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Full-Text Articles in Science and Technology Studies

A Question Of Trust: Can We Build An Evidence Base To Gain Trust In Systematic Review Automation Technologies?, Annette M. O'Connor, Guy Tsafnat, James Thomas, Paul Glasziou, Stephen B. Gilbert, Brian Hutton Dec 2019

A Question Of Trust: Can We Build An Evidence Base To Gain Trust In Systematic Review Automation Technologies?, Annette M. O'Connor, Guy Tsafnat, James Thomas, Paul Glasziou, Stephen B. Gilbert, Brian Hutton

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Background Although many aspects of systematic reviews use computational tools, systematic reviewers have been reluctant to adopt machine learning tools.

Discussion We discuss that the potential reason for the slow adoption of machine learning tools into systematic reviews is multifactorial. We focus on the current absence of trust in automation and set-up challenges as major barriers to adoption. It is important that reviews produced using automation tools are considered non-inferior or superior to current practice. However, this standard will likely not be sufficient to lead to widespread adoption. As with many technologies, it is important that reviewers see “others” in ...


9th Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium, University Of Texas Md Anderson Cancer Center Postdoctoral Association Sep 2019

9th Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium, University Of Texas Md Anderson Cancer Center Postdoctoral Association

MD Anderson Cancer Center Postdoctoral Association Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium Abstracts

The mission of the Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium (APSS) is to provide a platform for talented postdoctoral fellows throughout the Texas Medical Center to present their work to a wider audience. The MD Anderson Postdoctoral Association convened its inaugural Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium (APSS) on August 4, 2011.

The APSS provides a professional venue for postdoctoral scientists to develop, clarify, and refine their research as a result of formal reviews and critiques of faculty and other postdoctoral scientists. Additionally, attendees discuss current research on a broad range of subjects while promoting academic interactions and enrichment and developing new collaborations.


The Internet's Invisible Cleanup Crew, Emily Drabinski Aug 2019

The Internet's Invisible Cleanup Crew, Emily Drabinski

Publications and Research

Review of Behind the Screen: Content Moderation in the Shadow of Social Media by Sarah T. Roberts


Meta-Analysis Of Public Acceptance Of Unmanned Aircraft Systems In The United States, Miles M. Legere Jul 2019

Meta-Analysis Of Public Acceptance Of Unmanned Aircraft Systems In The United States, Miles M. Legere

Student Works

Automated and unmanned systems are rapidly revolutionizing every aspect of military, commercial, and public use operations in the United States. While this technology serves effectively in dull, dirty, and dangerous tasks, the rapid introduction of unmanned technologies into society has generated intense debate about their ethical, moral, and legal use. Specifically, the rise in the development and application of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) has created significant public discord. As public acceptance of UAS plays a major role in the regulatory decisions that allow for expanded use in commercial and public use applications, it is critically important to understand the complexities ...


Wrack Lines Volume 19, Number 1, Spring/Summer 2019, Nancy Balcom, Syma Ebbin, David Gregorio, Richard Telford, Judy Benson Jun 2019

Wrack Lines Volume 19, Number 1, Spring/Summer 2019, Nancy Balcom, Syma Ebbin, David Gregorio, Richard Telford, Judy Benson

Wrack Lines

Issue theme is: "Making Connections: As the Climate Changes, People and Nature Intertwine in New Ways." Articles include: "As More Roads Become Rivers, Communities Search for Solutions;" "Solving an Engineering Conundrum: As Coastal Homes Get Elevated, New Research Looks at Whether Vulnerability to Wind Damage Is Increasing;" "Along the Coast, Residents Consider How to Heed Sandy's Warning of What's to Come;" "All Rivers, All Lives Run to the Sea," about the intersection of waterways and the world of nature writer Edwin Way Teale; and "Crosscurrents: Connecticut Sea Grant's Retrospective Exhibition Makes Waves," about reaching new audiences and ...


Scientometric Mapping Of Research Output Of Nirf First Ranked Institute Of India: Iisc, Bangalore, Satish Kumar, Senthilkumar R. Jun 2019

Scientometric Mapping Of Research Output Of Nirf First Ranked Institute Of India: Iisc, Bangalore, Satish Kumar, Senthilkumar R.

