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Musculoskeletal System Commons

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Effects Of Revision Surgery On Grade Of Adverse Local Tissue Reaction Following Recall Of A Modular Hip Implant, Joseph F. Davies, Danielle M. Greer, Susan Truchan 2017 Aurora Advanced Orthopedics

Effects Of Revision Surgery On Grade Of Adverse Local Tissue Reaction Following Recall Of A Modular Hip Implant, Joseph F. Davies, Danielle M. Greer, Susan Truchan

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: The Stryker Rejuvenate modular hip implant device allows for greater versatility in matching a patient’s anatomy than conventional implants. Device recalls and in vivo metal hypersensitivity after total hip arthroplasty (THA) are common. However, recall of the Rejuvenate implant represents one of the largest recall volumes to date, highlighting our uncertainty regarding causes of device metal fretting/corrosion and adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR). While devices with metal-on-metal bearings historically were culprits for release of metal debris, more recently developed modular-neck devices add opportunity for adjacent metal components to rub together. With the Rejuvenate device, corrosion or fretting ...


Disaggregating The Relative Influence Of Genetic, Environmental And Individual Factors On Lcl And Hdl Cholesterols And Bmi For A Sample Of African American (Aa) Mothers And Daughters, C. Jayne Brahler, Jewel Harden, Michelle McHone, Matthew Soules, Eric Evans, Ann Alyanak, Fred Diakpieng, Paul M. Vanderburgh 2017 University of Dayton

Disaggregating The Relative Influence Of Genetic, Environmental And Individual Factors On Lcl And Hdl Cholesterols And Bmi For A Sample Of African American (Aa) Mothers And Daughters, C. Jayne Brahler, Jewel Harden, Michelle Mchone, Matthew Soules, Eric Evans, Ann Alyanak, Fred Diakpieng, Paul M. Vanderburgh

Paul M. Vanderburgh

There are many reports about the associations between blood lipids, body mass index (BMI) and dietary cholesterol intakes both within the individual and between related individuals. The purpose of this descriptive research project was to investigate the relationships between LDL and HDL cholesterols, body mass index and dietary cholesterol intakes for a sample of African American (AA) mothers and their daughters and to attempt to separate the contribution of genetic versus environmental factors. Mother and daughter participants (n =42 and 66, respectively) were 12-14-hours fasted when blood samples were drawn, heights and weights measured, and 24 hour food recalls completed.


Malignant Hyperthermia, Brandon Kinnamon 2017 Otterbein University

Malignant Hyperthermia, Brandon Kinnamon

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

Common anesthetic agents can trigger a pathological response in patients resulting in intracellular calcium release and hyper-metabolism. This condition is known as Malignant Hyperthermia (MH). It is vital for anesthesia professionals and critical care nurses to recognize MH and act quickly to limit rapid shifts of electrolytes which can ultimately lead to death. As soon as cardinal signs of malignant hyperthermia are identified, the medication dantrolene should be administered along with intensive nursing care. Significant signs and symptoms, the pathophysiology of MH, and implications for nursing care are all examined in greater detail.


Bilabial Substitution Patterns During Consonant Production In A Case Of Congenital Aglossia, Betty McMicken, Frederico Salles, Shelley Von Berg, Margaret Vento-Wilson, Kelly Rogers, Asterios Toutios, Shrikanth S. Narayanan 2017 Chapman University

Bilabial Substitution Patterns During Consonant Production In A Case Of Congenital Aglossia, Betty Mcmicken, Frederico Salles, Shelley Von Berg, Margaret Vento-Wilson, Kelly Rogers, Asterios Toutios, Shrikanth S. Narayanan

Communication Sciences and Disorders Faculty Articles and Research

Purpose: Congenital aglossia is a rare syndrome in which an individual is born without a tongue. The present paper examines articulatory details of the production of multiple consonants by an aglossic speaker.

Method: Real-time magnetic resonance imaging data of the upper airway were collected from the aglossic speaker. Air-tissue boundaries were determined from the video sequences using a segmentation algorithm, and dynamics of vocal-tract constrictions and cross-dimensions were calculated.

