Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Polymer Chemistry Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

670 Full-Text Articles 896 Authors 137083 Downloads 60 Institutions

All Articles in Polymer Chemistry

Faceted Search

670 full-text articles. Page 1 of 21.

An Investigation Of The Use Of Cerium And Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxanes For The Protection Of Polymeric Epoxy Compounds In The Low Earth Orbit Environment, Jessica Miriam Piness 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

An Investigation Of The Use Of Cerium And Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxanes For The Protection Of Polymeric Epoxy Compounds In The Low Earth Orbit Environment, Jessica Miriam Piness

Dissertations

Low Earth orbit presents many hazards for composites including atomic oxygen, UV radiation, thermal cycling, micrometeoroids, and high energy protons. Atomic oxygen and vacuum ultraviolet radiation are of concern for space-bound polymeric materials as they degrade the polymers used as matrices for carbon fiber composites, which are used in satellites and space vehicles due to their high strength to weight ratios. Epoxy-amine thermosets comprise a common class of matrix due to processability and good thermal attributes. Polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes (POSS) have shown the ability to reduce erosion in polyimides, polyurethanes, and other polymers when exposed to atomic oxygen. The POSS ...


Effect Of Chain Rigidity On Network Architecture And Deformation Behavior Of Glassy Polymer Networks, Kyler Reser Knowles 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

Effect Of Chain Rigidity On Network Architecture And Deformation Behavior Of Glassy Polymer Networks, Kyler Reser Knowles

Dissertations

Processing carbon fiber composite laminates creates molecular-level strains in the thermoset matrix upon curing and cooling which can lead to failures such as geometry deformations, micro-cracking, and other issues. It is known strain creation is attributed to the significant volume and physical state changes undergone by the polymer matrix throughout the curing process, though storage and relaxation of cure-induced strains remain poorly understood. This dissertation establishes two approaches to address the issue. The first establishes testing methods to simultaneously measure key volumetric properties of a carbon fiber composite laminate and its polymer matrix. The second approach considers the rigidity of ...


Sustainable Polymers: Plastics From Plants, Chris Schaller 2017 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University

Sustainable Polymers: Plastics From Plants, Chris Schaller

Forum Lectures

Plastics and related soft materials are ubiquitous in today's world. This presentation takes a look at why polymers have useful properties, where they come from, and why attention has shifted toward new, biorenewable materials.


Thiol-Ene Chemistry As An Enabler Of New Polymer Structures And Architectures, Joel M. Sarapas 2017 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Thiol-Ene Chemistry As An Enabler Of New Polymer Structures And Architectures, Joel M. Sarapas

Doctoral Dissertations May 2014 - current

This dissertation focuses on two distinct projects: the synthesis and design of novel cell penetrating peptides mimics (CPPMs), and the implementation of the thiol-ene click reaction to generate new polymer architectures and chemistries. Guanidinium-rich CPPMs were generated through both ROMP and RAFT polymerizations, allowing for a comparison to be made across polymer backbone chemistries with respect to both siRNA and protein cellular internalization. A particularly effective methacrylate derived block copolymer was able to deliver siRNA to nearly an entire Jurkat T cell population.

The thiol-ene reaction was implemented initially within the context of improving material design for solid polymer electrolytes ...


Poly(Styrene)-B-Poly(Dimethylsiloxane)-B- Poly(Styrene)/Single Walled Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposites. Synthesis Of Triblock Copolymer And Nanocomposite Preparation, Ian Stubbs 2016 Clark Atlanta University

Poly(Styrene)-B-Poly(Dimethylsiloxane)-B- Poly(Styrene)/Single Walled Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposites. Synthesis Of Triblock Copolymer And Nanocomposite Preparation, Ian Stubbs

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

Molecular weights of 2,000, 6,000 and 10,000 of silane functionalized atactic polystyrene (aPS) and α,ω-divinyl functionalized polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) were prepared via living anionic polymerization and bulk anionic ring opening polymerization respectively. Functionalization of the homopolymers was confirmed by FT-IR and 1H-NMR spectroscopy and their molecular weights were determined via 1H-NMR end group analysis. A hydrosilylation reaction between the functionalized homopolymers of different molecular weights produced nine polystyrene-block-polydimethylsiloxane-block-polystyrene (aPS-b-PDMS-b-aPS) triblock copolymers. Field emission scanning electron microscopy observations revealed the copolymers self-assemble into supramolecular structures. Dynamic Light Scattering ...