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The study is aimed to investigate the scientific research productivity of India’s NIRF first ranked higher academic & research institute, Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore for a period of 05 years during 2014-2018. A total of 12,130 research papers were retrieved as SCIE publication from WoS bibliographical database and analyzed. The study is focused to find out the year wise institutional contribution in research, compound annual growth rate, areas of interest, collaborating institutions and countries, mode of publications, research funding agencies, prolific journals, prolific authors, authorship pattern, degree of collaborations etc. Different scientometric tools and techniques were used ...


Returns On Library Investment: A Study Of The Leading Engineering And Technology Institutes In India, Shivendra Singh, Ramesh Pandita Mr. May 2019

Returns On Library Investment: A Study Of The Leading Engineering And Technology Institutes In India, Shivendra Singh, Ramesh Pandita Mr.

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The study is based on the secondary data compiled by the Ministry of Human Resource & Development, Govt., of India for the period 2012-13, 2013-14 & 2014-15 and was released as the ranking list of Institutes of Engineering and Technology in India for the year 2016. The study aims to assess the Returns on Investment (ROI) of the twenty leading libraries of the Institutes of Engineering and Technology in India in the form of institutional research output. An attempted has also been made to rank the each individual library on the basis of seven different parameters chosen for the study and worked ...


What Can We Do? Puzzling Over The Interpretation Of Heredity And Variation From Galton To Genetic Engineering, Peter J. Taylor May 2019

What Can We Do? Puzzling Over The Interpretation Of Heredity And Variation From Galton To Genetic Engineering, Peter J. Taylor

Working Papers on Science in a Changing World

First six chapters of a book motivated as follows: When I had mentioned to colleagues that I was exploring some significant issues overlooked by both sides in nature-nurture debates, the typical response was “we know, of course, that nature and nurture are intertwined”; they never asked “which nature-nurture science are you referring to?” It occurred to me that, in the long history of nature-nurture debates, opposing sides had always assumed or implied that these different scientific approaches were speaking to the same issues. If that were the case, then the challenge—something I was already puzzling over—was how best ...


Uber Effort: The Production Of Worker Consent In Online Ride Sharing Platforms, Ruotong Wang May 2019

Uber Effort: The Production Of Worker Consent In Online Ride Sharing Platforms, Ruotong Wang

Sociology Honors Projects

The rise of the online gig economy alters ways of working. Mediated by algorithmically programmed mobile apps, platforms such as Uber and Lyft allow workers to work by driving and completing rides at any time or in any place that the drivers choose. This hybrid form of labor in an online gig economy which combines independent contract work with computer-mediated work differs from traditional manufacturing jobs in both its production activity and production relations. Through nine interviews with Lyft/Uber drivers, I found that workers’ consent, which was first articulated by Michael Burawoy in the context of the manufacturing economy ...


Disruptive Innovation: The Rise Of The Knowledge-Sharing Market In China, Yaqing Lan Apr 2019

Disruptive Innovation: The Rise Of The Knowledge-Sharing Market In China, Yaqing Lan

International Studies Honors Projects

Innovation is a major subject of international political economy, but mainstream discussions focus on scientific research and development and detach innovation development from their social contexts. In response to this view, this project reveals the importance of cultural and social factors in influencing innovation development by examining the rise of the knowledge-sharing market (KSM) -- a social-network-site-based economy in China. It suggests the KSM is a disruptive innovation not only because it is pioneered by a latecomer in the global innovation market, China, but also because its emergence from the changing Chinese consumer demands disrupts the mainstream thinking of innovation.


The Controversial F-35 Joint Strike Fighter: America's Most Expensive Weapons System And Its Global Impact, Bert Chapman Apr 2019

The Controversial F-35 Joint Strike Fighter: America's Most Expensive Weapons System And Its Global Impact, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Creative Materials

Presentation describing my 2019 Palgrave Macmillan book Global Defense Procurement and the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. It describes this aircraft and places particular emphasis on the government information resources from multiple countries used in writing this book.


