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Full-Text Articles in Science and Technology Studies

Nonlinear Analysis Of Circular High Strength Concrete-Filled Stainless Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns, Vipulkumar I. Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2017

Nonlinear Analysis Of Circular High Strength Concrete-Filled Stainless Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns, Vipulkumar I. Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Concrete-filled stainless steel tubular (CFSST) slender columns are increasingly used in composite structures owing to their distinguished features, such as aesthetic appearance, high corrosion resistance, high durability and ease of maintenance. Currently, however, there is a lack of an accurate and efficient numerical model that can be utilized to determine the performance of circular CFSST slender columns. This paper describes a nonlinear fiber-based model proposed for computing the deflection and axial load-moment strength interaction responses of eccentrically loaded circular high-strength CFSST slender columns. The fiber-based model incorporates the accurate three-stage stress-strain relations of stainless steels, accounting for different strain hardening ...


Hybrid Structure Of White Layer In High Carbon Steel - Formation Mechanism And Its Properties, Rumana Hossain, Farshid Pahlevani, Evelien Witteveen, Amborish Banerjee, Bill Joe, B Prusty, Rian J. Dippenaar, Veena Sahajwalla Jan 2017

Hybrid Structure Of White Layer In High Carbon Steel - Formation Mechanism And Its Properties, Rumana Hossain, Farshid Pahlevani, Evelien Witteveen, Amborish Banerjee, Bill Joe, B Prusty, Rian J. Dippenaar, Veena Sahajwalla

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This study identifies for the first time, the hybrid structure of the white layer in high carbon steel and describes its formation mechanism and properties. The so-called 'white layer' in steel forms during high strain rate deformation and appears featureless under optical microscopy. While many researchers have investigated the formation of the white layer, there has been no definitive study, nor is there sufficient evidence to fully explain the formation, structure and properties of the layer. In this study, the formation, morphology and mechanical properties of the white layer was determined following impact testing, using a combination of optical and ...


High Intrinsic Sensitivity Etched Polymer Fiber Bragg Grating Pair For Simultaneous Strain And Temperature Measurements, Kishore Bhowmik, Gang-Ding Peng, Yanhua Luo, Eliathamby Ambikairajah, Vedran Lovric, William R. Walsh, Ginu Rajan Jan 2016

High Intrinsic Sensitivity Etched Polymer Fiber Bragg Grating Pair For Simultaneous Strain And Temperature Measurements, Kishore Bhowmik, Gang-Ding Peng, Yanhua Luo, Eliathamby Ambikairajah, Vedran Lovric, William R. Walsh, Ginu Rajan

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A sensing configuration for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature with enhanced intrinsic sensitivity based on a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) pair with one grating inscribed in the etched and the other in unetched polymer fiber region is demonstrated. A poly (methyl methacrylate) based single-mode polymer fiber is etched to different diameters, and it is observed that etching can lead to change in the material properties of the fiber, such as Young's modulus and thermal expansion coefficient, which can play a vital role in improving its intrinsic sensing capabilities. Thus, exploiting the different strain and temperature sensitivities exhibited by ...


Influence Of Cr-Rich Oxide Scale On Sliding Wear Mechanism Of Ferritic Stainless Steel At High Temperature, Xiawei Cheng, Zhengyi Jiang, Buyung Kosasih, Hui Wu, Suzhen Luo, Laizhu Jiang Jan 2016

Influence Of Cr-Rich Oxide Scale On Sliding Wear Mechanism Of Ferritic Stainless Steel At High Temperature, Xiawei Cheng, Zhengyi Jiang, Buyung Kosasih, Hui Wu, Suzhen Luo, Laizhu Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The tribological tests of a ferritic stainless steel (FSS) 445 in contact with high-speed steel (HSS) were performed on a high-temperature pin-on-disc tribometer. Wear exhibited significant difference when the FSS 445 was oxidised with a Cr-rich oxide scale on the surface. The HSS pin displayed adhesive wear when there was no oxide scale on the stainless steel disc, and in the early stages, the coefficient of friction fluctuated significantly, but the level of wear changed as Cr2O3 particles formed. The wear was then reduced, and the coefficient of friction remained stable. The Cr-rich oxide scale which formed on the stainless ...