Results: The aglossic speaker produced the consonants /t, d, th, l ,r, f ,v, s, sh/ with a bilabial closure instead of a normal lingua-alveolar closure; however, in /t/and /d ...


Local Anesthesia Toxicity, Nicole McCleery 2017 Otterbein University

Local Anesthesia Toxicity, Nicole Mccleery

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

Local anesthesia (LA) provides a way to relieve temporary pain in a small part of the body and has been used for over 100 years (Fencl, 2015). LA also prevents the passage of surgical stimuli into the central nervous system (CNS) making a surgical procedure less painful for the patient (Noble, 2015). According to Noble, “altering the passage of stimuli from smaller diameter neurons in a confined area with lower drug dosages is called LA, such as the injection of LA around a surgical incision” (Noble, 2015, p.325). LA can be used in a variety of settings, such as ...


Wine Flavor Perception In A Person With Isolated Congenital Aglossia, Naïve Wine Taster, And Sommelier, Kristin Mahood, Long Wang, Betty McMicken, Cheryl Rock 2017 California State University, Long Beach

Wine Flavor Perception In A Person With Isolated Congenital Aglossia, Naïve Wine Taster, And Sommelier, Kristin Mahood, Long Wang, Betty Mcmicken, Cheryl Rock

Communication Sciences and Disorders Faculty Articles and Research

Objective: This study aimed to augment previous research that investigated flavor perception in isolated congenital aglossia by a whole food/beverage approach. Isolated congenital aglossia is the rare condition of absence of a tongue at birth without the presence of other symptoms. Previous studies confirmed taste perception in isolated congenital aglossia using single taste solutions including sour, salty, sweet, bitter, and umami.

Methods: The current randomized, double-blinded study age- and sex-matched a naïve wine taster and sommelier to the 46 year-old female with isolated congenital aglossia. A Nose and Palate Survey with 54 variables created based on the Court of ...


The Effect Of Barefoot Running Using Two Running Styles On Lower Extremity Joint Reaction Forces, Jamie M. Rogers EP-C 2017 Liberty University

The Effect Of Barefoot Running Using Two Running Styles On Lower Extremity Joint Reaction Forces, Jamie M. Rogers Ep-C

Montview Liberty University Journal of Undergraduate Research

Running is a popular worldwide activity with many varying biomechanical techniques. Investigating potential differences in joint forces can be beneficial in determining if there is a superior biomechanical running pattern. Previous research compared barefoot and shod running, as well as the kinetic effects of varied running styles. The current study investigated the differences in internal joint reaction forces (JRF) at the hip, knee, and ankle joints during running with two different styles. Ten male and ten female participants who naturally run with a rearfoot strike pattern were included in this study. Each subject ran barefoot on an instrumented treadmill for ...


Lacunar-Canalicular Network In Femoral Cortical Bone Is Reduced In Aged Women And Is Predominantly Due To A Loss Of Canalicular Porosity, A. M. Ashique, L. S. Hart, C. D. L. Thomas, J. G. Clement, P. Pivonka, Yasmin Carter, D. D. Mousseau, D. M. L. Cooper 2017 University of Saskatchewan

Lacunar-Canalicular Network In Femoral Cortical Bone Is Reduced In Aged Women And Is Predominantly Due To A Loss Of Canalicular Porosity, A. M. Ashique, L. S. Hart, C. D. L. Thomas, J. G. Clement, P. Pivonka, Yasmin Carter, D. D. Mousseau, D. M. L. Cooper

Open Access Articles

The lacunar-canalicular network (LCN) of bone contains osteocytes and their dendritic extensions, which allow for intercellular communication, and are believed to serve as the mechanosensors that coordinate the processes of bone modeling and remodeling. Imbalances in remodeling, for example, are linked to bone disease, including fragility associated with aging. We have reported that there is a reduction in scale for one component of the LCN, osteocyte lacunar volume, across the human lifespan in females. In the present study, we explore the hypothesis that canalicular porosity also declines with age. To visualize the LCN and to determine how its components are ...


