Quantum Control Via A Genetic Algorithm Of The Field Ionization Pathway Of A Rydberg Electron, 2017 Bryn Mawr College

#### Quantum Control Via A Genetic Algorithm Of The Field Ionization Pathway Of A Rydberg Electron, Vincent C. Gregoric, Xinyue Kang, Zhimin Cheryl Liu, Zoe A. Rowley, Thomas J. Carroll, Michael W. Noel

*Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications*

Quantum control of the pathway along which a Rydberg electron field ionizes is experimentally and computationally demonstrated. Selective field ionization is typically done with a slowly rising electric field pulse. The (1/n^{*})^{4} scaling of the classical ionization threshold leads to a rough mapping between arrival time of the electron signal and principal quantum number of the Rydberg electron. This is complicated by the many avoided level crossings that the electron must traverse on the way to ionization, which in general leads to broadening of the time-resolved field ionization signal. In order to control the ionization pathway, thus directing ...

Improved Partial Charge Models In Siliceous Zeolites For The Simulation Of Adsorption And Identification Of Catalytic Sites, 2017 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

#### Improved Partial Charge Models In Siliceous Zeolites For The Simulation Of Adsorption And Identification Of Catalytic Sites, Jarod J. Wolffis

*UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones*

Utilization of computational modelling and simulation is expanding as computer processing power has increased and as new tools have been developed. This thesis focuses on efforts to improve the accuracy of simulations in aluminosilicate zeolites, an industrially important category of materials for catalysis and separations. For these sorbents, partial atomic charge represents a critical parameter in molecular mechanics simulations, determining the Coulombic non-bonding interaction. Partial charges may also be used as a measure of important physical parameters of the system such as the degree of covalency or the relative acidity of catalytic sites. We compare several common methods for predicting ...

Optimizing An Electron's Path To Ionization Using A Genetic Algorithm, 2017 Ursinus College

#### Optimizing An Electron's Path To Ionization Using A Genetic Algorithm, Jason Bennett, Kevin Choice

*Physics and Astronomy Summer Fellows*

A Rydberg atom is an atom with a highly excited and weakly bound valence electron. A widespread method of studying quantum mechanics with Rydberg atoms is to ionize the electron and measure its arrival time. We use a Genetic Algorithm (GA) to control the electron's path to ionization. The Rydberg electron's energy levels are strongly shifted by the presence of an electric field. The energy levels shift and curve, but never cross. At an avoided crossing the electron can jump from one level to the next. By engineering the electric field's time dependence, we thereby control the ...

Is Qbism The Future Of Quantum Physics?, 2017 Chapman University

#### Is Qbism The Future Of Quantum Physics?, Kelvin J. Mcqueen

*Philosophy Faculty Articles and Research*

A review of Hans Christian von Baeyer’s *QBism: The Future of Quantum Physics.*

Distance Verification For Classical And Quantum Ldpc Codes, 2017 University of California at Riverside

#### Distance Verification For Classical And Quantum Ldpc Codes, Ilya Dumer, Alexey Kovalev, Leonid P. Pryadko

*Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy*

The techniques of distance verification known for general linear codes are first applied to the quantum stabilizer codes. Then, these techniques are considered for classical and quantum (stabilizer) low-density-parity-check (LDPC) codes. New complexity bounds for distance verification with provable performance are derived using the average weight spectra of the ensembles of LDPC codes. These bounds are expressed in terms of the erasure-correcting capacity of the corresponding ensemble. We also present a new irreducible-cluster technique that can be applied to any LDPC code and takes advantage of parity-checks’ sparsity for both the classical and quantum LDPC codes. This technique reduces complexity ...

Is A Time Symmetric Interpretation Of Quantum Theory Possible Without Retrocausality?, 2017 Chapman University

#### Is A Time Symmetric Interpretation Of Quantum Theory Possible Without Retrocausality?, Matthew S. Leifer, Matthew F. Pusey

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

Huw Price has proposed an argument that suggests a time symmetric ontology for quantum theory must necessarily be retrocausal, i.e. it must involve influences that travel backwards in time. One of Price's assumptions is that the quantum state is a state of reality. However, one of the reasons for exploring retrocausality is that it offers the potential for evading the consequences of no-go theorems, including recent proofs of the reality of the quantum state. Here, we show that this assumption can be replaced by a different assumption, called *λ*-mediation, that plausibly holds independently of the status of ...

Quantum Optical Interferometry And Quantum State Engineering, 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### Quantum Optical Interferometry And Quantum State Engineering, Richard J. Birrittella Jr

*All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

We highlight some of our research done in the fields of quantum optical interferometry and quantum state engineering. We discuss the body of work for which our research is predicated, as well as discuss some of the fundamental tenants of the theory of phase estimation. We do this in the context of quantum optical interferometry where our primary interest lies in the calculation of the quantum Fisher information as it has been shown that the minimum phase uncertainty obtained, the quantum Cramer-Rao bound, is saturated by parity-based detection methods. We go on to show that the phase uncertainty one obtains ...

