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An Entirely New Molecular Glue For Mof Using Unusual Structural Transformation Of A Coordination Polymer, Sukwoo Jung, Hangyeol Kim, Junseok Ahn 2018 Korea Science Academy

An Entirely New Molecular Glue For Mof Using Unusual Structural Transformation Of A Coordination Polymer, Sukwoo Jung, Hangyeol Kim, Junseok Ahn

The International Student Science Fair 2018

In this research, an entirely new molecular glue is reported. This ‘coordination polymer glue’ is synthesized from zinc metal and BDC-NPE(2,5-bis{4-[1-(4-nitrophenyl)ethylamino]butoxy}terephthalic acid). Molecular glue transforms from 1D coordination polymer to a 3D cross-linked framework, resulting in a phase change of solution to solid. The carboxylate group of this glue makes the preformed MOF bind to its framework. Therefore, when the solution of molecular glue is mixed with preformed MOF powder and heated, homogeneous and thin MOF film – MOF/ZnNPE film – is fabricated. The film is irrelevant to the kind of its substrate ...


Glucosamine From Hydrolysis Of 3d Printing Chitosan For Osteoarthritis Treatment, Ruj Dansriboon, Laphon Premcharoen 2018 Kamnoetvidya Science Academy

Glucosamine From Hydrolysis Of 3d Printing Chitosan For Osteoarthritis Treatment, Ruj Dansriboon, Laphon Premcharoen

The International Student Science Fair 2018

This project aims to introduce a new way for osteoarthritis treatment which is expected to increase in the future. Glucosamine is the main subject for a treatment, which can be derived by hydrolyzing chitosan. This project also includes extraction of chitosan from shrimp waste to make a worthy use of food waste from industry. In this project, 3D printer is applied to print chitosan gel since 3D printing is adjustable to form various shapes of the gel.

The research process begins with the extraction of chitosan from shrimp shells. For the next step, the percent of deacetylation of chitosan was ...


An Entirely New Molecular Glue For Mof Using Unusual Structural Transformation Of A Coordination Polymer, Sukwoo Jung, Hangyeol Kim, Junseok Ahn 2018 Korea Science Academy

An Entirely New Molecular Glue For Mof Using Unusual Structural Transformation Of A Coordination Polymer, Sukwoo Jung, Hangyeol Kim, Junseok Ahn

The International Student Science Fair 2018

In this research, an entirely new molecular glue is reported. This ‘coordination polymer glue’ is synthesized from zinc metal and BDC-NPE(2,5-bis{4-[1-(4-nitrophenyl)ethylamino]butoxy}terephthalic acid). Molecular glue transforms from 1D coordination polymer to a 3D cross-linked framework, resulting in a phase change of solution to solid. The carboxylate group of this glue makes the preformed MOF bind to its framework. Therefore, when the solution of molecular glue is mixed with preformed MOF powder and heated, homogeneous and thin MOF film – MOF/ZnNPE film – is fabricated. The film is irrelevant to the kind of its substrate ...


The Incorporation Of Phosphorus Into Block Copolymers And Their Self-Assembly, Benjamin F. Hisey 2018 The University of Western Ontario

The Incorporation Of Phosphorus Into Block Copolymers And Their Self-Assembly, Benjamin F. Hisey

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The content of this thesis focuses on the incorporation of phosphorus into amphiphilic block copolymers (BCPs) for the realization of novel properties in the solution phase self-assembled materials derived from the BCPs. The incorporation was achieved through either attaching phosphorus to the terminus of already existing BCPs or the synthesis of novel BCPs from prepared or commercially available phosphorus containing monomers. The phosphorus containing polymers exhibited properties dependent on the existence of the phosphorus species in the BCPs. The first example of this is the modification of poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(ε-caprolactone) (PEO-b-PCL) copolymers by the attachment ...


Synthesis Of A Bipyridine Ligand For Metal-Triggered Supramolecular Polymers, Andrew D. Gould 2018 DePaul University

Synthesis Of A Bipyridine Ligand For Metal-Triggered Supramolecular Polymers, Andrew D. Gould

DePaul Discoveries

Intermolecular forces, such as H-bonding, ionic interactions and metal chelation between small molecules, can lead to the assembly of higher-order supramolecular nanostructures. A metal chelator, 2-(Pyridin-2-yl) pyridine-5-carboxylic Acid (a bipyridine derivative), is expected to aid in the formation of supramolecular structures as part of amphiphilic molecules that self-assemble in solution in the presence of metal ions. The bipyridine ligand currently under synthesis can be prepared through a five-step synthesis scheme. The second reaction of this synthesis (the coupling of two pyridine rings) resulted in a combination of the desired 1,2,5-isomer, as well as an unforeseen 1,2 ...


