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Single Pair Of Weyl Fermions In The Half-Metallic Semimetal Eucd2as2, Lin-Lin Wang, Na Hyun Jo, Brinda Kuthanazhi, Yun Wu, Robert J. McQueeney, Adam Kaminski, Paul C. Canfield 2019 Ames Laboratory

Single Pair Of Weyl Fermions In The Half-Metallic Semimetal Eucd2as2, Lin-Lin Wang, Na Hyun Jo, Brinda Kuthanazhi, Yun Wu, Robert J. Mcqueeney, Adam Kaminski, Paul C. Canfield

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Materials with the ideal case of a single pair of Weyl points (WPs) are highly desirable for elucidating the unique properties of Weyl fermions. EuC d 2 A s 2 is an antiferromagnetic topological insulator or Dirac semimetal depending on the different magnetic configurations. Using first-principles band-structure calculations, we show that inducing ferromagnetism in EuC d 2 A s 2 can generate a single pair of WPs from splitting the single pair of antiferromagnetic Dirac points due to its half-metallic nature. Analysis with a low-energy effective Hamiltonian shows that a single pair of WPs is obtained in EuC d 2 ...


Pressure-Temperature Phase Diagram Of The Eurbfe4as4 Superconductor, Li Xiang, Sergey L. Bud’ko, Jin-Ke Bao, Duck Young Chung, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis, Paul C. Canfield 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Pressure-Temperature Phase Diagram Of The Eurbfe4as4 Superconductor, Li Xiang, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Jin-Ke Bao, Duck Young Chung, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis, Paul C. Canfield

Paul C. Canfield

The pressure dependencies of the magnetic and superconducting transitions, as well as that of the superconducting upper critical field, are reported for single crystalline EuRbFe 4 As 4 . Resistance measurements were performed under hydrostatic pressures up to 6.21 GPa and in magnetic fields up to 9 T. Zero-field-cooled magnetization measurements were performed under hydrostatic pressures up to 1.24 GPa under 20 mT applied field. Superconducting transition temperature, T c , up to 6.21 GPa and magnetic transition temperature, T M , up to 1.24 GPa were obtained and a pressure-temperature phase diagram was constructed. Our results show that ...


Two-Dimensional Ordering And Collective Magnetic Excitations In The Dilute Ferromagnetic Topological Insulator (Bi0.95 Mn0.05)2 Te3, David Vaknin, Daniel M. Pajerowski, Deborah L. Schlagel, Kevin W. Dennis, Robert McQueeney 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Two-Dimensional Ordering And Collective Magnetic Excitations In The Dilute Ferromagnetic Topological Insulator (Bi0.95 Mn0.05)2 Te3, David Vaknin, Daniel M. Pajerowski, Deborah L. Schlagel, Kevin W. Dennis, Robert Mcqueeney

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Employing elastic and inelastic neutron scattering (INS) techniques, we report on the microscopic properties of the ferromagnetism in the dilute magnetic topological insulator (Bi0.95Mn0.05)2 Te3. Neutron diffraction of polycrystalline samples shows the ferromagnetic (FM) ordering is long range within the basal plane, and mainly two dimensional (2D) in character with short-range correlations between layers below T C ≈ 13 K. Remarkably, we observe gapped and collective magnetic excitations in this dilute magnetic system. The excitations appear typical of quasi-2D FM systems despite the severe broadening of short-wavelength magnons which is expected from the random spatial distribution of Mn ...


