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A High Throughput Approach For The Generation Of Orthogonally Interacting Protein Pairs, Justin Lawrie, Xi Song, Wei Niu, Jiantao Guo 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

A High Throughput Approach For The Generation Of Orthogonally Interacting Protein Pairs, Justin Lawrie, Xi Song, Wei Niu, Jiantao Guo

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

In contrast to the nearly error-free self-assembly of protein architectures in nature, artificial assembly of protein complexes with pre-defined structure and function in vitro is still challenging. To mimic nature’s strategy to construct pre-defined three-dimensional protein architectures, highly specific proteinprotein interacting pairs are needed. Here we report an effort to create an orthogonally interacting protein pair from its parental pair using a bacteria-based in vivo directed evolution strategy. This high throughput approach features a combination of a negative and a positive selection. The newly developed negative selection from this work was used to remove any protein mutants that retain ...


Abnormal Phase Transition Between Two-Dimensional High-Density Liquid Crystal And Low-Density Crystalline Solid Phases, Wenbin Li, Longjuan Kong, Baojie Feng, Huixia Fu, Hui Li, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Kehui Wu, Lan Chen 2018 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

Abnormal Phase Transition Between Two-Dimensional High-Density Liquid Crystal And Low-Density Crystalline Solid Phases, Wenbin Li, Longjuan Kong, Baojie Feng, Huixia Fu, Hui Li, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Kehui Wu, Lan Chen

Xiao Cheng Zeng Publications

Some two-dimensional liquid systems are theoretically predicted to have an anomalous phase transition due to unique intermolecular interactions, for example the first-order transition between two-dimensional high-density water and low-density amorphous ice. However, it has never been experimentally observed, to the best of our knowledge. Here we report an entropy-driven phase transition between a high-density liquid crystal and low-density crystalline solid, directly observed by scanning tunneling microscope in carbon monoxide adsorbed on Cu(111). Combined with first principle calculations, we find that repulsive dipole–dipole interactions between carbon monoxide molecules lead to unconventional thermodynamics. This finding of unconventional thermodynamics in two-dimensional ...


On The Hyperbolicity Of The Two-Fluid Model For Gas–Liquid Bubbly Flows, Nithin Panicker, Alberto Passalacqua, Rodney O. Fox 2018 Iowa State University

On The Hyperbolicity Of The Two-Fluid Model For Gas–Liquid Bubbly Flows, Nithin Panicker, Alberto Passalacqua, Rodney O. Fox

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

The hyperbolicity condition of the system of partial differential equations (PDEs) of the incompressible two-fluid model, applied to gas–liquid flows, is investigated. It is shown that the addition of a dispersion term, which depends on the drag coefficient and the gradient of the gas volume fraction, ensures the hyperbolicity of the PDEs, and prevents the nonphysical onset of instabilities in the predicted multiphase flows upon grid refinement. A constraint to be satisfied by the coefficient of the dispersion term to ensure hyperbolicity is obtained. The effect of the dispersion term on the numerical solution and on its grid convergence ...


Relationships Among Vitamin D Deficiency, Metabolic Syndrome, Smoking Behavior, And Physical Activity, Ethan Pham 2018 Walden University

Relationships Among Vitamin D Deficiency, Metabolic Syndrome, Smoking Behavior, And Physical Activity, Ethan Pham

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Aging increases the risk of both vitamin D deficiency and metabolic syndrome. Vitamin D deficiency and metabolic syndrome may be related, although there are mixed findings. Furthermore, literature suggests other factors such as physical fitness activity and smoking behavior are associated with Vitamin D deficiency and the development of metabolic syndrome. A number of studies have documented associations between Vitamin D levels and physical fitness activities, while other studies found correlations between Vitamin D levels, metabolic syndrome, and smoking behavior. However, no previous study has examined the links between physical fitness activity, smoking behavior, Vitamin D levels, and the risks ...


Towards A Greater Understanding Of Post-Translational Modification Of Transcription Factor, Arsr, In Helicobacter Pylori Via Bottom-Up Proteomics: Methods Development For Electrospray And Nanospray Approaches, Theresa Gozzo 2017 College of William and Mary

Towards A Greater Understanding Of Post-Translational Modification Of Transcription Factor, Arsr, In Helicobacter Pylori Via Bottom-Up Proteomics: Methods Development For Electrospray And Nanospray Approaches, Theresa Gozzo

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Studies presented here work towards the analysis of post-translational modification of the essential ArsR transcription factor of Helicobacter pylori. A human health hazard, H. pylori contributes to the development of gastric cancer and peptic ulcers in its hosts. It is of interest to study the mechanisms that allow the bacterium to survive long term in the harsh stomach environment. The ArsRS signaling pathway mediates the repression of sabA, the gene coding for the adhesin protein, SabA, in acidic conditions. The repression is dependent on histidine kinase, ArsS, but independent of phosphorylation of ArsR at the canonical aspartic acid 52 (D52 ...


