Heart Failure: From The Multi-Ethnic Study Of Atherosclerosis, Brandi Scot Rariden 2018 University of North Florida

Sedentary Time And The Cumulative Risk Of Preserved And Reduced Ejection Fraction Heart Failure: From The Multi-Ethnic Study Of Atherosclerosis, Brandi Scot Rariden

UNF Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between self-reported sedentary time (ST) and the cumulative risk of preserved ejection fraction heart failure (HFpEF) and reduced ejection fraction heart failure (HFrEF) using a diverse cohort of U.S. adults 45-84 years of age.

Methods: Using data from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA), we identified 6,814 subjects (52.9% female). All were free of baseline cardiovascular disease. Cox regression was used to calculate the hazard ratios (HR) associated with baseline ST and risk of overall heart failure (HF), HFpEF, and HFrEF. Weekly self-reported ST was ...


Radial And Longitudinal Motion Of The Arterial Wall: Their Relation To Pulsatile Pressure And Flow In The Artery, Dan Wang, Linda Vahala, Zhili Hao 2018 Old Dominion University

Radial And Longitudinal Motion Of The Arterial Wall: Their Relation To Pulsatile Pressure And Flow In The Artery, Dan Wang, Linda Vahala, Zhili Hao

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

The aim of this paper is to analyze the radial and longitudinal motion of the arterial wall in the context of pulsatile pressure and flow, and to understand their physiological implications for the cardiovascular system. A reexamination of the well-established one-dimensional governing equations for axial blood flow in the artery and the constitutive equation for the radial dilation of the arterial wall shows that two waves—a pulsatile pressure wave in the artery and a radial displacement wave in the arterial wall—propagate simultaneously along the arterial tree with the same propagation velocity, explaining why this velocity combines the physical ...


Association Between Left Ventricular Mechanics And Diffuse Myocardial Fibrosis In Patients With Repaired Tetralogy Of Fallot: A Cross-Sectional Study, Christopher M. Haggerty, Jonathan D. Suever, Arichanah Pulenthiran, Abba Mejia-Spiegeler, Gregory J. Wehner, Linyuan Jing, Richard J. Charnigo, Brandon K. Fornwalt, Mark A. Fogel 2017 Geisinger

Association Between Left Ventricular Mechanics And Diffuse Myocardial Fibrosis In Patients With Repaired Tetralogy Of Fallot: A Cross-Sectional Study, Christopher M. Haggerty, Jonathan D. Suever, Arichanah Pulenthiran, Abba Mejia-Spiegeler, Gregory J. Wehner, Linyuan Jing, Richard J. Charnigo, Brandon K. Fornwalt, Mark A. Fogel

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Publications

Background: Patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) have progressive, adverse biventricular remodeling, leading to abnormal contractile mechanics. Defining the mechanisms underlying this dysfunction, such as diffuse myocardial fibrosis, may provide insights into poor long-term outcomes. We hypothesized that left ventricular (LV) diffuse fibrosis is related to impaired LV mechanics.

Methods: Patients with TOF were evaluated with cardiac magnetic resonance in which modified Look-Locker (MOLLI) T1-mapping and spiral cine Displacement encoding (DENSE) sequences were acquired at three LV short-axis positions. Linear mixed modeling was used to define the association between regional LV mechanics from DENSE based on regional T1-derived diffuse ...


Ambulatory Systolic Blood Pressure And Obesity Are Independently Associated With Left Ventricular Hypertrophic Remodeling In Children, Linyuan Jing, Christopher D. Nevius, Cassi M. Friday, Jonathan D. Suever, Arichanah Pulenthiran, Abba Mejia-Spiegeler, H. Lester Kirchner, William J. Cochran, Gregory J. Wehner, Aftab S. Chishti, Christopher M. Haggerty, Brandon K. Fornwalt 2017 Geisinger

Ambulatory Systolic Blood Pressure And Obesity Are Independently Associated With Left Ventricular Hypertrophic Remodeling In Children, Linyuan Jing, Christopher D. Nevius, Cassi M. Friday, Jonathan D. Suever, Arichanah Pulenthiran, Abba Mejia-Spiegeler, H. Lester Kirchner, William J. Cochran, Gregory J. Wehner, Aftab S. Chishti, Christopher M. Haggerty, Brandon K. Fornwalt

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Publications

Background: Children with obesity have hypertrophic cardiac remodeling. Hypertension is common in pediatric obesity, and may independently contribute to hypertrophy. We hypothesized that both the degree of obesity and ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) would independently associate with measures of hypertrophic cardiac remodeling in children.

Methods: Children, aged 8–17 years, prospectively underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and ABP monitoring. Left ventricular (LV) mass indexed to height2.7(LVMI), myocardial thickness and end-diastolic volume were quantified from a 3D LV model reconstructed from cine balanced steady state free precession images. Categories of remodeling were determined based on cutoff values for ...


Assessment Of Chronic Disease To Determine Appropriateness Of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Therapy, Bilal M. Omery, Maharaj Singh, Randy S. Turkel, Robyn Shearer, Arshad Jahangir, M. Eyman Mortada, Jasbir S. Sra, Indrajit Choudhuri 2017 Aurora Cardiovascular Services

Assessment Of Chronic Disease To Determine Appropriateness Of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Therapy, Bilal M. Omery, Maharaj Singh, Randy S. Turkel, Robyn Shearer, Arshad Jahangir, M. Eyman Mortada, Jasbir S. Sra, Indrajit Choudhuri

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy is considered appropriate when a patient is felt to have a reasonable expectation of 1-year survival. Chronic diseases have been estimated to be associated with greater than 10% annual mortality and may reduce benefits of ICD therapy. Frailty has been estimated to be associated with greater than 20% annual mortality and has been suggested to contraindicate ICD therapy.

Purpose: Determine a risk score that may identify patients in whom ICD implantation may not be appropriate.

Methods: Patients who received an ICD for primary and secondary prevention from 2008 through 2013 at the Aurora Health Care ...


Mechanisms Of Left Ventricular Thrombus Formation In Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction: Novel Insights From Two-Dimensional Speckle Tracking Echocardiography, Dhruv Chawla, Tracy Hammonds, Tadele Mengesha, Matt Umland, Khawaja Afzal Ammar, Vinay Thohan 2017 Aurora Cardiovascular Services

Mechanisms Of Left Ventricular Thrombus Formation In Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction: Novel Insights From Two-Dimensional Speckle Tracking Echocardiography, Dhruv Chawla, Tracy Hammonds, Tadele Mengesha, Matt Umland, Khawaja Afzal Ammar, Vinay Thohan

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Patients suffering from heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) are at increased risk for left ventricular (LV) thrombus and subsequent thromboembolism, yet anticoagulation is not routinely recommended for left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) alone. We sought to determine the role of two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) to quantify regional changes in cardiac function associated with LV thrombus, which may prospectively guide anticoagulation.

Purpose: Help enable cardiovascular clinicians to use 2D-STE to evaluate regional strain patterns among patients with HFrEF with and without LV thrombus. Our results suggest that statistically lower regional longitudinal strain patterns in a well-matched cohort ...


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