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1,076 full-text articles. Page 39 of 39.

Comparison Of Mitotic Cell Death By Chromosome Fragmentation To Premature Chromosome Condensation, Joshua B. Stevens, Batoul Y. Abdallah, Sarah M. Regan, Guo Liu, Steven W. Bremer, Christine J. Ye, Henry H. Heng 2010 Center for Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Wayne State University School of Medicine

Comparison Of Mitotic Cell Death By Chromosome Fragmentation To Premature Chromosome Condensation, Joshua B. Stevens, Batoul Y. Abdallah, Sarah M. Regan, Guo Liu, Steven W. Bremer, Christine J. Ye, Henry H. Heng

Wayne State University Associated BioMed Central Scholarship

Abstract

Mitotic cell death is an important form of cell death, particularly in cancer. Chromosome fragmentation is a major form of mitotic cell death which is identifiable during common cytogenetic analysis by its unique phenotype of progressively degraded chromosomes. This morphology however, can appear similar to the morphology of premature chromosome condensation (PCC) and thus, PCC has been at times confused with chromosome fragmentation. In this analysis the phenomena of chromosome fragmentation and PCC are reviewed and their similarities and differences are discussed in order to facilitate differentiation of the similar morphologies. Furthermore, chromosome pulverization, which has been used almost ...


Development Of A Syngeneic Mouse Model Of Epithelial Ovarian Cancer, Bridget A. Quinn, Fang Xiao, Laura Bickel, Lainie Martin, Xiang Hua, Andres Klein-Szanto, Denise C. Connolly 2010 Virginia Commonwealth University

Development Of A Syngeneic Mouse Model Of Epithelial Ovarian Cancer, Bridget A. Quinn, Fang Xiao, Laura Bickel, Lainie Martin, Xiang Hua, Andres Klein-Szanto, Denise C. Connolly

Human and Molecular Genetics Publications

Background

Most cases of ovarian cancer are epithelial in origin and diagnosed at advanced stage when the cancer is widely disseminated in the peritoneal cavity. The objective of this study was to establish an immunocompetent syngeneic mouse model of disseminated epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) to facilitate laboratory-based studies of ovarian tumor biology and preclinical therapeutic strategies.

Methods

Individual lines of TgMISIIR-TAg transgenic mice were phenotypically characterized and backcrossed to inbred C57BL/6 mice. In addition to a previously described line of EOC-prone mice, two lines (TgMISIIR-TAg-Low) were isolated that express the oncogenic transgene, but have little or no ...


The Role Of Methyl Cpg Binding Domain Protein 2 (Mbd2) In The Regulation Of Embryonic And Fetal Β-Type Globin Genes, Merlin Nithya Gnanapragasam 2010 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Role Of Methyl Cpg Binding Domain Protein 2 (Mbd2) In The Regulation Of Embryonic And Fetal Β-Type Globin Genes, Merlin Nithya Gnanapragasam

Theses and Dissertations

The reexpression of the fetal γ-globin gene in adult erythrocytes is of therapeutic interest due to its ameliorating effects in β-hemoglobinopathies. We recently showed that Methyl CpG Binding Domain Protein2 (MBD2) contributes to the silencing of the chicken embryonic ρ-globin and human fetal γ-globin genes. We further biochemically characterized an erythroid MeCP1 complex that is recruited by MBD2 to mediate the silencing of these genes. These observations suggest that the disruption of the MeCP1 complex could augment the expression of the fetal/embryonic globin genes. In the studies presented in chapter 2, we have pursued a structural and biophysical analysis ...


Selection Of Optimal Reference Genes For Normalization In Quantitative Rt-Pcr., Inna Chervoneva, Yanyan Li, Stephanie Schulz, Sean Croker, Chantell Wilson, Scott A Waldman, Terry Hyslop 2010 Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA

Selection Of Optimal Reference Genes For Normalization In Quantitative Rt-Pcr., Inna Chervoneva, Yanyan Li, Stephanie Schulz, Sean Croker, Chantell Wilson, Scott A Waldman, Terry Hyslop

Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Normalization in real-time qRT-PCR is necessary to compensate for experimental variation. A popular normalization strategy employs reference gene(s), which may introduce additional variability into normalized expression levels due to innate variation (between tissues, individuals, etc). To minimize this innate variability, multiple reference genes are used. Current methods of selecting reference genes make an assumption of independence in their innate variation. This assumption is not always justified, which may lead to selecting a suboptimal set of reference genes. RESULTS: We propose a robust approach for selecting optimal subset(s) of reference genes with the smallest variance of the corresponding ...