Bioinformatic And Biophysical Analyses Of Proteins, Jonathan Catazaro 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Bioinformatic And Biophysical Analyses Of Proteins, Jonathan Catazaro

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

The prevailing dogma in structural genomics is the existence of a strong correlation between protein sequence, structure, and biological function. Proteins with high sequence similarity typically have a similar, if not the same, structure and function. In many cases this logic can fail due to distantly related proteins having very low sequence similarity, a lack of a representative structure, structural novelty, or the absence of a characterized function. Further, the paradigm fails to account for dynamics, which have a significant effect on structural stability and enzymatic efficacy.

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is uniquely capable of solving the structure, assisting ...


Unmanned Aerial Systems For Monitoring Trace Tropospheric Gases, Travis J. Schuyler, Marcelo I. Guzman 2017 University of Kentucky

Unmanned Aerial Systems For Monitoring Trace Tropospheric Gases, Travis J. Schuyler, Marcelo I. Guzman

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) has changed the composition of the atmosphere during the Anthropocene. Accurately documenting the sources and magnitude of GHGs emission is an important undertaking for discriminating the contributions of different processes to radiative forcing. Currently there is no mobile platform that is able to quantify trace gases at altitudes(UASs) can be deployed on-site in minutes and can support the payloads necessary to quantify trace gases. Therefore, current efforts combine the use of UASs available on the civilian market with inexpensively designed analytical systems for monitoring atmospheric trace gases. In this context, this perspective introduces ...


Distinct Ice Patterns On Solid Surfaces With Various Wettabilities, Jie Liu, Chongqin Zhu, Kai Liu, Ying Jiang, Yanlin Song, Joseph S. Francisco, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Jianjun Wang 2017 Chinese Academy of Sciences

Distinct Ice Patterns On Solid Surfaces With Various Wettabilities, Jie Liu, Chongqin Zhu, Kai Liu, Ying Jiang, Yanlin Song, Joseph S. Francisco, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Jianjun Wang

Xiao Cheng Zeng Publications

No relationship has been established between surface wettability and ice growth patterns, although ice often forms on top of solid surfaces. Here, we report experimental observations obtained using a process specially designed to avoid the influence of nucleation and describe the wettability-dependent ice morphology on solid surfaces under atmospheric conditions and the discovery of two growth modes of ice crystals: along-surface and off-surface growth modes. Using atomistic molecular dynamics simulation analysis, we show that these distinct ice growth phenomena are attributable to the presence (or absence) of bilayer ice on solid surfaces with different wettability; that is, the formation of ...


Fabrication And Characterization Of Cuins₂ And Cuinse₂ Light-Absorbing Thin Films For Use In Solar Cells, Amy R. Tapley 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Fabrication And Characterization Of Cuins₂ And Cuinse₂ Light-Absorbing Thin Films For Use In Solar Cells, Amy R. Tapley

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Solar energy is free and globally abundant and harnessed cost-effectively, it has the potential to be the world’s main source of energy. CuInGa(S,Se)2 solar cells have a very high efficiency of 20 %. However, gallium is a rare and expensive element. We have decided to work on its alternative CuInSe2 (CISe) and CuInS2 (CIS) by removing gallium or both gallium and selenium. The p-type CISe or CIS light-absorbing semiconducting layer is crucial for this type of solar cell. Preparation methods for CIS and CISe films were developed to reduce the costs and enhance the photoelectrochemical ...


Instrumental Aspects Of Oxygen Sensing: Quantitation And Recalibration Of A Biofouled Oxygen Sensor, Marlena Patrick 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Instrumental Aspects Of Oxygen Sensing: Quantitation And Recalibration Of A Biofouled Oxygen Sensor, Marlena Patrick

Theses and Dissertations

In vivo oxygen sensing is a critical area of research for medical applications, such as ischemic stroke, but this important topic is not fully understood or resolved. In addition, the best method for calibration of in vivo sensors is as yet undetermined. For all implantable devices, biofouling, the adsorption of biological material to the device surface, is another significant problem with no clear or well-defined solution. One method employed is to apply a protective polymer membrane to the sensor surface in order to minimize the adsorption of biological material. The work described here investigates two polymers applied to a gold ...


Controlled Electrochemical Synthesis Of Single One-Dimensional Metal Nanochains Across Microgap Electrodes., Amareshwari Konutham 2017 University of Louisville

Controlled Electrochemical Synthesis Of Single One-Dimensional Metal Nanochains Across Microgap Electrodes., Amareshwari Konutham

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study mainly focuses on the fabrication of single one dimensional (1D) NP chains across the 5-micron gap of Au two electrode devices (TED). This has been achieved by electrochemical deposition of Ag onto the two electrodes, soaking the TED in 0.1 M Cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide for 2-3 hours, and then close monitoring of the current as a function of time while a voltage across the two Ag coated Au electrodes in air. One dimensional Ag nanoparticle chain formation occurred by oxidation of Ag to Ag+ at the positive electrode followed by movement of Ag+ ions to the negative ...