Robustness Of Ipsa Optimized High-Dose-Rate Prostate Brachytherapy Treatment Plans To Catheter Displacements, Joel Poder, May Whitaker Jan 2016

Robustness Of Ipsa Optimized High-Dose-Rate Prostate Brachytherapy Treatment Plans To Catheter Displacements, Joel Poder, May Whitaker

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Purpose: Inverse planning simulated annealing (IPSA) optimized brachytherapy treatment plans are characterized with large isolated dwell times at the first or last dwell position of each catheter. The potential of catheter shifts relative to the target and organs at risk in these plans may lead to a more significant change in delivered dose to the volumes of interest relative to plans with more uniform dwell times. Material and methods: This study aims to determine if the Nucletron Oncentra dwell time deviation constraint (DTDC) parameter can be optimized to improve the robustness of high-dose-rate (HDR) prostate brachytherapy plans to catheter displacements ...


A Strategy For Configuration Of An Integrated Flexible Sulfur Cathode For High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries, Hongqiang Wang, Wenchao Zhang, Hua-Kun Liu, Zaiping Guo Jan 2016

A Strategy For Configuration Of An Integrated Flexible Sulfur Cathode For High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries, Hongqiang Wang, Wenchao Zhang, Hua-Kun Liu, Zaiping Guo

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Lithium-sulfur batteries are regarded as promising candidates for energy storage devices owing to their high theoretical energy density. The practical application is hindered, however, by low sulfur utilization and unsatisfactory capacity retention. Herein, we present a strategy for configuration of the sulfur cathode, which is composed of an integrated carbon/sulfur/carbon sandwich structure on polypropylene separator that is produced using the simple doctor-blade technique. The integrated electrode exhibits excellent flexibility and high mechanical strength. The upper and bottom carbon layers of the sandwich-structured electrode not only work as double current collectors, which effectively improve the conductivity of the electrode ...


A High Availability Application Service Platform For Nuclear Power Enterprises, Zhe Sun, He Jin, Jianming Yong, Salim Al Isma'ili, Changying Li, Jun Shen Jan 2016

A High Availability Application Service Platform For Nuclear Power Enterprises, Zhe Sun, He Jin, Jianming Yong, Salim Al Isma'ili, Changying Li, Jun Shen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper presents a High Availability Application Service Platform (HAASP) and analyses its high availability. The architecture of this platform contains application server platform and high availability architecture. Application server platform consists of three major components, application release platform, which is implemented with WebLogic and WebSphere cluster, application and database platforms, which are built with Oracle RAC, and IBM Domino cluster. High availability architecture is constructed by virtual machines, distributed switches and storage pools. It employs virtualization technology to integrate physical servers and storages, where physical servers are responsible for the creation of virtual server cluster, distributed switches, storage pool ...


Hydrostatic Compression Behavior And High-Pressure Stabilized Β-Phase In Γ-Based Titanium Aluminide Intermetallics, Klaus-Dieter Liss, Ken-Ichi Funakoshi, Rian J. Dippenaar, Yuji Higo, Ayumi Shiro, Mark H. Reid, Hiroshi Suzuki, Takahisa Shobu, Koichi Akita Jan 2016

Hydrostatic Compression Behavior And High-Pressure Stabilized Β-Phase In Γ-Based Titanium Aluminide Intermetallics, Klaus-Dieter Liss, Ken-Ichi Funakoshi, Rian J. Dippenaar, Yuji Higo, Ayumi Shiro, Mark H. Reid, Hiroshi Suzuki, Takahisa Shobu, Koichi Akita

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Titanium aluminides find application in modern light-weight, high-temperature turbines, such as aircraft engines, but suffer from poor plasticity during manufacturing and processing. Huge forging presses enable materials processing in the 10-GPa range, and hence, it is necessary to investigate the phase diagrams of candidate materials under these extreme conditions. Here, we report on an in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction study in a large-volume press of a modern (α2 + γ) two-phase material, Ti-45Al-7.5Nb-0.25C, under pressures up to 9.6 GPa and temperatures up to 1686 K. At room temperature, the volume response to pressure is accommodated by the transformation ...


