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2016

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Full-Text Articles in Science and Technology Studies

Understanding Scientific Data Sharing Outside Of The Academy, Danielle Elaine Pollock Dec 2016

Understanding Scientific Data Sharing Outside Of The Academy, Danielle Elaine Pollock

DataONE Sociocultural and Usability & Assessment Working Groups

Sharing and reuse of scientific data, which can enhance the transparency and reproducibility of research and lead to the creation of new knowledge from existing data, is both a growing scholarly communication practice and an expanding area of interest in information science. However, much of the literature to date has focused on the data practices of scientists working in academic environments, with less research done on understanding the practices of scientists working in other types of environments, such as government or industry. This poster presents the results of a study in which data from a worldwide survey of scientists were ...


People's War In Cyberspace: Using China's Civilian Economy In The Information Domain, Kieran Richard Green Dec 2016

People's War In Cyberspace: Using China's Civilian Economy In The Information Domain, Kieran Richard Green

Military Cyber Affairs

China is identified as posing a key challenge to US national security interests in cyberspace. These threats are incurred across the spectrum of conflict, ranging from low-level crime, to network penetration, to cyberattacks that have the potential to cause major physical destruction. Thus far, the majority of strategic assessments of China’s cyber capabilities have focused on the role of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), which is officially tasked with undertaking offensive operations in cyberspace.[1] However, China does not employ its cyber capabilities in isolation. Rather, it considers cyber to be part of the “Information Domain.” In Chinese ...


A Qualitative Exploration Of The Workplace Culture Of Women In Information Technology Careers, Andrea Hemphill-Merrills Dec 2016

A Qualitative Exploration Of The Workplace Culture Of Women In Information Technology Careers, Andrea Hemphill-Merrills

Dissertations

The information technology (IT) industry is one of the fastest growing industries in the United States. According to the U.S, Department of Labor and Statistics (2015), employment opportunities are it is projected to grow by 12 percent from 2014 to 2024. While the number of employed women have increased, this has not been the case in the IT industry where the number of women has been in consistent decline since 1991. In order for the U.S. to be able to fill the demand for IT professionals, it must have access to a talent pool that includes women. There ...


Preliminary Investigation Of Walking Motion Using A Combination Of Image And Signal Processing, Bradley Schneider, Tanvi Banerjee Dec 2016

Preliminary Investigation Of Walking Motion Using A Combination Of Image And Signal Processing, Bradley Schneider, Tanvi Banerjee

Kno.e.sis Publications

We present the results of analyzing gait motion in first-person video taken from a commercially available wearable camera embedded in a pair of glasses. The video is analyzed with three different computer vision methods to extract motion vectors from different gait sequences from four individuals for comparison against a manually annotated ground truth dataset. Using a combination of signal processing and computer vision techniques, gait features are extracted to identify the walking pace of the individual wearing the camera as well as validated using the ground truth dataset. Our preliminary results indicate that the extraction of activity from the video ...


Being A Scholar In The Digital Era: Transforming Scholarly Practice For The Public Good, Polly Thistlethwaite, Jessie Daniels Dec 2016

Being A Scholar In The Digital Era: Transforming Scholarly Practice For The Public Good, Polly Thistlethwaite, Jessie Daniels

Publications and Research

What opportunities do digital technologies present scholars? How do developments in digital media support scholarship and teaching, and how can academics apply them to further social justice activism? The authors, a sociologist and a librarian, examine scholarly practice in the digital era to explore how academics, journalists, and activists can combine efforts to support social justice issues. With scholarly communication undergoing rapid change, and with digital innovation applied in higher education for many reasons, authors outline what scholars can do to channel their work to benefit the public good.