Large Scale Analysis Of Positional Effects Of Single-Base Mismatches On Microarray Gene Expression Data, Fenghai Duan, Mark A. Pauley, Eliot R. Spindel, Li Zhang, Robert B. Norgren 2010 Brown University

Large Scale Analysis Of Positional Effects Of Single-Base Mismatches On Microarray Gene Expression Data, Fenghai Duan, Mark A. Pauley, Eliot R. Spindel, Li Zhang, Robert B. Norgren

Journal Articles: Genetics, Cell Biology & Anatomy

BACKGROUND: Affymetrix GeneChips utilize 25-mer oligonucleotides probes linked to a silica surface to detect targets in solution. Mismatches due to single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) can affect the hybridization between probes and targets. Previous research has indicated that binding between probes and targets strongly depends on the positions of these mismatches. However, there has been substantial variability in the effect of mismatch type across studies.

METHODS: By taking advantage of naturally occurring mismatches between rhesus macaque transcripts and human probes from the Affymetrix U133 Plus 2 GeneChip, we collected the largest 25-mer probes dataset with single-base mismatches at each of the ...


An Antisense Microwalk Reveals Critical Role Of An Intronic Position Linked To A Unique Long-Distance Interaction In Pre-Mrna Splicing, Natalia N. Singh, Katrin Hollinger, Dhruva Bhattacharya, Ravindra N. Singh 2010 Iowa State University

An Antisense Microwalk Reveals Critical Role Of An Intronic Position Linked To A Unique Long-Distance Interaction In Pre-Mrna Splicing, Natalia N. Singh, Katrin Hollinger, Dhruva Bhattacharya, Ravindra N. Singh

Biomedical Sciences Publications

Here we report a novel finding of an antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) microwalk in which we examined the position-specific role of intronic residues downstream from the 5′ splice site (5′ ss) of SMN2 exon 7, skipping of which is associated with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), a leading genetic cause of infant mortality. Our results revealed the inhibitory role of a cytosine residue at the 10th intronic position (10C), which is neither conserved nor associated with any known splicing motif. Significance of 10C emerged from the splicing pattern of SMN2 exon 7 in presence of a 14-mer ASO (L14) that ...


Early Detection Of Response To Hydroxyurea Therapy In Patients With Sickle Cell Anemia., Samir K. Ballas, William F. McCarthy, Nan Guo, Carlo Brugnara, Gail Kling, Robert L. Bauserman, Myron A. Waclawiw 2010 Cardeza Foundation for Hematologic Research, Department of Medicine, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University

Early Detection Of Response To Hydroxyurea Therapy In Patients With Sickle Cell Anemia., Samir K. Ballas, William F. Mccarthy, Nan Guo, Carlo Brugnara, Gail Kling, Robert L. Bauserman, Myron A. Waclawiw

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Red blood cells (RBC) and reticulocyte parameters were determined on peripheral blood from a subset of patients enrolled in the multicenter study of hydroxyuea (HU) in sickle cell anemia. Multiple blood samples were obtained every 2 weeks. Cellular indices were measured by flow cytometry. Generalized linear models were used to determine the relationship between the longitudinal trajectories of RBC and reticulocyte indices and HU usage. There was a significant relationship between HU usage and most of the RBC and reticulocyte indices. Hydroxyurea produced higher value trajectories than those generated by placebo usage for the hemoglobin (Hb) content of both the ...


Definitions Of The Phenotypic Manifestations Of Sickle Cell Disease., Samir K Ballas, Susan Lieff, Lennette J Benjamin, Carlton D Dampier, Matthew M Heeney, Carolyn Hoppe, Cage S Johnson, Zora R Rogers, Kim Smith-Whitley, Winfred C Wang, Marilyn J Telen 2010 Thomas Jefferson University

Definitions Of The Phenotypic Manifestations Of Sickle Cell Disease., Samir K Ballas, Susan Lieff, Lennette J Benjamin, Carlton D Dampier, Matthew M Heeney, Carolyn Hoppe, Cage S Johnson, Zora R Rogers, Kim Smith-Whitley, Winfred C Wang, Marilyn J Telen

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a pleiotropic genetic disorder of hemoglobin that has profound multiorgan effects. The low prevalence of SCD ( approximately 100,000/US) has limited progress in clinical, basic, and translational research. Lack of a large, readily accessible population for clinical studies has contributed to the absence of standard definitions and diagnostic criteria for the numerous complications of SCD and inadequate understanding of SCD pathophysiology. In 2005, the Comprehensive Sickle Cell Centers initiated a project to establish consensus definitions of the most frequently occurring complications. A group of clinicians and scientists with extensive expertise in research and treatment ...


Variable Number Of Tandem Repeat Polymorphisms (Vntrs) In The Acan Gene Associated With Pectus Excavatum, Michael W. Stacey, Serina Neumann, Ashley Dooley, Kara Segna, Robert Kelly, Donald Nuss, Anne Kuhn, Michael Goretsky, Annie Fecteau, Aimee Pastor, Virginia Proud 2010 Old Dominion University

Variable Number Of Tandem Repeat Polymorphisms (Vntrs) In The Acan Gene Associated With Pectus Excavatum, Michael W. Stacey, Serina Neumann, Ashley Dooley, Kara Segna, Robert Kelly, Donald Nuss, Anne Kuhn, Michael Goretsky, Annie Fecteau, Aimee Pastor, Virginia Proud

Bioelectrics Publications

No abstract provided.