Measuring The Lower Critical Field Of Superconductors Using Nitrogen-Vacancy Centers In Diamond Optical Magnetometry, Kamal R. Joshi, Naufer M. Nusran, Makariy A. Tanatar, Kyuil Cho, W. R. Meier, Sergey L. Bud’ko, Paul C. Canfield, Ruslan Prozorov 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Measuring The Lower Critical Field Of Superconductors Using Nitrogen-Vacancy Centers In Diamond Optical Magnetometry, Kamal R. Joshi, Naufer M. Nusran, Makariy A. Tanatar, Kyuil Cho, W. R. Meier, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield, Ruslan Prozorov

Paul C. Canfield

The lower critical magnetic field, H-c1, of superconductors is measured by optical magnetometry using ensembles of nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond. The technique is minimally invasive and allows accurate detection of the vector magnetic field with subgauss sensitivity and submicrometer spatial resolution. These capabilities are used for detailed characterization of the first vortex penetration into superconducting samples from the corners. Aided by the revised calculations of the effective demagnetization factors of actual cuboid-shaped samples, these measurements provide precise determination of H-c1 and the related absolute value of the London penetration depth, lambda. We apply this method to three well-studied superconductors: optimally ...


Nonequilibrium Pair Breaking In Ba(Fe1-Xcox)(2)As-2 Superconductors: Evidence For Formation Of A Photoinduced Excitonic State, Xu Yang, Liang Luo, M. Mootz, Aaron Patz, Sergey L. Bud’ko, Paul C. Canfield, I. E. Perakis, Jigang Wang 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Nonequilibrium Pair Breaking In Ba(Fe1-Xcox)(2)As-2 Superconductors: Evidence For Formation Of A Photoinduced Excitonic State, Xu Yang, Liang Luo, M. Mootz, Aaron Patz, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield, I. E. Perakis, Jigang Wang

Paul C. Canfield

Ultrafast terahertz (THz) pump-probe spectroscopy reveals an unusual out-of-equilibrium Cooper pair nonlinear dynamics and a nonequilibrium state driven by femtosecond (fs) photoexcitation of superconductivity (SC) in iron pnictides. Following fast SC quench via hot-phonon scattering, a second, abnormally slow (many hundreds of picoseconds), SC quench regime is observed prior to any recovery. Importantly, a nonlinear pump fluence dependence is identified for this remarkably long prebottleneck dynamics that are sensitive to both doping and temperature. Using quantum kinetic modeling we argue that the buildup of excitonic interpocket correlation between electron-hole ( e − h ) quasiparticles (QP) quenches SC after fs photoexcitation leading to ...


Magnetic-Field Effects On The Fragile Antiferromagnetism In Ybbipt, Benjamin G. Ueland, Andreas Kreyssig, E. D. Mun, J. W. Lynn, L. W. Harriger, D. K. Pratt, K. Prokeš, Z. Hüsges, R. Toft-Petersen, S. Sauerbrei, Scott M. Saunders, Yuji Furukawa, Sergey L. Bud’ko, Robert J. McQueeney, Paul C. Canfield, Alan I. Goldman 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Magnetic-Field Effects On The Fragile Antiferromagnetism In Ybbipt, Benjamin G. Ueland, Andreas Kreyssig, E. D. Mun, J. W. Lynn, L. W. Harriger, D. K. Pratt, K. Prokeš, Z. Hüsges, R. Toft-Petersen, S. Sauerbrei, Scott M. Saunders, Yuji Furukawa, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Robert J. Mcqueeney, Paul C. Canfield, Alan I. Goldman

Paul C. Canfield

We present neutron-diffraction data for the cubic-heavy-fermion YbBiPt that show broad magnetic diffraction peaks due to the fragile short-range antiferromagnetic (AFM) order persist under an applied magnetic-field H. Our results for H perpendicular to[(1) over bar 1 0] and a temperature of T = 0.14(1) K show that the (1/2,1/2,3/2) magnetic diffraction peak can be described by the same two-peak line shape found for mu H-0 = 0T below the Neel temperature of T-N = 0.4 K. Both components of the peak exist for mu H-0 less than or similar to 1.4 T ...


