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Diazonium 4-(Trifluorovinyloxy) Perfluorobutanesulfonyl Benzenesulfonimide Zwitterionic Monomer Synthesis, Isaac D. Addo 2016 East Tennessee State University

Diazonium 4-(Trifluorovinyloxy) Perfluorobutanesulfonyl Benzenesulfonimide Zwitterionic Monomer Synthesis, Isaac D. Addo

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

3-Diazonium- 4-(trifluorovinyloxy) - perfluorobutanesulfonyl benzenesulfonimide zwitterionic monomer (see figure 1) is proposed to be polymerized and further act as a new electrolyte for Polymer exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). One reason is that, the aromatic trifluorovinyl aryl ether (TFVE) group can easily be homopolymerized to aromatic perfluorocyclobutane (PFCB) polymer. Furthermore, the diazonium moiety in the monomer is expected to covalently attach the electrolyte to the carbon electrodes support. The perfluoroalkyl(aryl) sulfonimide (PFSI) pendant provides good chemical and mechanical stability as well as better proton conductivity. Several multi-step synthetic schemes are designed to obtain such monomer from perfluoroalkyl(aryl) sulfonimide ...


Structure-Property Relationships Of Polyisobutylene-Block-Polyamide Thermoplastic Elastomers, Morgan Dunn Heskett 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Structure-Property Relationships Of Polyisobutylene-Block-Polyamide Thermoplastic Elastomers, Morgan Dunn Heskett

Master's Theses

Thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs) are a class of polymer fit for a wide variety of applications due to their customizability. In the synthesis of these types of materials, an elastically-performing polymer, deemed the “soft block,” is combined with a stiffer “hard block” polymer, each of which can be selected based on their own specific properties in order to achieve desired material behavior in the final copolymer. Recently, the use of polyisobutylene as a soft block in combination with a polyamide hard block has been investigated for use in TPE synthesis. While the material showed some promising behavior, many properties were still ...


Chemistry Of Chromium Oxyfluorides And Group Vib Perfluoroglutarates, Bruce Michael Johnson 2016 Portland State University

Chemistry Of Chromium Oxyfluorides And Group Vib Perfluoroglutarates, Bruce Michael Johnson

Michael Johnson

Pure chromium oxide trifluoride was prepared for the first time by reaction of CrO3 and ClF with subsequent multiple fluorine treatments at 120°c. On the basis of its infrared spectrum, the purple CrOF3 was assigned as a fluorine-bridged polymer with terminal oxygen groups. Chromium oxide trifluoride was found to be stable to 300°c, where it decomposes with the loss of oxygen to CrF3.


Chemistry Of Chromium Oxyfluorides And Group Vib Perfluoroglutarates, Bruce Michael Johnson 2016 Portland State University

Chemistry Of Chromium Oxyfluorides And Group Vib Perfluoroglutarates, Bruce Michael Johnson

Michael Johnson

Pure chromium oxide trifluoride was prepared for the first time by reaction of CrO3 and ClF with subsequent multiple fluorine treatments at 120°c. On the basis of its infrared spectrum, the purple CrOF3 was assigned as a fluorine-bridged polymer with terminal oxygen groups. Chromium oxide trifluoride was found to be stable to 300°c, where it decomposes with the loss of oxygen to CrF3.


Recent Approaches In Designing Bioadhesive Materials Inspired By Mussel Adhesive Protein, Pegah Kord Forooshani, Bruce P. Lee 2016 Michigan Technological University

Recent Approaches In Designing Bioadhesive Materials Inspired By Mussel Adhesive Protein, Pegah Kord Forooshani, Bruce P. Lee

Department of Biomedical Engineering Publications

Marine mussels secret protein-based adhesives, which enable them to anchor to various surfaces in a saline, intertidal zone. Mussel foot proteins (Mfps) contain a large abundance of a unique, catecholic amino acid, Dopa, in their protein sequences. Catechol offers robust and durable adhe-sion to various substrate surfaces and contributes to the curing of the adhesive plaques. In this article, we review the unique features and the key functionalities of Mfps, catechol chemistry, and strategies for preparing catechol-functionalized poly- mers. Specifically, we reviewed recent findings on the contributions of various features of Mfps on interfacial binding, which include coacervate formation, surface ...


