Developing A Monte Carlo Simulation For Time- Series Analysis Of Actinium-225 Decay, 2021 Agnes Scott College

#### Developing A Monte Carlo Simulation For Time- Series Analysis Of Actinium-225 Decay, Victoria Wood

*The Journal of Advanced Undergraduate Physics Laboratory Investigations, JAUPLI-B*

This report describes the development of a script programmed in the Python language designed to simulate radioactive decay using Monte Carlo methods. This is to conduct analysis on the equilibrium behavior of a specific radioactive decay chain, replacing the traditional method of deriving a mathematical representation via differential equations. The resulting script produces a stacked histogram illustrating the decay of Actinium-225 over time and more closely models the potential for irregularities in the natural phenomenon. The script has potential applications in nuclear imaging and medical physics.

Modeling The Motion Of A Volleyball With Spin, 2021 Amherst College

#### Modeling The Motion Of A Volleyball With Spin, Julian Ricardo

*The Journal of Advanced Undergraduate Physics Laboratory Investigations, JAUPLI-B*

Though a qualitative understanding of how spin affects a ball’s trajectory can be easily developed, a quantitative one is relatively difficult to hone. Additionally, although projectile motion is an extensively covered topic in introductory physics courses, friction and drag—let alone spin—receive little to no attention. Here we use a volleyball and video modeling software to compare the behavior of a non-spinning ball with one that has topspin in order to assess the accuracy of our various models incorporating drag and the Magnus effect.

Electrical And Magnetic Properties Of High Temperature Superconductors Using Varying Forms Of Data Acquisition, 2021 Austin College

#### Electrical And Magnetic Properties Of High Temperature Superconductors Using Varying Forms Of Data Acquisition, Aryn M. Hays, Lindsay Bechtel, Colton Turbeville, Anthony Johnsen, Chris A. Tanner

*The Journal of Advanced Undergraduate Physics Laboratory Investigations, JAUPLI-B*

High temperature superconductors (HTS) are materials that display superconducting properties at temperatures above that of liquid nitrogen. Possible applications and ease of use in a typical physics laboratory make them interesting systems to study. In this experiment we measured the critical temperatures of two samples made of different HTS materials. We also devised a method that makes taking data automated.

Shape And Size Matter For Projectile Drag, 2021 Harvard University

#### Shape And Size Matter For Projectile Drag, Daniel Gordon Ang

*The Journal of Advanced Undergraduate Physics Laboratory Investigations, JAUPLI-B*

Newtonian mechanics is a fundamental building block of physics education, allowing us to characterize the motion of various objects in every day life. Here, we set out to investigate the effect of air resistance on projectile motion. We use high-speed cameras to record the flight of three different projectiles and compare this motion to a trajectory generated based on our theoretical model. We find that we are able to fit our model to the actual trajectory reasonably well, and find evidence that drag depends on the size and shape of the projectile.

Modeling A Swinging Atwood Machine, 2021 Amherst College

#### Modeling A Swinging Atwood Machine, Parker W. Moody

*The Journal of Advanced Undergraduate Physics Laboratory Investigations, JAUPLI-B*

The motion of a Swinging Atwood Machine is a difficult to solve for using Newtonian Mechanics. Lagrangian Mechanics, on the other hand, is extremely useful tool for a system that can seem overwhelmingly difficult to solve in Newtonian Mechanics. In this Lab we find the Lagrangian for this Swinging Atwood system, solve for the equation of motion, and compare our model to that of the observed motion of the system. Our model provides a good approximation of the motion, with small discrepancies due to the unknown mass of our pulley and dissipative forces.

Atomic Force Microscopy, 2021 Minnesota State University - Moorhead

#### Atomic Force Microscopy, Tyler Lane

*The Journal of Advanced Undergraduate Physics Laboratory Investigations, JAUPLI-B*

The goal of this experiment is to use the Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) to get images of selected items and determine some distances of the characteristics of each sample. The ultimate goal is to measure the length of a nanotube, but unfortunately there were none left on the slide that was supposed to contain them. From the results of the lab and the lab manual of “companies” with possible lengths for each sample, Lindaas-Lahti Industries seems to have the best fit overall.