Magnetic Fluctuations In The Itinerant Ferromagnet Lacrge3 Studied By 139la Nmr, K. Rana, H. Kotegawa, R. R. Ullah, J. S. Harvey, Sergey L. Bud’ko, Paul C. Canfield, H. Tou, V. Taufour, Yuji Furukawa 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Magnetic Fluctuations In The Itinerant Ferromagnet Lacrge3 Studied By 139la Nmr, K. Rana, H. Kotegawa, R. R. Ullah, J. S. Harvey, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield, H. Tou, V. Taufour, Yuji Furukawa

Paul C. Canfield

LaCrGe3 is an itinerant ferromagnet with a Curie temperature of T C = 85 K and exhibits an avoided ferromagnetic quantum critical point under pressure through a modulated antiferromagnetic phase as well as tricritical wing structure in its temperature-pressure-magnetic field ( T – p – H) phase diagram. In order to understand the static and dynamical magnetic properties of LaCrGe3 , we carried out 139 La nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements. Based on the analysis of NMR data, using the self-consistent-renormalization (SCR) theory, the spin fluctuations in the paramagnetic state are revealed to be isotropic ferromagnetic and three dimensional (3D) in nature. Furthermore, the system ...


Ultrahigh Elastically Compressible And Strain-Engineerable Intermetallic Compounds Under Uniaxial Mechanical Loading, Gyuho Song, Vladislav Borisov, William Meier, Mingyu Xu, Keith J. Dusoe, John T. Sypek, Roser Valentí, Paul C. Canfield, Seok-Woo Lee 2019 University of Connecticut

Ultrahigh Elastically Compressible And Strain-Engineerable Intermetallic Compounds Under Uniaxial Mechanical Loading, Gyuho Song, Vladislav Borisov, William Meier, Mingyu Xu, Keith J. Dusoe, John T. Sypek, Roser Valentí, Paul C. Canfield, Seok-Woo Lee

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Intermetallic compounds possess unique atomic arrangements that often lead to exceptional material properties, but their extreme brittleness usually causes fracture at a limited strain of less than 1% and prevents their practical use. Therefore, it is critical for them to exhibit either plasticity or some form of structural transition to absorb and release a sufficient amount of mechanical energy before failure occurs. This study reports that the ThCr2Si2-structured intermetallic compound (CaFe2As2) and a hybrid of its structure (CaKFe4As4) with 2 µm in diameter and 6 µm in height can exhibit superelasticity with strain up to 17% through a reversible, deformation-induced ...


Nematicity In The Superconducting Mixed State Of Strain Detwinned Underdoped Ba(Fe1-Xcox)(2)As-2, J. Schmidt, V. Bekeris, G. S. Lozano, M. V. Bortulé, M. Marziali Bermúdez, C. W. Hicks, Paul C. Canfield, E. Fradkin, G. Pasquini 2019 Universidad de Buenos Aires

Nematicity In The Superconducting Mixed State Of Strain Detwinned Underdoped Ba(Fe1-Xcox)(2)As-2, J. Schmidt, V. Bekeris, G. S. Lozano, M. V. Bortulé, M. Marziali Bermúdez, C. W. Hicks, Paul C. Canfield, E. Fradkin, G. Pasquini

Paul C. Canfield

Evidence of nematic effects in the mixed superconducting phase of slightly underdoped Ba(Fe1−xCox)2As2 is reported. We have found strong in-plane resistivity anisotropy for crystals in different strain conditions. For these compositions, there is no magnetic long-range order, so the description may be ascribed to the interplay between the superconducting and nematic order parameters. A piezoelectric-based apparatus is used to apply tensile or compressive strain to tune nematic domain orientation in order to examine intrinsic nematicity. Measurements are done under a rotating magnetic field, and the analysis of the angular dependence of physical quantities identifies the cases in ...


