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Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane-Phosphate Glass Matrix Nanocomposites With Additional Chapter On Phosphate Glass-Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) Matrix Composites, Kyoungtae Kim 2018 The University of Southern Mississippi

Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane-Phosphate Glass Matrix Nanocomposites With Additional Chapter On Phosphate Glass-Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) Matrix Composites, Kyoungtae Kim

Dissertations

Preparation and characterization of tin fluorophosphate glass (Pglass) matrix nanocomposites incorporating polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) were investigated on the structural, thermal, morphological, mechanical, and rheological properties. Various processes including synthesis, extrusion and sintering processes were applied to prepare the nanocomposite samples. Another application of POSS with hydrophobic functional groups on the well-structured nanoscale silicate cage with three silanol groups was investigated to present the feasibility to use POSS molecule as a coating material on the surface of the hydrophilic inorganic glass. In addition, Poly(ethylene terephthalate) polymer matrix composites incorporating Pglass was studied to present the benefits of the Pglass ...


A New Generation Of Functional Polyisobutylenes For Advanced Applications, Corey M. Parada 2018 The University of Southern Mississippi

A New Generation Of Functional Polyisobutylenes For Advanced Applications, Corey M. Parada

Dissertations

Polyisobutylene (PIB) is a fully saturated, aliphatic polymer of high commercial importance due to its superior gas barrier properties and high chemical/oxidative stability. One commercial end-use for PIB is in insulated glass windows (IGU), where it acts as a gas/moisture barrier and sealant. Under certain adverse conditions, catastrophic failure of the PIB sealant may result in aesthetic and functional failure of the IGU, which necessitates replacement of the unit. Thus, there exists a need to improve current generations of thermoplastic PIB sealants to be able to withstand the harsh environments found in current real-world applications.

In the first ...


Effect Of Network Structure On Free Volume And Gas Transport Properties Of Thiol-Ene And Epoxy-Amine Networks, Ramesh Krishnan Ramakrishnan 2018 The University of Southern Mississippi

Effect Of Network Structure On Free Volume And Gas Transport Properties Of Thiol-Ene And Epoxy-Amine Networks, Ramesh Krishnan Ramakrishnan

Dissertations

Network parameters such as cross-link density or intermolecular interactions were used as effective parameters to control polymer chain packing or free volume and thereby control the mass transport properties of networks.

A series of polyethylene glycol (PEG) based thiol-ene elastomeric networks having a broad range of molecular weight between cross-links, Mc, (inverse of cross-link density) was prepared. The specific volume of the networks was studied as a function of temperature and pressure using high pressure dilatometry, and the obtained PVT data was fit using Simha-Somcynsky equation of state (S-S eos) analysis. Fractional free volume, quantified through S-S eos analysis ...


Flexible And Versatile Soft Templates For Mesoporous Silicas And Organosilicas Based On Pluronic Block Copolymer Surfactants And Their Mixtures, George Farid 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Flexible And Versatile Soft Templates For Mesoporous Silicas And Organosilicas Based On Pluronic Block Copolymer Surfactants And Their Mixtures, George Farid

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In this dissertation, the work will be discussed that was focused on the synthesis of consolidated periodic mesoporous materials such as 2-D hexgonal ordered mesoporous silicas (SBA-15) as well as single-micelle-templated silica and organosilica nanotubes and nanospheres using triblock copolymer surfactants and their mixtures in the presence of a swelling agent. The introductory section, Chapter 1, will address the current state of the tunability of single-micelle-templated silica and organosilica nanotubes and will compare it with the work presented in this dissertation on the use of a dual-surfactant templating systems. Chapter 2 of the dissertation discusses transmission electron microscopy characterization of ...


Biomass Based Monomers For Synthesis Of Renewably Sourced Polymers, Anushka E. Vithanage 2018 University of Maine

Biomass Based Monomers For Synthesis Of Renewably Sourced Polymers, Anushka E. Vithanage

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Limited fossil resources have raised research focus on synthesizing novel, sustainable polymers and renewably sourcing existing petroleum based polymers. This work presents the synthesis and ring opening polymerization (ROP) of a new functionalized lactone monomer, methoxy-δ-hexalactone (MDHL), to yield a functionalized polyester (polyMDHL). MDHL can be renewably sourced from hydroxymethylfurfural, a renewable platform chemical. MDHL was synthesized from methyl cyclopentanone-2-carboxylate by a five-step synthesis with a global yield of 23%. ROP of MDHL was conducted with benzyl alcohol initiator, catalyzed by diphenyl phosphate. 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy verified polyMDHL chemical structure. Targeting higher molecular weights for polyMDHL by increasing ...