Geochemical Fractionation, Speciation, And Bioavailability Of Heavy Metals In Stream Sediments In Aurora, Mo, Miles Pearson 2017 Missouri State University

Geochemical Fractionation, Speciation, And Bioavailability Of Heavy Metals In Stream Sediments In Aurora, Mo, Miles Pearson

MSU Graduate Theses

Stream sediments from Chat Creek in Aurora, MO, part of the former Tristate Mining District, were digested via a sequential extraction procedure modeled after the Tessier method. Prior sampling had shown elevated levels of zinc, lead, and cadmium in sediments located near former chat piles. Metals in sediments were divided into four geochemical fractions: 1) easily exchangeable, 2) carbonate-bound, 3) iron-manganese oxides-bound, and 4) organic matter-bound. The distribution of the metals within these fractions can help predict the bioavailability and speciation of said metals. The majority of metals were contained in the third and to a lesser extent the fourth ...


New Optical And Electrochemical Probes For Trace Chemicals With Health And Environmental Impacts, Thomas Stewart Carpenter 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

New Optical And Electrochemical Probes For Trace Chemicals With Health And Environmental Impacts, Thomas Stewart Carpenter

Doctoral Dissertations

The work in this dissertation focuses on the development of probes for the analysis of trace chemicals in samples with health and environmental impacts. A paper, Cu(copper)-based colorimetric probe was developed for the detection of toxic hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas. A modified Kipp’s apparatus was used to generate desired concentrations of H2S in a total volume of 1.35 L (liters). The probe shows a qualitative response down to 60 ppb (parts per billion), indicating its ability to be used in industrial settings as a replacement for the commonly used lead acetate strips ...


Magnetic Nanostructure Application In Sers Detection Of Melatonin And Resonance Raman Characterization Of Binding Of Catechol Moieties With Antibiotic, Siqi Sun 2017 University of South Florida

Magnetic Nanostructure Application In Sers Detection Of Melatonin And Resonance Raman Characterization Of Binding Of Catechol Moieties With Antibiotic, Siqi Sun

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Raman spectroscopy provides characteristic peaks of the target molecules that can be observed with appropriate laser, spectrometer and detector. These characteristic peaks can reveal ‘fingerprint’ information of a molecule even in a myriad of cases and combinations. It makes Raman spectroscopy a highly sensitive and selective analytical technique. Raman spectroscopy has a variety of chemical, environmental and biological applications. In this dissertation, modified Raman method are applied in life sciences and pharmaceutical studies.

The major challenge against development of Raman spectroscopy is how to improve the intensity of Raman signal. Surface Enhance Raman Scattering (SERS) and resonance Raman(RR) are ...


Synthesis Of Au/Ag, Pd/Ag And Pt/Ag Nanoparticles By Galvanic Replacement Reaction, Sunnith Kumar Admala 2017 Governors State University

Synthesis Of Au/Ag, Pd/Ag And Pt/Ag Nanoparticles By Galvanic Replacement Reaction, Sunnith Kumar Admala

All Capstone Projects

In recent years, galvanic replacement reactions have been successfully employed to produce bimetallic nanoparticles of a range of shapes, yet to date very few efforts have been devoted to develop methods for synthesizing smaller (<10nm) M/Ag; M=Au, Pt, Pd alloy particles using Ag hollow particles as sacrificial template. In this research work, we investigated new approach for the controllable synthesis of Au/Ag, Pd/Ag, and Pt/Ag alloy nanoparticles by applying galvanic replacement reaction on hollow Ag template in the presence of gold, palladium, and platinum salts. According to TEM analysis, the sizes of Au/Ag, Pd/Ag, and Pt/Ag alloy particle are 7.0±1.6 nm, 6.0±1.2 nm, and 3.0±0.8 nm, respectively. According to the study of optical property measurements on Ag hollow samples with increasing Au, Pt, and Pd content, it was observed that surface plasmon resonance peaks of the Au/Ag particles prepared with higher concentrated HAuCl4 solutions absorb at longer wavelengths and are red-shifted compared to the surface plasmon resonance of Ag hollow template. In the case of adding K2PdCl4 to Ag hollow sample resulted in blue shift of surface Plasmon resonance peaks for initial addition of palladium salt and further addition of K2PdCl4 caused the Plasmon peaks to diminish. Interestingly, our attempt to make Pt/Ag particle by reacting Ag hollow particles with various amounts of K2PtCl4 revealed that resulting alloy particles could still exhibit surface Plasmon resonance peaks for higher Pt content. Usually Pt and Pd nanoparticles do not exhibit surface plasmon resonance peaks in the visible spectrum. This work provides a model for a design of M/Ag; M=Au, Pt, Pd alloy particles, where combining Ag hollow samples with increasing amounts of Au, Pt, and Pd can provide successful execution of tenability of surface plasmon resonance.


Manipulating The Optical Properties Of Hollow Pd/Ag And Pt/Ag Nanoparticles Synthesized By Galvanic Replacement Reaction, Salvador Alcantar 2017 Governors State University

Manipulating The Optical Properties Of Hollow Pd/Ag And Pt/Ag Nanoparticles Synthesized By Galvanic Replacement Reaction, Salvador Alcantar

All Capstone Projects

Considerable efforts have recently been devoted to the fabrication of metallic nanostructures on account of their tunable morphologies which can lead to new and fascinating optical properties. These properties of a metallic nanostructure are most determined by their size, shape, composition and structure. Hollow metallic nanostructures have attracted much interest as their surface plasmonic properties and catalytic activities are completely different from those of solid nanoparticles. Galvanic replacement reaction (GRR) was known to be a powerful synthetic technique for converting solid metal nanostructures into hallow ones. These hollow nanostructures have high specific surface area, low density, use less material and ...


Preparation Of Au/Ag Nanoshells Through A Galvanic Replacement Reaction, Elizabeth Maschmeyer 2017 Governors State University

Preparation Of Au/Ag Nanoshells Through A Galvanic Replacement Reaction, Elizabeth Maschmeyer

All Capstone Projects

It generally requires solid metal templates of hollow metal structures with uniform morphology by the present galvanic replacement mediated-growth approaches. In this project report, we present a new and simple approach for the controllable synthesis of Au/Ag alloy nanoshells (NSs) by applying galvanic replacement reaction on hollow Ag template in the presence of gold salt. High quality thiol-coated spherical shape Au/Ag NSs were produced via this new synthetic approach and the hollow interior of the Ag template is very well preserved during the galvanic replacement reaction. Plasmonic property measurements reveal that Au/Ag NSs exhibit strong absorption peak ...


Detection Of Tetracyclines In An Anaerobic Waste Digester Using Solid Phase Extraction And High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry, Courtney Cruse 2017 Western Kentucky University

Detection Of Tetracyclines In An Anaerobic Waste Digester Using Solid Phase Extraction And High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry, Courtney Cruse

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Antibiotics are introduced to livestock to encourage growth and for the treatment of diseases. These antibiotics are not completely metabolized by swine, and thus these antibiotics are excreted with their waste. This poses a potential risk to human health as these antibiotics, a potential link to antibiotic resistant bacteria, then enter the surface water, ground water, and soil. In collaboration with the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) in Bowling Green, Kentucky, this research is concerned with analyzing the degradation of tetracyclines in swine waste from an anaerobic digester. Waste samples obtained from a digester and swine waste at the USDA ...


Nitric Oxide Release From Poly(Lactic-Co-Glycolic Acid) Nanoparticles And Titanium Alloy, Nina A. Reger 2017 Duquesne University

Nitric Oxide Release From Poly(Lactic-Co-Glycolic Acid) Nanoparticles And Titanium Alloy, Nina A. Reger

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Current methods for the treatment of bacterial infection involve the use of systemic antibiotics, which are high concentrations of antibiotics delivered over a long period time. Unfortunately, the use of systemic antibiotics can cause harmful side effects to the patient and increases the possibility for antibiotic resistance. The delivery of antibiotics or alternative antimicrobial compounds, such as nitric oxide, directly to the site of infection would decrease the amount of antibiotic necessary to treat a bacterial infection.

Poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid)/polyvinyl alcohol nanoparticles and a titanium- aluminum-vanadium metal oxide alloy implant were surface functionalized to deliver nitric oxide. Polymer nanoparticles ...


Evolution Of Cu2o Morphology During Copper Corrosion In The Presence Of Gamma-Radiation, Arielle M. Jean 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Evolution Of Cu2o Morphology During Copper Corrosion In The Presence Of Gamma-Radiation, Arielle M. Jean

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this work, experiments were carried out in order to develop a mechanistic understanding of the corrosion of copper metal in limited water volumes under gamma-radiation. When exposed to gamma-radiation, water decomposes into chemically reactive oxidizing and reducing species. Under a continuous radiation flux, the concentrations of the radiolytically produced oxidants eventually reach a pseudo-steady state that can influence the corrosion kinetics of metallic surfaces.

The evolution of the surface morphology during water droplet corrosion of copper in the presence of gamma-radiation was investigated as a function of irradiation time and pH. The oxide growth kinetics were studied by measuring ...


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