Analysis Of Bacterial Diversity In Two Oil Blocks From Two Low-Permeability Reservoirs With High Salinities, Meng Xiao, Shan Shan Sun, Zhong Zhi Zhang, Junming Wang, Long Wei Qiu, Hua Yang Sun, Zhaozheng Song, Beiyu Zhang, De Li Gao, Guangqing Zhang, Wei Min Wu Jan 2016

Analysis Of Bacterial Diversity In Two Oil Blocks From Two Low-Permeability Reservoirs With High Salinities, Meng Xiao, Shan Shan Sun, Zhong Zhi Zhang, Junming Wang, Long Wei Qiu, Hua Yang Sun, Zhaozheng Song, Beiyu Zhang, De Li Gao, Guangqing Zhang, Wei Min Wu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The community diversities of two oil reservoirs with low permeability of 1.81 x 10 '3 and 2.29 x 10 '3 1/4m 2 in Changqing, China, were investigated using a high throughput sequencing technique to analyze the influence of biostimulation with a nutrient activator on the bacterial communities. These two blocks differed significantly in salinity (average 17,500 vs 40,900 mg/L). A core simulation test was used to evaluate the effectiveness of indigenous microbial-enhanced oil recovery (MEOR). The results indicated that in the two high salinity oil reservoirs, one reservoir having relatively lower salinity level and ...


Confined Sno2 Quantum-Dot Clusters In Graphene Sheets As High-Performance Anodes For Lithium-Ion Batteries, Chengling Zhu, Shenmin Zhu, Kai Zhang, Zeyu Hui, Hui Pan, Zhixin Chen, Yao Li, Di Zhang, Dawei Wang Jan 2016

Confined Sno2 Quantum-Dot Clusters In Graphene Sheets As High-Performance Anodes For Lithium-Ion Batteries, Chengling Zhu, Shenmin Zhu, Kai Zhang, Zeyu Hui, Hui Pan, Zhixin Chen, Yao Li, Di Zhang, Dawei Wang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Construction of metal oxide nanoparticles as anodes is of special interest for next-generation lithium-ion batteries. The main challenge lies in their rapid capacity fading caused by the structural degradation and instability of solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer during charge/discharge process. Herein, we address these problems by constructing a novel-structured SnO2-based anode. The novel structure consists of mesoporous clusters of SnO2 quantum dots (SnO2 QDs), which are wrapped with reduced graphene oxide (RGO) sheets. The mesopores inside the clusters provide enough room for the expansion and contraction of SnO2 QDs during charge/discharge process while the ...


High Temperature Oxidation Of Indefinite Chill Roll Material Under Dry And Humid Atmospheres, Liang Hao, Zhengyi Jiang, Zhixin Chen, Dongbin Wei, Xiawei Cheng, Jingwei Zhao, Ming Luo, Li Ma, Suzhen Luo, Laizhu Jiang Jan 2016

High Temperature Oxidation Of Indefinite Chill Roll Material Under Dry And Humid Atmospheres, Liang Hao, Zhengyi Jiang, Zhixin Chen, Dongbin Wei, Xiawei Cheng, Jingwei Zhao, Ming Luo, Li Ma, Suzhen Luo, Laizhu Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

In this paper, the isothermal oxidation of the indefinite chill (IC) roll is investigated by using a thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA) from 550 to 700 °C under dry and humid atmospheres. It is found that the oxidation kinetics follow a linear trend and the oxide scale consists of two layers after the oxidation in dry air but three layers in humid air above 600 °C. In dry air, the graphite is covered by the oxide scale above 650 °C. The water vapor accelerates the oxidation of the matrix and the graphite. The graphite is covered by the extension of the oxide ...


High Retention Membrane Bioreactors: Challenges And Opportunities, Wenhai Luo, Faisal Ibney Hai, William Price, Wenshan Guo, Hao H. Ngo, Kazuo Yamamoto, Long Nghiem Sep 2015

High Retention Membrane Bioreactors: Challenges And Opportunities, Wenhai Luo, Faisal Ibney Hai, William Price, Wenshan Guo, Hao H. Ngo, Kazuo Yamamoto, Long Nghiem

Faisal I Hai

Extensive research has focussed on the development of novel high retention membrane bioreactor (HR-MBR) systems for wastewater reclamation in recent years. HR-MBR integrates high rejection membrane separation with conventional biological treatment in a single step. High rejection membrane separation processes currently used in HR-MBR applications include nanofiltration, forward osmosis, and membrane distillation. In these HR-MBR systems, organic contaminants can be effectively retained, prolonging their retention time in the bioreactor and thus enhancing their biodegradation. Therefore, HR-MBR can offer a reliable and elegant solution to produce high quality effluent. However, there are several technological challenges associated with the development of HR-MBR ...


