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Correlation Of Polymer Performance And Hansen Solubility Parameters, Daniel Jobse Mania 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Correlation Of Polymer Performance And Hansen Solubility Parameters, Daniel Jobse Mania

Master's Theses

Ready-to-use (RTU) grout is becoming more important to the finish and remodeling construction industry. Market research shows it is a fast-growing product that not only is creating its own space, but is beginning to supplant existing technology.

The original intent of this research was to investigate formulation parameters and how they affect grout performance. It was learned that particle size and oil absorption (OA) value are important filler properties that affect performance as much as adequate packing density and optimal pigment volume concentration (PVC) without going beyond critical PVC (CPVC).

Polymer architecture was also determined to be extremely important, but ...


Measuring Accuracy Of Two 3d Printing Materials, Mudassir Ali 2016 Bowling Green State University

Measuring Accuracy Of Two 3d Printing Materials, Mudassir Ali

Master of Technology Management Plan II Graduate Projects

Part accuracy is one of the important aspect in the manufacturing industry. The overall inaccuracy of the parts being built by RP technology has been one of the major challenges that need to be overcome. Though all the printing materials come with specifications, but the suppliers and manufactures does not specify the accuracy of the materials. In this study we established a study which compares the accuracy of the materials in consideration and performed an experiment to establish the superiority of a material in terms of accuracy over each other. The purpose of this project was to compare the dimensional ...


Synthesis Of Microgel Polymers As Catalysts, Hannah N. Miller 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Synthesis Of Microgel Polymers As Catalysts, Hannah N. Miller

Chemistry & Biochemistry Undergraduate Honors Theses

New developments in organic synthesis show promise in achieving the best catalytic properties for the hydrolysis of glycosidic bonds through microgel polymers and transition metal complexes. A monomer mix of ethylene glycol dimethacrylate, butyl acrylate, and styrene form miniemulsion polymers after sonication and exposure to UV light. Gravimetrical analysis is used to determine the most suitable polymerization conditions by performing experiments at varying pH values, temperatures, monomer amounts, initiator amounts, and lamp heights. The final data show that the best polymerization conditions are a pH of 10.50 at 0°C with a high monomer ratio, 20% initiator amount, and ...


Synthesis Of Two Monomers For Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (Pemfcs), Abdulmajeed A. Alayyaf 2016 East Tennessee State Universtiy

Synthesis Of Two Monomers For Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (Pemfcs), Abdulmajeed A. Alayyaf

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The overall goal of this research is to synthesize two different monomers for proton exchange membrane (PEM) Fuel Cells. Such monomers are proposed to be polymerized to improve the efficiency and compatibility of electrodes and electrolytes in PEM fuel cells.

The first target is to synthesize 4-diazonium-3-fluoro PFSI zwitterionic monomer. Three steps were carried out in the lab. First one was the ammonolysis of 3-fluoro-4-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride. Second reaction was the bromination of Nafion monomer. The next coupling reaction, between brominated Nafion monomer and the 3-fluoro-4-nitrobenzenesulfonamide, was failed. The obstacles involve the harsh reaction condition and troublesome purification procedure.

The second ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Interpenetrating Polymer Networks For Applications In Extraterrestrial Radiation Shielding, Josiah Arevalo Hammack 2016 College of William and Mary

Synthesis And Characterization Of Interpenetrating Polymer Networks For Applications In Extraterrestrial Radiation Shielding, Josiah Arevalo Hammack

College of William & Mary Undergraduate Honors Theses

During interplanetary voyages spacecraft are exposed to a variety of ionizing radiations, including high intensity electromagnetic radiation and galactic cosmic rays, creating conditions that are harmful to both instrumentation and human passengers. Current shielding methods offer a degree of protection, but they are not suitable for long term missions or for habitation on extraterrestrial environments, and traditional terrestrial shields are too heavy to be carried on these missions. Organic polymers offer a versatile, lightweight solution to many of the difficulties in shielding, however they also present difficulties establishing a sufficiently high hydrogen content while maintaining high mechanical and thermal stability ...


