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2,866 full-text articles. Page 6 of 89.

Space-Charge Limited Conduction In Epitaxial Chromia Films Grown On Elemental And Oxide-Based Metallic Substrates, C.-P. Kwan, Mike Street, Ather Mahmood, Will Echtenkamp, M. Randle, K. He, J. Nathawat, N. Arabchigavkani, B. Barut, S. Yin, R. Dixit, Uttam Singisetti, Christian Binek, J. P. Bird 2019 SUNY University at Buffalo

Space-Charge Limited Conduction In Epitaxial Chromia Films Grown On Elemental And Oxide-Based Metallic Substrates, C.-P. Kwan, Mike Street, Ather Mahmood, Will Echtenkamp, M. Randle, K. He, J. Nathawat, N. Arabchigavkani, B. Barut, S. Yin, R. Dixit, Uttam Singisetti, Christian Binek, J. P. Bird

Christian Binek Publications

We study temperature dependent (200 – 400 K) dielectric current leakage in high-quality, epitaxial chromia films, synthesized on various conductive substrates (Pd, Pt and V2O3). We find that trap-assisted space-charge limited conduction is the dominant source of electrical leakage in the films, and that the density and distribution of charge traps within them is strongly dependent upon the choice of the underlying substrate. Pd-based chromia is found to exhibit leakage consistent with the presence of deep, discrete traps, a characteristic that is related to the known properties of twinning defects in the material. The Pt- and V2O3-based films, in contrast, show ...


Nonlinear Optical Studies Of Bulk And Thin Film Complex Materials, Joel E. Taylor 2019 Louisiana State University

Nonlinear Optical Studies Of Bulk And Thin Film Complex Materials, Joel E. Taylor

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Nonlinear optical studies of bulk and thin film materials provide a vast playground for physical and dynamical characterization. In this thesis, we have implemented experimental methods to probe novel phase transitions in single crystals using rotational anisotropic second harmonic generation (RASHG) and carrier dynamics in thin films with time-resolved pump-probe reflectivity. Furthermore, a novel low temperature ultra-high vacuum system coupled to nonlinear optics has been developed to extend lab capabilities. Doping (Bi1-xSbx)2Se3 with antimony, the surface electronic reconstruction near x=80% was identified with RASHG by deviations in the six-fold and three-fold polarization anisotropic ...


Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Characterization Of Dynamics In Novel Electrochemical Materials, Christopher T. Mallia 2019 CUNY Hunter College

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Characterization Of Dynamics In Novel Electrochemical Materials, Christopher T. Mallia

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

As our daily use of electronics and electronic technology grows, so does the societal need for sustainable, renewable and portable electrical power. To this end, materials of interest in the electrochemical world are needed to advance the frontier of battery science and energy storage technologies so that a safer, more efficient and reliable electrical future can be realized. This work focuses on characterization of materials primarily of interest for use as electrolytes in rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries (LIBs). Despite their extraordinary power, LIB application in certain fields, such as in electric vehicles, has been limited due to performance and safety concerns ...


Electronic Transport Behavior Of Adatom- And Nanoparticle-Decorated Graphene, Jamie Anne Elias 2019 Washington University in St. Louis

Electronic Transport Behavior Of Adatom- And Nanoparticle-Decorated Graphene, Jamie Anne Elias

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

To induce a non-negligible spin-orbit coupling in monolayer graphene, for the purposes of realizing the Kane-Mele Hamiltonian, transition metal adatoms have been deposited in dilute amounts by thermal evaporation in situ while holding the device temperature near 4K. Electronic transport studies including measurements such as gate voltage dependent conductivity and mobility, weak localization, high field magnetoresistance (Shubnikov de Haas oscillations), quantum Hall, and nonlocal voltage were performed at low temperature before and after sequential evaporations. Studies of tungsten adatoms are consistent with literature regarding other metal adatoms on graphene but were unsuccessful in producing a spin-orbit signature, at least partially ...


High Resolution Validation Of Next Generation Turbulent Flow Models Using Neutron Beams, Laser Fluorescence, And Cryogenic Helium, Landen G Mcdonald 2019 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

High Resolution Validation Of Next Generation Turbulent Flow Models Using Neutron Beams, Laser Fluorescence, And Cryogenic Helium, Landen G Mcdonald

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Turbulent fluid flow is an incredibly unpredictable subject that continues to confound scientists and engineers. All of the empirical data that has been the basis of conventional turbulent computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models for decades only extends to roughly the equivalent turbulence created when Michael Phelps swims in a pool. The problem is that this data is then extrapolated out many orders of magnitude in order to design cruise ships, airplanes, and rockets which operate in significantly more turbulent flow regimes. This creates an incredible degree of uncertainty in the design process that demands over-engineering and increased expenditures.

