Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering Cross Section At High Bjorken đť“ŤB, 2022 Old Dominion University

#### Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering Cross Section At High Bjorken đť“ŤB, F. Georges, M.N.H. Rashad, A. Stefanko, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, P. Zhu, Et Al.

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We report high-precision measurements of the deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) cross section at high values of the Bjorken variable đť“Ť_{B}. DVCS is sensitive to the generalized parton distributions of the nucleon, which provide a three-dimensional description of its internal constituents. Using the exact analytic expression of the DVCS cross section for all possible polarization states of the initial and final electron and nucleon, and final state photon, we present the first experimental extraction of all four helicity-conserving Compton form factors (CFFs) of the nucleon as a function of đť“Ť_{B}, while systematically including helicity flip amplitudes. â€¦

Accessing Scattering Amplitudes Using Quantum Computers, 2022 Old Dominion University

#### Accessing Scattering Amplitudes Using Quantum Computers, RaĂşl A. BriceĂ±o, Marco A. Carrillo, Juan V. Guerrero, Maxwell T. Hansen, Alexandru M. Sturzu

*Physics Faculty Publications*

Future quantum computers may serve as a tool to access non-perturbative real-time correlation functions. In this talk, we discuss the prospects of using these to study Compton scattering for arbitrary kinematics. The restriction to a finite-volume spacetime, unavoidable in foreseeable quantum-computer simulations, must be taken into account in the formalism for extracting scattering observables. One approach is to work with a non-zero iĎµ-prescription in the Fourier transform to definite momentum and then to estimate an ordered double limit, in which the spacetime volume is sent to infinity before Ďµ is sent to 0. For the amplitudes and parameters considered here, â€¦

Connecting Matrix Elements To Multi-Hadron Form-Factors, 2022 Old Dominion University

#### Connecting Matrix Elements To Multi-Hadron Form-Factors, Andrew W. Jackura

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We discuss developments in calculating multi-hadron form-factors and transition processes via lattice QCD. Our primary tools are finite-volume scaling relations, which map spectra and matrix elements to the corresponding multi-hadron infinite-volume amplitudes. We focus on two hadron processes probed by an external current, and provide various checks on the finite-volume formalism in the limiting cases of perturbative interactions and systems forming a bound state. By studying model-independent properties of the infinite-volume amplitudes, we are able to rigorously define form-factors of resonances.

Combining Nonperturbative Transverse Momentum Dependence With Tmd Evolution, 2022 Old Dominion University

#### Combining Nonperturbative Transverse Momentum Dependence With Tmd Evolution, J.O. Gonzalez-Hernandez, T. C. Rogers, N. Sato

*Physics Faculty Publications*

Central to understanding the nonperturbative, intrinsic partonic nature of hadron structure are the concepts of transverse momentum dependent (TMD) parton distribution and fragmentation functions. A TMD factorization approach to the phenomenology of semi-inclusive processes that includes evolution, higher orders, and matching to larger transverse momentum is ultimately necessary for reliably connecting with phenomenologically extracted nonperturbative structures, especially when widely different scales are involved. In this paper, we will address some of the difficulties that arise when phenomenological techniques that were originally designed for very high energy applications are extended to studies of hadron structures, and we will solidify the connection â€¦

Athena Detector Proposal â€” A Totally Hermetic Electron Nucleus Apparatus Proposed For Ip6 At The Electron-Ion Collider, 2022 Old Dominion University

#### Athena Detector Proposal â€” A Totally Hermetic Electron Nucleus Apparatus Proposed For Ip6 At The Electron-Ion Collider, J. Adam, L. Adamczyk, N. Agrawal, C. Aidala, W. Akers, M. Alekseev, M.M. Allen, F. Ameli, A. Angerami, P. Antonioli, N. J. Apadula, A. Aprahamian, W. Armstrong, M. Arratia, J. R. Arrington, A. Asaturyan, E. C. Aschenauer, K. Augsten, S. Aune, M. Ĺ»urek, Et Al.