The Effect Of Ethanol, Methanol, And Water On The Hydrolytic Degradation Of Polyamide-11, Patrick Smith 2016 College of William and Mary

The Effect Of Ethanol, Methanol, And Water On The Hydrolytic Degradation Of Polyamide-11, Patrick Smith

College of William & Mary Undergraduate Honors Theses

Polyamide 11 (PA11) is commonly used in offshore oil pipelines due to its excellent mechanical properties and chemical resistance. However, PA11 is prone to hydrolysis which is known to significantly reduce the lifetime of these pipelines. This paper explores the effect of ethanol and methanol, two alcohols that are commonly used to prevent the formation of ice-like blockages in the pipeline, on the hydrolytic degradation of PA11. No significant differences in crystallinity were observed between the different test environments. However, PA11 aged in EtOH showed the lowest amount of hydrolytic degradation when compared to PA11 aged in MeOH or pure ...


Synthesis And Performance Analysis Of Polyurethane Foam Nanocomposite For Arsenic Removal From Drinking Water, Faten Hussein Hussein 2016 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Synthesis And Performance Analysis Of Polyurethane Foam Nanocomposite For Arsenic Removal From Drinking Water, Faten Hussein Hussein

Theses and Dissertations

Water contamination by various heavy metal pollutants such as, Lead, Arsenic, Cadmium, and Mercury, have severe toxic effects on living organisms and humans. High concentrations of arsenic in drinking water cause serious damage to the central and peripheral nervous systems, as well as, the dermal, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and respiratory systems. Arsenic contamination of ground water poses a substantial concern in many countries throughout the world, including the United States.

Considerable research work, aimed at finding and developing various separation and treatment techniques, has been conducted over the past few decades. The conventional treatment methods of arsenic involve coagulation with ferric ...


Improving And Understanding Inter-Filament Bonding In 3d-Printed Polymers, Madeline S. Stark 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Improving And Understanding Inter-Filament Bonding In 3d-Printed Polymers, Madeline S. Stark

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Functionalizing Β-Cyano Oligo(P-Phenylene Vinylene) Chromophores For Use In Mechanochromic Materials, Alexander J. Wink 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

Functionalizing Β-Cyano Oligo(P-Phenylene Vinylene) Chromophores For Use In Mechanochromic Materials, Alexander J. Wink

Honors Theses

Mechanochromic materials are materials that change color upon mechanical deformation. This concept can be applied in areas of quality control, since the knowledge of damaged parts will easily be detected due to a color change in the material that has undergone deformation. Typically these types of materials are enabled by employing functional small molecules. Often, these are conjugated organic molecules or chromophores, which fluoresce different colors determined by the stimulus (or lack thereof) acting upon the material. In this work, we explore a new avenue to elicit color changes in polymeric materials based on the process of restriction of intramolecular ...


The Effect Of Acrylic Acid On Ring Formation In Polyacrylonitrile, Elisha Cade Willis 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

The Effect Of Acrylic Acid On Ring Formation In Polyacrylonitrile, Elisha Cade Willis

Honors Theses

The addition of comonomers into carbon fiber precursor, polyacrylonitrile (PAN), has shown to have effects on the extent of stabilization and thermal behavior.1 Acrylic Acid (AA) was added at varying initial apparent weight percent and added via semibatch reaction to copolymerize with acrylonitrile to form carbon fiber precursor. Accompanying batch reactions were synthesized for comparison. Degradation was found to be greater in the semibatch reactions although overall was comparable to the batch reactions. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) confirmed the addition of higher concentrations of AA into the reaction resulted in a less intense exotherm upon cyclization, along with a ...