The development ...


2d Materials Based Heterostructures : A Lithography Free Method., Adel Alruqi 2019 University of Louisville

2d Materials Based Heterostructures : A Lithography Free Method., Adel Alruqi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Many properties of Two-dimensional (2D) materials are vastly different from those of their 3D counterparts. A large family of 2D materials ranging from gapless graphene to metallic NbSe2 (also superconducting), semiconducting MoS2, and insulating hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) possessing a broad range of exciting new properties have emerged in recent years. Moreover, 2D materials provide the perfect platform to create laterally and vertically stacked heterostructures with intriguing properties. The physics of 2D materials based heterostructures is extremely interesting and novel 2D-heterostructured devices including tunneling diodes, tunneling transistors, photovoltaic cells, and light-emitting diodes have started to emerge. In this work, we ...


Lithium Molybdate-Sulfur Battery., Ruchira Ravinath Dharmasena 2019 University of Louisville

Lithium Molybdate-Sulfur Battery., Ruchira Ravinath Dharmasena

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Rechargeable energy storage systems play a vital role in today’s automobile industry with the emergence of electric vehicles (EVs). In order to meet the targets set by the department of energy (DOE), there is an immediate need of new battery chemistries with higher energy density than the current Li- ion technology. Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries have attracted enormous attention in the energy-storage, due to their high specific energy density of 2600 Wh kg-1 and operational voltage of 2.0 V. Despite the promising electrochemical characteristics, Li-S batteries suffer from serious technical challenges such as dissolution of polysulfides ...


Exploring The Electrical Properties Of Twisted Bilayer Graphene, William Shannon 2019 Linfield College

Exploring The Electrical Properties Of Twisted Bilayer Graphene, William Shannon

Senior Theses

Two-dimensional materials exhibit properties unlike anything else seen in conventional substances. Electrons in these materials are confined to move only in the plane. In order to explore the effects of these materials, we have built apparatus and refined procedures with which to create two-dimensional structures. Two-dimensional devices have been made using exfoliated graphene and placed on gold contacts. Their topography has been observed using Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) confirming samples with monolayer, bilayer, and twisted bilayer structure. Relative work functions of each have been measured using Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy (KPFM) showing that twisted bilayer graphene has a surface potential ...


Chiral Transport In Anisotropic Materials, Jacopo Gliozzi 2019 William & Mary

Chiral Transport In Anisotropic Materials, Jacopo Gliozzi

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Chiral materials are a class of systems in which the momentum of quasiparticles is coupled to a pseudospin degree of freedom, thus affecting their transport properties. In particular, such materials can exhibit Klein tunneling, in which chiral particles tunnel through a potential barrier with probability one due to a suppression of backscattering. In chiral materials with an anisotropic band structure, this tunneling depends nontrivially on the interplay between chirality and the direction of dispersion.

We discuss the consequences of transport in a minimal chiral anisotropic model, highlighting the role of the pseudospin in scattering through a Klein barrier. We implement ...


Topological Insulating States In Photonics And Acoustics, Xiang Ni 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Topological Insulating States In Photonics And Acoustics, Xiang Ni

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Recent surge of interest in topological insulators, insulating in their interior but conducting at the surfaces or interfaces of different domains, has led to the discovery of a variety of new topological states, and their topological invariants are characterized by numerous approaches in the category of topological band theory. The common features shared by topological insulators include, the topological phase transition occurs if the bulk bandgap is formed due to the symmetries reduction, the topological invariants exist characterizing the global properties of the material and inherently robust to disorder and continuous perturbations irrespective of the local details. Most importantly, these ...


Equation Of State Of H2o Ice Using Melt-Recrystallization, Zachary Michael Grande 2019 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Equation Of State Of H2o Ice Using Melt-Recrystallization, Zachary Michael Grande

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The recent surge in exoplanet discoveries due to advancements in astrophysical technology and analysis has brought the reliability of early equation of state measurements into question as they are the limiting factor when modeling composition of these planets. H2O content is among the most important for the search of habitable planets as well as in understanding planetary dynamics and atmosphere formation. Over the last three decades the equation of state of H2O has been investigated with various techniques but, has suffered from anisotropic strain and poor powder statistics resulting in a large discrepancy in equation of state fits. At pressures ...