Highly Conductive Solid Polymer Electrolytes: Poly(Ethylene Oxide)/Litfsi Blends, Zahra Alquraini 2018 Clark Atlanta University

Highly Conductive Solid Polymer Electrolytes: Poly(Ethylene Oxide)/Litfsi Blends, Zahra Alquraini

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

In this study, highly ionic conductive solid polymer electrolytes have been prepared by blending high molecular weight polyethylene oxide (PEO: MW 35,000 and 100,000) and bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonamide lithium (LiTFSI) salt. The ionic conductivities were determined for several compositions of the blends at different temperatures. A maximum ionic conductivity of 9.45 x 10-6 S cm-1 at 25 °C has been obtained for the blends containing PEO-35,000/LiTFSI at an ethylene oxide to lithium salt ratio (EO/Li+) of 5, whereas a maximum ionic conductivity 7.7 x 10-6 S cm-1 at 25 ...


Thienoisatin Oligomers As N-Type Molecular Semiconductors, Natalie M. Kadlubowski, Xuyi Luo, Jianguo Mei 2018 Purdue University

Thienoisatin Oligomers As N-Type Molecular Semiconductors, Natalie M. Kadlubowski, Xuyi Luo, Jianguo Mei

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Organic field effect transistors (OFETs) offer many advantages compared to traditional inorganic transistors, such as flexibility and solution processability. In this study we design and synthesize two thienoisatin-based organic semiconducting small molecules, then investigate their electronic properties in n-type OFETs. To introduce n-type charge transport, electron-withdrawing dicarbonitrile moieties were installed on thienoisoindigo and bis-thienoisatin molecules, which led to a quinoidal conjugation on thienoisoindigo, while maintaining an aromatic conjugation on the bis-thienoisatin. Following the syntheses, the molecules were characterized to determine highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) levels via cyclic voltammetry, as well as any potential ...


Development Of Mof@Polymer Composite Materials Through Bottom-Up Self-Assembly Techniques, Roberto C. Arbulu 2018 University of New Mexico

Development Of Mof@Polymer Composite Materials Through Bottom-Up Self-Assembly Techniques, Roberto C. Arbulu

Chemistry ETDs

MOF-based mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) are a promising new class of MOF/polymer composite materials. Currently, fabrication of MMMs is based on top-down methods with limited control over MOF positioning, integration, or morphology. This work focuses on the growth of well-defined one-dimensional (1-D) MOF nanostructures within the pores of a nanoporous polymer template, either commercially available or through the self-assembly of block co-polymers having tailor-designed surface functionalities. Studies were conducted using zeolitic imidazole framework-8 (ZIF-8) and polycarbonate track etched (PCTE) membranes, which demonstrated the feasibility of the outlined approach, and revealed the formation of distinct super- and nanostructures with controlled ...


Electrospinning And Electrospraying Of Unsaturated Poly(Macrolatone)S: Alternative Material For Biomedical Applications., Fernando Cabral Sales de Oliveira 2018 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Electrospinning And Electrospraying Of Unsaturated Poly(Macrolatone)S: Alternative Material For Biomedical Applications., Fernando Cabral Sales De Oliveira

PhD theses

Chapter 1 – Introduction Lactones are a promising class of monomers which enable production of a large number of polymers with different properties. This thesis aims to investigate materials derived from the unsaturated macrolactone globalide and their processing into variable structures by electrospinning and electrospraying. The first chapter provides an overview of the polymerisation techniques, spinning and spraying technology as well as the application of aliphatic polyesters in biomedical applications.

Chapter 2 – Optimization of electrospinning process using poly(globalide). Poly(globalide) (PGl) has not be used in electrospinning to date. In this chapter the spinning conditions were optimised with the goal ...


The Effect Of Soxhlet Extraction And Synthesis Temperature On Properties Of Polyaniline, Samuel Watson Stahl 2018 Old Dominion University

The Effect Of Soxhlet Extraction And Synthesis Temperature On Properties Of Polyaniline, Samuel Watson Stahl

Chemistry & Biochemistry Theses & Dissertations

Polyaniline was synthesized by the chemical oxidation of aniline in an HCl solution by ammonium persulfate. The temperature of the synthesis was varied to increase the molecular weight of the polymer from 37,600 Da to 52,400 Da. Soxhlet extraction using methanol as the primary solvent was performed on half the sample in order to further increase the average molecular weight by approximately 3150 Da and decrease the polydispersity index by 0.8. Films were cast from 1,3-dimethyl-3,4,5,6-tetrahydro-2(1H)-pyrimidinone (DMPU) and N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) and then doped with trifluoromethanesulfonic acid.