Revealing The Nature Of Antiferroquadrupolar Ordering In Cerium Hexaboride: Ceb6, C. K. Barman, Prashant Singh, Duane Johnson, Aftab Alam 2019 Indian Institute of Technology

Revealing The Nature Of Antiferroquadrupolar Ordering In Cerium Hexaboride: Ceb6, C. K. Barman, Prashant Singh, Duane Johnson, Aftab Alam

Duane D. Johnson

The cerium hexaboride (CeB6) f-electron compound displays a rich array of low-temperature magnetic phenomena, including a “magnetically hidden” order, identified as multipolar in origin via advanced x-ray scattering. From first-principles electronic-structure results, we find that the antiferroquadrupolar(AFQ) ordering in CeB6 arises from crystal-field splitting and yields a band structure in agreement with experiments. With interactions of p electrons between Ce and B6 being small, the electronic state of CeB6 is suitably described as Ce(4f1)3+(e−)(B6)2−. The AFQ state of orbital spins is caused by an exchange interaction induced through spin-orbit interaction, which also splits the ...


Quadratic To Linear Magnetoresistance Tuning In Tmb4, Sreemanta Mitra, Jeremy Goh Swee Kang, John Shin, Jin Quan Ng, Sai Swaroop Sunku, Tai Kong, Paul C. Canfield, B. Sriram Shastry, Pinaki Sengupta, Christos Panagopoulos 2019 Nanyang Technological University

Quadratic To Linear Magnetoresistance Tuning In Tmb4, Sreemanta Mitra, Jeremy Goh Swee Kang, John Shin, Jin Quan Ng, Sai Swaroop Sunku, Tai Kong, Paul C. Canfield, B. Sriram Shastry, Pinaki Sengupta, Christos Panagopoulos

Paul C. Canfield

The change of a material's electrical resistance (R) in response to an external magnetic field (B) provides subtle information for the characterization of its electronic properties and has found applications in sensor and storage related technologies. In good metals, Boltzmann's theory predicts a quadratic growth in magnetoresistance (MR) at low B and saturation at high fields. On the other hand, a number of nonmagnetic materials with weak electronic correlation and low carrier concentration for metallicity, such as inhomogeneous conductors, semimetals, narrow gap semiconductors and topological insulators, and two dimensional electron gas, show positive, nonsaturating linear magnetoresistance (LMR). However ...


Competition Between Orthorhombic And Re-Entrant Tetragonal Phases In Underdoped Ba1-Xkxfe2as2 Probed By The Response To Controlled Disorder, Erik I. Timmons, Makariy A. Tanatar, K. Willa, S. Teknowijoyo, Kyuil Cho, M. Konczykowski, O. Cavani, Yong Liu, Thomas A. Lograsso, U. Welp, Ruslan Prozorov 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Competition Between Orthorhombic And Re-Entrant Tetragonal Phases In Underdoped Ba1-Xkxfe2as2 Probed By The Response To Controlled Disorder, Erik I. Timmons, Makariy A. Tanatar, K. Willa, S. Teknowijoyo, Kyuil Cho, M. Konczykowski, O. Cavani, Yong Liu, Thomas A. Lograsso, U. Welp, Ruslan Prozorov

Thomas A. Lograsso

Low-temperature (22 K) irradiation with 2.5-MeV electrons, creating point defects affecting elastic scattering, was used to study the competition between stripe C-2 and tetragonal C-4 antiferromagnetic phases which exist in a narrow doping range around x = 0.25 in hole-doped Ba1-xKxFe2As2. In nearby compositions outside of this range, at x = 0.22 and x = 0.19, the temperatures of both the concomitant orthorhombic/stripe antiferromagnetic transition T-C2 and the superconducting transition T-c are monotonically suppressed by added disorder at similar rates of about 0.1 K/mu Omega cm, as revealed through using resistivity variation as an intrinsic measure ...