On-Sight Shifting At The Cryogenic Underground Observatory For Rare Events, 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

#### On-Sight Shifting At The Cryogenic Underground Observatory For Rare Events, Aaron C. Wong

*Physics*

During the summer of 2016, four Cal Poly students traveled to Assergi, Italy to contribute to the CUORE collaboration which is in search of a rare process called neutrinoless double beta decay. If detected, neutrinoless double beta decay will make break throughs in particle and nuclear physics, and will be the first observation of lepton number violation. The Cal Poly students provided on-sight shifting support during the installation phase of the project. This is a breakdown of the physics behind CUORE and Cal Poly's contribution.

The Iterative Method For Quantum Double-Well And Symmetry-Breaking Potentials, 2017 Clark Atlanta University

#### The Iterative Method For Quantum Double-Well And Symmetry-Breaking Potentials, Nada Alsufyani

*Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University*

Numerical solutions of quantum mechanical problems have witnessed tremendous advances over the past years. In this thesis, we develop an iterative approach to problems of double-well potentials and their variants with parity-time-reversal symmetry- breaking perturbations. We show that the method provides an efficient scheme for obtaining accurate energies and wave functions. We discuss in this thesis potential applications to a variety of related topics such as phase transitions, symmetry breaking, and external field-induced effects.

Measurement-Based Quantum Computation And Symmetry-Protected Topological Order, 2017 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

#### Measurement-Based Quantum Computation And Symmetry-Protected Topological Order, Jacob E. Miller

*Physics & Astronomy ETDs*

While quantum computers can achieve dramatic speedups over the classical computers familiar to us, identifying the origin of this quantum advantage in physical systems remains a major goal of quantum information science. A useful tool here is measurement-based quantum computation (MQC), a computational framework utilizing the quantum entanglement found in many-body resource states. Not all resource states are useful for quantum computation however, so an important question is what properties of many-body entanglement characterize universal resource states, which can implement any quantum computation.

Many-body states are also studied in condensed matter physics, where the collective behavior of quantum many-body systems ...

Orthogonal Representations, Projective Rank, And Fractional Minimum Positive Semidefinite Rank: Connections And New Directions, 2017 Iowa State University

#### Orthogonal Representations, Projective Rank, And Fractional Minimum Positive Semidefinite Rank: Connections And New Directions, Leslie Hogben, Kevin F. Palmowski, David E. Roberson, Simone Severini

*Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra*

Fractional minimum positive semidefinite rank is defined from r-fold faithful orthogonal representations and it is shown that the projective rank of any graph equals the fractional minimum positive semidefinite rank of its complement. An r-fold version of the traditional definition of minimum positive semidefinite rank of a graph using Hermitian matrices that fit the graph is also presented. This paper also introduces r-fold orthogonal representations of graphs and formalizes the understanding of projective rank as fractional orthogonal rank. Connections of these concepts to quantum theory, including Tsirelson's problem, are discussed.

Studies In Mesoscopics And Quantum Microscopies, 2017 Illinois Wesleyan University

#### Studies In Mesoscopics And Quantum Microscopies, Zhenghao Ding, Gabriel C. Spalding

*Honors Projects*

This thesis begins with a foundational section on quantum optics. The single-photon detectors used in the first chapter were obtained through the Advanced Laboratory Physics Association (ALPhA), which brokered reduced cost for educational use, and the aim of the single-photon work presented in Chapter 1 is to develop modules for use in Illinois Wesleyan's instructional labs beyond the first year of university. Along with the American Association of Physics Teachers, ALPhA encourages capstone-level work, such as Chapter 1 of this honors thesis, which is explicitly designed to play the role of passing on, to a next generation of physics ...

Silver Nanoparticles As A Potential Solar Absorber, 2017 Bowling Green State University

#### Silver Nanoparticles As A Potential Solar Absorber, Benjamin Hardy

*Honors Projects*

This work reports the development of Silver nanoparticles implanted into a polymer as a solar absorber. The plasmonic nature of silver nanoparticle allows for adjustments to be made in its UV-VIS-NIR absorbance spectrum. A combination of different sized/shaped particles could result in ideal absorption of the majority of the solar spectrum. Allotting this with the stability of a polymer leads to potential solids or solutions that could work as a solar absorber. Tests were also performed to determine whether or not UV-C irradiation during synthesis effects the characteristics of silver nanoparticles, in particular the absorbance. Successful synthesis of silver ...

Holographic Non-Perturbative Thermodynamic Systems, 2017 College of William and Mary

#### Holographic Non-Perturbative Thermodynamic Systems, Michael C. Kopreski

*Undergraduate Honors Theses*

The anti-de Sitter/conformal field theory (AdS/CFT) correspondence conjectures a duality between field theories and higher dimensional theories of gravitation. Recent results describing thermodynamic systems in the AdS/CFT context include an exact description of the efficiency of black hole heat engines, suggesting questions regarding the nature of heat engines within this formulation and the extent to which thermodynamic principles may be applied. We verify the Clausius statement and the maximum efficiency of the Carnot engine, and show that these follow from the thermodynamic definitions of the heat engine.