Over-Voltage Mitigation Within Distribution Networks With A High Renewable Distributed Generation Penetration, Joel Kennedy, Philip Ciufo, Ashish Agalgaonkar Apr 2015

Over-Voltage Mitigation Within Distribution Networks With A High Renewable Distributed Generation Penetration, Joel Kennedy, Philip Ciufo, Ashish Agalgaonkar

Dr Philip Ciufo

The rapid growth of grid-connected distributed generation has increased the likelihood of over-voltage occurrences in distribution networks. In recent times, much research has taken place in order to develop a control strategy to mitigate the voltage rise problem. However, most of the published strategies require re-tuning when additional resources are connected, or have a strong dependence on network parameters, such as fault level. This paper proposes a novel over-voltage mitigation scheme that has many advantages not observed in literature. Firstly, the control scheme can integrate with an existing feeder in a plug-and-play fashion. No prior analysis is necessary to configure ...


The Feasibility Study And Characterziation Of A Two-Dimensional Diode Array In “Magic Phantom” For High Dose Rate Brachytherapy Quality Assurance, A Espinoza, B Beeksma, M Petasecca, I Fuduli, C Porumb, D L. Cutajar, S Corde, M A. Jackson, M Lf Lerch, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld Jan 2015

The Feasibility Study And Characterziation Of A Two-Dimensional Diode Array In “Magic Phantom” For High Dose Rate Brachytherapy Quality Assurance, A Espinoza, B Beeksma, M Petasecca, I Fuduli, C Porumb, D L. Cutajar, S Corde, M A. Jackson, M Lf Lerch, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Anthony A Espinoza Mr

High dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy is a radiation treatment technique capable of delivering large dose rates to the tumor. Radiation is delivered using remote afterloaders to drive highly active sources (commonly 192Ir with an air KERMA strength range between 20 000 and 40 000 U, where 1 U = 1 uGy m2/h in air) through applicators directly into the patient's prescribed region of treatment. Due to the obvious ramifications of incorrect treatment while using such an active source, it is essential that there are methods for quality assurance (QA) that can directly and accurately verify the treatment plan and ...


Excellent Melt Lubrication Of Alkali Metal Polyphosphate Glass For High Temperature Applications, A Kiet Tieu, Shanhong Wan, Ning Kong, Qiang Zhu, Hongtao Zhu Jan 2015

Excellent Melt Lubrication Of Alkali Metal Polyphosphate Glass For High Temperature Applications, A Kiet Tieu, Shanhong Wan, Ning Kong, Qiang Zhu, Hongtao Zhu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A new class of high temperature lubricant of inorganic alkali metal polyphosphate was developed for hot metal forming, which involved a fundamental knowledge of melt lubrication. At elevated temperature a 55% reduction in friction and a 50% decrease in wear were achieved by the presence of the molten polyphosphate lubrication, as well as the excellent anti-oxidation capability at the rubbing steel/steel interface, which closely correlated with the tribo-induced hierarchical structure at the rubbing interface. This inorganic polyphosphate lubricant can be called a smart polymeric material, which will be an eco-friendly alternative for high temperature applications. This journal is


Interface Analysis And Hot Deformation Behaviour Of A Novel Laminated Composite With High-Cr Cast Iron And Low Carbon Steel Prepared By Hot Compression Bonding, Zhengyi Jiang, Xingjian Gao, Sheng-Li Li, Hong Mei Zhang, Dengfu Chen, Jian Zhong Xu Jan 2015

Interface Analysis And Hot Deformation Behaviour Of A Novel Laminated Composite With High-Cr Cast Iron And Low Carbon Steel Prepared By Hot Compression Bonding, Zhengyi Jiang, Xingjian Gao, Sheng-Li Li, Hong Mei Zhang, Dengfu Chen, Jian Zhong Xu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A hot compression bonding process was developed to prepare a novel laminated composite consisting of high-Cr cast iron (HCCI) as the inner layer and low carbon steel (LCS) as the outer layers on a Gleeble 3500 thermomechanical simulator at a temperature of 950 °C and a strain rate of 0.001 S-1. Interfacial bond quality and hot deformation behaviour of the laminate were studied by microstructural characterisation and mechanical tests. Experimental results show that the metallurgical bond between the constituent metals was achieved under the proposed bonding conditions without discernible defects and the formation of interlayer or intermetallic layer ...