The Pedagogy Of Design And Technology At Xavier University Of Louisiana, New Orleans, Shayna Tova Blum Apr 2019

The Pedagogy Of Design And Technology At Xavier University Of Louisiana, New Orleans, Shayna Tova Blum

Faculty and Staff Publications

Abstract. Xavier University of Louisiana (XULA) is a Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) university located in New Orleans, Louisiana. As a Historically Black University (HBCU), the university serves a diverse community of students in which many are first-generation, college graduates. Students enrolled in Design courses at XULA are studying in Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Art programs and majoring in subjects such as Computer Science, Physics, Mass Communication, Art, Business, and Science. The interdisciplinary student environment offers a unique opportunity for collaboration and peer learning, whereby students are able to share diverse perspectives on a topic by relating ...


A News Verification Browser For The Detection Of Clickbait, Satire, And Falsified News, Victoria Rubin, Chris Brogly, Nadia Conroy, Yimin Chen, Sarah E. Cornwell, Toluwase V. Asubiaro Mar 2019

A News Verification Browser For The Detection Of Clickbait, Satire, And Falsified News, Victoria Rubin, Chris Brogly, Nadia Conroy, Yimin Chen, Sarah E. Cornwell, Toluwase V. Asubiaro

FIMS Publications

The LiT.RL News Verification Browser is a research tool for news readers, journalists, editors or information professionals. The tool analyzes the language used in digital news web pages to determine if they are clickbait, satirical news, or falsified news, and visualizes the results by highlighting content in color-coded categories. Although the clickbait, satire, and falsification detectors perform to certain accuracy levels on test data, during real-world internet use accuracy may vary. The browser is not a replacement for digital literacy and is not always correct. All processing is completed on the local machine - results are not sent to or ...


The Social Construction Of Life: Critical Thinking About Biology In Society, Peter J. Taylor Feb 2019

The Social Construction Of Life: Critical Thinking About Biology In Society, Peter J. Taylor

Working Papers on Science in a Changing World

This book aims to expand the boundaries of the influences that readers consider when interpreting the practices and products of the life sciences ("biology") and their impact on society. The chapter topics include: Interpreting Ideas of Nature; The structure of origin stories; Multiple layers in influencing an audience: The case of Darwin's On the Origin of Species; Metaphors of coordination and development; What causes a disease?—the consequences of hereditarianism in the case of pellagra; How changeable are IQ test scores?; Social negotiations around genetic screening; Intersecting processes involving genes and environment.

Each chapter consists of 5 parts:

1 ...


Question Answering For Suicide Risk Assessment Using Reddit, Amanuel Alambo, Usha Lokala, Ugur Kursuncu, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Amelia Gyrard, Randon S. Welton, Jyotishman Pathak, Amit P. Sheth Feb 2019

Question Answering For Suicide Risk Assessment Using Reddit, Amanuel Alambo, Usha Lokala, Ugur Kursuncu, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Amelia Gyrard, Randon S. Welton, Jyotishman Pathak, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

Mental Health America designed ten questionnaires that are used to determine the risk of mental disorders. They are also commonly used by Mental Health Professionals (MHPs) to assess suicidality. Specifically, the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS), a widely used suicide assessment questionnaire, helps MHPs determine the severity of suicide risk and offer an appropriate treatment. A major challenge in suicide treatment is the social stigma wherein the patient feels reluctance in discussing his/her conditions with an MHP, which leads to inaccurate assessment and treatment of patients. On the other hand, the same patient is comfortable freely discussing his ...


Empathi: An Ontology For Emergency Managing And Planning About Hazard Crisis, Manas Gaur, Kaeedeh Shekarpour, Amelia Gyrard, Amit P. Sheth Jan 2019

Empathi: An Ontology For Emergency Managing And Planning About Hazard Crisis, Manas Gaur, Kaeedeh Shekarpour, Amelia Gyrard, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

In the domain of emergency management during hazard crises, having sufficient situational awareness information is critical. It requires capturing and integrating information from sources such as satellite images, local sensors and social media content generated by local people.
A bold obstacle to capturing, representing and integrating such heterogeneous and diverse information is lack of a proper ontology which properly conceptualizes this domain, aggregates and unifies datasets. Thus, in this paper, we introduce empathi ontology which conceptualizes the core concepts describing the domain of emergency managing and planning of hazard crises.
Although empathi has a coarse-grained view, it considers the necessary ...