The effect of the ...


An Entirely New Molecular Glue For Mof Using Unusual Structural Transformation Of A Coordination Polymer, Sukwoo Jung, Hangyeol Kim, Junseok Ahn 2018 Korea Science Academy

An Entirely New Molecular Glue For Mof Using Unusual Structural Transformation Of A Coordination Polymer, Sukwoo Jung, Hangyeol Kim, Junseok Ahn

The International Student Science Fair 2018

In this research, an entirely new molecular glue is reported. This ‘coordination polymer glue’ is synthesized from zinc metal and BDC-NPE(2,5-bis{4-[1-(4-nitrophenyl)ethylamino]butoxy}terephthalic acid). Molecular glue transforms from 1D coordination polymer to a 3D cross-linked framework, resulting in a phase change of solution to solid. The carboxylate group of this glue makes the preformed MOF bind to its framework. Therefore, when the solution of molecular glue is mixed with preformed MOF powder and heated, homogeneous and thin MOF film – MOF/ZnNPE film – is fabricated. The film is irrelevant to the kind of its substrate ...


Glucosamine From Hydrolysis Of 3d Printing Chitosan For Osteoarthritis Treatment, Ruj Dansriboon, Laphon Premcharoen 2018 Kamnoetvidya Science Academy

Glucosamine From Hydrolysis Of 3d Printing Chitosan For Osteoarthritis Treatment, Ruj Dansriboon, Laphon Premcharoen

The International Student Science Fair 2018

This project aims to introduce a new way for osteoarthritis treatment which is expected to increase in the future. Glucosamine is the main subject for a treatment, which can be derived by hydrolyzing chitosan. This project also includes extraction of chitosan from shrimp waste to make a worthy use of food waste from industry. In this project, 3D printer is applied to print chitosan gel since 3D printing is adjustable to form various shapes of the gel.

The research process begins with the extraction of chitosan from shrimp shells. For the next step, the percent of deacetylation of chitosan was ...


An Entirely New Molecular Glue For Mof Using Unusual Structural Transformation Of A Coordination Polymer, Sukwoo Jung, Hangyeol Kim, Junseok Ahn 2018 Korea Science Academy

An Entirely New Molecular Glue For Mof Using Unusual Structural Transformation Of A Coordination Polymer, Sukwoo Jung, Hangyeol Kim, Junseok Ahn

The International Student Science Fair 2018

In this research, an entirely new molecular glue is reported. This ‘coordination polymer glue’ is synthesized from zinc metal and BDC-NPE(2,5-bis{4-[1-(4-nitrophenyl)ethylamino]butoxy}terephthalic acid). Molecular glue transforms from 1D coordination polymer to a 3D cross-linked framework, resulting in a phase change of solution to solid. The carboxylate group of this glue makes the preformed MOF bind to its framework. Therefore, when the solution of molecular glue is mixed with preformed MOF powder and heated, homogeneous and thin MOF film – MOF/ZnNPE film – is fabricated. The film is irrelevant to the kind of its substrate ...


The Incorporation Of Phosphorus Into Block Copolymers And Their Self-Assembly, Benjamin F. Hisey 2018 The University of Western Ontario

The Incorporation Of Phosphorus Into Block Copolymers And Their Self-Assembly, Benjamin F. Hisey

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The content of this thesis focuses on the incorporation of phosphorus into amphiphilic block copolymers (BCPs) for the realization of novel properties in the solution phase self-assembled materials derived from the BCPs. The incorporation was achieved through either attaching phosphorus to the terminus of already existing BCPs or the synthesis of novel BCPs from prepared or commercially available phosphorus containing monomers. The phosphorus containing polymers exhibited properties dependent on the existence of the phosphorus species in the BCPs. The first example of this is the modification of poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(ε-caprolactone) (PEO-b-PCL) copolymers by the attachment ...


Synthesis Of A Bipyridine Ligand For Metal-Triggered Supramolecular Polymers, Andrew D. Gould 2018 DePaul University

Synthesis Of A Bipyridine Ligand For Metal-Triggered Supramolecular Polymers, Andrew D. Gould

DePaul Discoveries

Intermolecular forces, such as H-bonding, ionic interactions and metal chelation between small molecules, can lead to the assembly of higher-order supramolecular nanostructures. A metal chelator, 2-(Pyridin-2-yl) pyridine-5-carboxylic Acid (a bipyridine derivative), is expected to aid in the formation of supramolecular structures as part of amphiphilic molecules that self-assemble in solution in the presence of metal ions. The bipyridine ligand currently under synthesis can be prepared through a five-step synthesis scheme. The second reaction of this synthesis (the coupling of two pyridine rings) resulted in a combination of the desired 1,2,5-isomer, as well as an unforeseen 1,2 ...


Glycopolymer Functionalization Of Polymersomes, Josh Jadischke 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Glycopolymer Functionalization Of Polymersomes, Josh Jadischke

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Carbohydrates are important to cellular communication, recognition, and pathogenesis, making them a useful synthetic target for application in therapeutics and diagnosis. Synthetic carbohydrate presenting scaffolds can replicate or interrupt the binding interactions that occur in nature. Due to the weak nature of the monosaccharide-protein bond, most carbohydrate presenting scaffolds display saccharides in a multivalent manner to improve binding. Recently there has been an effort to combine carbohydrate containing scaffolds with polymersomes (vesicles composed of polymers), due to the structural resemblance of polymersome membranes to biological membranes. This thesis describes the progress towards functionalizing polymersomes with linear glycopolymers as a potential ...


Polymeric Hairy Nanoparticles With Helical Hairs: Synthesis And Self-Assembly, MD Hanif Uddin 2018 Atlanta University Center

Polymeric Hairy Nanoparticles With Helical Hairs: Synthesis And Self-Assembly, Md Hanif Uddin

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

Nanoscale particles based on the nature of building blocks often self-assemble into superstructures with distinctive spatial arrangements which can be used as functional materials for different application. Micro-phase separated hairy nanoparticle with helical hair can self-assemble to form supramolecular material which may mimic the properties and functions of the natural polymers such as protein and cellulose. Beside this hairy/core-shell nanoparticles also may find many applications such as in asymmetric catalysis, nano-fillers in tire and rubbers, model systems for biology, lithography and as sensors. In this work, we have successfully synthesized two hairy nanoparticles both of which has cross-linked polystyrene ...


Flame Retardancy Of Ferrocene Incorporated Epoxide, Sultan Alanazi 2018 Pittsburg State University

Flame Retardancy Of Ferrocene Incorporated Epoxide, Sultan Alanazi

Electronic Thesis Collection

Epoxy resins are thermosetting resins that are used in a variety of applications such as electrical and electronic devices. However, epoxy resins can be inherently flammable. To circumvent this problem, epoxy resins were prepared by incorporating ferrocene carboxylic acid into the epoxy prior to thermal setting, as a flame retardant. Ferrocene carboxylic acid was prepared by condensing o-chlorobenzoyl chloride with ferrocene followed by hydrolysis. The synthesized ferrocene carboxylic acid was characterized by 1H-NMR spectroscopy, 13C-NMR spectroscopy, and FT-IR spectroscopy. Epoxy films were then prepared by reacting ferrocene carboxylic acid (10, 15, and 20% by wt) with bisphenol A ...


Polymer Nanocomposites Containing High Aspect Ratio Particulates: Innovation In Co-Extruded Multilayer Barrier Films, Kevin Meyers 2018 The University of Southern Mississippi

Polymer Nanocomposites Containing High Aspect Ratio Particulates: Innovation In Co-Extruded Multilayer Barrier Films, Kevin Meyers

Dissertations

Delaminated montmorillonite (MMT) clay/ maleic anhydride grafted LLDPE nanocomposite multilayer films with alternating layers of LDPE were produced through multilayer co-extrusion. The MMT concentration within the nanocomposite layers was increased through annealing the films in the melt due to a mismatch in interdiffusion rates of the polymer layers. Analysis of the nanocomposite layers upon annealing revealed that the platelets impinged upon one another resulting in significant improvement in oxygen barrier in the multilayer system, exceeding the results of bulk nanocomposites.

Model analysis demonstrated that increasing the nanoplatelet aspect ratio or initial concentration in the filled layers would lead to even ...


Targeted Triple Drug Regimen For The Treatment Of Prostate Cancer, Tanuja Tummala 2018 Pittsburg State University

Targeted Triple Drug Regimen For The Treatment Of Prostate Cancer, Tanuja Tummala

Electronic Thesis Collection

Prostate cancer is the most common amongst men. According to ACS 2018 statistics, about 164,690 new cases appear and 29,430 deaths occur. Nearly 6 in 10 cases are diagnosed in men over 50 years of age and often there are no early symptoms. The treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy and/or radiation and it can often be treated successfully. However, the poor management and adverse effects demanded ways to find better treatment option. Towards the development of a personalized medicine for prostate cancer treatment, we proposed to design prostate cancer targeting magnetic nanoplatform. This integrates various ...


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