High Temperature Dislocation Structure And Nbc Precipitation In Three Ni-Fe-Nb-C Model Alloys, Andrii Kostryzhev, Parvez Mannan, Olexandra Marenych Jan 2015

High Temperature Dislocation Structure And Nbc Precipitation In Three Ni-Fe-Nb-C Model Alloys, Andrii Kostryzhev, Parvez Mannan, Olexandra Marenych

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this original work, the dislocation structure and NbC precipitation were investigated in three Ni-based alloys (70Ni-Fe-0.331Nb-0.040C, 70Ni-Fe-0.851Nb-0.114C and 70Ni-Fe-1.420Nb-0.157C, wt%) thermomechanically processed in the temperature range of 1250-1075 °C. The dislocation structure inhomogeneity (dislocation networks and cell walls), which we observed in the middle and high Nb+C alloys, resulted from the dislocation pile-ups in the vicinity of >200 nm NbC particles. The dislocation density around >200 nm particles exceeded the average values by 5-7 times, and that in the cell walls might exceed the average values by 10 times. Twins and stacking ...


Study Of The Consequences Of Co2 Released From High-Pressure Pipelines, Xiong Liu, Ajit R. Godbole, Cheng Lu, Guillaume Michal, Phillip Venton Jan 2015

Study Of The Consequences Of Co2 Released From High-Pressure Pipelines, Xiong Liu, Ajit R. Godbole, Cheng Lu, Guillaume Michal, Phillip Venton

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The development of the Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technique requires an understanding of the hazards posed by the operation of high-pressure CO2 pipelines. To allow the appropriate safety precautions to be taken, a comprehensive understanding of the consequences of unplanned CO2 releases is essential before the deployment of CO2 pipelines. In this paper, we present models for the predictions of discharge rate, atmospheric expansion and dispersion due to accidental CO2 releases from high-pressure pipelines. The GERG-2008 Equation of State (EOS) was used in the discharge and expansion models. This enabled more precise 'source strength' predictions ...


Comparative Evaluation Of Modern Dosimetry Techniques Near Low- And High-Density Heterogeneities, Eyad A. Alhakeem, Sami Alshaikh, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld, Sergei F. Zavgorodni Jan 2015

Comparative Evaluation Of Modern Dosimetry Techniques Near Low- And High-Density Heterogeneities, Eyad A. Alhakeem, Sami Alshaikh, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld, Sergei F. Zavgorodni

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The purpose of this study is to compare performance of several dosimetric methods in heterogeneous phantoms irradiated by 6 and 18 MV beams. Monte Carlo (MC) calculations were used, along with two versions of Acuros XB, anisotropic analytical algorithm (AAA), EBT2 film, and MOSkin dosimeters. Percent depth doses (PDD) were calculated and measured in three heterogeneous phantoms. The first two phantoms were a 30 x 30 x 30 cm3 solid-water slab that had an air-gap of 20x 2.5 x 2.35 cm3. The third phantom consisted of 30 x 30 x 5 cm3 solid water slabs, two 30 x ...


Modeling Secondary Particle Tracks Generated By High-Energy Protons In Water, Francisco Blanco, Antonio Munoz, Diego T. Almeida, F. Ferreira Da Silva, Paulo Limao-Vieira, Alexey Verkhovtsev, L Ellis-Gibbings, K Krupa, A Traore, G Garcia Jan 2015

Modeling Secondary Particle Tracks Generated By High-Energy Protons In Water, Francisco Blanco, Antonio Munoz, Diego T. Almeida, F. Ferreira Da Silva, Paulo Limao-Vieira, Alexey Verkhovtsev, L Ellis-Gibbings, K Krupa, A Traore, G Garcia

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

We present interaction probability data of low-energy secondary electrons and positrons produced due to the proton impact. The probability distribution functions serve as input data for the Low Energy Particle Track Simulation (LEPTS) approach which allows one to include the effect of low-energy species in medical applications of radiation and in ion-beam cancer therapy, in particular.


A Fe/Fe3o4/N-Carbon Composite With Hierarchical Porous Structure And In Situ Formed N-Doped Graphene-Like Layers For High-Performance Lithium Ion Batteries, Yao Li, Qing Meng, Shenmin Zhu, Zeng-Hui Sun, Hao Yang, Zhixin Chen, Chengling Zhu, Zaiping Guo, Di Zhang Jan 2015

A Fe/Fe3o4/N-Carbon Composite With Hierarchical Porous Structure And In Situ Formed N-Doped Graphene-Like Layers For High-Performance Lithium Ion Batteries, Yao Li, Qing Meng, Shenmin Zhu, Zeng-Hui Sun, Hao Yang, Zhixin Chen, Chengling Zhu, Zaiping Guo, Di Zhang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Fe/Fe3O4/N-carbon composite consisting of a porous carbon matrix containing a highly conductive N-doped graphene-like network and Fe/Fe3O4 nanoparticles was prepared. The porous carbon has a hierarchical structure which is inherited from rice husk and the N-doped graphene-like network formed in situ. When used as an anode material for lithium batteries, the composite delivered a reversible capacity of approximately 610 mA h g(-1) at a current density of 200 mA g(-1) even after 100 cycles, due to the synergism between the unique hierarchical porous structures, highly electrically conductive N-doped graphene- like networks and nanosized particles of ...


High Rate Serially Concatenated Codes With Low Error Floors, Bo Liu, Sheng Tong, Qinghua Guo, Jun Tong, Jiangtao Xi, Yanguang Yu Jan 2015

High Rate Serially Concatenated Codes With Low Error Floors, Bo Liu, Sheng Tong, Qinghua Guo, Jun Tong, Jiangtao Xi, Yanguang Yu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Serial concatenation of Hamming codes and an accumulator has been shown to achieve near capacity performance at high code rates. However, these codes usually exhibit poor error floor performance due to their small minimum distances. To overcome this weakness, we propose to replace the outer Hamming codes by product codes constructed from Hamming codes and single-parity-check codes. In this way, the minimum distance of the outer code can be doubled, which is expected to increase the minimum distance of the serially concatenated code and thus to improve error floor performance. Three-dimensional EXIT chart is used for their convergence analysis and ...


The Asian Evolution Of High Speed Rail, Philip G. Laird Aug 2014

The Asian Evolution Of High Speed Rail, Philip G. Laird

Dr Philip Laird

In Australia, in 2001, the Howard government released an East Coast HSR Scoping Study. This followed two major investigations by the private sector into HSR options for Australia; the first being a Sydney Canberra Melbourne Very Fast Train as proposed in 1984 by CSIRO, and the second being the Sydney Canberra Speed HSR proposal.


High Speed Rail In Australia - Much Studied And Slow To Start, Philip Laird Aug 2014

High Speed Rail In Australia - Much Studied And Slow To Start, Philip Laird

Dr Philip Laird

High Speed Rail or HSR with electric passenger trains operating at speeds of 250km/h or more is now operational in 11 countries and has been under recent consideration in Australia for future operation between Melbourne, Canberra, Sydney and Brisbane. The paper outlines HSR studies in Australia and conditionally quantifies the potential reduction of aviation fuel use at up to 0.5m litres per annum from the introduction of HSR by 2020 in Australia with a reduction of external costs at $540m per annum by 2020. In addition, HSR in Eastern Australia by 2020 could allow for some 300 slots ...


The Feasibility Study And Characterziation Of A Two-Dimensional Diode Array In “Magic Phantom” For High Dose Rate Brachytherapy Quality Assurance, A Espinoza, B Beeksma, M Petasecca, I Fuduli, C Porumb, D L. Cutajar, S Corde, M A. Jackson, M Lf Lerch, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld Feb 2014

The Feasibility Study And Characterziation Of A Two-Dimensional Diode Array In “Magic Phantom” For High Dose Rate Brachytherapy Quality Assurance, A Espinoza, B Beeksma, M Petasecca, I Fuduli, C Porumb, D L. Cutajar, S Corde, M A. Jackson, M Lf Lerch, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Stéphanie Corde

High dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy is a radiation treatment technique capable of delivering large dose rates to the tumor. Radiation is delivered using remote afterloaders to drive highly active sources (commonly 192Ir with an air KERMA strength range between 20 000 and 40 000 U, where 1 U = 1 uGy m2/h in air) through applicators directly into the patient's prescribed region of treatment. Due to the obvious ramifications of incorrect treatment while using such an active source, it is essential that there are methods for quality assurance (QA) that can directly and accurately verify the treatment plan and ...


Building A Railway For The 21st Century: Bringing High Speed Rail A Step Closer, Max Michell, Scott Martin, Philip G. Laird Jan 2014

Building A Railway For The 21st Century: Bringing High Speed Rail A Step Closer, Max Michell, Scott Martin, Philip G. Laird

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

High Speed Rail (HSR) operating at maximum speeds of above 250km/h with electric passenger trains are now operational in at least 11 countries. As the feasibility of building an Australian East Coast HSR network between Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane is once again being examined, governments at Federal, State and Local levels need to develop complementary transport infrastructure and services to ensure the long-term financial and operational success of HSR. The lengthy time frame currently envisaged for completing the first stage of an Australian East Coast HSR network by 2035 provides a 20-year window for improving and upgrading urban and ...


Numerical Analysis Of High-Strength Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns Under Cyclic Loading, Vipulkumar Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2014

Numerical Analysis Of High-Strength Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns Under Cyclic Loading, Vipulkumar Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The effects of cyclic local buckling on the behavior of concrete-filled steel tubular (CFST) slender beam-columns under cyclic loading were approximately considered in existing analytical methods by modifying the stress– strain curve for the steel tube in compression. These methods, however, cannot simulate the progressive cyclic local buckling of the steel tubes. This paper presents a new efficient numerical model for predicting the cyclic performance of high strength rectangular CFST slender beam-columns accounting for the effects of progressive cyclic local buckling of steel tube walls under stress gradients. Uniaxial cyclic constitutive laws for the concrete core and steel tubes are ...


Optimal Adaptive Wireless Body Area Networks For High Speed In Health Services, Miftadi Sudjai, Le Chung Tran, Farzad Safaei, Son Lam Phung Jan 2014

Optimal Adaptive Wireless Body Area Networks For High Speed In Health Services, Miftadi Sudjai, Le Chung Tran, Farzad Safaei, Son Lam Phung

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Adaptive ultra-wideband wireless body area networks have been proposed as one of feasible mHealth platforms offering a high-speed, robust mobile health service. The error performance of such sytems outperforms non-adaptive systems by up to 4 dB. To further improve the error performance, the optimization of adaptive parameters is investigated in this paper. Simulation results show that the proposed optimal adaptive systems achieves a 2 dB gain with respect to bit error rate (BER). This improvement is equivalent to extra reduction of the power consumption up to 37% in these networks, thus increasing the longevity and reliability of mHealth services.


On-Chip High-Throughput Manipulation Of Particles In A Dielectrophoresis-Active Hydrophoretic Focuser, Sheng Yan, Jun Zhang, Ming Li, Gursel Alici, Haiping Du, Ronald Sluyter, Weihua Li Jan 2014

On-Chip High-Throughput Manipulation Of Particles In A Dielectrophoresis-Active Hydrophoretic Focuser, Sheng Yan, Jun Zhang, Ming Li, Gursel Alici, Haiping Du, Ronald Sluyter, Weihua Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper proposes a novel concept of dielectrophoresis (DEP)-active hydrophoretic focusing of micro-particles and murine erythroleukemia (MEL) cells. The DEP-active hydrophoretic platform consists of crescent shaped grooves and interdigitated electrodes that generate lateral pressure gradients. These embedded electrodes exert a negative DEP force onto the particles by pushing them into a narrow space in the channel where the particle to groove interaction is intensive and hydrophoretic ordering occurs. Particles passing through the microfluidic device are directed towards the sidewalls of the channel. The critical limitation of DEP operating at a low flow rate and the specific hydrophoretic device for ...


A Study Of Plastic Deformation Behavior During High Pressure Torsion Process By Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Simulation, Peitang Wei, Cheng Lu, A K. Tieu, Guanyu Deng Jan 2014

A Study Of Plastic Deformation Behavior During High Pressure Torsion Process By Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Simulation, Peitang Wei, Cheng Lu, A K. Tieu, Guanyu Deng

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

High pressure torsion (HPT) is an efficient technique of producing ultrafine grained materials with exceptional small grain size. In this study, a crystal plasticity finite element method (CPFEM) model has been developed to investigate the plastic deformation behavior of pure aluminum single crystal during the HPT process. The simulation results show that, the distribution and evolution of the macroscopic plastic strain and the accumulative shear strain are similar. The value increases with the increase of the distance from the center as well as the number of revolution. The simulation is capable of reflecting the anisotropic characteristics of HPT deformation, a ...