Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Musculoskeletal System Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

606 Full-Text Articles 1,503 Authors 184,510 Downloads 106 Institutions

All Articles in Musculoskeletal System

Faceted Search

606 full-text articles. Page 1 of 29.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Hybrid Remnant Preservation Reconstruction Demonstrates Similar Outcomes As Traditional Reconstruction After 6 Months: A Randomized Control Trial, Joshua P. Castle, Eleftherios L. Halkias, Brittaney Pratt, Ashley Frei, Matthew A. Gasparro, Vasilios Moutzouros 2024 Henry Ford Health

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Hybrid Remnant Preservation Reconstruction Demonstrates Similar Outcomes As Traditional Reconstruction After 6 Months: A Randomized Control Trial, Joshua P. Castle, Eleftherios L. Halkias, Brittaney Pratt, Ashley Frei, Matthew A. Gasparro, Vasilios Moutzouros

Medical Student Research Symposium

Background

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is often debrided during reconstruction (ACLR) to improve visualization. However, remnant ACL tissue contains nerve fibers and including remnant tissue in ACLR could provide benefit. Therefore, a technique was developed that preserves the tibial remnant and incorporates it into ACLR: Hybrid Remnant Preservation Reconstruction (HRPR) ACLR. This study compares HRPR-ACLR to traditional reconstruction by comparing patient reported outcomes and complications.

Methods

Patients presenting to one surgeon's clinic with an ACL injury are screened. Exclusion criteria are patient age<14 years, multi-ligament injury, chronic tears, and revision ACLR. Patients are consented and randomized to HRPR or traditional ACLR. Demographics, patient-reported outcomes, range of motion (ROM) and complications were collected.

Results

Thirty-three patients were included, 20 HRPR and 13 controls. No demographic differences were noted. PROMIS-PF, …


An Emg Study To Evaluate Chewing Efficiency And Maximum Voluntary Clenching (Mvc) For Different Malocclusion Groups Before And During Orthodontic Treatment, Vivek Reddy 2024 Manipal Academy of Higher Education

An Emg Study To Evaluate Chewing Efficiency And Maximum Voluntary Clenching (Mvc) For Different Malocclusion Groups Before And During Orthodontic Treatment, Vivek Reddy

Annual Research Symposium

The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of chewing and maximum voluntary clenching (MVC) of patients with different malocclusion types by measuring the EMG activity in the masseter and temporalis muscles before and during orthodontic treatment.


Overlooked Dental Disease In Cbct Imaging And The Impact Of Oral Radiologist Interpretation, Jared Fausnaught 2024 Roseman University of Health Sciences

Overlooked Dental Disease In Cbct Imaging And The Impact Of Oral Radiologist Interpretation, Jared Fausnaught

Annual Research Symposium

This study aims to underscore the necessity for a comprehensive interpretation of Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) volume images obtained by dentists. The research demonstrates and quantifies potentially overlooked dental pathology, categorizing incidental findings into three groups: 1) requiring some form of treatment or follow-up, 2) necessitating follow-up (monitoring) only, and 3) demanding no further treatment or follow-up.


Actin Depolymerization Of Tenocytes Promotes A Tendinosis-Like Gene Expression, Kameron Inguito, BA, Valerie West, Karl Matthew Ebron, Justin Parreno, PhD 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Actin Depolymerization Of Tenocytes Promotes A Tendinosis-Like Gene Expression, Kameron Inguito, Ba, Valerie West, Karl Matthew Ebron, Justin Parreno, Phd

Alpha Omega Alpha Research Symposium Posters

Optimal cellular mechanotransduction is essential for tendon matrix homeostasis. We recently developed an in vivo rat model of tendinosis, where the plantaris tendon are overloaded through ablation of the synergistic Achilles tendon. Using this model we determined that tissue overload disrupts matrix-cell interactions, which results in under-stimulation of tendon cells (tenocytes) (Fig.1)