How Do Designers Of The Built Environment Attempt To Make Ecological Sustainability Sensory Legible?, Carly L. Bartow Dec 2016

How Do Designers Of The Built Environment Attempt To Make Ecological Sustainability Sensory Legible?, Carly L. Bartow

Architecture Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper attempts to provide a theoretical framework for making ecosystem function and ecologically sustainable design more perceptible or sensible to people through architecture and the built environment. Design features of the Bertschi School Science Wing and the Bullitt Center in Seattle, Washington are incorporated to illustrate the sensory legibility of ecological sustainability criteria.The criteria are available to designers to help educate a building's occupants on environmentally sustainable design and motivate more sustainable behavior.


The Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions Over The Earth (Acre) Initiative Acre China Workshop: Recovery, Digitization, And Analysis Of Pre-Mid-Twentieth Century Climate Observational Data In East Asia Workshop On 23-24 August, Beijing, China, Fiona Williamson, Guoyu Ren, Rob Allan Dec 2016

The Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions Over The Earth (Acre) Initiative Acre China Workshop: Recovery, Digitization, And Analysis Of Pre-Mid-Twentieth Century Climate Observational Data In East Asia Workshop On 23-24 August, Beijing, China, Fiona Williamson, Guoyu Ren, Rob Allan

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

This commentary discusses a recent workshop designed to explore the extant historic instrumental record of weather observations for China, East Asia, and the China Seas region; to uncover new sources of observations; and to work on joint initiatives for their recovery and inclusion in open access data sets. The workshop was funded by the UK Newton Fund's Climate Science for Service Partnership China. It was organized by the Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth China, the China Meteorological Administration (CMA), the Beijing Climate Centre, and the China University of Geosciences (Wuhan) and held at CMA offices in Beijing.


Spaceways: Airspace In Outer Space, Scott Haeffelin Nov 2016

Spaceways: Airspace In Outer Space, Scott Haeffelin

Space Traffic Management Conference

Forecasted future demand in space travel is driving the need for the development of space traffic management. Currently, orbital space traffic is mostly unregulated with internationally agreed upon best practices and self-interest driving space operators to avoid collisions with other spacecraft. This paper explores the future of space travel by presenting a concept of creating “airspace in space” or spaceways to manage the ever growing volumes of space traffic. Spaceways are analogous to airspace for aircraft with the goal of increasing levels of safety and reducing probabilities of collision. These goals can be achieved by creating traffic rules, defining valuable ...


An Examination Of Accessible Hands-On Science Learning Experiences, Self-Confidence In One’S Capacity To Function In The Sciences, And Motivation And Interest In Scientific Studies And Careers., Mick D. Isaacson, Cary Supalo, Michelle Michaels, Alan Roth Nov 2016

An Examination Of Accessible Hands-On Science Learning Experiences, Self-Confidence In One’S Capacity To Function In The Sciences, And Motivation And Interest In Scientific Studies And Careers., Mick D. Isaacson, Cary Supalo, Michelle Michaels, Alan Roth

Journal of Science Education for Students with Disabilities

This study examined the potential relationship of accessible hands-on science learning experiences to the development of positive beliefs concerning one’s capacity to function in the sciences and motivation to consider science as a college major and career. Findings from Likert survey items given before and after engaging in accessible hands-on science laboratories show that students who were blind or had low vision (BLV) were more likely to agree with the following items after engaging in accessible science experiences: 1) I plan on enrolling as a science major in college; 2) My educational experiences, so far, have given me the ...


On The Micropolitics And Edges Of Survival In A Technocapital Sacrifice Zone, Peter C. Little Nov 2016

On The Micropolitics And Edges Of Survival In A Technocapital Sacrifice Zone, Peter C. Little

Faculty Publications

This article explores the industrial sacrifice zone of Endicott, New York, which in 1924 became the birthplace of International Business Machines Corporation and quickly established itself as an industrial launching pad for the production and innovation of modern computing technologies. Drawing on ethnographic research and taking a micropolitical ecology approach, I consider industrial decay and community corrosion key agents for understanding the sedimentary record of neoliberal “technocapitalism” [Suarez-Villa, Luis. 2009. Technocapitalism: A Critical Perspective on Technological Innovation and Corporatism. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press]. In particular, I explore here how the flip-side of local narratives of deindustrialization and economic sacrifice ...


