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Ryan Caylor, Ryan Caylor 2016 Concordia University - Portland

Ryan Caylor, Ryan Caylor

Matthew E. Wise

Ryan is a senior majoring in chemistry at Concordia University. He plans on graduating in the spring of 2017. After graduation Ryan plans on attending graduate school in the field of meteorology with an interest in becoming a weather man. Ryan is returning to the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in the summer of 2015 to study the chemical composition of secondary organic aerosol particles. He is also a pitcher on the Concordia University baseball team.


Development Of Instrumentation For The Analysis Of Photoconductivity In Functional Materials, Brandon L. Chapman 9741174 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Development Of Instrumentation For The Analysis Of Photoconductivity In Functional Materials, Brandon L. Chapman 9741174

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Comparative Analysis Of In Situ Fibronectin Using Tof-Sims, Spi-Ms, And Dropdesi-Ms In A Microfluidic Reactor, Shannon Fasing, Xiao-Ying Yu, Juan Yao, Jiachao Yu 2016 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Comparative Analysis Of In Situ Fibronectin Using Tof-Sims, Spi-Ms, And Dropdesi-Ms In A Microfluidic Reactor, Shannon Fasing, Xiao-Ying Yu, Juan Yao, Jiachao Yu

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Program Posters

Fibronectin is an important biomolecule due to its role in cell differentiation, growth, kinesis, and adhesion. Such biological responses are mediated through membrane recognition and signaling; where fibronectin is found. Studying the outer molecular surface of fibronectin allows deeper insight into the microbiological reactions that occur during these processes. In situ mass spectrometry analysis in aqueous solution accurately represents fibronectin’s chemical components, made possible by a vacuum compatible microfluidic reactor, SALVI (System for Analysis at the Liquid Vacuum Interface). SALVI was paired with the analytical tools: time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometer (ToF-SIMS), single photon ionization mass spectrometer (SPI-MS) and ...


Determination Of Kinetic Parameters Of Equilibrium Peracetic Acid And Hydrogen Peroxide To Calculate Self-Accelerating Decomposition, Ricky Mittiga 2016 Buffalo State College

Determination Of Kinetic Parameters Of Equilibrium Peracetic Acid And Hydrogen Peroxide To Calculate Self-Accelerating Decomposition, Ricky Mittiga

Multidisciplinary Studies Theses

Determination of Kinetic Parameters of Equilibrium Peracetic Acid and Hydrogen Peroxide to Calculate Self-Accelerating Decomposition Temperature

Peracetic acid is a simple molecule that works as a powerful oxidant in many applications including food safety and water disinfection. The synthesis of the compound is fairly well understood due to its straightforward synthesis by mixing acetic acid and hydrogen peroxide. However, the decomposition of the compound has not been well studied. Few sources are available to provide kinetic data for the decomposition along with data that shows when the compound will undergo a self-accelerated decomposition that could lead to disastrous effects.

This ...


Qualitative Detection Of Selected Designer Drugs And Relevant Metabolites In Environmental Water Samples, Marley Pruyn 2016 Florida International University

Qualitative Detection Of Selected Designer Drugs And Relevant Metabolites In Environmental Water Samples, Marley Pruyn

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Designer drugs are compounds which have been synthetically derived from illicit drugs. After consumption, drugs and their metabolites are introduced into the sewage water which is treated and disposed into the environment. A combined target, suspect and non-target workflow was created to detect designer drugs in environmental water samples. Multiple water samples were spiked with an unknown mixture of drugs and metabolites to assess the efficiency of the method. Samples were collected from sewage influent and effluent pipes, downstream from a sewage outfall and reclaimed water. Analysis was conducted with high resolution MS using the QExactive Orbitrap. Screening was performed ...


Dna Aptamer Confirmation And Utilization For The Cyanotoxin, Cylindrospermopsin, Diane M. Catlin 2016 Florida International University

Dna Aptamer Confirmation And Utilization For The Cyanotoxin, Cylindrospermopsin, Diane M. Catlin

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Cyanotoxins are posing an increasing threat to the health of humans and wildlife. Cylindrospermopsin is a cyanotoxin that occurs in warm climates and is harmful when ingested. The toxic effects of CYN can affect multiple organ systems. The effects, coupled with the evidence of a mass contamination of a water supply in Australia, prove that CYN needs to be investigated further.