Using an ex vivo model of tendon stress deprivation by maintaining tail tendon fascicles in floating culture we showed that tenocyte under-stimulation results in destabilization of filamentous (F-)actin (Fig.2). F-actin destabilization coincides with tendinosis-like gene expression: downregulation of tenogenic genes (Col1, Tnc, asma, Scx), upregulation of chondrogenic (Acan, …


Sex Differences In The Effects Of Cortisol On Muscle Characteristics: A Meta-Analysis, Natalie Bitetti 2024 Claremont Colleges

Sex Differences In The Effects Of Cortisol On Muscle Characteristics: A Meta-Analysis, Natalie Bitetti

CMC Senior Theses

Background: Cortisol plays a central role in both muscle breakdown and growth. These effects are highly dependent on dose and interactions with other hormones. It is known that men and women show considerable differences in their muscle structure and physiology, which are largely driven by hormonal differences. Cortisol release patterns may also vary between the sexes, with current research showing considerable disagreement. The interplay between cortisol and muscle, two highly variable and sexually dimorphic factors, may prove to have different effects in males versus females.

Objective: This meta-analysis integrates existing research on sex differences in cortisol-muscle physiology with existing research …


First-Generation Cephalosporins For Treatment Of Acute Hematogenous Osteomyelitis In Children: A Study Of Efficacy And Adverse Effects, Lisa Hiskey, Hiba Saifuddin, Emily R. Levy, Roland Hentz, Nipunie S. Rajapakse, Laura M. Dinnes, Elizabeth H. Ristagno 2023 Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN

First-Generation Cephalosporins For Treatment Of Acute Hematogenous Osteomyelitis In Children: A Study Of Efficacy And Adverse Effects, Lisa Hiskey, Hiba Saifuddin, Emily R. Levy, Roland Hentz, Nipunie S. Rajapakse, Laura M. Dinnes, Elizabeth H. Ristagno

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Acute hematogenous osteomyelitis (AHO) is a relatively infrequent but significant infection in pediatric patients. As is the most common cause of AHO, intravenous and oral first-generation cephalosporins are common therapies. Cephalexin is a commonly prescribed oral therapy for pediatric AHO, although it requires frequent dosing that may affect adherence. Cefadroxil is a comparable oral first-generation cephalosporin with a more desirable dosing schedule. METHODS: We reviewed pediatric patients admitted to Mayo Clinic between March 2002 and September 2020 for management of AHO who received treatment with a first-generation cephalosporin. We reviewed timing of oral therapy transition, therapy-associated adverse effects, and …


Preoperative Computed Tomography Scan In Distal Radius Fractures And The Effect On Preoperative Planning, Adam L. Haydel, Ryan C. Roubion, Cristina T. Graphia, Corinne E. Cloud, Claudia Leonardi, Christopher E. Marrero 2023 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans

Preoperative Computed Tomography Scan In Distal Radius Fractures And The Effect On Preoperative Planning, Adam L. Haydel, Ryan C. Roubion, Cristina T. Graphia, Corinne E. Cloud, Claudia Leonardi, Christopher E. Marrero

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Purpose: It is unclear whether computed tomography (CT) scans alter the surgical plan when ordered before surgery for fixation of intra-articular distal radius fractures (DRFs). The purpose of this study was to determine whether a preoperative CT scan alters the planned approach (PA) or planned fixation strategy (PFS) for open reduction internal fixation of intra-articular DRFs. Methods: Radiology records were retrospectively reviewed by one trauma surgeon and two hand surgeons for 33 intra-articular DRFs that met the inclusion criteria and previously underwent open reduction internal fixation. Surgeons were initially provided only preoperative radiographs; they were asked for their PA and …


Is There Room For Individual Patient-Specified Preferences In The Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Revolution?, Leif I. Solberg, Jeanette Y. Ziegenfuss, Rachael L. Rivard, Christine K. Norton, Robin R. Whitebird, Glyn Elwyn, Mark Swiontkowski 2023 HealthPartners Institute

Is There Room For Individual Patient-Specified Preferences In The Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Revolution?, Leif I. Solberg, Jeanette Y. Ziegenfuss, Rachael L. Rivard, Christine K. Norton, Robin R. Whitebird, Glyn Elwyn, Mark Swiontkowski

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: The study aim was to test the feasibility of collecting qualitative patient-preferred outcomes or goals and the degree of their attainment as an addition to a standardized process for collecting quantitative composite patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) from patients undergoing knee joint replacement..