The Concurrent Use Of Lumbar Total Disc Arthroplasty And Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: The Lumbar Hybrid Procedure For The Treatment Of Multi-Level Symptomatic Degenerative Disc Disease A Prospective Study, Matthew Scott-Young, Laurence McEntee, Ben Schram, Evelyne Rathbone, Wayne Hing, David Nielsen 2017 Bond University

The Concurrent Use Of Lumbar Total Disc Arthroplasty And Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: The Lumbar Hybrid Procedure For The Treatment Of Multi-Level Symptomatic Degenerative Disc Disease A Prospective Study, Matthew Scott-Young, Laurence Mcentee, Ben Schram, Evelyne Rathbone, Wayne Hing, David Nielsen

Wayne Hing

STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to evaluate clinical and patient outcomes post combined Total Disc Arthroplasty (TDA) and Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF), known as hybrid surgery for the treatment of multi-level symptomatic degenerative disc disease (DDD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Class I studies comparing the treatment of one level lumbar DDD with TDA and ALIF have confirmed the effectiveness of those treatments through clinical and patient outcomes. While the success of single level disease is well documented, the evidence relating to the treatment of multi-level DDD with these modalities is emerging. With ...


The Concurrent Use Of Lumbar Total Disc Arthroplasty And Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: The Lumbar Hybrid Procedure For The Treatment Of Multi-Level Symptomatic Degenerative Disc Disease A Prospective Study, Matthew Scott-Young, Laurence McEntee, Ben Schram, Evelyne Rathbone, Wayne Hing, David Nielsen 2017 Bond University

The Concurrent Use Of Lumbar Total Disc Arthroplasty And Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: The Lumbar Hybrid Procedure For The Treatment Of Multi-Level Symptomatic Degenerative Disc Disease A Prospective Study, Matthew Scott-Young, Laurence Mcentee, Ben Schram, Evelyne Rathbone, Wayne Hing, David Nielsen

Ben Schram

STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to evaluate clinical and patient outcomes post combined Total Disc Arthroplasty (TDA) and Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF), known as hybrid surgery for the treatment of multi-level symptomatic degenerative disc disease (DDD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Class I studies comparing the treatment of one level lumbar DDD with TDA and ALIF have confirmed the effectiveness of those treatments through clinical and patient outcomes. While the success of single level disease is well documented, the evidence relating to the treatment of multi-level DDD with these modalities is emerging. With ...


The Concurrent Use Of Lumbar Total Disc Arthroplasty And Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: The Lumbar Hybrid Procedure For The Treatment Of Multi-Level Symptomatic Degenerative Disc Disease A Prospective Study, Matthew Scott-Young, Laurence McEntee, Ben Schram, Evelyne Rathbone, Wayne Hing, David Nielsen 2017 Bond University

The Concurrent Use Of Lumbar Total Disc Arthroplasty And Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: The Lumbar Hybrid Procedure For The Treatment Of Multi-Level Symptomatic Degenerative Disc Disease A Prospective Study, Matthew Scott-Young, Laurence Mcentee, Ben Schram, Evelyne Rathbone, Wayne Hing, David Nielsen

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

STUDY DESIGN:

A prospective study.

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this paper is to evaluate clinical and patient outcomes post combined Total Disc Arthroplasty (TDA) and Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF), known as hybrid surgery for the treatment of multi-level symptomatic degenerative disc disease (DDD).

SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:

Class I studies comparing the treatment of one level lumbar DDD with TDA and ALIF have confirmed the effectiveness of those treatments through clinical and patient outcomes. While the success of single level disease is well documented, the evidence relating to the treatment of multi-level DDD with these modalities is emerging. With ...