*Physics Faculty Publications*

ATHENA has been designed as a general purpose detector capable of delivering the full scientific scope of the Electron-Ion Collider. Careful technology choices provide fine tracking and momentum resolution, high performance electromagnetic and hadronic calorimetry, hadron identification over a wide kinematic range, and near-complete hermeticity. This article describes the detector design and its expected performance in the most relevant physics channels. It includes an evaluation of detector technology choices, the technical challenges to realizing the detector and the R&D required to meet those challenges.

Toward The Determination Of The Gluon Helicity Distribution In The Nucleon From Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics, 2022 Old Dominion University

#### Toward The Determination Of The Gluon Helicity Distribution In The Nucleon From Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics, Colin Egerer, BĂˇlint JoĂł, Joseph Karpie, Nikhil Karthik, Tanjib Khan, Christopher J. Monahan, Wayne Morris, Kostas Orginos, Anatoly Radyushkin, David G. Richards, Eloy Romero, Raza Sabbir Sufian, Savvas Zafeiropoulos

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We present the first exploratory lattice quantum chromodynamics (QCD) calculation of the polarized gluon Ioffe-time pseudodistribution in the nucleon. The Ioffe-time pseudodistribution provides a frame-independent and gauge-invariant framework to determine the gluon helicity in the nucleon from first principles. We employ a high-statistics computation using a **32 ^{3} Ă— 64** lattice ensemble characterized by a 358 MeV pion mass and a 0.094 fm lattice spacing. We establish the pseudodistribution approach as a feasible method to address the proton spin puzzle with successive improvements in statistical and systematic uncertainties anticipated in the future. Within the statistical precision of our data, we â€¦

Collinear Factorization At Subasymptotic Kinematics And Validation In A Diquark Spectator Model, 2022 Old Dominion University

#### Collinear Factorization At Subasymptotic Kinematics And Validation In A Diquark Spectator Model, Juan V. Guerrero, Alberto Accardi

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We revisit the derivation of collinear factorization for Deep Inelastic Scattering at subasymptotic values of the four-momentum transfer squared, where the masses of the particles participating in the interaction cannot be neglected. By using an inclusive jet function to describe the scattered quark final state, we can restrict the needed parton kinematic approximations just to the four-momentum conservation of the hard scattering process, and explicitly expand the rest of the diagram in powers of the unobserved parton transverse momenta rather than neglecting those. This procedure provides one with more flexibility in fixing the virtuality of the scattered and recoiling partons â€¦

Theoretical Investigation On Optical Properties Of 2d Materials And Mechanical Properties Of Polymer Composites At Molecular Level, 2022 Michigan Technological University

#### Theoretical Investigation On Optical Properties Of 2d Materials And Mechanical Properties Of Polymer Composites At Molecular Level, Geeta Sachdeva

*Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports*

The field of two-dimensional (2D) layered materials provides a new platform for studying diverse physical phenomena that are scientifically interesting and relevant for technological applications. Theoretical predictions from atomically resolved computational simulations of 2D materials play a pivotal role in designing and advancing these developments. The focus of this thesis is 2D materials especially graphene and BN studied using density functional theory (DFT) and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. In the first half of the thesis, the electronic structure and optical properties are discussed for graphene, antimonene, and borophene. It is found that the absorbance in (atomically flat) multilayer antimonene (group â€¦

Radiative Width Of K*(892) From Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics, 2022 William & Mary - Arts & Sciences

#### Radiative Width Of K*(892) From Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics, Archana Radhakrishnan

*Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects*

In this dissertation, we use lattice quantum chromodynamics to explore the radiative transitions of Ď€*K* to *K*, to calculate the radiative width of the resonant *K**(892) which appears in the P-wave Ď€*K* â†’ Îł*K* transition amplitude. The matrix elements are extracted from three-point functions calculated in a finite-volume discretized lattice with a pion mass of 284 MeV. The finite-volume amplitudes, which are constrained over a large number of Ď€*K* energy points and four-momentum transfers, are mapped to the infinite volume transition amplitude by using the Lellouch-LĂĽscher formalism. The radiative width is determined to be â€¦