Aptamers have become a desirable method for detection of CYN as a result of an aptamer’s high specificity and the ability to scale up experiments. Aptamers have been designed to bind with a variety of targets, including cyanotoxins ...


Development Of A Primary Ion Column For Mass Spectrometry-Based Surface Analysis, Raul A. Villacob 2016 Florida International University

Development Of A Primary Ion Column For Mass Spectrometry-Based Surface Analysis, Raul A. Villacob

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) is a powerful technique for high spatial resolution chemical mapping and characterization of native surfaces. The use of massive cluster projectiles has been shown to extend the applicable mass range of SIMS and improve secondary ion yields 100 fold or beyond. These large projectiles however, present a challenge in terms of focusing due to the initial spatial and kinetic energy spreads inherent to their generation. In the present work, we describe the development and construction of a novel primary ion (PI) column employing a gold nanoparticle – liquid metal ion source (AuNP-LMIS) and the coupling to ...


Gold Nanoparticle-Based Colorimetric Sensors For Detection Of Dna And Small Molecules, Pingping Liang 2016 Florida International University

Gold Nanoparticle-Based Colorimetric Sensors For Detection Of Dna And Small Molecules, Pingping Liang

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Biosensors have proven to be a powerful tool for detecting diverse targets, such as proteins, DNA, and small molecules representing disease biomarkers, toxins, drugs and their metabolites, environmental pollutants, agrichemicals, and antibiotics with high sensitivity and specificity.

The major objective of the research described in this dissertation was to develop low cost, low sample volume, highly sensitive and specific AuNP-based colorimetric sensor platforms for the detection of DNA and small molecules. With this in mind, we propose an instrument-free approach in chapter three for the detection of NADH with a sensor constructed on a paper substrate, based on the target-induced ...


The Corrosion Of Carbon Steel Under Deep Geologic Nuclear Waste Disposal Conditions, Shannon L.W. Hill 2016 The University of Western Ontario

The Corrosion Of Carbon Steel Under Deep Geologic Nuclear Waste Disposal Conditions, Shannon L.W. Hill

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The proposed disposal scenario for high-level nuclear waste (spent fuel) in Canada is emplacement within a sealed, deep geological repository (DGR) located in either granitic rock or sedimentary clay. Disposal is based on a multi-barrier approach, with the primary barrier being a sealed container which could be either dual-walled with a copper shell over an inner carbon steel vessel for granitic rock or a single thick-walled steel container for sedimentary clay. This study focuses on the corrosion behaviour of A516 Gr70 carbon steel as well as the corrosion products formed in a variety of groundwater compositions and concentrations expected within ...


Aqueous Photochemistry Of Glyoxylic Acid, Alexis J. Eugene, Sha-Sha Xia, Marcelo I. Guzman 2016 University of Kentucky

Aqueous Photochemistry Of Glyoxylic Acid, Alexis J. Eugene, Sha-Sha Xia, Marcelo I. Guzman

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Aerosols affect climate change, the energy balance of the atmosphere, and public health due to their variable chemical composition, size, and shape. While the formation of secondary organic aerosols (SOA) from gas phase precursors is relatively well understood, studying aqueous chemical reactions contributing to the total SOA budget is the current focus of major attention. Field measurements have revealed that mono-, di-, and oxo-carboxylic acids are abundant species present in SOA and atmospheric waters. This work explores the fate of one of these 2-oxocarboxylic acids, glyoxylic acid, which can photogenerate reactive species under solar irradiation. Additionally, the dark thermal aging ...


The Study Of Drug Interactions During Separation Using Gas Chromatography – Mass Spectrometry, Leanne Mocniak 2016 Seton Hall University

The Study Of Drug Interactions During Separation Using Gas Chromatography – Mass Spectrometry, Leanne Mocniak

Undergraduate Honors Theses

There are numerous existing techniques for forensic toxicological testing, but each one has limitations. Although there have been significant improvements in these techniques over the past 10 years, it still remains very difficult to successfully identify a wide range of drugs from one sample using a single method [12]. This difficulty arises from the major differences in molecular structure, volatility and stability in solution between these drugs. The overall goal of this study is to develop a method using gas chromatography (GC) coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (GC/MS/MS) to separate and accurately identify 10 different drugs of ...