Chemosensitization Of Cancer Cells By Sirna Using Targeted Nanogel Delivery, Erin B. Dickerson, William H. Blackburn, Michael H. Smith, Laura B. Kapa, L. Andrew Lyon, John F. McDonald 2010 Georgia Institute of Technology

Chemosensitization Of Cancer Cells By Sirna Using Targeted Nanogel Delivery, Erin B. Dickerson, William H. Blackburn, Michael H. Smith, Laura B. Kapa, L. Andrew Lyon, John F. Mcdonald

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

Background: Chemoresistance is a major obstacle in cancer treatment. Targeted therapies that enhance cancer cell sensitivity to chemotherapeutic agents have the potential to increase drug efficacy while reducing toxic effects on untargeted cells. Targeted cancer therapy by RNA interference (RNAi) is a relatively new approach that can be used to reversibly silence genes in vivo by selectively targeting genes such as the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), which has been shown to increase the sensitivity of cancer cells to taxane chemotherapy. However, delivery represents the main hurdle for the broad development of RNAi therapeutics.

Methods: We report here the use ...


Differential Genome-Wide Array–Based Methylation Profiles In Prognostic Subsets Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Meena Kanduri, Nicola Cahill, Hanna Göransson, Camilla Enström, Fergus Ryan, Anders Isaksson, Richard Rosenquist 2010 Uppsala Universitet

Differential Genome-Wide Array–Based Methylation Profiles In Prognostic Subsets Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Meena Kanduri, Nicola Cahill, Hanna Göransson, Camilla Enström, Fergus Ryan, Anders Isaksson, Richard Rosenquist

Articles

Global hypomethylation and regional hypermethylation are well-known epigenetic features of cancer; however, in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), studies on genome-wide epigenetic modifications are limited. Here, we analyzed the global methylation profiles in CLL, by applying high-resolution methylation microarrays (27 578 CpG sites) to 23 CLL samples, belonging to the immunoglobulin heavy-chain variable (IGHV) mutated (favorable) and IGHV unmutated/IGHV3-21 (poor-prognostic) subsets. Overall, results demonstrated significant differences in methylation patterns between these subgroups. Specifically, in IGHV unmutated CLL, we identified methylation of 7 known or candidate tumor suppressor genes (eg, VHL, ABI3, and IGSF4) as well as 8 unmethylated genes involved ...


Hereditary 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D-Resistant Rickets With Alopecia Resulting From A Novel Missense Mutation In The Dna-Binding Domain Of The Vitamin D Receptor., Peter J. Malloy, Jining Wang, Tarak Srivastava, David Feldman 2010 Children's Mercy Hospital

Hereditary 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D-Resistant Rickets With Alopecia Resulting From A Novel Missense Mutation In The Dna-Binding Domain Of The Vitamin D Receptor., Peter J. Malloy, Jining Wang, Tarak Srivastava, David Feldman

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

The rare genetic recessive disease, hereditary vitamin D resistant rickets (HVDRR), is caused by mutations in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) that result in resistance to the active hormone 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3) or calcitriol). In this study, we examined the VDR from a young boy with clinical features of HVDRR including severe rickets, hypocalcemia, hypophosphatemia and partial alopecia. The pattern of alopecia was very unusual with areas of total baldness, adjacent to normal hair and regions of scant hair. The child failed to improve on oral calcium and vitamin D therapy but his ...


Prospects And Pits On The Path Of Biomimetics: The Case Of Tooth Enamel, Vuk Uskoković 2010 Chapman University

Prospects And Pits On The Path Of Biomimetics: The Case Of Tooth Enamel, Vuk Uskoković

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

This review presents a discourse on challenges in understanding and imitating the process of amelogenesis in vitro on the molecular scale. In light of the analysis of imitation of the growth of dental enamel, it also impends on the prospects and potential drawbacks of the biomimetic approach in general. As the formation of enamel proceeds with the protein matrix guiding the crystal growth, while at the same time conducting its own degradation and removal, it is argued that three aspects of amelogenesis need to be induced in parallel: a) crystal growth; b) protein assembly; c) proteolytic degradation. A particular emphasis ...


Semiparametric Analysis Of Recurrent Events: Artificial Censoring, Truncation, Pairwise Estimation And Inference, Debashis Ghosh 2009 Penn State University

Semiparametric Analysis Of Recurrent Events: Artificial Censoring, Truncation, Pairwise Estimation And Inference, Debashis Ghosh

Debashis Ghosh

The analysis of recurrent failure time data from longitudinal studies can be complicated by the presence of dependent censoring. There has been a substantive literature that has developed based on an artificial censoring device. We explore in this article the connection between this class of methods with truncated data structures. In addition, a new procedure is developed for estimation and inference in a joint model for recurrent events and dependent censoring. Estimation proceeds using a mixed U-statistic based estimating function approach. New resampling-based methods for variance estimation and model checking are also described. The methods are illustrated by application to ...


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