A Novel Cloud Based Auxiliary Medical System For Hypertension Management, Rui Zhou, Yunshan Cao, Rui Zhou, Qingwei Zhou, Jun Shen, Qingguo Zhou, Haifeng Zhang Jan 2019

A Novel Cloud Based Auxiliary Medical System For Hypertension Management, Rui Zhou, Yunshan Cao, Rui Zhou, Qingwei Zhou, Jun Shen, Qingguo Zhou, Haifeng Zhang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

As a common disease, hypertension (HTN) can lead to severe complications such as heart failure, renal failure and stroke. However, delayed diagnosis often happens because of no obvious symptoms in earlier stage. This paper addresses the issue through a novel cloud based auxiliary medical system for HTN. Nowadays, telemedicine has been used to diagnose and monitor HTN by sharing and consulting personal health status with doctors. Its high flexibility and processing ability have helped to reduce the overall cost of medical care and enhanced the control rate. Technically, telemedicine uses communication, holographic imaging and computer science to achieve the management ...


Monte Carlo Investigation Of The Characteristics Of Radioactive Beams For Heavy Ion Therapy, Andrew Chacon, Mitra Safavi-Naeini, David Bolst, Susanna Guatelli, Daniel R. Franklin, Yuma Iwao, Go Akamatsu, Hideaki Tashima, Eiji Yoshida, Fumihiko Nishikido, Atsushi Kitagawa, Akram Mohammadi, Marie-Claude Gregoire, Taiga Yamaya, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld Jan 2019

Monte Carlo Investigation Of The Characteristics Of Radioactive Beams For Heavy Ion Therapy, Andrew Chacon, Mitra Safavi-Naeini, David Bolst, Susanna Guatelli, Daniel R. Franklin, Yuma Iwao, Go Akamatsu, Hideaki Tashima, Eiji Yoshida, Fumihiko Nishikido, Atsushi Kitagawa, Akram Mohammadi, Marie-Claude Gregoire, Taiga Yamaya, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of Coal Seam Gas Drainability For Outburst-Prone And High-Co2-Containing Coal Seam, Lei Zhang, Ting X. Ren, Naj Aziz, Cun Zhang Jan 2019

Evaluation Of Coal Seam Gas Drainability For Outburst-Prone And High-Co2-Containing Coal Seam, Lei Zhang, Ting X. Ren, Naj Aziz, Cun Zhang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This paper presents the results of an evaluation study of gas drainability in the Bulli seam in the Southern Coalfield of the Sydney Basin, NSW, Australia, where the coal seam gas (CSG) contains a high proportion of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ). Historically the gas drainability in some particular areas of this coal seam was found to be particularly poor, which posed a significant challenge to gas predrainage. As a result, a large volume of greenhouse gases were released to the atmosphere during mining of the coal seam. Furthermore, the high gas content associated with the CO 2 -rich composition also ...


Functional Liquid Metal Nanoparticles Produced By Liquid-Based Nebulization, Shiyang Tang, Ruirui Qiao, Yiliang Lin, Yuhuan Li, Qianbin Zhao, Dan Yuan, Guolin Yun, Jinhong Guo, Michael Dickey, Tony Jun Huang, Thomas P. Davis, Kourosh Kalantar-Zadeh, Weihua Li Jan 2019

Functional Liquid Metal Nanoparticles Produced By Liquid-Based Nebulization, Shiyang Tang, Ruirui Qiao, Yiliang Lin, Yuhuan Li, Qianbin Zhao, Dan Yuan, Guolin Yun, Jinhong Guo, Michael Dickey, Tony Jun Huang, Thomas P. Davis, Kourosh Kalantar-Zadeh, Weihua Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Functional liquid metal nanoparticles (NPs), produced from eutectic alloys of gallium, promise new horizons in the fields of sensors, microfluidics, flexible electronics, catalysis, and biomedicine. Here, the development of a vapor cavity generating ultrasonic platform for nebulizing liquid metal within aqueous media for the one-step production of stable and functional liquid metal NPs is shown. The size distribution of the NPs is fully characterized and it is demonstrated that various macro and small molecules can also be grafted onto these liquid metal NPs during the liquid-based nebulization process. The cytotoxicity of the NPs grafted with different molecules is further explored ...