Synthesis Of Metal-Containing Phosphines And Their Use In Coordination, Polymer, And Materials Chemistry, Amir Rabiee Kenaree 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Synthesis Of Metal-Containing Phosphines And Their Use In Coordination, Polymer, And Materials Chemistry, Amir Rabiee Kenaree

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis describes the investigation of a novel strategy for the synthesis of metal-containing small molecules, polymers, and nanomaterials. In this context, a new family of air-stable, homo- and heterometallic primary, secondary, and tertiary phosphines were prepared via the radical-initiated hydrophosphination reaction of PH3 with vinylferrocene and/or vinylruthenocene. The full characterization of the phosphines confirmed their targeted structures and proved that the properties of the starting metallocenes are reflected in those of the resulting phosphines.

To study the coordination behavior of this family of phosphines, primary, secondary, and tertiary ethylferrocene phosphines were reacted with Group 6 metal carbonyl ...


Synthesis Of Metal-Containing Polymers And Stable Organic Radical-Containing Polymers And Their Use As Advanced Functional Materials, Joseph A. Paquette 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Synthesis Of Metal-Containing Polymers And Stable Organic Radical-Containing Polymers And Their Use As Advanced Functional Materials, Joseph A. Paquette

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The work presented in this thesis details the synthesis and characterization of two different families of multifunctional polymers. The first family involved the incorporation of stable 6-oxoverdazyl radicals into polymer scaffolds. This was originally achieved by the polymerization of the radical precursors, phenyl- and isopropyl-6-oxotetrazanes, followed by post-polymerization oxidation to afford the phenyl- and isopropyl-6-oxoverdazyl polymers. A second methodology involved the direct polymerization of isopropyl-6-oxoverdazyl radicals using ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) to afford polymers with controlled molecular weights and narrow molecular weight distributions. The polymers were characterized by the close comparison of the physical and spectroscopic properties ...


Diazonium 4-(Trifluorovinyloxy) Perfluorobutanesulfonyl Benzenesulfonimide Zwitterionic Monomer Synthesis, Isaac D. Addo 2016 East Tennessee State University

Diazonium 4-(Trifluorovinyloxy) Perfluorobutanesulfonyl Benzenesulfonimide Zwitterionic Monomer Synthesis, Isaac D. Addo

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

3-Diazonium- 4-(trifluorovinyloxy) - perfluorobutanesulfonyl benzenesulfonimide zwitterionic monomer (see figure 1) is proposed to be polymerized and further act as a new electrolyte for Polymer exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). One reason is that, the aromatic trifluorovinyl aryl ether (TFVE) group can easily be homopolymerized to aromatic perfluorocyclobutane (PFCB) polymer. Furthermore, the diazonium moiety in the monomer is expected to covalently attach the electrolyte to the carbon electrodes support. The perfluoroalkyl(aryl) sulfonimide (PFSI) pendant provides good chemical and mechanical stability as well as better proton conductivity. Several multi-step synthetic schemes are designed to obtain such monomer from perfluoroalkyl(aryl) sulfonimide ...


Structure-Property Relationships Of Polyisobutylene-Block-Polyamide Thermoplastic Elastomers, Morgan Dunn Heskett 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Structure-Property Relationships Of Polyisobutylene-Block-Polyamide Thermoplastic Elastomers, Morgan Dunn Heskett

Master's Theses

Thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs) are a class of polymer fit for a wide variety of applications due to their customizability. In the synthesis of these types of materials, an elastically-performing polymer, deemed the “soft block,” is combined with a stiffer “hard block” polymer, each of which can be selected based on their own specific properties in order to achieve desired material behavior in the final copolymer. Recently, the use of polyisobutylene as a soft block in combination with a polyamide hard block has been investigated for use in TPE synthesis. While the material showed some promising behavior, many properties were still ...


Chemistry Of Chromium Oxyfluorides And Group Vib Perfluoroglutarates, Bruce Michael Johnson 2016 Portland State University

Chemistry Of Chromium Oxyfluorides And Group Vib Perfluoroglutarates, Bruce Michael Johnson

Michael Johnson

Pure chromium oxide trifluoride was prepared for the first time by reaction of CrO3 and ClF with subsequent multiple fluorine treatments at 120°c. On the basis of its infrared spectrum, the purple CrOF3 was assigned as a fluorine-bridged polymer with terminal oxygen groups. Chromium oxide trifluoride was found to be stable to 300°c, where it decomposes with the loss of oxygen to CrF3.