Reshaping And Sintering Of 3d Fcc Metal Nanoclusters: Stochastic Atomistic Modeling With Realistic Surface Diffusion Kinetics, King C. Lai, James W. Evans 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Reshaping And Sintering Of 3d Fcc Metal Nanoclusters: Stochastic Atomistic Modeling With Realistic Surface Diffusion Kinetics, King C. Lai, James W. Evans

James W. Evans

Far-from-equilibrium evolution of metallic nanocluster shapes is highly sensitive to the atomistic-level details of surface diffusion for diverse local surface configurations. A stochastic model was developed incorporating realistic values for the multiple diffusion barriers (contrasting previous unrealistic generic prescriptions) based upon insights from homoepitaxial film growth. Kinetic Monte Carlo simulation then elucidates the conversion of Ag nanocubes to Wulff polyhedra mediated by nucleation of new {100}facets, the pinch-off of sufficiently elongated Ag nanorods, and key aspects of sintering for orientationally aligned Ag and Au nanoclusters. The time scale for sintering of Au nanoclusters observed in high-resolution transmission electron microscopy ...


Topological States In A15 Superconductors, Minsung Kim, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Topological States In A15 Superconductors, Minsung Kim, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Superconductors with the A15 structure are prototypical type-II s-wave superconductors which have generated considerable interest in early superconducting material history. However, the topological nature of the electronic structure remains unnoticed so far. Here, using first-principles band structure calculations based on density-functional theory, we show that the A15 superconductors (Ta3Sb, Ta3Sn, and Ta3Pb) have nontrivial band topology in the bulk electronic band structures, leading to the formation of topological surface states near the Fermi energy. Due to the bulk superconductivity, the proximity effect in the topological surface states would induce topological superconductivity even without heterostructure of a topological insulator and an ...


Magnetic Fluctuations In The Itinerant Ferromagnet Lacrge3 Studied By 139la Nmr, K. Rana, H. Kotegawa, R. R. Ullah, J. S. Harvey, Sergey L. Bud’ko, Paul C. Canfield, H. Tou, V. Taufour, Yuji Furukawa 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Magnetic Fluctuations In The Itinerant Ferromagnet Lacrge3 Studied By 139la Nmr, K. Rana, H. Kotegawa, R. R. Ullah, J. S. Harvey, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield, H. Tou, V. Taufour, Yuji Furukawa

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

LaCrGe3 is an itinerant ferromagnet with a Curie temperature of T C = 85 K and exhibits an avoided ferromagnetic quantum critical point under pressure through a modulated antiferromagnetic phase as well as tricritical wing structure in its temperature-pressure-magnetic field ( T – p – H) phase diagram. In order to understand the static and dynamical magnetic properties of LaCrGe3 , we carried out 139 La nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements. Based on the analysis of NMR data, using the self-consistent-renormalization (SCR) theory, the spin fluctuations in the paramagnetic state are revealed to be isotropic ferromagnetic and three dimensional (3D) in nature. Furthermore, the system ...


Crystal Growth And Magnetic Structure Of Mnbi2 Te 4, J.-Q. Yan, Q. Zhang, T. Heitmann, Zengle Huang, K. Y. Chen, J.-G. Cheng, Weida Wu, David Vaknin, B. C. Sales, Robert J. McQueeney 2019 Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Crystal Growth And Magnetic Structure Of Mnbi2 Te 4, J.-Q. Yan, Q. Zhang, T. Heitmann, Zengle Huang, K. Y. Chen, J.-G. Cheng, Weida Wu, David Vaknin, B. C. Sales, Robert J. Mcqueeney

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Millimeter-sized MnBi2Te4 single crystals are grown out of a Bi-Te flux and characterized using magnetic, transport, scanning tunneling microscopy, and spectroscopy measurements. The magnetic structure of MnBi2Te4 below TN is determined by powder and single-crystal neutron diffraction measurements. Below TN = 24 K, Mn2+ moments order ferromagnetically in the ab plane but antiferromagnetically along the crystallographic c axis. The ordered moment is 4.04(13)μB/Mn at 10 K and aligned along the crystallographic c axis in an A-type antiferromagnetic order. Below TN, the electrical resistivity drops upon cooling or when going across the metamagnetic transition in increasing magnetic fields ...


