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Women's And Gender Studies Newsletter, V6, Spring 2021, University of Northern Iowa. Women's and Gender Studies. 2021 University of Northern Iowa

Women's And Gender Studies Newsletter, V6, Spring 2021, University Of Northern Iowa. Women's And Gender Studies.

Women's and Gender Studies Newsletter

Inside this Issue:

--- International Women's Day
--- Director's Note
--- Retiring Faculty Highlight
--- Programming News
--- Women's History Month 2021
--- New Graduate Students Highlight
--- SWAG Minors
--- Alumni Highlight
--- Notables & Quotables


Body Neutrality, Natalie Horn 2021 University of Washington Tacoma

Body Neutrality, Natalie Horn

Sociology Student Work Collection

This presentation discusses what body neutrality is, why it is helpful, and how to practice it. Body neutrality is an alternative to body positivity, aiming to take focus away from beauty. Accepting one's body can be hard, but body neutrality can help.


Who Wears The Pants?, Louisse Bayhon 2021 University of Washington Tacoma

Who Wears The Pants?, Louisse Bayhon

Sociology Student Work Collection

Who wears the pants? And why we should stop asking this question.

This article will explore the standard of our society when it comes to relationships between heterosexual couples and homosexual couples in relevance to our gender norms and expectations focusing primarily on answering ‘who wears the pants or do we really need someone in to wear the pants in a relationship?


Building Inclusive Workplaces For Lesbians And Bisexual Women In Hong Kong’S Financial Services Industry, Denise Tse-Shang TANG, Stefanie TENG, Celine TAN, Bonnie LAM, Christina YUAN 2021 Lingnan University

Building Inclusive Workplaces For Lesbians And Bisexual Women In Hong Kong’S Financial Services Industry, Denise Tse-Shang Tang, Stefanie Teng, Celine Tan, Bonnie Lam, Christina Yuan

CCRD Research Report

Workplace inclusion is a core component of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in Hong Kong. Workplace inclusion points to the need for employers to recognize diversity among employees, to acknowledge their contributions to the work environment and to raise professional standards for the work force. Diversity within a workplace indicates inclusion of persons with different backgrounds as in racial, ethnic, sex, health status, sexual orientation and gender identity. Women are already less represented at senior levels across various business sectors in Hong Kong. Lesbians and bisexual women face a double glass ceiling in the workplace as a result of both their ...


為香港金融服務業的女同志和雙性戀女性僱員創造共融職場, Denise Tse-Shang TANG, 鄧惟君, 陳詩琳, 林寶琪, 袁琦婷 2021 Lingnan University

為香港金融服務業的女同志和雙性戀女性僱員創造共融職場, Denise Tse-Shang Tang, 鄧惟君, 陳詩琳, 林寶琪, 袁琦婷

CCRD Research Report

職場共融是香港企業社會責任(Corporate Social Responsibility, CSR)的重要一環。職場共融指出僱主需要尊重僱員之間的多樣性,肯定僱員對工作環境的不同貢獻,並提高員工的專業水準。多元的工作場所亦需要接納來自不同背景、膚色、種族、健康狀況、性傾向和性別認同的員工。綜觀香港商業各界,向來少有女性的高層代表。女同志和雙性戀女性更因為其性別和性傾向,在職場晉升中面臨「雙重隱形天花板」(double glass ceiling) 的阻礙。

透過嶺南大學創新及效益基金的資助,並與香港跨銀行同志論壇(The Hong Kong LGBT Interbank Forum)和Lesbians in Finance合作,鄧芝珊博士向正在香港金融和銀行業工作的女同志和雙性戀女性,進行了一項網絡問卷調查與兩次焦點小組訪談。研究旨在探討香港金融服務業當中,女同志和雙性戀女性所遇到的具體挑戰和障礙。