Chemistry Of Chromium Oxyfluorides And Group Vib Perfluoroglutarates, Bruce Michael Johnson 2016 Portland State University

Chemistry Of Chromium Oxyfluorides And Group Vib Perfluoroglutarates, Bruce Michael Johnson

Michael Johnson

Pure chromium oxide trifluoride was prepared for the first time by reaction of CrO3 and ClF with subsequent multiple fluorine treatments at 120°c. On the basis of its infrared spectrum, the purple CrOF3 was assigned as a fluorine-bridged polymer with terminal oxygen groups. Chromium oxide trifluoride was found to be stable to 300°c, where it decomposes with the loss of oxygen to CrF3.


Synthesis And Characterization Of Novel Polyurethanes And Polyimides, Kenneth Kull 2016 University of South Florida

Synthesis And Characterization Of Novel Polyurethanes And Polyimides, Kenneth Kull

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Four novel high performance soft thermoplastic polyurethane elastomers utilizing methylene bis(4-cyclohexylisocyanate) as a hard segment, 1,4 butanediol as a chain extender and modified low crystallinity carbonate copolymer as a soft segment were synthesized. The samples were characterized by infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), tensile, elongation, hardness, abrasion resistance and atomic force microscopy (AFM). SAXS data shows evidence of an interdomain "center-to-center" distance of 45Å. DSC traces show evidence of one glass transition temperature and a weak melting region. DMA analysis reveals a low temperature secondary relaxation and the glass to rubber transition followed by a rubbery plateau. All samples demonstrated ...


Recent Approaches In Designing Bioadhesive Materials Inspired By Mussel Adhesive Protein, Pegah Kord Forooshani, Bruce P. Lee 2016 Michigan Technological University

Recent Approaches In Designing Bioadhesive Materials Inspired By Mussel Adhesive Protein, Pegah Kord Forooshani, Bruce P. Lee

Department of Biomedical Engineering Publications

Marine mussels secret protein-based adhesives, which enable them to anchor to various surfaces in a saline, intertidal zone. Mussel foot proteins (Mfps) contain a large abundance of a unique, catecholic amino acid, Dopa, in their protein sequences. Catechol offers robust and durable adhe-sion to various substrate surfaces and contributes to the curing of the adhesive plaques. In this article, we review the unique features and the key functionalities of Mfps, catechol chemistry, and strategies for preparing catechol-functionalized poly- mers. Specifically, we reviewed recent findings on the contributions of various features of Mfps on interfacial binding, which include coacervate formation, surface ...


Effect Of Surface Treatment On Liquid Adhesion Inside 3-D Structures, Madani A. Khan, Jeffrey Alston, Andrew Guenthner, Jacob Zavala 2016 The City College of New York

Effect Of Surface Treatment On Liquid Adhesion Inside 3-D Structures, Madani A. Khan, Jeffrey Alston, Andrew Guenthner, Jacob Zavala

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

This study explores the relationship between chemical surface treatments on the interior of glass tubes and their resistance to fluid flow. By treating the interior of the tubes with functional silanes we can decrease or increase the interaction of the tube walls with the fluid column, which translates to changes in fluid column height for a given pressure differential. Resistance to fluid flow is quantified by using the tubes as integral parts of a barometric pressure column and measuring the changes in column height as the fluid is pulled into the tube by a set pressure differential. The barometric pressure ...


Characterization Of S-Swcnt/Pf-Pd Dispersions And Networks, Tamara N. El-Hayek Ms., Jeffrey Blackburn, Andrew Ferguson, Tammy Pheuphong 2016 California State University, San Marcos

Characterization Of S-Swcnt/Pf-Pd Dispersions And Networks, Tamara N. El-Hayek Ms., Jeffrey Blackburn, Andrew Ferguson, Tammy Pheuphong

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (SWCNTs) are being investigated for their use in a wide variety of renewable energy applications. Their unique physical properties contribute to desirable traits such as a high carrier mobility, strong optical absorption and tunable electronic band gap. Unfortunately, due to variability in certain parameters, SWCNTs are limited in their application. The major drawback is that SWCNTs are variable in size and type and typical synthetic methods are not selective. As a result, selective methods must be developed in order to sort these tubes and extract those which are desirable for a particular application. Though there are several ...


Synthesis And Application Of Polymer Brush-Grafted Nanoparticles As Hydrogel Gelators And Lubricant Additives, Roger Anthony Emory Wright 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Synthesis And Application Of Polymer Brush-Grafted Nanoparticles As Hydrogel Gelators And Lubricant Additives, Roger Anthony Emory Wright

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation describes the synthesis of polymer brush-grafted nanoparticles (hairy NPs) and an analysis of their behavior or utility in multiple areas. The hairy NPs were synthesized from silica NPs functionalized with initiating moieties by surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization. A brief introduction to hairy NPs, with a focus on the synthesis and behavior of stimuli-responsive polymer brush-grafted particles, is given in Chapter 1 to provide context for this work.

