High-Frequency Diode Effect In Superconducting Nb3Sn Microbridges, 2023 Chapman University

#### High-Frequency Diode Effect In Superconducting Nb3Sn Microbridges, Sara Chahid, Serafim Teknowijoyo, Iris Mowgood, Armen Gulian

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

The superconducting diode effect has recently been reported in a variety of systems and different symmetry-breaking mechanisms have been examined. However, the frequency range of these potentially important devices still remains obscure. We investigated superconducting microbridges of Nb3Sn in out-of-plane magnetic fields; optimum magnetic fields of ∼10 mT generate ∼10% diode efficiency, while higher fields of ∼15–20 mT quench the effect. The diode changes its polarity with magnetic field reversal. We documented superconductive diode rectification at frequencies up to 100 kHz, the highest reported as of today. Interestingly, the bridge resistance during diode operation reaches a value that is a …

A Quantum Approach To Language Modeling, 2023 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### A Quantum Approach To Language Modeling, Constantijn Van Der Poel

*Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

This dissertation consists of six chapters. . . Chapter 1: We introduce language modeling, outline the software used for this thesis, and discuss related work. Chapter 2: We will unpack the transition from classical to quantum probabilities, as well as motivate their use in building a model to understand language-like datasets. Chapter 3: We motivate the Motzkin dataset, the models we will be investigating, as well as the necessary algorithms to do calculations with them. Chapter 4: We investigate our models’ sensitivity to various hyperparameters. Chapter 5: We compare the performance and robustness of the models. Chapter 6: We conclude …

"Semiclassical Mastermind", 2023 Morehead State University

#### "Semiclassical Mastermind", Curtis Bair, Alexa S. Cunningham, Joshua Qualls

*Posters-at-the-Capitol*

Games are often used in the classroom to teach mathematical and physical concepts. Yet the available activities used to introduce quantum mechanics are often overwhelming even to upper-level students. Further, the "games" in question range in focus and complexity from superficial introductions to games where quantum strategies result in decidedly nonclassical advantages, making it nearly impossible for people interested in quantum mechanics to have a simple introduction to the topic. In this talk, we introduce a straightforward and newly developed "Semiclassical Mastermind" based on the original version of mastermind but replace the colored pegs with 6 possible qubits (x+, x-, …

Gluon Transverse-Momentum-Dependent Distributions From Large-Momentum Effective Theory, 2023 Old Dominion University

#### Gluon Transverse-Momentum-Dependent Distributions From Large-Momentum Effective Theory, Ruilin Zhu, Yao Ji, Jian-Hui Zhang, Shuai Zhao

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We demonstrate that gluon transverse-momentum-dependent parton distribution functions (TMDPDFs) can be extracted from lattice calculations of appropriate Euclidean correlations in large-momentum effective theory (LaMET). Based on perturbative calculations of gluon unpolarized and helicity TMDPDFs, we present a matching formula connecting them and their LaMET counterparts, where the latter are renormalized in a scheme facilitating lattice calculations and converted to the MS ¯ scheme. The hard matching kernel is given up to one-loop level. We also show that the perturbative result is independent of the prescription used for the pinch-pole singularity in the relevant correlations. Our results offer a guidance for …

Golay Codes And Quantum Contextuality, 2022 Chapman University

#### Golay Codes And Quantum Contextuality, Mordecai Waegell, P. K. Aravind

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

It is shown that the codewords of the binary and ternary Golay codes can be converted into rays in RP^{23} and RP^{11} that provide proofs of the Kochen-Specker theorem in real state spaces of dimensions 24 and 12, respectively. Some implications of these results are discussed.

Fourier Acceleration In The Linear Sigma Model, 2022 University of Connecticut

#### Fourier Acceleration In The Linear Sigma Model, Cameron Cianci

*Honors Scholar Theses*

The linear sigma model is a low energy effective model of Quantum Chromodynamics. This model mimics the breaking of chiral symmetry both spontaneously and explicitly through the quark condensate and pion mass matrix respectively. Fourier acceleration is a method that can be implemented in the Hybrid Monte-Carlo algorithm which decreases autocorrelations due to critical slowing down through tuning the mass parameters in the HMC algorithm. Fourier acceleration is applied to the linear sigma model with a novel mass estimation procedure, by assuming the modes behave approximately like simple harmonic oscillators. The masses are chosen by sampling the expectation values of …

What Is Nonclassical About Uncertainty Relations?, 2022 Technische Universität Berlin

#### What Is Nonclassical About Uncertainty Relations?, Lorenzo Catani, Matthew S. Leifer, Giovanni Scala, David Schmid, Robert W. Spekkens

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

Uncertainty relations express limits on the extent to which the outcomes of distinct measurements on a single state can be made jointly predictable. The existence of nontrivial uncertainty relations in quantum theory is generally considered to be a way in which it entails a departure from the classical worldview. However, this perspective is undermined by the fact that there exist operational theories which exhibit nontrivial uncertainty relations but which are consistent with the classical worldview insofar as they admit of a generalized-noncontextual ontological model. This prompts the question of what aspects of uncertainty relations, if any, *cannot* be realized in …

Two-Step Single Qubit Gates For Superconducting Qubits, 2022 University of Texas at El Paso

#### Two-Step Single Qubit Gates For Superconducting Qubits, Edward Takyi

*Open Access Theses & Dissertations*

Why quantum information processing? Contemporary manipulation and transmission of information is executed through physical machines (computers, routers, scanners, etc.) in which Classical Mechanics is used to describe the embodiment and transformation of information. However, the physical theory of the world is not Classical Mechanics. And so, there is no reason to suppose that machines following the laws of Classical Mechanics would have the same computational power like quantum machines. Quantum computers would break the rules of classical computers and they would be able solve problems that are intractable on conventional supercomputers.

