Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Engineering Physics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,383 Full-Text Articles 3,287 Authors 272,107 Downloads 94 Institutions

All Articles in Engineering Physics

Faceted Search

1,383 full-text articles. Page 5 of 54.

Radiation Tolerance In Nano-Structured Crystalline Fe(Cr)/Amorphous Sioc Composite, Qing Su, Tianyao Wang, Lin Shao, Michael Nastasi 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Radiation Tolerance In Nano-Structured Crystalline Fe(Cr)/Amorphous Sioc Composite, Qing Su, Tianyao Wang, Lin Shao, Michael Nastasi

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

The management of irradiation defects is one of key challenges for structural materials in current and future reactor systems. To develop radiation tolerant alloys for service in extreme irradiation environments, the Fe self-ion radiation response of nanocomposites composed of amorphous silicon oxycarbide (SiOC) and crystalline Fe(Cr) were examined at 10, 20, and 50 displacements per atom damage levels. Grain growth in width direction was observed to increase with increasing irradiation dose in both Fe(Cr) films and Fe(Cr) layers in the nanocomposite after irradiation at room temperature. However, compared to the Fe(Cr) film, the Fe(Cr) layers ...


Medium-Dependent Antibacterial Properties And Bacterial Filtration Ability Of Reduced Graphene Oxide, Alexander Gusev, Olga Zakharova, Dmitry S. Muratov, Nataliia S. Vorobeva, Mamun Sarker, Iaroslav Rybkin, Daniil Bratashov, Evgeny Kolesnikov, Aleš Lapanje, Denis V. Kuznetsov, Alexander Sinitskii 2019 Derzhavin Tambov State University

Medium-Dependent Antibacterial Properties And Bacterial Filtration Ability Of Reduced Graphene Oxide, Alexander Gusev, Olga Zakharova, Dmitry S. Muratov, Nataliia S. Vorobeva, Mamun Sarker, Iaroslav Rybkin, Daniil Bratashov, Evgeny Kolesnikov, Aleš Lapanje, Denis V. Kuznetsov, Alexander Sinitskii

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

Toxicity of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) has been a topic of multiple studies and was shown to depend on a variety of characteristics of rGO and biological objects of interest. In this paper, we demonstrate that when studying the same dispersions of rGO and fluorescent Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria, the outcome of nanotoxicity experiments also depends on the type of culture medium. We show that rGO inhibits the growth of bacteria in a nutrition medium but shows little effect on the behavior of E. coli in a physiological saline solution. The observed effects of rGO on E. coli in ...


Magnetic And Magnetocaloric Properties Of Pr2-Xndxfe17 Ribbons, Bishnu Dahal, Parashu Kharel, Thomas Ott, Wenyong Zhang, Shah R. Valloppilly, Ralph Skomski, David J. Sellmyer 2019 South Dakota State University

Magnetic And Magnetocaloric Properties Of Pr2-Xndxfe17 Ribbons, Bishnu Dahal, Parashu Kharel, Thomas Ott, Wenyong Zhang, Shah R. Valloppilly, Ralph Skomski, David J. Sellmyer

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

The structural, magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of Fe deficient Pr2-xNdxFe17 (x = 0.5, 0.7) alloys prepared by arc-melting and melt- spinning have been investigated. The room temperature x-ray diffraction patterns show that the samples are nearly single-phase and crystallize in the rhombohedral Th2Zn17-type crystal structure. The Curie temperatures determined from the thermomagnetic curves are 302 K and 307 K for Pr1.5Nd0.5Fe17 and Pr1.3Nd0.7Fe17, respectively. The peak magnetic entropy change and the relative cooling power at field ...


Controlling The Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy Of E-Fe2o3, Imran Ahamed, Ralph Skomski, Arti Kashyap 2019 Indian Institute of Technology

Controlling The Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy Of E-Fe2o3, Imran Ahamed, Ralph Skomski, Arti Kashyap

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

The magnetocrystalline anisotropy of pristine and Co-substituted ε-Fe2O3 is investigated by density functional calculations. The epsilon-iron oxide is the only polymorph of Fe2O3 magnetoelectric in its antiferromagnetic ground states other crystalline forms being α-Fe2O3 (hematite), β-Fe2O3, and γ-Fe2O3 (maghemite). The magnetizations of the four iron sublattices are antiferromagnetically aligned with slightly different magnetic moments resulting in a ferrimagnetic structure. Compared to the naturally occurring hematite and maghemite, bulk ε-Fe2O3 is difficult to prepare, but ε-Fe2O3 nanomaterials of different geometries ...