Personal Privacy: A Study To Determine Views On Privacy As It Relates To Technology Acceptance, Keith A. Wuotinen Nov 2016

Personal Privacy: A Study To Determine Views On Privacy As It Relates To Technology Acceptance, Keith A. Wuotinen

Master's Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

This descriptive correlation study sought to learn the relationships, if any, between a person’s concern for privacy and their acceptance of technology, in conjunction with the control factors of the Big Five personality factors. The study employed a modified Concern for Information Privacy (CFIP) scale and a modified Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) approach in conjunction with the Big Five personality factors using a 51-question survey.

The study surveyed students at Eastern Michigan University in Ypsilanti, Michigan, who were enrolled in the College of Technology. The results indicated that there was a significant positive relationship between the CFIP and the ...


How Nurses Perceive The Impact Of Health It Applications On Their Performance And Satisfaction: Examining The Organizational, Social, And Personal Factors, Sadaf Ashtari Nov 2016

How Nurses Perceive The Impact Of Health It Applications On Their Performance And Satisfaction: Examining The Organizational, Social, And Personal Factors, Sadaf Ashtari

Master's Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

Applying information technology tools in the healthcare industry is an appropriate solution to integrate and record medical data and provide complete access of patients’ information. However, the effectiveness of these technologies depends on their successful implementation and adaptation. This study addresses the impact of result observability, autonomy, perceived barriers, task structure, privacy and security anxiety, and communication (social) patterns on the perception of the performance and satisfaction of nurses using IT applications in healthcare. Furthermore, the effects of nurses’ years of experience, age, different hospitals, different electronic medical records (EMR) applications, and personality factors are examined as a moderator factors ...


From Recovery To Discovery: Ethnic American Science Fiction And (Re)Creating The Future, Daoine S. Bachran Nov 2016

From Recovery To Discovery: Ethnic American Science Fiction And (Re)Creating The Future, Daoine S. Bachran

English Language and Literature ETDs

My project assesses how science fiction by writers of color challenges the scientific racism embedded in genetics, nuclear development, digital technology, and molecular biology, demonstrating how these fields are deployed disproportionately against people of color. By contextualizing current scientific development with its often overlooked history and exposing the full life cycle of scientific practices and technological changes, ethnic science fiction authors challenge science’s purported objectivity and make room for alternative scientific methods steeped in Indigenous epistemologies. The first chapter argues that genetics is deployed disproportionally against black Americans, from the pseudo-scientific racial classifications of the nineteenth century and earlier ...


E-Government Services Adoption And Interdependence: Granger Causality Analysis, Shashi Kant Srivastava, Sanjog Ray Nov 2016

E-Government Services Adoption And Interdependence: Granger Causality Analysis, Shashi Kant Srivastava, Sanjog Ray

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

Adoption of e-government services varies across the different categories of services: government to citizen services, utility services, commercial services, informational services, social benefit services and mobile based services. Faced with constraint of resources, policy makers devising strategies for better adoption of these services face the challenge of prioritizing among these categories of services. This paper attempts to address this challenge by showing the applicability of Granger causality analysis in studying the causation analysis between the categories of e-government services. We prove the applicability of Granger causality analysis in understanding the independence between e-government service categories by analyzing real transactions data ...


Jitim Volume 25 Issue 3 - Front Page Nov 2016

Jitim Volume 25 Issue 3 - Front Page

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

JITIM volume 25, issue 3


Cross-Disciplinary Working In The Sciences And Humanities: Historical Data Rescue Activities In Southeast Asia And Beyond, Fiona Williamson Nov 2016

Cross-Disciplinary Working In The Sciences And Humanities: Historical Data Rescue Activities In Southeast Asia And Beyond, Fiona Williamson

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

This paper argues that more work is needed to facilitate cross-disciplinary collaborations by scholars across the physical sciences and humanities to improve Data Rescue Activities (DARE). Debate over the scale and potential impact of anthropogenic global warming is one of the dominant narratives of the twenty-first century. Predicting future climates and determining how environment and society might be affected by climate change are global issues of social, economic and political importance. They require responses from different research communities and necessitate closer inter-disciplinary working relationships for an integrated approach. Improving the datasets required for long-term climate models is an important part ...