Methods: Patients of a large Midwestern medical group scheduled to have total replacement of their knee joint have been asked to complete a PROMs survey preoperatively and at 3 and 12 months after surgery since 2014. In March 2020, an open-ended question about their most important preferred outcome was added to the existing questionnaire. The responses for …


Botulinum Toxin Type A Injections For Refractory Abdominal Dystonia: A Case Report, William J. Naber II, Jodi M. Wilhelm, Kurt A. Kuhlman, Gabriel Howard 2023 University of Michigan

Botulinum Toxin Type A Injections For Refractory Abdominal Dystonia: A Case Report, William J. Naber Ii, Jodi M. Wilhelm, Kurt A. Kuhlman, Gabriel Howard

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

Background: A 58-year-old male with chronic bilateral treatment resistant abdominal spasms secondary complications of ascites/ alcoholic cirrhosis. Spasms would occur 4-5 times/day, lasting minutes to hours despite a 2-year course of therapeutic and pharmacological interventions. Due to treatment refraction, 6 uniformly spaced botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) injections were placed per side, using electromyography for audible intramuscular syringe placement confirmation, while visual confirmation was made via ultrasound. During the initial trial, 6 evenly spaced injections were performed bilaterally, uniformly distributing 80U/side. Injections began bilaterally just medial to the junction of the inferior rib cage border/ anterior axillary line and progressed …


Variation In Functional Pelvic Tilt In Patients Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty With Acetabular Dysplasia, Myung-Jin Cha, Joel Wells, Yin Xi, Avneesh Chhabra 2023 University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Variation In Functional Pelvic Tilt In Patients Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty With Acetabular Dysplasia, Myung-Jin Cha, Joel Wells, Yin Xi, Avneesh Chhabra

Research Colloquium

Purpose: It is important to clarify the link between acetabular dysplasia and pelvic tilt to optimize surgical planning and postoperative outcomes. We sought to investigate functional pelvic tilt in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty with acetabular dysplasia.

Materials & Methods: From 2014 to 2020, pre-operative AP Pelvis X-rays, CT scans, and other patient-specific data such as pelvic tilt, lumbar lordotic angle, etc were collected as part of surgical planning for total hip arthroplasty. From this database, we investigated 678 female patients under the age of 50 that had undergone preoperative standing AP pelvis X-rays. Analysis was performed by investigating how …


Wrist Motion Is Distinct Between Touch Screen And Manual Or Digital Devices, Mandi J. Lopez, Catherine Takawira, Mary P. Fox, Pengju Wang, Evan Boatwright, Thomas Lucak, Chin Chi Liu, Bryce Fugarino 2023 Louisiana State University

Wrist Motion Is Distinct Between Touch Screen And Manual Or Digital Devices, Mandi J. Lopez, Catherine Takawira, Mary P. Fox, Pengju Wang, Evan Boatwright, Thomas Lucak, Chin Chi Liu, Bryce Fugarino

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Background Restricted motion during touch screen device use may contribute to wrist overuse injuries. Wrist radioulnar deviation and extension while using touch screen devices and digital or manual counterparts in male and female medical professional dominant and non-dominant hands were quantified to test the hypothesis that mobile touch screen device use reduces wrist motion. Methods An active motion detection system was used to record wrist motion of 12 participants while: tablet swiping and turning book pages; raising a cell and traditional phone to the ear; texting and typing; and entering numbers on a cell phone and manual calculator. Medial and …