Glycopolymer Functionalization Of Polymersomes, Josh Jadischke 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Glycopolymer Functionalization Of Polymersomes, Josh Jadischke

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Carbohydrates are important to cellular communication, recognition, and pathogenesis, making them a useful synthetic target for application in therapeutics and diagnosis. Synthetic carbohydrate presenting scaffolds can replicate or interrupt the binding interactions that occur in nature. Due to the weak nature of the monosaccharide-protein bond, most carbohydrate presenting scaffolds display saccharides in a multivalent manner to improve binding. Recently there has been an effort to combine carbohydrate containing scaffolds with polymersomes (vesicles composed of polymers), due to the structural resemblance of polymersome membranes to biological membranes. This thesis describes the progress towards functionalizing polymersomes with linear glycopolymers as a potential ...


Polymeric Hairy Nanoparticles With Helical Hairs: Synthesis And Self-Assembly, MD Hanif Uddin 2018 Atlanta University Center

Polymeric Hairy Nanoparticles With Helical Hairs: Synthesis And Self-Assembly, Md Hanif Uddin

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

Nanoscale particles based on the nature of building blocks often self-assemble into superstructures with distinctive spatial arrangements which can be used as functional materials for different application. Micro-phase separated hairy nanoparticle with helical hair can self-assemble to form supramolecular material which may mimic the properties and functions of the natural polymers such as protein and cellulose. Beside this hairy/core-shell nanoparticles also may find many applications such as in asymmetric catalysis, nano-fillers in tire and rubbers, model systems for biology, lithography and as sensors. In this work, we have successfully synthesized two hairy nanoparticles both of which has cross-linked polystyrene ...


Polymer Nanocomposites Containing High Aspect Ratio Particulates: Innovation In Co-Extruded Multilayer Barrier Films, Kevin Meyers 2018 The University of Southern Mississippi

Polymer Nanocomposites Containing High Aspect Ratio Particulates: Innovation In Co-Extruded Multilayer Barrier Films, Kevin Meyers

Dissertations

Delaminated montmorillonite (MMT) clay/ maleic anhydride grafted LLDPE nanocomposite multilayer films with alternating layers of LDPE were produced through multilayer co-extrusion. The MMT concentration within the nanocomposite layers was increased through annealing the films in the melt due to a mismatch in interdiffusion rates of the polymer layers. Analysis of the nanocomposite layers upon annealing revealed that the platelets impinged upon one another resulting in significant improvement in oxygen barrier in the multilayer system, exceeding the results of bulk nanocomposites.

Model analysis demonstrated that increasing the nanoplatelet aspect ratio or initial concentration in the filled layers would lead to even ...


Characterizing The Ductile-Brittle Transition Of Polyamide-11/ Purification And Characterization Of Boron Nitride Nanotubes, William Kim 2018 College of William and Mary

Characterizing The Ductile-Brittle Transition Of Polyamide-11/ Purification And Characterization Of Boron Nitride Nanotubes, William Kim

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Semi-crystalline polymers undergo a transition from ductile to brittle behavior that has traditionally been characterized by the molecular weight (Mw). However, using Mw as a determinant of the ductile brittle transition has been proven to be imprecise. To better understand the ductile-brittle transition, polyamide-11 (PA-11) was degraded in water and low molecular weight acids: acetic and butanoic. The Mw of PA-11 degraded 4 times faster in acetic and 8 times faster in butanoic acid than when aged in water. This accelerated aging technique separated the role of crystallinity from a changing molecular weight on ductility. This research shows that crystallinity ...


Investigations Into Ring-Opening Polymerization Of Functionalized Ε-Caprolactones, Danielle N. Coderre, Matthew K. Kiesewetter 2018 University of Rhode Island

Investigations Into Ring-Opening Polymerization Of Functionalized Ε-Caprolactones, Danielle N. Coderre, Matthew K. Kiesewetter

Senior Honors Projects

Polymers are defined as large molecules constructed from small, repeating units (monomers) which make up everyday items, such as: plastic bags and bottles, waterproof coatings, pipes, etc. H-bonding urea (U) or thiourea (TU) catalysts paired with base cocatalysts used for organocatalytic ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of cyclic esters have been shown to exhibit fast rates of polymerization and result in polymers with controlled molecular weights (Mn) and low polydispersity indexes (PDI). Additionally, organocatalytic ring-opening polymerization (ROP) techniques have been shown to be tolerant of the incorporation of functional groups into the monomer feed, which is vital for the catalytic synthesis of ...


