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Full-Text Articles in Chemistry

Archean Phosphorus Liberation Induced By Iron Redox Geochemistry, Barry Herschy, Sae Jung Chang, Ruth Blake, Aivo Lepland, Heather Abbott-Lyon, Jacqueline Sampson, Zachary Atlas, Terence P. Kee, Matthew A. Pasek Sep 2018

Archean Phosphorus Liberation Induced By Iron Redox Geochemistry, Barry Herschy, Sae Jung Chang, Ruth Blake, Aivo Lepland, Heather Abbott-Lyon, Jacqueline Sampson, Zachary Atlas, Terence P. Kee, Matthew A. Pasek

Faculty Publications

The element phosphorus (P) is central to ecosystem growth and is proposed to be a limiting nutrient for life. The Archean ocean may have been strongly phosphorus-limited due to the selective binding of phosphate to iron oxyhydroxide. Here we report a new route to solubilizing phosphorus in the ancient oceans: reduction of phosphate to phosphite by iron(II) at low (<200 >°C) diagenetic temperatures. Reduction of phosphate to phosphite was likely widespread in the Archean, as the reaction occurs rapidly and is demonstrated from thermochemical modeling, experimental analogs, and detection of phosphite in early Archean rocks. We further demonstrate that the ...


Characterization And Quantification Of Covalent Modification Of Proteins Using Mass Spectrometry, Pratikkumar N. Rathod Sep 2018

Characterization And Quantification Of Covalent Modification Of Proteins Using Mass Spectrometry, Pratikkumar N. Rathod

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Identification and characterization of various post-translational modifications of protein is a key to understanding many unknown cellular processes. In the last few decades, mass spectrometry has evolved as an essential and effective analytical tool for qualitative and quantitative analysis of proteins. In this research, we have developed a novel MALDI-MS2 based quantification method for Desmosine and Isodesmosine, which served as cross-linking amino acids of elastin, in order to measure the elastin degradation in the body. This is the first quantification method that not only illustrates the potential of MALDI-Ion Trap MS2, but also improvement over the current LC-MS ...


Nmr Characterizations Of Candidate Battery Electrolytes, Stephen A. Munoz Sep 2018

Nmr Characterizations Of Candidate Battery Electrolytes, Stephen A. Munoz

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Enormous strides have been made in next-generation power sources to build a more sustainable society. Energy storage has become a limiting factor in our progress, and there are huge environmental and financial incentives to find the next step forward in battery technology. This work discusses NMR methods for characterizing materials for use in battery application, with a special focus on relaxometry and diffusometry. Examples are provided of various recent investigations involving novel candidate electrolyte materials with different collaborators. Works discussed in this thesis include: the characterization of a new disruptive solid polymer electrolyte technology, investigations of the dynamics of super ...


Determination Of Polar Solvents By Static Headspace Extraction – Gas Chromatography (She-Gc), Michael Sithersingh Aug 2018

Determination Of Polar Solvents By Static Headspace Extraction – Gas Chromatography (She-Gc), Michael Sithersingh

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

ABSTRACT

The term “headspace” is defined as the vapor that forms above or around a liquid or solid sample in a closed container. Usually, the vapor is above the liquid or solid at the top of the container, hence the term headspace. Headspace sampling is a method for separating volatile materials that may be extracted from a more solid sample matrix and then analyzed using gas chromatography. Headspace extraction refers to the collection and analysis of the vapor phase in the container. The Static Headspace Extraction – Gas Chromatography (SHE-GC) technique has been used since the early days of Gas Chromatography ...


Theoretical Study Of Structure And Reactions Of Metalated Oximes And Oxime Ethers, Rainer Glaser, Andrew J. Streitwieser Aug 2018

Theoretical Study Of Structure And Reactions Of Metalated Oximes And Oxime Ethers, Rainer Glaser, Andrew J. Streitwieser

Rainer Glaser

The potential energy surfaces of acetaldoxime carbanion and its ion pairs formed with lithium and sodium cations ions have been explored with ab initio methods to model and study the regiochemistry of metalated oxime ethers. Planar structures of the carbanions produced by deprotonating acetaldoxime are minima on the potential energy surface. The syn-isomer is 2.6 Kcal/mole more stable than the anti. This difference is not a manifestation of cyclic conjugation but more likely is a result of electrostatic effects. Two chiral and almost isoenergetic minima have been located for the ion pairs formed by either of the isomeric ...