Synthesis Of Acceptors For Use In Donor-Acceptor Copolymers And Characterization Of These Polymers, William D. Walker 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

Synthesis Of Acceptors For Use In Donor-Acceptor Copolymers And Characterization Of These Polymers, William D. Walker

Honors Theses

In this thesis, a selenium-derivatized acceptor was synthesized to examine the heavy atom effects of selenium on the position of the frontier molecular orbitals (HOMO/LUMO band gap) as opposed to sulfur in a donor-acceptor copolymer for use in light harvesting and detection applications. Over the course of this research, standard operating protocols for ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis-NIR) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopies, as well as cyclic voltammetry (CV) characterization techniques were established. Once synthesized, the polymers were characterized through use of the established characterization protocols. The selenium-derivatized polymer exhibited a bathochromic shift compared to the sulfur analogue, with a solid-state ...


Using Intrinsic Properties Of Polyaniline To Sense Expression Of The Microrna Let-7, Jared N. Gloria 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

Using Intrinsic Properties Of Polyaniline To Sense Expression Of The Microrna Let-7, Jared N. Gloria

Honors Theses

MicroRNAs are approximately 22-nucleotide long RNA molecules that function through decay and translational repression of messenger RNA. The microRNA let-7 is found to play a role in maintaining the fate of differentiated cells in humans. Thus, expression level of this microRNA is a reliable biomarker of tumor cell phenotype. However, there are significant limitations in the current profiling techniques of microRNA. The current methods like northern blotting, microarrays, RT-PCR, or using locked nucleic acid (LNA) for in-situ hybridization are either laborious, semi-quantitative, or expensive. In this research we try to address this issue by developing a fast, specific, and inexpensive ...


Development Of Functional Nanoceria For Targeted Imaging And Treatment Of Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer, Shoukath Sulthana 2016 Pittsburg State University

Development Of Functional Nanoceria For Targeted Imaging And Treatment Of Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer, Shoukath Sulthana

Electronic Thesis Collection

Significant progression of lung cancer towards death is a major concern in today’s world. Among all other lung cancers, K-RAS driven Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) represents major cause of death amongst smokers. However, absence of specificity, multi drug resistance (MDR) and severe side effects often impose serious limitations to the existing therapies. Therefore, development of new and more effective therapies remains essential and challenging. Recently, nanotechnology has introduced novel avenues for the diagnosis and personalized treatment options for cancer. Among many nanomaterials, cerium oxide nanoparticles (nanoceria, NC) are considered as excellent material due to their unique redox property and ...


Energy Management Mechanisms Employed At The Human-Material Interface Of Traditional And Minimalist Shod Running, Nadine M. Lippa 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Energy Management Mechanisms Employed At The Human-Material Interface Of Traditional And Minimalist Shod Running, Nadine M. Lippa

Dissertations

From recreational to elite athletes, greater than 50% of runners sustain overuse injuries each year, prompting substantial research efforts to identify causes of—and solutions to—the high injury rate. Different shoe types and material property degradation have been related to injury. Two popular footwear types are traditional shoes with thick graded soles and minimalist running footwear with thinner foam and/or non-graded soles. Notwithstanding 45 years of significant modifications to shoe design features, gained knowledge in kinesiology, and advanced technologies in polymer science, runner injury rates have not decreased and EVA foam has remained the primary running shoe midsole ...


Curing Of Polymer Thermosets Via Click Reactions, Mark Richard Brei 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Curing Of Polymer Thermosets Via Click Reactions, Mark Richard Brei

Dissertations

In the first project, an azide functional resin and tetra propargyl aromatic diamines were fabricated for use as a composite matrix. These systems take already established epoxy/amine matrices and functionalize them with click moieties. This allows lower temperatures to be used in the production of a thermoset part. These new systems yield many better mechanical properties than their epoxy/amine derivatives, but their Tgs are low in comparison.

The second project investigates the characterization of a linear system based off of the above azide functional resin and a difunctional alkyne. Through selectively choosing catalyst the linear system ...


