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Physical Chemistry, Ruth E. Stark 2021 CUNY City College

Physical Chemistry, Ruth E. Stark

Open Educational Resources

This is a provisional syllabus for Physical Chemistry I (Thermodynamics), to be taught using an OER Textmap in Fall, 2021.


Spectral Analysis Of A New Electronic Transition Of Platinum Fluoride, Ptf, Carol Welch 2021 University of Missouri, St. Louis

Spectral Analysis Of A New Electronic Transition Of Platinum Fluoride, Ptf, Carol Welch

Undergraduate Research Symposium

The electronic landscape of platinum containing molecules has been the focus of numerous spectroscopic studies in recent years, because of the difficulty in describing electronic structure theoretically due to electronic correlations and relativistic effects. A collective effort by spectroscopitsts and theoreticians to investigate the diatomic molecule platinum fluoride, PtF, has included research such as developing potential energy diagrams and performing analyses on rotational transitions with microwave spectroscopy. One group observed electronic transitions of PtF using laser vaporization/reaction with jet free expansion and laser induced spectroscopy. A highly effective method for observing and analyzing electronic transitions of small, metal-containing molecules ...


An Examination Of Factors Influencing Small Proton Chemical Shift Differences In Nitrogen-Substituted Monodeuterated Methyl Groups, Stuart J. Elliott, O. Maduka Ogba, Lynda J. Brown, Daniel J. O'Leary 2021 University of Liverpool

An Examination Of Factors Influencing Small Proton Chemical Shift Differences In Nitrogen-Substituted Monodeuterated Methyl Groups, Stuart J. Elliott, O. Maduka Ogba, Lynda J. Brown, Daniel J. O'Leary

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

Monodeuterated methyl groups have previously been demonstrated to provide access to long-lived nuclear spin states. This is possible when the CH2 D rotamers have sufficiently different populations and the local environment is chiral, which foments a non-negligible isotropic chemical shift difference between the two CH2 D protons. In this article, the focus is on the N-CH2 D group of N-CH2 D-2-methylpiperidine and other suitable CH2 D piperidine derivatives. We used a combined experimental and computational approach to investigate how rotameric symmetry breaking leads to a 1H CH2 D chemical shift ...


Automated Code Engine For Tensor Hypercontraction: Derivation, Optimization And Implementation Of Rank-Reduced Coupled Cluster Theories, Yao Zhao 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Automated Code Engine For Tensor Hypercontraction: Derivation, Optimization And Implementation Of Rank-Reduced Coupled Cluster Theories, Yao Zhao

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The ultimate goal of electronic structure theory is solving the electronic Schr¨odinger Equation. However, even accurate approximations of solving Schr¨odinger Equation, such as high order coupled cluster theories, require computational efforts that are too demanding to be applied on large chemical systems. This thesis tackles the problem of curse of dimensionality: how to reduce the time complexity of high-accuracy coupled cluster methods in order to accelerate computations of molecular energy. On one hand, we believe that low-rank approximation (i.e. Tensor HyperContraction) of high-order tensors appearing in coupled cluster theory is a promising way to achieve rank-reduced coupled ...


Modeling Vitexin And Isovitexin Flavones As Corrosion Inhibitors For Aluminium Metal, Abdullahi Muhammad Ayuba, Umaru Umar 2021 Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria

Modeling Vitexin And Isovitexin Flavones As Corrosion Inhibitors For Aluminium Metal, Abdullahi Muhammad Ayuba, Umaru Umar

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Theoretically, the aluminium corrosion inhibitive performance of vitexin (VTX) and isovitexin (SVT) were evaluated with a view of establishing the mechanism of the inhibition process. Calculations which include the consideration of several global descriptors were studied to describe and correlate the reactivity of the molecules with the computed descriptors. First and second-order condensed Fukui functions were employed to analyze local reactivity parameters, while simulations involving the adsorbed molecules on Al (1 1 0) surface were conducted through quench dynamic simulations and the mechanism of physical adsorption was established with SVT relatively been a better inhibitor on Al surface than VTX.


Investigating The Proton Transfer Dynamics And Vibrational Spectrum Of Hydrogen Oxalate Using Driven Molecular Dynamics Simulations, Martina Kaledin, Dominick Pierre-Jacques, Olivia Cochran, Dayana Salazar, Dalton Boutwell, Martina Kaledin 2021 Kennesaw State University

Investigating The Proton Transfer Dynamics And Vibrational Spectrum Of Hydrogen Oxalate Using Driven Molecular Dynamics Simulations, Martina Kaledin, Dominick Pierre-Jacques, Olivia Cochran, Dayana Salazar, Dalton Boutwell, Martina Kaledin

Symposium of Student Scholars

In this computational chemistry work, we describe ab initio calculations and assignment of infrared (IR) spectra of an intramolecular H-bonding system hydrogen oxalate, C2O4H. The mechanism and dynamics of proton transfer are of fundamental importance in chemistry and biology. In C2O4H, proton transfer occurs along the non-linear path. Previous experimental studies are signaling very strong coupling between OH stretch mode and low frequency motions. We calculated IR spectra at 300 K using the direct molecular dynamics (MD) method at the MP2/ aug-cc-pVDZ level of theory and assigned the prominent spectral features using ...