Dendrimer Modified Silica Nanoparticles As Fluorescent Chemosensors For The Detection Of Copper And Cyanide Ions, Alicia Luhrs 2016 University of San Francisco

Dendrimer Modified Silica Nanoparticles As Fluorescent Chemosensors For The Detection Of Copper And Cyanide Ions, Alicia Luhrs

Master's Theses

A series of silica nanoparticle-based fluorescent chemosensors were synthesized for the sensitive and selective detection of Cu2+ ions in aqueous solution and subsequent CN- ion detection. Silica nanoparticles (SNP) were modified with branching polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers, which function as selective turn-off Cu2+ ion chelators and platforms for the attachment of rhodamine isothiocyanate (RITC) or fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) fluorescent dyes. In the presence of Cu2+ ions, the emission of the fluorescent dye is quenched by Forster resonance energy transfer (FRET) and is dependent upon dendrimer generation, pH, fluorescent dye, and surface charge. The quenching effectiveness was analyzed by ...


Application Of An Ionic Liquid Column To The Analysis Of Flavor And Fragrance Ingredients, Nicole L. Curto 2016 Seton Hall University

Application Of An Ionic Liquid Column To The Analysis Of Flavor And Fragrance Ingredients, Nicole L. Curto

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Traditional, polar (polyethylene glycol/wax) stationary phase gas chromatography columns pose challenges for flavor and fragrance analysis particularly in regards to thermal instability at high temperatures, degradation when exposed to water, unchanging selectivity, and relatively short shelf lives. Recently, capillary columns using ionic liquids as stationary phases have become available. Ionic liquid columns offer a potential combination of high polarity and high temperature stability with unique selectivity. An in depth discussion about the history and development of column phase characterization, with specific emphasis on selectivity and polarity, will allow for a critical look at the polarity scale currently employed to ...


A Pilot Study Analyzing Solvents In Electronic Cigarette “E-Liquid” Using High Performance Liquid Chromatography, Austin Matranga, Olivia Sellers, Matthew Gartner 2016 Chapman University

A Pilot Study Analyzing Solvents In Electronic Cigarette “E-Liquid” Using High Performance Liquid Chromatography, Austin Matranga, Olivia Sellers, Matthew Gartner

Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

Introduction: Electronic cigarettes, also known as an e-cigarette, are battery-powered devices that use a heating element to convert a liquid (“e-liquid”) into an inhalable aerosol. Their advertised use is as a nicotine delivery system minus the harmful chemicals. Since “e-liquids” and the electronic cigarettes are not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration, it is not well known under what conditions, if any, carcinogenic compounds are produced. There has been little research on the toxicity of electronic cigarettes. The aim of this study was to determine if formaldehyde or acetaldehyde are formed from the e-liquid by the high heat of ...


An Experimental And Theoretical Study Of Proton Affinity In Proline-Containing Dipeptides: Exploring The “Proline Effect”, Anton Luke Lachowicz 2016 College of William and Mary

An Experimental And Theoretical Study Of Proton Affinity In Proline-Containing Dipeptides: Exploring The “Proline Effect”, Anton Luke Lachowicz

College of William & Mary Undergraduate Honors Theses

Mass Spectrometry is a very useful technique for proteomics studies. Currently Bottom-up proteomics uses peptide-sequencing databases to identify peptides from fragmentation spectra. However, these databases lack information about selective fragmentation of proline containing peptides, resulting in the failure of that peptide being sequenced. The selective cleavage proline causes during low-energy dissociations in the gas-phase is known as the “proline effect.” In order to better understand the proline effect, the proton affinity of proline-containing dipeptides is obtained theoretically using B3LYP and compared to experimental values from an extended kinetic method experiment on a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer. Pro-Pro, Pro-Phe and Phe-Pro ...


Fragmentation Studies Of Lysine And Lysine Analog Containing Tetrapeptides, Zachariah Imran Hasan 2016 College of William and Mary

Fragmentation Studies Of Lysine And Lysine Analog Containing Tetrapeptides, Zachariah Imran Hasan

College of William & Mary Undergraduate Honors Theses

The fragmentation patterns of lysine and lysine-analog containing tetrapeptides were analyzed in this study using collision induced dissociation (CID) in an ESI-ion trap mass spectrometer. Understanding the fragmentation mechanisms of lysine-containing peptides is integral to improving bottom-up proteomics techniques and peptide sequencing and searching algorithms. Lysine and its non-protein amino acid (NPAA) analogs ornithine, DABA, and DAPA have been shown to affect fragmentation patterns based on their basicities in dipeptides and tripeptides. Studies have shown the occurrence of sequence scrambling due to macrocyclization of pentapeptides during fragmentation, which can result in inaccurate database matching. This study of the twenty tetrapeptides ...


Peptide Fragmentation Studies On Doubly Charged Proline And Pipecolic Acid Containing Pentapeptides And Methods Development For An Hplc/Ms Instrument For Proteomics Experiments, Hannah Emily Smith 2016 College of William and Mary

Peptide Fragmentation Studies On Doubly Charged Proline And Pipecolic Acid Containing Pentapeptides And Methods Development For An Hplc/Ms Instrument For Proteomics Experiments, Hannah Emily Smith

College of William & Mary Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis presents fragmentation studies as well as proteomics studies performed using mass spectrometry. Peptide fragmentation was performed on both singly and doubly charged peptides containing either a proline or pipecolic acid residue, as well as either an arginine or lysine residue using collision-induced dissociation. Results showed that altering the position of pipecolic acid or proline in relation to arginine or lysine can affect the formation of doubly charged product ions, which may be a result in change of the proton affinity of the basic residue. Proteomics experiments were performed on a new HPLC/LTQ instrument using a standardized sample ...


Curing Of Polymer Thermosets Via Click Reactions, Mark Richard Brei 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Curing Of Polymer Thermosets Via Click Reactions, Mark Richard Brei

Dissertations

In the first project, an azide functional resin and tetra propargyl aromatic diamines were fabricated for use as a composite matrix. These systems take already established epoxy/amine matrices and functionalize them with click moieties. This allows lower temperatures to be used in the production of a thermoset part. These new systems yield many better mechanical properties than their epoxy/amine derivatives, but their Tgs are low in comparison.

The second project investigates the characterization of a linear system based off of the above azide functional resin and a difunctional alkyne. Through selectively choosing catalyst the linear system ...


Immobilization Of Heteropolyacids In Silica Gel, Opeyemi Adetola 2016 East Tennessee State University

Immobilization Of Heteropolyacids In Silica Gel, Opeyemi Adetola

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Silica gels containing incorporated heteropolyacids (HPAs) were synthesized in acidic media by co-condensation of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) with phosphotungstic or phosphomolybdic acids using sol-gel technique. Effect of the synthesis conditions on their structure and morphology was studied. Yields of modified materials were some lower as compared to non-modified silica gels. All materials were mesoporous but contained micropores in their structures. Presence of bands of Keggin’s structures in FT-IR spectra along with absence of XRD patterns of crystalline HPAs confirmed their fine incorporation into silica network. Particle sizes of modified materials were 800-1100 nm excepting for W-containing sample obtained with trimethylstearylammonium ...


Facilitating Conceptual Learning In Quantitative Chemistry, Sarah R. Johnson 2016 East Tennessee State University

Facilitating Conceptual Learning In Quantitative Chemistry, Sarah R. Johnson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Traditional chemistry laboratory courses have a manual consisting of “step-by-step” experiments; instructions are given to complete experiments, requiring minimal information/concepts processing to be successful. This experience leaves students unprepared for the real-world, where critical thinking skills are needed to conduct research. This study focused on building analytical techniques, conceptual knowledge, and critical thinking skills used to solve research problems. A new quantitative chemistry laboratory manual was developed to transition students from traditional to inquiry-based experiments, requiring analytical method development. Data showed students having less difficulty using the new manual (0.8281 average difficulty) on method development exam questions and ...


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