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Experimental Evaluation Of Tensile Strength Test Methods For Steel Fibre-Reinforced Concrete, Hussam A. Goaiz, Nabeel Farhan, M Neaz Sheikh, Tao Yu, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2019

Experimental Evaluation Of Tensile Strength Test Methods For Steel Fibre-Reinforced Concrete, Hussam A. Goaiz, Nabeel Farhan, M Neaz Sheikh, Tao Yu, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This study presents an experimental evaluation of three different methods for determining the tensile strength of steel fibre reinforced concrete (SFRC). The test methods include the splitting test (ST), double punch test (DPT) and direct tensile test (DTT). The compressive strength of the concrete used in this study ranged between 30 and 80 MPa with 0%, 1·5% and 3% steel fibre by volume of the concrete. In total, 81 concrete cylinders were cast and tested for 28-d compressive strength, splitting tensile strength and double punch tensile strength of the concrete. In addition, 27 concrete prism specimens were cast and ...


Comparison Of Gmaw And Saw For Ngw Of 50 Mm Q&T Steel Plate, Druce Patrick Dunne, Willy Pang Jan 2018

Comparison Of Gmaw And Saw For Ngw Of 50 Mm Q&T Steel Plate, Druce Patrick Dunne, Willy Pang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

A one-pass-per-layer technique was used for narrow gap welding (NGW) of 50 mm thick plate of quenched and tempered steel with 690 MPa minimum yield strength. GMAW and SAW were investigated for pulsed and non-pulsed welding using the same 1.2 mm strength-matching welding consumable and the same nominal heat inputs for each of the pulsed and non-pulsed welds. The welds were defect-free and the hardness, tensile strength and Charpy impact energies were generally consistent with high weldment integrity. Pulsing of the welding current had the effect of slightly increasing side-wall fusion, flattening the weld bead and decreasing its volume ...


Performance Evaluation And Lubrication Mechanism Of Water-Based Nanolubricants Containing Nano-Tio2 In Hot Steel Rolling, Hui Wu, Jingwei Zhao, Liang Luo, Shuiquan Huang, Lianzhou Wang, Suoquan Zhang, Sihai Jiao, Han Huang, Zhengyi Jiang Jan 2018

Performance Evaluation And Lubrication Mechanism Of Water-Based Nanolubricants Containing Nano-Tio2 In Hot Steel Rolling, Hui Wu, Jingwei Zhao, Liang Luo, Shuiquan Huang, Lianzhou Wang, Suoquan Zhang, Sihai Jiao, Han Huang, Zhengyi Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Hot rolling tests of a low-alloy steel were conducted at a rolling temperature of 850 °C under different lubrication conditions, including benchmarks (dry condition and water) and water-based nanolubricants containing different concentrations of nano-TiO2 from 1.0 to 8.0 wt%. The effects of nanolubricants on rolling force, surface roughness, thickness of oxide scale, and microstructure were systematically investigated through varying nano-TiO2 concentrations. The results show that the application of nanolubricants can decrease the rolling force, surface roughness and oxide scale thickness of rolled steels, and refine ferrite grains. In particular, the nanolubricant containing an optimal concentration (4 ...


Displaced Hardness Peak Phenomenon In Heat-Affected Zone Of Welded Quenched And Tempered Em812 Steel, Druce P. Dunne, W Pang Jan 2017

Displaced Hardness Peak Phenomenon In Heat-Affected Zone Of Welded Quenched And Tempered Em812 Steel, Druce P. Dunne, W Pang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Investigations of microstructural and hardness gradients in the heat-affected zone (HAZ) of quenched and tempered (Q&T) steels have indicated that peak hardness does not occur in the grain-coarsened heat-affected zone (GCHAZ) adjacent to the fusion boundary, which is typical of ferritic steels, but corresponds more closely to the grain-refined region (GRHAZ). This phenomenon, the displaced hardness peak (DHP) effect, is considered to arise when the hardenability of the steel is high enough to result in the same microstructure in the GC and GR heat-affected zones, except for significant refinement of the microstructure of the GRHAZ, which increases the hardness ...