Molecular Vibrations Of Symmetric Molecules: Raman Scattering Driven Molecular Dynamics Method, Martina Kaledin, Dominick Pierre-Jacques, Ciara Tyler, Jason Dyke 2021 Kennesaw State University

Molecular Vibrations Of Symmetric Molecules: Raman Scattering Driven Molecular Dynamics Method, Martina Kaledin, Dominick Pierre-Jacques, Ciara Tyler, Jason Dyke

Symposium of Student Scholars

This project focuses on developing a novel computational technique to study molecular vibrations through infrared (IR) and Raman scattering Driven Molecular Dynamics (DMD) method. While the main criterion for IR absorption is a net change in the dipole moment in a molecule as it vibrates, presently we wish to predict and analyze vibrational spectra to study symmetric vibrational modes that are IR inactive or weakly active while strongly Raman active. A newly developed method was tested on CO2, H2O, CH4, and C20 molecules. Students optimized the molecular structures, obtained vibrational frequencies, and IR and Raman ...


Probing Structure And Energetics Of Proton-Bound Complexes N2…Hco+ And N2h+…Oc Using Computational Chemistry Methods, Antonio Barrios, Dalton Boutwell, Onyi Okere, Monique Olocha, Oluwaseun Omodemi, Alexander Toledo, Antonio Barrios 2021 Kennesaw State University

Probing Structure And Energetics Of Proton-Bound Complexes N2…Hco+ And N2h+…Oc Using Computational Chemistry Methods, Antonio Barrios, Dalton Boutwell, Onyi Okere, Monique Olocha, Oluwaseun Omodemi, Alexander Toledo, Antonio Barrios

Symposium of Student Scholars

N2…HCO+ and N2H+…OC are predicted to exist in interstellar clouds. These complexes involve HCO+ and N2H+ fragments that are bound to N2 and CO, respectively using hydrogen-bonded interaction. The reason these molecules are important is that the existence of nitrogen can be measured indirectly through ion-molecular complexes studied in this work. The measured vibrational spectra of molecules is an excellent way to characterize and detect molecules. We used B3LYP, MP2, and CCSD(T) computational methods to predict the structure and vibrational frequencies of N2…HCO+ and N2H+…OC and ...


Theoretical Study On The Isomerization And Detection Of N2h+…Oc Complex In Interstellar Clouds, Dalton Boutwell, Martina Kaledin 2021 Kennesaw State University

Theoretical Study On The Isomerization And Detection Of N2h+…Oc Complex In Interstellar Clouds, Dalton Boutwell, Martina Kaledin

Symposium of Student Scholars

In this study, we characterize N2H+…OC linear complex using Driven Molecular Dynamics (DMD) and Vibrational Self-Consistent Field Theory (VSCF) methods due to its relevance in astrochemistry. A central challenge is the detection of the molecular complex in interstellar media (ISM). Computational chemistry approaches can predict vibrational spectra, hence facilitate prediction of its existence and stability in the ISM. N2H+…OC involves the proton transfer process via hydrogen bonding interaction. Proton motion is highly anharmonic, therefore facing a significant challenge to characterize it accurately. Quantum mechanical variational methods are popular among many theoretical chemists for their ...


Elucidation Of The Combination Bands And Anharmonic Features In The Vibrational Spectra Of C2o4h- And C2o4d- With Driven Classical Trajectories, Dalton Boutwell, Martina Kaledin 2021 Kennesaw State University

Elucidation Of The Combination Bands And Anharmonic Features In The Vibrational Spectra Of C2o4h- And C2o4d- With Driven Classical Trajectories, Dalton Boutwell, Martina Kaledin

Symposium of Student Scholars

Hydrogen bonds are strong electrostatic interactions characterized by the anharmonic shift of vibrational modes of atoms involved with this intramolecular force. The low energy barrier of the H+ transfer in hydrogen oxalate (C2O4H-), predicted to be ~2.98 kcal/mol at the MP2/aVDZ level of theory, allows for rapid proton exchange in the system and confounds the experimental vibrational spectrum of the molecule with broad spectral features in the O-H stretching region. The molecule is planar and exhibits several torsional motions among some of its lower frequency fundamental vibrational transitions. Because H-bonding and torsional motions ...


