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1711 full-text articles. Page 1 of 41.

Ryan Caylor, Ryan Caylor 2016 Concordia University - Portland

Ryan Caylor, Ryan Caylor

Matthew E. Wise

Determination of the optical and physical properties of secondary organic aerosol particles
Measurement of the peroxide content of secondary organic aerosol particles


Cole Crosby, Cole Crosby 2016 Concordia University - Portland

Cole Crosby, Cole Crosby

Matthew E. Wise

Measurement of NOx concentrations on the Concordia University campus
Assessment of ozone formation in sparsely monitored areas using passive sampling


Avery Hong, Avery Hong 2016 Concordia University - Portland

Avery Hong, Avery Hong

Matthew E. Wise

Measurement of NOx concentrations on the Concordia University campus


Graphene Quantum Dots Electrochemistry And Development Of Sensitive Electrochemical Biosensor [Hybrid Poster 2-B], Tyler Smith, Alexander Banaszak 2016 Western Kentucky University

Graphene Quantum Dots Electrochemistry And Development Of Sensitive Electrochemical Biosensor [Hybrid Poster 2-B], Tyler Smith, Alexander Banaszak

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Graphene quantum dots (GQDs) are zero-dimensional material derived from graphene derivatives with characteristics from the structure of graphene with quantum confinement and edge effects possessing unique properties. Intense research activity in GQDs is attributed to their novel physical-chemical phenomena arising from the sp2-bonded carbon core surrounded with edge functional moieties. In this work, GQDs of optimal 5-7 nm size are investigated for their fundamental electrochemical properties and use in electrochemical sensing including enzyme-based glucose biosensor. Glucose oxidase (GOx) was immobilized on GQDs modified glassy carbon (GC) and the UV-Vis absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy, electron microscopy, cyclic and ...


P-26 Detection Of Counterfeit Antimalarial Drugs By Sers, Getahun Merga, P. Shepard, M. Trujillo, J. Camden 2016 Andrews University

P-26 Detection Of Counterfeit Antimalarial Drugs By Sers, Getahun Merga, P. Shepard, M. Trujillo, J. Camden

Celebration of Research and Creative Scholarship

Substandard antimalarial drugs are a major problem to the health of citizens in developing countries, and it is likely that the problem persists due to the lack of means to detect substandard drugs. Various colorimetric techniques have been implemented to determine if a drug contains the stated active ingredient or not, but vibrational spectroscopies such as NIR and Raman can be used to more reliably quantify the amount of active ingredient. The use of Raman, however, has been limited by the presence of significant sample fluorescence that interferes with detection of the SERS signals of the active ingredients. Thus, we ...


Определение Фенола В Почвах С Использованием Твердофазной Микроэкстракции, Газовой Хромато-Масс-Спектрометрии И Метода Добавок, С. С. Егемова, М. A. Дербисалин., Б. Н. Кенесов, J. A. Koziel 2016 Казахский национальный университет им. аль-Фараби

Определение Фенола В Почвах С Использованием Твердофазной Микроэкстракции, Газовой Хромато-Масс-Спектрометрии И Метода Добавок, С. С. Егемова, М. A. Дербисалин., Б. Н. Кенесов, J. A. Koziel

Jacek A. Koziel

Фенол является веществом второго класса опасности, обладает канцерогенными и мутагенными свойствами. Определение фенола в почвах стандартными методами требует длительную и трудоемкую пробоподготовку. Метод твердофазной микроэкстракции (ТФМЭ) позволяет существенно упростить определение загрязнителей почв, однако его применение ограничивает проблема эффективного контроля эффекта матрицы. Целью данного исследования было разработать методику экспрессного и недорогого количественного определения фенола в почве с использованием ТФМЭ, газовой хромато-масс-сперктрометрии и метода добавок. Температура экстракции 80°С обеспечивает наиболее низкие относительные стандартные отклонения, составляющие 2,1 и 4,6 % для водных и почвенных образцов, соот- ветственно. Время уравновешивания почв после введения добавки фенола при 80°С должно составлять не менее ...


