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Materials Characterization By Dynamic Nuclear Polarization Enhanced Solid-State Nmr Spectroscopy, Aaron Rossini 2018 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Materials Characterization By Dynamic Nuclear Polarization Enhanced Solid-State Nmr Spectroscopy, Aaron Rossini

Chemistry Publications

High-resolution solid-state NMR spectroscopy is a powerful tool for the study of organic and inorganic materials because it can directly probe the symmetry and structure at nuclear sites, the connectivity/bonding of atoms and precisely measure inter-atomic distances. However, NMR spectroscopy is hampered by intrinsically poor sensitivity, consequently, the application of NMR spectroscopy to many solid materials is often infeasible. High-field dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) has emerged as a technique to routinely enhance the sensitivity of solid-state NMR experiments by one to three orders of magnitude. This perspective gives a general overview of how DNP enables advanced solid-state NMR experiments ...


Infra-Red Microwave Spectra, Overtones, Degeneracy And Thermal Populations All In One Diagram, Carl W. David 2018 University of Connecticut

Infra-Red Microwave Spectra, Overtones, Degeneracy And Thermal Populations All In One Diagram, Carl W. David

Chemistry Education Materials

An old drawing, which had an error in it, is re-presented (corrected) for understanding the relationships in diatomic vibrational-rotational interactions at the introductory level.


Novel Relative Spontaneous Ignition Temperature Determination Using Carbon Dioxide Onset With Sta/Ir, Antonio David Trevino 2018 Stephen F. Austin State University

Novel Relative Spontaneous Ignition Temperature Determination Using Carbon Dioxide Onset With Sta/Ir, Antonio David Trevino

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Simultaneous thermal analysis, coupled with infrared spectroscopy (STA/IR), was utilized to monitor the evolution of gaseous products during the thermal degradation of samples from Triadica sebifera (Chinese tallow), Ligustrum sinense (Chinese privet), and Ilex vomitoria (yaupon) plants. Identification of carbon dioxide was successful with a spectral match of 90.2 percent and further used in the determination of relative spontaneous ignition temperature, or RSIT. The RSIT value during the growing season for Chinese tallow, Chinese tallow stem, Chinese privet, and Yaupon were 208.4°C, 250.3°C, 210.1°C, and 232.3°C respectively. During the dormant ...


Ultrafast And Nonlinear Spectroscopy Of Nanomaterials, Rami Anthony Khoury 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Ultrafast And Nonlinear Spectroscopy Of Nanomaterials, Rami Anthony Khoury

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Ultrafast and nonlinear spectroscopies are implemented in the investigation of excited-state dynamics and structural properties of materials and nanomaterials. In the first study, the excited-state dynamics of size-dependent colloidal TiO2-Au nanocomposites are investigated using ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy. The dynamics corresponding to the plasmon depletion band are characterized by electron-phonon and phonon-phonon coupling lifetimes that are observed to be independent of the gold nanocluster shell thickness. The excited-state dynamics corresponding to the interband transition of gold is also spectrally overlapped with the interfacial electron transfer lifetime, which is shown to decrease as the nanocluster shell thickness increases. In ...


The Commutator Of The Runge Lenz Vector With Other Operators Of The H-Atoms Physics Using Maxima, Carl W. David 2018 University of Connecticut

The Commutator Of The Runge Lenz Vector With Other Operators Of The H-Atoms Physics Using Maxima, Carl W. David

Chemistry Education Materials

Commutators of components of the Runge-Lenz vector and constants of the motion and ladder operators for the H-atom problem are evaluated using brute force calculus and Maxima.


Study Of The Visual Adaptation Mechanism In Marine Species With The Change Of Habitation Depth., Demid Osipov, Daniil Moshnikov 2018 Physical-Technical High School

Study Of The Visual Adaptation Mechanism In Marine Species With The Change Of Habitation Depth., Demid Osipov, Daniil Moshnikov

The International Student Science Fair 2018

The goal of our work was to determine the principal mechanisms that provide the difference in visual perception of two marine species that live on different depths: T. Pacificus and O. Vulgaris. In nature, visual perception of species that live deeper is shifted towards the blue region. This is related to the fact that red, orange and yellow light is absorbed more strongly by water than the blue light. On the other hand, the visual perception spectrum of an animal is determined by the absorption spectrum of the "light sensor" located in rods and cones of its eye retina. These ...