Synthesis Of A Silsesquioxane Based Supramolecular Polymer, Rachel Bianculli 2018 Bowling Green State University

Synthesis Of A Silsesquioxane Based Supramolecular Polymer, Rachel Bianculli

Honors Projects

Research toward smart materials, specifically self-healing polymers, is an expanding topic within the materials science field. These materials rely heavily on dynamic crosslinking that is achieved by inducing different degrees of hydrogen bonding, van der Waals forces, etc. This work, demonstrated by research previously done within the Ostrowski research group, shows how coordination bonds of transition metals have been shown to create light activated, self-healing properties. Work done with these light-activated chromium (III) complexes with a poly(butylyene-co-ethylene) backbone have shown how metal—ligand coordination geometries can tune mechanical properties of the polymeric material. However, these materials suffer from being ...


Synthesis And Evaluation Of Acetylcholine Molecularly Imprinted Polymers, Nathaniel Donald Thiemann 2018 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut

Synthesis And Evaluation Of Acetylcholine Molecularly Imprinted Polymers, Nathaniel Donald Thiemann

Masters Theses

Polymers imprinted with acetylcholine during synthesis were prepared in order to evaluate their potential for implementation as a novel recognition element in acetylcholine biosensors. Biosensors, such as the glucose monitor, are used to rapidly detect and quantify a target analyte. Acetylcholine biosensors have already been produced using enzymatic recognition elements, but they are currently expensive and plagued by short viability. Molecularly imprinted polymers are not only cheap and durable, but have also been successfully used as a recognition element in biosensors for other analytes. Therefore, computational tools were used to rationally design acetylcholine molecularly imprinted polymers. Three chemicals, itaconic acid ...


Photo-Controlled Release Of Zinc Ions In Aqueous Solution With Simultaneous Fluorescence Detection, Tyler Larson 2018 College of William and Mary

Photo-Controlled Release Of Zinc Ions In Aqueous Solution With Simultaneous Fluorescence Detection, Tyler Larson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

We created a system consisting of a highly fluorescent conjugated polymer nanoparticle paired with a photo-release dye. Upon irradiation at the maximum absorbance of the nanoparticle, it non-radiatively transfers its energy to the dye through the process of FRET (Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer), exciting the dye, which then releases a biologically relevant ion, zinc. This system enhances the photo-release process, making it kinetically faster and more efficient. The photo-event is accompanied by a change in fluorescence of the dye, allowing for simultaneous detection of photo-release. This thesis outlines nanoparticle synthesis using the reprecipitation method, synthesis of the zinc releasing dye ...


Recent Approaches In Designing Bioadhesive Materials Inspired By Mussel Adhesive Protein, Pegah Kord Forooshani, Bruce P. Lee 2018 Michigan Technological University

Recent Approaches In Designing Bioadhesive Materials Inspired By Mussel Adhesive Protein, Pegah Kord Forooshani, Bruce P. Lee

Bruce Lee

Marine mussels secret protein-based adhesives, which enable them to anchor to various surfaces in a saline, intertidal zone. Mussel foot proteins (Mfps) contain a large abundance of a unique, catecholic amino acid, Dopa, in their protein sequences. Catechol offers robust and durable adhe-sion to various substrate surfaces and contributes to the curing of the adhesive plaques. In this article, we review the unique features and the key functionalities of Mfps, catechol chemistry, and strategies for preparing catechol-functionalized poly- mers. Specifically, we reviewed recent findings on the contributions of various features of Mfps on interfacial binding, which include coacervate formation, surface ...