Nonlinear Analysis Of Biaxially Loaded Rectangular Concrete-Filled Stainless Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns, Vipulkumar I. Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2017

Nonlinear Analysis Of Biaxially Loaded Rectangular Concrete-Filled Stainless Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns, Vipulkumar I. Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Rectangular concrete-filled stainless steel tubular (CFSST) beam-columns utilized as supporting members for building frames may experience axial compression and biaxial moments. A numerical simulation considering the local buckling effects for thin-walled rectangular CFSST slender beam-columns has not been performed. This paper reports a stability modeling on the structural characteristics of rectangular CFSST slender beam-columns accounting for different strain-hardening of stainless steel under tension and compression. The influences of local buckling are considered in the simulation utilizing the existing effective width formulations. The developed numerical model simulates the strength interaction and load-deflection behavior of CFSST slender beam-columns. Comparisons of computed results ...


Nonlinear Analysis Of Circular High Strength Concrete-Filled Stainless Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns, Vipulkumar I. Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2017

Nonlinear Analysis Of Circular High Strength Concrete-Filled Stainless Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns, Vipulkumar I. Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Concrete-filled stainless steel tubular (CFSST) slender columns are increasingly used in composite structures owing to their distinguished features, such as aesthetic appearance, high corrosion resistance, high durability and ease of maintenance. Currently, however, there is a lack of an accurate and efficient numerical model that can be utilized to determine the performance of circular CFSST slender columns. This paper describes a nonlinear fiber-based model proposed for computing the deflection and axial load-moment strength interaction responses of eccentrically loaded circular high-strength CFSST slender columns. The fiber-based model incorporates the accurate three-stage stress-strain relations of stainless steels, accounting for different strain hardening ...


Analysis Of Tio2 Nano-Additive Water-Based Lubricants In Hot Rolling Of Microalloyed Steel, Hui Wu, Jingwei Zhao, Wenzhen Xia, Xiawei Cheng, Anshun He, Jung-Ho Yun, Lianzhou Wang, Han Huang, Sihai Jiao, Li Huang, Suoquan Zhang, Zhengyi Jiang Jan 2017

Analysis Of Tio2 Nano-Additive Water-Based Lubricants In Hot Rolling Of Microalloyed Steel, Hui Wu, Jingwei Zhao, Wenzhen Xia, Xiawei Cheng, Anshun He, Jung-Ho Yun, Lianzhou Wang, Han Huang, Sihai Jiao, Li Huang, Suoquan Zhang, Zhengyi Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

No abstract provided.


Behavior Of Self-Compacting Concrete Columns Reinforced Longitudinally With Steel Tubes, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Faez Alhussainy, M Neaz Sheikh Jan 2017

Behavior Of Self-Compacting Concrete Columns Reinforced Longitudinally With Steel Tubes, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Faez Alhussainy, M Neaz Sheikh

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This study investigates the behavior of self-compacting concrete (SCC) specimens reinforced with small-diameter steel tubes in lieu of reinforcing bars. Twenty specimens were cast and tested. Four specimens were reinforced with normal steel bars (reference specimens) and the remaining 16 with steel tubes. All specimens contained steel helices with a pitch of either 50 mm or 75 mm. Deformed steel bars of 16-mm diameter were used in the four reference specimens as longitudinal reinforcement. Steel tubes of 33.7-mm outside diameter with 2-mm wall thickness (ST33.7) and steel tubes of 26.9-mm outside diameter with 2.6-mm wall thickness ...


Hybrid Structure Of White Layer In High Carbon Steel - Formation Mechanism And Its Properties, Rumana Hossain, Farshid Pahlevani, Evelien Witteveen, Amborish Banerjee, Bill Joe, B Prusty, Rian J. Dippenaar, Veena Sahajwalla Jan 2017

Hybrid Structure Of White Layer In High Carbon Steel - Formation Mechanism And Its Properties, Rumana Hossain, Farshid Pahlevani, Evelien Witteveen, Amborish Banerjee, Bill Joe, B Prusty, Rian J. Dippenaar, Veena Sahajwalla

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This study identifies for the first time, the hybrid structure of the white layer in high carbon steel and describes its formation mechanism and properties. The so-called 'white layer' in steel forms during high strain rate deformation and appears featureless under optical microscopy. While many researchers have investigated the formation of the white layer, there has been no definitive study, nor is there sufficient evidence to fully explain the formation, structure and properties of the layer. In this study, the formation, morphology and mechanical properties of the white layer was determined following impact testing, using a combination of optical and ...