Symmetrically H-Bridged Dimer Of 2-Carboxylatobenzenediazonium. The 1:1 Complex Between 2-Carboxybenzenediazonium Chloride And Benzenediazonium-2-Carboxylate, Christopher J. Horan, Paul E. Haney, Charles Leslie Barnes, Rainer Glaser Aug 2018

Symmetrically H-Bridged Dimer Of 2-Carboxylatobenzenediazonium. The 1:1 Complex Between 2-Carboxybenzenediazonium Chloride And Benzenediazonium-2-Carboxylate, Christopher J. Horan, Paul E. Haney, Charles Leslie Barnes, Rainer Glaser

Rainer Glaser

The two zwitterions in the H-bridged dimer of 2-carboxylatobenzenediazonim (1) are linked by a crystallographically symmetric O⋯Hctdot;O hydrogen bond with an O⋯O distance of 2.436 (3) Å. Comparison of the (1) with the other benzenediazonium salts shows that the phenyl ring distortions in (1) are determined primarily by the diazonium substituent with only modest additional effects by the carboxylato group. Intramolecular neighboring goup interactions between the N2 group and the orthoCOO(H) group are indicated and are discussed. The terminal N atom of the diazonium group is bent away from the neighboring carboxylato group ...


Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons With Aliphatic Sidegroups: Intensity Scaling For The C-H Stretching Modes And Astrophysical Implications, Xuejuan Yang, Aigen Li, Rainer Glaser, Jianxin Zhong Aug 2018

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons With Aliphatic Sidegroups: Intensity Scaling For The C-H Stretching Modes And Astrophysical Implications, Xuejuan Yang, Aigen Li, Rainer Glaser, Jianxin Zhong

Rainer Glaser

The so-called unidentified infrared emission (UIE) features at 3.3, 6.2, 7.7, 8.6, and 11.3 μm ubiquitously seen in a wide variety of astrophysical regions are generally attributed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) molecules. Astronomical PAHs may have an aliphatic component, as revealed by the detection in many UIE sources of the aliphatic C-H stretching feature at 3.4 mm. The ratio of the observed intensity of the 3.4 mm feature to that of the 3.3 μm aromatic C-H feature allows one to estimate the aliphatic fraction of the UIE carriers. This requires knowledge ...


Planarity Of Para Hexaphenyl, Suchismita Guha, Wilhelm Graupner, Roland Resel, Meera Chandrasekhar, H. R. Chandrasekhar, Rainer Glaser, Günther Leising Aug 2018

Planarity Of Para Hexaphenyl, Suchismita Guha, Wilhelm Graupner, Roland Resel, Meera Chandrasekhar, H. R. Chandrasekhar, Rainer Glaser, Günther Leising

Rainer Glaser

We present experimental and theoretical findings on the geometry of polycrystalline para hexaphenyl via Raman scattering. The planarity of the molecule is affected by hydrostatic pressure and temperature. Our studies indicate that the potential energy curve which governs the torsional motion between neighboring phenyl rings is "W" shaped. We determine the activation energy to promote the molecule from a nonplanar to a planar state to be 0.04 eV, in good agreement with our quantum chemical calculations. From the relative intensities of the 1280cm-1 to the 1220cm-1 Raman modes we show that high pressure planarizes the molecules, modifying ...


Ammonia Elimination From Protonated Nucleobases And Related Synthetic Substrates, Ming Qian, Shuo Yang, Hong Wu, Papiya S. Majumdar, Nathan D. Leigh, Rainer Glaser Aug 2018

Ammonia Elimination From Protonated Nucleobases And Related Synthetic Substrates, Ming Qian, Shuo Yang, Hong Wu, Papiya S. Majumdar, Nathan D. Leigh, Rainer Glaser

Rainer Glaser

The results are reported of mass-spectrometric studies of the nucleobases adenine 1h (1, R = H), guanine 2h, and cytosine 3h. The protonated nucleobases are generated by electrospray ionization of adenosine 1r (1, R = ribose), guanosine 2r, and deoxycytidine 3d (3, R = deoxyribose) and their fragmentations were studied with tandem mass spectrometry. In contrast to previous EI-MS studies of the nucleobases, NH3 elimination does present a major path for the fragmentations of the ions [1h + H]+, [2h + H]+, and [3h + H]+. The ion [2h + H - NH3]+ also was generated from the acyclic precursor 5-cyanoamino-4-oxomethylene-dihydroimidazole 13h and from the ...