High Energy Product Of Mnbi By Field Annealing And Sn Alloying, Wenyong Zhang, Balamurugan Balasubramanian, Parashu Kharel, Rabindra Pahari, Shah R. Valloppilly, Xingzhong Li, Lanping Yue, Ralph Skomski, David J. Sellmyer 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

High Energy Product Of Mnbi By Field Annealing And Sn Alloying, Wenyong Zhang, Balamurugan Balasubramanian, Parashu Kharel, Rabindra Pahari, Shah R. Valloppilly, Xingzhong Li, Lanping Yue, Ralph Skomski, David J. Sellmyer

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

Permanent-magnet materials are one cornerstone of today’s technology, abundant in disk drives, motors, medical equipment, wind gen- erators, and cars. A continuing challenge has been to reconcile high permanent-magnet performance with low raw-material costs. This work reports a Mn-Bi-Sn alloy exclusively made from inexpensive elements, exhibiting high values of Curie-temperature, magnetization, anisotropy, coercivity, and energy product. The samples are produced by field annealing of rapidly quenched Sn-containing MnBi alloys, where the improvement of the magnetic properties is caused by the substitutional occupancy of the 2c sites in the hexagonal NiAs structure by Sn. The substitution modifies the electronic structure ...


Boundary Conditions And Berry Phase In Magnetic Nanostructures, A. Ullah, B. Balamurugan, W. Zhang, D. J. Sellmyer, R. Skomski 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Boundary Conditions And Berry Phase In Magnetic Nanostructures, A. Ullah, B. Balamurugan, W. Zhang, D. J. Sellmyer, R. Skomski

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

The effect of micromagnetic boundary conditions on the Berry curvature and topological Hall effect in granular nanostructures is investi- gated by model calculations. Both free surfaces and grain boundaries between interacting particles or grains affect the spin structure. The Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions yield corrections to the Erdmann-Weierstrass boundary conditions, but the Berry curvature remains an exclusive functional of the local spin structure, which greatly simplifies the treatment of nanostructures. An explicit example is a model nanostructure with cylindrical symmetry whose spin structure is described by Bessel function and which yields a mean-field-type Hall-effect contribution that can be related to magnetic-force-microscopy images.


Charge Storage In Wo³ Polymorphs And Their Application As Supercapacitor Electrode Material, Vaibhav Lokhande, Abhishek Lokhande, Gon Namkoong, Jin Hyeok Kim, Taeksoo Ji 2019 Old Dominion University

Charge Storage In Wo³ Polymorphs And Their Application As Supercapacitor Electrode Material, Vaibhav Lokhande, Abhishek Lokhande, Gon Namkoong, Jin Hyeok Kim, Taeksoo Ji

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Tungsten oxide is a versatile material with different applications. It has many polymorphs with varying performance in energy storage application. We report simple and facile way to synthesize four phases of tungsten oxide from same precursor materials only by changing the pH and temperature values. Monoclinic, hexagonal, orthorhombic and tetragonal phase obtained, were analyzed and tested for supercapacitor application. The electrochemical analysis of four phases indicates that the hexagonal phase is best-suited electrode material for supercapacitor. The hexagonal phase exhibits higher specific capacitance (377.5 Fg-1 at 2 mVs-1), higher surface capacitive contribution (75%), better stability and rate ...


Question 1: Driving Rain, Question 2: Cooking Off Ammo, Larry Weinstein 2019 Old Dominion University

Question 1: Driving Rain, Question 2: Cooking Off Ammo, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

The article presents two questions on topics including calculation of highway gas mileage decrease in heavy rain and initial velocity of a bullet in case the propellant in its cartridge exploded outside of a gun.


