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The Reveal: A Technical Study And Conservation Treatment Of An Overpaint Portrait, Camille Ferrer 2024 SUNY University at Buffalo

The Reveal: A Technical Study And Conservation Treatment Of An Overpaint Portrait, Camille Ferrer

Art Conservation Master's Projects

A severely damaged 19th-century oil painting depicting a portrait of a woman was treated at Patricia H. and E. Garman Art Conservation Department. A typed letter provided by the owner mentioned that it has been previously restored yet returned with unsatisfactory results. After further examination, the painting appeared to have been previously treated multiple times by different people. There was overpaint distinctly present on the face and later discovered to be present overall. The full state of condition of the painting was initially unknown due to the sum of the surface being overpainted. However, there were evidence of paint loss …


Ten Most Important Scientific Questions In Electrochemistey, Chinese Society of Electrochemistry 2024 Chinese Chemical Society | Xiamen University

Ten Most Important Scientific Questions In Electrochemistey, Chinese Society Of Electrochemistry

Journal of Electrochemistry

No abstract provided.


Monodispersed Cu-Tcpp/Cu2O Hybrid Microspheres: A Superior Cascade Electrocatalyst Toward Co2 Reduction To C2 Products, Zi-Xuan Wan, Aidar Kuchkaev, Dmitry Yakhvarov, Xiong-Wu Kang 2024 New Energy Research Institute, School of Environment and Energy, South China University of Technology, Higher Education Mega Center, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, China

Monodispersed Cu-Tcpp/Cu2O Hybrid Microspheres: A Superior Cascade Electrocatalyst Toward Co2 Reduction To C2 Products, Zi-Xuan Wan, Aidar Kuchkaev, Dmitry Yakhvarov, Xiong-Wu Kang

Journal of Electrochemistry

The electrochemical conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) into valuable chemicals is a feasible way to mitigate the negative impacts of overmuch CO2 emissions. Porphyrin-based metal organic frameworks (MOFs) are expected to be used for selective and efficient electrochemical CO2 reduction (ECR) with porous structure and ordered active sites. Herein, we report the synthesis of a monodispersed and spherical organic/inorganic hybrid Cu-TCPP@Cu2O electrocatalyst composed of Cu-TCPP (TCPP=tetrakis (4-carboxyphenyl) porphyrin) and Cu2O, where TCPP plays significant roles in regulating the morphology. In-situ formed Cu during ECR process in combination with Cu-TCPP (Cu-TCPP@Cu) can suppress …


Development Of Novel Protein Digestion And Quantitation Methods For Mass Spectrometic Analysis, Yongling Ai 2023 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Development Of Novel Protein Digestion And Quantitation Methods For Mass Spectrometic Analysis, Yongling Ai

Dissertations

Proteins are the workhorses of biology, playing multifaceted roles in maintaining cellular function, signaling, and response to environmental cues. Understanding their abundance and dynamics is pivotal for unraveling the complexities of biological processes, which underpins the foundations of molecular and cellular biology. Accurate measurement of protein quantities provides insights into cellular homeostasis, facilitates the discovery of biomarkers, and sheds light on the molecular mechanisms of diseases, bridging the gap between the molecular intricacies of proteins and their functional consequences in health and disease. The evolution of protein quantitation methodologies, from classical colorimetric assays to sophisticated mass spectrometry-based approaches, has expanded …


Assessing The Performance Of Newly Developed Silica Nanoparticles Against Lead And Phosphate Ion Removal From Contaminated Solutions Using Adsorption Isotherm, Hasan Shamseddine, Nour Abi Aad, Rami Oweini, Ghassan Younes 2023 Faculty of Science, Beirut Arab University, Debbieh, Lebanon

Assessing The Performance Of Newly Developed Silica Nanoparticles Against Lead And Phosphate Ion Removal From Contaminated Solutions Using Adsorption Isotherm, Hasan Shamseddine, Nour Abi Aad, Rami Oweini, Ghassan Younes

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

This study investigates the removal of Lead and Phosphate ion from aqueous solution using new silica nanoparticles doped with europium (H1) which was characterized using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS), Fourier-transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). The aim of this research is to develop a novel adsorbent material that can efficiently remove contaminated ions from wastewater or aqueous solutions. The adsorption of lead and phosphate ion onto the silica nanoparticles is investigated, and the efficiency of this removal is evaluated. Equilibrium data analysis reveals linear fitting with Langmuir isotherm with 24.76 mg/g Lead ion uptake, while for phosphate the …


Intelligent Control Based On Bp Artificial Neural Network For Electrochemical Nitrate Removal, Xin-Wan Zhang, Guang-Yuan Meng, Li-Qiang Fang, Ding-ming Chang, Tong Li, Jin-Wen Hu, Peng Chen, Yong-Di Liu, Le-Hua Zhang 2023 National Engineering Laboratory of High Concentration Refractory Organic Wastewater Treatment Technology, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai200237, China

Intelligent Control Based On Bp Artificial Neural Network For Electrochemical Nitrate Removal, Xin-Wan Zhang, Guang-Yuan Meng, Li-Qiang Fang, Ding-Ming Chang, Tong Li, Jin-Wen Hu, Peng Chen, Yong-Di Liu, Le-Hua Zhang

Journal of Electrochemistry

Achieving effective control of parameters in the process of nitrate wastewater treatment is critical to electrochemical water treatment. The powerful nonlinear mapping ability, self-adaptation and self-learning ability of neural network technology can optimize the electrochemical processing. However, there are few researches in this direction. Hence, based on the test data of the electrochemical reduction of nitrate, an electrochemical prediction model was established by using the BP neural network algorithm. Considering the correlation of various parameters in the electrochemical process, the reaction time, initial nitrate nitrogen concentration, pH and current density were determined as the input layer of the BP neural …


Investigation Of Zinc And Iron In Wildflower Honey, Savannah Simpson 2023 Coastal Carolina University

Investigation Of Zinc And Iron In Wildflower Honey, Savannah Simpson

Honors Theses

Honey acts as a valuable food source for both animals and humans. When found in contaminated environments, there is an increased likelihood that honey samples will have high metal concentrations. It has been discovered that honey concentrations in metals can be different based on location. This experiment aims to determine the amount of two valuable metals, zinc, and iron, in various honey sources. These metals can be important to the human body because they help boost immunity and allow the body to carry out the functions required for survival. However, if these elements are present in copious quantities, then it …


Differentiation Of Human, Dog, And Cat Hair Fibers Using Dart Tofms And Machine Learning, Laura Ahumada, Erin R. McClure-Price, Chad Kwong, Edgard O. Espinoza, John Santerre 2023 Southern Methodist University

Differentiation Of Human, Dog, And Cat Hair Fibers Using Dart Tofms And Machine Learning, Laura Ahumada, Erin R. Mcclure-Price, Chad Kwong, Edgard O. Espinoza, John Santerre

SMU Data Science Review

Hair is found in over 90% of crime scenes and has long been analyzed as trace evidence. However, recent reviews of traditional hair fiber analysis techniques, primarily morphological examination, have cast doubt on its reliability. To address these concerns, this study employed machine learning algorithms, specifically Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) and Random Forest, on Direct Analysis in Real Time time-of-flight mass spectra collected from human, cat, and dog hair samples. The objective was to develop a chemistry- and statistics-based classification method for unbiased taxonomic identification of hair. The results of the study showed that LDA and Random Forest were highly …


An Inkjet-Printed Graphene Oxide–Poly(3,4-Ethylenedioxythiophene) Poly(Styrene Sulfonate) Electrode For Nitrite Detection In Water, Budi Riza Putra, Weni Anindya, Mohamad Rafi, Ika Kartika, Yudi Nugraha Thaha, Aga Ridhova, Wulan Tri Wahyuni 2023 Research Center for Metallurgy, National Research and Innovation Agency, Banten 15314, Indonesia

An Inkjet-Printed Graphene Oxide–Poly(3,4-Ethylenedioxythiophene) Poly(Styrene Sulfonate) Electrode For Nitrite Detection In Water, Budi Riza Putra, Weni Anindya, Mohamad Rafi, Ika Kartika, Yudi Nugraha Thaha, Aga Ridhova, Wulan Tri Wahyuni

Makara Journal of Science

In this study, a screen-printed electrode (SPE) for nitrite (NO2) sensing was fabricated through an inkjet printing technique using a commercial printer machine and preparing an ink composite solution containing graphene oxide (GO) and poly(3,4 ethylenedioxythiophene) poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) as conductive materials. The optimum ink materials for SPE fabrication comprised GO and PEDOT:PSS with binders that resemble the viscosity of commercial ink. The surface topography of the fabricated SPE, which was characterized using scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy, showed a smoother surface compared to the commercial screen-printed carbon electrode, with conductive ink materials deposited primarily …


Towards The Quantification Of Estrone And 17Β-Estradiol Conjugates In Dairy Cattle Urine Sorptive Stir Bar Extraction And Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectometry, S.M. Istiak Ahmed 2023 Western Kentucky University

Towards The Quantification Of Estrone And 17Β-Estradiol Conjugates In Dairy Cattle Urine Sorptive Stir Bar Extraction And Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectometry, S.M. Istiak Ahmed