Decay Time Of A Damped Pendulum, 2021 Minnesota State University - Moorhead

#### Decay Time Of A Damped Pendulum, Scott D. Froehle

*The Journal of Advanced Undergraduate Physics Laboratory Investigations, JAUPLI-B*

A number of labs have been conducted to find the equation for a damped pendulum. A damped pendulum's behavior will be analyzed and fit to this equation. This lab focused on tau, the decay constant. It was hypothesized that the decay constant would be greater with increasing initial angles, ultimately because of the pendulum's greater velocity. A pendulum was hung on a rotary motion sensor to detect its activity when released from different angles from the vertical. Its behavior was observed and fit to the equation for the behavior of a damped pendulum. It was found that decay time and …

Ultra-Low Frequency Waves At Middle Latitudes During Substorms: Observations And Modeling, 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

#### Ultra-Low Frequency Waves At Middle Latitudes During Substorms: Observations And Modeling, Mergen Alimaganbetov

*Doctoral Dissertations and Master's Theses*

This doctoral dissertation presents the results of investigation of the Ultra-Low Frequency (ULF) waves at middle latitudes during substorms. The dissertation consists of two major parts, observations and simulations. The research in this dissertation proposes that the main role in the generation of ULF waves at middle latitudes during substorm belongs to the plasmapause.

The first part of the dissertation presents results of the data analysis of 84 intense substorm events as well as an overview of space observation programs such as CRRES, Van Allen Probes and DMSP. Data used in this study are from the ACE satellite taken measurements …

Magnetic Field Perturbations To A Soft X-Ray-Activated Fe (Ii) Molecular Spin State Transition, 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

#### Magnetic Field Perturbations To A Soft X-Ray-Activated Fe (Ii) Molecular Spin State Transition, Guanhua Hao, Alpha T. N’Diaye, Thilini K. Ekanayaka, Ashley S. Dale, Xuanyuan Jiang, Esha Mishra, Corbyn Mellinger, Saeed Yazdani, John W. Freeland, Jian Zhang, Ruihua Cheng, Xiaoshan Xu, Peter Dowben

*Peter Dowben Publications*

The X-ray-induced spin crossover transition of an Fe (II) molecular thin film in the presence and absence of a magnetic field has been investigated. The thermal activation energy barrier in the soft X-ray activation of the spin crossover transition for [Fe{H_{2}B(pz)_{2} }_{2} (bipy)] molecular thin films is reduced in the presence of an applied magnetic field, as measured through X-ray absorption spectroscopy at various temperatures. The influence of a 1.8 T magnetic field is sufficient to cause deviations from the expected exponential spin state transition behavior which is measured in the field free case. We find …

High Speed Impact On Graphene Composites, 2021 Kennesaw State University

#### High Speed Impact On Graphene Composites, Giovanny A. Espitia

*Symposium of Student Scholars*

Since the isolation of Graphene occurred in 2004, numerous studies attempting to exploit the properties of this carbon allotrope have been conducted. Graphene exists in a 2-D manner with sp2 bonds, which provides the allotrope with great electrical, conductive, and mechanical properties. In this paper however, we will focus on the latter in order to examine the feasibility of graphene composites for bulletproof material in the military. Pure graphene sheets count with high porosity density that leads to structural defects as well as poor mechanical properties due to physical contact being sole retainer. For this reason, the selected composite is …

Photoluminescence Spectra Of Silicon Doped With Cadmium, 2021 Fergana Polytechnic Institute

#### Photoluminescence Spectra Of Silicon Doped With Cadmium, N A. Sultanov, E T. Rakhimov, Z Mirzajonov, F T. Yusupov

*Scientific-technical journal*

Cadmium and zinc, as transition metals, are deep-level impurities (DL) and have a significant effect on the electrical, photoelectric, recombination, and other properties of semiconductor crystals.This paper presents the results of experimental studies of the optical and electrical properties of silicon crystals containing impurity atoms of cadmium and zinc using DLTS and low-temperature photoluminescence (PL).