Quantum Sensing For Low-Light Imaging, 2022 William & Mary - Arts & Sciences

#### Quantum Sensing For Low-Light Imaging, Savannah Cuozzo

*Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects*

In high-precision optical measurements, noise due to quantum fluctuations in the amplitude and phase of the probing field becomes the limiting factor in detection sensitivity. While this quantum noise is fundamental and not a result of detection, it is possible to engineer a quantum state that has reduced noise in either amplitude or phase (at the cost of increasing noise in the other) called a quadrature-squeezed state. In this dissertation, we study the use of quadrature-squeezed vacuum states for low-light imaging and develop a quantum detection method to measure the spatial dependence of the quantum noise using a camera instead â€¦

Intracavity Phase Interferometry Based Fiber Sensors, 2021 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

#### Intracavity Phase Interferometry Based Fiber Sensors, Luke Jameson Horstman

*Optical Science and Engineering ETDs*

Intracavity Phase Interferometry (IPI) is a detection technique that exploits the inherent sensitivity of a laser's frequency to the parameters of its cavity. Intracavity interferometry is orders of magnitude more sensitive than its extracavity alternatives. This dissertation improves on previous free-space proof-of-concept designs. By implementing the technique in fiber optics, using optical parametric oscillation, and investigating non-Hermitian quantum mechanics and dispersion tailoring enhancement techniques, IPI has become more applicable and sensitive. Ring and linear IPI configurations were realized in this work, both operating as bidirectional fiber optical parametric oscillators. The benefit of using externally pumped synchronous optical parametric oscillation is â€¦

Quantum Field Theories, Topological Materials, And Topological Quantum Computing, 2021 Portland State University

#### Quantum Field Theories, Topological Materials, And Topological Quantum Computing, Muhammad Ilyas

*Dissertations and Theses*

A quantum computer can perform exponentially faster than its classical counterpart. It works on the principle of superposition. But due to the decoherence effect, the superposition of a quantum state gets destroyed by the interaction with the environment. It is a real challenge to completely isolate a quantum system to make it free of decoherence. This problem can be circumvented by the use of topological quantum phases of matter. These phases have quasiparticles excitations called anyons. The anyons are charge-flux composites and show exotic fractional statistics. When the order of exchange matters, then the anyons are called non-Abelian anyons. Majorana â€¦

Limits On Parameter Estimation Of Quantum Channels, 2021 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

#### Limits On Parameter Estimation Of Quantum Channels, Vishal Katariya

*LSU Doctoral Dissertations*

The aim of this thesis is to develop a theoretical framework to study parameter estimation of quantum channels. We begin by describing the classical task of parameter estimation that we build upon. In its most basic form, parameter estimation is the task of obtaining an estimate of an unknown parameter from some experimental data. This experimental data can be seen as a number of samples of a parameterized probability distribution. In general, the goal of such a task is to obtain an estimate of the unknown parameter while minimizing its error.

We study the task of estimating unknown parameters which â€¦

Computer Program Simulation Of A Quantum Turing Machine With Circuit Model, 2021 Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology

#### Computer Program Simulation Of A Quantum Turing Machine With Circuit Model, Shixin Wu

*Mathematical Sciences Technical Reports (MSTR)*

Molina and Watrous present a variation of the method to simulate a quantum Turing machine employed in Yaoâ€™s 1995 publication â€śQuantum Circuit Complexityâ€ť. We use a computer program to implement their method with linear algebra and an additional unitary operator defined to complete the details. Their method is verified to be correct on a quantum Turing machine.