Novel Non-Halogenated Flame Retardant Compounds, Austin Bailey, Charles J. Neef, Time Dawsey 2016 Pittsburg State University

Novel Non-Halogenated Flame Retardant Compounds, Austin Bailey, Charles J. Neef, Time Dawsey

Poster Presentations

Two different boron compounds, bis(tetramethylammonium) decaborate, TMAD, and bis (tetrabutylammonium) decaborate, TBAD were studied as potential replacements for halogenated flame retardants. Current commercially available, halogenated flame retardants are not environmentally friendly and release strong acids upon burning. TMAD and TBAD were combined with triphenylphosphine oxide and cast in polyurethane films at varying levels. These samples were then cut into strips and burned in a UL-94 flame chamber. These samples were also tested via TGA for degradation temperature. These varying levels were tested via several Design of Experiments constructed within Minitab software. Results thus far have shown the potential for ...


Transient Biocompatible Polymeric Platforms For Long-Term Controlled Release Of Therapeutic Proteins And Vaccines, Handan Acar, Saikat Banerjee, Heliang Shi, Reihaneh Jamshidi, Nastaran Hashemi, Michael W. Cho, Reza Montazami 2016 Iowa State University

Transient Biocompatible Polymeric Platforms For Long-Term Controlled Release Of Therapeutic Proteins And Vaccines, Handan Acar, Saikat Banerjee, Heliang Shi, Reihaneh Jamshidi, Nastaran Hashemi, Michael W. Cho, Reza Montazami

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Polymer-based interpenetrating networks (IPNs) with controllable and programmable degradation and release kinetics enable unique opportunities for physisorption and controlled release of therapeutic proteins or vaccines while their chemical and structural integrities are conserved. This paper presents materials, a simple preparation method, and release kinetics of a series of long-term programmable, biocompatible, and biodegradable polymer-based IPN controlled release platforms. Release kinetics of the gp41 protein was controlled over a 30-day period via tuning and altering the chemical structure of the IPN platforms. Post-release analysis confirmed structural conservation of the gp41 protein throughout the process. Cell viability assay confirmed biocompatibility and non-cytotoxicity ...


Modified Yttrium Hydroxide/Mc Nylon Nanocomposites And Scaling Effects In Multilayer Polyethylene Films, Jia Chen 2016 University of South Florida

Modified Yttrium Hydroxide/Mc Nylon Nanocomposites And Scaling Effects In Multilayer Polyethylene Films, Jia Chen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis, monomer casting (MC) nylon was synthesized. MC nylon could replace nonferrous metals in certain applications, including gears, wheels, and other moving parts. However, compared with metals, MC nylon products have poor strength and stiffness, and crack easily, especially at low temperatures. In addition, the dimensional stability of MC nylon is poor, especially in the large casting nylon products, causing significant internal stresses due to shrinkage. Thus, MC nylon cracks easily when cast and molded. The yttrium hydroxide particles were modified by stearic acid and dispersed in the caprolactam. The polymerization time was short due to fast anionic ...


Toward High Performance Nanocarbon Fibers, Michaela R. Pfau 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Toward High Performance Nanocarbon Fibers, Michaela R. Pfau

Master's Theses and Project Reports

High performance carbon fibers (CFs) have been a commercially available since their commercial boom in the 1970s, and are generally produced via carbonization of poly (acrylonitrile) (PAN). More recently, carbon nanomaterials like graphene and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been discovered and have shown excellent mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties due to their sp2 carbon repeating structure. Graphene and CNTs can both be organized into macroscopic fibers using a number of different techniques, resulting in fibers with promising mechanical performance that can be readily multifunctionalized. In some cases, the two materials have been combined, and the resulting hybrid fibers have ...


Purification Of Synthetic Oligonucleotides, Shiyue Feng 2016 Michigan Technological University

Purification Of Synthetic Oligonucleotides, Shiyue Feng

Michigan Tech Patents

This invention provides a method for purifying synthetic oligonucleotides comprising capping, polymerizing and separating any failure sequences produced during oligonucleotide synthesis. The invention also provides a method for purifying synthetic oligonucleotides comprising reacting a full length oligonucleotide with a compound to attach a polymerizable functional group to an end of the full length oligonucleotide, polymerizing the full length oligonucleotides and removing the failure sequences, and recovering the full length oligonucleotides. The invention also provides novel capping agents having a polymerizable functional group, and kits comprising at least one composition of the present invention.


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