Effect Of Surface Treatment On Liquid Adhesion Inside 3-D Structures, Madani A. Khan, Jeffrey Alston, Andrew Guenthner, Jacob Zavala 2016 The City College of New York

Effect Of Surface Treatment On Liquid Adhesion Inside 3-D Structures, Madani A. Khan, Jeffrey Alston, Andrew Guenthner, Jacob Zavala

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

This study explores the relationship between chemical surface treatments on the interior of glass tubes and their resistance to fluid flow. By treating the interior of the tubes with functional silanes we can decrease or increase the interaction of the tube walls with the fluid column, which translates to changes in fluid column height for a given pressure differential. Resistance to fluid flow is quantified by using the tubes as integral parts of a barometric pressure column and measuring the changes in column height as the fluid is pulled into the tube by a set pressure differential. The barometric pressure ...


Characterization Of S-Swcnt/Pf-Pd Dispersions And Networks, Tamara N. El-Hayek Ms., Jeffrey Blackburn, Andrew Ferguson, Tammy Pheuphong 2016 California State University, San Marcos

Characterization Of S-Swcnt/Pf-Pd Dispersions And Networks, Tamara N. El-Hayek Ms., Jeffrey Blackburn, Andrew Ferguson, Tammy Pheuphong

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (SWCNTs) are being investigated for their use in a wide variety of renewable energy applications. Their unique physical properties contribute to desirable traits such as a high carrier mobility, strong optical absorption and tunable electronic band gap. Unfortunately, due to variability in certain parameters, SWCNTs are limited in their application. The major drawback is that SWCNTs are variable in size and type and typical synthetic methods are not selective. As a result, selective methods must be developed in order to sort these tubes and extract those which are desirable for a particular application. Though there are several ...


Synthesis And Application Of Polymer Brush-Grafted Nanoparticles As Hydrogel Gelators And Lubricant Additives, Roger Anthony Emory Wright 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Synthesis And Application Of Polymer Brush-Grafted Nanoparticles As Hydrogel Gelators And Lubricant Additives, Roger Anthony Emory Wright

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation describes the synthesis of polymer brush-grafted nanoparticles (hairy NPs) and an analysis of their behavior or utility in multiple areas. The hairy NPs were synthesized from silica NPs functionalized with initiating moieties by surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization. A brief introduction to hairy NPs, with a focus on the synthesis and behavior of stimuli-responsive polymer brush-grafted particles, is given in Chapter 1 to provide context for this work.

Chapters 2 and 3 present the synthesis of thermosensitive diblock copolymer brush-grafted nanoparticles designed as hairy NP analogues in place of thermosensitive block copolymers micelles for the construction of hybrid ...


Calculating The Energy Barriers Required To Join Metal-Organic Framework Synthesis Intermediates With Non-Equilibrium Molecular Simulation, Marcus A. Tubbs, David Cantu, Roger Rousseau, Vassiliki-Alexandra Glezakou 2016 CSULB

Calculating The Energy Barriers Required To Join Metal-Organic Framework Synthesis Intermediates With Non-Equilibrium Molecular Simulation, Marcus A. Tubbs, David Cantu, Roger Rousseau, Vassiliki-Alexandra Glezakou

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

Metal organic frameworks are synthetic porous materials with great capacity for adsorption of carbon dioxide and methane. They chemically appear as a chain-link fence with nodes of metal connected by organic linkers. The pores between the nodes define the characteristics of the material, allowing gas particles of specific size to pass through while blocking larger particulates. While there has been success in synthesizing small amounts of metal organic frameworks, the mechanistic details behind their assembly remain unknown. Understanding the synthesis mechanism is necessary to understand the kinetics involved and be able to produce this useful material on an industrial scale ...


Hybrid Micellar Network Hydrogels Of Thermosensitive Hydrophilic Triblock Copolymers And Thermosensitive Hairy Nanoparticles, Bin Hu 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Hybrid Micellar Network Hydrogels Of Thermosensitive Hydrophilic Triblock Copolymers And Thermosensitive Hairy Nanoparticles, Bin Hu

Doctoral Dissertations

Hybrid micellar network hydrogels, composed of thermosensitive hydrophilic triblock copolymers and thermosensitive polymer brush-grafted nanoparticles (hairy NPs), exhibit intriguing rheological properties. This dissertation work studies thermosensitive hybrid hydrogels with NPs positioned either inside or outside the core of block copolymer micelles.