Effects Of Oil-In-Water Based Nanolubricant Containing Tio2 Nanoparticles In Hot Rolling Of 304 Stainless Steel, Wenzhen Xia, Jingwei Zhao, Hui Wu, Xianming Zhao, Xiaoming Zhang, Jianzhong Xu, Sihai Jiao, Zhengyi Jiang Jan 2017

Effects Of Oil-In-Water Based Nanolubricant Containing Tio2 Nanoparticles In Hot Rolling Of 304 Stainless Steel, Wenzhen Xia, Jingwei Zhao, Hui Wu, Xianming Zhao, Xiaoming Zhang, Jianzhong Xu, Sihai Jiao, Zhengyi Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Energy saving and improvement of product quality are of crucial importance in hot rolling of 304 stainless steel. In this paper, oil-in-water (O/W) based nanolubricants containing TiO2 nanoparticles were developed to reduce the rolling force and improve the surface quality of rolled 304 stainless steel product. Practical hot rolling tests with and without application of lubricant were conducted to systematically investigate the effects of the developed O/W based nanolubricants on the rolling force, surface roughness, oxide scale thickness and tribological behaviour. The obtained results indicate that the nanoparticles can enter the deform zone with oil droplets to ...


Strain-Induced Ferrite Formation And Its Effect On Mechanical Properties Of A Dual Phase Steel Produced Using Laboratory Simulated Strip Casting, Zhiping Xiong, Ahmed A. Saleh, Andrii Kostryzhev, Elena V. Pereloma Jan 2017

Strain-Induced Ferrite Formation And Its Effect On Mechanical Properties Of A Dual Phase Steel Produced Using Laboratory Simulated Strip Casting, Zhiping Xiong, Ahmed A. Saleh, Andrii Kostryzhev, Elena V. Pereloma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Thermo-mechanical processing of a strip cast dual phase (DP) steel was carried out using a Gleeble thermo-mechanical simulator. The effect of deformation temperatures in the range from 1050 to 700 °C on the microstructure evolution was investigated using optical, scanning and transmission electron microscopy along with electron backscattering diffraction (EBSD). Strain-induced ferrite (SIF) formation was observed following austenite deformation (∼0.41 reduction) in the 800–700 °C temperature range, leading to a ferrite grain refinement down to 3.1 ± 2.3 μm. A novel segmentation procedure was applied to separate selected EBSD maps into polygonal ferrite, SIF and second phase ...


Experimental Investigation Of Composite Beams Reinforced With Gfrp I-Beam And Steel Bars, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Jiansong Yuan Jan 2017

Experimental Investigation Of Composite Beams Reinforced With Gfrp I-Beam And Steel Bars, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Jiansong Yuan

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This paper presents results of an experimental study on the flexural behaviour of a composite beam, which is reinforced with longitudinal tensile steel bars as well as glass fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP) pultruded I-beam encased in concrete. Five beam specimens, including one traditional reinforced concrete (RC) beam and four composite beams, were cast and tested under four-point bending. The variables involved in the composite beams include the type of longitudinal tensile bars (steel bars and GFRP bars) and the location of the I-beam in the cross-section (middle and a shift of 30 mm towards the tension region). The test results ...


Lubrication Characterisation Analysis Of Stainless Steel Foil During Micro Rolling, Haibo Xie, Kenichi Manabe, Tsuyoshi Furushima, Kazuo Tada, Zhengyi Jiang Jan 2016

Lubrication Characterisation Analysis Of Stainless Steel Foil During Micro Rolling, Haibo Xie, Kenichi Manabe, Tsuyoshi Furushima, Kazuo Tada, Zhengyi Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Physical parameters, such as microscopic and roughness, play important roles in microforming process due to an increasing ratio of surface to volume of the deformed material. The study on lubrication characterisation in microforming is getting more attractive to researchers because traditional models are not reliable in this scaled down process. In this study, the micro rolling deformation characterisation has been investigated on SUS 304 stainless steel considering lubricant effect and feature size effect. The foil thickness plays an important role in the tribological features of micro rolling. The evolutions of both oil film thickness and foil surface are analysed accordingly ...


On The Feasibility Of Partial Slip Reversal And De-Twinning During The Cyclic Loading Of Twip Steel, Ahmed A. Saleh, Bjorn Clausen, Donald W. Brown, Elena V. Pereloma, Christopher H. J Davies, Carlos N. Tome, Azdiar A. Gazder Jan 2016

On The Feasibility Of Partial Slip Reversal And De-Twinning During The Cyclic Loading Of Twip Steel, Ahmed A. Saleh, Bjorn Clausen, Donald W. Brown, Elena V. Pereloma, Christopher H. J Davies, Carlos N. Tome, Azdiar A. Gazder

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A recently modified Elasto-Plastic Self-Consistent (EPSC) model which empirically accounts for both intergranular and intragranular back stresses has been successfully used to simulate the cyclic (tension-compression) loading behaviour of an Fe-24Mn-3Al-2Si-1Ni-0.06C TWinning Induced Plasticity (TWIP) steel between strain limits of ±1%. Lattice strain measurements acquired via in-situ neutron diffraction were used to further validate the modelling results. An improved prediction of the pronounced Bauschinger effect during unloading is achieved when the reversibility of partial slip in the 〈112〉 direction is accounted for. This result indicates a potential contribution of the stress-induced separation of partial dislocations to the observed early ...


Influence Of Cr-Rich Oxide Scale On Sliding Wear Mechanism Of Ferritic Stainless Steel At High Temperature, Xiawei Cheng, Zhengyi Jiang, Buyung Kosasih, Hui Wu, Suzhen Luo, Laizhu Jiang Jan 2016

Influence Of Cr-Rich Oxide Scale On Sliding Wear Mechanism Of Ferritic Stainless Steel At High Temperature, Xiawei Cheng, Zhengyi Jiang, Buyung Kosasih, Hui Wu, Suzhen Luo, Laizhu Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The tribological tests of a ferritic stainless steel (FSS) 445 in contact with high-speed steel (HSS) were performed on a high-temperature pin-on-disc tribometer. Wear exhibited significant difference when the FSS 445 was oxidised with a Cr-rich oxide scale on the surface. The HSS pin displayed adhesive wear when there was no oxide scale on the stainless steel disc, and in the early stages, the coefficient of friction fluctuated significantly, but the level of wear changed as Cr2O3 particles formed. The wear was then reduced, and the coefficient of friction remained stable. The Cr-rich oxide scale which formed on the stainless ...


Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of Strip Cast Trip Steel Subjected To Thermo-Mechanical Simulation, Zhiping Xiong, Andrii Kostryzhev, Liang Chen, Elena V. Pereloma Jan 2016

Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of Strip Cast Trip Steel Subjected To Thermo-Mechanical Simulation, Zhiping Xiong, Andrii Kostryzhev, Liang Chen, Elena V. Pereloma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Instead of hot rolling and cold rolling followed by annealing, strip casting is a more economic and environmentally friendly way to produce transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) steels. According to industrial practice of strip casting, rapid cooling in this work was achieved using a dip tester, and a Gleeble 3500 thermo-mechanical simulator was used to carry out the processing route. A typical microstructure of TRIP steels, which included ~0.55 fraction of polygonal ferrite with bainite, retained austenite and martensite, was obtained. The effects of deformation (0.41 reduction) above non-recrystallisation temperature, isothermal bainite transformation temperature and the size of second phase ...


Characterisation And Resource Development Of Steel Plant By-Product Streams, Raymond Longbottom, Brian J. Monaghan, Guangqing Zhang, Sheng Chew, David J. Pinson Jan 2016

Characterisation And Resource Development Of Steel Plant By-Product Streams, Raymond Longbottom, Brian J. Monaghan, Guangqing Zhang, Sheng Chew, David J. Pinson

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The recycling of steel plant by-products is a critical issue that needs thorough assessment and development for the sustainability of the integrated steel plant, from both environmental and economical perspectives. Research is being undertaken in the Steel Research Hub that aims to realise the value of by-products to the Australian steel industry and minimise the amount of by-product going to long term stockpile. As the first step, dust from basic oxygen steelmaking (BOS), a major steel plant by-product stream, is being characterised so that its potential use on plant or elsewhere can be assessed and evaluated. BOS dust contains components ...