A New Standard Dna Damage (Sdd) Data Format, Jan Schuemann, A L. Mcnamara, J Warmenhoven, N Henthorn, K Kirkby, M Merchant, S Ingram, Harald Paganetti, Kathryn D. Held, J Ramos-Mendez, B Faddegon, J Perl, D Goodhead, I Plante, Hans Rabus, Heidi Nettelbeck, W Friedland, P Kundrat, A Ottolenghi, G Baiocco, S Barbieri, M Dingfelder, Sebastien Incerti, Carmen Villagrasa, M Bueno, M A. Bernal, Susanna Guatelli, Dosatsu Sakata, J Brown, Z Francis, Ioanna Kyriakou, N Lampe, F Ballarini, M Carante, M Davidkova, V Stepan, X Jia, F. Cucinotta, Reinhard W. Schulte, R Stewart, David Carlson, S Galer, Zdenka Kuncic, S Lacombe, J Milligan, S Cho, G Sawakuchi, T Inaniwa, T Sato, W Li, Audrey V. Solov'yov, Eugene Surdutovich, M Durante, Kevin M. Prise, Stephen J. Mcmahon Jan 2019

A New Standard Dna Damage (Sdd) Data Format, Jan Schuemann, A L. Mcnamara, J Warmenhoven, N Henthorn, K Kirkby, M Merchant, S Ingram, Harald Paganetti, Kathryn D. Held, J Ramos-Mendez, B Faddegon, J Perl, D Goodhead, I Plante, Hans Rabus, Heidi Nettelbeck, W Friedland, P Kundrat, A Ottolenghi, G Baiocco, S Barbieri, M Dingfelder, Sebastien Incerti, Carmen Villagrasa, M Bueno, M A. Bernal, Susanna Guatelli, Dosatsu Sakata, J Brown, Z Francis, Ioanna Kyriakou, N Lampe, F Ballarini, M Carante, M Davidkova, V Stepan, X Jia, F. Cucinotta, Reinhard W. Schulte, R Stewart, David Carlson, S Galer, Zdenka Kuncic, S Lacombe, J Milligan, S Cho, G Sawakuchi, T Inaniwa, T Sato, W Li, Audrey V. Solov'yov, Eugene Surdutovich, M Durante, Kevin M. Prise, Stephen J. Mcmahon

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Our understanding of radiation-induced cellular damage has greatly improved over the past few decades. Despite this progress, there are still many obstacles to fully understand how radiation interacts with biologically relevant cellular components, such as DNA, to cause observable end points such as cell killing. Damage in DNA is identified as a major route of cell killing. One hurdle when modeling biological effects is the difficulty in directly comparing results generated by members of different research groups. Multiple Monte Carlo codes have been developed to simulate damage induction at the DNA scale, while at the same time various groups have ...


Fertility Detection Of Hatching Eggs Based On A Convolutional Neural Network, Lei Geng, Yuzhou Hu, Zhitao Xiao, Jiangtao Xi Jan 2019

Fertility Detection Of Hatching Eggs Based On A Convolutional Neural Network, Lei Geng, Yuzhou Hu, Zhitao Xiao, Jiangtao Xi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

In order to achieve the goal of detecting the fertility of hatching eggs which are divided into fertile eggs and dead eggs more accurately and effectively, a novel method combining a convolution neural network (CNN) and a heartbeat signal of the hatching eggs is proposed in this paper. Firstly, we collected heartbeat signals of 9-day-later hatching eggs by the method of PhotoPlethysmoGraphy (PPG), which is a non-invasive method to detect the change of blood volume in living tissues by photoelectric means. Secondly, a sequential convolutional neural network E-CNN, which was used to analyze heartbeat sequence of hatching eggs, was designed ...


