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Full-Text Articles in Science and Technology Studies

Signaling Diversity And Inclusion For Open Source Project Health, Georg J.P. Link Mar 2019

Signaling Diversity And Inclusion For Open Source Project Health, Georg J.P. Link

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Open source projects often consist of mostly white, male, and English-speaking software developers. For the past decade, women and people from minority backgrounds have sought to bring more diversity to open source projects and make them more inclusive. This presentation summarizes research findings of how projects signal diversity and inclusion to attract these people. A key finding is that signals for diversity and inclusion are wanted, but projects struggle to put them into practice. The presentation discusses implications for signaling theory and open source projects.


Decentralized Space Traffic Management, Ruth Stilwell Feb 2019

Decentralized Space Traffic Management, Ruth Stilwell

Space Traffic Management Conference

This paper will examine the political, policy, and regulatory barriers to the provision of STM as a global safety service. It will examine the concepts under development for airspace from 20km to 100km to accommodate new entrants in aviation and space and discuss how those concepts may provide a path forward for decentralized space traffic management.


An Experimental Examination On Techniques To Mitigate The Spread Of Misinformation On Social Media Networks, Thomas Hayes Nov 2018

An Experimental Examination On Techniques To Mitigate The Spread Of Misinformation On Social Media Networks, Thomas Hayes

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Emerging research has focused on finding ways to control the spread of misinformation on SMNs. SMNs have become increasingly weaponized for individual and societal harm. For example, the United States Intelligence Community (USIC) recently released a joint statement with the Department of Homeland Security implicating the Russian government in using major social media networks (SMNs) to influence the 2016 Presidential election with "information warfare" (Clark, 2018). This study focuses on examining SMN features that can potentially reduce the spread of misinformation. Through an experimental survey approach, this study measures the effectiveness of SMN features in influencing misperceptions of SMN users ...


Emotional Intelligence: The Effect On Social Media Use, Interpersonal Violence, And Gender, Gail Grabczynski Apr 2018

Emotional Intelligence: The Effect On Social Media Use, Interpersonal Violence, And Gender, Gail Grabczynski

Scholar Week 2016 - present

This study investigated the relationship between Emotional Intelligence (EI), social media use, interpersonal violence and gender. EI is a relatively new topic of research that has been of interest to many organizations due to the proposition that EI assists in the development of individuals. With the proliferation of social media, interpersonal violence and women in the workforce, a determination of a relationship between EI and those variables was warranted. The study was conducted at a small private Christian university. An online survey was administered to 123 sophomores. This study was a cross-sectional quantitative design, that utilized three established instruments to ...


The Ends Or The Means? An Interface To Investigate How Novice Designers Utilize Causal And Effectual Modes Of Thinking, Callen Hedglen Mar 2018

The Ends Or The Means? An Interface To Investigate How Novice Designers Utilize Causal And Effectual Modes Of Thinking, Callen Hedglen

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Creativity is crucial to the success of the new product design process and is a driving factor in innovation and long-term economic viability. Prior work has shown that effectual modes of thinking, that is, leveraging existing resources to develop an innovative solution, can lead to more creative outcomes. A new web interface was developed to empirically test the impact of effectual thinking on the creativity of early phase design idea generation. A pilot study was conducted using this interface to investigate novice designers’ click-level behaviors with effectual and causal information.


Understanding Organizational Trust Of Zoos And Aquariums, Shelley J. Rank, John Voiklis, Rupanwita Gupta, John R. Fraser, Kate Flinner Jan 2018

Understanding Organizational Trust Of Zoos And Aquariums, Shelley J. Rank, John Voiklis, Rupanwita Gupta, John R. Fraser, Kate Flinner

Iowa State University Summer Symposium on Science Communication

Zoos and aquariums (ZAs) play a pivotal role in wildlife conservation, including educating the public. Nevertheless, media depictions of ZAs that emphasize animal captivity may erode public trust. We report on the first systematic survey of organizational trust in ZAs, contrasting how people perceive the current performance of ZAs against people’s expectations for establishing trust. The largest disparities between perceptions and expectations were for items that assessed the ethical integrity of ZAs: how well they maintain and communicate about animal welfare. ZAs can fully earn public trust by adjusting their practices and/or their messaging related to ethical integrity.


Classification Of Virtual Fitting Room (Vfr) Technology In The Fashion Industry: From The Perspective Of Customer Experience, Hanna Lee, Yingjiao Xu Jan 2018

Classification Of Virtual Fitting Room (Vfr) Technology In The Fashion Industry: From The Perspective Of Customer Experience, Hanna Lee, Yingjiao Xu

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

From the perspective of consumer experience rendered by different technological solutions and devices in the VFR technologies, this study aimed to classify the VFR technologies available in the marketplace. The classification was conducted based on technological variations each solution and device has in terms of the realism of the visually translated figures such as accuracy and attractiveness. The following sources were consulted to obtain data for this study including academic journals, trade magazines, company websites, and other internet sources.


An Investigation Of Work-Related Risk Factors Among Sewing Machine Operators In Bangladesh, Md. Tahmidul Islam Molla, Mazed Islam Jan 2018

An Investigation Of Work-Related Risk Factors Among Sewing Machine Operators In Bangladesh, Md. Tahmidul Islam Molla, Mazed Islam

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Working extended periods of time in front of sewing machines may cause discomfort to the operators of sewing machines. Sewing machine operators sit for extended periods of time and use their hands to control, handle, or feel objects and tools in repetitive processes which makes them vulnerable to musculoskeletal symptoms. Therefore, this study aims to identify the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among sewing machine operators working in the apparel industry in Bangladesh while considering job characteristics, productivity, job satisfaction, workstation design, and working environment. The results showed that working in front of the sewing machines for a long period of ...


Investigating Marigolds As A Dyestuff For A Small Business: Extraction, Colorfastness, And Care Of Silk And Linen, Kowshik Saha, Md. Mayedul Islam, Sherry Haar Jan 2018

Investigating Marigolds As A Dyestuff For A Small Business: Extraction, Colorfastness, And Care Of Silk And Linen, Kowshik Saha, Md. Mayedul Islam, Sherry Haar

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Two marigold dye solutions, fresh and preserved, were compared for dyeing silk and linen fabric that could be replicated by artisans. Two commercial detergents, Tide Free and Woolite, were evaluated to provide a home washing recommendation. Samples were dyed at 10% on the weight of fiber and exposed to colorfastness to home laundering (American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists, AATCC Monograph 6-2016) with both detergents. Color strength and color change CIEL*a*b* values were accessed according to AATCC grayscale. The preserved marigold treatment had significantly (p < 0.05) darker and warmer color strength on both fabrics. Color change, staining from exposure to home laundering was not significantly different between dye solutions, nor between detergents. The study findings do not support home laundering for marigold dyed samples as samples failed to meet ASTM standard for color change, regardless of treatments. Future work should evaluate these treatments against hand laundering conditions.


Developing A Technological Garment To Aid Those With Anxiety Disorder, Katherine N. Boedecker Nov 2017

Developing A Technological Garment To Aid Those With Anxiety Disorder, Katherine N. Boedecker

ASA Multidisciplinary Research Symposium

The purpose of this research was to develop a technological garment for patients in behavioral health hospitals with anxiety disorder.


Energy Safety Management: Mitigating Loss Of Control Inflight, Juan Merkt Aug 2017

Energy Safety Management: Mitigating Loss Of Control Inflight, Juan Merkt

National Training Aircraft Symposium (NTAS)

Under the new Airman Certification Standards (ACS), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has mandated for the first time that private and commercial pilot candidates demonstrate understanding of energy management in several areas of operation. Recognition by the FAA of the importance of energy management is a welcome development, given the potential lethal consequences of mishandling the airplane’s energy state. Poor management of the energy associated with vertical flight path and/or airspeed is a significant factor in loss of control in flight and runway excursions during landing, two leading causes of fatal accidents in aviation. While most pilots are ...


Kelihos Botnet: A Never-Ending Saga, Arsh Arora, Max Gannon, Gary Warner May 2017

Kelihos Botnet: A Never-Ending Saga, Arsh Arora, Max Gannon, Gary Warner

Annual ADFSL Conference on Digital Forensics, Security and Law

This paper investigates the recent behavior of the Kelihos botnet, a spam-sending botnet that accounts for many millions of emails sent each day. The paper demonstrates how a team of students are able to perform a longitudinal malware study, making significant observations and contributions to the understanding of a major botnet using tools and techniques taught in the classroom. From this perspective the paper has two objectives: encouragement and observation. First, by providing insight into the methodology and tools used by student researchers to document and understand a botnet, the paper strives to embolden other academic programs to follow a ...