我們發現,只有37%的問卷調查受訪者曾經在職場「出櫃」,亦有23%向部分關係密切的同事「出櫃」。換言之,他們對於在職場「出櫃」一事仍然有重大顧慮。企業內的LGBT+員工亦面對「隱形天花板」的晉升問題,18%的調查受訪者同意、47%有點同意存在著這種限制。問及女同志和雙性戀女性是否比男同志更難在職場上「出櫃」時,32%受訪者同意、46%表示有點同意。27%的受訪者同意、39%表示有點同意「女同志和雙性戀女性難以獲得企業的晉升」。其他結果則顯示,女同志和雙性戀女性在企業環境中難被看見、缺乏指導機會、承受更大壓力和焦慮,且擔憂女同志和雙性戀女性的身份會令她們遭受質疑。相較於順性別的女性僱員,表現陽剛的員工亦明顯要面臨更嚴格的審查。故此,即使有關多元共融的討論,一直是改善香港企業工作環境的議程之一,但在提升女同志和雙性戀女性議題的意識方面,仍然存在不足之處。


The Dominance Of Masculinity: How The Expectation Of Stereotypical Gender Role Performance Undermines The Productivity Of Gay Men Working In Public Accounting Firms, Joshua Leinheiser 2021 University of South Carolina - Columbia

The Dominance Of Masculinity: How The Expectation Of Stereotypical Gender Role Performance Undermines The Productivity Of Gay Men Working In Public Accounting Firms, Joshua Leinheiser

Senior Theses

Discrimination against LGBTQ employees in business settings has been shown to be a problem and negatively affects these employees’ productivity and well-being. In particular, discrimination against gay and other queer men often stems from the view that homosexuality is emasculating and conflicts with traditional expectations of male gender performance. This is seen as undesirable in business since traditional masculinity is seen as useful due to its association with competitiveness and control.

The purpose of this study is to determine whether this paradigm extends to the workplaces of public accounting firms. A survey containing questions about gender, sexuality, gender expression, experiences ...


Global Studies Initiative Faculty Report: Interdisciplinary Collaborations, Dorie Geissler 2021 Parkland College

Global Studies Initiative Faculty Report: Interdisciplinary Collaborations, Dorie Geissler

Global Studies Initiatives in Social Sciences 2020 - 2021

No abstract provided.


Hegemonic Marriage: The Collision Of 'Transformative' Same-Sex Marriage With Reactionary Tax Law, Anthony C. Infanti 2021 University of Pittsburgh School of Law

Hegemonic Marriage: The Collision Of 'Transformative' Same-Sex Marriage With Reactionary Tax Law, Anthony C. Infanti

Articles

Before there was a culture war in the United States over same-sex marriage, there was a battle between opponents and proponents of same-sex marriage within the LGBTQ+ community. Some opposed same-sex marriage because of the long patriarchal history of marriage and the more consequential need to bridge the economic and privilege gap between the married and the unmarried. Others, in contrast, saw marriage as a civil rights issue and lauded the transformative potential of same-sex marriage, contending that it could upset the patriarchal nature of marriage and help to refashion marriage into something new and better.

This Article looks back ...


Moving Past The Binary: Transgender And Gender Non-Conforming Students’ Experiences Of And Perspectives On College Campus Fitness Centers, Rachel E. Petterson 2021 Bridgewater College

Moving Past The Binary: Transgender And Gender Non-Conforming Students’ Experiences Of And Perspectives On College Campus Fitness Centers, Rachel E. Petterson

Honors Projects

Transgender and gender non-conforming (TGNC) people face various mental and physical health disparities. Despite this, spaces related to health and wellness are not always inclusive. Similarly, college campuses are often not as inclusive or accommodating as they should be. This study looks at the experiences of TGNC students at campus fitness centers. Through both quantitative and qualitative data gathered through an online survey, it aims to better understand the following: the presence of inclusive facilities; the perceived importance of facility variables; use of campus fitness facilities by TGNC students; what improvements they would like to see; and how any of ...


Catholics & Cultures As An Act Of Improvisation: A Response, Thomas M. Landy 2021 College of the Holy Cross

Catholics & Cultures As An Act Of Improvisation: A Response, Thomas M. Landy

Journal of Global Catholicism

This essay responds to seven articles published in the same issue of the Journal of Global Catholicism on the use of Catholics & Cultures, a multimedia website, as a pedagogical resource for college classrooms. The site is deliberately presented in a fashion that undermines notions of center and periphery and presents Catholicism from a lay, lived-religion perspective as the multicultural faith that it is, minimizing reference to religious typologies. Particular attention is given to how to navigate tensions around theorizing, categorizing and sorting information for cross-cultural comparison. Given scholars’ current state of knowledge, writing about and teaching about global Catholicism requires ...