Solutions For Fermi Questions, March 2019: Question 1: I'M Stoked!; Question 2: Geckos, Larry Weinstein 2019 Old Dominion University

Solutions For Fermi Questions, March 2019: Question 1: I'M Stoked!; Question 2: Geckos, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

The article presents questions and answers concerning the maximum power that a coal-power steam engine can attain and the number of geckos needed to lift a glass window pane and a plate-glass window.


Question 1: I'M Stoked!; Question 2: Geckos, Larry Weinstein 2019 Old Dominion University

Question 1: I'M Stoked!; Question 2: Geckos, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

A quiz is presented about the maximum power of steam engines and the number of geckos needed to apply enough force to lift a typical glass window pane.


Quantifying The Concentration And Penetration Depth Of Long-Lived Rons In Plasma Activated Water By Uv Absorption Spectroscopy, Zhijie Liu, Chunxi Zhou, Dingxin Liu, Tongtong He, Li Guo, Dehui Xu, Michael G. Kong 2019 Old Dominion University

Quantifying The Concentration And Penetration Depth Of Long-Lived Rons In Plasma Activated Water By Uv Absorption Spectroscopy, Zhijie Liu, Chunxi Zhou, Dingxin Liu, Tongtong He, Li Guo, Dehui Xu, Michael G. Kong

Bioelectrics Publications

Reactive oxygen and reactive nitrogen species (RONS) are believed to play a key role in biomedical applications, which means that RONS must reach the target tissue to produce a therapeutic effect. Existing methods (electron spin spectrometry and microplate reading) to determine the RONS concentration are not suitable for experimental real-time measurements because they require adding an indicating reagent to the plasma-treated medium, which may alter the chemical composition of the medium. In this paper, we propose a method to measure the long-lived RONS concentration in plasma-activated water (PAW) by using UV absorption spectroscopy. Based on an analysis and fit of ...


On Atmospheric Lapse Rates, Nihad E. Daidzic 2019 AAR Aerospace Consulting, LLC

On Atmospheric Lapse Rates, Nihad E. Daidzic

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

We have derived and summarized and most important atmospheric temperature lapse rates. ALRs essentially govern vertical atmospheric air stability and creation of some cloud types. The sensitivity analysis of various atmospheric lapse rates and their dependence on actual ideal-gas air properties and gravitational attraction was conducted for the first time to the best of our knowledge. SALR, which has DALR as the upper asymptote, showed steepest decrease at around 9 degrees Celsius then flattening out and apparently approaching another asymptotic solution which has not been investigated as it falls outside of the terrestrial temperature range. ISA lapse rates are adopted ...


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2018 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Electrical Characterization Of Crystalline Uo2, Tho2 And U0.71Th0.29O2, Christina L. Dugan 2018 Air Force Institute of Technology

Electrical Characterization Of Crystalline Uo2, Tho2 And U0.71Th0.29O2, Christina L. Dugan

Theses and Dissertations

Uranium dioxide (UO2), thorium dioxide (ThO2), and UxTh1-xO2 alloys are characterized for suitability in uranium-based neutron detectors. ThO2 was studied for an envisioned UO2/ThO2 heterojunction. A U0.71Th0.29O2 alloy was studied because of its resistance to oxidation and potential use in surface passivation. The U0.71Th0.29O2 effective Debye temperature of 217± 24 K was measured using temperature-dependent x-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS). The specific heat capacity for the U0.71Th0.29O2 alloy was ...


Nonlinear Sliding Mode Observer Applied To Microalgae Growth, Rebecca J. Griffith 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Nonlinear Sliding Mode Observer Applied To Microalgae Growth, Rebecca J. Griffith

Dissertations and Theses

Modeling biological processes, such as algae growth, is an area of ongoing research. The ability to understand the multitude of parameters that influence this system provides a platform for better understanding the dynamics of microalgae growth. Empirical modeling efforts look to understand sources of driving nutrients that influence harmful algal blooms (HABs). These harmful algal blooms are dense aggregates that have an increasingly negative impact on local economics, marine and freshwater systems, and public health. They result from a high influx of nitrogen and nutrients that drive the algae biomass to exponentially grow. This growth blocks out the sun, potentially ...