Engaging Users: Enabling Data Analysis, James M. Hopkins Mar 2017

Engaging Users: Enabling Data Analysis, James M. Hopkins

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

The challenge in many data collection/analysis efforts is that of engaging users to participate. The Juvenile Case Management System (JCMS) project is a solution to that challenge. JCMS is developed in a collaborative effort between the Juvenile Justice Institute (JJI), the Nebraska Crime Commission, and the Public Health Informatics Research Lab.

Information systems must engage their users to be effective. This research investigates engaging users to interact with information systems and improve data collection for analysis.

The JCMS platform provides a web-based, centralized, database system to users working across the state of Nebraska. By involving users in system and ...


Enhancing The Citizen Scientist Experience Through Responsive Web Design, Sydney Lintner, Douglas Stahlnecker Mar 2017

Enhancing The Citizen Scientist Experience Through Responsive Web Design, Sydney Lintner, Douglas Stahlnecker

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Citizen science is currently employed in a variety of fields and has been enabling the collection of large swaths of data that would otherwise go uncollected. The Nebraska Watershed Network (NWN) utilizes citizen scientists to perform water tests, and currently, the results are written on postcards and then mailed to the NWN. We believe that using the proper technological tools will enhance the citizen scientist experience and the data collection process. We have developed a database and web application for the NWN that will allow citizen scientists to use their smartphones to enter their results immediately upon completing the tests ...


Yale’S Environmental Performance Index: The Construction And Use Of A Composite Index For Global Sustainability, Zach Wendling Jan 2017

Yale’S Environmental Performance Index: The Construction And Use Of A Composite Index For Global Sustainability, Zach Wendling

Yale Day of Data

No abstract provided.


Spaceways: Airspace In Outer Space, Scott Haeffelin Nov 2016

Spaceways: Airspace In Outer Space, Scott Haeffelin

Space Traffic Management Conference

Forecasted future demand in space travel is driving the need for the development of space traffic management. Currently, orbital space traffic is mostly unregulated with internationally agreed upon best practices and self-interest driving space operators to avoid collisions with other spacecraft. This paper explores the future of space travel by presenting a concept of creating “airspace in space” or spaceways to manage the ever growing volumes of space traffic. Spaceways are analogous to airspace for aircraft with the goal of increasing levels of safety and reducing probabilities of collision. These goals can be achieved by creating traffic rules, defining valuable ...


A Comparison Of Database Insider Attack Monitoring Approaches Using Page Rank Algorithms, Yeonhoon Park, Sam Chung Oct 2016

A Comparison Of Database Insider Attack Monitoring Approaches Using Page Rank Algorithms, Yeonhoon Park, Sam Chung

ASA Multidisciplinary Research Symposium

We compare two database insider attack monitoring approaches that use page rank algorithms: PageRank and Weighted PageRank. By calculating the weight of queries, we predict the users’ pattern in the database system.


Demonstrating Objectivity In Controversial Science Communication: A Case Study Of Gmo Scientist Kevin Folta, Jean Goodwin May 2016

Demonstrating Objectivity In Controversial Science Communication: A Case Study Of Gmo Scientist Kevin Folta, Jean Goodwin

OSSA Conference Archive

Scientists can find it difficult to be seen as objective within the chaos of a civic controversy. This paper gives a normative pragmatic account of the strategy one GMO scientist used to demonstrate his trustworthiness. Kevin Folta made his talk expensive by undertaking to answer all questions, and carried out this responsibility by acting as if every comment addressed to him—even the most hostile—was in fact a question in good faith. This presumption of audience good faith gave in turn his audience good reason to presume his good faith, and a situation of reciprocal distrust was transformed into ...


Explicating And Negotiating Bias In Interdisciplinary Argumentation Using Abductive Tools: Paper, Bethany K. Laursen May 2016

Explicating And Negotiating Bias In Interdisciplinary Argumentation Using Abductive Tools: Paper, Bethany K. Laursen

OSSA Conference Archive

Interdisciplinary inquiry hinges upon abductive arguments that integrate various kinds of information to identify explanations worthy of future study or use. Integrative abduction poses unique challenges, including different kinds of data, too many patterns, too many explanations, mistaken meanings across disciplinary lines, and cognitive, pragmatic, and social biases. Argumentation tools can help explicate and negotiate bias as interdisciplinary investigators sift and winnow candidate patterns and processes in search of the best explanation.