Determining The Interruption Of Services While Performing V2i Communication Using The Spmd Prototype, Binaya Raj Joshi Nov 2016

Determining The Interruption Of Services While Performing V2i Communication Using The Spmd Prototype, Binaya Raj Joshi

Student Work

The use of Vehicle to Vehicle (V2V), Vehicle to Infrastructure (V2I), Vehicle to Roadside Unit (V2R) and Vehicle to Other (V2X) communications are increasingly applied over existing and upcoming transportation means by the United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) and other federal agencies. From previous statistical data, these technologies would primarily avoid or mitigate vehicle crashes and would provide more safety, mobility and various other benefits on the roads (“Traffic Safety Facts 2012,” 2013; “Traffic Safety Facts 2013” 2014). During the communication processes between vehicles, infrastructures and roadside units’ various sensitive data such as positions and speed of the vehicles ...


Scientific Engagement At Fda: A Report To The Fda Science Board From The Scientific Engagement Subcommittee, Anthony Bahinski, Maria C. Friere, Mark R. Mclellan, Bruce M. Psaty, Dan M. Roden, Scott J. Steele Nov 2016

Scientific Engagement At Fda: A Report To The Fda Science Board From The Scientific Engagement Subcommittee, Anthony Bahinski, Maria C. Friere, Mark R. Mclellan, Bruce M. Psaty, Dan M. Roden, Scott J. Steele

Biology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Maintaining active interactions with the broad external scientific community is vital for FDA to fulfill its expanding public health mission. It is essential for the Agency to be well positioned to address emerging areas of regulatory science and rapidly advancing technologies.

Scientific engagement also helps FDA accomplish its mission by increasing awareness of FDA’s responsibilities and helping with the Agency’s critical recruitment and succession planning needs. FDA uses a range of mechanisms for scientific exchange. The Subcommittee was charged with considering:

a. how FDA can improve its interface with the outside scientific community, particularly regarding public-private partnerships (PPPs ...


A Comparison Of Database Insider Attack Monitoring Approaches Using Page Rank Algorithms, Yeonhoon Park, Sam Chung Oct 2016

A Comparison Of Database Insider Attack Monitoring Approaches Using Page Rank Algorithms, Yeonhoon Park, Sam Chung

ASA Multidisciplinary Research Symposium

We compare two database insider attack monitoring approaches that use page rank algorithms: PageRank and Weighted PageRank. By calculating the weight of queries, we predict the users’ pattern in the database system.


Critical Review Of The Millennium Project In Nepal, Ashma Vaidya, Audrey L. Mayer Oct 2016

Critical Review Of The Millennium Project In Nepal, Ashma Vaidya, Audrey L. Mayer

School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science Publications

“Our Common Future” harmonized development policies around a new sustainable development (SD) paradigm, and experts also emphasize the importance of a democratic and equitable approach to define and achieve sustainable development. However, SD targets and indicators are often defined by a suite of experts or a few stakeholder groups, far removed from on-the-ground conditions. The most common expert-led development framework, the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), promoted one set of targets and indicators for all developing countries. While progress towards these targets was routinely reported at the national scale, these targets may not reflect context-specific sustainable development. We evaluated ...