Hybrid Two Dimensional Quantum Devices, 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

#### Hybrid Two Dimensional Quantum Devices, Joshua Patrick Thompson

*Graduate Theses and Dissertations*

This thesis describes measurements on hybrid material systems involving two dimensional (2D) materials and phenomena along with the development of a small, hermetically sealed cell. The hermetic cell is designed to assist with analyzing sensitive 2D materials outside of an inert environment. When working with van der Waals materials that are especially sensitive to oxygen or water, it can be difficult to identify usable thin flakes without exposing them to air. To help preserve materials for analysis in air, a capsule was designed that isolates the material in an inert environment. Although the capsule is hermetically sealed, the encapsulated material â€¦

Quantum State Estimation And Tracking For Superconducting Processors Using Machine Learning, 2021 Chapman University

#### Quantum State Estimation And Tracking For Superconducting Processors Using Machine Learning, Shiva Lotfallahzadeh Barzili

*Computational and Data Sciences (PhD) Dissertations*

Quantum technology has been rapidly growing; in particular, the experiments that have been performed with superconducting qubits and circuit QED have allowed us to explore the light-matter interaction at its most fundamental level. The study of coherent dynamics between two-level systems and resonator modes can provide insight into fundamental aspects of quantum physics, such as how the state of a system evolves while being continuously observed. To study such an evolving quantum system, experimenters need to verify the accuracy of state preparation and control since quantum systems are very fragile and sensitive to environmental disturbance. In this thesis, I look â€¦

A Quantum Mechanics Approach For The Dynamics Of An Immigration, Emigration Fission Model, 2021 University of Wisconsin - Whitewater

#### A Quantum Mechanics Approach For The Dynamics Of An Immigration, Emigration Fission Model, Leon Arriola

*Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research*

No abstract provided.

Gravitational Wave Sensors Based On Superconducting Transducers, 2021 Chapman University

#### Gravitational Wave Sensors Based On Superconducting Transducers, Armen Gulian, Joe Foreman, Vahan Nikoghosyan, Louis Sica, Pablo Abramian-Barco, Jeff Tollaksen, Gurgen Melkonyan, Iris Mowgood, Chris Burdette, Rajendra Dulal, Serafim Teknowijoyo, Sara Chahid, Shmuel Nussinov

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

Following the initial success of LIGO, new advances in gravitational wave (GW) detector systems are planned to reach fruition during the next decades. These systems are interferometric and large. Here we suggest different, more compact detectors of GW radiation with competitive sensitivity. These nonresonant detectors are not interferometric. They use superconducting Cooper pairs in a magnetic field to transform mechanical motion induced by GW into detectable magnetic flux. The detectors can be oriented relative to the source of GW, so as to maximize the signal output and help determine the direction of nontransient sources. In this design an incident GW â€¦

Wave Function Identity: A New Symmetry For 2-Electron Systems In An Electromagnetic Field, 2021 Sacred Heart University

#### Wave Function Identity: A New Symmetry For 2-Electron Systems In An Electromagnetic Field, Marlina Slamet, Viraht Sahni

*Publications and Research*

Stationary-state SchrĂ¶dinger-Pauli theory is a description of electrons with a spin moment in an external electromagnetic field. For 2-electron systems as described by the SchrĂ¶dinger-Pauli theory Hamiltonian with a symmetrical binding potential, we report a new symmetry operation of the electronic coordinates. The symmetry operation is such that it leads to the equality of the transformed wave function to the wave function. This equality is referred to as the Wave Function Identity. The symmetry operation is a two-step process: an interchange of the spatial coordinates of the electrons whilst keeping their spin moments unchanged, followed by an inversion. The Identity â€¦

Loren Haarsma - When Did Sin Begin?, 2021 Calvin University

#### Loren Haarsma - When Did Sin Begin?, Loren Haarsma

*University Faculty Publications and Creative Works*

Patrick Hamilton speaks to Calvin University Professor, Loren Haarsma, about the origins of sin and various ways to make sense of the doctrine of original sin in light of evolutionary origins. Other topics of conversation include psychology, free will and the theology of Saint Augustine.