Underground Infrastructure: Planning, Development And Revitalization, Guoliang Meng May 2016

Underground Infrastructure: Planning, Development And Revitalization, Guoliang Meng

Symposium Of University Research and Creative Expression (SOURCE)

The challenges facing Liuzhou’s underground infrastructure system today are unlike any it has ever faced before. Frequent underground gas pipeline leaks and explosions are impacting the safety and quality of citizens’ lives. To develop a safe, efficient and economical underground infrastructure system, Liuzhou City will have to do three things: (1) create a unified administrative department for underground pipeline administration, (2) conduct a citywide underground pipeline survey by stages and create an information platform to share the underground pipeline data, and (3) develop a public-private partnership to construct a utility tunnel. The poster outlines these critical steps in Liuzhou ...


Human Automation Systems In Spaceflight: The What, When And How Of Measurement, Chelsea Iwig, James M. Oglesby, Kevin L. Leyva, Misa Shimono, Kimberly Stowers, Eduardo Salas Apr 2016

Human Automation Systems In Spaceflight: The What, When And How Of Measurement, Chelsea Iwig, James M. Oglesby, Kevin L. Leyva, Misa Shimono, Kimberly Stowers, Eduardo Salas

Human Factors and Applied Psychology Student Conference

No abstract provided.


Using Computer Games To Motivate At-Risk Students To Studious Learners, Dawn M. White Mar 2016

Using Computer Games To Motivate At-Risk Students To Studious Learners, Dawn M. White

National Youth-At-Risk Conference Savannah

Motivation is the key factor in the academic success of students. Tapping into students’ interests keeps them engaged in learning. One major interest in all students is computer games. Learn about the numerous and free education games available on the Internet and how to use them to transform at–risk students into studious learners. Target Audience: elementary, middle and high school teachers, school counselors, & parents


Blurring The Lines: The Overlapping Interests Of High Altitude Unmanned Aircraft, Commercial Space, And Aviation Policy, Ruth E. Stilwell Nov 2015

Blurring The Lines: The Overlapping Interests Of High Altitude Unmanned Aircraft, Commercial Space, And Aviation Policy, Ruth E. Stilwell

Space Traffic Management Conference

The commercialization of space operations, coupled with the rapid development in unmanned aircraft systems creates a new policy dynamic between otherwise disparate industries. Existing structures do not adequately address issues of access, governance, and sovereignty across the distinct domains of air transport, space operations, and high altitude unmanned aircraft operations. Globally, aviation policy and space policy have evolved independently as distinct fields. High altitude unmanned aircraft are rapidly increasing utilization of airspace not previously occupied by civil aircraft or spacecraft, where regulation of both safety and access is sparse. Rather than consider operations in this airspace as a third category ...


Sociological Impacts Of Wind Farms In Maine, Jeanne Barthold Apr 2015

Sociological Impacts Of Wind Farms In Maine, Jeanne Barthold

CLAS: Colby Liberal Arts Symposium

Renewable power has emerged in the last decade as a viable alternative for our societies' fossil fuel dependence. The Maine Wind Energy Act of 2009 made lofty goals for the amount of wind power that Maine wanted to produce by the year 2020. The many sides of the debate on Maine windmills that have arisen in the past six years create a picture that is extremely complicated. There is clearly not one solution to the problems that came with the rapid construction of windmills since the passing of the Maine Wind Energy Act. The rural communities most directly affected by ...


Human Factors Considerations In Autonomous Lethal Unmanned Aerial Systems, Kristine Kiernan Jan 2015

Human Factors Considerations In Autonomous Lethal Unmanned Aerial Systems, Kristine Kiernan

Aviation / Aeronautics / Aerospace International Research Conference

The United States military is committed to the development of complete autonomy in unmanned vehicles, including armed unmanned aerial systems (UAS). The design and deployment of autonomous lethal UAS raises ethical issues that have implications for human factors. System design, procedures, and training will be impacted by the advent of autonomous lethal UAS. This paper will define relevant vocabulary, review the literature on robot ethics as it applies to the military setting, discuss various perspectives in the research community, address levels of UAS autonomy, and discuss implications for operator training, responsibility, and human-machine interaction. Familiarity with these ethical issues and ...