High-Pressure High-Temperature Exploration Of Phase Boundaries Using Raman Spectroscopy, Jasmine Kashmir Hinton 2019 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

High-Pressure High-Temperature Exploration Of Phase Boundaries Using Raman Spectroscopy, Jasmine Kashmir Hinton

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Metastability of states can provide interesting properties that may not be readily accessible in a material’s ground state. Many materials show high levels of polymorphism, indicating a rich energy landscape and a potential for metastable states. Melt crystallization techniques provide a potential route to these states. We use a resistively heated diamond anvil cell (DAC) with fine control of a system’s pressure and temperature to explore these systems. Raman spectroscopy is used to track subtle structural changes across phase boundaries. Organic systems, such as glycine and aspirin, were our initial interest due to their high polymorphism and reported ...


Specific Heat, Magnetic Susceptibility, And The Effect Of Pressure On Structural Properties And Valence Of Eumn2si2, Euco2si2, And Eu5in2sb6, Brian Edward Light 2019 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Specific Heat, Magnetic Susceptibility, And The Effect Of Pressure On Structural Properties And Valence Of Eumn2si2, Euco2si2, And Eu5in2sb6, Brian Edward Light

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Many intermetallic solids containing elements from the rare earth series show interesting and unusual behavior associated with 4f electrons. This behavior includes unusual magnetic order, strongly correlated electrons, intermediate valence, heavy fermions, the Kondo effect, superconductivity, and non-Fermi liquid (NFL) to name a few. When long range magnetic order is suppressed to T = 0 K by the application of an external tuning parameter such as pressure, magnetic field, or chemical doping, a quantum critical point (QCP) appears in which strong quantum fluctuations give rise to many of the mentioned unusual properties.

Most of the past studies on unusual 4f materials ...


Implementing A Self-Corrected Chemical Potential Scheme In Determinant Quantum Monte Carlo Simulations, Kevin Gordon Kleiner 2019 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Implementing A Self-Corrected Chemical Potential Scheme In Determinant Quantum Monte Carlo Simulations, Kevin Gordon Kleiner

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Anomalous Hall Conductivity Of Noncollinear Magnetic Antiperovskites, Gautam Gurung, Ding-Fu Shao, Tula R. Paudel, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Anomalous Hall Conductivity Of Noncollinear Magnetic Antiperovskites, Gautam Gurung, Ding-Fu Shao, Tula R. Paudel, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

The anomalous Hall effect (AHE) is a well-known fundamental property of ferromagnetic metals, commonly associated with the presence of a net magnetization. Recently, an AHE has been discovered in noncollinear antiferromagnetic (AFM) metals. Driven by nonvanishing Berry curvature of AFM materials with certain magnetic space-group symmetry, anomalous Hall conductivity (AHC) is very sensitive to the specific type of magnetic ordering. Here, we investigate the appearance of AHC in antiperovskite materials family ANMn3 (A = Ga, Sn, Ni), where different types of noncollinear magnetic ordering can emerge. Using symmetry analyses and first-principles density-functional theory calculations, we show that with almost identical ...


Magnetocaloric Effect Of Gadolinium In High Magnetic Fields, T. Gottschall, M. D. Kuz’min, K. P. Skokov, Y. Skourski, M. Fries, O. Gutfleisch, M. Ghorbani Zavareh, Deborah L. Schlagel, Yaroslav Mudryk, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, J. Wosnitza 2019 Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf

Magnetocaloric Effect Of Gadolinium In High Magnetic Fields, T. Gottschall, M. D. Kuz’Min, K. P. Skokov, Y. Skourski, M. Fries, O. Gutfleisch, M. Ghorbani Zavareh, Deborah L. Schlagel, Yaroslav Mudryk, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, J. Wosnitza

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The magnetocaloric effect of gadolinium has been measured directly in pulsed magnetic fields up to 62 T. The maximum observed adiabatic temperature change is Delta T-ad = 60.5 K, the initial temperature T-0 being just above 300 K. The field dependence of Delta T-ad is found to follow the usual H-2/3 law, with a small correction in H-4/3. However, as H is increased, a radical change is observed in the dependence of Delta T-ad on T-0, at H = const. The familiar caret-shaped peak situated at T-0 = T-C becomes distinctly asymmetric, its high-temperature slope becoming more gentle and evolving ...