Steric Effects Of Alkyl Ammonium Salts On The Combustion Of Exchanged Smectite Clays, Celeste A. Keith 2018 Stephen F. Austin State University

Steric Effects Of Alkyl Ammonium Salts On The Combustion Of Exchanged Smectite Clays, Celeste A. Keith

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Bomb calorimetry was explored as a new method for determining the cation exchange capacity (CEC) of clays. Smectite clays were modified with several alkyl ammonium salts varying in number of carbons and the spatial orientation of the carbons about the central nitrogen atom. The clays used, standards purchased from the Source Clay Repository, have CECs of 44, 80, 88, and 120 meq/100 g. Theoretically, the combustion energy of the organo-clays should be approximately the same for each salt. Any differences in energy would be due to the different structures of the salts and how they are oriented in the ...


Desalination Concentrate Disposal: Ecological Effects And Sustainable Solutions, Ryan Hanley 2018 University of Washington – Tacoma

Desalination Concentrate Disposal: Ecological Effects And Sustainable Solutions, Ryan Hanley

Global Honors Theses

Freshwater availability is a growing global concern, and desalination is often presented as the solution, but from this important technology comes issues of toxic waste. Ecosystems are delicate areas that contain species adapted to that specific location, and any chemical or physical changes can disrupt the fitness of species. The concentrate byproduct waste from desalination plants is toxic to species if the concentrate is not compatible with the receiving water body. A critical review of scientific articles, industry-leading books, conversations with industry experts, and information from the American Membrane Technology Association conference was used to analyze the current knowledge. Species ...


Investigation On The Dissociative Photoionization Mechanism Of Furfural, Investigation Of The Absolute Photoionization Cross Sections Of Three Potential Propargylic Fuels, And Ab Initio Analysis On Potential Superbases Of Several Hyperlithiated Species: Li3f2o And Li3f2(Oh)N (N = 1, 2, 3), Matthew Winfough 2018 University of San Francisco

Investigation On The Dissociative Photoionization Mechanism Of Furfural, Investigation Of The Absolute Photoionization Cross Sections Of Three Potential Propargylic Fuels, And Ab Initio Analysis On Potential Superbases Of Several Hyperlithiated Species: Li3f2o And Li3f2(Oh)N (N = 1, 2, 3), Matthew Winfough

Master's Theses

This thesis presents the study photoionization cross sections of three different propargylic biofuels; dipropargyl ether, propargyl alcohol, and propargylamine, in chlorine radical-initiated combustion experiments at the Chemical Dynamics Beamline (9.0.2) at the Advanced Light Source of the Ernest Orlando Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California. Additionally, the unimolecular dissociative photoionization mechanism of furfural was studied using photoelectron photoionization coincidence (PEPICO) spectroscopy at the vacuum ultraviolet beamline at the Swiss Light Source of the Paul Scherrer Institut in Villigen, Switzerland. Dissociation products and mechanisms for furfural were identified over a photon energy range of 10.9 to 14.5 ...


Dft Study Of The Covalent Functionalization Of Double Nitrogen Doped Graphene, Thuraya Faleh Alhabradi 2018 Atlanta University Center

Dft Study Of The Covalent Functionalization Of Double Nitrogen Doped Graphene, Thuraya Faleh Alhabradi

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

Covalent functionalization significantly enhances the utility of carbon nanomaterials for many applications. In this study, we investigated the functionalization of double nitrogen doped graphene by the addition of different alkyl and phenyl functional groups at N atoms in syn and anti-configurations. Density functional theory calculations at the B3LYP/def-SV(P) level were employed to understand the syn versus anti preference on functionalization. The bond lengths, bond angles, relative energies, deformation energies and HOMO-LUMO energy gaps, of the syn and anti-configurations of the functionalized 2N-doped graphenes, have been compared. Functionalization with two groups leads to considerable deformation of 2N-doped ...


Multi-Reference Systems In Chemistry; Unconventional Bonding In Organic Chemistry; Covalent Bonding In Transition Metal Clusters, Alan Wilfred Humason 2018 Southern Methodist University

Multi-Reference Systems In Chemistry; Unconventional Bonding In Organic Chemistry; Covalent Bonding In Transition Metal Clusters, Alan Wilfred Humason

Chemistry Theses and Dissertations

The geometries, chemical properties, and reactivities of molecules are determined by their electronic structure. The field of ab initio computational chemistry works to calculate the kinetic and potential energies between the nuclei and electrons of a molecule. These calculations usually begin with the determination the electronic ground state.