The Investigation Of The Electrical Control Of Hemimicelles And Admicelles On Gold For Analyte Preconcentration, Dheyaa Hussein Al-Karawi 2016 Western Kentucky University

The Investigation Of The Electrical Control Of Hemimicelles And Admicelles On Gold For Analyte Preconcentration, Dheyaa Hussein Al-Karawi

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Hemimicelles and admicelles are well-investigated wonders in modern science; they are surfactant monolayers and surface adsorbed micelles, respectively. Capacitance measurements for monitoring the formation of dodecyl sulfate (DS) surfactant monolayer on positively charged gold substrates (planar gold) and the adsorbance of 2-naphthol onto DS surfactant monolayer were performed. The investigation of the electrical control of DS at various concentrations (4, 6, 16, and 32 mM) below and above the critical micelle concentration (CMC= 8 mM) on gold surfaces for analyte preconcentration, prior to chromatographic analysis, is presented. Charged ionic surfactants, such as DS, drawn to a surface of opposite charge ...


Investigating Mycotoxins And Secondary Metabolites In Canadian Agricultural Commodities Using High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry, Megan J. Kelman 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Investigating Mycotoxins And Secondary Metabolites In Canadian Agricultural Commodities Using High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry, Megan J. Kelman

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by fungi, which are harmful to humans and/or animals. Alternaria is a common fungal plant pathogen that can produce mycotoxins in agricultural commodities, such as processed wheat products, and fruit juices. Liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) is commonly used for the detection, characterization and quantitation of mycotoxins in agricultural products. Canadian Alternaria species were assessed to provide a risk assessment of their secondary metabolites in agricultural products by describing their global metabolome data obtained from the Orbitrap LC-MS instrument. Combination of this high mass accuracy data with post data-acquisition analysis techniques resulted in the ...


Fabricating And Characterizing Chalcogenide Thin Films As Light Absorbing Layers In Solar Cells, Daniel Vaccarello 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Fabricating And Characterizing Chalcogenide Thin Films As Light Absorbing Layers In Solar Cells, Daniel Vaccarello

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Solar cell development has been a focus in energy research, with light-absorbing layers as the key theme. Copper indium disulphide (CuInS2) and copper zinc tin sulphide (Cu2ZnSnS4 or CZTS) have energy band gaps that are optimal for solar energy conversion. New preparation methods have been developed with practicality, safety, and low costs in mind. The one-pot method developed in this thesis group has been utilized to create nanocrystals that can be used to absorb light and generate current. The use of low temperatures and minimalistic reaction conditions has led to the production of CIS and CZTS ...


First Line Shape Analysis And Spectroscopic Parameters For The Ν11 Band Of 12c2h4, Et-touhami Es-sebbar, John JohnMantzaras, Yves Benilan, Aamir Farooq 2016 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI)

First Line Shape Analysis And Spectroscopic Parameters For The Ν11 Band Of 12c2h4, Et-Touhami Es-Sebbar, John Johnmantzaras, Yves Benilan, Aamir Farooq

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

An accurate knowledge of line intensities, collisional broadening coefficients and narrowing parameters is necessary for the interpretation of high-resolution infrared spectra of the Earth and other planetary atmospheres. One of the most promising spectral domains for 12C2H4 monitoring in such environments is located near the 3.36 µm window, through its ν11 C–H stretching mode. In this paper, we report an extensive study in which we precisely determine spectroscopic parameters of 12C2H4 ν11 band at 297±1 K, using a narrow Difference-Frequency-Generation (DFG) laser with 10−4 cm−1 resolution. Absorption measurements were performed in the 2975–2980 cm ...