Improved Dynamic Stall Prediction Of Wind Turbine Airfoils, Xiong Liu, Cheng Lu, Shi Liang, Ajit R. Godbole, Yan Chen Jan 2019

Improved Dynamic Stall Prediction Of Wind Turbine Airfoils, Xiong Liu, Cheng Lu, Shi Liang, Ajit R. Godbole, Yan Chen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This paper presents a dynamic stall model to predict the unsteady airloads on wind turbine airfoils. The proposed model is based on the Beddoes-Leishman (B-L) model and modifications are carried out for wind turbine applications. The lift, drag, and pitch moment of the S809 airfoil oscillating in stall-development and deep-stall regimes are predicted. Validation against available experimental data shows overall good agreement.


Integrated Trajectory Planning And Control For Obstacle Avoidance Manoeuvre Using Non-Linear Vehicle Mp Algorithm, Boyuan Li, Haiping Du, Weihua Li, Bangji Zhang Jan 2019

Integrated Trajectory Planning And Control For Obstacle Avoidance Manoeuvre Using Non-Linear Vehicle Mp Algorithm, Boyuan Li, Haiping Du, Weihua Li, Bangji Zhang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

In the current literature, model-predictive (MP) algorithm is widely applied in autonomous vehicle trajectory planning and control but most of the current studies only apply the linear tyre model, which cannot accurately present the tyre non-linear characteristic. Furthermore, most of these studies separately consider the trajectory planning and trajectory control of the autonomous vehicle and few of them have integrated the trajectory planning and trajectory control together. To fill in above research gaps, this study proposes the integrated trajectory planning and trajectory control method using a non-linear vehicle MP algorithm. To fully utilise the advantages of four-wheel-independent-steering and four-wheel-independent-driving vehicle ...


Lattice Boltzmann Method Modeling Of Magnetic Water-Based Nanofluid Through A Permeable Three-Dimensional Enclosure, M Sheikholeslami, S Shehzad, Ahmad Shafee, F Abbasie, R Kandasamy, Zhixiong Li Jan 2019

Lattice Boltzmann Method Modeling Of Magnetic Water-Based Nanofluid Through A Permeable Three-Dimensional Enclosure, M Sheikholeslami, S Shehzad, Ahmad Shafee, F Abbasie, R Kandasamy, Zhixiong Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

In this work, the mesoscopic theory is invoked to depict nanoparticle transportation through a porous cavity. Different amounts of Lorentz forces, Rayleigh number and permeability on the working fluid treatment have been examined. Al2O3-H2O is selected including the Brownian motion effect. Isokinetic, streamlines, and isotherms contours are various shapes of outputs. Results illustrate that the increase in magnetic forces lead to an increase in the conduction mode. Dispersing nanoparticles aids to increase the Hartmann number.


Primary Choroidal Lymphoma Diagnosed With 27-Gauge Pars Plana Vitrectomy Choroidal Biopsy, Andrew Kam, Justin Galvin, Svetlana Cherepanoff, Andrew Alexis Miller, Adrian Fung Jan 2019

Primary Choroidal Lymphoma Diagnosed With 27-Gauge Pars Plana Vitrectomy Choroidal Biopsy, Andrew Kam, Justin Galvin, Svetlana Cherepanoff, Andrew Alexis Miller, Adrian Fung

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Currently, transvitreal fine-needle aspiration biopsy is the most widely used tissue biopsy technique in cases of suspected intraocular lymphoma due to its relative simplicity and low trauma. The small sample produced, however, may be inadequate for diagnostic and prognostic analyses due to mechanical artefacts, insufficient material, or sampling errors. Small case series have demonstrated choroidal biopsy via vitrectomy to be safe and effective. With smaller-gauge vitrectomy instruments, visual recovery is rapid, and post-operative inflammation and conjunctival scarring is minimised. Furthermore, smaller-gauge instrumentation does not appear to affect the diagnostic yield of biopsies for intraocular lymphoma in vitro. We report a ...