Effects Of Glucosamine Versus Chondroitin Sulfate In Reducing Joint Space Narrowing In Knee Osteoarthritis, Caroline Horton, Ashani Andrews 2017 James Madison University

Effects Of Glucosamine Versus Chondroitin Sulfate In Reducing Joint Space Narrowing In Knee Osteoarthritis, Caroline Horton, Ashani Andrews

Physician Assistant Capstones

Objective: To determine if over the counter supplements, chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine, in combination or alone, are effective in the treatment of joint space narrowing (JSN) in knee osteoarthritis.

Design: Systematic Literature Review

Methods: Database search of PubMed and MEDLINE using the search terms “glucosamine”, “chondroitin sulfate”, “osteoarthritis”, and joint space narrowing. Filters were implemented to include articles that only dealt with human subjects, that were published in 2000 or later, and were full-text. Articles were excluded if they were cohort studies, reviews, non-English papers, or had pain as the only outcome.

Results: Sawitzke et al.primary outcomes revealed no ...


Efficacy Of Electromyography And The Dead Bug Exercise, Taylor M. Scavo, Rachel C. Cooklin, Erika N. Faria, Madeline L. Johnson, Eric Sternlicht 2017 Chapman University

Efficacy Of Electromyography And The Dead Bug Exercise, Taylor M. Scavo, Rachel C. Cooklin, Erika N. Faria, Madeline L. Johnson, Eric Sternlicht

Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

The Dead Bug exercise is performed in physical therapy clinics to restore lumbar spine stability and core strength in patients with lower back pain (LBP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of using electromyography (EMG) feedback to enhance proper mechanics during the Dead Bug exercise. Sixteen healthy, college age students volunteered as subjects for the study. Subjects performed the Dead Bug (Fig. 1a.) with and without visual EMG cues and were given instructions on how to execute the exercise. Data was recorded using a BTS FREEEMG Analyzer and signal processed and data analyzed using the BTS ...


Perceptions Of Ncaa Division I Baseball Pitchers On Treatment Modalities For Pitching Arm Health, Thomas Williams 2017 Winthrop University

Perceptions Of Ncaa Division I Baseball Pitchers On Treatment Modalities For Pitching Arm Health, Thomas Williams

Graduate Theses

Throwing athletes of all sports have similarities, even if the sport itself is very different. Throwing an object creates a great amount of stress on the body, particularly at the shoulder and the elbow. A baseball pitcher should train and compete in all three planes of movement-sagittal, frontal and transverse. Training for throwing athletes has two main goals: to increase throwing power and to reduce throwing injuries. Analyzing training habits of a throwing athlete includes an understanding of the modalities they perform in order to prevent potential injuries from occurring. Baseball pitchers are extremely susceptible to throwing injuries, and must ...


A Deeper Look Into The Vastus Medialis: A Stabilizer For The Knee, Connie Nicole Barnes 2017 Utah State University

A Deeper Look Into The Vastus Medialis: A Stabilizer For The Knee, Connie Nicole Barnes

Undergraduate Honors Capstone Projects

Anterior cruciate ligament tears are one of the most common injuries that occur, especially in female athletes. It requires surgery and months of physical therapy to get these athletes back in playing condition. The angle of women’s hips and lack of strength of inner quadriceps muscles enhances the risk of injuries to the knees. One specific muscle that is known for being a stabilizer of the knee and may help in preventing ACL tears is the vastus medialis. By understanding what exercises activate this muscle the most, conditioning plans and preventative workouts need to be created to help female ...


The Effect Of Barefoot Running Using Two Running Styles On Lower Extremity Joint Reaction Forces, Jamie M. Rogers, EP-C 2017 Liberty University

The Effect Of Barefoot Running Using Two Running Styles On Lower Extremity Joint Reaction Forces, Jamie M. Rogers, Ep-C

Senior Honors Theses

Running is a popular worldwide activity with many varying biomechanical techniques. Investigating potential differences in joint forces can be beneficial in determining if there is a superior biomechanical running pattern. Previous research compared barefoot and shod running, as well as the kinetic effects of varied running styles. The current study investigated the differences in internal joint reaction forces (JRF) at the hip, knee, and ankle joints during running with two different styles. Ten male and ten female participants who naturally run with a rearfoot strike pattern were included in this study. Each subject ran barefoot on an instrumented treadmill for ...