In a related scope, we propose that, given the Ryu-Takayanagi ...

Key Encryption Through Quantum Optics, 2017 Georgia College and State University

#### Key Encryption Through Quantum Optics, Madison Durrance, Zach Galberd, Abbey Savage, Tristan Cabrera, Josh Hoffman

*Georgia College Student Research Events*

Cryptography has been around since the dawn of human civilization to send private messages for commercial, military, and political purposes. Some of the most important ciphers are the Vigenère cipher, the enigma, and the more modern RSA. Because of the development of the internet, private encryption has also become increasingly more important. The weakest link of encryption is the key creation and key distribution. A key is needed to encrypt and decipher codes and is needed by both the user and sender. A solution to this problem is the generation of quantum key distributions. In our experiment, we are now ...

Mermin Inequalities For Perfect Correlations In Many-Qutrit Systems, 2017 Dartmouth College

#### Mermin Inequalities For Perfect Correlations In Many-Qutrit Systems, Jay Lawrence

*Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles*

The existence of Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) contradictions in many-qutrit systems was a long-standing theoretical question until its (affirmative) resolution in 2013. To enable experimental tests, we derive Mermin inequalities from concurrent observable sets identified in those proofs. These employ a weighted sum of observables, called M, in which every term has the chosen GHZ state as an eigenstate with eigenvalue unity. The quantum prediction for M is then just the number of concurrent observables, and this grows asymptotically as 2N/3 as the number of qutrits N→∞. The maximum classical value falls short for every N≥3, so that the quantum ...

On The Reality Of Mathematics, 2017 Southeastern University - Lakeland

#### On The Reality Of Mathematics, Brendan Ortmann

*Selected Student Publications*

Mathematics is an integral cornerstone of science and society at large, and its implications and derivations should be considered. That mathematics is frequently abstracted from reality is a notion not countered, but one must also think upon its physical basis as well. By segmenting mathematics into its different, abstract philosophies and real-world applications, this paper seeks to peer into the space that mathematics seems to fill; that is, to understand *how* and *why* it works. Under mathematical theory, Platonism, Nominalism, and Fictionalism are analyzed for their validity and their shortcomings, in addition to the evaluation of infinities and infinitesimals, to ...

The Case Of The Disappearing (And Re-Appearing) Particle, 2017 Chapman University

#### The Case Of The Disappearing (And Re-Appearing) Particle, Yakir Aharonov, Eliahu Cohen, Ariel Landau, Avshalom C. Elitzur

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

A novel prediction is derived by the Two-State-Vector-Formalism (TSVF) for a particle superposed over three boxes. Under appropriate pre- and post-selections, and with tunneling enabled between two of the boxes, it is possible to derive not only one, but three predictions for three different times within the intermediate interval. These predictions are moreover contradictory. The particle (when looked for using a projective measurement) seems to disappear from the first box where it would have been previously found with certainty, appearing instead within the third box, to which no tunneling is possible, and later re-appearing within the second. It turns out ...

Explorations Of Quantum Entanglement, 2017 DePauw University

#### Explorations Of Quantum Entanglement, John Stanton

*Student research*

This thesis develops an undergraduate level understanding of quantum entanglement by expressing its properties in three unique mediums: mathematical formalism, application in technology and experiment. The mathematical formalism of entanglement is developed by working through theoretical experiments that utilize the entangled polarization states of photons. Notation used to describe entangled photon states is then used to illustrate how other types of entangled quantum states can be used in real technology, such as is the case with quantum computing. Finally, the theoretical predictions associated with entanglement are discussed in reference to two quantum optics experiments.

Neutron-Unbound Excited States Of 23n, 2017 Michigan State University

#### Neutron-Unbound Excited States Of 23n, M. Jones, T. Baumann, J. Brett, J. Bullaro, P. A. Deyoung, J.E. Finck, N. Frank, K. Hammerton, J. Hinnefeld, Z. Kohley, A. N. Kuchera, J. Pereira, A. Rabeh, J. K. Smith, A. Spyrou, Sharon L. Stephenson, K. Stiefel, M. Tuttle-Timm, R. G.T. Zegers, M. Thoennessen

*Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications*

Neutron unbound states in 23N were populated via proton knockout from an 83.4 MeV/nucleon 24O beam on a liquid deuterium target. The two-body decay energy displays two peaks at E1∼100keV and E2∼1MeV with respect to the neutron separation energy. The data are consistent with shell model calculations predicting resonances at excitation energies of ∼3.6MeV and ∼4.5MeV. The selectivity of the reaction implies that these states correspond to the first and second 3/2− states. The energy of the first state is about 1.3 MeV lower than the first excited 2+ in 24O. This ...