Infinite Peirce Distribution In The Algebra Of Compact Operators And Description Of Its Local Au-Tomorphisms, 2021 Andizhan State University

#### Infinite Peirce Distribution In The Algebra Of Compact Operators And Description Of Its Local Au-Tomorphisms, Farhodjon N. Arzikulov, Rejabboy Qo’Shaqov

*Scientific Bulletin. Physical and Mathematical Research*

In the present paper the infinite Peirce decomposition of the algebra 𝐾(𝐻) of com-pact operators on an infinite dimensional separable Gilbert space 𝐻 is constructed, using the norm of the algebra 𝐾(𝐻) and a maximal family of mutually or-thogonal minimal projections, i.e., self-adjoint,idempotent elements. The infinite Peirce decompo-sition on the norm of a 𝐶∗-algebra is also con-structed in 2012 by the first author. But, it turns, the condition, applied then, is not sufficient for the infi-nite Peirce decomposition on the norm constructed in 2012 to be an algebra. Therefore, in the present paper, the infinite Peirce decomposition on the norm …

Computational Modeling Of Black Phosphorus Terahertz Photoconductive Antennas Using Comsol Multiphysics With Experimental Comparison Against A Commercial Lt-Gaas Emitter, 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

#### Computational Modeling Of Black Phosphorus Terahertz Photoconductive Antennas Using Comsol Multiphysics With Experimental Comparison Against A Commercial Lt-Gaas Emitter, Jose Isaac Santos Batista

*Graduate Theses and Dissertations*

This thesis presents computational models of terahertz (THz) photoconductive antenna (PCA) emitter using COMSOL Multiphysics commercial package. A comparison of the computer simulated radiated THz signal against that of an experimentally measured signal of commercial reference LT-GaAs emitter is presented. The two-dimensional model (2D) aimed at calculating the photoconductivity of a black phosphorus (BP) PCA at two laser wavelengths of 780 nm and 1560 nm. The 2D model was applied to the BP PCA emitter and the LT-GaAs devices to compare their simulated performance in terms of the photocurrent and radiated THz signal pulse. The results showed better performance of …

Structural And Electronic Properties Of Few-Layer Monochalcogenides, 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

#### Structural And Electronic Properties Of Few-Layer Monochalcogenides, Brandon Joel Miller

*Graduate Theses and Dissertations*

This work discusses a new class of materials with novel properties that have only recently begun being studied. These materials are two-dimensional group IV-VI monochalcogenides, so named because they are formed from group IV (carbon group) and group VI (chalcogens) elements. These materials display several interesting physical properties such as ferroelasticity and ferroelectricity, and the contents within Chapters Two, Three, and Four concern a collaborative effort between theory and experiment between our group at the University of Arkansas and Dr. Kai Chang at the Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics in Halle, Germany in studying these properties. This thesis is …

Structure And Electrophysical Properties Of A Solid Solution (Gaas1-Δbiδ)1-X-Y(Ge2)X(Znse)Y, 2021 Andijan State University named after Z.M. Babur, Andijan 170100 Uzbekistan.

#### Structure And Electrophysical Properties Of A Solid Solution (Gaas1-Δbiδ)1-X-Y(Ge2)X(Znse)Y, S.Z. Zainabidinov, I.N. Karimov, Hotamjon Mansurov, Akramjon Boboev, Dilkhayotjon Pulatjon Ugli Abdurakhimov

*Scientific Bulletin. Physical and Mathematical Research*

This paper shows the possibility of growing a single-crystal solid solution of substitution (GaAs1-δBiδ)1-x-y(Ge2)x(ZnSe)y on GaAs substrates by liquid-phase epitaxy from a bismuthcontaining solution-melt. The grown films had a ptype of conductivity with a current carrier concentration of 1,86·1017 сm-3, a mobility of р = 300 cm2/V·s, and a resistivity of 0,13 Ohms·cm. Structural studies have shown that the epitaxial films have a sphalerite structure of the ZnS type and are monocrystalline with an orientation of (100). The crystal lattice parameter of the film was af = 0,56697 nm. Studies of current-voltage characteris-tics of n-GaAs – p-(GaAs1-δBiδ)1-x-y(Ge2)x(ZnSe)y heterostructures at different …

Influence Of A Strong Magnetic Field On Fermi Energy Oscillations In Two-Dimensional Semiconductor Materials, 2021 Namangan muhandislik-qurilish instituti

#### Influence Of A Strong Magnetic Field On Fermi Energy Oscillations In Two-Dimensional Semiconductor Materials, Gafur Gulyamov, Ulugbek Inayatillyevich Erkaboev, Rustam Gulomzhonovich Rakhimov, Nozimjon Sayidov Sayidov, Jasurbek Mirzaev