Design-Oriented Stress–Strain Model For Concrete Under Combined Frp-Steel Confinement, G Lin, Tao Yu, Jin Guang Teng Jan 2016

Design-Oriented Stress–Strain Model For Concrete Under Combined Frp-Steel Confinement, G Lin, Tao Yu, Jin Guang Teng

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Extensive research has been conducted on fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP)-confined plain and RC columns, leading to a large number of stress–strain models. Most of these models have been developed for FRP-confined plain concrete and are thus applicable only to concrete in FRP-confined RC columns with a negligible amount of transverse steel reinforcement. The few models that have been developed for concrete under the combined confinement of FRP and transverse steel reinforcement are either inaccurate or too complex for direct use in design. This paper presents an accurate design-oriented stress–strain model for concrete under combined FRP-steel confinement in FRP-confined ...


Experimental And Numerical Study On The Effect Of Zddp Films On Sticking During Hot Rolling Of Ferritic Stainless Steel Strip, Liang Hao, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Dianyao Gong, Xiawei Cheng, Jingwei Zhao, Suzhen Luo, Laizhu Jiang Jan 2016

Experimental And Numerical Study On The Effect Of Zddp Films On Sticking During Hot Rolling Of Ferritic Stainless Steel Strip, Liang Hao, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Dianyao Gong, Xiawei Cheng, Jingwei Zhao, Suzhen Luo, Laizhu Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of zinc dialkyl dithio phosphate (ZDDP) films on sticking during hot rolling of a ferritic stainless steel strip. The surface characterization and crack propagation of the oxide scale are very important for understanding the mechanism of the sticking. The high-temperature oxidation of one typical ferritic stainless was conducted at 1373 K (1100 °C) for understanding its microstructure and surface morphology. Hot-rolling tests of a ferritic stainless steel strip show that no obvious cracks among the oxide scale were observed with the application of ZDDP. A finite element method model was ...


Waste Activated Sludge Hydrolysis And Acidification: A Comparison Between Sodium Hydroxide And Steel Slag Addition, Ying Zhang, Chaojie Zhang, Xuan Zhang, Leiyu Feng, Yongmei Li, Qi Zhou Jan 2016

Waste Activated Sludge Hydrolysis And Acidification: A Comparison Between Sodium Hydroxide And Steel Slag Addition, Ying Zhang, Chaojie Zhang, Xuan Zhang, Leiyu Feng, Yongmei Li, Qi Zhou

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Alkaline treatment with steel slag and NaOH addition were investigated under different pH conditions for the fermentation of waste activated sludge. Better performance was achieved in steel slag addition scenarios for both sludge hydrolysis and acidification. More solubilization of organic matters and much production of higher VFA (volatile fatty acid) in a shorter time can be achieved at pH. 10 when adjusted by steel slag. Higher enzyme activities were also observed in steel slag addition scenarios under the same pH conditions. Phosphorus concentration in the supernatant increased with fermentation time and pH in NaOH addition scenarios, while in contrast most ...


Effect Of Deformation On Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of Dual Phase Steel Produced Via Strip Casting Simulation, Zhiping Xiong, Andrii Kostryzhev, Nicole Stanford, Elena V. Pereloma Jan 2016

Effect Of Deformation On Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of Dual Phase Steel Produced Via Strip Casting Simulation, Zhiping Xiong, Andrii Kostryzhev, Nicole Stanford, Elena V. Pereloma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The strip casting is a recently appeared technology with a potential to significantly reduce energy consumption in steel production, compared to hot rolling and cold rolling. However, the quantitative dependences of the steel microstructure and mechanical properties on strip casting parameters are unknown and require investigation. In the present work we studied the effects of strain and interrupted cooling temperature on microstructure and mechanical properties in conventional dual phase steel (0.08C-0.81Si-1.47Mn-0.03Al wt%). The strip casting process was simulated using a Gleeble 3500 thermo-mechanical simulator. The steel microstructures were studied using optical, scanning and transmission electron microscopy ...