Chapter 1 is an introduction. Chapter 2 examines the effect of NP’s location on properties of hybrid hydrogels of a thermosensitive ABA triblock copolymer and hairy NPs. Two batches of thermoresponsive polymer brush-grafted silica NPs and an ABA triblock copolymer with thermosensitive outer blocks were prepared. When the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of hairy NPs was similar ...


Multipurpose Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Electrospun Fibers For The Prevention Of Hiv-1 And Hsv-2 Infections., Kevin Tyo 2016 University of Louisville

Multipurpose Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Electrospun Fibers For The Prevention Of Hiv-1 And Hsv-2 Infections., Kevin Tyo

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Sexually transmitted infections affect hundreds of millions of worldwide. Both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1 and -2) and herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) remain incurable, urging the development of new prevention strategies. While current prophylactic technologies are dependent on strict user adherence to achieve efficacy, there is a dearth of delivery vehicles that provide discreet and convenient administration, combined with prolonged-delivery of active agents. To address these needs, we created electrospun fibers (EFs) comprised of FDA-approved polymers, poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) and poly(DL-lactide-co-ε-caprolactone) (PLCL), to provide sustained-release and in vitro protection against HIV-1 and HSV-2. PLGA and PLCL EFs, incorporating the ...


Directed Self-Assembly Of Block Copolymer, No1, Hiromichi Yamamoto 2016 Singh Center

Directed Self-Assembly Of Block Copolymer, No1, Hiromichi Yamamoto

Protocols and Reports

The PS-rich and neutral PS-b-PMMA block copolymer (BCP) films were spin coated on the neutral random copolymer hydroxyl-terminated PS-r-PMMA layers grafted on the native oxide and 50 nm thick PECVD amorphous silicon oxide layers. Relationship between the grafting density of BCP and surface density of hydroxyl moiety on silicon oxide is discussed. Furthermore, optimization of annealing BCP films is reported, and wetted and de-wetted BCP films are shown in optical microscope images. In addition, finger print and nanopore structures of BCP films are also indicated in SEM images.


Synthesis And Characterization Of New Multifunctional Initiators For Anionic Polymerization And The Use Of Poly(4-Hydroxystyrene) As A Template For New Polymers, Christopher Michael Hurley 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Synthesis And Characterization Of New Multifunctional Initiators For Anionic Polymerization And The Use Of Poly(4-Hydroxystyrene) As A Template For New Polymers, Christopher Michael Hurley

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation explores the synthesis and use of multifunctional anionic polymerization initiators for the purpose of opening the gateway to the synthesis of polymer architectures of greater complexity. First the multifunctional oxyanion initiator generated by reacting poly(4-hydroxystyrene) with sodium hydride was used to synthesize a previously unknown polymer containing an aryl halide functional group. The homopolymer solution self-assembly behavior of poly(4-hydroxystyrene) and the newly synthesized poly (4-bromo-phenyloxystyrene) were both investigated. This is followed by the synthesis and characterization of multifunctional alkyne core molecules and random copolymers of polystyrene-co-poly(4-hydroxystyrene) which served as templates for the synthesis of new ...


Correlation Of Polymer Performance And Hansen Solubility Parameters, Daniel Jobse Mania 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Correlation Of Polymer Performance And Hansen Solubility Parameters, Daniel Jobse Mania

Master's Theses

Ready-to-use (RTU) grout is becoming more important to the finish and remodeling construction industry. Market research shows it is a fast-growing product that not only is creating its own space, but is beginning to supplant existing technology.

The original intent of this research was to investigate formulation parameters and how they affect grout performance. It was learned that particle size and oil absorption (OA) value are important filler properties that affect performance as much as adequate packing density and optimal pigment volume concentration (PVC) without going beyond critical PVC (CPVC).

Polymer architecture was also determined to be extremely important, but ...


Electrospinning Of Polymeric Solutions Using Opuntia Ficus-Indica Mucilage And Iron Oxide For Nanofiber Membranes For Treating Arsenic Contaminated Water, Venkatesh Eppili 2016 University of South Florida

Electrospinning Of Polymeric Solutions Using Opuntia Ficus-Indica Mucilage And Iron Oxide For Nanofiber Membranes For Treating Arsenic Contaminated Water, Venkatesh Eppili

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Water is the essential part of every organism and it is also a vital constituent of healthy living and diet. Unfortunately water contamination over the past decade has increased dramatically leading to various diseases. As technology advances, we are detecting many pollutants at smaller levels of concentrations. Arsenic (As) is one of those major pollutants, and Arsenic poisoning is a condition caused due to excess levels of arsenic in the body. The main basis for Arsenic poisoning is from ground water which naturally contains high concentrations of arsenic. A case study from 2007 states that over 137 million people in ...