4-Methoxybenzaldehyde Pentafluorophenyl-Methylidenehydrazone, Michael A. Lewis, Charles Leslie Barnes, Bruce A. Hathaway, Rainer Glaser Aug 2018

4-Methoxybenzaldehyde Pentafluorophenyl-Methylidenehydrazone, Michael A. Lewis, Charles Leslie Barnes, Bruce A. Hathaway, Rainer Glaser

Rainer Glaser

The crystal structure of the mixed azine C15H9F5N2O is described. The molecule has a high degree of planarity. The two phenyl rings deviate from perfect planarity by less than 2° and the dihedral angles between the ipso-C atoms and the azine bridge also show a minute deviation from planarity of less than 2°. The only dihedral angle that indicates any significant twisting is the dihedral angle about the azine bridge [C1-N1-N2-C8 174.8 (6)°], and even this one is relatively small. Face-to-face arene-arene contacts are the dominant intermolecular interactions. There are ...


(±)-1-Methyl-1,3,6-Triphenyl-7-(2-Phenylpropenyl)-1, 2-Dihydronaphthalene, Yongqiang Sui, Charles Leslie Barnes, Rainer Glaser Aug 2018

(±)-1-Methyl-1,3,6-Triphenyl-7-(2-Phenylpropenyl)-1, 2-Dihydronaphthalene, Yongqiang Sui, Charles Leslie Barnes, Rainer Glaser

Rainer Glaser

The crystal structure of the title compound, C38H32, presents a novel framework that combines the functionalities of a 1,6-diarene-substituted 1,2-dihydronaphthalene (DHN) with a 1,4-distyrylbenzene (DSB) to form a crossed bis-diarene. The lamellar crystal structure is held together by arene-arene interactions. While the orientations of the phenyl rings of the DSB units alternate within both the R and the S substructures, the homochiral substructures feature opposing polarity along the long axes of the DHN-based diarenes.


4-Chloroacetophenone [1-(4-Methoxyphenyl)Ethylidene]Hydrazone, Michael A. Lewis, Charles Leslie Barnes, Rainer Glaser Aug 2018

4-Chloroacetophenone [1-(4-Methoxyphenyl)Ethylidene]Hydrazone, Michael A. Lewis, Charles Leslie Barnes, Rainer Glaser

Rainer Glaser

The crystal structure of the title mixed azine, C17H17CIN2O, contains four independent molecules, A-D, and molecule B is disordered. All four molecules have an N-N gauche conformation, with C-N-N-C torsion angles of 136.5 (4), 137.0 (4), -134.7 (4) and -134.7 (4)°, respectively. The phenyl rings are also somewhat twisted with respect to the plane defined by Cipso and the imine bond. On average, the combined effect of these twists results in an angle of 64.7° between the best planes of the two phenyl rings. Arene-arene double T-contacts are ...


2-Carboxybenzenediazonium Chloride Monohydrate, Christopher J. Horan, Charles Leslie Barnes, Rainer Glaser Aug 2018

2-Carboxybenzenediazonium Chloride Monohydrate, Christopher J. Horan, Charles Leslie Barnes, Rainer Glaser

Rainer Glaser

C7H5N2O2 +.Cl-H2O, Mr = 202.60, monoclinic, C2c, a = 25.62(3), b = 4.964(2), c = 14.900 (14)Å, β = 107.15 (4)°, V = 1811 (3)Å3, Z = 8, Dx = 1.486 g cm-3, λ(Mo ) = 0.71073 Å, µ = 3.9 cm-1, F(000) = 832, T = 298 K, R = 0.035 for 1275 observed reflections. The terminal N atom of the diazonium group is bent away from the carboxyl group. The N2 and the carboxyl group are on opposite sides ...


Infra-Red Microwave Spectra, Overtones, Degeneracy And Thermal Populations All In One Diagram, Carl W. David Aug 2018

Infra-Red Microwave Spectra, Overtones, Degeneracy And Thermal Populations All In One Diagram, Carl W. David

Chemistry Education Materials

An old drawing, which had an error in it, is re-presented (corrected) for understanding the relationships in diatomic vibrational-rotational interactions at the introductory level.


Synthesis, Characterization, And Crystal Structure Of The (Η5-C5ph5)Cr(Co)3 Radical, Ray J. Hoobler, Marc A. Hutton, Mills M. Dillard, Michael Castellani, Arnold L. Rheingold, Anne L. Rieger, Philip H. Rieger, Thomas C. Richards, William E. Geiger Aug 2018

Synthesis, Characterization, And Crystal Structure Of The (Η5-C5ph5)Cr(Co)3 Radical, Ray J. Hoobler, Marc A. Hutton, Mills M. Dillard, Michael Castellani, Arnold L. Rheingold, Anne L. Rieger, Philip H. Rieger, Thomas C. Richards, William E. Geiger

Michael P. Castellani

The reaction between Cr(CO)6 and Na(C5Ph5 ) in refluxing diglyme yields [Na(diglyme)3/2][(C5Ph5)Cr(CO)3], 1. Metathesis of 1 with [Ph3P=N=PPh3 ]Cl in CH2Cl2 yields [Ph3P=N=PPh3][(C5Ph5)Cr(CO)3], 2. Oxidation of 1 by AgBF4 in cold THF under an argon atmosphere produces (C5Ph5)Cr(CO)3, 3. Complexes 2 and 3 form a redox pair connected by a quasireversible one-electron process, E0 = -0.69 V vs ...


Synthesis And X-Ray Crystal Structure Of [(C5ph5)Crcl(Μ-Cl)2tl]2: An Example Of The Rare M-X-Tli Linkage (X = Halide), K. Brian Davis, T. David Harris, Michael Castellani, James A. Golen, Arnold L. Rheingold Aug 2018

Synthesis And X-Ray Crystal Structure Of [(C5ph5)Crcl(Μ-Cl)2tl]2: An Example Of The Rare M-X-Tli Linkage (X = Halide), K. Brian Davis, T. David Harris, Michael Castellani, James A. Golen, Arnold L. Rheingold

Michael P. Castellani

Reaction of solid TlCl with [(C5Ph5)CrCl(m-Cl)]2 in CH2Cl2 solvent yields the monomeric complex (C5Ph5)CrCl(m-Cl)2Tl in 80% isolated yield. The C5H5 and C5Me5 analogues do not react with TlCl suggesting a steric basis for the reaction of the C5Ph5 material. An X-ray crystal structure of [(C5Ph5)CrCl(m-Cl)2Tl]2•2CH2Cl2 was obtained.


Substitution Reactions Of (C5ph5)Cr(Co)3: Structural, Electrochemical, And Spectroscopic Characterization Of (C5ph5)Cr(Co)2l, L = Pme3, Pme2ph, P(Ome)3, D. John Hammack, Mills M. Dillard, Michael Castellani, Arnold L. Rheingold, Anne L. Rieger, Philip H. Rieger Aug 2018

Substitution Reactions Of (C5ph5)Cr(Co)3: Structural, Electrochemical, And Spectroscopic Characterization Of (C5ph5)Cr(Co)2l, L = Pme3, Pme2ph, P(Ome)3, D. John Hammack, Mills M. Dillard, Michael Castellani, Arnold L. Rheingold, Anne L. Rieger, Philip H. Rieger

Michael P. Castellani

The radical complex (C5Ph5)Cr(CO)3 reacts with small, neutral, monodentate Lewis bases (PMe3, PMe2Ph, P(OMe)3) in THF at −78 °C (PMe2Ph reacts at ambient temperature) to yield the monomeric substitution products (C5Ph5)Cr(CO)2L·THF as thermally stable solids. Electrochemical and spectroscopic data are provided. An X-ray crystal structure of the hemisolvate (C5Ph5)Cr(CO)2PMe3·0.5THF was obtained. Frozen-solution ESR spectra of (C5Ph5)Cr(CO)2L in toluene are comparable to those ...


Immobilization Of Gold Nanoparticles On Nitrided Carbon Fiber Ultramicroelectrodes By Direct Reduction, George Affadu-Danful Aug 2018

Immobilization Of Gold Nanoparticles On Nitrided Carbon Fiber Ultramicroelectrodes By Direct Reduction, George Affadu-Danful

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Due to enhanced properties such as large surface area-to-volume ratio, metal nanoparticles are often employed as catalysts for various applications. However, most studies involving nanoparticle catalysts have been conducted on collections of particles rather than single nanoparticles. Results obtained for ensemble systems can be difficult to interpret due to variations in particle loading and interparticle distance, which are often challenging to control and characterize. In this study, two immobilization strategies for incorporating gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) on carbon fiber ultramicroelectrodes (UMEs) were compared with the goal of extending these techniques to nanoelectrodes for studies of single AuNPs. Both layer-by-layer deposition of ...


Comparing Laser Assisted Pulling And Chemical Vapor Deposition Methods In The Fabrication Of Carbon Ultramicro- And Nanoelectrodes, Theophilus Neequaye Aug 2018

Comparing Laser Assisted Pulling And Chemical Vapor Deposition Methods In The Fabrication Of Carbon Ultramicro- And Nanoelectrodes, Theophilus Neequaye

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Ultramicroelectrodes (UMEs) (limiting dimensions <~25 μm) and nanoelectrodes (<~100 nm) exhibit enhanced electrochemical properties compared to macroscopic electrodes. Their small sizes and enhanced properties make them well-suited for various interesting and important applications such as measuring redox-active species in nonaqueous solvents, studying intermediates of fast electrochemical reactions, and investigating electrochemical and electrocatalytic properties of single nanoparticles. While UMEs are commercially available, nanoelectrode fabrication is still largely confined to research labs. Various methods for constructing nanoelectrodes have been reported and continue to be developed, but most require considerable expertise, and comparisons between different fabrication processes are lacking. In this work, a comparison of laser-assisted pulling and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) methods of electrode fabrication is made with the aim of optimizing production of carbon nanoelectrodes for single nanoparticle electrochemical measurements. By examining effects of pulling parameters, post-pulling treatments, and CVD processing, electrodes as small as ~50 nm were successfully produced.


Investigations Into Factors Affecting The Wpd-Loop In The Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases Yoph And Ptp1b, Gwendolyn Moise Aug 2018

Investigations Into Factors Affecting The Wpd-Loop In The Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases Yoph And Ptp1b, Gwendolyn Moise

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The research in this dissertation documents connections between the primary amino acid sequence of proteins, the dynamics of proteins, and their catalytic function. This research project studied two proteins called protein-tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs): the human enzyme PTP1B, and the bacterial enzyme YopH. PTP1B is a human enzyme that down regulates the insulin receptor on the outer cellular membrane, and causes the insulin receptor to be less responsive to insulin. A deeper knowledge of how PTP1B is different from other human PTPs might be useful in designing drugs to increase insulin sensitivity in diabetics. Yersinia Pestis is the bacteria that caused ...


Safe Use Of Hydrogen Peroxide In The Organic Lab, Patrick Dussault Aug 2018

Safe Use Of Hydrogen Peroxide In The Organic Lab, Patrick Dussault

Organic Peroxides: Safety Issues

The article describes good practices for use of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in an organic lab setting. Major headings include:

Leading references; Toxicity; Physical properties; Chemical properties; Stability and incompatibilities; Confinement/pressure; and, References to accidents involving H2O2.


Alkene Ozonolysis In The Academic Lab, Patrick Dussault Aug 2018

Alkene Ozonolysis In The Academic Lab, Patrick Dussault

Organic Peroxides: Safety Issues

The following information is offered as a guide based upon our experience with application of ozone for organic oxidations and hydroperoxide synthesis. Please send suggestions, requests, or corrections to pdussault1@unl.edu.

Introduction and leading references

Overview of ozonolysis: Mechanism, Substrate reactivity, Typical reaction conditions, Reaction monitoring, Reaction work-ups

Safety Issues

Acknowledgements:

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The following provides a brief introduction to the application of ozonolysis within academic labs. Ozonolysis remains among the most frequently used of methods for oxidative cleavage of alkenes. While best known as a means by which to introduce aldehydes and ketones, ozonolysis can also be used to generate ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Zinc(Ii) Dipyrrin Photosensitizers, Norah Alqahtani Aug 2018

Synthesis And Characterization Of Zinc(Ii) Dipyrrin Photosensitizers, Norah Alqahtani

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Photocatalytic carbon dioxide reduction transforms CO2 to useful chemicals and fuels, reducing CO2 emissions and making fossil fuels more renewable. Due to a lack of earthabundant sensitizers, we want to design new earth-abundant sensitizers to go with the many known carbon dioxide reduction catalysts. Zn(II) dipyrrin complexes strongly absorb visible light, but their excited state properties have not been widely studied. To investigate their photophysical properties, two Zn dipyrrin complexes, with and without heavy atoms, were synthesized and characterized by NMR and mass spectrometry. The photophysical properties of the two complexes were measured in polar and non-polar solvents, particularly ...


Chemical Strategies For Drug Development Of Fucose-Truncated Ipomoeassin F Analogues, Melissa Hirsch Aug 2018

Chemical Strategies For Drug Development Of Fucose-Truncated Ipomoeassin F Analogues, Melissa Hirsch

Theses and Dissertations

Natural product synthesis has many applications in the field of chemical biology, due to

the protein binding affinity to the complex three-dimensional structure. However, synthetic and

structure-activity relationship studies concerning certain drug targets are scarce. For example,

members of the ipomoeassin family have exhibited anti-cancer properties, but cost-effective

optimization of these compounds has not yet been extensively studied. Ipomoeassin F, a natural

glycoresin isolated from the leaves of the Ipomoea squamosa plant in the Suriname rainforest, has

shown high cytotoxicity, with IC50 values measured at the low nanomolar range. Two studies by

Postema and Fuerstner have outlined synthesis pathways for ...


Hydrocarbon Reaction Experiment [Chemistry], Kevin Mark Aug 2018

Hydrocarbon Reaction Experiment [Chemistry], Kevin Mark

Open Educational Resources

The Foundations of Chemistry SCC 110 course is required for LaGuardia’s Health Sciences students interested in the Nursing, Dietetic Technician and Veterinary Technician programs. This course has been designated for the Inquiry and Problem Solving competency as well the Digital Communication ability. SCC 110 students will use SCC 110 lecture material and information in the SCC 110 lab manual to perform an electrophilic addition. Students will be able to correlate the organic theory concepts with the experiment by making physical observations (e.g., color changes) when carrying out the lab procedures. The student findings will be synthesized and expressed ...


Hydrolysis Of Cellulose And Biomass Using Blue Molybdenum, Farouk Awudu Aug 2018

Hydrolysis Of Cellulose And Biomass Using Blue Molybdenum, Farouk Awudu

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Hydrolysis of cellulosic biomass is an important and ongoing subject of research due to generating precursors for biofuel synthesis. This work involves hydrolysis of microcrystalline cellulose and Arundo donax to glucose. Methods for acid hydrolysis include the use of sulfuric acid, phosphomolybdic acid, blue molybdenum using low concentrations at 40-100 °C. For comparison purposes, enzymatic hydrolysis was also carried out using cellulase. Products were quantified by measuring total organic carbon and reducible sugars using dinitrosalicylic acid. Use of phosphomolybdic acid, blue molybdenum and sulfuric acid even at 6.0 M did not increase the amount of glucose compared to using ...


3d-Printed Fluidic Devices And Incorporated Graphite Electrodes For Electrochemical Immunoassay Of Biomarker Proteins, Abdulhameed Alabdulwaheed Aug 2018

3d-Printed Fluidic Devices And Incorporated Graphite Electrodes For Electrochemical Immunoassay Of Biomarker Proteins, Abdulhameed Alabdulwaheed

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Biomarkers are measurable indicators of health status or disease state that can be used for diagnosis and may help guide patient treatment strategies. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) and other many clinical techniques currently used for measuring biomarker proteins lack sensitivity, demand high analysis cost, are often not well-suited for measuring multiple biomarkers in a single sample, and require long analysis times. Here, we demonstrate simple, low-cost 3D-printed flow-through devices with integrated electrodes modified with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) for electrochemical immunoassays of S100B, a biomarker protein related to conditions like skin cancer and brain injuries. Flow-through devices are fabricated from photocurable-resin ...


Novel Relative Spontaneous Ignition Temperature Determination Using Carbon Dioxide Onset With Sta/Ir, Antonio David Trevino Aug 2018

Novel Relative Spontaneous Ignition Temperature Determination Using Carbon Dioxide Onset With Sta/Ir, Antonio David Trevino

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Simultaneous thermal analysis, coupled with infrared spectroscopy (STA/IR), was utilized to monitor the evolution of gaseous products during the thermal degradation of samples from Triadica sebifera (Chinese tallow), Ligustrum sinense (Chinese privet), and Ilex vomitoria (yaupon) plants. Identification of carbon dioxide was successful with a spectral match of 90.2 percent and further used in the determination of relative spontaneous ignition temperature, or RSIT. The RSIT value during the growing season for Chinese tallow, Chinese tallow stem, Chinese privet, and Yaupon were 208.4°C, 250.3°C, 210.1°C, and 232.3°C respectively. During the dormant ...


1,1´-Diethyl-2,2´,3,3´,4,4´,5,5´-Octamethylferrocenium Tetracyanoethylenide, [Fe(C5etme4)2]+[Tcne]–, A Charge-Transfer Salt Magnetic Solid With A Novel Structural Motif, T. David Harris, Michael Castellani, Arnold L. Rheingold, William M. Reiff, Gordon T. Yee Jul 2018

1,1´-Diethyl-2,2´,3,3´,4,4´,5,5´-Octamethylferrocenium Tetracyanoethylenide, [Fe(C5etme4)2]+[Tcne]–, A Charge-Transfer Salt Magnetic Solid With A Novel Structural Motif, T. David Harris, Michael Castellani, Arnold L. Rheingold, William M. Reiff, Gordon T. Yee

Michael P. Castellani

1,1′-Diethyl-2,2′,3,3′,4,4′,5,5′-octamethylferrocene has been utilized as a one-electron donor in the synthesis of a tetracyanoethylene charge-transfer salt, [Fe(C5EtMe4)2]+[TCNE]. Structural characterization shows that it adopts an arrangement of anions and cations completely different from the usual π stacking seen in analogous decamethylferrocenium compounds. The TCNE radical sits along side of the ferrocene, nearly perpendicular to the planes of the C5 rings. The nearly square geometry of the TCNE anion creates disorder over two orientations. [Fe(C5EtMe4)2]+[TCNE] is a simple paramagnet ...


1 Halogen Oxidation Reactions Of (C5ph5)Cr(Co)3 And Lewis Base Addition To [(C5ph5)Cr(Μ-X)X]2: Electrochemical, Magnetic, And Raman Spectroscopic Characterization Of [(C5ph5)Crx2]2 And (C5ph5)Crx2(Thf) (X = Cl, Br, I). X-Ray Crystal Structure Of [(C5ph5)Cr(Μ-Cl)Cl]2, Marc A. Hutton, James C. Durham, Robert W. Grady, Brett E. Harris, Carter S. Jarrell, J. Matthew Mooney, Michael Castellani, Arnold L. Rheingold, Ulrich Kölle, Brenda J. Korte, Roger D. Sommer, Gordon T. Yee, J. Matthew Boggess, Roman S. Czernuszewicz Jul 2018

1 Halogen Oxidation Reactions Of (C5ph5)Cr(Co)3 And Lewis Base Addition To [(C5ph5)Cr(Μ-X)X]2: Electrochemical, Magnetic, And Raman Spectroscopic Characterization Of [(C5ph5)Crx2]2 And (C5ph5)Crx2(Thf) (X = Cl, Br, I). X-Ray Crystal Structure Of [(C5ph5)Cr(Μ-Cl)Cl]2, Marc A. Hutton, James C. Durham, Robert W. Grady, Brett E. Harris, Carter S. Jarrell, J. Matthew Mooney, Michael Castellani, Arnold L. Rheingold, Ulrich Kölle, Brenda J. Korte, Roger D. Sommer, Gordon T. Yee, J. Matthew Boggess, Roman S. Czernuszewicz

Michael P. Castellani

The 17-electron complex (C5Ph5)Cr(CO)3 reacts with halogens (C6H5I•Cl2, Br2, and I2) in C6H6 to yield the dimeric oxidation products [(C5Ph5)Cr(m-X)X]2 as thermally stable solids. Reactions with other chlorinating agents similarly yield [(C5Ph5)CrCl2]2. An X-ray crystal structure of [(C5Ph5)Cr(m-Cl)Cl]2 was obtained. The magnetic properties of the Cl2 bridged dimer have been determined and modeled using the usual isotropic hamiltonian which yields J/k = –30 K. Low-temperature (77 K) Raman spectra of solid [(C5Ph5)CrX2]2 (X = Cl, I) allow assignments to be made for the metal-ring ...