Microstructures And Mechanical Properties Of Trip Steel Produced By Strip Casting Simulated In The Laboratory, Zhiping Xiong, Andrii Kostryzhev, Ahmed A. Saleh, Liang Chen, Elena V. Pereloma Jan 2016

Microstructures And Mechanical Properties Of Trip Steel Produced By Strip Casting Simulated In The Laboratory, Zhiping Xiong, Andrii Kostryzhev, Ahmed A. Saleh, Liang Chen, Elena V. Pereloma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Conventional transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) steel (0.17C-1.52Si-1.61Mn-0.03Al, wt%) was produced via strip casting technology simulated in the laboratory. Effects of holding temperature, holding time and cooling rate on ferrite formation were studied via analysis of the continuous cooling transformation diagram obtained here. A typical microstructure for conventional TRIP steels consisting of ~ 0.55 fraction of polygonal ferrite with bainite, retained austenite and martensite was obtained. However, coarse prior austenite grain size of ~80 μm led to large polygonal ferrite grain size of ~17 μm, coarse second phase regions of ~21 μm size, small amount of retained ...


Cyclic Lateral Response Of Frp-Confined Circular Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Columns, Tao Yu, Y M. Hu, Jin Guang Teng Jan 2016

Cyclic Lateral Response Of Frp-Confined Circular Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Columns, Tao Yu, Y M. Hu, Jin Guang Teng

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Concrete-filled steel tubular (CFT) columns are widely used as columns in many structural systems and a common failure mode of such tubular columns is inelastic outward local buckling near a column end. The use of fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) jackets/wraps for the suppression of such local buckling has recently been proposed and has been proven to possess excellent potential in both retrofit/strengthening and new construction. This paper presents the results of an experimental study into the behaviour of large-scale FRP-confined CFT (CCFT) columns under combined axial compression and lateral loading. The test parameters included the stiffness of the FRP ...


Combined Bearing And Shear-Out Capacity Of Structural Steel Bolted Connections, Lip H. Teh, Mehmet Eren Uz Jan 2016

Combined Bearing And Shear-Out Capacity Of Structural Steel Bolted Connections, Lip H. Teh, Mehmet Eren Uz

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This study is concerned with the strength limit state of serial bolted connections in structural steel plates. It points out that the ultimate load capacity of a serial bolted connection failing in combined bearing and shear-out cannot be computed as the simple sum of the respective ultimate bearing and ultimate shear-out capacities, which is implicitly permitted in design specifications worldwide. Based on the laboratory test results of 10 hot-rolled steel plate specimens composed of three different grades with nominal thicknesses ranging from 5 to 8 mm, the paper first establishes the ultimate bearing coefficient of a 20-mm bolted connection in ...


Shape Optimisation Of Cold-Formed Steel Columns With Manufacturing Constraints Using The Hough Transform, Bin Wang, Benoit P. Gilbert, Adrien M. Molinier, Hong Guan, Lip H. Teh Jan 2016

Shape Optimisation Of Cold-Formed Steel Columns With Manufacturing Constraints Using The Hough Transform, Bin Wang, Benoit P. Gilbert, Adrien M. Molinier, Hong Guan, Lip H. Teh

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper introduces manufacturing constraints into a recently developed evolutionary algorithm for shape optimisation of CFS profiles. The algorithm is referred to as "self-shape optimisation" and uses Genetic Algorithm (GA) together with the Augmented Lagrangian (AL) method to avoid ill-conditioned problems. Simple manufacturing rules derived from the limitations of current cold-forming processes, i.e. a limited ability to form continuously curved surfaces without discrete bends, are described in the paper and incorporated into the algorithm. The Hough transform is used to detect straight lines and transform arbitrarily drawn cross-sections into manufacturable ones. Firstly, the algorithm is verified against a known ...


Compressive Behavior Of Frp-Confined Concrete-Encased Steel Columns, Tao Yu, G Lin, Shi Shun Zhang Jan 2016

Compressive Behavior Of Frp-Confined Concrete-Encased Steel Columns, Tao Yu, G Lin, Shi Shun Zhang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

FRP-confined concrete-encased steel I-section columns (FCSCs) are an emerging form of hybrid columns. An FCSC consists of an outer FRP tube, an encased steel section and a concrete infill. The FCSCs possess many advantages over conventional reinforced concrete columns, including the excellent corrosion resistance, excellent ductility and ease for construction. Existing studies on FCSCs, however, have been rather limited. This paper presents a combined experimental and theoretical study on the behavior of FCSCs under concentric and eccentric compression. The experimental program included the testing of a total of 14 specimens, with the main variables being the section configuration, the thickness ...