Measuring Accuracy Of Two 3d Printing Materials, Mudassir Ali 2016 Bowling Green State University

Measuring Accuracy Of Two 3d Printing Materials, Mudassir Ali

Master of Technology Management Plan II Graduate Projects

Part accuracy is one of the important aspect in the manufacturing industry. The overall inaccuracy of the parts being built by RP technology has been one of the major challenges that need to be overcome. Though all the printing materials come with specifications, but the suppliers and manufactures does not specify the accuracy of the materials. In this study we established a study which compares the accuracy of the materials in consideration and performed an experiment to establish the superiority of a material in terms of accuracy over each other. The purpose of this project was to compare the dimensional ...


Synthesis Of Two Monomers For Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (Pemfcs), Abdulmajeed A. Alayyaf 2016 East Tennessee State Universtiy

Synthesis Of Two Monomers For Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (Pemfcs), Abdulmajeed A. Alayyaf

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The overall goal of this research is to synthesize two different monomers for proton exchange membrane (PEM) Fuel Cells. Such monomers are proposed to be polymerized to improve the efficiency and compatibility of electrodes and electrolytes in PEM fuel cells.

The first target is to synthesize 4-diazonium-3-fluoro PFSI zwitterionic monomer. Three steps were carried out in the lab. First one was the ammonolysis of 3-fluoro-4-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride. Second reaction was the bromination of Nafion monomer. The next coupling reaction, between brominated Nafion monomer and the 3-fluoro-4-nitrobenzenesulfonamide, was failed. The obstacles involve the harsh reaction condition and troublesome purification procedure.

The second ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Interpenetrating Polymer Networks For Applications In Extraterrestrial Radiation Shielding, Josiah Arevalo Hammack 2016 College of William and Mary

Synthesis And Characterization Of Interpenetrating Polymer Networks For Applications In Extraterrestrial Radiation Shielding, Josiah Arevalo Hammack

College of William & Mary Undergraduate Honors Theses

During interplanetary voyages spacecraft are exposed to a variety of ionizing radiations, including high intensity electromagnetic radiation and galactic cosmic rays, creating conditions that are harmful to both instrumentation and human passengers. Current shielding methods offer a degree of protection, but they are not suitable for long term missions or for habitation on extraterrestrial environments, and traditional terrestrial shields are too heavy to be carried on these missions. Organic polymers offer a versatile, lightweight solution to many of the difficulties in shielding, however they also present difficulties establishing a sufficiently high hydrogen content while maintaining high mechanical and thermal stability ...


The Effect Of Ethanol, Methanol, And Water On The Hydrolytic Degradation Of Polyamide-11, Patrick Smith 2016 College of William and Mary

The Effect Of Ethanol, Methanol, And Water On The Hydrolytic Degradation Of Polyamide-11, Patrick Smith

College of William & Mary Undergraduate Honors Theses

Polyamide 11 (PA11) is commonly used in offshore oil pipelines due to its excellent mechanical properties and chemical resistance. However, PA11 is prone to hydrolysis which is known to significantly reduce the lifetime of these pipelines. This paper explores the effect of ethanol and methanol, two alcohols that are commonly used to prevent the formation of ice-like blockages in the pipeline, on the hydrolytic degradation of PA11. No significant differences in crystallinity were observed between the different test environments. However, PA11 aged in EtOH showed the lowest amount of hydrolytic degradation when compared to PA11 aged in MeOH or pure ...


Synthesis And Performance Analysis Of Polyurethane Foam Nanocomposite For Arsenic Removal From Drinking Water, Faten Bakri Hussein 2016 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Synthesis And Performance Analysis Of Polyurethane Foam Nanocomposite For Arsenic Removal From Drinking Water, Faten Bakri Hussein

Theses and Dissertations

Water contamination by various heavy metal pollutants such as, Lead, Arsenic, Cadmium, and Mercury, have severe toxic effects on living organisms and humans. High concentrations of arsenic in drinking water cause serious damage to the central and peripheral nervous systems, as well as, the dermal, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and respiratory systems. Arsenic contamination of ground water poses a substantial concern in many countries throughout the world, including the United States.

Considerable research work, aimed at finding and developing various separation and treatment techniques, has been conducted over the past few decades. The conventional treatment methods of arsenic involve coagulation with ferric ...


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