Computational Investigation Of The Ring-Opening Homo- And Co-Polymerizations Of Lactide And Ε-Caprolactone, Diego Garcia, Benjamin Wilson, Joe Fritsch 2018 Pepperdine University

Computational Investigation Of The Ring-Opening Homo- And Co-Polymerizations Of Lactide And Ε-Caprolactone, Diego Garcia, Benjamin Wilson, Joe Fritsch

Seaver College Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium

The mechanism for the ring-opening polymerization of lactide and ε-caprolactone is presented here with an aluminum-centered catalyst featuring a tridentate ligand and two alkoxide initiating ligands. In each homopolymerization, the addition of electron-withdrawing groups on the tridentate ligand lowers the activation energy of the reaction by increasing the electrophilicity of the central Aluminum. We further investigated the polymerizations by comparing the energy difference between copolymerization and homopolymerization following the initial ring opening as well as the potential for dual polymer chains from the insertion of both initiating ligand. Single chain polymerization is favored in every case, due to lower bond ...


Synthesis Of Dimeric Zinc Complexes For Use As Ring Opening Polymerization Catalysts, Kyle D. Brooks, Arnlold Rheingold, David B. Green, Joe Fritsch 2018 Pepperdine University

Synthesis Of Dimeric Zinc Complexes For Use As Ring Opening Polymerization Catalysts, Kyle D. Brooks, Arnlold Rheingold, David B. Green, Joe Fritsch

Seaver College Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium

No abstract provided.


Multi-Dimensional Mass Spectrometry For The Characterization Of Glycopolymers, Maria Ganios 2018 The University of Akron

Multi-Dimensional Mass Spectrometry For The Characterization Of Glycopolymers, Maria Ganios

Honors Research Projects

Several glycopolymers synthesized by Activators regenerated by electron transfer atom transfer radical polymerization (ARGET ATRP), were characterized by mass spectrometry to elucidate their microstructure and architecture. Analyses were performed using Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization- Time of Flight/ Time of Flight (MALDI-ToF/ToF) and Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry (ESI-MS) instruments. The linear isopropylidenated glycopolymer (P65B1) analyzed with ESI-MS also was examined with multi-stage mass spectrometry (MSn) using collision induced dissociation (CID) to examine the tetramer parent ion. This glycopolymer was found to be either cyclic or linear (sans end groups) due to the data being fit for both forms ...


Functionalizing Titanium Implants With Bioactive Peptides To Increase Osseointegration, Neil Bernard 2018 The University of Akron

Functionalizing Titanium Implants With Bioactive Peptides To Increase Osseointegration, Neil Bernard

Honors Research Projects

Orthopedic surgeries have continued to increase, but the material of choice remains constant: titanium. Titanium has become the benchmark implant material due to its durability and non-immunogenic properties. However, while high rates of success are correlated with joint replacement surgery, certain patients with predisposed diseases such as diabetes or arthritis may have increased complications.1 This can be due to lack of osseointegration due to decreased bone formation and mineralization,2 which will lead to increased rates of infection or aseptic loosening of the implant from the bone. 3 Current methods to alleviate these complications include invasive revisional surgeries, which ...


Direct Measurement Of Rupture Force Of Single Triazole Molecule By Atomic Force Microscope And Solid Phase Synthesis Of Monodisperse Polyethylene Glycols, Ashok Khanal 2018 Michigan Technological University

Direct Measurement Of Rupture Force Of Single Triazole Molecule By Atomic Force Microscope And Solid Phase Synthesis Of Monodisperse Polyethylene Glycols, Ashok Khanal

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

This dissertation includes two topics, which are related to each other: (1) Rupture force measurement of single triazole molecule by atomic force microscope (AFM) and (2) Solid phase stepwise synthesis of polyethylene glycols (PEGs).

The reaction of an alkyne and an azide to form a 1,2,3- triazole has found wide applications. However, the stability of triazole under mechanical stress is unclear. We investigated the cycloreversion at the single molecular level using atomic force microscopy. A mica surface functionalized with a molecule containing a 1,2,3-triazole moiety in the middle and an activated ester at the end was ...


Light-Harvesting And Light-Responsive Materials For Optoelectronic And Biological Applications, youngju bae 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Light-Harvesting And Light-Responsive Materials For Optoelectronic And Biological Applications, Youngju Bae

Doctoral Dissertations

In photodynamic therapy, several critical standards are required of photosensitizers including high singlet oxygen quantum yield, biocompatibility in dark, and long term photochemical stability. In addition, current PDT systems lack active targeting strategies to tumor cells, and instead mainly rely on the natural distribution of PS in the body following injection and application of near-infrared light treatment in the tumor region. This thesis describes a series of BODIPY-based molecules that were designed, synthesized and studied as photosensitizers with high singlet oxygen generation capacity through utilizing the heavy atom effect. Additionally, aqueous solubility and active targeting capability were introduced by photosensitizer ...


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