Teaching Sexuality On The Catholics & Cultures Website: A Refreshing Turn Toward The Longue Durée, Marc Roscoe Loustau 2021 College of the Holy Cross

Teaching Sexuality On The Catholics & Cultures Website: A Refreshing Turn Toward The Longue Durée, Marc Roscoe Loustau

Journal of Global Catholicism

I present a close reading of the Catholics & Cultures (C&C) website’s treatment of sexuality-related issues and discuss this material in relation to debates about how to teach sexuality in religious studies and theology classrooms. The C&C website occasionally and intermittently uses a typical “contemporary issues” approach that considers sexuality in relation to legal and legislative decisions and government policies. In contrast, country profiles consistently situate sexuality in relation processes like nation building, urbanization, and lay Catholics’ growing authority. My interpretation highlights the site’s decision to emphasize the longue durée, long-term and deep structural processes driving cultural ...


Focus On The Busy Intersections Of Culture And Cultural Change, Laura Elder 2021 College of the Holy Cross

Focus On The Busy Intersections Of Culture And Cultural Change, Laura Elder

Journal of Global Catholicism

The dynamics of religious resurgence reveal the important ways that religious ritual and performance are meaning making spaces which are not self-contained or cut off from the rest of culture, but rather are a key locus of cultural change. A renewed emphasis on the busy intersections of meaning making – as rituals are connected, disconnected, and reconnected to other domains of social life – would improve the utility of the Catholics & Cultures website for understanding global cultural change. And a renewed emphasis on cultural change would also provide a better means for exploring reflexively by seeking to understand both yourself and others ...


A Widened Angle Of View: Teaching Theology And Racial Embodiment, Mara Brecht 2021 College of the Holy Cross

A Widened Angle Of View: Teaching Theology And Racial Embodiment, Mara Brecht

Journal of Global Catholicism

Today’s undergraduate students are digital natives, shaped by constant access to information and countless experiences of encountering the world through the convenience of a screen. The ostensible comfort students have with difference gives way to a paradox, and one that’s made especially apparent in the theology classroom: Students are comfortable with seeing difference and particularity at a distance, but not adept at locating difference and particularity “at home.” I contend that Catholics & Cultures can help students from the dominant culture—namely, white students who comprise the vast majority of Catholic college students—destabilize their notion of the Catholic ...


Change And Variation In Couples' Earnings Equality Following Parenthood, Kelly Musick, Pilar Gonalons-Pons, Christine Schwartz 2021 Cornell University

Change And Variation In Couples' Earnings Equality Following Parenthood, Kelly Musick, Pilar Gonalons-Pons, Christine Schwartz

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Couples’ earnings equality declines substantially following a first birth, when time commitments at home and on the labor market diverge. In the context of broad increases in gender equality and growing socioeconomic disparities along various dimensions of family life, we examine changes in within-family earnings equality following parenthood and the extent to which they have played out differently by mothers’ education. Our analysis relies on links between rich surveys and administrative tax records that provide high quality earnings data for husbands and wives spanning two years before and up to 10 years following cohorts of first births from the 1980s ...


The Great Transition: Kuznets Facts For Family-Economists, Jeremy Greenwood, Nezih Guner, Ricardo Marto 2021 University of Pennsylvania

The Great Transition: Kuznets Facts For Family-Economists, Jeremy Greenwood, Nezih Guner, Ricardo Marto

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

The 20th century beheld a dramatic transformation of the family. Some Kuznets style facts regarding structural change in the family are presented. Over the course of the 20th century in the United States fertility declined, educational attainment waxed, housework fell, leisure increased, jobs shifted from blue to white collar, and marriage waned. These trends are also observed in the cross- country data. A model is developed, and then calibrated, to address the trends in the US data. The calibration procedure is closely connected to the underlying economic logic. Three drivers of the great transition are considered: neutral technological progress, skilled-biased ...