Chapters 2 and 3 present the synthesis of thermosensitive diblock copolymer brush-grafted nanoparticles designed as hairy NP analogues in place of thermosensitive block copolymers micelles for the construction of hybrid ...


Calculating The Energy Barriers Required To Join Metal-Organic Framework Synthesis Intermediates With Non-Equilibrium Molecular Simulation, Marcus A. Tubbs, David Cantu, Roger Rousseau, Vassiliki-Alexandra Glezakou 2016 CSULB

Calculating The Energy Barriers Required To Join Metal-Organic Framework Synthesis Intermediates With Non-Equilibrium Molecular Simulation, Marcus A. Tubbs, David Cantu, Roger Rousseau, Vassiliki-Alexandra Glezakou

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

Metal organic frameworks are synthetic porous materials with great capacity for adsorption of carbon dioxide and methane. They chemically appear as a chain-link fence with nodes of metal connected by organic linkers. The pores between the nodes define the characteristics of the material, allowing gas particles of specific size to pass through while blocking larger particulates. While there has been success in synthesizing small amounts of metal organic frameworks, the mechanistic details behind their assembly remain unknown. Understanding the synthesis mechanism is necessary to understand the kinetics involved and be able to produce this useful material on an industrial scale ...


Hybrid Micellar Network Hydrogels Of Thermosensitive Hydrophilic Triblock Copolymers And Thermosensitive Hairy Nanoparticles, Bin Hu 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Hybrid Micellar Network Hydrogels Of Thermosensitive Hydrophilic Triblock Copolymers And Thermosensitive Hairy Nanoparticles, Bin Hu

Doctoral Dissertations

Hybrid micellar network hydrogels, composed of thermosensitive hydrophilic triblock copolymers and thermosensitive polymer brush-grafted nanoparticles (hairy NPs), exhibit intriguing rheological properties. This dissertation work studies thermosensitive hybrid hydrogels with NPs positioned either inside or outside the core of block copolymer micelles.

Chapter 1 is an introduction. Chapter 2 examines the effect of NP’s location on properties of hybrid hydrogels of a thermosensitive ABA triblock copolymer and hairy NPs. Two batches of thermoresponsive polymer brush-grafted silica NPs and an ABA triblock copolymer with thermosensitive outer blocks were prepared. When the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of hairy NPs was similar ...


Directed Self-Assembly Of Block Copolymer, No1, Hiromichi Yamamoto 2016 Singh Center

Directed Self-Assembly Of Block Copolymer, No1, Hiromichi Yamamoto

Protocols and Reports

The PS-rich and neutral PS-b-PMMA block copolymer (BCP) films were spin coated on the neutral random copolymer hydroxyl-terminated PS-r-PMMA layers grafted on the native oxide and 50 nm thick PECVD amorphous silicon oxide layers. Relationship between the grafting density of BCP and surface density of hydroxyl moiety on silicon oxide is discussed. Furthermore, optimization of annealing BCP films is reported, and wetted and de-wetted BCP films are shown in optical microscope images. In addition, finger print and nanopore structures of BCP films are also indicated in SEM images.


Synthesis And Characterization Of New Multifunctional Initiators For Anionic Polymerization And The Use Of Poly(4-Hydroxystyrene) As A Template For New Polymers, Christopher Michael Hurley 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Synthesis And Characterization Of New Multifunctional Initiators For Anionic Polymerization And The Use Of Poly(4-Hydroxystyrene) As A Template For New Polymers, Christopher Michael Hurley

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation explores the synthesis and use of multifunctional anionic polymerization initiators for the purpose of opening the gateway to the synthesis of polymer architectures of greater complexity. First the multifunctional oxyanion initiator generated by reacting poly(4-hydroxystyrene) with sodium hydride was used to synthesize a previously unknown polymer containing an aryl halide functional group. The homopolymer solution self-assembly behavior of poly(4-hydroxystyrene) and the newly synthesized poly (4-bromo-phenyloxystyrene) were both investigated. This is followed by the synthesis and characterization of multifunctional alkyne core molecules and random copolymers of polystyrene-co-poly(4-hydroxystyrene) which served as templates for the synthesis of new ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress