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All Articles in Organic Chemistry

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Synthesis Of Healable Organic Semiconductor Through Dioxaborolane Bond, Junchen Liu, William W. Mcnutt, Jianguo Mei 2017 Purdue University

Synthesis Of Healable Organic Semiconductor Through Dioxaborolane Bond, Junchen Liu, William W. Mcnutt, Jianguo Mei

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

The field of organic semiconductors have gained enormous attention the past few decades. Organic materials offer numerous advantages over their inorganic counterparts. Recently a number of works have demonstrated organic semiconductors with healable properties. We aim to investigate the healable ability of an organic semiconductor by mimicking a vitrimer system through the reversible dioxaborolane bond. Vitrimers are polymers with reversible crosslink system. It has been reported that the use of the borane-oxygen bond as the crosslink showed good mechanical performance. The electrical properties will be inspected for the vitrimer-like polymer. In this report we describe a Diketopyrrolopyrrole base polymer incorporating ...


Synthesis And Catalytic Evaluation Of Novel C-Alpha-Methyl-Beta-Proline Analogues, And Concise Synthetic Approach To Nh-Fmoc-S-Trityl-C-Alpha-Methyl Cysteine, Hari Kiran Kotapati 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

Synthesis And Catalytic Evaluation Of Novel C-Alpha-Methyl-Beta-Proline Analogues, And Concise Synthetic Approach To Nh-Fmoc-S-Trityl-C-Alpha-Methyl Cysteine, Hari Kiran Kotapati

Dissertations

In the field of chemistry there is a growing demand for small molecule organocatalysts such as amino acids, more specifically proline and its analogues, which could catalyze various key chemical reactions in the synthesis of several biologically important molecules. Even though natural proline is reported to catalyze various chemical reactions, its use as organocatalyst is limited mainly due to the solubility issues in the reaction media and high catalyst loadings, which is not very ideal for bulk scale manufacturing. To address these limitations we planned to develop unnatural analogues of proline that could catalyze the reactions with lower catalyst loadings ...


Enantioselective Γ- And Δ -Borylation Of Unsaturated Carbonyl Derivatives: Synthesis, Mechanistic Insights, And Applications., Gia L. Hoang 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Enantioselective Γ- And Δ -Borylation Of Unsaturated Carbonyl Derivatives: Synthesis, Mechanistic Insights, And Applications., Gia L. Hoang

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

Chiral boronic esters are valuable synthetic intermediates widely used in a variety of stereospecific transformations. Transition metal-catalyzed asymmetric hydroboration (CAHB) of alkenes is among the most popular methods for their preparation. Enantioselective hydroboration of activated alkenes (i.e., vinyl arene derivatives or conjugated carbonyl compounds) have been extensively studied by many research groups. We, on the other hand, are interested in enantioselective hydroboration of unactivated alkenes utilizing coordinating functional groups (e.g., carbonyl derivatives) to give functionalized, chiral boronic esters. While conjugate addition and C–H activation methodologies provide efficient alternatives to CAHB for enantioselective beta-borylation of carbonyl compounds, direct ...


Review: New Frontiers In Metabolomics: From Measurement To Insight, Eli Riekeberg, Robert Powers 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Review: New Frontiers In Metabolomics: From Measurement To Insight, Eli Riekeberg, Robert Powers

Robert Powers Publications

Metabolomics is the newest addition to the “omics” disciplines and has shown rapid growth in its application to human health research because of fundamental advancements in measurement and analysis techniques. Metabolomics has unique and proven advantages in systems biology and biomarker discovery. The next generation of analysis techniques promises even richer and more complete analysis capabilities that will enable earlier clinical diagnosis, drug refinement, and personalized medicine. A review of current advancements in methodologies and statistical analysis that are enhancing and improving the performance of metabolomics is presented along with highlights of some recent successful applications.


Cellular And Molecular Targets Of Menthol Actions, Murat Oz, Eslam El Nebrisi, Keun-Hang Susan Yang, Frank Christopher Howarth, Lina T. Al Kury 2017 UAE University

Cellular And Molecular Targets Of Menthol Actions, Murat Oz, Eslam El Nebrisi, Keun-Hang Susan Yang, Frank Christopher Howarth, Lina T. Al Kury

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Menthol belongs to monoterpene class of a structurally diverse group of phytochemicals found in plant-derived essential oils. Menthol is widely used in pharmaceuticals, confectionary, oral hygiene products, pesticides, cosmetics, and as a flavoring agent. In addition, menthol is known to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic effects. Recently, there has been renewed awareness in comprehending the biological and pharmacological effects of menthol. TRP channels have been demonstrated to mediate the cooling actions ofmenthol. There has been new evidence demonstrating thatmenthol can significantly influence the functional characteristics of a number of different kinds of ligand and voltage-gated ion channels, indicating that at ...


Organic Chemistry I Lab (Jupyter), Tatiana Krivosheev, Caroline Sheppard, Patricia Todebush, Bram Boroson, Justin Mays 2017 Clayton State University

Organic Chemistry I Lab (Jupyter), Tatiana Krivosheev, Caroline Sheppard, Patricia Todebush, Bram Boroson, Justin Mays

Chemistry Ancillary Materials

This collection of open laboratory materials for Organic Chemistry I was created under a Round Four ALG Textbook Transformation Grant. These materials require the open source Jupyter application.

Affordable Learning Georgia Grants Collections are intended to provide faculty with the frameworks to quickly implement or revise the same materials as a Textbook Transformation Grants team, along with the aims and lessons learned from project teams during the implementation process.


Organic Chemistry I Lab (Clayton), Tatiana Krivosheev, Caroline Sheppard, Patricia Todebush, Bram Boroson, Justin Mays 2017 Clayton State University

Organic Chemistry I Lab (Clayton), Tatiana Krivosheev, Caroline Sheppard, Patricia Todebush, Bram Boroson, Justin Mays

Chemistry Grants Collections

This Grants Collection for Organic Chemistry I was created under a Round Four ALG Textbook Transformation Grant.

Affordable Learning Georgia Grants Collections are intended to provide faculty with the frameworks to quickly implement or revise the same materials as a Textbook Transformation Grants team, along with the aims and lessons learned from project teams during the implementation process.

Documents are in .pdf format, with a separate .docx (Word) version available for download. Each collection contains the following materials:

  • Linked Syllabus
  • Initial Proposal
  • Final Report


Organic Chemistry Ii Lab (Clayton), Tatiana Krivosheev, Caroline Sheppard, Patricia Todebush, Bram Boroson, Justin Mays 2017 Clayton State University

Organic Chemistry Ii Lab (Clayton), Tatiana Krivosheev, Caroline Sheppard, Patricia Todebush, Bram Boroson, Justin Mays

Chemistry Grants Collections

This Grants Collection for Organic Chemistry II was created under a Round Four ALG Textbook Transformation Grant.

Affordable Learning Georgia Grants Collections are intended to provide faculty with the frameworks to quickly implement or revise the same materials as a Textbook Transformation Grants team, along with the aims and lessons learned from project teams during the implementation process.

Documents are in .pdf format, with a separate .docx (Word) version available for download. Each collection contains the following materials:

  • Linked Syllabus
  • Initial Proposal
  • Final Report


Organic Chemistry Ii Lab (Jupyter), Tatiana Krivosheev, Caroline Sheppard, Patricia Todebush, Bram Boroson, Justin Mays 2017 Clayton State University

Organic Chemistry Ii Lab (Jupyter), Tatiana Krivosheev, Caroline Sheppard, Patricia Todebush, Bram Boroson, Justin Mays

Chemistry Ancillary Materials

This collection of open laboratory materials for Organic Chemistry II was created under a Round Four ALG Textbook Transformation Grant. These materials require the open source Jupyter application.

Affordable Learning Georgia Grants Collections are intended to provide faculty with the frameworks to quickly implement or revise the same materials as a Textbook Transformation Grants team, along with the aims and lessons learned from project teams during the implementation process.


Studies In Directed Catalytic Asymmetric Hydroboration Of 1,2-Disubstituted Unsaturated Amide, Shuyang Zhang 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Studies In Directed Catalytic Asymmetric Hydroboration Of 1,2-Disubstituted Unsaturated Amide, Shuyang Zhang

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

The Rh-catalyzed, substrate directed catalytic asymmetric hydroboration of γ,δ-unsaturated amides provides a direct route to enantioenriched acyclic secondary γ-borylated carbonyl derivatives with high regio- and enantioselectivity. The catalytic condition optimization and substrate scope study is discussed, including the effects in catalytical asymmetric hydroboration on pre-installed chiral γ,δ-unsaturated amides. A mechanistic study from kinetic approach by graphical manipulation (reaction progress kinetic analysis for substrate orders and normalized time analysis for catalyst order.) was discussed in this thesis

Advisor: Professor James M. Takacs


Functional And Structural Studies Of Cytochromes P450 By Resonance Raman Spectroscopy, Yilin Liu 2017 Marquette University

Functional And Structural Studies Of Cytochromes P450 By Resonance Raman Spectroscopy, Yilin Liu

Dissertations (2009 -)

Cytochrome P450 is a broad class of heme monooxygenase enzymes which catalyze various oxidative transformations. There are two main kinds of mammalian P450s: steroidogenic and drug metabolizing P450s. The first project involves a steroidogenic P450, CYP17A1, occupying a central role in the biosynthesis of steroid hormones. It catalyzes hydroxylation reaction on pregnenolone and progesterone, generating 17OH-pregnenolone and 17OH-progesterone, presumably utilizing a “Compound I” species. However, these hydroxylated products can be further processed in a second oxidative cycle to cleave the C17–C20 bond to form dehydroepiandrosterone or androstenedione, respectively, a crucial step in androgen production. Interestingly, it is well known ...


The Quantification Of Cocaine From The Erythroxylum Coca Plant And The Comparison On High Performance Liquid Chromatography And Gas Chromatography Mass Spectroscopy As An Analytical Method., Tuesday James 2017 CUNY John Jay College

The Quantification Of Cocaine From The Erythroxylum Coca Plant And The Comparison On High Performance Liquid Chromatography And Gas Chromatography Mass Spectroscopy As An Analytical Method., Tuesday James

Student Theses

Cocaine is derived from the Erythroxylum coca plant, is a highly addictive stimulant abused all over the world. There are two types of Erythroxylum coca plants that produce cocaine; the E. Coca and E. Novogranatense. Cocaine exists as the salt, and the freebase which is typically referred to as “crack” due to the crackling sound it makes when heated. It is popular because it is inexpensive and easily available on the streets, mainly in poor urban areas. The purpose of this project was to determine the amount of cocaine that can be extracted from E.coca and to assess which ...


Working With Organic Peroxides In The Academic Lab, Patrick Dussault 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Working With Organic Peroxides In The Academic Lab, Patrick Dussault

Organic Peroxides: Safety Issues

The following is a brief introduction to peroxide safety from the viewpoint of a synthetic chemist. Topics include classes of peroxides and hydroperoxides, reactivity of organic peroxides, hazard identification, hazard minimization, reaction monitoring, and hazards of peroxidizable solvents.


Safe Use Of Hydrogen Peroxide In The Organic Lab, Patrick Dussault 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Safe Use Of Hydrogen Peroxide In The Organic Lab, Patrick Dussault

Organic Peroxides: Safety Issues

The article describes good practices for use of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in an organic lab setting. Major headings include:

Leading references; Toxicity; Physical properties; Chemical properties; Stability and incompatibilities; Confinement/pressure; and, References to accidents involving H2O2.


Solid-Phase Peptide Synthesis Of Analogues Of The N-Terminus A-Ring Fragment Of The Lantibiotic Nisin: Replacements For The Dehydroalanine (Dha) Residue At Position 5 And The First Incorporation Of A Thioamide Residue, Kim Manzor, Keith o Proinsias, Fintan Kelleher 2017 Institute of Technology Tallaght

Solid-Phase Peptide Synthesis Of Analogues Of The N-Terminus A-Ring Fragment Of The Lantibiotic Nisin: Replacements For The Dehydroalanine (Dha) Residue At Position 5 And The First Incorporation Of A Thioamide Residue, Kim Manzor, Keith O Proinsias, Fintan Kelleher

Articles

A number of A-ring analogues of the lantibiotic nisin, containing replacements for the Dha at position 5, have been successfully prepared by solid-phase peptide synthesis. The Dha replacements include glycine, alanine, phenylalanine, serine and 1-aminocyclopropyl carboxylic acid (ACCa). The incorporation of a thioamide-isoleucine residue at position 4 is also described and is the first report of the preparation of a lantibiotic ring fragment containing a thioamide link.


Role Of Co2 As A Soft Oxidant For Dehydrogenation Of Ethylbenzene To Styrene Over A High-Surface-Area Ceria Catalyst, Li Zhang, Zili Wu, Nicholas C. Nelson, Aaron D. Sadow, Igor I. Slowing 2017 Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Role Of Co2 As A Soft Oxidant For Dehydrogenation Of Ethylbenzene To Styrene Over A High-Surface-Area Ceria Catalyst, Li Zhang, Zili Wu, Nicholas C. Nelson, Aaron D. Sadow, Igor I. Slowing

Igor I. Slowing

Catalytic performance and the nature of surface adsorbates were investigated for high-surface-area ceria during the ethylbenzene oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) reaction using CO2 as a soft oxidant. The high surface area ceria material was synthesized using a template-assisted method. The interactions among ethylbenzene, styrene, and CO2 on the surface of ceria and the role of CO2 for the ethylbenzene ODH reaction have been investigated in detail by using activity test, in situ diffuse reflectance infrared and Raman spectroscopy. CO2 as an oxidant not only favored the higher yield of styrene but also inhibited the deposition of coke during the ethylbenzene ODH ...


Β-Sih-Containing Tris(Silazido) Rare-Earth Complexes As Homogeneous And Grafted Single-Site Catalyst Precursors For Hydroamination, Naresh Eedugurala, Zhuoran Wang, KaKing Yan, Kasuni Boteju, Umesh Chaudhary, Takeshi Kobayashi, Arkady Ellern, Igor I. Slowing, Marek Pruski, Aaron D. Sadow 2017 Iowa State University

Β-Sih-Containing Tris(Silazido) Rare-Earth Complexes As Homogeneous And Grafted Single-Site Catalyst Precursors For Hydroamination, Naresh Eedugurala, Zhuoran Wang, Kaking Yan, Kasuni Boteju, Umesh Chaudhary, Takeshi Kobayashi, Arkady Ellern, Igor I. Slowing, Marek Pruski, Aaron D. Sadow

Igor I. Slowing

A series of homoleptic rare-earth silazido compounds and their silica-grafted derivatives were prepared to compare spectroscopic and catalytic features under homogeneous and interfacial conditions. Trivalent tris(silazido) compounds Ln{N(SiHMe2)tBu}3 (Ln = Sc (1), Y (2), Lu (3)) are prepared in high yield by salt metathesis reactions. Solution-phase and solid-state characterization of 1–3 by NMR and IR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction reveals Ln↼H–Si interactions. These features are retained in solvent-coordinated 2·Et2O, 2·THF, and 3·THF. The change in spectroscopic features characterizing the secondary interactions (νSiH, 1JSiH) from the unactivated SiH in the silazane ...


Silanol-Assisted Carbinolamine Formation In An Amine-Functionalized Mesoporous Silica Surface: Theoretical Investigation By Fragmentation Methods, Ana P. de Lima Batista, Federico Zahariev, Igor I. Slowing, Ataualpa A. C. Braga, Fernando R. Ornellas, Mark S. Gordon 2017 Instituto de Química

Silanol-Assisted Carbinolamine Formation In An Amine-Functionalized Mesoporous Silica Surface: Theoretical Investigation By Fragmentation Methods, Ana P. De Lima Batista, Federico Zahariev, Igor I. Slowing, Ataualpa A. C. Braga, Fernando R. Ornellas, Mark S. Gordon

Igor I. Slowing

The aldol reaction catalyzed by an amine-substituted mesoporous silica nanoparticle (amine-MSN) surface was investigated using a large molecular cluster model (Si392O958C6NH361) combined with the surface integrated molecular orbital/molecular mechanics (SIMOMM) and fragment molecular orbital (FMO) methods. Three distinct pathways for the carbinolamine formation, the first step of the amine-catalyzed aldol reaction, are proposed and investigated in order to elucidate the role of the silanol environment on the catalytic capability of the amine-MSN material. The computational study reveals that the most likely mechanism involves the silanol groups actively participating in the reaction, forming and breaking covalent bonds in the carbinolamine ...


The Modified Stereospecific Stille Reaction: Palladium-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Reactions Involving Secondary And Tertiary Alkyl Carbastannatranes, Chao-yuan Wang 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Modified Stereospecific Stille Reaction: Palladium-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Reactions Involving Secondary And Tertiary Alkyl Carbastannatranes, Chao-Yuan Wang

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Organic chemistry is present in all domains of everyday life, from polymer production to medicine. In order to synthesize complex compounds, it is often necessary to make new carbon-carbon bonds. Transition metal catalysts, particularly those derived from second and third row metals such as Pt, Pd, Rh, and Ir metals, display remarkable efficiency for the formation of carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom bonds. In the first chapter, introduction of transition metal-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions is given. While the formation of C(sp2)–C(sp2) bonds has been studied extensively, C(sp3)-C(sp2) bond formation still presents a challenge ...


Conformational Studies Of Gram-Negative Bacterial Quorum Sensing 3-Oxo N-Acyl Homoserine Lactone Molecules, Darren Crowe, Alan Nicholson, Adrienne Fleming, Ed Carey, Goar Sanchez-Sanz, Fintan Kelleher 2017 Institute of Technology Tallaght

Conformational Studies Of Gram-Negative Bacterial Quorum Sensing 3-Oxo N-Acyl Homoserine Lactone Molecules, Darren Crowe, Alan Nicholson, Adrienne Fleming, Ed Carey, Goar Sanchez-Sanz, Fintan Kelleher

Articles

In their 1H NMR spectra in CDCl3 3-oxo-N-acyl homoserine lactones (OHLs) show significant downfield chemical shifts of the amide N-H proton when compared to the parent N-acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs). NMR spectroscopic and DFT calculation studies have shown that this is most likely due to the presence of a stabilising intramolecular H-bond from the N-H to the 3-oxo group. The 1H NMR spectra also show evidence for the enol tautomers and that the amount of enol present for a range of OHLs is 4.1-4.5% in CDCl3 and 6.5-7.2% in ...


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