Weights And Balances: Integrating Models For Prevention And Response To Southern California Offshore Oil Spills, Carmen Watts Clayton, Amoret Bunn Oct 2016

Weights And Balances: Integrating Models For Prevention And Response To Southern California Offshore Oil Spills, Carmen Watts Clayton, Amoret Bunn

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

Licensing offshore oil and gas reserves in the United States waters are overseen by the U.S. Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Safety and Enforcement (BSEE). The licensing application includes planning for any worst-case oil spill scenario between BSEE and the applicant based on lessons learned from historic offshore spills such as the Deepwater Horizon (2010), Exxon Valdez (1989), and the Union Oil Platform Blowout (1969). The process for planning to respond to oil spills involves coordination with multiple agencies, trustees, and stakeholders to ensure that oil spill responses consider multiple factors, including ecologically sensitive species, commercial transportation ...


A Data-Centric Analysis On Stem Majoring And Success: Attitude And Readiness, Xin James He, Myron Sheu, Jie Tao Oct 2016

A Data-Centric Analysis On Stem Majoring And Success: Attitude And Readiness, Xin James He, Myron Sheu, Jie Tao

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

This research studies attitude and readiness of STEM majoring and success with

the data from a survey with a total of 501 viable responses, with respect to STEM

(science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) related majors that are

essential and fundamental to skills relevant to big data business analytics.

Recruiting and keeping students in STEM areas have attracted a large body of

attention in pedagogical studies. An effective way of achieving such a goal is to

show them how rewarding and self-fulfilling STEM careers can be toward

perspective students. One example of the abundance of STEM careers is the rapid

growth ...


An Exploration Of Mobile Device Security Artifacts At Institutions Of Higher Education, Amita Goyal Chin, Diania Mcrae, Beth H. Jones, Mark A. Harris Oct 2016

An Exploration Of Mobile Device Security Artifacts At Institutions Of Higher Education, Amita Goyal Chin, Diania Mcrae, Beth H. Jones, Mark A. Harris

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

The explosive growth and rapid proliferation of smartphones and other mobile

devices that access data over communication networks has necessitated advocating

and implementing security constraints for the purpose of abetting safe computing.

Remote data access using mobile devices is particularly popular among students at

institutions of higher education. To ensure safe harbor for constituents, it is

imperative for colleges and universities to establish, disseminate, and enforce

mobile device security artifacts, where artifacts is defined as policies, procedures,

guidelines or other documented or undocumented protocols. The purpose of this

study is to explore the existence of, specific content of, and the ...


Prediction And Recommendations On The It Leaners' Learning Path As A Collective Intelligence Using A Data Mining Technique, Seong-Yong Hong, Juyun Cho, Yonghyun Hwang Oct 2016

Prediction And Recommendations On The It Leaners' Learning Path As A Collective Intelligence Using A Data Mining Technique, Seong-Yong Hong, Juyun Cho, Yonghyun Hwang

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

With the recent advances in computer technology along with pervasive internet accesses, data analytics is getting more attention than ever before. In addition, research areas on data analysis are diverging and integrating lots of different fields such as a business and social sector. Especially, recent researches focus on the data analysis for a better intelligent decision making and prediction system. This paper analyzes data collected from current IT learners who have already studied various IT subjects to find the IT learners’ learning patterns. The most popular learning patterns are identified through an association rule data mining using an arules package ...


The Impact Of Analytics Utilization On Team Performance: Comparisons Within And Across The U.S. Professional Sports Leagues, Lee A. Freeman Oct 2016

The Impact Of Analytics Utilization On Team Performance: Comparisons Within And Across The U.S. Professional Sports Leagues, Lee A. Freeman

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

Business analytics, defined as the use of data to make better, more relevant, evidence-based business decisions, has received a great deal of attention in practitioner circles. Organizations have adopted business analytics in an effort to improve revenue, product placement, and customer satisfaction. Professional sports teams are no different. While analytics has been used for over 30 years, the use of analytics by professional sports teams is a relatively new concept. However, it is unclear whether the teams that have adopted analytics are seeing any results. If not, then perhaps analytics is not the right solution. Analyses across the four, major ...