Fabrication And Characterization Of Electrochemical Glucose Sensors, Mohammed Marie 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Fabrication And Characterization Of Electrochemical Glucose Sensors, Mohammed Marie

Theses and Dissertations

Electrochemical sensors based on the nanostructure of the semiconductor materials are of tremendous interest to be utilized for glucose monitoring. The sensors, based on the nanostructure of the semiconductor materials, are the third generations of the glucose sensors that are fast, sensitive, and cost-effect for glucose monitoring.

Glucose sensors based on pure zinc oxide nanorods (NRs) grown on different substrates, such ITO, FTO, and Si/SiO2/Au, were investigated in this research. Silicon nanowire (NW)- based glucose sensors were also studied. First, an enzyme-based glucose sensor was fabricated out of glass/ITO/ZnO NRs/BSA/GOx/nafion membrane. The sensor ...


Quasi-Particle Band Structure And Excitonic Effects In One-Dimensional Atomic Chains, Eesha Sanjay Andharia 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Quasi-Particle Band Structure And Excitonic Effects In One-Dimensional Atomic Chains, Eesha Sanjay Andharia

Theses and Dissertations

The high exciton binding energy in one dimensional (1D) nano-structures makes them prominent for optoelectronic device applications, making it relevant to theoretically investigate their electronic and optical properties. Many-body effects that are not captured by the conventional density functional theory (DFT) have a huge impact in such selenium and tellurium single helical atomic chains. This work goes one step beyond DFT to include the electron self-energy effects within the GW approximation to obtain a corrected quasi-particle electronic structure. Further, the Bethe-Salpeter equation was solved to obtain the absorption spectrum and to capture excitonic effects. Results were obtained using the Hyberstein-Louie ...


Exfoliation, Synthesis, And Characterization Of Nanoscale Te, Takayuki Hironaka 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Exfoliation, Synthesis, And Characterization Of Nanoscale Te, Takayuki Hironaka

Theses and Dissertations

Since the experimental discovery of graphene, two dimensional materials have enjoyed more attention and emphasis in academic research than nanowires, but the latter are an important area of study for creating 1D materials, or single atom chains, the next generation materials for advancing electronic devices. Atomically thin layers can be generated from 2D materials with weak bonds in one direction, and by applying this concept to one dimensional weakly bonded materials, we hypothesize that single atom chains with atomic-scale diameters may be produced. Tellurium (Te) and selenium (Se) have lattices consisting of spiral chains oriented along the c-axis, and each ...


Electromagnetic Wave-Matter Interactions In Complex Opto-Electronic Materials And Devices, Raj Kumar Vinnakota 2018 Louisiana Tech University

Electromagnetic Wave-Matter Interactions In Complex Opto-Electronic Materials And Devices, Raj Kumar Vinnakota

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation explores the fundamentals of light-matter interaction towards applications in the field of Opto-electronic and plasmonic devices. In its core, this dissertation attempts and succeeds in the the modeling of light-matter interactions, which is of high importance for better understanding the rich physics underlying the dynamics of electromagnetic field interactions with charged particles. Here, we have developed a self-consistent multi-physics model of electromagnetism, semiconductor physics and thermal effects which can be readily applied to the field of plasmotronics and Selective Laser Melting (SLM). Plasmotronics; a sub-field of photonics has experienced a renaissance in recent years by providing a large ...


Cementitious Sensors Exhibiting Stopbands In Acoustic Transmission Spectra, Shreya Vemuganti 2018 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque

Cementitious Sensors Exhibiting Stopbands In Acoustic Transmission Spectra, Shreya Vemuganti

Shared Knowledge Conference

Ultrasonic monitoring in cementitious materials is challenging due to the high degree of attenuation. In wellbore environments, monitoring becomes more challenging due to inaccessibility. Meta materials, also known as acoustic bandgap materials, exhibit an interesting feature of forbidding the propagation of elastic/sound waves and isolate vibration in a certain frequency band. Traditionally, acoustic bandgap materials are developed with inclusions such as tin, aluminum, gold, steel in a polymer matrix. In this study, we present the development of three-dimensional cementitious sensors capable of exhibiting stopbands in the acoustic transmission spectra using carbon nanotubes. Relatively wide stopbands were engineered using Floquet-Bloch ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress