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2039 full-text articles. Page 1 of 46.

Synthesis And In-Vitro Cell Viability/Cytotoxicity Studies Of Novel Pyrrolobenzodiazepine Derivatives, John M. Jarrett 2017 East Tennessee State University

Synthesis And In-Vitro Cell Viability/Cytotoxicity Studies Of Novel Pyrrolobenzodiazepine Derivatives, John M. Jarrett

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Pyrrolobenzodiazepines (PBDs) are a group of naturally occurring compounds that were discovered in the cultures of Streptomyces in the 1960s. Some natural PBDs discovered in these cultures, such as anthramycin and sibiromycin, were shown to possess a broad spectrum of anti-tumor activity. Since cancer is still a leading cause of death globally, the development of novel anti-proliferative derivatives of PBDs is essential for human welfare worldwide. Further synthesis and structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of the parent natural products and their tetracyclic analogs will lead to the discovery of drug candidates. In this work, thirteen PBD analogues were synthesized using no ...


Could O-Aminoquinones Of Estrogen Metabolites Serve As Platforms For Redox Cycling?, Rachel Miller 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Could O-Aminoquinones Of Estrogen Metabolites Serve As Platforms For Redox Cycling?, Rachel Miller

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

The metabolism of estrogen can lead to the formation of two isomeric o-quinones, estrogen-2,3-quinone (E-2,3-Q) and estrogen-3,4-Q (E-3,4-Q). The more reactive E-3,4-Q is genotoxic and can damage DNA by forming apurinic sites; whereas, E-2,3-Q does not form apurinic sites. Estrogen quinones may also be involved in redox cycling to produce reactive oxygen species (ROS), which is another genotoxic pathway. What is not yet clear, is why E-3,4-Q would undergo redox cycling while the non-carcinogenic E-2,3-Q would not. Nitrogen nucleophiles react with the E-3,4-Q at the 1-position. With DNA bases as the ...


Cyclopentadienyl-Bis(Oxazoline) Magnesium And Zirconium Complexes In Aminoalkene Hydroaminations, Naresh Eedugurala, Megan Hovey, Hung-An Ho, Barun Jana, Nicole L. Lampland, Arkady Ellern, Aaron D. Sadow 2017 Iowa State University

Cyclopentadienyl-Bis(Oxazoline) Magnesium And Zirconium Complexes In Aminoalkene Hydroaminations, Naresh Eedugurala, Megan Hovey, Hung-An Ho, Barun Jana, Nicole L. Lampland, Arkady Ellern, Aaron D. Sadow

Aaron D. Sadow

A new class of cyclopentadiene-bis(oxazoline) compounds and their piano-stool-type organometallic complexes have been prepared as catalysts for hydroamination of aminoalkenes. The two compounds MeC(OxMe2)2C5H5 (BoMCpH; OxMe2 = 4,4-dimethyl-2-oxazoline) and MeC(OxMe2)2C5Me4H (BoMCptetH) are synthesized from C5R4HI (R = H, Me) and MeC(OxMe2)2Li. These cyclopentadiene-bis(oxazolines) are converted into ligands that support a variety of metal centers in piano-stool-type geometries, and here we report the preparation of Mg, Tl, Ti, and Zr compounds. BoMCpH and BoMCptetH react with MgMe2(O2C4H8)2 to give the magnesium methyl complexes {BoMCp}MgMe and {BoMCptet}MgMe. BoMCpH and BoMCptetH are ...


Role Of Co2 As A Soft Oxidant For Dehydrogenation Of Ethylbenzene To Styrene Over A High-Surface-Area Ceria Catalyst, Li Zhang, Zili Wu, Nicholas C. Nelson, Aaron D. Sadow, Igor I. Slowing 2017 Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Role Of Co2 As A Soft Oxidant For Dehydrogenation Of Ethylbenzene To Styrene Over A High-Surface-Area Ceria Catalyst, Li Zhang, Zili Wu, Nicholas C. Nelson, Aaron D. Sadow, Igor I. Slowing

Aaron D. Sadow

Catalytic performance and the nature of surface adsorbates were investigated for high-surface-area ceria during the ethylbenzene oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) reaction using CO2 as a soft oxidant. The high surface area ceria material was synthesized using a template-assisted method. The interactions among ethylbenzene, styrene, and CO2 on the surface of ceria and the role of CO2 for the ethylbenzene ODH reaction have been investigated in detail by using activity test, in situ diffuse reflectance infrared and Raman spectroscopy. CO2 as an oxidant not only favored the higher yield of styrene but also inhibited the deposition of coke during the ethylbenzene ODH ...


Homoleptic Divalent Dialkyl Lanthanide-Catalyzed Cross-Dehydrocoupling Of Silanes And Amines, Aradhana Pindwal, Arkady Ellern, Aaron D. Sadow 2017 Iowa State University

Homoleptic Divalent Dialkyl Lanthanide-Catalyzed Cross-Dehydrocoupling Of Silanes And Amines, Aradhana Pindwal, Arkady Ellern, Aaron D. Sadow

Aaron D. Sadow

The rare-earth bis(alkyl) compound Sm{C(SiHMe2)3}2THF2 (1b) is prepared by the reaction of samarium(II) iodide and 2 equiv of KC(SiHMe2)3. This synthesis is similar to that of previously reported Yb{C(SiHMe2)3}2THF2 (1a), and compounds 1a,b are isostructural. Reactions of 1b and 1 or 2 equiv of B(C6F5)3 afford SmC(SiHMe2)3HB(C6F5)3THF2 (2b) or Sm{HB(C6F5)3}2THF2 (3b), respectively, and 1,3-disilacyclobutane {Me2Si-C(SiHMe2)2}2 as a byproduct. Bands from 2300 to 2400 cm–1 assigned to νBH in the IR spectra and ...


Β-Sih-Containing Tris(Silazido) Rare-Earth Complexes As Homogeneous And Grafted Single-Site Catalyst Precursors For Hydroamination, Naresh Eedugurala, Zhuoran Wang, KaKing Yan, Kasuni Boteju, Umesh Chaudhary, Takeshi Kobayashi, Arkady Ellern, Igor I. Slowing, Marek Pruski, Aaron D. Sadow 2017 Iowa State University

Β-Sih-Containing Tris(Silazido) Rare-Earth Complexes As Homogeneous And Grafted Single-Site Catalyst Precursors For Hydroamination, Naresh Eedugurala, Zhuoran Wang, Kaking Yan, Kasuni Boteju, Umesh Chaudhary, Takeshi Kobayashi, Arkady Ellern, Igor I. Slowing, Marek Pruski, Aaron D. Sadow

Aaron D. Sadow

A series of homoleptic rare-earth silazido compounds and their silica-grafted derivatives were prepared to compare spectroscopic and catalytic features under homogeneous and interfacial conditions. Trivalent tris(silazido) compounds Ln{N(SiHMe2)tBu}3 (Ln = Sc (1), Y (2), Lu (3)) are prepared in high yield by salt metathesis reactions. Solution-phase and solid-state characterization of 13 by NMR and IR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction reveals Ln↼H–Si interactions. These features are retained in solvent-coordinated 2·Et2O, 2·THF, and 3·THF. The change in spectroscopic features characterizing the secondary interactions (νSiH, 1JSiH) from the ...


Risk Assessments For Chemical Stockpile Incinerators: Is The Supporting Guidance Adequate, Lawrence V. Tannenbaum 2017 University of New Hampshire

Risk Assessments For Chemical Stockpile Incinerators: Is The Supporting Guidance Adequate, Lawrence V. Tannenbaum

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The author identifies potential deficiencies in guidance used in the United States for risk assessments of chemical weapons incinerators.


Unsymmetric Aryl–Alkyl Disulfide Growth Inhibitors Of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus And Bacillus Anthracis, Edward Turos, Kevin D. Revell, Praveen Ramaraju, Danielle A. Gergeres, Kerriann Greenhalgh, Ashley Young, Nalini Sathyanarayan, Sonja Dickey, Daniel Lim, Mamoun M. Alhamadsheh, Kevin A. Reynolds 2017 University of South Florida

Unsymmetric Aryl–Alkyl Disulfide Growth Inhibitors Of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus And Bacillus Anthracis, Edward Turos, Kevin D. Revell, Praveen Ramaraju, Danielle A. Gergeres, Kerriann Greenhalgh, Ashley Young, Nalini Sathyanarayan, Sonja Dickey, Daniel Lim, Mamoun M. Alhamadsheh, Kevin A. Reynolds

Kevin Reynolds

This study describes the antibacterial properties of synthetically-produced mixed aryl alkyl disulfide compounds as a means to control the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus anthracis. Some of these compounds exerted strong in vitro bioactivity. Our results indicate that among the twelve different aryl substituents examined, nitrophenyl derivatives provide the strongest antibiotic activities. This may be the result of electronic activation of the arylthio moiety as a leaving group for nucleophilic attack on the disulfide bond. Small alkyl residues on the other sulfur provide the best activity as well, which for different bacteria appears to be somewhat dependent on the ...


Generation Of Novel Pikromycin Antibiotic Products Through Mutasynthesis, Shuchi Gupta, Venkatraman Lakshmanan, Beom Seok Kim, Robert Fecik, Kevin A. Reynolds 2017 Portland State University

Generation Of Novel Pikromycin Antibiotic Products Through Mutasynthesis, Shuchi Gupta, Venkatraman Lakshmanan, Beom Seok Kim, Robert Fecik, Kevin A. Reynolds

Kevin Reynolds

Mutasynthesis in pikromycin PKS: The amenability of pikromycin polyketide synthase to mutational biosynthesis has been demonstrated. A natural triketide and its analogues, activated as N-acetyl-cysteamine thioesters, were synthesized and fed to a pikAI-deleted strain; this led to the production of new antibiotics. A vinyl analogue was found to have better antibacterial activity than pikromycin.


Β-Sih-Containing Tris(Silazido) Rare-Earth Complexes As Homogeneous And Grafted Single-Site Catalyst Precursors For Hydroamination, Naresh Eedugurala, Zhuoran Wang, KaKing Yan, Kasuni Boteju, Umesh Chaudhary, Takeshi Kobayashi, Arkady Ellern, Igor I. Slowing, Marek Pruski, Aaron D. Sadow 2017 Iowa State University

Β-Sih-Containing Tris(Silazido) Rare-Earth Complexes As Homogeneous And Grafted Single-Site Catalyst Precursors For Hydroamination, Naresh Eedugurala, Zhuoran Wang, Kaking Yan, Kasuni Boteju, Umesh Chaudhary, Takeshi Kobayashi, Arkady Ellern, Igor I. Slowing, Marek Pruski, Aaron D. Sadow

Chemistry Publications

A series of homoleptic rare-earth silazido compounds and their silica-grafted derivatives were prepared to compare spectroscopic and catalytic features under homogeneous and interfacial conditions. Trivalent tris(silazido) compounds Ln{N(SiHMe2)tBu}3 (Ln = Sc (1), Y (2), Lu (3)) are prepared in high yield by salt metathesis reactions. Solution-phase and solid-state characterization of 13 by NMR and IR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction reveals Ln↼H–Si interactions. These features are retained in solvent-coordinated 2·Et2O, 2·THF, and 3·THF. The change in spectroscopic features characterizing the secondary interactions (νSiH, 1JSiH) from the ...


Palladium-Catalyzed Intramolecular Cross-Dehydrogenative Coupling: Synthesis Of Fused Imidazo[1,2‑A]Pyrimidines And Pyrazolo[1,5‑A]Pyrimidines, Siva K. Reddy Kotla, Jaya Kishore Vandavasi, Jeh-Jeh Wang, Keykavous Parang, Rakesh Tiwari 2017 Chapman University

Palladium-Catalyzed Intramolecular Cross-Dehydrogenative Coupling: Synthesis Of Fused Imidazo[1,2‑A]Pyrimidines And Pyrazolo[1,5‑A]Pyrimidines, Siva K. Reddy Kotla, Jaya Kishore Vandavasi, Jeh-Jeh Wang, Keykavous Parang, Rakesh Tiwari

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

A palladium-catalyzed intramolecular dehydrogenative coupling reaction was developed for the synthesis of fused imidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidines and pyrazolo[1,5-a]- pyrimidines. The developed protocol provides a practical approach for the synthesis of biologically important substituted pyrimidines from easily available substrates, with a broad substrate scope under mild reaction conditions.


Media Coverage Of Epa's Draft Dioxin Reassessment Report, Sharon M. Friedman, Megan A. Fitzpatrick, Brenda P. Egolf 2016 University of New Hampshire

Media Coverage Of Epa's Draft Dioxin Reassessment Report, Sharon M. Friedman, Megan A. Fitzpatrick, Brenda P. Egolf

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Using content analysis, the authors examine the utility of news media in democratic decision making.


A 4-Step Symmetric Synthesis Of Monomorine, Thomas Van Horn, Vladimir B. Birman 2016 Washington University in St. Louis

A 4-Step Symmetric Synthesis Of Monomorine, Thomas Van Horn, Vladimir B. Birman

Thomas Van Horn

I present progress made during the Fall 2016 semester toward synthesizing monomorine (3R,5S,8aS)-3-Butyl-5-methyloctahydroindolizine), a trail pheromone of the pharaoh ant based on the simple synthesis from 2,6-lutidine described by Oliver and Sonnet in 1974. This synthesis is attractive due to its simplicity, however there are few experimental details in the original paper, which also does not present data that the synthesis was successful. Synthesis following the Oliver and Sonnet scheme was largely unsuccessful due to difficulties with the prescribed Ph3P•Br2 cyclization step. An alternative cyclization scheme using mesylation of the alcohol produced significant quantities of ...


Synthesis Of Metal-Containing Polymers And Stable Organic Radical-Containing Polymers And Their Use As Advanced Functional Materials, Joseph A. Paquette 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Synthesis Of Metal-Containing Polymers And Stable Organic Radical-Containing Polymers And Their Use As Advanced Functional Materials, Joseph A. Paquette

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The work presented in this thesis details the synthesis and characterization of two different families of multifunctional polymers. The first family involved the incorporation of stable 6-oxoverdazyl radicals into polymer scaffolds. This was originally achieved by the polymerization of the radical precursors, phenyl- and isopropyl-6-oxotetrazanes, followed by post-polymerization oxidation to afford the phenyl- and isopropyl-6-oxoverdazyl polymers. A second methodology involved the direct polymerization of isopropyl-6-oxoverdazyl radicals using ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) to afford polymers with controlled molecular weights and narrow molecular weight distributions. The polymers were characterized by the close comparison of the physical and spectroscopic properties ...


Diazonium 4-(Trifluorovinyloxy) Perfluorobutanesulfonyl Benzenesulfonimide Zwitterionic Monomer Synthesis, Isaac D. Addo 2016 East Tennessee State University

Diazonium 4-(Trifluorovinyloxy) Perfluorobutanesulfonyl Benzenesulfonimide Zwitterionic Monomer Synthesis, Isaac D. Addo

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

3-Diazonium- 4-(trifluorovinyloxy) - perfluorobutanesulfonyl benzenesulfonimide zwitterionic monomer (see figure 1) is proposed to be polymerized and further act as a new electrolyte for Polymer exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). One reason is that, the aromatic trifluorovinyl aryl ether (TFVE) group can easily be homopolymerized to aromatic perfluorocyclobutane (PFCB) polymer. Furthermore, the diazonium moiety in the monomer is expected to covalently attach the electrolyte to the carbon electrodes support. The perfluoroalkyl(aryl) sulfonimide (PFSI) pendant provides good chemical and mechanical stability as well as better proton conductivity. Several multi-step synthetic schemes are designed to obtain such monomer from perfluoroalkyl(aryl) sulfonimide ...


Design And Synthesis Of Novel Octacarboxy Porphyrinic Metal-Organic Frameworks, Jacob A. Johnson 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Design And Synthesis Of Novel Octacarboxy Porphyrinic Metal-Organic Frameworks, Jacob A. Johnson

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) are a class of nanoporous crystalline materials constructed via the interconnection between metal-ions/inorganic clusters and organic ligands. Since the surface area, pore size and distribution, and chemical functionalities of MOFs are highly tunable via the judicious combinations of inorganic clusters and organic ligands, MOFs have attracted intensive interests for a variety of applications including gas adsorption and separation, catalysis, chemical sensing, and drug delivery among others. Porphyrin based ligands are of particular interest for building functional MOFs due to their unique photo-, electro-, and catalytic properties. In addition, the four-fold symmetry of porphyrin ligands offers an ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Novel Ligand For Use On Rhodium Paddlewheel Complexes, Gavin J. Rustin 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Synthesis And Characterization Of Novel Ligand For Use On Rhodium Paddlewheel Complexes, Gavin J. Rustin

Masters Theses

Dirhodium (II) paddlewheel complexes have proven to be useful catalysts in many transformations including C-H insertions, cyclopropanation, and silane insertion reactions. One deficiency of these catalysts is the inability to modulate the enantioselectivity with reactive diazo compounds. One avenue for potential improvement of paddlewheel complexes is coordinating ligands in the axial site to increase enantioselectivity. The axial site has been occupied by various ligands including Nheterocyclic carbenes, nitrogen compounds, and phosphorous compounds. This work examines compounds that can be used as ligands on dirhodium complexes that have a pendant chain containing a dibenzyl phosphite and dibenzyl phosphate, both of which ...


Three Body Interactions Of Rare Gas Solids Calculated Within The Einstein Model, Dan D'Andrea 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Three Body Interactions Of Rare Gas Solids Calculated Within The Einstein Model, Dan D'Andrea

Masters Theses

Three body interactions can become important in solids at higher pressures and densities as the molecules can come into close contact. At low temperatures, accurate studies of three body interactions in solids require averaging the three-body terms over the molecules' zero point motions. An efficient, but approximate, averaging approach is based on a polynomial approximation of the three-body term. The polynomial approximation can be developed as a function of the symmetry coordinates of a triangle displaced from its average geometry and also as a function of the Cartesian zero point displacements from each atom’s average position. The polynomial approximation ...


Thermolysis Of Hypervalent Iodine Complexes: Synthesis Of Fluorinated Radiotracers For Positron Emission Tomography And Synthesis Of Quaternary Α-Alkyl Α-Aryl Amino Acids, Jayson J. Kempinger 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Thermolysis Of Hypervalent Iodine Complexes: Synthesis Of Fluorinated Radiotracers For Positron Emission Tomography And Synthesis Of Quaternary Α-Alkyl Α-Aryl Amino Acids, Jayson J. Kempinger

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

Hypervalent iodine complexes can be used to deliver a variety of functional groups to arenes. Delivery of fluorine‑18, in a manner compatible with positron emission tomography (PET), is especially attractive. VizamylTM, an injectable solution of [18F]Flutemetamol, is currently used to diagnose and monitor the progression of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD), the most common form of dementia. AD affects 47.5 million people across the world as of 2015, and is projected to affect 1 in 85 people by 2050. An improved radiosynthesis of [18F]Flutemetamol via a diaryliodonium salt is described. The use of nonpolar ...


Synthesis Of Orthogonally Protected Thioamide Dipeptides For Use In Solid-Phase Peptide Synthesis, Fintan Kelleher, Kim Manzor 2016 Institute of Technology, Tallaght

Synthesis Of Orthogonally Protected Thioamide Dipeptides For Use In Solid-Phase Peptide Synthesis, Fintan Kelleher, Kim Manzor

Articles

Orthogonally protected thioamide-containing dipeptides were efficiently and cleanly prepared from the precursor dipeptides using Curphey’s method (P4S10, hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDO), reflux, DCM) in 67-96% isolated yield. This was in contrast to the use of Lawesson’s or Berzelius’ reagents where significant issues with reaction non-completion, decomposition and purification were observed. Subsequent clean removal of the dipeptides’ t-butyl ester protecting groups gave thioamide dipeptide acids which were suitable for use in solid-phase peptide synthesis (SPPS).


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