Motivations For Social Network Site (Sns) Gaming: A Uses And Gratification & Flow Perspective, Brinda Sampat, Bala Krishnamoorthy Oct 2016

Motivations For Social Network Site (Sns) Gaming: A Uses And Gratification & Flow Perspective, Brinda Sampat, Bala Krishnamoorthy

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

The penetration of the internet, smart-phones and tablets has witnessed tremendous increase in the number of people playing online games in the past few years. Social networking site (SNS) games are a subset of digital games. They are platform based, multiplayer and reveal the real identity of the player. These games are hosted on social networks such as Facebook, where in people play with many other players online. The risks associated with social network gaming are addiction, theft, fraud, loneliness, anxiety, aggression, poor academic performance, cognition distortion etc. This study aims to understand the user motivations to continue to play ...


Eight-Legged Encounters: Using Organismal Biology To Bring Science Education To Families & Communities, Eileen A. Hebets Sep 2016

Eight-Legged Encounters: Using Organismal Biology To Bring Science Education To Families & Communities, Eileen A. Hebets

SciComm 2016 - Lincoln, Nebraska, September 23-24, 2016

Path of the Predators: A Journey Through the Living Arachnids. Illustrations by Pawl Tisdale

WHAT IS AN ARTHROPOD?

CREATE A CHELICERATE

ASSEMBLE AN ARACHNID

TISSUE PAPER FLOWER

MICROSCOPE MADNESS

Eight-Legged Encounters Impact

Change in interest in learning about scientific discoveries among adult respondents (n = 63).

Youth’s interest in science activities (n = 42). Respondents were 50% female, 50% male and ranged in age from 4 – 14 with a mean of 7.7.


Public Perceptions Of Drones Used For Weather-Related Purposes, Lisa M. Pytlikzillig, Janell C. Walther, Carrick Detweiler, Adam L. Houston Sep 2016

Public Perceptions Of Drones Used For Weather-Related Purposes, Lisa M. Pytlikzillig, Janell C. Walther, Carrick Detweiler, Adam L. Houston

SciComm 2016 - Lincoln, Nebraska, September 23-24, 2016

The CLOUDMAP Team -- Collaboration Leading Operational UAS Development for Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics. An EPSCOR grant funded by NSF

Responsible Innovation & Trust

Public Perception Studies to Date

Some Major Findings • You can call a drone whatever you want without changing people’s support • Purpose matters • Trust matters…

And More Findings • Sensemaking through pop culture, lack of knowledge, questioning, and purpose. • Hopes for societal benefits such as research technology and improved public safety (reduced risk, better forecasting). • Concerns for privacy, public & airspace safety, and pollution. • Recommendations for collaborative regulation creation for safety and security, as well as privacy.

Next Steps • Studies ...


The Engineering Ambassadors Network: Engaging Undergraduate Engineers In P-12 Outreach, Sally Wei Sep 2016

The Engineering Ambassadors Network: Engaging Undergraduate Engineers In P-12 Outreach, Sally Wei

SciComm 2016 - Lincoln, Nebraska, September 23-24, 2016

In the next few minutes I want to focus your attention on the T and E of STEM. Take a few seconds and think about what in this room is either not engineering and tech itself or does not have any interface with engineering and tech.

So engineering is ubiquitous, how do we teach this across society particularly P12 and how do we create the pipeline?

The Engineering Ambassadors Network is a nationwide network of colleges and universities designed to change the conversation on engineering.

EAN’s mission is two‐fold: to develop engineering leaders as well as impact P ...


How To Be A Biologist?, Fernando Mateos-González Sep 2016

How To Be A Biologist?, Fernando Mateos-González

SciComm 2016 - Lincoln, Nebraska, September 23-24, 2016

http://bioblogia.net

http://www.bioblogia.net/p/consejosjovenesbiologos.html

Tips for young biologists-- •How and why study Biology •How to get experience, contacts, and jobs as a biologist •My own troubles/experiences

What do they ask about?

My own goals for SciComm2016…