Model Calculations Of H/D Isotope Substitution In Hydrogen Oxalate Anion Using The Normal Mode Analysis, Dominick Pierre-Jacques, Olivia Cochran, Dayana Salazar, Martina Kaledin 2021 Kennesaw State University

Model Calculations Of H/D Isotope Substitution In Hydrogen Oxalate Anion Using The Normal Mode Analysis, Dominick Pierre-Jacques, Olivia Cochran, Dayana Salazar, Martina Kaledin

Symposium of Student Scholars

In this computational chemistry work, we describe ab initio calculations and assignment of infrared (IR) spectra of an intramolecular H-bonding system hydrogen oxalate, C2O4H. The study of H/D isotope effects can provide useful information on a proton’s location inside a non-linear pathway. In C2O4H, a normal mode analysis was performed at the MP2/aug-cc-pVDZ and B3LYP/aug-cc-pVDZ levels of theory. Previous experimental studies suggest a frequency shift ~1000 cm-1 for the OH stretch mode upon the H/D isotopic substitution. Isotope calculations resulted in a shift of 842 cm ...


Cocrfeni High-Entropy Alloy As An Enhanced Hydrogen Evolution Catalyst In An Acidic Solution, Frank McKay, Yuxin Fang, Orhan Kizilkaya, Prashant Singh, Duane D. Johnson, Amitava Roy, David P. Young, Phillip T. Sprunger, John C. Flake, William A. Shelton, Ye Xu 2021 Louisiana State University

Cocrfeni High-Entropy Alloy As An Enhanced Hydrogen Evolution Catalyst In An Acidic Solution, Frank Mckay, Yuxin Fang, Orhan Kizilkaya, Prashant Singh, Duane D. Johnson, Amitava Roy, David P. Young, Phillip T. Sprunger, John C. Flake, William A. Shelton, Ye Xu

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

High-entropy alloys (HEAs) have intriguing material properties, but their potential as catalysts has not been widely explored. Based on a concise theoretical model, we predict that the surface of a quaternary HEA of base metals, CoCrFeNi, should go from being nearly fully oxidized except for pure Ni sites when exposed to O2 to being partially oxidized in an acidic solution under cathodic bias, and that such a partially oxidized surface should be more active for the electrochemical hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in acidic solutions than all the component metals. These predictions are confirmed by electrochemical and surface science experiments: the ...


Development Of Density-Functional Tight-Binding Methods For Chemical Energy Science, Quan Vuong 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Development Of Density-Functional Tight-Binding Methods For Chemical Energy Science, Quan Vuong

Doctoral Dissertations

Density-functional tight-binding (DFTB) method is an approximation to the popular first-principles density functional theory (DFT) method. Recently, DFTB has gained considerable visibility due to its inexpensive computational requirements that confer it the capability of sustaining long-timescale reactive molecular dynamics (MD) simulations while providing an explicit description of electronic structure at all time steps. This capability allows the description of bond formation and breaking processes, as well as charge polarization and charge transfer phenomena, with accuracy and transferability beyond comparable classical reactive force fields. It has thus been employed successfully in the simulation of many complex chemical processes. However, its applications ...


Characterization Techniques And Cation Exchange Membrane For Non-Aqueous Redox Flow Battery, Kun Lou 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Characterization Techniques And Cation Exchange Membrane For Non-Aqueous Redox Flow Battery, Kun Lou

Doctoral Dissertations

The motivation of this work comes from one of the major problems of emerging non-aqueous flow battery (NAFB) that a separator or membrane which facilitates conductivity and blocks redox species crossover does not exist. Although many aspects of principles can be mirrored from mature fuel cell and aqueous flow battery, it is found that some well-defined membrane properties in aqueous systems such as swelling, transport and interactions are different in non-aqueous solvents to some extent. However, the approach of this work does follow the way perfluorosulfonate ion exchange membrane (PFSA) facilitated development of fuel cell and aqueous flow battery in ...


Physical Adsorption Of Linear Hydrocarbon Quadrupoles On Graphite And Mgo (100): Effects Of The Compatibility Of Surface And Molecular Symmetries, Andrew J. Pedersen 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Physical Adsorption Of Linear Hydrocarbon Quadrupoles On Graphite And Mgo (100): Effects Of The Compatibility Of Surface And Molecular Symmetries, Andrew J. Pedersen

Doctoral Dissertations

The process of physical adsorption finds a practical role in wide-ranging fields from catalysis, to lubrication, and even optoelectronics. Furthermore, it provides a mechanism to probe the fundamental understanding of intermolecular forces and how symmetries can play a role in the behavior of a system. Linear quadrupoles preferentially adopt square-T configurations when confined in two dimensions. This would lead the system to adopt a four-fold symmetry in the molecular lattice.

Two archetypal surfaces often studied in physisorption research are MgO (100), which has a four-fold symmetry of alternating charges, and the basal plane of graphite, which has a six-fold symmetry ...


Using Applied Field, Pressure, And Light To Control Magnetic States Of Materials, Amanda J. Clune 2021 University of Tennessee

Using Applied Field, Pressure, And Light To Control Magnetic States Of Materials, Amanda J. Clune

Doctoral Dissertations

Due to their low energy scales, flexible architectures, and unique exchange pathways, molecule-based multiferroics host a number of unique properties and phase transitions under external stimuli. In this dissertation, we reveal the magnetic- and pressure-driven transitions in [(CH3)2NH2]Mn(HCOO)3 and (NH4)2[FeCl5(H2O)], present a detailed investigation of these materials away from standard equilibrium phases, and develop rich two- and three-dimensional phase diagrams.

The first platform for exploring phase transitions is [(CH3)2NH2]Mn(HCOO)3. This type-I multiferroic contains Mn centers linked by formate ligands ...


Crystal Structure Of 2-(2,6-Diisopropylphenyl)-N,Ndiethyl- 3,3-Dimethyl-2-Azaspiro[4.5]Decan-1- Amine: A Diethylamine Adduct Of A Cyclic(Alkyl)- (Amino)Carbene (Caac), Roxanne A. Naumann, Joseph W. Ziller, Allegra Liberman-Martin 2021 Chapman University

Crystal Structure Of 2-(2,6-Diisopropylphenyl)-N,Ndiethyl- 3,3-Dimethyl-2-Azaspiro[4.5]Decan-1- Amine: A Diethylamine Adduct Of A Cyclic(Alkyl)- (Amino)Carbene (Caac), Roxanne A. Naumann, Joseph W. Ziller, Allegra Liberman-Martin

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

The structure of the title compound, C27H46N2, at 93 K has monoclinic (P21/n) symmetry. The title compound was prepared by treatment of 2-(2,6-diiso­propyl­phenyl)-3,3-dimethyl-2-aza­spiro­[4.5]dec-1-en-2-ium hydrogen dichloride with two equivalents of lithium di­ethyl­amide. Characterization of the title compound by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy is presented. Formation of the di­ethyl­amine adduct of the cyclic(alk­yl)(amino)­carbene (CAAC) was unexpected, as deprotonation using lithium diiso­propyl­amide results in free CAAC formation.


Dissolved Organic Carbon And The Potential Role To Stream Acidity In The Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Jason R. Brown 2021 University of Tennessee

Dissolved Organic Carbon And The Potential Role To Stream Acidity In The Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Jason R. Brown

Masters Theses

A substantial societal shift towards environmental awareness has focused research efforts on the impacts of pollution on natural landscapes. Improvements to pollutant regulations and technology have resulted in sizeable reductions of atmospheric deposition of anthropogenic acids, especially nitrates and sulfates, which has altered the role of these ions in the environment. As such, understandings of environmental chemistry dynamics have required regular updating.

Through the National Park Service Vital Signs monitoring program, increases in precipitation pH observed in Great Smoky Mountains National Park (GRSM) has been attributed to the reduction of inorganic acid concentrations. Unfortunately, these improvements have not been uniformly ...


Projector-Based Quantum Embedding For Molecular Systems: An Investigation Of Three Partitioning Approaches, Jonathan M. Waldrop, Theresa L. Windus, Niranjan Govind 2021 Ames Laboratory

Projector-Based Quantum Embedding For Molecular Systems: An Investigation Of Three Partitioning Approaches, Jonathan M. Waldrop, Theresa L. Windus, Niranjan Govind

Chemistry Publications

Projector-based embedding is a relatively recent addition to the collection of methods that seek to utilize chemical locality to provide improved computational efficiency. This work considers the interactions between the different proposed procedures for this method and their effects on the accuracy of the results. The interplay between the embedded background, projector type, partitioning scheme, and level of atomic orbital (AO) truncation are investigated on a selection of reactions from the literature. The Huzinaga projection approach proves to be more reliable than the level-shift projection when paired with other procedural options. Active subsystem partitioning from the subsystem projected AO decomposition ...


Bridging The 12-6-4 Model And The Fluctuating Charge Model, Pengfei Li 2021 Loyola University Chicago

Bridging The 12-6-4 Model And The Fluctuating Charge Model, Pengfei Li

Chemistry: Faculty Publications and Other Works

Metal ions play important roles in various biological systems. Molecular dynamics (MD) using classical force field has become a popular research tool to study biological systems at the atomic level. However, meaningful MD simulations require reliable models and parameters. Previously we showed that the 12-6 Lennard-Jones nonbonded model for ions could not reproduce the experimental hydration free energy (HFE) and ion-oxygen distance (IOD) values simultaneously when ion has a charge of +2 or higher. We discussed that this deficiency arises from the overlook of the ion-induced dipole interaction in the 12-6 model, and this term is proportional to 1/r ...


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