Unmanned Insecurity: The Safety And Privacy Issues Of Unmanned Aircraft Information Assurance, Donna A. Dulo Ph.D. Jan 2015

Unmanned Insecurity: The Safety And Privacy Issues Of Unmanned Aircraft Information Assurance, Donna A. Dulo Ph.D.

Aviation / Aeronautics / Aerospace International Research Conference

Information assurance and computer security are foundational paradigms in ground based information systems. However, in the aerial realm of unmanned systems, information security often takes the proverbial back seat to high visibility issues such as safety and privacy. Yet, a secure unmanned aircraft is a basic tenant of safety and privacy in the operational arena. Information assurance and security that are enveloped into an unmanned aircraft protect the systems data, communications, as well as internal operations and permeates not only the aircraft’s systems, but also the system’s interactions with satellites, ground stations, and other aerial entities that share ...


Bridging The Work Of Field Scientists And The Needs Of Data Re-Users, Antonia Rosati, Lynn Yarmey Aug 2014

Bridging The Work Of Field Scientists And The Needs Of Data Re-Users, Antonia Rosati, Lynn Yarmey

The International Workshop on Ice Caves

The National Science Foundation requires Principal Investigators to make the data they collect and create publically available. To assist PIs with this requirement, NSF funded the Advanced Cooperative Arctic Data and Information Service (ACADIS). ACADIS houses data from the Division of Polar Programs (PLR), provides data management assistance to PIs, and advances search and data discovery tools. In short, ACADIS exists for NSF Arctic researchers by providing a safe home for data and encouraging data reuse. ACADIS is a group of specialist organizations comprised to create a repository of Arctic data that encompasses spatial, temporal, and attribute granularity of data ...


Watch What 'Whe-Eat' - A Cultural Analysis Of The Gluten-Free Diet, Monique Kelly May 2014

Watch What 'Whe-Eat' - A Cultural Analysis Of The Gluten-Free Diet, Monique Kelly

CLAS: Colby Liberal Arts Symposium

Ten years ago, most people had never heard of celiac disease or gluten sensitivity, but awareness of these conditions have recently exploded, resulting in a craze to purchase gluten-free food items. Walk down the isles of Whole Foods or any other grocery store today and you will see labels for gluten free everywhere. These products were originally designed for people who have been diagnosed with a gluten digestive disorder. However, the gluten-free diet has expanded beyond those diagnosed with gluten sensitivity because millions of people are claiming it makes them feel better or helps them lose weight. In this paper ...


Russia's Unveiling; An Examination Of Political Construction Through Media Coverage, Sydney Hammond May 2014

Russia's Unveiling; An Examination Of Political Construction Through Media Coverage, Sydney Hammond

CLAS: Colby Liberal Arts Symposium

On February 7, 2014, the day of Fisht Stadiums Winter Olympic Opening Ceremony, NBC ran an eight-hour tape-delay, releasing their idea of a more complete version of the 11:00 a.m. ET ceremony at 7:30 p.m. ET. The tape-delay allowed NBC to make edits to their film, which would include the exclusion of entire segments of the games. These abandoned segments, although no longer then five minutes each, depict a shifting image of Russia that gone unseen, can easily hinder American perceptions of Russia, allowing NBC to exploit dated notions of the countrys character. In the pages ...


Bad Blood: Investigating The Ban On Msm Blood Donation, Lauren Lacy May 2014

Bad Blood: Investigating The Ban On Msm Blood Donation, Lauren Lacy

CLAS: Colby Liberal Arts Symposium

In 1983, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), responding to the AIDS epidemic, adopted a policy of deferring men who have had sex with men (MSM) at anytime since 1977 from donating blood. The current policy, adopted in 1992, continues to defer this group indefinitely. This paper investigates the societal implications of the deferred status. I will first examine the unique relationship gay and bisexual men have with the AIDS epidemic in American history.I challenge the FDAs claim that the ban is solely rooted in behavioral practices, using data on rates of contraction, behavioral practices relevant to MSM (condom ...