Desire, Familiarity, And Engagement In Polyamory: Results From A National Sample Of Single Adults In The United States, Amy C. Moors, Amanda N. Gesselman, Justin R. Garcia 2021 Chapman University

Desire, Familiarity, And Engagement In Polyamory: Results From A National Sample Of Single Adults In The United States, Amy C. Moors, Amanda N. Gesselman, Justin R. Garcia

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

Coupledom and notions of intimacy and family formation with one committed partner are hallmarks of family and relationship science. Recent national surveys in the United States and Canada have found that consensually non-monogamous relationships are common, though prevalence of specific types of consensual non-monogamy are unknown. The present research draws on a United States Census based quota sample of single adults (N = 3,438) to estimate the prevalence of desire for, familiarity with, and engagement in polyamory—a distinct type of consensually non-monogamous relationship where people typically engage in romantic love and sexual intimacy with multiple partners. Results show that ...


The Effects Of Negative Economic Shocks At Birth On Adolescents’ Cognitive Health And Educational Attainment In Malawi, Fabrice Kämpfen, Fatima Zahra, Hans-Peter Kohler, Rachel Kidman 2021 University of Pennsylvania

The Effects Of Negative Economic Shocks At Birth On Adolescents’ Cognitive Health And Educational Attainment In Malawi, Fabrice Kämpfen, Fatima Zahra, Hans-Peter Kohler, Rachel Kidman

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

We provide new evidence of the effects of moderate negative economic shocks in utero or shortly after birth on adolescents’ cognitive outcomes and educational attainment in Malawi. This is the first study in a sub-Saharan African (SSA) low-income country (LIC) to analyze the effect of not one, but multiple moderate negative economic shocks. This focus is important as multiple economic shocks in early life are more representative of the experiences of adolescents in LICs. Combining data on adolescents aged 10-16 from the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) project of the Malawi Longitudinal Study on Families and Health (MLSFH) (N = 1, 559 ...


Endline Results Brief: What Works To Improve Outcomes For Kenya's Adolescent Girls?, Population Council 2021 Population Council

Endline Results Brief: What Works To Improve Outcomes For Kenya's Adolescent Girls?, Population Council

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

The Adolescent Girls Initiative–Kenya is a study that evaluates the long-term impact of a multisectoral intervention targeted at adolescent girls aged 11 to 15 years from Kibera and rural Wajir. The intervention consists of four components: a community-based violence-prevention program, an education conditional cash transfer (CCT), health-focused girls-empowerment clubs, and wealth creation for girls via financial education and savings. A random selection of 6,000 girls were exposed to different components of the intervention. Key results, noted in this brief, are: conditional cash transfers are a key driver of improvement in education outcomes, and of delaying sexual debut and ...


The Adolescent Girls Initiative-Kenya—Executive Summary: Two-Year Follow Up Results, Population Council 2021 Population Council

The Adolescent Girls Initiative-Kenya—Executive Summary: Two-Year Follow Up Results, Population Council

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

In Kenya, early pregnancy is a challenge for girls that often has immediate effects on their educational opportunities, future implications for their social, health, and economic outcomes, and immediate and ongoing negative impacts on their children. Early pregnancy is an outcome shaped by a myriad of issues affecting an adolescent girl’s life—including community norms on gender roles, violence, and the social value of girls; barriers to formal education; household poverty; lack of economic independence; experience of violence; and social isolation. For girls to achieve well-being in early and late adolescence, no single-sector intervention—whether it be education, health ...


Why We Should Provide More Support For Women Of Color In Academia, Silvia Chairez-Perez 2021 Golden Gate University School of Law

Why We Should Provide More Support For Women Of Color In Academia, Silvia Chairez-Perez

Golden Gate University Race, Gender, Sexuality and Social Justice Law Journal

My experience as a woman of color in higher education is not unique. In this piece, I will share my own story and discuss challenges women of color face to succeed in academia and how their absence in these spaces negatively affects the success of female students of color. Additionally, I will describe methods institutions of higher learning can implement to hire more women of color and how having women of color teachers has impacted my educational journey.


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