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The global concern regarding the presence of compounds with estrogenic properties in the environment has grown significantly. Endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDCs) are environmental pollutants that disrupt the endocrine systems of both wildlife and humans. Estrogens, with their potent estrogenic effects, are particularly noteworthy among the various substances with endocrine-disrupting properties. They are of concern due to their prevalence in the environment, especially due to dairy waste contamination. These lipophilic compounds can accumulate in livestock fat tissues, potentially entering the human food chain. Sulfated forms of estrone and β- estriol, which exhibit a higher degree of saturation than their non-conjugated counterparts, have …


The Influence Of Ion-Ion Correlations On Conductivity In Concentrated Ionic Systems, MD DIPU AHMED 2023 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Influence Of Ion-Ion Correlations On Conductivity In Concentrated Ionic Systems, Md Dipu Ahmed

Masters Theses

This study delves into the fascinating realm of concentrated ionic systems, such as ionic liquids, superionic materials, organic ionic plastic crystals, and polyelectrolytes, which hold immense potential for energy storage applications. The focus is on understanding the intricate role of ionic correlations in shaping their ionic conductivity behavior. These correlations can either boost or impede conductivity, yet their underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Through extensive investigation of various materials, including ionic liquids with differing anionic masses, pure organic ionic plastic crystals, and doped systems, this research employs advanced techniques like dielectric spectroscopy and innovative momentum conservation models to quantify these correlations. …


Method Development And Validation Of Total Mercury Content In Effluent Wastewater By Cold Vapor Atomic Fluorescence Spectroscopy, Sandra N. Ogedengbe 2023 Buffalo State University

Method Development And Validation Of Total Mercury Content In Effluent Wastewater By Cold Vapor Atomic Fluorescence Spectroscopy, Sandra N. Ogedengbe

Forensic Science Master's Projects

The presence and concentration of ambient mercury contamination in our natural environment and workplaces will continue to be closely monitored and regulated as it imposes grave implications and serious risks to human health. Ongoing quantitative analysis has already become a routine part of industrial chemical plants’ in-process and end-stage testing. Mercury contamination in waste generated by these chemical processes can present substantial operational hurdles, as compliance must be demonstrated by treatment, accurate measurement, and timely reporting of waste materials against stringently low limits before release into natural bodies of water or the municipal water supply.

An accurate and reliable low-level …


Integration Of Raman Spectroscopy And Python-Based Data Analysis For Advancing Neurobiological Research, Natalie E. Dunn 2023 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Integration Of Raman Spectroscopy And Python-Based Data Analysis For Advancing Neurobiological Research, Natalie E. Dunn

Doctoral Dissertations

The field of Raman spectroscopy continues to expand into biological applications due to its usefulness as a non-invasive technique that can be utilized qualitatively and quantitatively. However, the inherent weakness of Raman scattering leads to the need for each collected spectra to undergo a preprocessing step to remove noise, background drift, and cosmic rays. Biological research in particular needs large datasets due to the increased variability in samples. As datasets grow, the need to perform preprocessing on each individual spectra becomes daunting. Often, these steps are done by hand with the help of specialized software programs. Preprocessing can be accelerated …


A Noninvasive Urine-Based Method For Kidney Cancer Early Detection, Kiana Holbrook 2023 University of Texas at El Paso

A Noninvasive Urine-Based Method For Kidney Cancer Early Detection, Kiana Holbrook

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Based on the traditional serological uses to obtain diagnoses of cancer and biopsy techniques, common cancer detection could be not only invasive but expensive and some tests are also unreliable. Currently, urine is one of the most frequently used and collected specimens in the clinical diagnoses. While the areas of urinalysis and metabolomic profiling has received interest in the top clinical research, there are limited components to the validity, specificity, as well as sensitivity of endogenous urine substrates to detect early stages of cancers. Although there is research showcasing that urine is impacted by age, cancer type, geographical location, and …


Electrodeposition Studies Of Gold Nanoparticles And Alginate Hydrogel Films., Harikrishnan Nambiathan Nambiar 2023 University of Louisville

Electrodeposition Studies Of Gold Nanoparticles And Alginate Hydrogel Films., Harikrishnan Nambiathan Nambiar

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation investigates the electrochemical deposition (ECD) and electrophoretic deposition (EPD) processes involving citrate (cit)-stabilized Au nanoparticles (NPs) and calcium alginate (Ca-Alg-Au NP) hydrogel films. The first part of the dissertation investigates the influence of NP size, surface area (SA) coverage, and ligand stabilizers on the electrochemical growth of Au on Au NPs, aiming to enhance our understanding of the growth process during the nucleation and growth of metal NPs. The growth kinetics depend on Au NP size (4 nm > 15 nm > 50 nm) for a constant SA coverage, as determined by the overpotentials for ECD. The growth rate increases …


Studies On Electrochemical Hydrogen Isotope Separation, Liyanage Mayura Sankalpa Silva 2023 Clemson University

Studies On Electrochemical Hydrogen Isotope Separation, Liyanage Mayura Sankalpa Silva

All Dissertations

Graphene-integrated Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) electrochemical cells have emerged as a novel area of scientific investigation in the realm of hydrogen isotope separation. Chemical Vapor Deposited (CVD) graphene has been especially useful due to its large-scale production capability for scaling-up purposes. The research described in this dissertation explores the role that inadvertent introduction of cations, notably ammonium and copper, during the CVD graphene transfer onto PEM substrates, such as Nafion, might play in affecting hydrogen ion transport and isotope separation in PEM electrochemical cells. An extensive review of existing literature exposed a gap concerning unintentional cation introductions during graphene transfer, …


Reactive Chemistries For Protein Labeling, Degradation, And Stimuli Responsive Delivery, Myrat Kurbanov 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Reactive Chemistries For Protein Labeling, Degradation, And Stimuli Responsive Delivery, Myrat Kurbanov

Doctoral Dissertations

Reactive chemistries for protein chemical modification play an instrumental role in chemical biology, proteomics, and therapeutics. Depending on the application, the selectivity of these modifications can range from precise modification of an amino acid sequence by genetic manipulation of protein expression machinery to a stochastic modification of lysine residues on the protein surface. Ligand-Directed (LD) chemistry is one of the few methods for targeted modification of endogenous proteins without genetic engineering. However, current LD strategies are limited by stringent amino acid selectivity. To bridge this gap, this thesis focuses on the development of highly reactive LD Triggerable Michael Acceptors (LD-TMAcs) …


Binding Interactions Of Biologically Relevant Molecules Studied Using Surface-Modified And Nanostructured Surfaces, Palak Sondhi 2023 University of Missouri–St. Louis

Binding Interactions Of Biologically Relevant Molecules Studied Using Surface-Modified And Nanostructured Surfaces, Palak Sondhi

Dissertations

This research focuses on the field of surface nanobioscience, wherein different nanosurfaces that will be used as working electrodes in the electrochemical cell are manufactured and surface modified to understand the critical binding interactions between biologically significant molecules like proteins, carbohydrates, small drug molecules, and glycoproteins. This research is essential if we are to determine whether a synthetic molecule can serve as a therapeutic candidate or diagnose a disease in its early stages. In order to fully understand the binding interactions, the study begins with defining some of the fundamental concepts, principles, and analytical tools for biosensing.

Afterwards, we addressed …


Evaluation Of Iron Element By New Cpe Method And (Icp-Ms) In The Wastewater Of The Lifting And Treatment Stations, Mohammed Nasser Hussain, Ahmed Fadhil Khudhair, Hussain Jawad Ahmed 2023 Department of chemistry, college of science, University of Kerbala, Karbala, Iraq

Evaluation Of Iron Element By New Cpe Method And (Icp-Ms) In The Wastewater Of The Lifting And Treatment Stations, Mohammed Nasser Hussain, Ahmed Fadhil Khudhair, Hussain Jawad Ahmed

Al-Bahir Journal for Engineering and Pure Sciences

A new micell-mediated phase separation technique has been created to preconcentrate levels of iron before measuring it using a UV-Vis spectrophotometer. The method is based on the extraction of iron from the 1-Nitroso-2- naphthol reagent using Triton X-114 in a cloud point extraction procedure, where the method's ideal conditions were attained. 0.2 mL of Triton X-114, 2.887 mmol. L-1 of 1-Nitroso-2-naphthol reagent, pH = 8, 60 ºC. The Iron detection limit for the method is 0.05 µg. mL-1, and the RSD% is 4.728 µg. mL-1. Linearity was maintained in the iron concentration range of 0.25 to 16 µg. mL-1. Furthermore, …


Coupling Chemical And Genomic Data Of Marine Sediment-Associated Bacteria For Metabolite Profiling, Stephanie P. Suarez 2023 University of South Florida

Coupling Chemical And Genomic Data Of Marine Sediment-Associated Bacteria For Metabolite Profiling, Stephanie P. Suarez

USF Tampa Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Marine sediment-associated bacteria house many new and exciting novel secondary metabolites. These metabolites can be tested for bioactivity against various types of cancer and fungal, bacterial, and viral infections. In this thesis, we investigated the combination of biosynthetic gene cluster information with mass spectra to perform a chemical profiling of sediment- associated bacteria. Furthermore, we utilized a scoring technique to provide an identification and confidence score to each annotated compound. The sediment was collected from east Arthur Harbor, Palmer Station, Antarctica, at depths of 20 ft and 60 ft. After plating on agar, 52 unique bacterial strains were isolated, with …


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