Oxide Scale Characterization Of Ferritic Stainless Steel And Its Deformation And Friction In Hot Rolling, Xiawei Cheng, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Liang Hao, Jingwei Zhao, Laizhu Jiang Jan 2015

Oxide Scale Characterization Of Ferritic Stainless Steel And Its Deformation And Friction In Hot Rolling, Xiawei Cheng, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Liang Hao, Jingwei Zhao, Laizhu Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The oxidation kinetics of ferritic stainless steel 430 was studied in dry and humid air at 1090 °C by Thermo Gravimetric Analysis (TGA). Different atmospheres and heating times were adopted for reheating to obtain different compositions and thickness of the oxide scale. Hot rolling was performed on a 2-high Hille 100 experimental rolling mill at various reductions. Oxide scale thickness and composition were analysed with optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The surface profiles were examined by a digital microscope, and the topographic features of the thin oxide scale surface were examined with an atomic ...


Investigation Of X70 Line Pipe Steel Fracture During Single Edge-Notched Tensile Testing Using Acoustic Emission Monitoring, Turbadrakh Chuluunbat, Cheng Lu, Andrii Kostryzhev, A Kiet Tieu Jan 2015

Investigation Of X70 Line Pipe Steel Fracture During Single Edge-Notched Tensile Testing Using Acoustic Emission Monitoring, Turbadrakh Chuluunbat, Cheng Lu, Andrii Kostryzhev, A Kiet Tieu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper presents an investigation of the fracture behavior of X70 pipeline steel using the acoustic emission (AE) monitoring technique. The AE monitoring technique is widely used in mechanical and materials research for detection of plastic deformation, fracture initiation and crack growth. However, quantitative dependences of the AE parameters (such as signal amplitude and frequency) on the fracture parameters of X70 pipeline steel (such as ductile and brittle fracture initiation and propagation) have not been studied in depth and are therefore not completely understood. In this paper, we report an investigation of the effect of loading conditions on the fracture ...


Interface Analysis And Hot Deformation Behaviour Of A Novel Laminated Composite With High-Cr Cast Iron And Low Carbon Steel Prepared By Hot Compression Bonding, Zhengyi Jiang, Xingjian Gao, Sheng-Li Li, Hong Mei Zhang, Dengfu Chen, Jian Zhong Xu Jan 2015

Interface Analysis And Hot Deformation Behaviour Of A Novel Laminated Composite With High-Cr Cast Iron And Low Carbon Steel Prepared By Hot Compression Bonding, Zhengyi Jiang, Xingjian Gao, Sheng-Li Li, Hong Mei Zhang, Dengfu Chen, Jian Zhong Xu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A hot compression bonding process was developed to prepare a novel laminated composite consisting of high-Cr cast iron (HCCI) as the inner layer and low carbon steel (LCS) as the outer layers on a Gleeble 3500 thermomechanical simulator at a temperature of 950 °C and a strain rate of 0.001 S-1. Interfacial bond quality and hot deformation behaviour of the laminate were studied by microstructural characterisation and mechanical tests. Experimental results show that the metallurgical bond between the constituent metals was achieved under the proposed bonding conditions without discernible defects and the formation of interlayer or intermetallic layer ...


Effect Of Temperature On Microstructure And Deformation Mechanism Of Fe-30mn-3si-4al Twip Steel At Strain Rate Of 700 S-1, Zhiping Xiong, Xue-Ping Ren, Jian Shu, Zhe-Lei Wang, Wei-Ping Bao, Shu-Xia Li Jan 2015

Effect Of Temperature On Microstructure And Deformation Mechanism Of Fe-30mn-3si-4al Twip Steel At Strain Rate Of 700 S-1, Zhiping Xiong, Xue-Ping Ren, Jian Shu, Zhe-Lei Wang, Wei-Ping Bao, Shu-Xia Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

As twinning-induced plasticity (TWIP) steel is one potential material for shaped charge liner due to the combination of high strength and high plasticity, deformation mechanism at high strain rate and high temperature is required to study. Compression experiments of Fe-30Mn-3Si-4Al TWIP steel were conducted using a Gleeble-1500 thermal simulation machine and a split-Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) between 298 and 1073 K at strain rates of 10-3 and 700 s-1, respectively. Microstructures were observed using optical microscopy (OM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Results show that flow stress and densities of deformation twins and dislocations decrease with increasing deformation temperature at ...