In order to fabricate quantum computers and make significant …

The Impact Of A Nuclear Disturbance On A Space-Based Quantum Network, 2022 amiloshe

#### The Impact Of A Nuclear Disturbance On A Space-Based Quantum Network, Alexander Miloshevsky

*Doctoral Dissertations*

Quantum communications tap into the potential of quantum mechanics to go beyond the limitations of classical communications. Currently, the greatest challenge facing quantum networks is the limited transmission range of encoded quantum information. Space-based quantum networks offer a means to overcome this limitation, however the performance of such a network operating in harsh conditions is unknown. This dissertation analyzes the capabilities of a space-based quantum network operating in a nuclear disturbed environment. First, performance during normal operating conditions is presented using Gaussian beam modeling and atmospheric modeling to establish a baseline to compare against a perturbed environment. Then, the DEfense …

Gate-Controlled Quantum Dots In Two-Dimensional Tungsten Diselenide And One-Dimensional Tellurium Nanowires, 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

#### Gate-Controlled Quantum Dots In Two-Dimensional Tungsten Diselenide And One-Dimensional Tellurium Nanowires, Shiva Davari Dolatabadi

*Graduate Theses and Dissertations*

This work focuses on the investigation of gate-defined quantum dots in two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide tungsten diselenide (WSe2) as a means to unravel mesoscopic physical phenomena such as valley-contrasting physics in WSe2 flakes and its potential application as qubit, as well as realizing gate-controlled quantum dots based on elementaltellurium nanostructures which may unlock the topological nature of the host material carriers such as Weyl states in tellurium nanowires.The fabrication and characterization of gate-defined hole quantum dots in monolayer and bilayer WSe2 are reported. The gate electrodes in the device design are located above and below the WSe2 nanoflakes to accumulate …

High Fidelity Universal Gates Performed On A Continuously-Decoupled Coherence Enhanced Transmon Qubit, 2022 Syracuse University

#### High Fidelity Universal Gates Performed On A Continuously-Decoupled Coherence Enhanced Transmon Qubit, Michael Senatore

*Dissertations - ALL*

Decoherence is the primary limiting factor for the utility of modern qubits and qubit networks; most chiefly, pure dephasing which limits the operational time any gate-sequence can produce a high-fidelity result. In this dissertation, I present the results of my experiment, performing fast, high fidelity, universal single-qubit gates, on a qubit which has been decoupled from pure dephasing resulting from environmental noise. This technique can expand operational ranges of qubits–such as allowing the high-coherence operation of a flux-tunable qubit far away from its flux-insensitive sweet-spot; broadening our selection of viable qubits by making otherwise low-coherence qubits operable with high coherence, …

Non-Inertial Quantum Clock Frames Lead To Non-Hermitian Dynamics, 2022 Bar-Ilan University

#### Non-Inertial Quantum Clock Frames Lead To Non-Hermitian Dynamics, Ismael L. Paiva, Amit Te'eni, Bar Y. Peled, Eliahu Cohen, Yakir Aharonov

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

The operational approach to time is a cornerstone of relativistic theories, as evidenced by the notion of proper time. In standard quantum mechanics, however, time is an external parameter. Recently, many attempts have been made to extend the notion of proper time to quantum mechanics within a relational framework. Here, we use similar ideas combined with the relativistic mass-energy equivalence to study an accelerating massive quantum particle with an internal clock system. We show that the ensuing evolution from the perspective of the particle’s internal clock is non-Hermitian. This result does not rely on specific implementations of the clock. As …

Compilation Optimizations To Enhance Resilience Of Big Data Programs And Quantum Processors, 2022 Louisiana State University at Baton Rouge

#### Compilation Optimizations To Enhance Resilience Of Big Data Programs And Quantum Processors, Travis D. Lecompte

*LSU Doctoral Dissertations*

Modern computers can experience a variety of transient errors due to the surrounding environment, known as soft faults. Although the frequency of these faults is low enough to not be noticeable on personal computers, they become a considerable concern during large-scale distributed computations or systems in more vulnerable environments like satellites. These faults occur as a bit flip of some value in a register, operation, or memory during execution. They surface as either program crashes, hangs, or silent data corruption (SDC), each of which can waste time, money, and resources. Hardware methods, such as shielding or error correcting memory (ECM), …