Voltage Controlled Magnetism In Cr2o3 Based All-Thin-Film Systems, Junlei Wang, Will Echtenkamp, Ather Mahmood, Christian Binek 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Voltage Controlled Magnetism In Cr2o3 Based All-Thin-Film Systems, Junlei Wang, Will Echtenkamp, Ather Mahmood, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

Voltage-control of exchange biases through active selection of distinct domain states of the magnetoelectric and antiferromagnetic pinning layer is demonstrated for Cr2O3/CoPd heterostructures. Progress and obstacles towards an isothermal switching of exchange bias are discussed. An alternative approach avoiding exchange bias for voltage-controlled memory exploits boundary magnetization at the surface of Cr2O3 as voltage-controlled state variable. We demonstrate readout and switching of boundary magnetization in ultra-thin Cr2O3/Pt Hall bar devices where reversal of boundary magnetization is achieved via magnetoelectric annealing with simultaneously applied ±0.5 V and 400 mT electric and magnetic fields.


Flexoelectricity In Solids Progress, Challenges, And Perspectives, Bo Wang, Yijia Gu, Shujun Zhang, Long-Qing Chen 2019 pennsylvania state university

Flexoelectricity In Solids Progress, Challenges, And Perspectives, Bo Wang, Yijia Gu, Shujun Zhang, Long-Qing Chen

Yijia Gu

The flexoelectricity describes the contribution of the linear couplings between the electric po- larization and strain gradient and between polarization gradient and strain to the thermo- dynamics of a solid and represents the amount of polarization change of a solid arising from a strain gradient. Although the magnitude of the flexoelectric effect is generally small, its con- tribution to the overall thermodynamics of a solid may become significant or even dominant at the nanometer scale. Recent experimental and computational efforts have led to significant ad- vances in our understanding of the flexoelectric effect and its exploration of potential applica- tions ...


Magnetic-Field Effects On The Fragile Antiferromagnetism In Ybbipt, Benjamin G. Ueland, Andreas Kreyssig, E. D. Mun, J. W. Lynn, L. W. Harriger, D. K. Pratt, K. Prokeš, Z. Hüsges, R. Toft-Petersen, S. Sauerbrei, Scott M. Saunders, Yuji Furukawa, Sergey L. Bud’ko, Robert J. McQueeney, Paul C. Canfield, Alan I. Goldman 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Magnetic-Field Effects On The Fragile Antiferromagnetism In Ybbipt, Benjamin G. Ueland, Andreas Kreyssig, E. D. Mun, J. W. Lynn, L. W. Harriger, D. K. Pratt, K. Prokeš, Z. Hüsges, R. Toft-Petersen, S. Sauerbrei, Scott M. Saunders, Yuji Furukawa, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Robert J. Mcqueeney, Paul C. Canfield, Alan I. Goldman

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

We present neutron-diffraction data for the cubic-heavy-fermion YbBiPt that show broad magnetic diffraction peaks due to the fragile short-range antiferromagnetic (AFM) order persist under an applied magnetic-field H. Our results for H perpendicular to[(1) over bar 1 0] and a temperature of T = 0.14(1) K show that the (1/2,1/2,3/2) magnetic diffraction peak can be described by the same two-peak line shape found for mu H-0 = 0T below the Neel temperature of T-N = 0.4 K. Both components of the peak exist for mu H-0 less than or similar to 1.4 T ...


Magnetization Dynamics In Coupled Thin Film Systems, Daniel J. Adams 2019 University of New Orleans

Magnetization Dynamics In Coupled Thin Film Systems, Daniel J. Adams

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

A study is presented detailing experimental investigations of magnetization dynamics in nanostructured systems which are coupled magnetically. This work seeks to characterize the anisotropy of such systems through experimental techniques which probe microwave resonant absorption in the materials.

A custom-built experimental setup, designed and assembled in our labs, is explained in detail. This setup allows for angular-dependent ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) measurements in the sample plane through vector network analyzer spectroscopy and is adaptable to two different types of coplanar waveguides. This technique has proven effective for characterization of multiple types of magnetic systems, including multilayered structures as detailed here, with ...


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