Prospects For Protecting Business Microdata When Releasing Population Totals Via A Remote Server, James O. Chipperfield, John Newman, Gwenda Thompson, Yue Ma, Yan-Xia Lin Jan 2019

Prospects For Protecting Business Microdata When Releasing Population Totals Via A Remote Server, James O. Chipperfield, John Newman, Gwenda Thompson, Yue Ma, Yan-Xia Lin

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Many statistical agencies face the challenge of maintaining the confidentiality of respondents while providing as much analytical value as possible from their data. Datasets relating to businesses present particular difficulties because they are likely to contain information about large enterprises that dominate industries and may be more easily identified. Agencies therefore tend to take a cautious approach to releasing business data (e.g., trusted access, remote access and synthetic data). The Australian Bureau of Statistics has developed a remote server, called TableBuilder, which has the capability to allow users to specify and request tables created from business microdata. The tables ...


Behaviour Of Foam Concrete Under Impact Loading Based On Shpb Experiments, Yongliang He, Mingshi Gao, Hongchao Zhao, Yichao Zhao Jan 2019

Behaviour Of Foam Concrete Under Impact Loading Based On Shpb Experiments, Yongliang He, Mingshi Gao, Hongchao Zhao, Yichao Zhao

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This paper presents an innovative method for using foam concrete as a typical building material for soft structures in underground coal mines subjected to dynamic loading. To understand the behaviour of foam concrete under impact loading, a total of 30 specimens with a diameter of 50 mm and a height of 50 mm were experimentally tested using a 75 mm diameter split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) device. The key parameters investigated in the present study included the type of foam concrete (fly ash and sand), the density of foam concrete (1000, 1200 and 1400 kg/m3), and the impact velocity ...


Soi Thin Microdosimeter Detectors For Low Energy Ions And Radiation Damage Studies, Benjamin James, Linh T. Tran, James Vohradsky, David Bolst, Vladimir Pan, Madeline Carr, Susanna Guatelli, Alex Pogossov, Marco Petasecca, Michael L. F Lerch, Dale A. Prokopovich, Mark I. Reinhard, Marco Povoli, Angela Kok, David Hinde, Mahananda Dasgupta, Andrew Stuchbery, Vladimir Perevertaylo, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld Jan 2019

Soi Thin Microdosimeter Detectors For Low Energy Ions And Radiation Damage Studies, Benjamin James, Linh T. Tran, James Vohradsky, David Bolst, Vladimir Pan, Madeline Carr, Susanna Guatelli, Alex Pogossov, Marco Petasecca, Michael L. F Lerch, Dale A. Prokopovich, Mark I. Reinhard, Marco Povoli, Angela Kok, David Hinde, Mahananda Dasgupta, Andrew Stuchbery, Vladimir Perevertaylo, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

The responses of two silicon on insulator (SOI) 3-D microdosimeters developed by the Centre for Medical Radiation Physics were investigated with a range of different low energy ions, with high linear energy transfer (LET). The two microdosimeters n-SOI and p-SOI were able to measure the LET of different ions including 7 Li, 12 C, 16 O, and 48 Ti with ranges below 350 μm in silicon. No plasma effects were seen in the SOI microdosimeters when irradiated with the high LET ions. A Monte Carlo simulation using Geant4 was compared to the experimental measurements, whereby some discrepancies were observed for ...


Analysis Of A Main Cabin Ventilation System In A Jack-Up Offshore Platform Part I: Numerical Modelling, Yingchun Xie, Zepeng Zheng, Huibin Wang, Zhen Xu, Guijie Liu, Reza Malekian, Zhixiong Li Jan 2019

Analysis Of A Main Cabin Ventilation System In A Jack-Up Offshore Platform Part I: Numerical Modelling, Yingchun Xie, Zepeng Zheng, Huibin Wang, Zhen Xu, Guijie Liu, Reza Malekian, Zhixiong Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This work aims to measure the thermodynamics of a main cabin ventilation system in a JU-2000E jack-up offshore platform. A three-dimensional (3D) physical model of the ventilation system was established, and the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software (ANSYS FLUENT) was used to calculate the model thermodynamics. Numerical analysis was performed to investigate the influence mechanisms of the ventilation factors such as ventilation temperature and volume on the ventilation performance. The analysis results demonstrate that (1) top-setting of the exhaust vents is more effective than the side-setting in terms of high temperature reduction, (2) small ventilation temperature and volume can improve ...