Symmetry Breaking Effects In Low-Dimensional Quantum Systems, 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Symmetry Breaking Effects In Low-Dimensional Quantum Systems, Ke Wang

*Doctoral Dissertations*

Quantum criticality in low-dimensional quantum systems is known to host exotic behaviors. In quantum one-dimension (1D), the emerging conformal group contains infinite generators, and conformal techniques, e.g., operator product expansion, give accurate and universal descriptions of underlying systems. In quantum two-dimension (2D), the electronic interaction causes singular corrections to Fermi-liquids characteristics. Meanwhile, the Dirac fermions in topological 2D materials can greatly enrich emerging phenomena. In this thesis, we study the symmetry-breaking effects of low-dimensional quantum criticality. In 1D, we consider two cases: time-reversal symmetry (TRS) breaking in the Majorana conformal field theory (CFT) and the absence of conformal symmetry in …

Reservoir Engineering Of Multi-Photon States In Circuit Quantum Electrodynamics, 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Reservoir Engineering Of Multi-Photon States In Circuit Quantum Electrodynamics, Jeffrey M. Gertler

*Doctoral Dissertations*

The field of experimental quantum information has made significant progress towards useful computation but has been handicapped by the dissipative nature of physical qubits. Except for unwieldy and unrealized topological qubits, all quantum information systems experience natural dissipation, which limits the time scale for useful computation. However, this same dissipation, which induces errors requiring quantum error correction (QEC), can be used as a resource to perform a variety of important and unrealized tasks. In this thesis I discuss research into three uses of dissipation: manifold stabilization, state transfer, and QEC. With reservoir engineering, these tasks can be addressed in an …

Anomalous Transport, Quasiperiodicity, And Measurement Induced Phase Transitions, 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Anomalous Transport, Quasiperiodicity, And Measurement Induced Phase Transitions, Utkarsh Agrawal

*Doctoral Dissertations*

With the advent of the noisy-intermediate scale quantum (NISQ) era quantum computers are increasingly becoming a reality of the near future. Though universal computation still seems daunting, a great part of the excitement is about using quantum simulators to solve fundamental problems in fields ranging from quantum gravity to quantum many-body systems. This so-called second quantum revolution rests on two pillars. First, the ability to have precise control over experimental degrees of freedom is crucial for the realization of NISQ devices. Significant progress in the control and manipulation of qubits, atoms, and ions, as well as their interactions, has not …

Characterization Of Superconducting Hardware For Implementing Quantum Stabilizers, 2022 Syracuse University

#### Characterization Of Superconducting Hardware For Implementing Quantum Stabilizers, Kenneth Richard Dodge

*Dissertations - ALL*

Superconducting qubits are one of the leading approaches being investigated for building a scalable quantum computer. In the presence of external noise and perturbations plus local microscopic fluctuations and dissipation in the qubit environment, arbitrary quantum states will decohere, leading to bit-flip and phase-flip errors of the qubit. In order to build a fault-tolerant quantum computer that can preserve and process quantum information in the presence of noise and dissipation, one must implement some form of quantum error correction. Stabilizer operations are at the heart of quantum error correction and are typically implemented in software-controlled entangling gates and measurements of …

Classification Of Pixel Tracks To Improve Track Reconstruction From Proton-Proton Collisions, 2022 Southern Methodist University

#### Classification Of Pixel Tracks To Improve Track Reconstruction From Proton-Proton Collisions, Kebur Fantahun, Jobin Joseph, Halle Purdom, Nibhrat Lohia

*SMU Data Science Review*

In this paper, machine learning techniques are used to reconstruct particle collision pathways. CERN (Conseil européen pour la recherche nucléaire) uses a massive underground particle collider, called the Large Hadron Collider or LHC, to produce particle collisions at extremely high speeds. There are several layers of detectors in the collider that track the pathways of particles as they collide. The data produced from collisions contains an extraneous amount of background noise, i.e., decays from known particle collisions produce fake signal. Particularly, in the first layer of the detector, the pixel tracker, there is an overwhelming amount of background noise that …

Methods For Bioconjugation Of Biochemical Sensors Based On Metallic Nanoparticles, 2022 University of Alabama in Huntsville

#### Methods For Bioconjugation Of Biochemical Sensors Based On Metallic Nanoparticles, Jacob Rolin

*Summer Community of Scholars Posters (RCEU and HCR Combined Programs)*

No abstract provided.

Control Of Nonlinear Properties Of Van Der Waals Materials, 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### Control Of Nonlinear Properties Of Van Der Waals Materials, Rezlind Bushati

*Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

Van der Waals materials are a broad class of materials that exhibit unique optoelectronic properties. They provide a rich playground for which they can be integrated into current on-chip devices due to their nanometer-scale size, and be utilized for studying fundamental physics. Strong coupling of emitters to microcavities provides many opportunities for new exotic physics through the formation of hybrid quasi-particles exciton-polaritons. This thesis

focuses on exploring and enhancing nonlinearity of van der Waals materials through strongly coupling to microcavities. By taking advantage of the stacking order of TMDs, we show intense second-harmonic generation from bulk, centrosymmetric TMD systems. In …