*Scientific Bulletin. Physical and Mathematical Research*

*This article discusses the effect of a quantizing magnetic field and temperature on Fermi energy oscillations in nanoscale semiconductor materials. A generalized mathematical expression is obtained for calculating the dependence of the Fermi energy oscillations on the magnetic field, temperature, and thickness of the quantum well. It is shown that the Fermi energy in nanoscale semiconductor materials under a quantizing magnetic field is quantized. The proposed theory explains the experimental results in two-dimensional semiconductor structures with a parabolic dispersion law.*

Determination Of The Specific Thermo Emf Of Granulated Silicon Doped With Alkaline Metals., 2021 Institute of Ion-Plasma and Laser Technologies

#### Determination Of The Specific Thermo Emf Of Granulated Silicon Doped With Alkaline Metals., B.M. Abdurakhmanov, Zarnigor Sohibova, M.M. Adilov

*Scientific Bulletin. Physical and Mathematical Research*

The value of the specific thermo EMF is one of the most important thermoelectric parameters of a material and in practice is estimat-ed mainly by two well-known methods - integral and differential. To measure the thermo EMF of granular silicon, we used a differential method. In this work, the thermoelectric properties of granular silicon containing alkali metal atoms have been studied, the presence of which, for example, in single-crystal structures makes it possible to improve the characteristics of a number of devices, and in polycrystalline ones, the effect of grain boundaries on the electrical properties, in particular, to reduce the …

The State Of Solar Energy In Uzbekistan In The Framework Of The Devel-Opment Of Renewable Energy Sources, 2021 Tashkent University of Information Technologies

#### The State Of Solar Energy In Uzbekistan In The Framework Of The Devel-Opment Of Renewable Energy Sources, E.Z. Imamov, Ramizulla Abdullaevich Muminov, Temur Asfandiyarovich Djalalov, I.Sh. Abdullaeva

*Scientific Bulletin. Physical and Mathematical Research*

The paper analyzes the possibilities of renewable energy sources to become the main sources of ener-gy that can in the future replace traditional technologies for the production of thermal and electrical energy based on the use of fossil fuels and nuclear energy.

Technological approaches are considered that make it possible to significantly increase the efficiency of solar energy, and it is also shown that such a possibility can be realized by using weakly crystalline and cheap modifications of silicon, which have previously passed the corresponding nanotechnological effect.

Development And Implementation Of A Photovoltaic Power Plant With A Capacity Of 3-6 Kw With “Smart Greed” Elements In The Conditions Of The Fergana Valley, 2021 Ministry of Higher and Secondary Specialized Education of the Republic of Uzbekistan

#### Development And Implementation Of A Photovoltaic Power Plant With A Capacity Of 3-6 Kw With “Smart Greed” Elements In The Conditions Of The Fergana Valley, Райимжон Алиев, Жамшидбек Каххоров, Авазбек Мирзаалимов, Наврузбек Мирзаалимов, Бобур Рашидов

*Scientific Bulletin. Physical and Mathematical Research*

Today, solar cells are manufactured at the industrial level mainly from polycrystalline and monocrystalline silicon. Solar elements made of silicon make up more than 90% of the solar elements that are produced worldwide. Depending on the seasons of the year in the Ferghana Valley, the movement of the Sun, geographical location, air humidity, temperature changes, the intensity of light falling on the surface of solar panels and other parameters, the characteristic (I-V) of solar panels was studied. The installation of solar panels installed at Andijan State University consists of the installation, commissioning and analysis of the results obtained on sunny, …

Properties And Applications Of Metal-Oxide Thin Films In Converters Of En-Ergy (Review), 2021 Andijan State University, Andijan, Uzbekistan

#### Properties And Applications Of Metal-Oxide Thin Films In Converters Of En-Ergy (Review), Shakhriyor Kh. Yulchiev, Akramjon Boboev, Xushruybek Mahmudov

*Scientific Bulletin. Physical and Mathematical Research*

Metal-oxide semiconductors (SnO2, ZnO, TiO2, etc.) have a wide band gap (~3 eV) and are trans-parent in the visible range of the optical spectrum. Therefore, transparent semiconductor devices (diodes, transistors, integrated circuits, etc.) can be made based on them. There are two peaks in the emission spectrum of the LED. One of the peaks (3.3 eV), apparently, is as-sociated with exciton recombination, and the other peak is associated with recombination through a deep impuri-ty level. The emission spectrum of the LED was ob-served at a direct current of 40 mA. The electrolumines-cence spectrum obtained on the heterostructure at room temperature …