Characterization Of Epithelial Growth Factor Transcripts Identified In Crotalus Atrox Venom, Ivan Lopez, Ying Jia 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Characterization Of Epithelial Growth Factor Transcripts Identified In Crotalus Atrox Venom, Ivan Lopez, Ying Jia

Research Symposium

Epithelial Growth Factor (EGF) is the primary source in regeneration and stimulation of essential fibroblasts cells commonly found in epithelium. Studies have shown that snake venom components are becoming a growing factor in treating illnesses such as cancer, muscular dystrophy, chronic pain, blood pressure, blood clotting, etc. EGF in human cells contains a promising quaternary structure that can bind to snake venom metalloproteinases, proposing a means of activating biochemical responses through protein-protein interactions to regulate unwanted cellular functions. This supports promising research in achieving a greater understanding of regulation along cellular pathways through ligands, increasing the likelihood of targeting unwanted …


Changes In Severity Of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction After Hip Surgery, Amisha Mehta, Joel E. Wells, Sonia Wadekar, Taylor Price, Donald Kasitinon 2023 UT Southwestern Medical Center

Changes In Severity Of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction After Hip Surgery, Amisha Mehta, Joel E. Wells, Sonia Wadekar, Taylor Price, Donald Kasitinon

Research Symposium

Introduction: Despite growing evidence that suggests an association between hip pathology and pelvic floor disorder (PFD), the comprehensive effects of hip surgery on PFD symptoms are not well understood. The primary purpose of this study was to report the role of surgical hip procedures on the severity of PFD symptoms.

Methods: A prospective database of demographic and outcome data for all female patients that were operated on between 2019-2020 at a single institution was queried. The PDFI-20 was used to assess symptom severity, and cases with both pre and postoperative surveys were included (n=62). MCID was used to determine significance …


The Level Of Functionality Of The Affected Upper Limb In Stroke Patients Depends On The Type Of Therapy Used And The Lateralization Of The Subjects' Body - A Randomized Observational Study., Anna Olczak, Marcin Dornowski 2023 Military Institute of Medicine - National Research Institute, Warsaw

The Level Of Functionality Of The Affected Upper Limb In Stroke Patients Depends On The Type Of Therapy Used And The Lateralization Of The Subjects' Body - A Randomized Observational Study., Anna Olczak, Marcin Dornowski

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction: Impairment of the functions of the upper limb and hand is a major problem in stroke patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate various therapies in terms of their influence on changes in the activity of the affected, dominant, and non-dominant upper limb in patients after ischemic stroke. Material/Methods: This is a randomized, double-blinded study. The research was carried out in a rehabilitation clinic on a group of 60 stroke patients who were randomly assigned to groups differing in the rehabilitation program. The study group had physiotherapy based on the NDT Bobath concept and the control group …


The Shared Contributions Of The Capsule, Labrum, And Bone On The Suction Seal Of The Hip, Alexander J. Hoffer 2023 Western University

The Shared Contributions Of The Capsule, Labrum, And Bone On The Suction Seal Of The Hip, Alexander J. Hoffer

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The hip capsule, labrum, and bone contribute to hip stability. Abnormalities in these structures are associated with pain and microinstability. Previous studies have quantified the individual stabilizing roles of the capsule and labrum and have associated cam over-resection with decreased hip stability.

The first objective of this thesis was to identify the relative biomechanical contributions of the capsule, labrum, and bone to the hip suction seal, as a representation of hip stability. The second objective was to assess the effectiveness of a labral reconstruction in restoring the suction seal after a cam over-resection.