Comparative Analysis Of In Situ Fibronectin Using Tof-Sims, Spi-Ms, And Dropdesi-Ms In A Microfluidic Reactor, Shannon Fasing, Xiao-Ying Yu, Juan Yao, Jiachao Yu 2016 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Comparative Analysis Of In Situ Fibronectin Using Tof-Sims, Spi-Ms, And Dropdesi-Ms In A Microfluidic Reactor, Shannon Fasing, Xiao-Ying Yu, Juan Yao, Jiachao Yu

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

Fibronectin is an important biomolecule due to its role in cell differentiation, growth, kinesis, and adhesion. Such biological responses are mediated through membrane recognition and signaling; where fibronectin is found. Studying the outer molecular surface of fibronectin allows deeper insight into the microbiological reactions that occur during these processes. In situ mass spectrometry analysis in aqueous solution accurately represents fibronectin’s chemical components, made possible by a vacuum compatible microfluidic reactor, SALVI (System for Analysis at the Liquid Vacuum Interface). SALVI was paired with the analytical tools: time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometer (ToF-SIMS), single photon ionization mass spectrometer (SPI-MS) and ...


Using In Situ Liquid Single Photon Ionization Mass Spectrometry (Spi-Ms) To Probe Lithium Polysulfide Electrolyte In Motion, Aala M. Al Hasan, Jiachao Yu, Juan Yao, Vijayakumar Murugesan, Manjula Nandasiri, Xiao-Ying Yu 2016 University of Houston

Using In Situ Liquid Single Photon Ionization Mass Spectrometry (Spi-Ms) To Probe Lithium Polysulfide Electrolyte In Motion, Aala M. Al Hasan, Jiachao Yu, Juan Yao, Vijayakumar Murugesan, Manjula Nandasiri, Xiao-Ying Yu

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

The solid-liquid (s-l) interface is the most common interface encountered in electrochemical systems. The s-l interface has wide applications in energy storage, catalysis, and material sciences. In situ studies of chemical reactions taking place on the s-l interfaces can further our understanding of electron transfer and link to real-world device functions under challenging conditions. Direct probing of the solid electrode and liquid electrolyte interface has been realized using a vacuum compatible electrochemical microfluidic reactor, system for analysis at the liquid vacuum interface (SALVI) with time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS). Most recently, the electrochemical version of SALVI was integrated to ...


Development Of Instrumentation For The Analysis Of Photoconductivity In Functional Materials, Brandon L. Chapman 9741174 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Development Of Instrumentation For The Analysis Of Photoconductivity In Functional Materials, Brandon L. Chapman 9741174

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Determination Of Kinetic Parameters Of Equilibrium Peracetic Acid And Hydrogen Peroxide To Calculate Self-Accelerating Decomposition, Ricky Mittiga 2016 Buffalo State College

Determination Of Kinetic Parameters Of Equilibrium Peracetic Acid And Hydrogen Peroxide To Calculate Self-Accelerating Decomposition, Ricky Mittiga

Multidisciplinary Studies Theses

Determination of Kinetic Parameters of Equilibrium Peracetic Acid and Hydrogen Peroxide to Calculate Self-Accelerating Decomposition Temperature

Peracetic acid is a simple molecule that works as a powerful oxidant in many applications including food safety and water disinfection. The synthesis of the compound is fairly well understood due to its straightforward synthesis by mixing acetic acid and hydrogen peroxide. However, the decomposition of the compound has not been well studied. Few sources are available to provide kinetic data for the decomposition along with data that shows when the compound will undergo a self-accelerated decomposition that could lead to disastrous effects.

This ...


Qualitative Detection Of Selected Designer Drugs And Relevant Metabolites In Environmental Water Samples, Marley Pruyn 2016 Florida International University

Qualitative Detection Of Selected Designer Drugs And Relevant Metabolites In Environmental Water Samples, Marley Pruyn

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Designer drugs are compounds which have been synthetically derived from illicit drugs. After consumption, drugs and their metabolites are introduced into the sewage water which is treated and disposed into the environment. A combined target, suspect and non-target workflow was created to detect designer drugs in environmental water samples. Multiple water samples were spiked with an unknown mixture of drugs and metabolites to assess the efficiency of the method. Samples were collected from sewage influent and effluent pipes, downstream from a sewage outfall and reclaimed water. Analysis was conducted with high resolution MS using the QExactive Orbitrap. Screening was performed ...