Molecules that cannot be adequately described with a single, ground state configuration are called \textit{multi-reference systems}, which require the calculation of a linear combination of all pertinent electronic configurations, with a corresponding increase in computational cost. This is not `black box' methodology, because solving these systems requires a good understanding of ...


Modeling Adsorption And Diffusion Of Atomic Oxygen On The Ag(111) Surface Using Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulations, Seth Spencer Street, Sharani Roy, Sara Isbill 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Modeling Adsorption And Diffusion Of Atomic Oxygen On The Ag(111) Surface Using Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulations, Seth Spencer Street, Sharani Roy, Sara Isbill

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Oxidized silver surfaces are widely used as industrial heterogeneous catalysts to oxidize small organic compounds, such as ethylene. While surface-adsorbed oxygen is known to participate in catalysis, it has been suggested that ‘subsurface’ oxygen adsorbed in the near-surface region of silver also plays important roles in surface reconstruction and reactivity. However, the formation, motion, and chemical behavior of subsurface oxygen in silver are not well understood. In the present work, a kinetic Monte Carlo (KMC) simulation has been developed using the Python programming language to computationally model the diffusion kinetics of atomic oxygen (AO) at the Ag(111) surface. This ...


Detection Of Salen-Type Tracers For Subterranean Fluid Flow Monitoring Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy, Jenny C. Sanchez 2018 University of New Mexico

Detection Of Salen-Type Tracers For Subterranean Fluid Flow Monitoring Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy, Jenny C. Sanchez

Chemistry ETDs

A series of hydrocarbon and aqueous soluble salen-type ligands have been synthesized and characterized by electronic and vibrational spectroscopy. Aqueous soluble salen-type ligands were complexed to a metal and investigated as potential underground fluid flow tracers using Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) as the analytical technique. Vibrational spectra obtained from SERS was shown to have enhanced the spectral signal for these complexes in low concentrations though did not show significant differences between the free ligands and their metal complexes. This research has shown that, with some structural modifications, salen-type ligands can be effective candidates as subterranean fluid flow tracers when SERS ...


Methylglyoxal Uptake Coefficients On Aqueous Aerosol Surfaces, David O. De Haan, Natalie G. Jimenez, Alexia de Loera, Mathieu Cazaunau, Aline Gratien, Edouard Pangui, Jean-Francois Doussin 2018 University of San Diego

Methylglyoxal Uptake Coefficients On Aqueous Aerosol Surfaces, David O. De Haan, Natalie G. Jimenez, Alexia De Loera, Mathieu Cazaunau, Aline Gratien, Edouard Pangui, Jean-Francois Doussin

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

In order to predict the amount of secondary organic aerosol formed by heterogeneous processing of methylglyoxal, uptake coefficients (γ) and estimates of uptake reversibility are needed. Here, uptake coefficients are extracted from chamber studies involving ammonium sulfate and glycine seed aerosol at high relative humidity (RH ≥ 72%). Methylglyoxal uptake coefficients on prereacted glycine aerosol particles had a strong dependence on RH, increasing from γ = 0.4 × 10–3 to 5.7 × 10–3 between 72 and 99% RH. Continuous methylglyoxal losses were also observed in the presence of aqueous ammonium sulfate at 95% RH (γAS,wet = 3.7 ± 0.8 ...


Surface Reaction And Diffusion Kinetics In Semiconducting Metal Oxide Film Gas Sensors, Aravind Reghu 2018 University of Maine

Surface Reaction And Diffusion Kinetics In Semiconducting Metal Oxide Film Gas Sensors, Aravind Reghu

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Chemiresistive metal oxide gas sensors based on materials such as SnO2, ZnO, and TiO2, have been investigated extensively by many researchers for a wide range of applications. The band bending model, based on the surface chemistry of highly reactive ionosorbed species (O2- or O-) and the semiconducting material properties of SnO2, TiO2 and ZnO, adequately predicts the dependence of the change in sensor conductivity (Δσ) as a function of target gas pressure and temperature. However, the band bending model is not applicable to gas sensors based on reducible oxides such as WO3, MoO3 ...


Computational Modeling Of Electronically Excited States In Cobalamin-Dependent Reactions., Brady D. Garabato 2018 University of Louisville

Computational Modeling Of Electronically Excited States In Cobalamin-Dependent Reactions., Brady D. Garabato

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The current understanding of the photolytic properties of Vitamin B12 derivatives or cobalamins are summarized from a computational point of view. The focus is on two non-alkylcobalamins, cyanocobalamin (CNCbl) and hydroxocobalamin (HOCbl), two alkylcobalamins, methylcobalamin (MeCbl) and adenosylcobalamin (AdoCbl), as well as the stable cob(II)alamin radical. Photolysis of alkylcobalamins involves low-lying singlet excited states where photo-dissociation of the Co-C bond forms singlet-born alkyl/cob(II)alamin radical pairs (RPs). Potential energy surfaces (PESs) of low-lying excited states as functions of both axial bonds provide the most reliable tool for analysis of photochemical and photophysical properties. Due to the ...


Errata For Manuscript #34, Carl W. David, Jan Siroky 2018 University of Connecticut

Errata For Manuscript #34, Carl W. David, Jan Siroky

Chemistry Education Materials

An error in manuscript 34 of this collection concerning the Laplacian in spherical polar coordinates is corrected.


Computational And Analytical Modelling Of Droplet-Macroion Interactions, Myong In Oh 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Computational And Analytical Modelling Of Droplet-Macroion Interactions, Myong In Oh

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Charged droplets involving macromolecules undergo distinct disintegration mechanisms and shape deformations as a consequence of droplet-macroion interactions. Three general classes of droplet-macroion interactions that have been identified in the Consta group are: contiguous extrusion of a linear macroion from a droplet, "pearl-necklace" droplet conformations, and "star"-shaped droplets. This dissertation probes in a systematic manner the onset and various outcomes of macroion-droplet interactions, using atomistic molecular dynamics and realistic examples of solvent and macromolecules.

When the charge-squared-to-volume ratio of a droplet is below but near a threshold value, certain flexible macromolecules, such as poly(ethylene glycol), extrude from a droplet ...


Reduction Of The Ordered Magnetic Moment And Its Relationship To Kondo Coherence In, Benjamin G. Ueland, Na Hyun Jo, Aashish Sapkota, W. Tian, Morgan W. Masters, Halyna Hodovanets, Savannah S. Downing, Connor Schmidt, Robert McQueeney, Sergey L. Bud’ko, Andreas Kreyssig, Paul C. Canfield, Alan Goldman 2018 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Reduction Of The Ordered Magnetic Moment And Its Relationship To Kondo Coherence In, Benjamin G. Ueland, Na Hyun Jo, Aashish Sapkota, W. Tian, Morgan W. Masters, Halyna Hodovanets, Savannah S. Downing, Connor Schmidt, Robert Mcqueeney, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Andreas Kreyssig, Paul C. Canfield, Alan Goldman

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The microscopic details of the suppression of antiferromagnetic order in the Kondo-lattice series Ce1-&ITx&ITLa&ITx&ITCu2Ge2 due to nonmagnetic dilution by La are revealed through neutron diffraction results for x = 0.20, 0.40, 0.75, and 0.85. Magnetic Bragg peaks are found for 0.20 <= x <= 0.75, and both the Ned temperature T-N and the ordered magnetic moment per Ce mu linearly decrease with increasing x. The reduction in mu points to strong hybridization of the increasingly diluted Ce 4f electrons, and we find a remarkable quadratic dependence of mu on the Kondo-coherence temperature. We discuss our results in terms of local-moment- versus itinerant-type magnetism and mean-field theory and show that Ce1-&ITx&ITLa&ITx&ITCu2Ge2 provides an exceptional opportunity to quantitatively study the multiple magnetic interactions in a Kondo lattice.


Evaluation Of Vaporization Enthalpies And Vapor Pressures Of Various Aroma And Pharmacologically Active Compounds By Correlation Gas Chromatography, Daniel Simmons 2018 University of Missouri, St. Louis

Evaluation Of Vaporization Enthalpies And Vapor Pressures Of Various Aroma And Pharmacologically Active Compounds By Correlation Gas Chromatography, Daniel Simmons

Theses

Scientists in the pharmaceutical, food, and aroma industries can benefit from reliable thermochemical data. Vaporization enthalpy and vapor pressure data are not available for all compounds. Furthermore, some literature data is conflicting. The goal of this work was to use a method called correlation gas chromatography (CGC) to generate reliable vaporization enthalpy data in instances where other experimental methods are not applicable. Vapor pressures of the targets were also calculated in cases where the required literature data on the standards used in this technique were available.

CGC involves making a standard cocktail that includes a mixture of standards and one ...


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