Ten human cadaveric hips were tested in …


Minoxidil Weakens Newly Synthesized Collagen In Fibrotic Synoviocytes From Osteoarthritis Patients, Stefan Sarkovich, Peter P. Issa, Andrew Longanecker, Davis Martin, Kaitlyn Redondo, Patrick McTernan, Jennifer Simkin, Luis Marrero 2023 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans

Minoxidil Weakens Newly Synthesized Collagen In Fibrotic Synoviocytes From Osteoarthritis Patients, Stefan Sarkovich, Peter P. Issa, Andrew Longanecker, Davis Martin, Kaitlyn Redondo, Patrick Mcternan, Jennifer Simkin, Luis Marrero

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Purpose: Synovial fibrosis (SFb) formation and turnover attributable to knee osteoarthritis (KOA) can impart painful stiffness and persist following arthroplasty. To supplement joint conditioning aimed at maximizing peri-operative function, we evaluated the antifibrotic effect of Minoxidil (MXD) on formation of pyridinoline (Pyd) cross-links catalyzed by Plod2-encoded lysyl hydroxylase (LH)2b that strengthen newly synthesized type-I collagen (COL1) in fibroblastic synovial cells (FSCs) from KOA patients. MXD was predicted to decrease Pyd without significant alterations to Col1a1 transcription by FSCs stimulated with transforming growth factor (TGF)β1. Methods: Synovium from 10 KOA patients grouped by SFb severity was preserved for picrosirius and LH2b …


Evaluation Of Conservative And Operative Treatments In Active Patients With Acromioclavicular (Ac) And Rotator Cuff (Rc) Injuries, Jesse Singh 2023 Western University

Evaluation Of Conservative And Operative Treatments In Active Patients With Acromioclavicular (Ac) And Rotator Cuff (Rc) Injuries, Jesse Singh

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Abstract

Introduction: Shoulder pain and disability, particularly acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) and rotator cuff (RC) injuries, are common in a physically active population. Determining operative or rehabilitative treatment plans involve multiple treatment choices influenced by the injury grade and treatment goals, such as return to sport. This thesis investigates the management of treatment for AC and RC injuries

Method: The first study is a scoping review that uses the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) to synthesize 32 studies involving athletes who have undergone conservative or operative treatment for their Rockwood grade III …


Muscle Defects Lead To Skeletal Deformities In A Zebrafish Model Of Distal Arthrogryposis, Emily A. Tomak 2023 University of Maine

Muscle Defects Lead To Skeletal Deformities In A Zebrafish Model Of Distal Arthrogryposis, Emily A. Tomak

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Distal Arthrogryposis Type 1 (DA1) involves mild muscle weakness and limb skeletal abnormalities thought to be caused by paralysis in utero. Why the limbs are particularly affected in DA1 and the degree of paralysis that leads to these skeletal deformities in utero remains unclear. Several muscle genes are known to cause DA1, including MYLPF (myosin light chain phosphorylatable), which encodes a myosin light chain protein that binds close to the force-generating head of myosin heavy chains. The zebrafish mylpfa-/- mutant displays a phenotype consistent with DA1, including impaired myosin activity, reduced muscle force overall, and complete fin paralysis. I …


Pelvic Fractures - An Overview, Shashank Cheemalapati 2023 JSS Medical College and Hospital, JSSAHER

Pelvic Fractures - An Overview, Shashank Cheemalapati

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

Pelvic fractures are injuries commonly caused by high-energy trauma, such as motor vehicle accidents and falls from a height. Understanding the anatomy, mechanisms of injury, classification, diagnosis and the management of these fractures is crucial to improve patient outcomes. This short article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the current state of knowledge regarding pelvic fractures.


Role Of Fat Content On The Structure And Function Of Human Skeletal Muscle, Joseph A. Gordon III 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Role Of Fat Content On The Structure And Function Of Human Skeletal Muscle, Joseph A. Gordon Iii

Doctoral Dissertations

Muscle size does not fully explain variations in muscle strength. Fat content has been implicated in muscle weakness, though this relationship remains unclear. The relationship between fat and strength may vary between scales (e.g., cellular, organ, and organism). The goal of this dissertation was to clarify the role of fat in the structure and function of muscle using in vitro and in vivo techniques across multiple scales in adults 21-45 years old. Study 1 tested the agreement of intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) content between oil red o (ORO) and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) techniques. These measures of IMCL were also compared …


Digital Commons powered by bepress