Pattern Of Alteration In Foot Mechanics When Carrying Loads Unilaterally In Hand, Deepashini Harithasan, Baharudin Omar, Aatit Paungmali 2017 Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Pattern Of Alteration In Foot Mechanics When Carrying Loads Unilaterally In Hand, Deepashini Harithasan, Baharudin Omar, Aatit Paungmali

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

PURPOSE: Carrying weight in one hand is a common functional activity. This study investigated the effects of incremental loads carried in one hand unilaterally and its influence on the foot mechanics [plantar pressure, maximum force and contact area]. METHOD: Twenty healthy individuals were tested, in standing and walking, while carrying different weights (no load, 5 kg, 7.5 kg and 10 kg) using their right hand. ANCOVA was conducted separately for the right and left leg to address the effect of incremental loads on the foot mechanics within each leg with navicular drop index and Q angle as covariates. Paired ...


Get Up, Stand Up: A Brief History Of Sedentarism And Why Movement Is Good Medicine, Robert Anthony Federico 2017 N/A

Get Up, Stand Up: A Brief History Of Sedentarism And Why Movement Is Good Medicine, Robert Anthony Federico

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


The Need For Standardized Assessment Of Muscle Quality In Skeletal Muscle Function Deficit And Other Aging-Related Muscle Dysfunctions: A Symposium Report, Rosaly Correa de Araujo, Michael O. Harris-Love, Iva Miljkovic, Maren Fragala, Brian Anthony, Todd Manini 2017 George Washington University

The Need For Standardized Assessment Of Muscle Quality In Skeletal Muscle Function Deficit And Other Aging-Related Muscle Dysfunctions: A Symposium Report, Rosaly Correa De Araujo, Michael O. Harris-Love, Iva Miljkovic, Maren Fragala, Brian Anthony, Todd Manini

Exercise and Nutrition Sciences Faculty Publications

A growing body of scientific literature suggests that not only changes in skeletal muscle mass, but also other factors underpinning muscle quality, play a role in the decline in skeletal muscle function and impaired mobility associated with aging. A symposium on muscle quality and the need for standardized assessment was held on April 28, 2016 at the International Conference on Frailty and Sarcopenia Research in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The purpose of this symposium was to provide a venue for basic science and clinical researchers and expert clinicians to discuss muscle quality in the context of skeletal muscle function deficit and other ...


Mitochondria Mediate Cell Membrane Repair And Contribute To Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy., Maria C Vila, Sree Rayavarapu, Marshall W Hogarth, Jack H Van der Meulen, Adam Horn, Aurelia Defour, Shin'ichi Takeda, Kristy J. Brown, Yetrib Hathout, Kanneboyina Nagaraju, Jyoti K. Jaiswal 2017 George Washington University

Mitochondria Mediate Cell Membrane Repair And Contribute To Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy., Maria C Vila, Sree Rayavarapu, Marshall W Hogarth, Jack H Van Der Meulen, Adam Horn, Aurelia Defour, Shin'ichi Takeda, Kristy J. Brown, Yetrib Hathout, Kanneboyina Nagaraju, Jyoti K. Jaiswal

Genomics and Precision Medicine Faculty Publications

Dystrophin deficiency is the genetic basis for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), but the cellular basis of progressive myofiber death in DMD is not fully understood. Using two dystrophin-deficient mdx mouse models, we find that the mitochondrial dysfunction is among the earliest cellular deficits of mdx muscles. Mitochondria in dystrophic myofibers also respond poorly to sarcolemmal injury. These mitochondrial deficits reduce the ability of dystrophic muscle cell membranes to repair and are associated with a compensatory increase in dysferlin-mediated membrane repair proteins. Dysferlin deficit in mdx mice further compromises myofiber cell membrane repair and enhances the muscle pathology at an asymptomatic ...


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