Dna Aptamer Confirmation And Utilization For The Cyanotoxin, Cylindrospermopsin, Diane M. Catlin 2016 Florida International University

Dna Aptamer Confirmation And Utilization For The Cyanotoxin, Cylindrospermopsin, Diane M. Catlin

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Cyanotoxins are posing an increasing threat to the health of humans and wildlife. Cylindrospermopsin is a cyanotoxin that occurs in warm climates and is harmful when ingested. The toxic effects of CYN can affect multiple organ systems. The effects, coupled with the evidence of a mass contamination of a water supply in Australia, prove that CYN needs to be investigated further.

Aptamers have become a desirable method for detection of CYN as a result of an aptamer’s high specificity and the ability to scale up experiments. Aptamers have been designed to bind with a variety of targets, including cyanotoxins ...


Analysis Of An Ion Suppression Device Coupled With An Ion Chromatography System, Sam John 2016 Governors State University

Analysis Of An Ion Suppression Device Coupled With An Ion Chromatography System, Sam John

All Capstone Projects

A priority of chromatographers is to eliminate extraneous and errant noise that can interfere with any experiment. The goal is to focus on what is being analyzed, and in the case of detectors, modifying the instrument being utilized is the method of choice. One way to do that in ion chromatography (IC) is through the use of a suppressor.

Though not all instruments utilized in IC are equipped with suppressors, it is ideal to help reduce the ions already known to be present in the eluent. The premise of this study is simple in nature, but important in its application ...


Development Of A Primary Ion Column For Mass Spectrometry-Based Surface Analysis, Raul A. Villacob 2016 Florida International University

Development Of A Primary Ion Column For Mass Spectrometry-Based Surface Analysis, Raul A. Villacob

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) is a powerful technique for high spatial resolution chemical mapping and characterization of native surfaces. The use of massive cluster projectiles has been shown to extend the applicable mass range of SIMS and improve secondary ion yields 100 fold or beyond. These large projectiles however, present a challenge in terms of focusing due to the initial spatial and kinetic energy spreads inherent to their generation. In the present work, we describe the development and construction of a novel primary ion (PI) column employing a gold nanoparticle – liquid metal ion source (AuNP-LMIS) and the coupling to ...


Possible Sources And Impacts Of Biochar Water Extractable Organic Compounds On Aquatic Microorganisms, Cameron Russell Smith 2016 Old Dominion University

Possible Sources And Impacts Of Biochar Water Extractable Organic Compounds On Aquatic Microorganisms, Cameron Russell Smith

Chemistry & Biochemistry Theses & Dissertations

Smokeless biomass pyrolysis with application of biochar as a soil amendment could be a significant approach for carbon sequestration to possibly control climate change for energy and environmental sustainability. If biochar were to be utilized as a soil amendment and a carbon sequestration agent at Gt C scales, the release of potentially toxic compounds into soils and associated hydrological systems, through soil rainwater runoff and leaching, might have negative consequences, in both agro-ecosystems and aquatic environmental systems. Therefore, the main focus of this dissertation was to study the sources and chemical composition of biochar water extractable (soluble) organic compounds and ...


Gold Nanoparticle-Based Colorimetric Sensors For Detection Of Dna And Small Molecules, Pingping Liang 2016 Florida International University

Gold Nanoparticle-Based Colorimetric Sensors For Detection Of Dna And Small Molecules, Pingping Liang

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Biosensors have proven to be a powerful tool for detecting diverse targets, such as proteins, DNA, and small molecules representing disease biomarkers, toxins, drugs and their metabolites, environmental pollutants, agrichemicals, and antibiotics with high sensitivity and specificity.

The major objective of the research described in this dissertation was to develop low cost, low sample volume, highly sensitive and specific AuNP-based colorimetric sensor platforms for the detection of DNA and small molecules. With this in mind, we propose an instrument-free approach in chapter three for the detection of NADH with a sensor constructed on a paper substrate, based on the target-induced ...


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