Anisotropy Induced Vortex Lattice Rearrangement In Cakfe4as4, Rustem Khasanov, William R. Meier, Sergey L. Bud’ko, Hubertus Luetkens, Paul C. Canfield, Alex Amato 2019 Paul Scherrer Institut

Anisotropy Induced Vortex Lattice Rearrangement In Cakfe4as4, Rustem Khasanov, William R. Meier, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Hubertus Luetkens, Paul C. Canfield, Alex Amato

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The magnetic penetration depth anisotropy gamma(lambda) = lambda(c)/lambda(ab) (lambda(ab) and lambda(c) are the in-plane and the out-of-plane components of the magnetic penetration depth) in a CaKFe4As4 single crystal sample (the critical temperature T-c similar or equal to 35 K) was studied by means of muon-spin rotation (mu SR). gamma(lambda) is almost temperature independent for T less than or similar to 20 K (gamma(lambda) similar or equal to 1.9) and it reaches similar or equal to 3.0 by approaching T-c. The change of gamma(lambda) induces the corresponding rearrangement of the flux ...


Fragility Of Fermi Arcs In Dirac Semimetals, Yun Wu, Na Hyun Jo, Lin-Lin Wang, Connor A. Schmidt, Kathryn M. Neilson, Benjamin Schrunk, Przemyslaw Swatek, Andrew Eaton, Sergey L. Bud’ko, Paul C. Canfield, Adam Kaminski 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Fragility Of Fermi Arcs In Dirac Semimetals, Yun Wu, Na Hyun Jo, Lin-Lin Wang, Connor A. Schmidt, Kathryn M. Neilson, Benjamin Schrunk, Przemyslaw Swatek, Andrew Eaton, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield, Adam Kaminski

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

We use tunable, vacuum ultraviolet laser based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and density functional theory (DFT) calculations to study the electronic properties of Dirac semimetal candidate cubic PtBi 2 . In addition to bulk electronic states we also find surface states in PtBi 2 , which is expected as PtBi 2 was theoretically predicated to be a candidate Dirac semimetal. The surface states are also well reproduced from DFT band calculations. Interestingly, the topological surface states form Fermi contours rather than double Fermi arcs that were observed in Na 3 Bi . The surface bands forming the Fermi contours merge with bulk bands in ...


Pressure-Temperature Phase Diagram Of The Eurbfe4as4 Superconductor, Li Xiang, Sergey L. Bud’ko, Jin-Ke Bao, Duck Young Chung, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis, Paul C. Canfield 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Pressure-Temperature Phase Diagram Of The Eurbfe4as4 Superconductor, Li Xiang, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Jin-Ke Bao, Duck Young Chung, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis, Paul C. Canfield

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The pressure dependencies of the magnetic and superconducting transitions, as well as that of the superconducting upper critical field, are reported for single crystalline EuRbFe 4 As 4 . Resistance measurements were performed under hydrostatic pressures up to 6.21 GPa and in magnetic fields up to 9 T. Zero-field-cooled magnetization measurements were performed under hydrostatic pressures up to 1.24 GPa under 20 mT applied field. Superconducting transition temperature, T c , up to 6.21 GPa and magnetic transition temperature, T M , up to 1.24 GPa were obtained and a pressure-temperature phase diagram was constructed. Our results show that ...


Improving The Readout Of Semiconducting Qubits, Matthew Jon Curry 2019 University of New Mexico

Improving The Readout Of Semiconducting Qubits, Matthew Jon Curry

Physics & Astronomy ETDs

Semiconducting qubits are a promising platform for quantum computers. In particular, silicon spin qubits have made a number of advancements recently including long coherence times, high-fidelity single-qubit gates, two-qubit gates, and high-fidelity readout. However, all operations likely require improvement in fidelity and speed, if possible, to realize a quantum computer.

Readout fidelity and speed, in general, are limited by circuit challenges centered on extracting low signal from a device in a dilution refrigerator connected to room temperature amplifiers by long coaxial cables with relatively high capacitance. Readout fidelity specifically is limited by the time it takes to reliably distinguish qubit ...


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